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Wilmington journal. (Wilmington, N.C.) 1844-1895, August 18, 1876, Image 4

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II
IX
lilmtntitoit Jmtrmil
TllTDAV, AUGUST 18, 1876.
fi i : r v t's itsi 'i' v.
The zertl and ability Mr. Battle dis
1)!:hs in flm discharge of his duties as
rrc si.l. nt of the University amply vin
dicate l!u si-h'ction of thn Trustees to fill
that diiUeult and delicate position.
Siicct'ss iii oiu-cnortK to buildup aUni
v,.ritr worthy of the State and ade
.pi tt..' inls f her opIe ir.ust,
liii,. i'i I..m tilings, be the re-
..... ,-t , .iici. hard hibor: and to
!h ion uui of which no
- v...,';7,. ;;.-, r: th?!!l himself, Mr.
!'. ;.! .- :;."; r- soiiif )y put his hand with
m i hhj. . t d' t"i -minntion thai therehhall
ri.i . I '11
M'l
r:;i! !ck. j nat ne win
. ..-.1 - t!-i' we shall have a North
;, i ii ! :tntio: in which ti. k'.h
N.i!h C'toliu t Ij.ivm and of which
H -d nsharid, w have no
i
v.e think Mr. Battle
... -
CS;
i-i a niathrd if'gree the
:jS inc. vxniy !'(r the position
M5' '
h; iI!:i. lie has tripio scholarly at-la-uiineids,
he in. i. r.i.n f untiring, in
l. i'at iablc. ijidii-rry, r-vjert in all
ciit'ii' i pfriainiti to linance, thor-
.i . i" i i . t I .
o.
t y V; -t ! m uie practical uhiriw
ic. Iinsi-iss r Hairs of everyday life,
-.-.'s:?ftd lawyer and a successful
a ::.
i';o i. i
main a hiition to all this Mr.
I'.,ti;i is fi.sseswd by a personal zeal
in.'! (I; voti n io tho ea.ine that literally
iIU!-: tho i t-k bi lori: him a labor of
!ov--. 'J'!.'.- alt!.iir.ii of his life, aud a
t! .:!; it v t is to build up a
. ; . u t . vs.: v. :-nd most earnestly
A i- v ;-!: l.i.'i; o l noeed in the good
)
t i i
f.i-.'i
th-, i
v.iii.
.-Hi
, ;;!io!i has l.t'c li mrecieu to
in vc rsily jur.t now by the recep-
i,i u privato letter from Mr. Bat-
i r.-f:.iiou to its afiairs, a portion of
!i vi; lake ihe liberty of giving to
ti.i; ;..d,!ic. We are especially gratified
to '.u.'i- th! eJlorts being made to de-
v !-o t!ic agn.Miit oral department into
its proo.'r proportion:-
North Cuoliiia may rest, nssnred that
'iiuhr its present management the
University will be ho conducted as to
afl'ord t.o the youth of the State the
best education at the h-ast possible cost.
It is a si. Hiding order of tho Trustees
tnat no worthy young man shall be
turned from tho doors of the Universi
ty for the want of means to pay his
tuition hies. The invitation to All is to
come. If they can pay their tuition
f.-rs so much t.iio better; if not, they are
still invited most cordially to avail
themselves of every advantage tho in
fst it .ut.ion affords.
Speaking of tho action of a commit
tee appointed to select a Hall of Phy
sum for Professor Redd, Mr. Battle
.says:
"We linallv agreed on the Old Chapel
The partitions ure to be knocked out,
also the false ceiling, and the room re-
.. i .. ii., n.,..;..f i.nn1 r i , ; . -mill
iii i (.;, rrii
to ... a inn.kiiimi oml nrrrneriire Hull
of Physics at little expense. And when
we tef, more money wo can enlarge the
building mid make a place for his
chemical laboratory and lecture room
In the meantime he will use tho room
under Smith Hall.
Professor Redd is doing first-rate
work. Me has about eighty in chem
i;;try, about forty in his lirst year and
:ui e.pmi nuinhoi in tho second year.
The amount of work he gets out of
the boys and the interest ho arouses is
increasing, ft is quite interesting to
see the students in their aprons, each
with his blow pine and charcoal, en
deavoting to ascertain the name, $re.t
oi' tho substance he gives them. Thev
learn by working out for themselves
1 am especially devoting myself now
to the organization of the department
of agriculture. J have been to the
Virginia Agricultural aud Mechanical
College jiiKt will be ready to call pub
lie attention to this department, as soon
as we can get a professor. We are
hunting for ;:io now. Do you think
would do to get a New York or Michi
gan man V We have two good nomi
nation from those points. As soon as
we get the proper nominations the
executive committee will probably call
the board loget her to make a selection.
is i
vo rii i rn -s o i'avii r un
N. I IOM A I, IM'.ItT
T " I x
Th
ne ow i one says:
That (ov. Tilden is an able, prae
tic d financier, there can bo no ques
tion, in his letter of acceptance he
shov.s the people how the whole Na
tionjd debt can be paid off in the com-
par.ttive-ly short period of thirty-eight
yeais, simply by the adoption of a
financial policy which should secure to
the country the highest credit. By
wisely availing ourselves of this, he
estimates that a reduction of one per
cent, on the interest of the loans couh'
be ellVeted; ;nd this saving, investei
at ihe low rate of four-and-a-half per
cent. intere.-L would cancel our entire
national debt in tho course of thirty-
eight years.
T!im is no chimera. Tt is no wild,
visionary scheme. It is the careful
calculation of a practical business man,
vh.) knows how to put it in operation,
and who will carry it into effect if an
opportunity is afforded him.
