THE WILMINGTON JOURNAL
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DAILY AND WIjvx,
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lorruNALia maneu 10 u
nt SIX ltOI.LAKS
CT for three month; . Cins !
asiioru-i ...aiar n1 ViM
Journal Ht '- -
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One l'lHiar 101 r. j
TBE GRAND nATlfliAuun fflt.M
IHG IN WILMINGTON.
rl,K idsiiiw reKrAWiwJiH.
VIII ' "" J
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OF I HE
1, IMIKNMKNT, VrF.
I lie IT.
DAN'L (i. FOVVIjFj'H SPEECJI1
Democrats ami Conservatives
' 1 I t. A I. . )
lull OlOUlll IIIIMUXI'IVH
' , . .f il..
l;t-t inc. in- 1,1 11 j?,,t,, riiuv
;inner which mo party
K.iicih and lit St Ijouis.
no laggards to be Been
aspect of the weather
wcare-ely a white voter
to he fount iu OITy ttiinuuguiii
who was not one of the i umber that
swelled itfdf into an immense gather
um Hroiiinl the speaker' stand which
hail leen eri-cted on Third street to
participate in Mm grand ratification of
tint action f the Democratic Conven
tions Avliieh had made T.Iden and
Vauce the standardibearers of the
Democratic party in the present politi
The several committees of arrange
a j r t i r . i
ments t nd performed their parts well,
null tliere was nothing left undone that
could contribute to the success of the
occasion. A large elevated stand,
capable of containing several huu
.Ireil people, had been erected on
Third between Dock and Orange
.streets. This was beautifully deoo
' rated with United States Hags, Chinese
lanterns and flowers, and on it the
President, Vice 'residents and Secre
taries, the speaker and others were to
he Heated. The double rows of shade
trees that stretch up the street in front
of the stand were hung with lanterns,
and on the right of this principal stand
was one erected to accommodate the
Cornet Concert Club.
ThedifTereut ward clubs assembled at
their several places of rendezvous, and
utter tho lino was completed on Prin
cess street at tho court house, the pro
cession moved down that street to
Second, whore tho speaker of the
occasion Hon. Daniel (. Fowle, to
gether with the Hon. Geo. Davis, the
President of the meeting, and other
gentlemen in a carriage joined the
line. At tin's point, those who had not
before known the strength which the
different wards were able to turn out,
nor the extent of the preparations
which had been made for the occasion,
were surprised to see the magnificent
proportions of the procession, and the
groat number of flambeaux, banners,
and transparencies which it bore.
Col. Jioger Moore, Chief Marshal,
aided by a number of Assist
ants, then directed tho march
f the procession to tho stand above
referred to. When it had marched
down Second street toMarket and up
Market to Third, the weather being so
unfavorable it was thought best to
hold the meeting in the City Hail, aud
ho tho march was turned in that direc
tion, but when the head of the line
had reached that locality it was thought
that the hall would not contain the
vast crowd, and ere one half of the
line had turned out of Market street it
was determined to hold the meeting in
the open air at the place first appoint
ed, rain or no rain, so great was the
enthusiasm of the crowd that no one
oired whether the rain would drench
liim or not. Owing to the delay which
win thus occasioned the officers of the
meeting and the speaker of the occasion
lid not tako their places on the stand
until H;?,0 o'clock. Everywhere, dur
ing tho time of the uncertainty as to
where the assemblage would be ad
d reused, throngs of eager counton
Jiiieen might be seen by the glare of
the flambeaux, in crowds on the side
walks, auxionsly enquiring whithor
they should goto "the City Hall or
to the stand. Old men, and even
liidioH, with coats andj umbrellas in
their hands for protection against rain
should it fall, were seen to be no less
inxious than the young and the strong.
Arriving at t hosta id, the procession
was marshaled in front nnd on the
sides of it, the several Ward Clubs
occupying the positions assigned to
aim. Tho stand was occupied by
:he speaker and the following officers:
'rr.?t.(lcttt Hon. George Davis.
lice J'residi tits J)r A J DoRosset,
I C Millis, Dr E A Anderson, Hon
Hugh Waddell, Gen Jos Murphy, John
Oolville. Alfred Martin, Dr H F
b'ohb, Fred Uheinstein. W D Mahu,
II Vollers, John D L,ove, T W Flayer,
II Sehulken, A n VanBokkelen, A D
Urown, Alfred Alderman, Dr J D BeU
amy, O I Moares, John Dawson,
laeob Loeb, llobert Strange, II R
Filers, Hon 11 S French, John Mc
uauriu, Goo Harris, A Wronski, Capt
I N Maffitt. S D Walla-e, John F
Jeorge, I 11 Grainger, A A Moseley,
I II Cnrrie, II J Jacobs, W It Kenan,
T McD French. Dr W E Freeman,
Hlavton Giles. F W Kerohner. G WT
Williams, John F Divine. Tl E Heide,
Wm A Wrieht. M M Katz. Col J It
Davis, Dr W G Thomas. Wra A Cum
niing. Wm Li Smith, O G Parsley, Jr.
B G Worth. E D Hall. L, B nuggins.
It M Williams. II VonGlahn. W L.
Secretaries James Sprunt, W H
Bernard. Jas W King, Wilkes Morris,
U H King, WTm Calder. Robert Orrell,
O A Wiggins, John C Koch.
Mr. C. II. Robinson, chairman of
the (Jity Executive Committee, an
nounced to the crowd that a gentleman
whom they all delighted to honor had
been selected to preside on the occa
sion, and that it remained for him only
to mention his name
THE nON GEO ROE DAVIS.
Mr. Davis on taking the chair was
greeted with a round of npplaso and
addressed the audience for the space
of fifteen or twenty minutes in his own
He was glad to meet his follow citi
zens here to-night, glad to see the de
termination which they exhibited in
their countenances to enter the nres-
campaign to exert their utmost
strength and influence in the
effort to aid in bringing the country
back to its old purity and honesty.
There was a great upheaval of the
honest people all over the land, and it
reminded him of the great upheaval of
1840. Mr. Davis then poieted to the
history of the Radical party of the
past eight years, the false promises
which its great leader made when he
was elected the first- time, only to bo
afterwarda broken. The famous sen
tence uttered by Grant, "Let uahave
peace," was compared with his acts of
diabolical hatred and enmitv for the
South. The country had had o ght
years of peace, but it was nuch a peace
as Grant had given, sm;h a peace as no
other man would o con hi triv.
