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WILMINGTON, N. C, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER
r fl. ..Ill .111 III I W 111
1 1 c 1 1 i c nii'Hovi:iiK, rs.
Wilmixoton, N. C, 20. '7,
'? 'm A. irllnssrt, Vrrsi-deitt
of Coianu roc :
IStu iiiHf. we
Siu: Ou tli - INtu innr. we visited
the harbor !l,J(l lts mtrroTindings in the
vict:itv of Nfw Inht, to iise.-rtniii its
present c utditioii and the progress of
the public works for improving thf
feanie, with the future prospects, and
have the honor to report that since
our r. port of the 30th of May lust
the contract ior laying the aprou
across the inlet Las been fully exe
cuted. The work was finished about
the middle of June, since which time
the bottom of the inlet, from side to
pule, ua rem lined covered by ai
fiproii or corpet four feet thick ami
forty l seventy fe t wide, accordiug
to f h of water, and up to this time
tLiere lias been no settling, undermin
ing or other perceptible damage what
ever. Oa the other baud appearances
indicate a most flattering success of
the work, the aud co-operating witli
the carpet in the formation of an ap
jvireutly pcrmament reef across the
it let. The southern end of the carpet,
rttiu? on Zt-ke's Inland near high
water hue at the time it was placed,
extenditg uorthward into deep water
oi the inlet, served as a kind of gril
3n!T' work which the beach has fol
lowed ior about 400 feet, 300 feet of
vhieh are now above high water,
iid. iiiug ntid extending seaward,
from which project ohoals iu the
direction of the point of beach
boinh of tho old breaker.
The beach south from the inltt at
Zeke's Island is now perfect and above
high watei. Most of the sea front of
the old breakwater is covered above
high water, also a large portiou of its
rear or river front, and every part of
it is covered above low water line,
thus securing the timber against any
further attack of worsis.
Had the apron been started upon
the shore of Federal Point instead of
in deep water at the end of the deflect
ing breakwater, it is reaso able to
suppose the same resubs would have
attended it as did the southern end
which rested on Zeke's Island. It may
be proper here to express some ap
prehension wo entertain for the safety
of the npron, if left as it is for any
considerable loDgth of time. There
are twj points iu its line where the
depth of water ranges from 14 to 18
feet, upon which the currents, partic
ularly the ebb, press with considerable
severity, aud there is no telling what
effect 3uch a volume of water under
such circumstances may have upon the
apron, if allowed to remain until the
channel becomes fixed, and concen
trate upon oue or both of these points.
There is no appareut change in
Snow's Marsh channel since our last i
report, except, perhaps, some slight
tilling of the upper end of it, caused,
no doubt, by the heavy tax upon its
inadequate capaci y by the ebb cur
rent of the river, and also a cross
current iu the direction of the iulet,
which will involve the necessity of oc
cisioual dredging to keep it free until
the inlet is closed.
The navigation of the river above
the inlet and across the Log Shoals
above Big Island, remain as last re
ported, without perceptible change.
Ah far as we can learn there has been
some slight change iu the direction of
li.ild Head channel, not affecting,
however, the draught of water last
reported, 15 to 10 feet.
During the fiscal year ending 30th
bine last, the apron has been success
fully laid across the iulet ; Snow's
Marsh channel has been opened to 200
feet width and 12 feet depth ; the river
between Wilmington and Smithville
has been dredged aud cleared out
where necessary, including the removal
of obstructions above the upper jetty,
permitting the passage of vessels draw
ing 14 to 14 1 feet between those points;
some dredging has been done on Bald
Head channel ; the two swashes across
the beach, which existed at the begiu
mug of the year, have been entirely
closed; a large addition to the beaches,
on both sides of the inlet, has been ac
cumulated, and the flow of water
through the inlet very much reduced.
The Coast Line Telegraph has also
been established for the purpose of
opening along the sea coast north
ward in the interest of commerce aud
humanity; also to Smithville. We
regret the necessity of calling youi at
tention to the apparent neglect of this
tulegraph liue, which was ordered by
Congress and put up by the War De
partmeut, in good faith, for the pur
pose set forth. The line to Smithville
is iu order and operation, but that
leading northward was damaged by a
utorni in the early part of this year
aud has remained so ever since, no
communicat on passing over it, cer
tainly since May last. We presume
the apparent neglect to be more the
result of oversight, or iuadvertance,
than design, and it is only necessary
to call the attention of the chief sig
nal officer to the fact.
The last Congress appropriated
8132,500 for continuing the work for
improving Cape Fear harbor, (aggre
gating the sum of 8807,500 which has
thus far been appropriated). This
sum is much below the estimates of
the engineer for successfully prose
cutiug the work during the present
fiscal year, and will undoubtedly retard
its final completion, but we have every
confidence in its judicious disposal.
We further beg to call your atten
tion to the fact that, in addition to the
nattering prospect before us of an
early completion of our harbor im
provements and its perfect restora
tion to its Drimitive condition of a
first-class harbor, the State of
North Carolina has recently be
come owner of the Western North
Carolina Railroad, leading from
Salisbury via Swannanoa Gap and
Asheville, a distance of about 100
miles, to Wolf Creek, and there con
necting with the road leading to Mor
ristown, Tenn., and all western roads.