We put it to the voters of the coun-
i ry, the sensible men, whether this
payment of the national debt is not a
consummation devoutly to be wished?
Tho heavy burden of taxation which
rests upon us would at least be re
moved from the shoulders of our chil
dren.
Tilden, Economy, and the Reduction
of the National Debt let this be tho
war crv!
It is rumored that Carl Schurz in
tends to make a bold and vigorous at
tack on President Grant in Ids first
campaign speech, smd that he will be
sustained by leading Republicans who
perceive that Grant is sinking their
ship so rapidly that unloading is im
perative. It is entirely too late for
Carl Schur. to throw Grant over
board. Ho can do it with all his elos
qnenco and his party can not do it.
They failed to do it at Cincinnati, and
they will have to carry the. burden
they applnnded there. The same
forces which worked successfully at
Cincinnati to have Grant endorsed,
hold the fort of Grantism to-day, and
if Schurz attempts to kick against the
pricks ho will bo pitched overboard
himself. In tho meantime Grant
continues vigorously to "reform the
party from within." , '
TIIIB CONVEirriOlf ANI COIxOK
The ninth article of the Constitution
relates to (he subject of education and
the measures adopted for its increase.
The first change made by the proposed
amendments to this attisle calls our
attention to the position taken by tho
Convention upon what is called the
"color line." The second section of
this article reads as follows:
Sec. 2. The General Assembly at its
first pension under this Constitution,
shall provide by taxation aud other
wise for a general aud uniform system
of Public Schools, wherein tuition
shall be free of chargs to all children
of the State between the ages of six
and twenty-one years.
The amendments now pending be
fore the people for ratification propose
to add to ihis section these words :
"Aud the children of the white race
and the children oi the colored race
shall be taught in separate public
schools, but there shall be no discrim
ination made in favor of or to the pre
judice of either race."
These amendments propose also to
add to the fourteenth article of the
Constitution, a mw section, as follows
Sec. 7. AM marriages between ft
white person and a negro, or between
a white person atjd a person of negro
descent to the third generation inclu
sive, are hereby forever prohibited
It will be seen from these amend'
meuts, therefore, that the Convention,
controlled as it was by Democrats,
placed itself squarely upon the color
line, aud declared in unmistakable
terms that the two races must be kept
separate and disti-mt. Was this right
ws it wroLg? Onght the law to
no,mit.i.,-taMi(in. nMrn chil-
dren to sit side by side at school, upon
terms of perfect social equality ?
Ought marriages between whites and
l.ioMr is. if .wofl i, the lw ! If
so. let the amendments be voted down.
and let the Canby Constitution remain
aa it Tf ft,Ae thino-s be
shockintr to the sentiment and feelintr
of the white race, let the amendments
be ratified. There is no hope for any
efficient educational system in North
Carolina any public educational sys
tem, we mean, that will be in reach of
the great mass of the white children in
the State so long as under the organic
law of the State it is possible to force
white children and black children to
associate together upon terms of equal
ity. White men will not send their
boys to school with negro boys. As
to sending their daughters to such
schools, the land will run with blood
befoie they will do it. They cannot
be forced to do so even at the point of
the bayonet. White men everywhere,
certainly Southern white men regard
themselves as belonging to a race
different from and superior to the
negro race, and so believing they nat-
urally find themselves in the ranks of
the Democratic party. The Demo-
eratic party is the white man's party,
and rightly ho too, for while it seeks to
do no injury to the negro, it is almost
entirely composed of white men. On
I the other hand, the Radical party is
I ' r j
eomposed in almost equal degree of
J negroes. "Birds of a feather will
fie-ck together." It is but natural for
ilock together." It is but natural for
white men to go together, and it is
natural for negroes to do so, and those
who think themselves upon an equality
with tho negroes.
rue few white men in the Radical
party are obliged to yield to the de-
mands for whatever equality their more
numerous negro allies may make upon
them. The Convention that framed
the Canby Constitution passed an ordi
nance under which a white man named
Thornton and a negro woman are man
iind wife. Radical Governor Holden
made a negro, named Hood, Assistant
Superintendent of Public Instruction.
Tho last Radical Congressional Con
vention in this District by formal
resolutions declared itself in favor
of sending children to school with
out regard to race or color.
The white delegates to that Con
vention ate at the same table at the
same time and from the same dishes
with the negro delegates. In Jones
counly under radical rule we have the
revolting spectacle of public auctions
at which negroes bid off white people
Negro magistrates aud negro consta
bles, negro legislators, and even negro
Congressmen, are no rare sights
among negro constituencies.
But it needs no argument to prove
the practices and the precepts, the ten
dencies und the teachings of the Radi
cal party on this question. There is
not a Radical newspaper, there will not
be a Radical candidate or a Radioal
speaker in North Carolina who will
i j.
uare say mat negro men ana negro
women are inferior to white men and
white women save in the matter of
education a temporary inferiority be
cause of white mastership and one that
may be overcome by a few years' study
at school. They will none of them dare
assert that the negro is not the equal
of the white man in any recpect save
in such matters as grow out of educa
tion. Ihe reason of all this is plain;
the small white minority must obey
the large negro majority. That is the
whole case, bnt it is no mitigation
for tho conduct of white men who
join that party. They all know fnll
well before they make the bargain
what the terms are.
