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Wilmington journal. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1844-1895, February 25, 1876, Image 4

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Washtkotgn, Feb. lfcth 1876.
Dear Joubnatj: Matters of great
public interest crowd upon each other
here in such rapid succession that it ia
hardly possible to keep pace with them.
The question of most importance yes
terday, is almost forgotten tb-6Tay, and
to-morrow is entirely lost .sight of.
Sttll the subjects of most earnest
thought and attention are not found in
,,- the papers, and are not even much dis
cussed in the lobbies. The examiu-
fttion into the saveral departments of
the government for thepurpose of ex
posing the
existing therein, is now the work be
fore the committees. Day aDd night
these bodies are silently engaged, and
before Jong such exposuras will be
0 made as will astonish the country, as
.well prepared aa the people may think
. themselves for the information. Al
ready the work of retrenchment and
reform has begun in earnest. The
legislation in regaid to the District of
Columbia, and the cutting down of
nalaries and outfits providtd for iu the
Diplomatic and Consular and the We-t
Point Appropriation Bills, gives the
most gratifying evidence of the pur
pose of the Democrats to apply thts
pruning knife most thoroughly. The
Republicans, while professing to con
cur in this movement, aiwaya find
some excuse why th y canuot support
the paiticular measure then peudi.jg.
After vain efforts to defeat each, th?y
generally conclude to vote in the aflir
mative when the final issue coaies.
How much credit they loserva for
this, the historv of legislation for many
years past will tell.
But in the political kaleidoscope
there is one conspicuous feature which
is always visible, however much the
surroundings dissolve and change.
The subject of the
is never forgotten amidst the great
questions which daily engross atten
tion here. This matter is not nnaltend-
. ed with difficulty with either party. I
have found no Democrat, come from
what section he may, who is not fully
agreed that among the distinguished
gentleman named in connection with
the nomination he should be chosen
who has the greatest elements of
strength. In other words, I find none
bo wedded to individuals aa to be wil
ling to jeopardize the success of the
party, and the most pronounced advo"
cates of particular candidates freely
admit their favorites' weaknesses,
while they press his strong points. If
the delegates meet in convention with
such feelings, it will not be difficult to
select the proper man.
There are two sections of the coun
try to be considered by the Democrats
in making a selection, viz: Ohio and
Indiana on the one hand, and New Jer
sey and Connecticut on the other. It
is conceded that without one or the
other of these two groups of States it
will be impossible to succeed. The
leading candidate mustj therefore have
an overpawering local influence in one
of them, or possess a stroDg popularity
in both. . It is said, and I think with
some force, that as elections are to be
in October, just one month before the
Presidential election, that if a candi
date is to be selected with a view to
his local popularity, these two States
claim the first consideration, for a de
cided defeat in October there would
make it difficult to elect a President in
November. This view of the case will
be fatal to the aspirations of Governor
Tilden, who is unpopular in thcue
States, especially in Ohio.
It is upon this ground that the
friends of
they are to-day the two most conspicu
ous candidates for the nomination.
Either of them would suit our peoples
for no men in the United States are
more distinguished for statesmanship,
patriotism and honesty.
.iThe friends of both of these gentle
men claim for them the greatest posi
tive strength in the West, and the
greatest negative strength in New
York, New Jersey and Connecticut.
It is thought, however, the great popu
larity of these gentlemen in their own
sec Lion, and the enthusiasm with
which their names will be urged by
their friends, will mutually injure the
prospects of both.
In this event, I find here a strong
undercurrent setting in favor of
of Illinois, a justice of the Supreme
Court. The intimate friend of Mr
Lincoln, and appointed by him to the
Supierue Court Bench, nctwithstand
incr his pronounced Democratic bear
ings, and the person selected by him
to administer upon his estate, J udge
Davis is siiid to possess such popularity
in Illinois with both parties as to
render it absolutely certain that his
name will carry that State, while he is
very strong in Ohio and Indiana. The
decision rendered by J udge Davis in
the celebrated Milligan case would be a
bu Violent platform to recommend him
to every conservative citizon of the
United Statss.
I find others, whose opinions should
be gravely weighed, who hold that we
cannot jeopardize the certainty of car
rying the great State of New York, in
a vain effort to secure Ohio, or throw
away New Jersey and Connecticut for
Indiana, but that a candidate should
be selected who will carry the Middle
States, with Indiana, and who is not
unpopular in Ohio. These men are
looking forward to the nomination of
the distinguished Delaware Senator,
as one who possesses more elements of
strength than any of the others, even
if his very great popularity in Penn
sylvania does not make him the most
available candidate. It is useless for
me to tell the readers of the Journal
what my opinion Of this gentleman is,
and I can well define in what estima
tion he is held by the people of North
Carolina. If he should be the nominee
tf the party, his name would create
an enthusiasm in North Carolina here
tofore unknown in political contests.
But'! have taken it upon myself to
say to all who have approached me on
the subject that North Carolina was
prepared to support any of the distin
guished gentlemen who have been
named in this connection. Hr admi
ration of
knows no bounds. Every one recog
nizes the vast services they have each
rendered to our distracted country
and we would be only two hapyy to
assist in the election of either. The
country cannot afford a Democratic de
feat, and we are for that man who can
most certainly succeed.
VVe take it tLere will be no effort
made to send delegates from our State
in the interest of any particular can
didate. It should not be done, but
men should be selected with patriotism
broad enough to consider all the im
poitant questions which will arise.and
can and will draw wide distinctions
between their icdividual preferences
and the welfare and success of tbe
1 know that our friends in Peuder
county, aud indeed ia the wholo Cape
Fear section, will feel under obliga
tions to Senator Rausom for the h. nd
sooie ui he made of the meeting and
resolutions in regard' to th-; centennial
celiibrution of thv
in iiis rcctjiit peec!i in f ivor i f the
ceuteunial appiopriatiou, and if they
coald have witnessed, as I did, the at
tention paid by the Senators, aud the
app'uuse uiade by tho g;iilaries, the-y
wou'd have felt proud of their Senator.