Operations for completing this road at
au early day have recently been re
sumed, and are now being prosecuted
with energy. We understand that
about 100 miles of this road are now
complete and in successful operation,
leaving about CO miles to finish, of
which a large portion of the work has
been accomplished. Of about 4,000
feet of tunneling only about 1,200 to
l,4u0 feet remains to be done; also, a
large portion of the grading in and be
yond tha mountains, culverts and
bridge abutments have been done,
and waiting the finishing superstruc
ture. It will thus be seen that, with
proper appliances, the entire line may
be put in operation and opened to the
public in a very short time, audit only
remains for the next Legislature to
take necessarv action in the tremises
for securing the ultimate and early
realization of this desirable object,
which places our own port a port of
which the State may v?ell be proud
in direct communication with the
Mississippi valley and all the great
In dosing this, our last report for
A 1 S . . .
James II. Chadbourn.
lie University- letter from I'reki
University, or North Carolina,
Chapel Hill, Aug. 31, 1876.
Editor of the Journal:
Dear Sir The kindly spirit and
tnligu ened views shown by "Agri
cola in a late issue of yonr paper.
Beem to call for an answer.
I think the Trustees agree with
"Agricola" in the opinion that aga
cultural experiments would be best
conducted by one experienced in
Southern crops, Southern olimate
and Southern soils.
But the act of Congress requires th
University to teach "such branches of
learning as are related to agriculture
and the mechanic arts, without exclud
ing other classical and scientific studies.
in order to promote the liberal and
practical education of the industrial
classes aud the several pursuits and
professions of life." I quote from the
In order to comply with the above
requirements, the University must
teach among other things zoology.
botany, geology, mineralogy, grouped
under the general term, natural his
The University had good Professors
and facilities for teaching other
"branches related to agriculture and
the mechanic arts," such as chemistry.
Doth geueral and applied, physics,
engineering, drawing, liiuglish litera
ture, French and German, besides. the
classical studies which we are forbid
den to exclude, but we had no profes
sor of natural history.
The colleges of the northwest have
paid particular attention to this de
partment. There is au enthusiasm
and a dash about them which leads to
great success. One of the profes
sors made extensive enquiries
during a recent tour North for such a
man as we need and he was generally
told that we must go to that great re
gion, that there we would most cer
tamly find the proper combination of
theoretical and practical powers in this
direction. The Executive Committee
of the Trustees aud the Faculty thins
they have such a man in Professor
W. H. Smith, late of the TJni-
versityof Michigan, who is proved
to tbem to be an expert in those scien
ces and a successful teacher. He was
besides raised on a farm and has stud
ied and practiced the application of
chemistry to agriculture
I must caution "Agricola" and the
friends of the University in regard to
one thing. We cannot at once carry
on a large farm. To do that would re
quire much more money that we can
afford, Whatever the University does
in this line must be done in the best
stifle. Its barns, horses, cattle, agri
cultural implements, &c, should be
We have not yet money to buy these
things on a large scale. We will how
ever analyze soils ana iertnizers and
we will try experiments in agriculture
carefully and liberally not only with the
chief southern crops but with plants
new to us. We will invite intelligent
farmers in every section to co-oporate
with us to experiment under our di
rections aud report to us. We will
publish all results.
Next week I go North to visit tae
principal industrial colleges. After
learning what they are doing I will be
better nble to give direction to this
branch of the University. Until the
trustees shall appoint a man to have
special charge of this practical work,
I will, with the assistance of my col
leagues, carry it on. We will do the
best possible with our means. If the
people will give us more money we
will do better still.
Thanking "Agricola'' and a thous
and other fiiends for their good will
and "God speed." Very truly,
Kemp P. Battle.
Town Creek ITleetinjr.
Town Creek, N. C,
August 26, 1876.
Mr. Editor : The Tilden and
Vance Club of Town Creek township
met to-day at Theese's store accord
ing to previous appointment, and
were addressed by John D. Bellamy.
jr., in an able ana iorcibie manner.
Mr. Bellamy was listened to with atten
tion and made a very favorable im
pression. Many predictions for the
future usefulness of Mr. B. were
heard. It was resolved to have a Til
deu and Vance flag, and a committee
was appointed to procure one. and
Saturday, September 23, at Theese's
store, was the time and place appoint
ed for raising it. A committee was
also appointed to procure speakers for
the occasion. The people of this
township are thoroughly aroused to a
Bense of their duty in this campaign
and are determined to do it.
The club meets at E. "R. Taylor's
store on Saturday, September 9, at
10 o'clock, a. m. Speakers will be
present to address the meeting.
LiiiTjiNGTON, Pender Co., N. C.
September 2d, 1876.
Mr. Editor: As Col. WaddelPs
appointment here is on the 5th of Oc
tober. the general mass meeting to
take place here on the 16th of Septem
ber has been postponed till the 5th of
October, at which time there will be
The other speakers to be present on
the 16th inst. will be present on the
DEATH OF REV. DR. IIOOPER.
Ilcsolutlons of tlie Faculty at
C Impel Hill.