Do you believe that the Convention
was right in saying that white people
and negroes ought to remain separate
and distinct races ? If so, vote for the
amendments. , Do jou think negro
children and white children ought to
sit side by side in the school house,
and do you think negroes and whites
ought to intermarry If you do think
so, then by all meansyote against the
amendments, for if thay. shall be rati
fled negroes and.; white people will not
associate upon terms, of equality ex
cept in the Radical, party. Vote for
the amendments! j -
The troops sent from Egypt to the
Sultan have proved almost worthless,
and were routed in their first conflict
with the Seirvians. "Thh Egyptian army
is of little accouni.thorigh the Khedive
has spent much money on it, and has
procured American and European offi-J
cersto take command of it. .."A very
arge force of it has been engaged
during the past year i n Abyssinia, but
it was utterly overthrown there, and
compelled to retreat from the Gountryt
KUf TIO.H X t'OKKUPTION I
The certificate' of principles issued
by' the' Fifth Avenue ' Conference, in
May last, declared that "the country
must now have a President whose
name is already a watchword of re-
form whose capacity and courage for
work
are matters of -record rather
than of promise.
What Lave' we
from the candidate on the Radical
ticket but promises t What did we
have from the present incumbent
when he was renominated ? All
pr jmises. And wnat nas oeen me re
a 1 A I
sult ? Corruption in almost evory
branch of the public service. The
President's Private Secretary impli-
C4ted in the whiskey frauds. Belknap
a confessed receiver of bribes, and a
Secretary of the Navy, who has abused
his official uosiudn in favor of con
tractors. What are we to expect from
Hayes, who has endorsed the Grant
administration, accepts the services of
Chandler to direct his campaign,
and is supported by Morton, Car
penter. Orth. Casev. and those
of the whiskey ring who escaped con
I y - w
viction, &o.7 Mr. Hayes is praised
for his out-spoken words on- the cur-
rency question during nis campaign
. -v - i I
against William Allen, out no coma
n t muster up a sufficient amount ot
courage to condemr the removal of
Bristow and xaryan, wno were kickco
ont ofofhee before his letter ot accept-
ance was written, ihe u,uuu omce-
I t.A1.1.x.n ottss 4---! VaI i r Via mini! ortiilA 1
uu,ut!" WCiD .b
be was penning that document, iney
I i m t - ? 1-Z XI vl. I
are vaiuapie in wording uivu,
and he renes upon vuem ior u. ui.u
support. Will the man with so little
stamina be able to wunstana iue
claims that shall be made upon him uy
the manager oi rue xwkucri pany r
Will the man who indorses the admin
I - . . . . i i 1 i.
istration be able to resist tne corrupt
influences that are sure to be brought
against him by the present party lead
ers 7 unaouoteaiy not.
Even if he
had the strength of character necessa
ry for the task he would not,
because he has signified his satisfac
tion with the policy of Grant, and be
lives that Grantism should be perpet
uated. The only way out of this mire
is to have a complete change. We
must vote for a man whose record will
insure Reform whose watch-word is
Reform and whose courage will never
fail him.
' 110 OIWPS.
Our correspondent returned last
night from an extended ' tour among
the crops, and we make a synopsis of
the result of his observations:
Halifax The early planted corn
I wan somewhat retarded in its develop-
I ment by a dry spell in tna last half of
July.but the lateshowers have brought
j it out and it is growing and filling
I finely. The young oorn is in splendid
condition. Cotton is not uncommonly
I large but growiug and boiling well
with splendid color, and nothing but
I some uulooked for change of the sea
son can prevent a very full crop.
Nash is very much like Halifax,
Fruit plentiful, trees loaded with
apples, and for the first time in three
I years there ia a promise of plenty of
''Old Nash brandy." Distillation is
about beginning. Peaches in fair
supply.
I Wilson The same as Halifax and
Nash; some small sections have been
too dry for corn, but the cotton has
not been retarded in growth. Plenty
of fruit.
Edgecombe Crop above an average
and looking well. Fruit plenty.
i Greene Fruit plentifn), crop of
cotton and corn as in the other conn-
ties, and stock of hoc? fair.
Lenoib This county which, acoord-
ing to the census of 1870, produced
more corn than any other in the State,
bids fair to beat itself. It is an ocean
oi corn, uotton gooa and gt owing
fast.
Johnston The best cotton crop on
the land which has been grown since
the war. Corn fine and abundant.
Fruit plentiful. Look out for some
"Old Johnston brandy,
short supply of hogs.
too. Rather
Wayne Crop in all parts of this
county fine. The sandhill corn is very
fine. Stock of hogs-large. Fruit and
melons abundant. Cotton growing
nicely and well boiled.
Wayne is the only county which we
saw any signs of rust. It has not taken
hold of the crops but appeared in two
or three localities.
Duplin and Sampson have both fine
crops. Thus in ten counties we have
the promise of the best crop since the
war. And there are many more hogs
in each than at this time last year.
The acorn mast is good, the peas are
good and corn abundant, so that we
look for a much heavier yield of port
than last season.
Incidentally we may mention that
the farmers are very little in debt for
making the crop. They have econo
mized "per force" as the merchants
generally have been unable to credit
them and at the same time maintain
their own credit, owing to the extieme
scarcity of a circulating medium and
the consequent loss of all cash trade
during the summer.
The New York Herald states that,
in order to arrive at an adepuate con
ception of the actual extent of the dis-.
tress now prevailing among the work
ing classes of that city, its reporters
during the past few days made a care
ful survey of the labor field both
skilled and unskilled and by diligent
inquiry among foremen of shops, fac
tories and all places where hands are
employ' ed, and also taking the esti
mates of the leaders among the work
ing men and women, they have ascer
tained that full forty thousand persons
are now idle out of the one hundred
thousand persons who are depending
on their daily labor for bread.
Why not fix in the Constitution:
1. The pay of the Legislature.
2. A prohibition of mixed schools.
3. A prohibition of intermarriage
between the races.
4. A prohibition of Convention, ex
cept by a vote of the people.
'- Think of these things, gentlemen,
says the Davidson Record, when you
come to vote on the amendments.