At ihu close of his short npeecli mauy
Sen -dors crowded around to cougralu
Ute him, and Senator Oouklin?. the
very able aud very exrj'iisi'e Senator
from New York, with great ceremony
and paradi, marched most gracefully
across the chamber and shook Senator
Rausom very warmly by the hand.
Senator Cameron, who had the bill in
charge, immediately called a vote, and
it passed by a very large majority.
I visited the
a day or two ago iu company with
Senator Ransom and Representative
Ashtt, aud called upon Governor Jewe 11
who 1 fouud to be an agreeable and an
affable gentleman, and a prompt official.
Mr. Ashe brought complaint before
him that the postmaster at Wades
borongh had been removed, and one
Napier, who had been convicted of
stealing, had been appointed in his
stead. Governor Jewell, at once and
without hesitation, ordered his re
moval, saying that he would not
tolerate anything of the kind in his
Department; that even as a party man
he could not do his party the injustice
aa to nurture such men by putting or
keepiDg them in office.
It turned out that Napier had been
appointed upon the recommendation
of Colonel Oliver Dockery. Ia it pos
sible that Colonel Dockery. was ignor
ant of this man's character ? It was
very generally known in that section.
I like Dockery, but 'riding in the pub
lic streets with negroes and recom
mending the appointment of thieves
to office is not calculated to foster
friendships, nor, let us hope, to make
By the way I find that tbe people of
the Sixth District have an able and
faithful Representative in
whose ability, industry, honesty and
dignity place him among the foremost
men of the House. He is a universal
I came here nwth only a casual ac
quaintance with the Representation of
the First District,
which, however, had extended through
several years. I find him a high toned
chivalrous gentleman, and a faithful
Representative, destined to take a high
stand in the House. Indeed I do not
know when I have met a gentleman
who has more favorably impressed me.
His better acquaintance is one of the
most pleasant features of my visit here,
President Grant's testimony in the
Babcock trial is voluminous and much
muddled. He says that Babccck want
ed men of character to investigate
the alleged frauds in the Internal Rev
enue Department, men whoj would go
to the books of the distillers, and af U r
examining them, make out a report
that could be relied on. The thing,
insisted Babcock, should be conducted
as such inspections are conducted in
the army. No secret, sneaking de
tectives should be sent prying into the
princely establishments of tbe great
whisky distillers of the great St. Ijouis
whisky ring. Not at all. This wan
; infra dig of tbe government.
The exalted witness' memory is very
good on some points, and very bad on
others. A little singular, is it not ?
For instance: when theso frauds were
reported, and when Secretary Bristow
urged that, in order to put a stop to
them, the inspectors of internal revo
nua should be shifted around and be
compelled to rotate in their districts,
t'io order to this effect was-issued,
and afterwards revoked. The great
witness remembers who urged it to be
issued, but he forgets who advised its
revocation. "Did Babcock so advise ?'
"I do not now recalled," says the wit
ness. Imagine this gteat man seated
in nis private omce in tne vvnite
House and being cross-examined by
Mr. Eaton for the prosecution of Bab
cock. "a long nine Havana stuck in
his mouth and his arms resting upon
cushions of velvet. "General, did
Babcock advise you to have this order
revoked ?" Instantly a cloud of smoke
hides the witness' face from his inter
rogator, and "I don't recollect" is
growled back at Mr. Eaton through
tho cloudy veil.
And then again: "General did you
meet McDonald about the time this
order was revoked ?" Instantly the
smoke is blawn away, the witness'
brain is clear, and memory perfect.
Oh yes," he says, "I saw him took
a ride with him was riding out my
self, happened to meet him on tie
street, invited him to take a seat.
which he did, and we rode and talked
good deal." "Was anything said
about this order?" "Not a word sir,"
says the witness. And then imagine
how he chuckled over his own cunning
thoughts, as he hid himself behind
another cloud. They might have run
somewhat thusly: "Of course Mo
Donald said nothing to ine about the
matter. This sort of thing must be
managed by a 'mutual friend.' B
was the man for the business. McDo .
aid was too sharp to talk to me
directly in person about it. It would
never have done. And beside, the
whole matter was all arranged, and
what need w.as there for McDonald and
me to talk about it?" The deposition
of General Grant is full of jokes and is
riaht eood radioer. But he does not
think that a cent of money was given
by the whisky ring toward the Presi
dential campaign of 1872. If this be
so there must have been millions in it
for the members of the ring. McDon
ald gave" the President a "span of
splendid horses. Wonder who paid for
tnem ? Joj c ?
Mr. Williams concluded his opening
argument for the defence in the case
yesterday. He referred to the dis
patches, .-ayiug that the use of the
signature "Sylph" wai a mere act of
playfulness. Illustrative of the prac
tices of McDonald, Mr. Williams re
ferred to the dispatch, "Had a long
rida with the President," &Ch which
he sent to Joyce, and said:
"The purpose of this was to enable
Joyce to show this to the distillers, and
convince them that the President was
hobnobbing with McDonald and wink
ing at the conspiracy. Yet the Presi
dent tef-tities that he was riding out o i
a day wheu he saw McDonald standing
on the sldew-lk, aud asked him to
rido with him. Daring that ride noth
ing whatever was said ielative to St.
Louis uff tirs. It is Bach little inci
dents s thi which have placed the
Presidut uuder suspicion, and whioh
have occ sioned the daily avalanche of
new.-pip'-r scurrility which is directed
at the President. The testimony of
Everent shows another trick of Joyce.
He did not place the letter privately in
the postoliice, a:, was natural to a crimi
nal act, but ha got $1,000, paraded
two envelopes addressed to Babcock
and Avery, pretendml to put money iu
each and sent them by Everest to the
mail. This was only a damnable tru-k
of a desperate villain to convince the
distillers, through Everest, of their
General A. A. Humphreys, D. W.