It was a peace in which distress ami
ruin were to bo seen every where, labor
seeking for employment and capital
niaing itself. Where pence and plenty
once reallv were, thev had made a
wilderness and called that im-iboo.
Mr. Davis, after showing that all the
promises of the Radical party had
been broken, disclosed tho absurd it v
of the idea which the leaders of that
party were endeavoring to impress
uttou the countrv that it was the imrtv
of Reform. They acknowledged that
reform in th- government and in gov
eminent officials was jiecesaarv. but
claimed that this reform must bo
brought about by the Republican
party. In the face of these promises
of peace and reform he only desired to
call attention to the report recently made
y Wonator lioutwell, as chairman of
the Senate committee on tho condition
of affairs in the State of Mississippi,
wherein it was boldly proclaimed to
the world to ba the policy of the Re -
publican party to reduce the States of
the Mouth to a territorial condition.
until her people should bo educated to
adopt the Kudical opinions which ho
and his party held. The Radical of
hoeholders were glutted with their
sordid gain and debanchod with the
ust of power, and yet they wanted the
country to believe that thev favored
reform and a return to honesty and
good government, provided they were
su tiered to remain in power and be the
reformers. Do you reform a drunkard
by giving him more whiskev? Do you
. A. til rt l -
pm out toe nro oy pouring on more
oil, r-,top the flight of the eagle by
lengthening his wings ?
Ibis short effort of Mr. Davis' was
interrupte d by frequent and enthusi
i - 1 .
nunc appiause, an 1 we convey no im
pression of its telling effect upon tho
audience, by the above very imperfect
outline 01 a few of its points.
I he president having taken the
chair, Captain William M. Parker
moved that a committee of nine be
appointed to draft resolutions for the
consideration of the meeting. The
motion was oarried, and the following
gentlemen were appointed a committee
Colonels William L. Saunders, John
W. Atkinson ;Messrs. William n. Ber
nard, P. Heinsberger, John London,
Walker Meares, Robert S. Radoliffe;
Major James Reilly and Mr. II. Vol
lers. Col. Saunders as chairman of the
committee reported the following, John
London, iiisq,, acting as reador of the
Your committee in discharge of the
duty assigned to it beg leave respect
fully to report the following declara
tion as expressivo of the views of the
members of the Conservative Demo
cratic party of the city of Wilmiugton
here assembled, and do unanimouslj'
recommend its adoption:
1. That we congratulate all lovers of
good government in every section and
of every race upon the near approach
of the day of our redemption from the
oppression and misrule that have so
long afflicted us.
2. That the nomination of Samuel
J. Tihlen of New York as the candis
dato of our party for the presidency
of the United States meets our most
cordial approbation and will receive
our warmest support, not merely be
cause it is a sure presago of victory,
but because it is also an earnest of
that reform in the administration of
the government of the country that its
peace and prosperity so imperatively
3. That recognising in Thomas A.
Hendricks of Indiana one of the ablest
and purest of Americin statesmen.
we regard his acceptance of the second
position on our national ticket, when
he was so well worthy to fill the first,
as a crowning proof of that disinter
ested patriotism that has ever marked
t. That the nomination of Zebu
Ion P.. Vance and of the other candidates
on our State ticket has not only
satisfied the enthusiastic desires
of tho peoplo in every section of
the State to an unprecedented degree,
but has fdso secured tho approval of
their calmer judgment, and that on this
occasion we remember with especial
pleasure the recognition of the merits
of our esteemed fellow citizen Major
.Joseph A. Engelhard, by his selection
as the candidate of our party for tho
office of Secretary of State.
5. That in the nomination of Hon.
Alfred M. Waddell as our standard
bearer, for the fourth time, in this Con
gressional District, a deserved compli-i
ment was paid to a faithful pubiio
servant who, in the Halls of Congress
as well as in the walks of private life,
has ever proved himself worthy of the
great confidence his constituents have
ho freely pluced in him.
fi. That we do hereby declare, in the
most emphatic manner, our most earn
est desire for the ratification of the
amendments proposed to tho wretched
Oanby Constitution and now pending
before tho people; and that we do
hereby reiterate the endorsement of
those amendments so cordially givou
by our party in every section of the
State through its delegates in Conven
tion assembled; and thai we do hereby
repeat the earnest recommendation in
their favor made by that body to the
7. That we deuonneeas absurd.as un
constitutional and as subversive of
every principle of law and liberty the
theory of the Radical party that there
is no power under the Constitution of
North Carolina to prevent or to resist
the usurpations of the Governor who
mav choose to bring a military force
into active service, even though it
be in admitted violation of the law of
8. That wo denounce the allegation of
Judge Settle and the other Judges of the
Supreme Court that tho power of the
judioiary had been exhausted, as a
fimsy and unworthy pretext for
their refusal to interpose the strong
arm of the law between Governor
nolden and outraged citizeas of the
State then sweltering in vile dungeons
in mid-summer's heat and in hourly dan
ger of their lives from Kirk's cut throats;
and while we shall never cease to
honor and praise that truly fearless
and upright Judge, Hon. Geo. W.
Brooks, for his manly and decisive
vindication of the law of the State
whereby, those citizens were at once
restored to liberty and saved from trial
and death by drum-head court martial
we are profoundly humiliated by the
remembrance "that citizens of North
Carolina should be forced by despair
to appeal from Judges of North Caro
lina to a Judge of the United States to
secure to them the rights guaranteed
to them by the Constitution and law3
of North Carolina.