W fiKANI AND Ills PAIIT1.
'I he liadical party comes before the
country with a great flourish of trumpr
ets, and demands the confidence of the
confidence of the people because it says
it has repudiated Grant. As a matter of
the statemeut is the reverse of the
trnth. That there is a coolness exist-
ing between the Presilent and the
party which elected him is a fact, The
leaders are desirous that the people
should understand that the party have
thrown overboard the burden which
was endangering the safety of their
crafl. The movement of separation
which thev wish us to believe in. has,
however, been initiated on the other
side. The Radical leaders are as ever
the abject slaves of the ' President.
The President has kicked tbeni again
and again with all the vigor which he
conid command They, however.keep
close to him, eh'an his dirty boots, for
which service evm he doet; not thank
them, receive his contemptuous re
buffs with humility, and then ask the
country to believe that they have cut
loose from biro and his transactions.
Actions spt-ak louder than words.
And by what actions have the Radi
cals made gond their assertions of
httvjng at last re,iev,e,i themselves
frm fhe dominion of Orant ? He has
inHnItetl tne .,rtl.ty 1Uid its leaders by
eyery meftnH which he could devise.
Every man ju Oftco wjxo UftB been in-
t tal in unearthincr the frauds
and vjiijanie8 of the administration he
. -i . -. t
snuooed ana sent aoout uis ousi
ne88 Bri8tow is outf and his trusted
.
agent Yaryan. Custer was first de
d d and theil massacred. Jewell
fmJ Now are Bent bome in UiBgraoe.
Babcock is acquitted through frauds
connived at by the President. Belknap's
resignation is accepted "with regret"
afer he had confessed himself a thief
and a swindler; Packard is sent into
the South to manipulate the election
with the soldiers aud bayonets. Oat
rages innumerable not only have been,
but are now being perpetrated by the
President and with his authority.
A nd where do we find a Radical pro
test? In and out of Congress the rep
resentatives oi the party, by their
silence, acquiesce in all this wanton
abuse of trust. They dare not censure
the agent of the mischief, and the deeds
themselves they cannot denounce. In
the presence of an aroused and indig
nant people, they now indeed make a
pretense of discarding the author, but
this is done only in order that they
may supply his plaje with one who
will bo a more pliable instrument in
their bauds. With Hayes in the place
of Grant, they hope to ba able to carry
on to a greater extetat, and with more
I nersonal nrofit and advantage, the
system which Grant has inaugurated.
I Grantism, with all its deplorable and
busn accessories, is with Hayes to bo
I preserved and extended, with moet of
the present President's personal in
terest made over to the party leaders.
The great consolation, existing under
these lamentable ciicumstances, is
that the people are now thoroughly
1 alive to the nature of the iniquitous
compact that has been made, and are
determined to frustrate its cousumma
tion bv the election of Samuel J.
Tilden.
I what oi" 'i'MI-z tiONTEST !
So far nothing has occurred to
dampen the Democratic hope of sue
cess in this great Presidential contro
versy. The Democratic position and
line of battle, says tho Macon Afesscn
ffrt is all that could be asked for.
Everything has been arranged with
judgment and discretion, and though
the battle has not begun, the whole
J Democratic line is fired with enthusi-
asm and confident hopes of success
deeply impressed with the magnitude
of the issues involved satisfied and
proud of their leaders, and undaunted
by the hostile array against them.
For the .past fortnight the enemy
have been busily engaged in getting
their battery into position and Morton
touches off the first gun to night at
Indianapolis. They have but one plan
of assault tli9 outrage mill the
bloody shirt the danger of entrusting
the country to the Democracy, a large
portion of whom were lately in rebel
lion. They have nothing else to pre
sent to the people. They can defend
nothing. They are necessarily the as
sailing party on this single idea.
Let the Democracy waste no time in
attempting to storm this battery in
front, but flank them with a scorching
exposition of their treason to honest
and patriotic government, and its dis
astrous results. Stick to the St.
Louis platform stick to the letters of
acceptance. Fight the battle on that
line, and be not turned aside on Afri-
can issues. The African has monopo
lized the politics of the country for
the past twenty years, and it is time
now to give the white people a little
attention.
GOV. TILDUN'S VIEWS ON T1112
FINANCIAL QHBSTION.
The New York Daily Bulletin, a pa
per entirely disconnected with party
politics, and certainly one of the ablest
commercial and financial journils in
the country, most heartily endorses
that portion of Gov. Tilden's letter
bearing on the subject of specie re
sumption. The Bulletin says: "Can
dor compels us to say that the views
expressed in Gov. Tilden's letter of
acceptance are the most statesmanly
treatment of the questions of resump
tion and retrenchment that has come
from any public man within the last fif
teen years. The Governor's views on
these points so entirely accord with
wha'-has been reiterated in our columns
year after that we can only express our
gratification that so much wholesome
truth has been so conspicuously ut
tered. The method of resumption so
clearly sketched in this document is
the only one that the situation admits
of, the only one the country would tol
erate on trial, and is one that would
entirely meet all tne requirements of
the case. The utterance of these views
will revive the hopes of those who have
so vainly waited for resumption, and
should, at the same time, dissipate the
fears of those who have imagined that
it must necessarily be attended with
new derangements to business."
VANCE AND SETTLE.
WHO MUltnKKED THE GREAT WBIT
OF 1UBEAS CORPUS ;
SETTLE GUILTY.
HOLDEN CONVICTS SETTLE.