McMabon, first officer of the Tieasury,
ex Postmaster Berrell, of Washington,
and General Banks were called to
prove Bibcock's good character. Ex
Supervisor Tutton began testifying to
his interference when the order for a
transfer of supervisors was made, but
objection was raided.
In ret!y to inquiries on behalf of
some Virginia claimants to tho famous
Jennings estate by J. Parker Veazey,
Esq., of Baltimore, he has received
frem the Hon. Judah P. Benjamin, the
fallowing letter:
Temple, London, Jan. 31, 1876.
J. Parker Veazey, Esq.:
Dear Sir: In anwer to your favor
17th inst. I beg to say that there is not
a word of truth in the statement that I
am or ever have been engaged in be
half of any person in the matter of the
Jennings estate or any other estate in
England. I have uniformly refused to
engage in any uch business, and have
endeavored in every way to give pub
licity to this fact, because I constantly
hear of attempts of dishonest men to
represent themselves us my agents or
clients, and to impose on the credulity
of the unwary for the purpose of ob
taining money on false pretenses. I
am not engaged professionally for a
single heir or allege! heir in the
United States. I receive hundreds of
letters with inquiries such as yours
until I have been compelled to throw
them aside without an answer. I make
exception in your case, and hope you
will do me the favor to communicate
the contents to the publio thrrjugh the
press, that the people may be warned
against attempts to defraud them by
false representations such as I have
I am, very respectfully,
Yours truly,
J. P. Benjamin.
Paris posses at the present date, ac
coiding to the Journal Official, four
circus establishments, exclusive of the
hippodrome, the menageries, and the
numerous establishments where sing
ers, gymnasts, wild beast tamers, rope
dancers and downs ply their avocation r.
The taste of the Parisians for tuch
amusements dates very far b ick. No
public fete nor royal entry ever took
pluoe in the middle ages without being
accompanied by exhibitions and shows
of strength and agility. In the year
1385, on the occasion of the entry of
Charles VI. and Isabeau of Bavaria, a
Genoese, according to the old chroni
clers, won the admiration (f the whole
populace. A rope having been stretched
from the towers of the Church of
Notre Dame to one of the house cn the
bridge of the same name, the Genoese
descended from the towers of the
church along this rope, holding in one
hand a torch and in the other a crown
which the moment the queen passed
he managed, -suspended from the rope,
to deposit on her he-d. He afterward
returned along the rope to the towers
of the church. It would be
easy to multiply examples of exhi
b:tioa of this kind, and to find in the
acrobats of the olden times the counter
parts of the rope walkers and gymnasts
of the p esnt day, the only difference
being that the former were obliged to
exhibit their dexterity in the open air
Nioolot, the founder of the Gaiety
Theatre in Paris, was the first to offer
them tbe opportunity of an indoor ex
hibition in the year 1764. In his
theatre the entr'actes were always ojcu-
pied by the performances of rope
dancers, tamborine players and aero
bats, an arrangttmeut which pleased
the spectators immensely. Sixteen
years later, in 1780, an. English riding
master, the well known Astley, accom
panied by Benoit Guerre, De Balp and
other iiiUglish riders and jugglers,
after having traveled through the
greater part i f France, and having
made laige profits, conceived the idea
of fixing hip troupe permanently in
Paris. He accordingly opened, in tbe
Ron Faubourg de ' Temple, an estab
lishment destined for the performance
of horsemanship. This Tas the first
Parisian circus, and proved an im
mense success.
The advisory council in the Beecher
business has at least been partially
organized, 'and quite a company of
clergy and laymen have assembled to
take a look into the history of a case
that hag troubled so many tribunals.
Some of BeecGer's partisans have as
sumed that the acceptance of three
quarters or two-thirds of the churches
invited has shown a general sympathy
for Plymouth Church on the part of
sister societies of the same faith; but
that is certainly begging tho question,
and is about as sensible a view to take
as that prisoner is innocent because
twelve jurymen are in their seats to
render a verdict. Probably satisfac
tory results are not generally expected
from this gathering. No matter how
good its disposition may be, it possess
sea no power to go farther than Ply
month Church gives it leave; that fea
ture has already been arranged. It
was called together, not for the purs
pose of investigation, bnt to be used.
the great importance of tbe politi
cal contest which will take place in
North Carolina in the month of
November next, is so entirely under
stood and appreciated by her people,
that no word of explanation is needed
to impress or magnify it. Not since
the Old North State had an existence,
have her people been calied upon to
deoide questions of higher import or
of more vital interest to themselves,
than those Questions which are in
volved in the campaign that is just
opening before us. When the old con
stitution of the State was formed.
under which her people lived and were
contented for more than eight-tenths
of a century, there were no such diffi
culties thrust before its f ramers as now
ODstruct the pathway of her sons who
would lead her back to her onco happy
and prosperous condition. Then, there
was a unanimity to construct an instru
meut whiah would result in the great
est public weal attainable. There was
io factious or partisan opposition.
Patriotic wisdom was alone supreme
in the councils of herpeople, and when
the words of this wisdom wre written
out and given forth, there was but one
voic-3 to be h: ard in all the land, the
voic-j that declared a spirit of content
ment and obedience.
Of the instrument tlhus formed and
accepted, the people of North Carolina
were deprived, and by the command
of a military satrap were foiced io
submit to another which was substi
tuted for it. Under this odious sub
stitution the people have dragged out
a weary existence for eight long years.
At last they have an opportunity of
throwing it off from them forever. The
effort to do so will be no child's play.