9. That in the recent selection by
the Radical party of ex Governor
William W. Iloldon as a mem
ber of its chief Executive Com
mittee aud one of its honored
ohief advisers, a man incapable, by
sentence of law, upholding oven the
meanest office- in tho State because of
his part in that ermd ,ind shocking
drr.ma commonly called the Kirk war;
in the appointment of John Pool, infa
mous and odious in tho sight of all
good men and trii' to office of the Su
perintendent of Public Instruction, the
man whose scheming brain devised that
war; in the nomination of one Iiindway
an a candidate for Cougress in the
First District, the mail who was re
commended for high military position
in that war for the reason that he
would "lose" priso-i.Ts if thy b came
troublesome; in the nomination of
Stephen A. Douglas as a candidate for
Elector in tho Fifth Congressional
District, a man who, like Lindsay, first
became notorious in that war, aud
lautiy the nomination of Thomas
Settle as its candidate, for Gov
ernor, the man who, during
that war and while a sworn .Judge
on the bench, so substantially sus
tained Holdon in overturning th.i
Constitution and laws of the State,
aud imprisoning her peaceful citizens
preparatory to their being tried and
shot by drum-head court martial; in
all these things, wo say, the Radical
party gives indisputable proof that it
is still fatally bent on mischief to the
liberties of our people, and gives still
further occasion for renewed distrust
and increased abhorrence of its
men and its measures, for the
reason that the very existence of the
liberty of the citizen depends upon
the maintenance inviolate of the privi
leges of the great writ of Hubeas
10. That the attempt of his Radical
opponent Thomas Settle, Esq., to in
jure Governor Vance by exhibiting
under the seal of the Federal Gov
ernment garbled letters of Governor
V ince to which ho himself had been
denied acoess,des rvos and will receive
the severest condemnation of all rigid
thinking men everywhere, as an unfair
and unworthy partisan trick.
During ;the reading of the resoln
tions several ballooue with lautfrns
weie sent up over tho stand and as the
resolutions were one after another read
they were received with hearty ap
The President then put the question.
shall tho resolutions be adopted. A
unanimous and vehement "aye" rose
up from the vast crowd as one voice,
whereupon the President remarked
that there was no necessity for putting
r Mr. Davis then in a ifew iointed re
marks introduced the chosen speaker
of the evening, the
nON. DANTETj O. FOWIiK
of Raleigh, who took the elevated
platform on the stand amidst the most
enthusiastic cheering and applause.
1 he reporter took full notes of Judge
Fowle's speech, but he finds it impos
sible, even with their assistance, to
convey anything like a just impression
of the character or matter of one of the
ablest efforts ever made in Wilming
ton or in North Carolina. Those who
heard this remarkable speech last
night cannot fail to carry with them
through life a most vivid and lasting
recollection of it. The vast and
enthusiastic audience had assembled
with the expectation that in order to
hoar Judge Fowle, they would in all
probability have to suffer tho diseora -
fort of being drenohed in a soaking
rain, but no inten.se was their anxiety
that they were perfectly willing to un
dergo this inconvenience to have the
pleasure of hearing him. And they
were not disappointed. For two hours
and a half the orator held his audience
standing in front of and around him,
at night and in a drizzling rain, their
attention enchained to the line of
thought as it fell from his lips. There
were several gentlemen present who
lad heard Judge Fowle's speech in
Raleigh, a speech which has perhaps
creatoj a more profound impression
than any speech ever delivered in North
Carolina, and these gentlemen ex
pressed the decided conviction that
his effort last night fur excelled his
Raleigh effort. It wr.s indeed a re
markable speech remarkable for its
broad, conservativo'vinws, for its sound,
unanswerable logic, for it- intense
passion, its classic tone, and its spleif-
did exhibition of tho powers of oratory.
Occasionally the orator would illus
trate and enforce his points by apt and
chaste anecdote, diffusing, as Burke
would say, "gayoty over tho serene
brow of moral freedom."
When he drew tho picture of the
two political parties entering the field
under their respective loaders and re
spective flags, the one flag being tho
"bloody shirt, and the other tho en
sign of ''peace, there was no one
present wfio did not realize tho fact
that the shining influences of the latter
would be more powerful in the contest
than the despotic might of the other.
When ho described the efforts that
the National Government had made
and continued to make fo give en
couragement to those who unnually
strew flowers over the graves of the
Federal dead who fell to perpetuate
the Union, and the sad pleasure which
Southern hearts experienced whilst
decorating the last resting places of
the dead Confederates who died in a
cause that tney neui ro oe jusi ana
holy, he expressed the hope that the
time would speedily come when a last
ing and genuine place should be estab
lished, when the offerings of the two
sections should be twined together in
one unseparated tribute to valor and
This disctiption of Gov. Vance's de
votion to civil liberty during the course
of the war. aud the picture he drew
of him as protecting the rights of the
citizen and upholding the majesty or
the law in a time of revolution, placed
our candidate for Governor in a light
before the speaker's audience which .
brought from them round after round
of applause. The masterly handling
of Judge Settle's claims upon the suf
frages of the people of North Carolina
was a piece of the most scathing invec
tive that ever emenated from human
lips. Judge Settle's official conduct
on the Supreme Court Bench dur
ing the terrible Holden-Kirk war was
compared with tho lofty unyielding
unimpeachable integrity of Jndge
Brooks during the same trying period,
and when he contrasted the supple
subserviency and grovelling timidity
of the one, to the manly and conscien
tious course of the other, there was no
one present in that vast crowd of last
evening, not even excepting the ne
groes, who did not glory in Judge
Btooks . and feel a sovereign contempt
for Judge Settle. 1 ;
The hour at which the speaking
closed was so late that we cannot give
anything like even a description the
one half of that part of Judge Fov.les
speech which bore upon the State can
vass, to, say nothing of that part
which related to the., national
WILMINGTON, N. C,
campaign It is possible we m.iy refer
to our notes A a future time.
The marked attention which was
paid to this spoech throughout, and
the loud and enthuKiastic applause
with which it was continually inter
rupted by one of tho largest and most
intelligent audiences ever assembled
in Wilmington, is the very unmistak
able evidence of the very high appre
ciation in which our people held it.
This interest was iotfiisiiiod as the
speaker progressed, and for tho last
nour, the audience remained so en
tirely quiet thai it could nofc have been
told, without looking to see, whether
they were still remaining or had gone
to their respective homes.
At the conclusion of the speech Col.
J. W. Atkinson ruovod that a vote of
thanks be tendered Judge Fowle for
his ablo and eloquent effort.
Thequestion was put and carried with
a will. Mr. Davi-, addressing Judge
Fowle, "Said: "In the name of this peo
ple. I thank you."