University of North Carolina, )
Faculty. Rooms, v
August 25. 1876:
The loss sustained by the religious
and educational interests of the State
in the death of the Ilv. Dr. Hooper,
whose life, prolonged far beyond the
allotted pace of human existence,
has nfforded for po many years a bright
example of christian virtue, of rare
culture, and of singular social excel"
lenc;e, demand of the faculty of the
University a more than ordinary ex
pression of love and esteem and re
gret. His education wan received within
this institution, his early years were
passed here under the parental guid
ance of its first president, Dr. Cald
well; here in 181.6 he brought his bride
and began his life's work as preacher
and teacher. After many years of la
bor and with constantly increasing
reputation as scholar and divine, he
removed to South Carolina, and in her
college and schools fully maintained
his well-won repute. Returning to
North Carolina as president of
iue nscal year jnst ended, wo beg to
tender onr congratulations to the
Chamber at the brilliant prospect
Wake Forest, and in various oth
re educational institutions since,
he has been always identified with
the highest interests, associated with
our best and greatest men, one of the
fathers of the State, devoting with un
selfish aim to the service of his fellow
men talents and attainments which ;n
the academy and in the pulpit or with
me aia oi tne press were never
and which in other fields would have
secured him wealth and far wider
It was thought an omen of ood to
the lately revived University that Dr.
Hooper in his old age should have
been called in the providence of God
to make his home once more among
these the scenes f his early efforts,
and should bo present to participate
in the reopening festival. We hailed
with pleasure his venerable form on
our streets, listened with reverance
to his words of cheer aud of counsel
and hoped, as we noted his activity
ana tne unabated vigor in his mind,
that notwithstanding his eighty-four
years of toil, we might be thus privi
leged for years to come. If any man
livirg had claim to stand in loco ra-
rentes to the University oi North Car
olina it was surely Dr. Hooper.
Therefore, while submitting to the
will of God, which hath crathered
beloved and venerated friend to
rest as a shock of corn fully ripe.
That in the death of Dr. HooDer we
have lost a father and a friend not to
be replaced while this generation is on
the stuge. He gave the University
his best years, was during: his whole
life its staunch friend and shed on her
the luster of bis ripe and elegant schol
arship, his broad and catholic charity.
uis uu oiemisnea career as a most useful
and honest citizen and noble christian
That we will cherish to our later
hour the memory of his singular and
shining virtues and endeavor to instill
in the minds of the rising: ereneration
a general emulation of the virtues and
a lasting regard for the memories of
those venerable men of whom Dr.
Hooper was ihe last survivor, and to
whom the State of North Carolina is
so deeply indebted.
Ihat in the family eo lately be
reaved, we tender our heartfelt sym
pathy, and while we join our tears
for him they mourn, we remind them
that they sorrow not as those without
hope, for the just man, who "having
The bound of man's
appointed years, at
Life's blessincs all enioved. life's labors
Serenely to his final rest is gone,
While the soft memory of his virtues vet
Lingers like twilight hues, when the bright
sun is set."
Raleigh From the Sentinel:
The revenue collections in this
district last mouth were 873,327.84.
One million, one hundred and seventy
three thousand, four hundred and
seventy-eight two ounce tobacco
stamps were sold during this time.
The fabric of the cotton now com
ing in from the surrounding country is
finer than for a number of years past.
Cotton r merchants North are writing
here concjrniug the election.' They
say that if Uncle Sammy is elected
trade will at once improve aud get
once more on a safe, sound and solid
Yesterday the Secretary of State
paid over to the Public Treasurer
82,106 22 collected by him, as tax on
insurance companies doing business in
this State, during the month of Au
A band of gypsies passed through
this place yesterday going West.
Halifax From the Weld-on News:
- A large number of our citizens
assembled at Halifax ou Thursday, to
take part in the proceedings of the
democratic convention of the county.
Many questions were discussed, but
no aennite action was taKen by tne
convention as to what should be the
policy of the party in regard to the
nomination of candidates for the dif
ferent offices. This will be determined
on between this and election day. The
convention was a very large and re
- A very interes'iDg revival of
religion has bean going on at New
Hope, in this county, during this week.
Quite a number has been . converted
and the meeting still countmes.
Some unknown' person or per--
sons entered the Bleeping apartment
of Mr. J. O. Simmons near Midway,
in this county, on Thursday night, and
robbed him of a valuable watch.
Edward Conigland and A. J. Bur
ton, Esqs.,Col. D. G. Clark and others,
will soon begin the cxnvass in this
county and will thoroughly discuss the
issues of the day. Every portion of
the county will be visited and all should
turn out at the meetings.
Buncombe From the Ashevillc Citi
W. P. Fortune, who was recently
charged with forgery in South Caro
lina, and who escaped after being
bailed in this State was captured Mon
day night near his old home by Messrs.
James Ldford and George W. Young,
deputy sheriffs The Scnth Carolina
nnthorities had offered 83,000 reward
for his capture.
The Asheville Convocation of the
Epiucopal Church, met here ou Wed
nesday, at Trinity Church: Rt. Rev.
Bishop Atkinson, Revs. Neilson Palls,
Morganton; G. B. Wetmore, Bo wan
county; Edward Joyner, Stafcosville:
Mr. Deale, Murphy; Mr. Holmen, Lei
cester; Mr. Mori is, Shufordsville; Drs.
Buxton, Bueliaud Mr. Bell, Asheville.
A series of services characterized the
Many visitors have been in. Ashe
ville the past ten days. September and
October are the prettiest months of the
year, in the mountains. We hope to
see many during these months.
Hon. R. H. Smith and daughter
of Halifax, E. L. Smith of Charlotte,
A. T; London aud Mrs. John Londout
of Wilmington, were at the Eagle last
Vaiuntion "of Ileal and Personal
Priertf in the Ktate 'i'ite 1-1 ue
In 1873 the total valuation of real
and personal property in this State
was 813,723,833; in 1874 8129,953.