It will require the united strength of
all the good men of the entire State
to accomplish it. Thank God the
Sampson's hair has grown again, and
with its length has returned his
strength. As yet unblinded . by his
enemies, instead of dragging down
the pillars of the State for the destruc
tion of himself aud them, he will
Bcourgetnem froni the temples of jusr
tice.aud will make them who have con
verted these sacred places into dens of
thieves, flee before his just indigna
tion. But the constitution is not the only
question that will come before the
people in November. A Governor,
members of Congress and memb rs of
the Legislature are to be elected
The prize for which tho two op.
posing parties are contending, is
indited great. In entering the contest
no false step should be taken. Above
all things, there should be no factions
in the party. The organization should
bo thorough and complete. The enemy
has already sketched out his plans and
commenced his preparations for the
fray. He will go into the fight, armed
and equipped in every part.as he never
was before, and with a determination
which despair can only inspire. It is
time the Conservatives should talk of
organization. We must win, and by
such odds as will forever bruise and
destroy the hideous head of Republi
canism in North Carolina. The only
thing that can keep us from victory is
by the practice of fraud on the part of
the enemy. And the way to prevent
that fraud is by thorough organization
the enrollment and active support of
every man who proposes to go witn
ns. This organization must be secured
bv early, active and continued labor
among the people. We urpre action
now.nght away, on the part of every
maniiievery county and townshipin the
State. Oaoe commenced it must
not be Buffered to flag. The interest
must be Kept up and intensified until
election day. The young men must
come forward. Our leading men must
urg them out, and lead the way. It is
for them to sound the alarm. Their
warning voices should be heard from
the sea coast to the mountain tope.
The young men of talent and courage,
throughout the Slate should at once
put on the war piint, and commence
by organization. Let them go at it in
a business-like way by forming clubs.
Every township and village should
have its club. The larger towns and
cities should each have a number of
clubs. This will result in finding out
and utilizing all the material within
reach, aud then our strength can be as
certained and relied upon. The c'.ub
is where the very life blood is kept
warm, and kept freely and vigorously
in circulation. Fror,i the clubs, dele
gations can be sent to the county
meetings, and from the connty meet
ings delegations can be sent to nomi
nating conventions, and thus the party
organization will be such as to give us
candidates who will be acceptable to
the party -such as to give us victory.
The seventeenth was the anniversary
of the burning of this beautiful city by
Sherman's army. It is a natural thing
for the people of that city, upon the
recurrence of the anniversary of the
horrible deed, to remember it with
saduess, although those hearts be long
since likewise filled with forgiveness.
Aue vaiiuuiuih imyimer ci ine seven
teenth has the followiug sadreflectioi:
"Eleven yars ago to-day, an incen
diary, who. if the report bo true, as
pires to be President of the United
States, entered this city with from
60,000 to 80,000 troops at his back, and
burned one of the most beautiful,
prosperous, yet defenseless cities in
the South. The vindictive spirit which
actuated the man has, in a long meas
ure, been forgiven by the brave and
generous people he sought to humble
and degrade. Men, women and child
ren alive in'Ool irubia to-day rem mber
how his ruthless incendiaries entered
Columbia, throwing their fire balls in the
stores along Richardson street; how
guards placed by order of his subordi
nate officers to protect houses set fire
to the very premises they were sent to
save; how the beautiful unfinished mar
ble work, intended to complete South
Carolina's splendid capitol building,
was burned to ashes. All this, and the
degradation sought to be heaped upon
a brave, chivalrous people has been
forgiven and tried to be forgotten; and
yet such men as Morton and Blaine
ar$ still urging additional persecutioq
and proscription upon a people who
they pretend to think should throw up
their hats and glorify the 'greatest
government the world ever saw, and
which if they cannot do under its pres-
ent management, they propose to count I
them out as 'disloyal' and 'rebels.' "
Aiininri.NTHA i ion.
The Nation takes an original and at
the same time a common sense view of
some of the evils which Grant's Ad
ministration has inflicted upon the
country. Grant has done more to
familiarize the American people wi h
the face of crime thuu any man before
him ou the American continent has
been able to do. It has been time and
again charged, and the charges have
been sustained by indisputable facts,
that be has retained men in office un
der his Administration whom he kaew
to be corrupt and unworthy the repo
sal of a public trust. These corrupt
officials have been even members of
his magisterial household. Corruption
has boen traced so near to his imme
diate official presence, that he, himself,
is gravely suspected of being not only
cognizant of suob corruptions, but of
being an actual participant therein.
His high official position, ignoring as
he does these numerous acts of cor
ruption, countenancing and sustain
ing men in office who are openly
charged with the gravest crirai
nal offenses, makes him powerful for
evil, and affords him the facilities of
being the greatest of corruptionists
When the name of the President of
the United States is thus freely asso
ciated with vice aud crime, how po
tent it the influence upon officials of
lower station. "When vice prevails
aud impious men bear sway," the gaze
of the multitude makes them fumdar
with the mouster's face, aud induces
them to "first endure, then pity, then
embrace." It is not so much the re
sults of the war that the times are so
disjointed, or that crime is fo preva
lent throughout the length aud breadth
of the laud. The cause of these re
sults may be traced to another source,
the example of high official corruption.
The Nation thinks that it is not
Grant's simple mindeduess that has
betrayed him into his series of diffi
culties. That paper 6iiows that the
President has a will of his own when
ever the Execvtive authority is brought
into requisition. Here is what it sas
We, lor our part, see lar more
danger to the government iu popul
familiarity with or ludiiierence to tin
evils which General Grant's adminis
tration has fostered, than in the po-jsi
unity oi ine election ji any man lor
three terms. It must not be forgotten
iu estimating or in criticising his polit
ical career, that it is the very fact of
his strong claim ou popular gratitude
which has made Lis two tarms so de
moralizing, and it is alrrost always by
men with claims ou popular gratitude
that the seeds of po itical ruin are
sown. If he had not bet n a successful
general in dark days, he would have
become odious before 1872; but with
the halo of war around him, not only
have a terrible number of faults been
forgiven him, but they have come to
lose the appearance of faults and t.
take on that of virtues. No ordinary
President could, for instance, have
been allowed to give a government
like this a Musselman flavor, by ap
pointing high public functionaries
thiough pure personal caprice. When
President Grant first began to m ke
extraordinary and, as it seemed, s ;and
alous selections for places in the civi
service, his friends maintained that we
must not reproach him, that he was
simpie-mindt d man, who was necessar
lly in this matter in the hands of the
Senators and Representatives; but he
speedily dissipated this theory by ap
pointing Simmons, of Boston, in defi
ance of the Representative of the dis
trict, ana nicuonaiu, oi at. Jj-.-uis, in
defiance of the whole State delegation
In short, he his administered the gov
eminent neither on the old American
"spoils" system nor on the new "civil
service reform" system, but on the
Sultanic or Turkish system, which
says: I like Mustapha; put the Viz
ler 8 robes on lum, and give anybody
who says he is a thief one hundred
blows with a stick."