On the 20th Jnly, 1870. Governor
Holden, who was daily arresting good
citizens and putting them in dungeous
preparatory to having them tried and
shot by drum-head court martial,
wrote to President Grant inform'
iug hiui of ' he condition of affairs
in North Carolina, aud predicting that
Chief Justice Pearson nuld substan -stially
sustain him. Ou 23d July,
Governor Holden telegraphed to Wash
ington as follows:
" ilahrn rWxf just deci.le.f. fMiief1
.1 usl ice Pearson substantially sustains the
fit ate Go eminent aud refuses to inter
frre."
PEARSON CONVICTS SETTLE.
The Chief Justice in case of Kerr
and others, ex ifrfc, page 816, vol.
04, N. C. Reports, after deciding that
"tho power of the Judiciary was ex
hausted," thus convicts Captain Settle
and his other brother Justices as fol
lows. He -says:
"It is gratifying to be able to say that
the other Justicesliavebeen in unieserved
conference with m?, and that all concur in
these llahran Corpus proceedings,"
AND SETTLE CONVICTS HIMSELF.
In the case of A. G. Moore and
others, ex parte, page 350, vol. 65, N.
C. Reports, Settle himself openly said:
"The Court was in session at the time
the llaheaH Corpus eases were In-fore the
Chief Justice at Chambers. They were
ending for a considerable time and were
elaborately a'gued. It was a moment of
groat interest .o the State and to citizens,
and there was much excitement. The
Chief Justice was in constant communica
tion wit h the Assoc-i-ite Justices and while
the opinions delivered were in language his
own, his conclusions had the sanction of the
Associates."
VANCE NOT GUILTY.
VANCE THK GREAT DEFENDER
OF CIVrL. IjIBERTY AND THE
U P H OLDER OF THE
PRIVILEGES OF THE
GREAT WRIT OF
HABEAS
CORPUS.
VAXCE'S VINDICATION COMPLETE AND
TRIUMPHANT.
Iu 18G3 when certain officers of the
Confederate Government were about
to arrest as conscripts and deserters
men who had been discharged under
writs of Habeas uorpus Governor
Vance xroraP,ly issued the following
order:
Executive Department of N. C,
Ailutantst GeneraVs Office,
Kai.if.oh, May 2, f8,
General Order, No. 0.
Militia oltieers are ordered not to arrest
any man as a conscript or deserter who
may have been discharged under a writ
of halea.-i corpus tried ljefore any Judge of
the Supreme or Superior Courts of this State
They are further ordered to resist any
such arrest upon the part of any person not
authorized by the legal order or process of
a Couit or Judge having jurisdiction of
such cases.
By order of iovernor Vance.
DAN'h G. FOWLE,
Adjutant General.
And thus stands the record between
ZebutjOn Vance and TnoMAS Settle.
In time of profound peace Settle, i
sworn Judge upon the bench, permit
ted tho great writ of Ilabeax Corpus
to be trampled in the dust under the
feet of the Tennesseo Cut-throat and
with it the Constitution and laws of
the State. Vance, in time of terrible
war, upheld and maintained, sacred
and inviolate, the privilege of that
great writ for the humblest as well as
for the proudest citizen in all the
hnd! Which of these two, fellow
citizens, is worthy to be your Gov
ernor ?
Boutwell's twisting and writhing
under the' questions of Senators Eaton
and Davis concerning the Treasury
book-keeping may be good for Bout-
wellism, says the Boston Dost, but it
gives no very general satisfaction. He
is personally interested in keeping
things covered up. That was why,
when the Secretary of the Treasury in
1872, he went down to North Carolina
and over into Ohio and talked viru-
lent party.politics from the stump. lie
knew that his political life and all the
reputation he had depended on the
successful suppression of the invest!
gation which would follow a party de
feat. He proceeds in the same way
now. Seeing that as surely as Gov.
Tilden is elected President by the
people he will trace fraud through
ever ledger that remains in the
Treasury Department, he gets up
his Mississippi Commisnsion, hires a
professional fire-eater to write up its
false findings in flaming red ink, and
hurries to publish his dreadful report
to the Senate and tho country before
the minority con even have the use of
the body of the evider.ee. Boutwell
of conrse is in haste, for Tilden is the
sleuth-hound on his track as the keep
er of the people's accounts. He knows
with what patience and skill and faith
fulness Tilden followed Tweed through
all his windings and doublings by the
bank accounts he kept, after all vouch
ers had been destroyed, and he has
the best of reasons to fear a similar
resnlt in his own case that shall show
him up as a public book-keeper and
money-adder in its true light. There
are a good many other bladdery repu
tations that are to be punctured by
me point or xuaen pen oeioro tins
11 ? T A !
unng is over, xom-weii s case is des
tined to furnish the greatest collapse
for one based on such small capita).
From the Raleigh Sentinel.
IN A NUTSHEIili.
Republicans manifest much distress
over the fact that Governor Vance in
his speeches does not solicit the negro
They say it is drawing the color 'ine.
"Well, suppose it is? Let it draw, .
Mary had a little lamb, !
Its fleece was white as sudw,
And every where tliat Mary went
The lamb was suae to go. ;
Dr, Mary Walker says she was offer
ed $100 a week to stump for Hayes, I
but she spurned the bribe. Bully for
Mary I 1
'II K NINE ttlESTlONJi.
Governor Vance is pounding Judge
Settle most mercilesdy. He has pre
pared a series ' of questions -that ' he
constantly asks and "that Settle con
stantly refuses to answer. o He does
not dare to answer them Judge- Set
tle's only chance of election depends
upon deceiving the people .as to the
purposes of the Radioal party. , , If
Judge Settle answers Governor Vance's
questions in one way he will Hn4 him"
self on the ' .Democratic, . platform,
and if lie answer's them i in an
other way the people '"Can not be
forced . to vote for him nnd so he
. . i .- , i ...-.,.
refuses to answer them itt.all. . Gov-"
eruor Vance has got-Lieu in a ctoso
place and will- doubtless' keep't.itV
there. The nine questions that, bother
Kirk's exhausted Judge so . much are:;
1. Was H dden's suspension of the
habeas corpus legal ? '
2. Which of the" constitutional
amendments are go d aud , which are
bad ? - ,,;,,
3. How did the South get out of the
Union ?