361, a falling off of 83,770,452
from 1873. In 1875 the total valua
tion was 812,546,023, a gain over
1873 of 88,822,210, over 1374 of 812,
592,662. It is more than probable that
the valuations ior 1876 will show a fall
ing off from those of 1875 as a compar
ison in the matter of land in the ab
stract of listed taxable from the two
counties of Currituck and Wilson show
this difference) in the two years: Wil
son county, valuation of land in 1875
81,007,156, in 1876, 01,000,527. Valu
ation of land in Ourritucfc in 1875,
8306,195; in 1876, 8276.156. We learn
that over one-half of the counties of
the State have sent in to the auditor
their abstracts of listed taxables for
1876. It is to be hoped that the
registers of deels in the remaining
counties will not be mnch behind
hand. Italtigh Sentinel.
The Smallest Steam Kngine,
An incident happened in Machinery
Hall yesterday afternoon which is well
worthy of recording, as it exhibits the
unparalleled advancement of American
genius in small as well as in great
While a large throng of visitors from
all countries were standing silently
around the mighty Corliss engine,
watching it, gigantic movements with
feelings partly of delight and partly of
awe, a tall, gentlemanly looking per
sonage, who aftewards gava his name
and address as Levi Taylor, of Indian
ola, joined the crowd, and with the
others paid unspoken yet eloauent
homage to the wonderous monster be
fore him. After watching the motions
for a few moments, the gentleman
passed around one side, and extract
ing from his pocket a small tin case,
took from it what looked lika a dim
inutive alcahol lamp, and striking a
match, started miniature flame and
placed the contrivance on the corner i
of the platform which surrounded the
mighty steam giant from Rhode Is
lacL At a first glauce nothing could
be discovered over this lamp but a
small excresence, which looked more
like a juvenile humming-bird than any
thing else, but a close inspection
showed what was mistaken forLilipu
tiou wings was the fly-wheel of a
perfect steam engine, and persons with
extra good eyes could, after a cloe
examination, diaeoer some of the
other parts of this curious piece of
This engine has for its foundation a
twenty-five cent gold piece, and many
of its parts are so tiny that they can
not be seen without a magnifying
glass. It has the regular steam guage,
and,, though complete in every partic
ular, the entire apparatus weighs only
seven grains, while the engine proper
weighs but three grains.
It is made of goid, steel, and plati
num. The fly-wheel is only three
fourths of an inch in diameter; the
stroke is one twenty-fourth of an inch,
and the cutoff one sixty-fourth of an
inch. The machinery, which can all
be taken apart, was packed in films of
silk. It is to be hoped that- this won
derful piece of work is to be placed on
exhibition alongside of its grand an
tithesis, but it is now probably- too
late to make an entry. YLxchange.
The Western Insane Asylum.
The commissioners of the western
iusance asylum met yesterday and the
day previous at the insane asylum.
The president, N. Mendenhall, Dr.
Eugene Grissom, Col. T. G. Walton,
and Capt. C. B. Denson were present,
fclon. J.C. Harper, of Caldwell, also
appeared and took his seat, to fill a
vacancy, making the board complete.
Reports were made of much interest
from the master builder, engineer and
architect, and the progress of the
work was found satisfactory. The walls
of both wings and the centre are
in rapid progress, over one and a
half millions of brick having been
laid, and twenty-six thousand are be
ing lafd daily, the force having been
recently iucuiased. The cost of laying
per thousand, including value of lime
and sand, is $2.89, being little more
than one-half of t.ie lowest bid of
twenty five contractors offered to the
commission. The work is being exe
cuted directly by the commission,
under the superintendence of Jas.
Walker of Wilmington, master builder.
Water is supplied from the South
Mountains by six inch irou pipes, and
is adequate to the future wants of tho
entire institution. It will save the
building of reservoirs, and the pur
chase of engines as it is received by
gravitv, with 168 fejt head. No an- n d
expenditure of pumping will bo re
quired, and no insurance, as the water
will be laid on every floor and over tho
dome. There is already a large daily
saving at the mortar beds by the use
of the water from the pipes. The iron
lintels and plates for lower course of
windows are uearly ready, and
good supplies of sand, lime and
other material on hand. The farm
laud was ordered to be rented for
the ensuing year. It was determined
to experiment by careful tests in re
gard t j Ihe quality of the clay in the
vicinity of the asylum, examine brick
machines, arrange for a supply of
wood, &c, in view of manufacturing
such brick as would be needed for the
further prosecution cf the work direct
ly by the commission upon the expira
tion of the present contract for three
millions. More has been accomplished
with the present contract than was an
ticipated, and the work will be vigor
ously prosecuted until winter. A re
port in full, with itemized expendi
tures, as requiied by lw, will be ren
dered to the General Assembly. Ral
Payingr Work for; Wide-Awaka
We understand that Cooke's LIFE
OF TILDEN, the only one authorized
by the great reform Governor, is now
ready for delivery. Every Democrat
should procure a copy of the Life of
our next President. We advise those
out of employment to apply to the
publishers for an agency at once, as
the book is having a largo sale. Ad
dress D. Appleton & Co., 549 and 551
Broadway, N. Y. dltwlt
Executive Oounuitteeol Hie I)mo
cra.it ic Party.
The following is an extract from the
records of the late Democratic State
State Central Executive Committee
W. R. Cox, Chairman ; R. H. Bat
tle, Jr., C. M. Busbee, Seaton Gales,
Samuel A. Ashe, Geo. H. Snow, W.