On tho motion of Mr. StrAiiss the
crowd, led by tho president of the
meeting, gave threo rousing cheers for
Honorable Daniel G. Fowle, after
which the meeting ndjonrnrd, and he
was escorti-d bnck to his hotel to the
tune of "Dixie," played by the Cornet
Tho Grad Ratification Meeting will
bo long remembered by all who wero
present, as being one of the most suc
cessful and enthusiastic political gath
erings evei assembled in Wilmington.
For the Journal.
'I ln Opening- int In fender.
Mr. Editor: The largest and most
enthusiastic democratic meeting held
here since the war convened to-day.
It was a grand rallj, and the unity
and enthusiasm were such as to pro-.
ouoe expressions of joy and enthusi
asm. It is truly gratifying to note the
upiisingof thepeople and the'patriotic
zeal moving them. Tho Tilden and
Vance Club of this place are the au
thors of this happy omen vof demo
cratic success, and more than this will
be accomplished by these gentlemen
of energy and work.
The proceedings of the day were
opened by a salute from a noisy little
gun, the "little Disks." Its operations
are a departure from the coarse of its
energetic name-sake, whose lungs are
not quite so strong, but whose work
and exertions are more effectual, and
which rarely result in smoke and
noise. There runs up to the top of a
one hundred and seven-foot pole
a magnificent Tilden and Vance
1 flag, having inscribed on it the
names of our noble candidates and the
watchword Reform. Dr. Lucas, tho
energetic president of tho club, now
introduces Maj. C. W. McCiammy. It
waR a fine effort ; like Fowle at Ral
eigh, he excelled himself, and with
telling effect, dwelt upon those great
principles of reform which this county
now so much needs.
He began by tracing the origin, his
tory and career of the republican par
ty. Exposing at every turn its venali
ty and corruption, and tho shame, ty
ranny and corruption its god-forsaken
members havo inflicted upon the
Southern States and the general gov
ernment. It was no mere play of
words ; ho justified himself at every
step with indisputable facts and
figures producing an impression
awakeniug in its nature and impressive
upon the hearts of his hearers. It was
Hannibal talking of war. Right nobly
did he tell us of the issues at stake and
their great importance; the audience
endorsed it and you will find it so.
Speaking of national matters he gave
us the following figures to show to
what extent tho Southern States had
been imposed upon by tyrannical, cor
rupt governments :
Alabama Debts and liabilities at
close of war, 5,930,65-1 87; debts and
liabilities January 1st, 1872, 38,381,
OfW 35 32,112.312 50.
Arkansas- Debts and liabilities at
close of war, 4,03",952 75; debts nnd
liabilities January 1st, 1872, tflO VCi,
205 62 -15,721 312 75.
Florida Debts and liabilities at
close of war, $221,000; debts and lia
bilities January 1st, 1872, 15,763,
147 D -15, 763,221) r4.
Georgia Debts and liabilities at
clone at war, nominal; debs and liabili
ties January 1st, 1872, 50,137,500.
Louisiana Debts and liabilities at
close of war, 10,000,074 31; debts and
liabilities Juno 1st, 1872, including
excess of expenditures over receipt.,
$50,540,206 61 $10. 111,132 57.
North Carolina Debts and liabili
ties at close of war, $0,600,500; debts
nnd liabilities January 1st, 1872, $34,
887,167 85 -$25, 187,067 85.
South Carolina Debts and liabili
ties at close of war, 5,000,000; debts
and liabilities January 1st, 1872, 39,
158.914 47 $31,151,914 47.
Mississippi Debts and liabilities at
close of war, nominal; debts and lia
bilities January 1st, 1872. $2,000,000.
Tennessee Debts and liabilities at
close of war, 20,105,603 CO; dobts and
liabilities January 1st, 1872, $45,688,
263 40 25.582.656 80.
Texas Debts and liabilities at close
of war, nominal; debts and liabilities
January 1st, 1872, 20,301,000.
Virginia Debts and liabilities at
close of war, 31,938,141 59; debts and
liabilities January 1st, 1872, 45,480,
542 21 $13,542,307 62.
Tho republican party, ho said, has
had exclusive control of tho govern
ment for the past eleven years and are
responsible for the present terrible
condition of the country the dirth of
busine-s, tho poverty at home and the
disgrace abrc ad. Then Hayes and
Wheeler came before the country enf
dorsing the corruption and thievery o
their party and then ask our honest
yeomanry to elect them for another
lease of power of fraud and oppression.
nis reference to our State affairs
was forcible aud eloquent. He con
trasted tho noble god-like defence of
Vance, of that great bulwark of Amer
ican liberty, the writ of habeas corpus,
with the willing obedience of Settle to
suspend this sacred right and place
the people at tho mercy of such
demons as Kirk. Settle, he said,
must have forgotten that the people
had turned their backs upon him for
his desertion of them in that hour of
trial, and the Major gave him the ap
propriate name of the "Kuight of No
Memory." Ho then took up the
amendments, and spoke of them as the
means of our bankrupt State regain
ing her former career of prosperity
We attempt no report of Maj. Mc
Clammy's speech. Adorned with his
usual pathos and vivacity of style, it
was at the same time impressive, pro
found and elcquent.
The people of Caswell township have
been aroused, they are still aroused and
will remain so till after tho election.
The club here now numbers some
thirtv names more than the democrat
ic votes cast here at the last election.
tteven white republicans who voted
with the nccrro partv at the last elec
tion are now members of the Tilden
and Vance Club. Tuey have washed
FRIDAY, AUGUST 18.
their hands of such dirt associates
and declared themselves to be gentle
men of principle. Thev have done
right and their friends rejoice. Isn'
this reform for one township? The
white men of Caswell township mean
business as they always do; they art
nobly doing their part, in the presen
Pt. Caswell, N. C, Aug. J, 1876.
For the Journal.
Mr. Editor: As the whole element
North, South, East and Went begins to
assume a political attitude and State by
State and county by countv is falling
into ranks, and doraoeraey is wafted on
every breeze that 1mow.- from whatever
dir etiou, tho disease really seems
catching. I havo never iu my life at
so early a stago of the campaign seen
Mich enthusiasmjas exists in the demo
cratic party. In counties and town
ships where heretofore not u gleam of
nope or the possibility of success ever
. 1 1. . - - -
oi-uuneu 10 ineir mimis. von can now
see the democratic banner spread to
the tireezf, and hear echoes of many
voices in loud and shrill tones vibrat
ing in the air for democracy. We
really think that this the Centennial
year of American Independence will
bring forth for the democratic party
the greatest and most glorious victory
ever known. And Pender county, not
tho least amongst the political galaxy,
has risen from the radical dust and
stands forth in democratic purity, and
asserts that in the next election she
will shine as brightly as any meteor in
the planets of North Carolina.