The Augusta Chro-iicle gives
severe r isping to soma of the South
ern papers lor tneir criticisms upon
Jeffersou Davis reply to BUme's slan
ders VVe agree with the Chronicle
tn toto. And while we heartily endorse
aud ur0 the conciliatory spirit which
nas animated the North Ciroliuu delega
tion in Congress, especially the spirit
manifested in the able speeches of
Senators Rausom and Merriman and
Representatives WaddeU and Bobbins,
we will unflinchingly maiutaiu tha
the spirit of conciliation should not b
suffered to smother under the spirit of
justice. In tho war between the States
the South lost oil save honor and the
glory of the battle field. The one
history will award to her, in spite of
the malignant slanders oi a legion of
Blaines; the other is in our own keep
ing. If that be aspersed the Southern
peeple alone will defend it. The honor
of the South, and of her leaders in the
great struggle, remains unimpaired
aud unimpeachable, and whenever it
shall be assailed, or by whomsoever,
we too will continue too cry out
for justice justice, "though the heav
ens tall.
In speaking of the newspaper talk
about policy, the Cironicle'tHajH:
"We have heaid something too
much of this sort of talk. The damna
ble iteration of 'policy," 'policy has
become as disgusting as it is stupid.
We would like to know the names of
some of these same 'sensible Southern
Democrats who 'regret' Mr. Daeis'
letttr aud thiuk it was entirely uncall
ed for.' We venture the prediction
that tney will not be in a hurry to re
veal their identity to their constitu
ents. The leader of the Republican
paity rises in his place in Congress
and charges Mr. Davis with outrage
ous cruelty and inhumanity to defense-
prisoners of war. If Mr. Davis
were gunty of such a crime he would
be justly considered infamous as long
as Ms name could hf. rememberer.
Yet because he doos not remain auiet
under this accusation ami allow his si
lence to be construed as admitting its
truth, ho is cennured iu the harshest
term. And when he a lowers his ao-
enstr and pronounces his suemenis
false, proves his statements false.
Southern Democrats pay his letter is
'entirely uncalled for.' Out upon such
'Sonthvru Democrats.' ihev are too no-
lite to be entirely honest.''
President Graut has signed the Cen
tennial bill, and the appropriation is
thus a fixed fact. The ouildings are
nearly done, the principal ones alto
gether finished, and all the prepara
tions aro certain to be completed long
in advance of the time designated for
tli3 opening. Now just let the effete
monarchies of Europe look on and
learn how an international exposition
ought to be managed.
A granddaughter of Gen. Natbannie
Greene is a resident of Toledo, Ohio.
She has in her possession two relics,
one of whicu is an oia style double
sugar bowl, owned originally by Gen.
Greene's mother, and the other is an
eight-dollar Continental bill, number
ed 14,922 and dated 1777. .
FAJ1 1 1 T ' IN TKOVBLR-jrnuE
m O N T ti O tl K MOIES IM
The South Carolina Legislature has
mpeacbed Judge Montgomery Moses
for malfeasance in office, for bribery,
for embezzlement of the publio funds
and for nonfeasance in office. The
following are the articles of impeach -mnt,
as taken from the Columbia
Union-Herald :
The house began the consideration
of the private c ilendar, but was inter
rupted by the privilege question of the
impeaehment of Montgomery Moses.
Mr. Elliott, from the committee to
prepare articles, reported.
Article 1 charges that he did, in
October, 1874, obstruct, delay and
hinder the due execution of the law in
said county, by refusing to allow the
grand jury of tbe faid county to make
a presentment to oaid court, touching
their investigations into the violations
of law in, and the official conduct of
the public officers of, said tlbunty; and
by discharging thu said grand jury
while they stood ready to make such
presentment, and while the foreman of
aid grand jury was expressing the
wish" of said jury to submit to the court
tie said presentment,
Article 2 c
arges that he has, at
various times and places, corruptly
demanded money at the hands of liti
gants in the circuit courts of the said
seventh judicial circuit in payment of
det isious ou cases heard before him,
an 1 also at the ha'uds of public officers
whose accouuts he was by law re
quired to audit and approve for pay
uieut, as a consideration for his ap
proval of the accounts of said officers,
aud especially did so corruptly demand
the payment to him of money for the
aporovai of euch accounts at Laurens
C. 'H. on the day of October, 1873,
and at Newberry in 1874.
Article 3 charges that he has, at
various times and places, corruptly
demnuded and unlawfully received
and a;-propriated to his own use, from
officers of the circuit courts of the
-said seventh judicial circuit, public
monies by law entrusted to their care
and custody, promising aud agreeing
to interpose his judicial power and
authority to protect and ecreen them
from I he respousibility aud punish
ment. Article 4 charges that he has wil
fully neglected to pel form the duties
of Hid office w.th reasonable diiigetce,
thereby causing grt-at delays in th
transaction of the judicial business of
his said circuit.and causing great loss,
damage aud inconvenience to suitors,
jurors and witnesses before the courts
over which he presided.
Article 5 charges that he has, at
various times and ilaces, willfully and
perversely neglected and refused to
perform the duties of said office by
failing and refusing to sign orders sub
mitted to him for his signature by the
consent and agreemeut of the parties
to the suits in which such orders were
demanded and pending in his said
Article 6 charges that he has,
at various times and places, ar
bitrarily aud peremptorily -ordered
aud compelled public officers
sworn to a faithful performance
of their duties as such public of
ficers to violate the law by the
issuance of evidences of public indebt
edness contrary to thojplaiu require
ments of the statutes prescribing and
regulating their duties.