N. H. Smith.
From First District W. D. Pru
den, of Chowan, James E. Shep
herd, of Beaufort, E. C. Yellowley, of
Pitt, Moses Gilliam, of Bertie.
From Second District A. J. Gal
loway, of Wayne. R. B. Peebles, of
Northampton, J. D. Long, of Craven,
W. J. Greeny of Warren.
From Third District Joseph A.
Worth, of Cumberland, O. Tate Mur
jfiiy. of Sampson, J. N. Stallings, of
IDftplin, D. S. Cowan, of Brunswick.
IFrom Fourth District Henry A.
iiomdon, Jr., of Chatham, J. S. Amis,
ofGranville, D, W. Vick.of Johnston,
Tberiaas Webb, of Orange.
Fpom Sixth District H. C. Jones,
of Mecklenburg, E. R. Liies, of An
son, J. T. LeGrand, of Richmond,
"Wnuitowe, of Gaston.
If any recommendations were made
for tha First, Third, Fourth. Fif
Seventh and Eighth TUr--iCts, the
names o the persons bo recommend
ed to the Convention will please be
forwarded: to Gen. W. P. Cox.
Between He v. Sllaa Curtis of Nev
llampsHlre ana Itev, jr. W Unij
Jee. Colored, of Hickraond, Va.
Concord. N. H., July 26, 1876.
Dear Brother Dunjee: On the 12tf
instant I sent yon a check for 850 anj
have received no receipt or anythiu
from you since.
To-day I received a letter fro J
Harper's Ferry, in which is the folio J
ing sentence: "The report is currel
here that Bro. Dunjee has gone ova
to the rebels, and is going to stum
for Tilden and Hendricks. I am afr
it is so."
My dear Bro. D.. is there any trn
in that report ? Have you even had
thought of doing any such a thing ?
you have, I pray you pause before y
take a single step in that directio
Such a course would be a cause
great grief to all your true frien
and all the true lovers of freedom a
piety In doing this yon will brin
wound aud a reproach upon yoar ru3
sion work among freedmen. and ru
your own usefulness as a minister
Christ. How will all those feel wlf
have contribute 1 for your support
our mission-work for Richmond mee
ing house, &c, &c, if you now des&
your brethren and go over to the old reS
the haters of the colored men and tli
cause of freedom, and eive yonr i
fluence to strengthen the hands of fcurj
men as Jeff Davis, and those wl
murdered thousands and thousands
your colored brethren at the Sout!
within a few years past to preve
them from voting for the cause
their own God-given rights? O, th
cannot be; I will not believe it can
so till I hear more from von. Do wri
me by return mail, and send recei
for fifty dollars, and tell me if there
any foundat'on for the report to whiq
1 have alluded; and be entreated to d
no lurtner in tuac airection, it yq
nave taken no step, until you cousuj
your true friends, Brothers Morre
Brackett, Stewart, Burgess, Anothon
Uhase, &c, ceo.
uo not laii to let me near irom vq
at once, and give the facts on thl
subject. Yo jrs truly,
P. S. Tilden and Hendricks a
indentihed with the old rebel part
and will be supported by ex-reba
the Jen uavis stripe and those w
sympathized with them during t
war and since, and I would just
soon vote for Jeff Davis for Presided
as I would for Sam Tilden, the form
associate of Boss Tweed, of New Yor
as always a rebel sympathizer.
Richmond, Augupt 21, 1876.
Dear Brother Curtis: Yours
July 26th is before me, asking r
About rumors which yon have hea
in regard to my going over to tn
"rebels." First, I would state that
have tried to fulfill my whole duty
my worK here, and have not at ail
time neglected mv mission duties. N
man is more interestei in all that pe
tains to tne best welfare of the coj
ored people and their highest develop
merit. So. I have tried to conduct ml
self and teach my people that it i
their Christian duty to make friend
with the white people of the Soutq
among whom tey live. This caa bj
done without sacrificing any priucip
or manhood, in fact, the Souther
people do not ask the colored peop
to compromise a single right. Bi
we, who live here, see the great impor
ance of a full and manly reconciliatio
between the two races. This can b
done by dividing the colored vote be!
tween the two parties. As soon as
is thus divided, they will cease to b
ait obiect oi ostracism and boue ch
contention. Both parties will the
treat them with dua respect!
Take Virginia, for instance: he whit
people of this State are as friend
ly to the colored people as they ar
anywhere in America, the most friend
ly feelings exist between the two races!
What we who are mterssted in th
great cause of humanity are endeavod
ing to do is to break down all colo
lines and altogether forget slavery, th
war and the past, and to go on to high!
er attainments and a broader Christian
manhood. I believe the white peopl
of the South are true in the profession
thev are now making. They do no
desire any more slavery; they wi
stand bv all the results of the wa
thev are in the Union to go out n
more forever. They are laboring nobl
in our State for publi 3 education, with
out reard to color. I have every righ
in Richmond that I would have
J3o8ton. They do all for the colored peqj
pie in a benevolent way they can dq
You know tde late war laid its wither
ing hand upon the South, and then
are many poor jeople, both white an
black; notwithstanding there are man
of the white gentlemen who have conf
tributed laretiv to mission work fa
our people in Richmond and othd
places in the South. There are 31, 0Q
colored people in this cit who are di
pending on the whites for the breal
tbey eat. Many poor people of cold
would starve to death here, but for tli
kindness of the whites in giving the
shelter aud food, xou can have n
idea of the true condition of thing
here. Now. in the face of all thet
facts, I do not think the white peop
of the South very dangerous rebels.