4. Can Congress confer the right of
suffrage ?
5. Was the Louisiana outrage con-.
stitntional ? . ''
6. Was Judge Settle not elected to
the Supreme Bench by fraud ?
7. Does Judge Settle approve
Grant's administration ?
8. Does he approve the civil rights
bill ?
9. Was desertion from the army
right? "
IIO ABOUT HAHIBIJKIiJ-THE
THIJTI1 AT LAST.
The evidence submitted before
Judge Maher at Aiken, S. C, on
Thursday, says the Charleston 'News
and Courier, is exceedingly important,
and, as far as it goes, is conclusive.
Men of high character, upon oath,
prove that the armed negroes whom Doc
Adams commanded were a standing
threat and danger to the c jmmunity,
that the organization was confessedly
formed in hostility to the whites, that
the armed negroes defied the authority
of Prince Rivers, and that not a shot
was fired by the whites until after the
killing of young Meriwether by the
negroes.
All the parties implicated were ad
mitted to bail, the highest bail re
quired being only a thousand dollars.
The Radicals are welcome to all they
can make out of the Hamburg "Hor-
ror.
RAD LUCK fOK TURPI!
The late election in Alabama h- s
sadly disappointed Radical calcula
tions. Throughout the State on the
day of election there was not a single
fifcht at the polls. The Montgomery
State Journal, the only organ of Rad
icalism in that place says the election
there "was as ouiet as a Sabbath
gathering," and so it was everywhere,
and yc t Alabama gave forty thousand
anti-Radical majority. It is suscepti
hie of Droof. we learn from our ex-
x
changes, that the Louisiana Radical
leaders had digested a plan to get up a
fuss in Mobile on election day, an in
tegral part of which was the exporta
tion of two thoussnd ruffians from New
Orleans under cover of an "excursion
The New Orleans Democrats.howover,
gave timely notification of the scheme
to the Mobilians.who at once prepared
the most complete and prudent ar
rangements to frustrate the bloody
shirt schedule, and so it was given up
as likely to be an unprofitable invest
ment.
A Washington dispatch says: A
Democratic Senator has received a let
ter from a prominent gentleman of
New England, whose reputation is
national, and who is not a Democrat,
in which he says that the feeling of
discontent in the country, and the
pressure of the times is bound to elect
Tilden. One of the smartest Republi
can 'politicians of Pennsylvania says
that the miners and the laboring
I classes in that Sta'e are very much
dissatisfied with their condition, which
tney justly attribute to the policy of
the party in power, and for this reason
he feels compelled to put Pennsylvania
in his list of doubtful States. Late
intelligence from Ohio says that tho
I Germans in that State aro rapidly
oomincr over to the Tilden side, and
that it is confidently believed that
Ohio will be by the side of Indiana in
giving a nemocratio victory in Oc
tober.
The Baltimore Gazette says Grant's
ill-temper since the reading of Tildens'
letter is worse than ever. After Haye's
letter he got on such a fearful attack
of nervous depression that Mr. Fish
had to carry him off to Deer Park ior
a cnauge ot scene, tie uaa uaruiy
gotten over those neuralgia when Mr.
Tilden's letter appeared, which is de
cidedly "rough" on him . Now Gover
nor Chamberlain aggravates the case,
and he is furious. Mr. Hamilton Fish
speaks with bated breath,-and the
shins of dear old Judge Taft are black
and blue from the knee-pan down.
Even mighty Logan dares not venture
into the august presence. '
The. New York Jribune. in an'arti-
cie on the general reduction of wages
in that city, states that any builder
can employ as many first-class carpen
ter s as he wants at $15 per week, and
find them grateful for the chance. The
same may be said of most of the other
trades connected with building. It
adds that there has been no time in
the paat fifteen years . when building
,,e done in New York at sochear,
a rate, and scarcely a time in that in-
terval when there has been so little of
it doing.
The largest Democratic Convention
held in Tennessee for years . adjomrned
on Thursday last.! . Gov. ' Porter was
renominated7 by 'acclamation, and ex-f
qov jiham a Harris and Win. B.
tors for the State af large ; The plat
form ratifies the action of the St Louis
Convention, opposes the' repudiation
of any obligation justly,' due. the credit
tors of the State or national govern
ment, and for the present, because
of the business depression, the shrink-
age of values and impoverishment of
the people, opposes any inorease of
taxation and favors rigid economy.
Whlte Men and Women flired Out to
n Negroes The Poor, Sick and Af
flicted White Paupers of Jones
' County Hired Out by the Xesro Com
missloners of the County to the
Negroes.
Trenton, .Tones County, N. C, (
Jnly 20th, 1876.
Vklitor Jialeijjh jVews :
Df.au Hik I find by examination of
tho records Hnd from; other 'sources
that at. J a ii nary term 1873," of 'Com
missioner's Court, of tbi county, thut
Mrs. '-Nancy 3v'g (white and three
Children) were let out at auction to
the highest bidder, and the e lid off
by negro'who call n -itlier read nor
'writeat the1priee of hif 'per mouth.