On the 27th of July the democracy
of Columbia township met at C. C.
Woodcock's store for the purpose of
forming a Tilden and Vance J ub.
The meeting was harmonious and re
sulted in fifty some odd names the
first day, with the assurance of all the
balance of the respectable men in the
township. We had on the occasion
tio able and eloquent addresses by
G. T. Walker and tint talented and
gifted son of Duplin, the Hon. J. D.
Stanford. Comment on the speeches
is unnecessary, as the public generally
understand the talent and ability of
the speakers. Tho watchwoid of the
club from now until the day of the
election is work and victory.
Aug. 7, 1876. Tar Heel
Duplin Record please copy.
From our Regular Correspondent.
Washington, Aug. 12.
We sing, in these centennial days,
the valorous deeds of our forefathers,
their sacrifices and their triumphs.
It has ever been a characteristic of
men and nations to ignore the present,
with its colossal heroes, with its exam
ples of toiling and enduring patriot
ism, aud to find iu the magnifying
haze of history their ideals and demi
gods. There have been many heroes
since Lieonidas, but none of them serve
so well to round a fourth of Jnly pero
ration; perhaps it is because none have
such vistas of antiquity to conceal
their defects and reverberate their
This is supnosod to be a "piping
time of peace;" but, it is a fact that
the country has an army (80,000 office
holders) and that it is fighting day
aud night for "tho party." Tho army
is in tho midst of a campaign, and
the rank and file, with a patriot
ism unequalled by anything in the
annals of the Revolution contribute
from their pay to purchase the muni
tions of war. Who will say these are
degenerate days, and that the sons are
not worthy of their sires ? It is a
spectacle that may bo seen of all gov
ernment employes after the arduous
labors of the day, after remaining six
hours in office, engaged mostly in
rending newspapers, talking politics,
and flirting with pretty female clerks,
will repair to campaign headquarters
at night and direct campaign docu
ments for two or three hours. They
are regularly organized aud drilled.
Each State is represented here by a
Republican campaign committee,
composed of clerks in the Executive
Department; they rent rooms and
meet at stated periods to direct cam
paign circulars; for the dissemination
of Radical virus. Many of these cir
culars '"are marked on the envelope,
"Hamburg Riot," "Part of the Con
gressional Record," "Froe." This is
why Congress "like a wounded suake
drags its slow length along" that
Morton, Boutwell and Conkling may
place stump speeches on the Record,
and that Chandler and Edmunds may
make excerpts for froe distribution
through the mails.
The Democratic Congress has said
in the legislative appropriation
bill that 165 of these party
patriots must be discharged iu
the next threo months, and Senator
Conkling and the Republican press
aro as indignant as partizans who
know the worth of salaried workers
wero expected to be.
Those acquainted with the idle loaf
ing lite 01 tno clerical mijifnmmi-111-ries,
can believe Senator Conkling
honest, only by presuming him ignor
ant, lie said when we remember that
wo are assured that the Treasury De
partment has of late been administered
with ability the high reformatory aim
of that administration, with an eye
single to economy, and with an earnest
effort for retrenchment, it was difficult
to accept a a fact the statement that
491 persons can summarily do with
drawn from the working force that
operates the department, and not ut-
. . . -. -r. 1 L..
terly cripple it. it was an uosuni 10
his mind, a it would have been after
. T. Stewart s death, had some one
attempted to piovo that the details of
his immense business couia nave oeeu
attended to by four-fifths of the force
which Mr. Stewart nimseu naa aeem-
It is a common remark among the
more intelligent clerks of the Execu
tive Department hero that A.. T. Stew
art could have carried on all the busi
ness of any department with one-third
the force how employed. Many clerks
are idle onedialf the time during office
hours, froni nine a. m. to three
p. m. idle, notwithstanding the
elaborately complicated systems that
hhve no merit in point of utility,
ar-d that seem to have been ingeniously
invented to keep up the illusion of em
ployment and to furnish sinecures for
political helpers. The House has had
a hard struggle to secure this small
economical reduction, and it is but an
earnest of what will be accomplished
when the departments shall have been
thoroughly reorganized and remodel-.
ed in the spirit and letter ot tne t.
Louis platform or civil service reform.
Then, instead of renting houses of
Boss Shepard for the accommodation
of superfluous desks and clerks. The
government may derive a revenue
from the rental of superfluous rooms
in the clerk crammed b iildings known
as the Interior and Treasury Depart
ments. 0. A. S.
01U NEW YORK LETTER-
New York, Aug. 12.
As the campaign progresses, the
events connected therewith seem to
have formed an alliw.ee in favor of
those who entertain the desire and the
purpose at purifying the fountain
whence flows the stream of public in
nnence and authority. Iu their first
engagement the opposing forces have
met, and, as the smoke clears away
from tho battlefield, the proud flag of
the Democracy is seen waving over
every citadel throughout the State of
Alabama. The success of their forces
in mat estate gives great encourage
ment to the friends of reform all
through the country, and nowhere
more significantly than in this section
The Republicans here are utterly
demoralized; they have lost faith 111
their general, and are deserting almost
by battalions; all notions of discipline
are utterly lost. The disappointment
of their leaders when theyreceived the
letters of Governors Iilden and Hen
Irioks was intense. They had dissem
inated amoi g their supporters the no
tion that the Democratic camp was di
vided, nnd they hoped that in these
letters they would find something by
which they could support these asso
ciations. They see nothing, however.