Just a word about some or oil
tronbles. You have heard much ta
about carpet-baggers. You have
idea of the amount of trouble thes
men have given us. Men who were
the worst character in the North, wlJ
were from the lowest haunts of Ne
York and Boston, men as bad as crim
could make them, who were negr
haters in the North, have come Sout
and taken advantage of the colore!
people, and have been elevated
places of high trust in our State go
ernments for the sole purpose
their part to plunder the public. Th
same class of men have arrayed tl
colored neonle aeramst the whites id
Dolitical Durposes and when troub
comas, desert them. All the mo
which we have in the South have bee
gotten np by bad men, I know
have bad some lawless white ma
hero, but the good people of t
South must not blamed for their acfJ
You have them at the North w
vou. This wild and fruitless co!f
test has been coming oa tr
yeats, and who are the suffe'""
ers ? The colored men, beiutr tix&
weaker party always lose grnd and
must at last go to the wtli if the fight
is kept up. I know you in New Hamp
shire may not see this matter as 1 do.
but I tell you the negro of the .South
must go under if the policy of Jast
few years i to be continued Now if
the Horn Mission Board dwbms
me for ihese sentiments I regret it,bnt
cannr yield my honest convictions. I
am tJ 1 ot make them 8ee the
rintf ulnew of my position.
You ask me what the persons who
have contributed from time to time for
my support would think. To this I
would say, if they understand my true
position,they would,I think, make those
UVour Life Worth (O ,ent J
Sickness prevails everywhere, and
everybody complains of some disease
during their life. When sick, the ob
ject is to get well; now to say plainly
that no person in this world that is
suffering with Dyspepsia, Liver Com
plaint and its effects, such as Indi
gestion, Costiveness, Sick Headache,
Sour Stomach, Heart Barn, palpita
tion of the Heart, Depressed Spirits,
Billiousness, fec., can take Green's
August Flower without getting re
lief and enre. If you doubt this, go
to your Druggists, Green & Flanner
and J. C. Munds and get a Sample
Bottle for 10 cents and try it. Regu
lar size 75 cents. Two doses will re
lieve yon. ta thurs sat
NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC PLATFORM,
Adopted at St. Louis, June 28, 1S76.
We, the delegates of the Democratic par
ty of the United States, in national con
vention assembled, do hereby declare the
administration of the Federal Government
to he in urgent need of immediate reform ;
do hereby enjoin upon the nominees ot
this Convention, and of the Democratic
prty in each State, a zealous effort and
co-operation to this end, and do hereby
appeal to our fellow-citizens of every foi -
mer political connection to undertake with
us this first and most pressing patriotic
duty tor the Democracy of the whole
We do here reaffirm our faith in the per
manency of the Federal Union, our devo
tion to the Constitution of the United
States, with its amendments, universally
accepted as a hnal settlement of the con
troversies that ensrenaerea tne civil war
and do here record OHr steadfast confidence
in the perpetuity of republican self-govern
ment; fin an absolute acquiescence in
tne will ot the majority, the vital princi
ple of the Republic ; in the supremacy of
the civil over the military authority ; m
the total separation of Church aud State,
for the sake alike of civil and religious
freedom ; in the equality of all citizens be
fore just laws of their own enactment; in
the liberty of individual conduct unvexed
by sumptuary laws : in the faithful edu
cation of the rising generation tut they
may preserve, enjoy and transmit these
best cond.ticus of human happiness and
hope. We behold the noblest products of a
hundred years of changeful history; but
while upholdine the bond or our Union
and great charter of these our rights, it he
hooves a free people to practice also that
eternal vigilance which is the price of lib
the need of the hour'
Reform is necessary" to rebuild and
establish in the hearts of the whole people
the Union, eleven years ago happily res
cued from the dnger of a corrupt central
ism, which, after inflicting upon ten States
the rapacity of carpetbag tyrannies, has
honeycombed the offices of the Federal
government itself with incapacity, waste
and fraud, infected States Mid munici
palities with the contagion of misrule, ami
locked fast the property of au industrious
people in the paralysis of hard times.
Reform is necessary to establish a sound
currency, restore the public credit, and
maintain the national honor.
radical finance denounced.
We denounce the failure for all these
eleven years to make good the promise of
the legal tender notes, which are a chang
ing standard of value in the hands of the
people, and the non-payment of which is a
disregard of the plighted faith of the nation.
We denounce the improvidence which,
in eleven years of peace, has taken from
the people in i ederal taxes thirteen times
the whole amount of the legal tender
notes, and squandered four times this sum
in useless expense, without accumulating
any reserve lor their redemption.
We denounce the financial imbecility of
that party which, during eleven ye rs of
peace, has made no advance toward re
sumption ; that instead, has obstructed re
sumption by wasting our resources and
exhaustiug all our surplus income, and
while annually professing to intend a
speedy resumption to specie payment, has
annually enacted fresh hindrances thereto.
As such a hindrance we denounce the re
sumption clause of the act of 1875, and we
here demand its repeal.
democratic finance demanded.
We demand a judicious system of pre
paration by public economies, by official
retrenchments and by wise finance, which
shall enable the nation to assure the whole
world of its perfect ability and perfect
readiness to meet any of its promises at
the call of the creditor entitled to payment.