At. tho faroe time Mrs. iijfiehey (white)
Mgi d and blind, was hid off by another
ignorant negro, who can neit her read
or write. 1 A I. April term 1872 Simuel
Wefts (white aud blind)- havmer a wife
and neveii children, wnrt'-b 1 oft ly o
of the ne&ro Commissioner at. $2 per
month. At. the name time a white man.
itsmerl Aitrea unvis was iui ou-ny
another uegro Gomm-isHiouera at if f per
month.' At April-term (1876. Hamuel
Metis, ' the blind ' white man : named
above, was bid off-by -an ignorant ne
gro at &4. 50 pr monfh. At the same
time Alfred Davis named above, who
is afflicted with a cancer, was bid off
by negro at $2.75 per month. There
was many others bid for by negroes
but not. bid off by them. Tho Board
of County Commissioners consist of
three negroes and two white radicals.
If you nwd any more testimony to
corroborate the fact above stated it can
be procured by scores of witnesses.
Very respectfully, ! "
-Ben AsKBWi if
I'.fficacy in Prayer An lnideiit.
Ou the 15th instant it was announc
ed that Eugene H. Crowdus, a student
from Dallas, Texas, was dying. Young
Crowdus had pneumonia, and had
suddenly, after being convtiloscent,
taken a relapse. He wxs breathing
with difficulty, in a comatose state
his extremities were cold and dark,
indicating that circulation was di
minishing. His condition was tele
graphed to his parents. Young
Crowdus is an only son of the family,
a gentlemanly student, but not a mem
ber of any church. At 4 o'clock Dr.
Bittle called the students of - the col
lege to the chapel, announced the con
dition of Mr. Crowdus, and asked all
to unite in a prayer meeting for his
restoration to health and to his pa
rente. The Doctor read the first
seven verses of the 20th chapter of
the Second Book of Kings. The ex
erciseo were continued in prayer and
singing for about forty minutes, in
the assembly of the faculty and stu
dents. It was a solemn meeting; all
engaged in the exercises. After the
close of the meeting the joyful news
was brought to the college that young
Drowdus was getting better; that his
disease took a decided change at the
time of the prayer meeting. 1 The
young man boards in town in the fam
ily of one of his physicians, Dr. James
W. Shuey. He is now in a hopeful
condition. His parents have just
arrived, having been on their way
three days and nights, from Dallas,
Texas. On Wednesday evening in the
chapel service, Dr. Bittle announced
that they would now reinrn thanks to
the Lord for his mercy in hearing their
prayer. All the students united in
singing the hymn commencing "There
is a fountain filled with blood," and in
a prayer of thanksgiving to God.
Iioanoake' Collegian.
A It lcn man of the Oltieii 'rime.
Mr. T. B. Kingsbury.in an address at
Oxford, N. C. , on the 4th xf July,
gives the history of Granville county,
and from it we extract what he says
about a rich man of that county 1 15
years ago:
"I think it probable that Colonel
William Eaton, who died in 1769 or
1760, was the richest man in the county
at that time. His real estate was
large, and he owned a considerable
number of slaves. The number of
horses, hogs and cattle that was ap
praised and divided would astonish
one of our cotton planters or tobacco
raisers of 1876 this centennial period.
He havl also an immense supply of
household fnrniture and plantation
implements. But after all, he did not
have any buggy and steam ploughs,
reapers and mowers, Simmons' axes,
Ames' spades, Elewell's hoes and sewing
machines. He was behind our timeti
by a matter of 115 years, but he could
not help it. He was at least up to his
own times, which is something, as may
be seen from the inventory - of his
largo effects, to bo found in the clerk's
office. He bequeathed to his wife 3J
slaves, valned at 1,325 or some !jM;450
of our currency. He made similar be
quests to his children. This shows
that at that time the average value of
slaves was about $178. Horses were
valned at $20 each. A pair of cart
wheels were worth $16. 4 beds with
furniture brought JE36 or some $120 in
currency an average of $30. Leather
chairs were oheap; 12 of them were
valued at 1. 16s. or $6 in currency.
Rum fetched about $1 35 a gallon. 77
head of cattle were valued at 58, or
some $194 in currency an average of j
about $2 05 a head. 235 hogs, with
some pigs, number not stated, were
appraised at 45 or some $150 in cur
rency, an average of less than 70 cents
a head."
From the Pee Dee Courier.
Piatt D. Walker, Enq.
Our Representative, Piatt D. Walk
er, Esq., we venture, has done more
good service and contributed more to
wards the success of.our party accord
ing, to the means and opportunity
afforded him than any other young
man in the State. To. years, ago
wnen tms county was almost hopeless
ly radical by a standing majority of
about dUO ne not only overcame this
but 'was elected to the House by a
majority of 120. He went to the Leer
islature taking a stand among its most
prominent members, and made a record
for himself of which any one mierht
feel proud. During the campaign of
lttst year he took it, upon' him
self to canvass Montgomery coun
ty where he did yeoman service
in the interests of the nartv
and by his gallant conduct endeared
himself to the people of that county.
Notwithstanding their , right to the
Senatorship this time, we hear the
name of Mr. Walker mentioned by
very many of their prominent citizens
in connection with the nomination for
Senator of the district. This is right,
for we thick it due him as a matter "of
justice, that this nomination should be
tendered him, though we know be does
not desire it. If in making the norni
nation .integrity, fidelity, capability
agd genuine merit are to be the tests, J
we know of no man upon whom the
choice could possibly fall, who is more
eminently qualified to become bur
standard bearer than Mr. Walker.
Of course we do not propose to dio
tate to the Senatorial convention, and
will support heartily, whoever may be
nominated by it, .'. ; ..
, , , t ,
An Heiress 0.300,000.000. A t
J Miss Melissa Elder was a poor clerk
in a hotel dining room in Atchison,
Kansas, and here is the account from
journal of the city of : her wonderful
lUCk;-'- ' 4 ,:M . tl: i J x;J. .-,,..