1 . ?1 A 1 1 .1 14
out evuienoe 01 me met that the can
didates and the whole party are unan
imous in their policy, and that the
measures which tfiey advocate are the
only safe and honest means of con
ducting the government of the country.
xne conclusion of the Alabama cam
paign is particularly distressing to
tnem. They have at length been
brought to see that they cannot con
tinue their outrages in the South with
out something like a pretext for their
high handed proceedings. The Presi
dent has signified his intention to send
the troops for the purpose of influenc
ing the election in that section, but
now every pretence for so doing is re
moved. It is by Republican roguery
that the deeds of violence, with the
records of which our ears are some
times assailed, are provoked. The
carpet bagging swindlers with whom
they have infested the whole region.to
fatten upon the proceeds of their rob
beries, have inflamed the breasts of
the people, as they would have done
those of the patriotic inhabitants of
any part 01 the world. But they did
not cause a rupture of the laws. As
this was the end desired, the public
money was used for the purpose of
employing the worst elements of both
races to commit outrages which would
cause horror in the minds of all who
should read of them. Then oonld the
troops be poured in and the whole re
gion rudneed to nilitary control.
These vile and devilish plans have
succeeded but too well. Now, how
ever, Alabama rentiers a true version
of the Southern tale. There is hence
forth no excuse for interfering in her
political affairs. Let alone, she proves
herself as peaceful and as loyal as
any portion of the national territory.
Black aud white aro alive to tho iniqui
ties which havo been practiced by
their Republican rulers towards them,
and have hence decided that they
will no longer trust them.
The result of this election, com
bined with the successes in Kentucky,
and the Indiana disposition of Mr.
Orth's caudidature for the Governor
ship, show them that tho advocates of
honesty are alive and at work all over
the land; the letters of acceptance
mako known their leaders as statesmen
whom they can trust; and the reduc
tion of $35,000,000 in the appropria
tions by Congress displays the interest
which they have in lightening the
burdens which they have to bear.
All things work together for good.
In the city the signs are increasing
that the people are entering earnestly
upon the work which is before them.
Tho number of political associations is
rapidly augmenting, and everywhere
great enthusiasm for Tilden and Hen
dricks prevails The National Com
mittees hold daily 'sessions, the Re
publican to take its share in healing
or in causing State disruptions, the
Democratic to vigorously pursue its
legitimate work. The residents .of
French nationality h-vo formed a
Democratic Union, and will, almost in
a solid body, support the St. Louis
ticket, while the Germans are greatly
encouraged by the letters of General
Sieel, and tho declarations of .Judges
Stallo and Goeppo, as well as those of
E. F. Hassaurek, the Hon. Gustav
Koevner and others, and they now
come boldly forth for the s-tme. . In
many other parts have Demooratic
campaign clubs been forned since I
wrote last, and in all there is great
enthusiasm for the well known Re
formers. riciiiin 1: or KKSHtcr.
WniTEVii.TiE, N. C, Aug. 7, 1876.
At a meeting of the Board of Com
missioners for Columbus eonnty, held
this day, the following preamble and
resolutions wero adopted:
Whereas, It has pleased God in His
wisdom to remove from us by the
hand of death our esteemed friend and
fellow citizen. James High, a worthy
and useful member of this board, a
Christian gentleman, upright in all the
walks of life; and whereas, while we
bow in humble submission to the de
cree of au Allwine Providence yet we
feel it a duty to place on record the
high esteem in which we will ever
hold the memory of our worthy com
peer in office; therefore
Jltsolvcd 1st, That in the death of
Mr. Higb the county has 1 st an hon
est and faithful servant, and an up
right and useful citizen.
. Jiesolvtd 'ld, That in tho life and
character of Mr.' High we behold the
just man aud point our rising genera
tion to bin example in 1 1 his relations
with his fellow men as one well worthy
Resolved M, That while with feel
ings of tendere3t sympathy we joiii in
the sorrows and share the grief of his
bereaved family, with them we share
the joyful hope that our loss is his
Jkcsolced Ath, That a copy of these
resolutions be spread upon the minutes
aud that the clerk furnish a copy to
he family of the deceased and a copy
to the Wilmington Jutjknai with a re
quest to publish.
O. II. PowFxii, Chairman.
J. WT. Council, Clerk.
From the Democratic State Platform.l
'Zcsolvcd, That v)c carneatlu and
cordially reco-nmend the adoption by
the. neoole of he amendments to the
Constitution irronoscd bu the conven
tion of 1875 and thus Idraely reduce
the expenditures of our Stale and
county governments and simplify their
administration, so that we may be
enabled to establish a thorough and
enlarged system of public schools for
the benefit of all the citizens of the
AATIOXAL DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM,
Adopted at SI. Louis, June s, i.s;t;
e, me delegates hi i ne i iimhixtsi ie x:
15 01 1 ne t Milieu .--raies, 111 national eon
veuuou asset amen, (in nereny ueei.tre ido
administration of the Federal Jowi niueiit
to be in urgent need ot immediate reform;
do hereby eiiioin upon the nominees of
this f'onvent ion. atnl nf the I eniopr:Ui
party in each State, a zealous eli.-ii nnd
co-operation to this end, and do hen lj
appeal to our fellow-citizens of every t'-n-
mer political connection to undertake will
us tins lirst and most pressing patriotic
uuty tor tlu Democracy ot the -.h
We do here reaffirm our faith in the or-
nianencv ot the b edei al I i.icii. our dei-
tion to the Constitution .f tho l-uited
States, with its amendment.-, universally
accppteii as a niuu setument ot the con
troversies that engendered the civil wai
and do here record o ir steadfast confidence
in tue perpetuity 01 republican seu-ovei n
ment : in an absolute aeoiiieseeuee in
the wilt of the majority, the iial princi
ple ot the lienublie; in the supremacy of
the civil over the military authority; in
tho total separation of Church and State
Tor the sake alike of civil and religious
freedom ; in the equality of all citizens b
lore nisi laws ot their own enactment: m
the liberty of individual conduct, unvexed
by sumptuary laws ; in the taithliii edu
ration 01 me rising leuerauon im mev
may preserve, enjoy and transmit thesi
best conditions of human happiness and
hope. We behold the noblest products of a
hundred yeais of changeful history: lut
while upholding the bond ot our Union
s.nd great charter of these our rights, it In
hooves a free people to practice also that
eternal vigilance wliich is the price of lib
THK NEED OP THE 1IOI R"
Ketorm is necessary to rebuild and
establish in the hearts of the whole people
the Union, eleven years ago happily res
cued from the danger of a corrupt central
ism, which, after inflicting upon ten States
the rapacity of carpetbag tyrannies, has
honeycombed the offices of the Federal
government itself with incapacity, waste
and fraud, infected States and munici
palities with the contagion of misrule, and
locked fast the property of an industrious
people in the paralysis of hard times.