We believe such a system well devised, and
above all, entrusted to competent hands
for execution, creating at no time an arti
ficial scarcity of currency, and at no time
alarming the public mind into the with
drawal of that vast machinery of credit by
which 95 per cent, of all business transac
tions are performed a system open, public
and inspiring general confidence, would,
from the day of adoption, bring healing on
its wings to all our harassed industry, and
set in motion tho wheels ot commerce,
manufactures and the mechanical arts ;
restore employment to labor, and renew;
in all its national source, the prosperity of
reform in taxation.
Reform is necessary in the sum and
mode of Federal taxation so that capital
may be set free from distrust and la
bor lishtlv burdened. We denounce
the present tariff levied upon nearly
five thousand articles as a master
piece of injustice, inequality and false
pretence. It yields a dwindling, not
a yearly rising revenue. It has impover
ished many industries to subsidize a few ;
it prohibits imports that might purchase
the products ot American labor ; it has ae
traded American commerce from the first
to an inferior rank upon the high seas. It
has cut down the sales of American manu
factures at home and abroad, and depleted
the return of American agriculture or in
dustry, followed by half our people. It
costs the people five times more than it
produces to the treasury, obstructs the
processes cf production, and wastes the
fruits of labor. It promotes fraud and
fosters smuggling, enriches dishonest offi
cials aud bankrupts honest merchants. We
demand that all customhouse taxation shall
be only for revenue.
ret enchment in expenses.
Uef .rm is necessary in the scale of pub
lic expense, Federal, State and municipal
out of Federal taxation has swollen from
$00,000,000 gold, in 1800, to $450,000,000,
currency, in 1870. Our aggregate taxa
tion was from $184,000,000, gold, inlSGO
to $7;J0,000,000, currency, in 1S70, or in
one decade less than $8 per head to more
than $18 per head. Since the peace the
people have paid to their tax gatherers
more than thrice the sum of the national
debt, and more than twice that sum for
the Federal Government alone. We de
mand a vigorous frugality in every depart
ment and from every officer of the gov
ernment. WASTV OF THE I'L'BI.IC LANDS.
Reform is necessary to put. a stop to the
profligate wastes of the public 1 nds a;id
their diversion from settlers by the paity
in power which has squandered two hun
dred millions of acres upon railroads alone,
and out of more than thrice that aggregate
has disposed of less than a sixth directly
to tillers of the soil.
CUaiiTIAII CTTI3ENS AND HEATHEN
Reform is necessary to correct the mis
takes of the Republican Congress and the
errors of our treaties, auyi our diplomatic
relations which have stripped our adopted
citizens of foreign birth and kindred race
recressing the Atlantic, of the shield of
American citizenship, aud have exposed our
brethren of the Pacific coast to the Incur
sions of a ra not sprung from the same
trreat parent stock, and in fact now by law
denied citiz nship through naturalization,
as being nei;her accustomed to the habits
of a progressive civilization, nor exercised
in liberty under equal laws. We denounce
the policy which thus discards the liberty
loving German and tolerates the revival of'
the Coolie trade in Mongolian women, im
ported far immoral purpose?, and Mongo
lian men hired to perform servile labor con
tracts, and demand such modification by
Congress within a constitutional limita
tion, as shall prevent the further importa
tion or immigration of the Mongolian race.
BKFOBM 18 THE CAMPAIGN ISfcUE.
' Reform Is necessary, and can never be ef
fected hut by making it the controlling kroe
of the election, lifting itabove the two false
issues with which the office-holding class
and the party In power seek to smother it.
The false Issue with which they oule
enkindle sectarian strife in respect to thd
public schools, of which the establishment
and support belong exclusively to the aev-
eral States, and which the Democratic par
ty has cherished from their foundation,
aud resolved to maintain without parti
zanry or preference for any class, sect or
creed, and without contributing from the
Treasury to any the false issue by which
they seek to light anew the dying embers
of sectional hatred between kindred peo
ple, once unnaturally estranged, but now
reunited iu one indivisible Republic and a
REFORM IN THE CIVIL 6ERVICE.
Reform is necessary in the civil service.
Experience proves that the efficient, eco
comical conduct of the governmental busi
ness is not possible if its civil service be
subject to change at every election be a
prize fought for at the ballot-box be a
brief reward of party zeal, instead of posts
of honcr, assigned for proved competency
and held for fidelity in the public employ
ment. That the dispensing of patronage
should neither be a tax upon the time ot
all our public men, nor the instrument ot
their ambition. Here again professions
falsified in the performance, attest that the
party in power can work out no practical or
REFOBM AMvNG THE HIGHEST PUBLIC
Reform is necessary even m re in the
higher grades of public service President,
Vice President, Judges, Senators, Repre
sentatives, Cabinet officers. These offi
cers, and others in authority, are the peo
ple's servants. Their offices are not a pri
vate perquisite; they are a public trust.
When the annals of this Republic show the
disgrace and censure of a Vice President;
a late Speaker of the House of Representa
tives marketing his rulings as a presiding
officer; their friends profiting secretly by
their votes as lawmakers ; five chairman
of the leading committees of the late House
of Representatives exposed in jobbery; a
late Secretary of the Treasury forcing bal
ances in the public accounts; a late At
torney General misappropriating public
funds ; a Secretary of the Navy enriched or
enriching his friends by percentages levied
olfthe profits of contractors with his De
partment; an ambassador to England cen
sured for a dishonorable speculation; the
President's private secretary barely escap
ing conviction uimhi trial for guilty compli
city in frauds upon the revenue; a Secre
tary ot W ar impeached for high crimes and -
confessed misdemeanors the demonstra
tion is so complete that the first step in
reform must be by the ieop!e, or honest
men from another party. The disease of
one political organization infests the body
politic aud thereby making no change ot
men or partj, we can et no change ot
measures and no reforms.