"A short time ago Melissa: Elder fell
heir to 112,000,000 sterling, amount- ,
ing to about $560.000, 00a t It seems
that her great-great grandfather on her !
mother's side, who was a Roman Sea-'
utor.hud all his property ; which i
sisted of a vaet amount V?
in and around the city of Rom !W
fiscated to the Roman Emrire D
count of his being. concZd with
Mark Antony m the terrible assanU 0
the body of ORar. Oio.a?.BSSlJ
alao accused at the same time
Mark Antony afterward said ?h
above reproach.anduothiuffwa,,"8
thematter. All the property V1
great. grandfather, howeve?
fiscated upon tho testimOuy Af tLAn'
tive. The detective wa afterwJS?"
taken wita frenzied, remorse and Z V
a fuH confession, moved to P .
and was livinsr in tl.Rt. jii t.. ii)mPoii,
when the. sudden
" IlfHrLrl 4.
lefelt it nd cut him- do
,.ruo hfo. In,iK th8
fveries smoug the rnius of Po -this-
confession wits, discover a
Miss EUl.r's f eat.grai,dfatbedr'
fully vindicated. A Chicago aJM
who was traveling throiiRb Ear
heard of the oirciimsf auce. and bv
of detectives, fenud in the DWJLa,i
M,l,ssa ICider the oly -u.rtijjjjj
of her lamented great-graiid r i
The lawyer has taken the ijer:
tho ease on a eoiitiiigm. fHt? aud w
liss.i lenven for Rome to fake n '
sion of that town. Of eonrs..
der i.nr . HigratnlHhoi,8; CO.OlKuL
The Washington correspondent of
the Chicago Junes sajs:
n '?,r mi i- he 8nrPa to hear
that Belknap is .,ppoiu,ed to some
office, us he is received iu most friend
ly terms at the White House. The
Other day a gentleman from Keokuk
was hero and had some business with
Belknap. After it was concluded he
expressed a desire to see the Presi
dent. ,?You do, do you ? said Belknap
,'theu I will take you up aud introduce
you.' Belkuap added pleasantly and
with u swagger of seeming levity
However, if you go out on the streets
with mo you must expect to lie stared
at. I dou't miud it, as I am used to
it.' The Keokuk man says that the
President, received them very cordially
and chat-ted with Belknap as if with a
tried and trusted friend."
The Wn.liinjrtou ITIonuiuwnt.
It is estimated tlmt it will take $450 .
000 to complete the Washington monn
ment on the present plan. The bill
recently passed by Congress appropri
ates $200,000 to' tho work, in the ex
pectation that the remainder he
raised by popular contributions. There
has been expended on it np to this
time $230,000. When completed the
monument will be higher than any
other monument, obelisk, dome or
spire in the world, as the following
comparison shows:'
' " ' Feet.
Cheop's pyramid in Egypt.'. 4K0
Landshut (spire), Germany 4)jr
Strasbuig (spire), Germany 4t;g
St. Peter's (dome), Home 457
St. Paul's (spire), liondou. 3ti5
Capitol (dome), Washington 30(1
Hunker Hill monument, IJostou...... 221
Washington monument, Uallinioro. .. 191
Washington . , National monument,
Washington.. 485
From the Albany Argus.
An Explanation.
A satisfactory explanation of the in
crease in th.i ordinary expenses of the
government since 1871-2 may be fonnd
in tho increased number of government
officials an increase which has taken
place notwithstanding the decrease in
the business of the internal revenue
department. See the figures. This is
the civil list:
18G1, total 4R.049
1863, total 47,365
1805, total 53,167
18(59, total .........54,209
1871, total ........57,607
1873, total.. : 88,637
1875, total .91,119
fioui the (.rwDHboro Patriot.
Oltltuar) ICxiyiiiew.
Touehingly dedicated to Messrs;
Settle and Company by the Tilden and
Vance Club.
, "Old ZebV tlie cry where'er you gOi
The boy of giit and muttle,
; To spoil thw Kadictl pnrtyV dough,
Ami settle the hash lor Settle.
Next Jar.vis comes along to fan
' Yes. fan' him tiicety will he
' Tin; dust out of, tliat other man.
The swaggenag Major Billy..
Wiien Hoaont Worth walks In the ring
To meet that. Sitlein Mjiicaler
. Tlie KariH titav jusl h'ln toiling
, ;Tli-ir iaewe l on; to WlK'fcler.
Jbd Kcjtlrliaril will do the work (
In jam ui stylo for t'other 0110
And in a t winkling lie-will j:rk
Tho Btiltn from under Alhurtton.
Sara Lovir. one of thn tnonntan la-'H,
Will make thtni .soj eiiake while he ( t ,
Shown up tlie rreoid of tho'lCadrt
And lay out Jouuuy Keilly. "
When Kenan makeathn forward move
The KhiIh may then just, as well
Shut up ihe nbo tor 'J'az, Hargrove,
JiOwry-lo?lB Tasewell.
And Seai liorougu will dona the day
Hy tlaxiiii; our, tliu pars oi,
And h gh opon tho Hlie.H will by
Tho itioiiM ranter, "arron.
- , . 1
mm- m m w m-m mm . a V 1
II A Lt Li & 1' 12 A 11 MA lib,
flrmmi irtrnnn if 1 1
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Scyiell &Co.'s Mel Hammock,
Weight Only I Lb-Bears 1300 Lb
P.KIOK OF NO. 1 4 0
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Circulars may be had by addrewng
VanWAKT & Mt COV,
o.-ii c .xi.. in an. I 13ft Ouane Hi.. V
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1
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i " i l
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i !
FOR SALE BY ;.j7
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aug 13 d&wtl
nhnntfl

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