Ketorm is necessary to est ablish a sound
currency, restore the public credit, and
maintain the national honor.
RADICAL FINANCE DENOUNCED.
We denounce the failure for all these
eleven years to make good the promise of
the legal tender notes, which are a chang
ing standard of value in the hands of Un
people, ami the non-payment of which is a
disregard ot the plighted faith ot ihc nation.
We denounce the improvidence which,
in eleven years of peace, has taken front
the people in Federal taxes thirteen times
the whole amount of the legal tender
notes, and squandered four t imes this sum
in useless expense, without, accumulating
any reserve for their redemption.
We denounce the financial imbecility of
that party which, during eleen y. vs of
peace, has made no advance toward re
sumption ; that, instead, has obstructed re
sumption by wasting our resources and
exhausting all our surplus income, and
while annually professing to intend a
speedy resumption to specie payment, has
annually enacted fresh hindrances thereto.
As such a hindrance we denounce the re
sumption clause of the act of 1875, and wo
here demand its repeal.
DEMOCRATIC FINANCE DEMANDED.
We demand a judicious system of pre
paration by public economies, by official
retrenchments and by wise finance, which
shall enable the nation to assure the whole
world of it.s perfect ability and perfect
readiness to meet any of its promises at
the call of t he creditor entitled to payment.
We believe such a system well devised, and
above all, entrusted to competent hands
for execution, creating a? no time an arti
ficial scarcity of currency, and at no t ime
alarming the public mind into tho with
drawal of that vast machinery of credit by
which 9r per cent, of all business transac
tions are performed a system open, public
and inspiring general confidence, would,
from the day of adoption, bring healing on
its wings to all our harassed industry, and
set in motion tho wheels of commeiee.
manufactures ami the mechanical aits ;
restore employment, to labor, and renew;
in all its national source, the prosperity of
REFOHM IN T.W VJ loX.
Reform is necessary iu the sum and
mode of Federal taxation so that capital
may lie set free from distrust and la
bor lightly burdened. We denounce
the present tarilf lev.ed uhhi nearly
five thousand articles :ls a master
piece of injustice, inequality and false
pretence. It yields a dwindling, not
a yearly rising revenue. It has inqiover
ished many industries to subsidize a few ;
it. prohibits imports that migh' purchase
the products of American labor; ii bis de
graded American commerce from the fust
to an inferior rank upon the high seas. It
has cut down the sales ot American manu
factures at home and abroad, and depleted
the return of American agriculture or in
dustry, followed by halt our people. It
costs the people live times more than it
produces to the treasury, olistructs the
processes of production, and wastes the
fruits H labor. It promotes fraud and
fosters smuggling, enriches dir.hoiie.st otli
cials and bankrupts honest inei chants. We
demand that all. customhouse taxation shall
lie only for revenue.
KETKENCH&IKNT IN KXPKNSKS.
Uefoi ni is necessary in the scale of pub
lic expense, Federal, State and municipal
out of Federal taxation has swollen from
fcW.OhO.OOO gold, iu to $I.M),HM),OUO,
currency, in isi'i. mr aggregate iaxa-
ion was from l4,Oou,(Mo, goH. m lsno
.0 $7:.0KMH), currency, in 17", or in
oneaecauc less man neaci to more
than $18 per head. Since the jioaee. the
ople have paid to their tax gatherers
uora than thrice the sum of the national
iebt, and more Uian twice that sum for
the Federal (iovermnent alone. We de-
maud a vigorous frugality iu every depart-
uent and from every officer of the gov
wastit of the iM iu.ic land.
Keform is necessary to put a stop to i'io
profligate wastes 01 tne punnc iihisuiiu
their diversion from settlers by the paity
in power ithich has squandered twohun-
lred millions ot acres upon railroads alone,
and out of more than thrice that aggregate
has disposed of less than a sixth directly
to tillers of the soil.
CHiUTI AN CITIZENS AND HEATHEN
Reform is necessary to correct the mis
takes of the Kopublican Congress and the
errors of our treaties, arl our diplomatic
relations which have stripped our adopted
citizens of foreign birth and kindred race
recrssing the Atlantic, ot the sim Id ot
American citizenship, ami have excised our
brethren of the Pacific coast to the incur-
moiis 01 a rare not sprung irom tne same
great parenl stock, and in fact now by law
denied citizi nship through nat.unilizalion,
eing nei . her accustomed to t he habits
of a progressive civilization, nor exercised
in liberty utiderequal laws. We denounce
the policy which thus discards the liberty
loving (iennan and tolerates the revival of
the. Coolie trade, in .-Mongolian w omen, im
ported far immoral purposes, aud Mongo
lian men lured to perform servile labor con
tracts, and demand such mouiucation ny
Concrress within a constitutional limita
tion, as shall prevent the further inqorta
tion or immigration of the Mongolian race..
REFORM IS THE CAMPAIGN ISMHE.
Reform Is necessary, and can never bo ef
fected but by making it the controlling issti
of the election, lifting it above the two false
issues with which the office-holding class
and the nartv in power seek to smottier it
The false issue with which they woule
enkindle sectarian strife in respect to thd
public schools, of which the establisluuent
and support belong exclusively to the sev
subscribers tindine a blue
this notice will understand thati
scription will eipiro in a tew days and they are
Ared-niark denotes that tlicir mibsrrii.i ion
CTinjaiuiiy icquenea m renew without iielstv.
alreatly expired, and nnl"wi we bear from them
immediately, we will be compelled to li
eral States, and which the Democratic par
ty has cherished from their foundation.
and resolved to maintain without narti-
zanry or preference for any class, sect or
Creed, aud without contributing from the
1'reasury to any the false issue bv which
they seek to light anew the dying embers
of sectional hatred between kindred peo
ple, once unnaturally estranged, but now
reunited in one indivisible Kcpuhlic and a
REFORM IV THE CIVir. SERVICE.
lieform is necessary in the civil service.