Article 7 chargas that he has, at
various times aud places, widully,
perverseiy and corruptly neglected aud
refused to perform honestly ai.d prop
erly the duties of his said office iu this,
viz: Passing orders for the payment of
certain parties, their claims iu full
amounting to five tuonsi'jd dollars or
more, while other crediters were paid
only about sixteen cents ou the dollar,
who were equally as well eutitled to
the payment of t.ieir claims, out of a
certain tax levied to pay the past in
debtedness of Newberry county.
The story of the wanderings of
Eruest Gowdy.the precocious thirteen-year-old
who mysteriously disappeared
from his home in Scitico, Conn., last
September, is by no means an unro
m iutie one. The alarm oceasioued Ly
the disappearance of the boy was se
rious and widespread, and the mystery
threatened to become as dark aud as
deep as the Charlie Ross case itself.
Notwithstanding all tue terrible ru
mors that were in circulation during
his absence, the boy got back under
tho pateTnai roof on iaturday, safe and
tfouud, aud there dt scr.bedhis travels,
tlis motive for going away, he says,
was a desire to see the world. With
a $1,000 bid iu his pocket he left his
home and went to New York, and thence
set sail for Savannah. Fiuding that
his money was getting scarce, he be
gin to exercise his Yankee ingenuity
by pedlling polish, pictures, looking
glasses and clocks, making 600
in ten weeks. Peddling getting
dull, he went to work in a restaurant,
where he was struck over the head by
a big buck negro with a baking-dish,
which left a big scar. The boy had
him arretted and ssnt to the peniten
tiary. While in Savannah the boarding
house was burned and he lost his stock
in trade, including his savings for sev
eral months. Then he went to Charles
ton and went to peddling polish again.
He was soon afterwards arrested by a
"big, black, burly negro policeman,
who made arrangements for sending
him home. "Iu Savannah," says the
boy, "I found that a white mau was rs
good as any one, but in Charleston
tha negro is a little the bet." He
seemed by no means anxious o come
home when the officer took charcre of
him, though he showed no disposition
to get away from him. He was picked
up in unarieston just in tne nick of
time, for he had engaged to go on a
voyage to the Went Indies. Tho de
light of Earnest's people at home
when he arrived was well worth wit
nessing, ine old tolks laughed and
cried all night long, and the vounc;
st rs were as happy as joy could make
tliem. Ine boy comes nome heartv
and happy, evidently not appreciating
the distress he has caused his parents,
but Jookmg back with glee upon the
good time he has had.
A man does not know what he mar
lo until he is tried. I came of honest
stock my parents were honest. I
would u'vt btca!. T hnve fan'ts". but
t'sy lie in a d iiVr. nt direct on.
Jt' i.cif rii SiDhuij Sermon. "He who
steals juy puro st-a!a trash; but he
who robs me cf my good name en
riches not himoelf, but makes me poor
iudeed, is what Gen. Othello said when
he suspected M. Casaio of "nest hid
ing." Ergo, it is lss crimiual to steal
a man's purse than his peace of mind.
-Boston Post.
General Kobert E. liee wrote in
1867: "I believe every one who has in
vestigated the afflictions of the Federal
prisoners is of the opinion that they
were incident to their condition as
prisoners of war, acd to the distressed
state of the whole Southern country,
and ar they were fully shared by
the jJonf derate prisoners in Federal
Henri Joseph. Guillareiui Futon, the
French litterateur and Aocademician,
is dead.
The lynching of a murderer in West
Virginia some time ago, aud the nar
row escape of his female accomplice
from a similar fate, created not a little
excitemeut at the time, and a local
paper describes the w-etched condi
tion of the woman who is now in jail
awaiting trial. It will be remembered
that the victim of the murder was
the woman's husband, she having en
tered into a conspiracy with her para
mour to dispose of him: "Sue is be
yond doubt the most wretched female
ever inc irceratedin the jail at Barbors-
v lie. Toberd- ath would be a most
welcome messenger, hut her guilt
Btained heart has not tbe cou ae to
erjgge.it suicide, and did she entertain
such a thought her hands would be too
cowardly to rssU t in the self-murder.
By day gory -stained phautomj flit be
fore her gaz, while her sleep is ac
c impauied with dreains of skeletons,
aud fiends dance around her bedside,
their mocking laugh deriduicr her for
the assassination of her husbaud. When
asked a few days ago what troubled
her most, 'the past or the future," she
answered the . h'oriib'e patt.' She
pces up and down herhtrougly-barred
room wihbing for death, aud occasion
ally dashes her bauds into her eyes as
if to keep from her gze the awful
scenes attending the
ery of her husbaud.
in flesh o such an
impiisoument as to
inhuman butch
She lias wasted
extent since her
present the ap-
pearance of an animated skeleton, her
appetite has deserted her, her mind is
ou the ve.ge of losing its sway, and
terrible iudeed must be her expecta
tions respecting the issue of her ap
proaching trial for murder."
- It is little more than six years since
Geo. Peabody died, and already t ?nof
the commodious and subs' aotial
dwelling houses he bequeathed to the
workingmen of London have risen in
the metropolfs, all, save one, beii-g
completed and occupied. The first,
built in Spitaiields and completed
during the life-time of Mr. Peabody,
has ninco been followed by tut erec
tioo of niue others in various parts of
the city. Auother is now ia course of
bnildinr,and promises to be the Wgf
of alt, for it stands on five acres of
ground, and affoids a site for thirty -six
blocks. In the aggregate the popula
tion of Peabody's buildings is not less
than ten thousand persons. What he
population will be in tho course of
twenty years might be calculated by
an easy sum. The amount left by Mr.