RADICALS AND RADICALISM MUST BE
DRIVEN FROM POWER.
All these abuses, wrongs and crimes
the product of the sixteen years
ascendancy of the Republican party
create a necessity for reform, con
fessed by Republicans themselves. But
their reformers are voted down in con
vention and displaced from the Cabinet.
The mass of honest voters is werless to
esist the eighty thousand office-holders
its leaders and guides.
Reform can only be had by a peaceful.
civic revolution. We demand a change of
system; a change of administration; a
change of patties that we may have a change
riatform of the Democratic Party In
North Carolina, adopted by the De
mocratic State Convention at Ra
leigh, on 14th June, 1S7G.
Whekeas, Ihe republican party ot
the United States, for the last sixteen
years, has had the complete control ot
the government in all its departments.
and by its disregard of Constituted
limitations; by its unequal and oppressive
taxation; by its extravagant and wasteful
expenditui es; by its unwise aud mischie
vous financial policy; by its official corrup
tion pervading all branches of administra
tion has brought disg a c upon our gov
ernment and unparalleled distress upon
our people; therefoie
Resolved, 1. That in this centennial year
of t ur existence, we invite all patriots to
ignore all dead issues, to disregard the pre
judices engendered by past event', and to
unite with us in tha ell'ort to restore a con
stitutional, honest, economical and pure
administration of the government, and thug
promote the general welfare and happiness
of the country.
Resolved, 2. That we earnestly and cor
dially recommend the adoption, by the
people, of the amendments to the Consti
tution proposed by the Convention of 1875,
and thus largely reduce the expenditures of
our State and county governments and
simplify their administration, so that we
may be enabled to establish a thorough
and enlarged system of public schools for
the benefit of all the citizens of the State.
Resolved 3. That notwithstanding our
repeated disappointments and impoverish
ed condition, we still cherish the North
Carolina project so long labored for by
Morehead, Saunders, Fisher, Win. II
Thomas aud others, of uniting the harbors
of Beaufort and Wilmington with the. great
west ; and for the completion of the Wes
tern North Carolina Railroad to Point Rock
and Ducktown, and of our other untinish
d railroads, we pledge the continued use
of the convict labor of the State, nnd of
such other judicious legislative aid as will
secure the completion of these great State
works at the earliest practicable jx-riod.
Resolved 4. That the jeople of North
Carolina now have it in their power by au
earnest, determinated and united effort, to
relieve om people from the evils of repub
lican misn.le, extravagance aud corruption,
and restore the prosperity of our State.
Resolved o. That we denounce oiiicial
corruption wherever found, and we hold
honesty to the hrst ami highest quaiui
cation for office.
National Itemocratlc Executive Com
Alabama Walter Ij. Bragg.
Arkansas John T. Summer.
California F. McCopiu.
Colorado B. M. Hughes.
Conneiticin. Win. H. Barnum.
Delaware Robinson Ilickmam.
Florida.. Wilk Call.
Georgia George Harney.
Illinois Win. C. Grady.
Indiana Thomas Folin.
Iowa M. M. Ilamvj
Kansas J. E. Eaton.
Kentucky II. I AlcIIenry.
Louisiana U. T. Jones.
Maine Edmund Wilson.
Missouri -.Job G. Precot.
Maryland . Horsey.
Massachusetts r . Price.
Miehigau E. Tainter.
Oregon Ex-Gov. John Whitaker.
Nevada Robt. P. S. Keathing.
Nebraska Geo. L. Milier.
North Car ilina. . .M. W. Ra- som.
Minnesota W. E. Eochran.
New York Abrain L. lie welt.
Virginia Robeit A. Coghill.
New Ham ; shir . . A. M. Swllaway.
Rhode Isla id Nicholas Van Slack.
Tennessee W. B. Bate.
South Car 'Una. . .Jaims II. Ryan.
Mississippi. lhal Harkdale.
Veimont. . .
.13. B. Smalley.
. . .Miles Cox.
. . Wm. E. Scott.
F. S. Ntoekdale.
West Virg .ia.
Keep Ihn Liver Active.
Tli? :i!wvo is a Bound health ntaxim. In onlt?
tlietUio luurt)iES of diitaon, -v!iiiiatnn and
sec retion fball l- discharged witli rJiaf d-f,Tee of
regularity and vi))r w icti in c iiiia! t th well
being oi Inuk b"dy : :il niim!, the liver, vpon
whose activity t l ey ai r dein-nd- nt for their due
lHii-fonnaiice, rai;st lx kept in &xY working or
der. Calomel ai.d blue pi'K l" !i'ie being hurt
ful mtnenil clru?, only pa many aim temporarily
rectify disorder or nluR sillier ot the great
biliary gUnJ. HostetterV Stomach Biit-i.., on
the contrary, a conipiirtii uiorougniy woai wie
above medic iut law u uoing, "re neMuea a
safe as well as potent remedy for disorders of the
stomach, lowels and organs of urination, as well
as an unequalled general invigorant. They an,
moreover, a Bteriiag aatidotc to malaria.