Experience proves th;l the ellleient, eco
iiomieal conduct of the governmental busi
ness is not possible if its civil service ho
subject fo change at evety election lie a
prize fought for at the hulloL'nov be a
brief reward of patty zeal, instead of posts
of honsr, assigned for proved competency
and held for fidelity in the public employ
ment. That the dispensing of patronage
should neither be a lax niton the time of
ill our public men, nor the instrument of
their ambition. Here ag:iin professions
falsified in the perfo! niance, attest that the
party in power can work out no practical or
KKFOI..M A.MONO Till". HIOIII.ST 11 nr.ic
Reform is necessary even ni ne in the
higher grades of public service President,
Vice President, .bulges, Senators, liopre-
sentatives, Cabinet officers. These offi
cers, and others in authority, are the peo
ple's servants. Their offices are not a pri
vate perouisite ; they are a public trust.
When the anuals of this Republic slum- the
disgrace and censure of a Vice President ;
a late Speaker ot the House ot I leptvsei da
tives maiket.ing his rulings as a presiding
ollieer : Lhcir friends profiling secretly by
their votes as lawmakers: five chairmen
of the leading committees of the late House
of Representatives exposed in jobbery; a
late Secretary of the Treasury forcing bal
ances in the public accounts; a late At
torney General misappropriating public
funds ; a Secretary of the Navy enriched or
enilching his friends by percentages levied
oll tlie profits of contractors it It his De
part nietit; au ambassador to Kngl.tnd cen
sured lor a ilishoi.orablc speculation; the
I 'resident's private secretary barely escap
ing com ictioii noon t rial lor liuiII v compb-
ity iu frauds upon the revenue; a Secre
tary of War impeached for high ciimes and
confessed misdemeanors the demonstra
tion is so complete thai the lirst. step in
reform must be by the M-oplo, or honest.
men from another party. The disease of
one political organization miosis the body
politic and t hereby making no change of
men or partj , we can get no change of
measures and no reforms.
RADICALS AND RADICALISM Ml ST UK
DIUVEN FROM POWER.
All these abuses, wrongs and crimes
the product ot the sixteen years
ascendancy of the Republican party
create a necessity for reform, con
fessed by Republicans themselves. Rut
their reformers are voted down iu con
vention and displaced from the Cabinet.
The mass of honest voters is powerless to
resist the eighty thousand ollice.-bolders
its leaders and guides.
Reform can only be hail by a peaceful,
civic revolution. Wo demand a change of
.system; a change of administration; a
change of parties that we may have a change
Platform of the Democratic Part in
North Carolina, adopted by Hie De
mocratic Stale Convent ion at Ra
leigh, on 11th June, isiC.
WiiKKKAS, The republican party ol
the United States, for tho last, sixteen
years, has had the complete control ot
the government in all its departments,
and by ils disregard of I 'oo-titutal
limitations; by its uiicijital and oppressive
taxation; by its extravagant and wasteful
exiH'iiditure.s, oy its univise. ami mischie
vous financial policy; by its olhcial corrup
tion pervading ail branches of adunuisf ra
tion has brought ihsg: a e upon our gov
ernment and unparalleled distress upon
our people: therefore
lii .sitlri d, 1. i hat in t ins centennial year
of cur existence, we. invite, all ii.i! riots to
ignore all dead issues, to disregard the. pre
judices engendered by past events, and t
uiiite with us iu theeti'ort to restore, a con
stitutional, honest, economical and pure
administration of" the govern met it, and thus:
promote the general welfare and happiness
of the country.
Jirsolced, -. That we earnestly and cor
lially recommend the adoption, by the
people, of the amendments to the Consti
tution proposed by t he Convention of 1S7.",
and thus largely reduce tLeextiendituies of
our Slate and county governments and
simplify their administration, so that we
may be enabled to establish a thorough
and enlarged system of public schools for
the benetit of all the citizens of Ihc Stab.
iiesitfceil That notwithstanding our
related disappointments and iiqoverisi
ed condition, we still cherish the North
aroliiia project, so long labored for by
Morehead, Saunders, Fisher, Win. H
Thomas and others, of unil ing Ihc harbors
of JJeaufort and Wilmington w ith the great
West; and for the completion of 1 he Wes
tern North Carolina Kaurnud to I'otnt kook
and Diicktown, and of our 01 her urdinish-
d railroads, we pledge Ihe continued use
f the convict labor of the State, nnd of
such other Judicious legislative aid as will
secure the Completion of these great. Slab;
works .at the earliest practical do period.
It'isnlcr.l I. That the people ot North
Carolina now have it in their power by au
earnest letsrmiiialoil and united eiiort,io
relieve 0111 people from the. evils of repub
lican misri.b', ext ravagance and coi nipt ion,
and restore the prosticrity of our State.
Itt-xitlrril That we denounce oilicial
coi nipt 1 on w hf - evci
found, and we hold
t and highest qualifi
honesty to It." tho fir-
cat ion for of lice.
National I.temocratlc Executive
. . Walter b. Rragg.
. .John T. Siiliitnei .
. V. MeCopin.
..R. M. Hugli.-s.
Wm. H. Rat -nuiii.
Kobinson lli Kin.tni.
. . Wilk Call.
. Coorge IJainex.
. M. M. ilam.i:
. ..I. K. Katon.
. 11.11. Mcllenrv.
. J!. T. .Jones.
. . . Edmund Wilson.
.-..Job . i. I'reoot.
. . Price..
. .K. 'fainter.
. . K. o.v. John Whiaki i.
. . le.bt. P. S. Keathing.
. .Ceo. b. Miller.
. M. W. Ra- soiu.
. ..W. I j. Ijochran.
. . . Abrain b. Hewett.
. ..Roiieit A. Coghill.
. A. M. Sullaway.
. . Nicholas Van Slack.
. ..W. R. Rate.
. ..lames II. I!u".
. .Thai I l-o l.dale.
. . .15. R. Sn. a! ley.
Colilie "t ii'ik
( leorgia. . . -
Indiana. . . .
Kentucky . .
( Iregon ........
New .lei so
f 1 1 i 1
Ohio John R
Pennsylvai :a. .
. Wm. L. Scott.
..Wm. V. Viles.
. K. S. StiK kd.tle.
Orders and Offers
UbHUTKI) fur Cotton Tin. Ment!-, I. iol,
Sugar, OottW-, CkiiiM.s, m. Mine. Sail, ..c.
Whom used freely.
JA- T. V K I T K V A V,
Broker and MantttuctnrerB Acut.
LOOK FOR THE
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