Peabody, with the object of providing
'improved dwellings for the poor of
London, was $2,500,000. This is a
capital sum laid out in an investment
returning a certain moderate but safe
interest, which interest, as it accumu
lates, becomes available for the build
ing of dwellings; and theHe will them
selves, in the rungical manner peculiar
to compound inter tst.add further sums
to the capital. Each of the ten house
is a substantial building of twelve
blocks, and, taking the averae of four
in each family, will supply hous room
for about one thousand persons. In
each block there are twenty-two tene
ments, a few consisting of one rojm,
some of two, and many of three, but
each absolutely self-contained, and all
as private as need be. Each of the.
tenements is well provided with all
manner oi conveniences, xuere are a
few simple rules enforced ia the build
ings, but they are designed 6imply in
the interests of order and cleanliness,
and for the general good of the little
community. Peabody's buildings
never have any empty rooms. At the
present moment the one on South wark
street has upon its books three hun
dred applicants over and above the
available accommodation. The tenants
are strictly of the laboring classes, it
being an unpiinted rule of the place
that no man earning morethau twenty
iive, or at most thirty, shillings a week
is eligible for admission. Nothing
else is required of an incoming tenant
further than a voucher of his respecta
bility, generally sought at the hands of
his employer.
Madame .Jarranschek has been having
a hard time of it in Austrialia. It ap.
pears that she made a contract for a
six weeks' engagement at Sidney, at
the theatre of which James Allison is
manager. She played twice, when she
took a terrible cold and became ill.
With her usual spirit she insisted, on
playing, until she fainted on the stage.
Then she was forced to take to her
bed. Then Allison sued for $3,000
damages, and a drunk .-n agent whom
they had discharged also sued them
for a like amount. Allison's suit was
brought against her manager. Pilot, as
the Madamt's husband (which he
doesn't happen to be), by a mi -take.
It now became necessary for Pilot to
put up cash security, but it happened,
unfortunately, that they had not taken
any large sum from this country.
What she made in America in the last
tour she had invested in bonds and de
posited here. So it became necessary
to put up some of her magnificent
jewels as collaterals, which she did, in
order to keep Pilot out of prison.
The arrest was in October, and the
trial was aet for November. They
went to Melbourne, and did roorly i
there, and, when Pilot returned to Sid
naj, he was horrified to find that Alii
son had procmred a continuance of the
ca.se to this month, and had then left
for the United States. As it was nee
essary now for tbe Madame to go to
Europe, and as the only bail they
could give was one of cash or jeweli-
Pilot concluded, in order to save the
,000, to surrender himself to the
sheriff. This he d'd. after arrmging
for the Madame's departure for Lon
don. She will probably reach London
at the end of thi. moutb, and will then
go direct to her villa at Darm3tadt. In
the meantime, Pilot remains a prisoner
at Sidney until the set day for his trial.
The Lippiucotts will soon publish a
life of Stonewall Jackson, from the pen
of Miss S. N. Randolph, of Virginia.
Mrs. Jackson nas assisted Miss It. in
furnishing biographical material, and
the work will, doubtless, be the best
yet given to the public, relative to the
life of this Christian soldier and pat
riot. Afliinistrator's Ho lice.
J etitat ol tho la'e M AKY J. PHIOK b&v
lu. been granted tut underfignej by the
Judge of r htaj !' tbe County of New wauo.
ver, all ersens having cUun against said de
cedent are ht-rebr nutiS. to exhibit the asm
to the nnjer.igue on or betoie tbe 12c.ldayof
January. A. i , 1ST7 , . J. K. BROWN,. .,
Wilmington, Jan. 13 w-6w :
Ammoniated Bone IPliospliate.
Is now offered again for sale, and we call the attention of the Planters t
the same. The Manufacturers wid keep a stock in Wil
mington with us aud we are in a
position to make
Liberal rX'orms of Settlement.
Never a Complaint Made as to Its Good Qualities.
Apply for Pamphlets and Prices to
The past year Las everywhere
As a
It has no superior. Its merits have been recognized by the best farmers of
every section ol the country. Iu North Carolina and the adjacent
States it has always stood very high, aud on
And other staples it has largely increased the growth aud enriched the soil
We haee sold this celebrated manure for several years with unbounded
confidence iu its value; aud we again offer it as one of the
Be Sure -to Ask for
JJsTa.n-u.fa.ot.Tirer's Agents.
MARRIED PECLE-ew Invention.
Juki tiL yuik iut Ke.i ibl and 1'urnli.e,
M -die' I on receipt of 75 co. Address Dr MOS
M A N & O'J, taiddlFtown, ft.
bowing how either sex inty fas-cinat - anrl gain
the -oye and Allection ot any person they cV'Oosi;
insantl. , 400 ;8K8 By mall v cnta. Hunt
& Co., 139 s. lib Street, t UtUdelphK, P.
Agents Vi anted tor th Great
TOO nges,low prif-s,qiTick sile-, ictra termo.
r W ZlKULtK JS Uo,5S Ann St. Phil., Pa.
A new Book,43 pages, con ainin 14 ergrav. c:
lliust'ati ns w th itiI.til: .man for stn k snefi-
lators. Price in cents by ..ail. TtJMBKIDGK
Si KJO, Hanker n.! Broker, 2 Wal. N Y.
IVf.AU! "flUill lilUIll
Fnct." A tre ttise on the
causes, histor?. i nre oiid
prt-v- nrten ofPil-s. Pub-
iishe t hy p Nm teailter&
Oo,i6 Walke- streef.New
ork. sent FUSE to Kll
nirts of the United States
uii receipt oi a letter stamp
Aohktb for the be t selling Sta
tionery Packr.ces in tue world.
It contains hftecn sheets of veiie--, fifteen
Envelope, e-'lden Pen, Pen-holler, Pencil,
Patent Yard, Measure, nn l a piece of Jeweiiy,
Single package, with pair ofeivgaut jrold st e
Sleeve Buttons, port diM, 25 c!s. Stor 1. The
package has been examined hy the publisher of
i hk ejoir &KAL ana ioniiu us repres" n'c (-woi th
toe money. aU'hes ieu away to ! gents.
ircu"ars I'ee.
KRI DE & no, 769 Broad war, New York.
And All Throat Diseases,
Veterinary Practice.
works on tht subject, glTing con i.e and
piwiniy ritten Inst' uctions tor tho treatment
of all crJmwv m m n-s of all ' omestic Ani
mals, are constantly kept in sfrck, toeelht'r
with appropriate Medicine Chests. These books
are sp cially written tor tne ' armeir, Stock
Raiser or Livery Stabh-mcn's nee, avoiding as
tar as ros-ible. all technicle terinp. For des
criptive Price List send stamp to the
Baltimore Homeopathic Pharmacy,
135 West Fayelte street,
fbl-4w BOEK1CKE & T4FEU, Proprietors.
$1,200 PBOPir ON $100
Made any day in Puts and Oilis. Invest ac
cording to your means 10, f0 or IOO m
Stock Prlvliegrs, hai hioaut a unali fortnnr
to the careful investor. We a lvisi- when and
tow to operate safely. Book with full irfor
ma'ion sent free. Address r.1rs hy nail aEd
telegraph t. BAXTER & CO. -
tebl lyj Brokers ana Haulers, 17 Wl sr. s v.
The balance of ourJStock of
?e will ofl'er at;
Likewise our Stock at
A full 8irt,meni on hand of
Jtxir t riiljjj-csss,
,l?ovrloi Flasks,
lie Best MonseMflOil mine World
Warranted 130 Oe;rei Fire Test
Endorsed by the Fire Insurance Oompaniet.
JO" Kead the following enrtizcate. selected
from many others.
Howard Firs Ims. Co: o B altihobb,
December 83, 1S74. J
ileitrt. C- WettSt Son: Gentlemen Havins
mi the Triou oils fold n rhis city fcr illumi-
nating pnrpoees. I take pleasure in recom
mending year "Aladdin Security" asthe aafe&t
and beet ever need in oar household. Yours
ANPitEW KEESE, Pres't.
Ask your Storekeeper for it.
Wholesale Depot. C: WEST ASONs-
' 1 13 , 115 W . Lombard Street, Baltimore
ep laod 6m
TiTT Tf! Pi
llil ill!
to the great reputation of this renowned
crop producer and
Sugar House Molasses.
250 Hhds and Bbls S.
For 84 le bv
4,000 Bushels Corn;
For gale by
Bacon, Salt and Flour.
75 Boxes D. S. Sides atd Shoulders;
25 Boxes Smoked Sides and Shoul
ders; 4..QP0 Sacks Salt;
GOO Bbls Flour;
For tale by
Soap, Nails, Candles. M &c.
150 Boxes Soap;
200 Kegs Nails;
100 Boxes Candles;
250 Bags ShQt;
Lye, Potath, Candy,
For Sale by
5( 0 Ton Peruvian Guano;
300 Tons Eureka Gnano;
10,000 Bushels Prime White Corn:
300 Bbls Planting Potatoes;
300 Bbls Sugar, all grades;
150 Boxes Laundry and Toilet Soup;
200 Bags Coffee;
800 Bbls Flour;
250 Boxes Candles;
00 Kogs Nails;
50 Boxes Cheese;
10 ) Bbls and Box. s Crackers;
For s le by
Molasses, Molasses.
200 Hhd- New Crop Cuba Molatees;
100 Bbls New Crop Cuba Molasses;
25 Tea Nt w Crop Cuba Molasses;
50 I'uucheons EDglifch Island Mo
liisses; 100 Bbla 8. BT. Syrup;
25 Hhds S. H. Syrup;
For Bale by
feb2) tf
Ecru ieck-Ties,
Exchange Corner.
AtReduced Prices-
feb'20 tf
of any
respondence nYiNM i i the Kiiir"i-h nt loreign
iHtitiuatr--, with InrentoTS. auoiiicjp at trf"'
hire ti.l fhel- .-ae- rcie t-d in lhe h-nda or
nl oMier :iritorr, 8;ec!ailv wan imo
0'hr t"rnv. In mjecttd c( mr fees are
rpa)iiah -. m:ii uu chree is nia'e nnlesswe
nre snccesflui.
you want a patent,
Bpnrl ur a model or
sketch and a full des
cription of your Inven
tion. We will rn&ke an examination at tbe
tion. We will it
Patent Offiee, an
will send you pap
Patent Offipp anrl if w think it ixwentai"0
will send you papers and advice, and" prosecute
your case, urn-1
vour case i inr te In oroinarv caee -
ral or written in
all matter reiai-
ing to Patents.Pat-
eiit 1-rSW, tXC.,
Referenoef lion M D 1-eeeett, ei-Ccmmi-
ioner ol" Patents, Cleveland. hio ; O H Kel-
lair fiaitaiv fir thn "Va.tmr.ftl Grange.
Lotiicville, Ky.; Hoa Jas Oaey, lte Chief
Jus'iee U S k)urt of Olaiuif, Wahington.
-.-end M snip lor our -Gui;e for Obtaining
Patents," a b-ok of fit! paeei".
Ai.dref I.OUIS BAUCEH & CO., Soli
citor of Patents, Washington, D. O. jan3tr
Ivinjr on Duff's Creek, in Kockfish towrfhlp,
near KocuHsh : open land enough to make one
hundred birred ot" corn a year ; the farm is
in fl o.-der; - marl bed extern "ip ove' ten
or tifen seres through tha middle of in
'"arm. and pretty (rood bn-!ding- ro efdea
thren. Tho marl Is b.ttor thi ie
manure or cotton seed This trek6f ana w
lour an i Mi, -half ml'es off tbe Drplin r-o
and three ml'es oft' T aihey's Depot, on tne
west ride or tte railroad.
febl Bditwitt JACOB T. YOUNG-
. H W W

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