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." , 6EXEBAL. ORDEUS. NO. 107. - War Department, Adjutant General's Office, I .'a IVaskiitnton AuvHxt 15. 1862. i Ji. QKoersof tlia regular army will, as a general e, receive leaves at absence to accept the rank of Uotanel o voluuteer regiments, Dut not lowt-i ffrade. ftoncommissioned officers and privates will be discharged on receiving cominieiions in vol trotter regiments. II.'Tlimtb of allegiance will not beadministered tanyipi im against hi own will; it must to ail eases be a voluntary act on his part. Nor will any sojnpss'sery parole f honor be received. But oaths taken, and paroles given, to avoid arrest. detention, loiprisonment, or expulsion, are volun tarr or free acts, and cannot be regarded as com pufsory. All persons guilty of violating such oath orparoles will be punished according to the laws ana neages ot war. ill The laws of the United States and the gen eitllawsof war. authorize, in certain cases, the aeicunsand conversion of private property for the nosisienco transportation, ana otner uses oi the army ; but this must be distinguished from pillage and the taking ot nronertv for vvllie nirroosei ii ry different from its conversion to ornate uses AO pr perty lawfully taken frusi the enemy, or ttbs toe incanitant oi an enemy s country, instant . It becomes tmblic property, anil must be used and aaeeaated for as neb.- The &M Article of War authorises the penalty of death for pillage or plnn- uyrag. sou OLuer articles auiiionze severe panisil meats foranr officer or soldier who shall sell, em bezzle, misapply, or waste military stores, or who hall permit the waste or misapplication of any such pnolie property. The penalty is the same whether ins etrenc t committea in our own or in an nemy'a territory. .IT. AU property, public or pisvate, taken from ijegea enemies, non so lLveonmeu ana amy ac counted for. If the property taken be claimed as private, receipts must be given to such claimants or their agents. Officers will be held strict 1 ac countable for all property taken by the in or by their -aotnomy, ana it must oe retarnea ior, tne uns as any otner puouc property. - V. Where foraging parties are sent out for pro visions or other stores, the commanding officer ;of such party will be held accountable tor the conduct ot ins command, ami win make a true report ot all property taken. VI. No officer or soldier will, without authority. leave his colors or ranks, to take private property, or to enter a private house for that purpose. All such acts are punishable with death, and an officer who permits them is eqcally as guilty as the actual pillager. , VH Commanding officers of armies and corps will be held responsible for the execution of tuese orders in their respertive commands. liy command or Major General Halleck, tienerat-in-Chief of the Army : - - E. 1. TOWNSEAO, Assistant Adjutant General, NEW BERN R0GR1 NEWSPAPER, 13 OR THE I3 E O PL E , VOLUME 5. NEWBERN, N. C, SATURDAY, JANUARY 24, 1863. NUMBER 94. OFFIOIALi. I. j Headquarters. Department North Caroli Kewbern, Oct. 15, 19. GENERAL OEDEESNO. 49. All officers, men and citisens are strictly forbid. den to go on board of any of the steamers arriving at this port by means of boats or otherwise, until me vessel is oroperiy secured to tne wnart. The Provost Marshal will see that tbia order is implicitly obeved and that no odd ex cent nersnns connected with these Headquarters and with the office of Capt. Slaght, A. Q. M., will be allowed to go on board under any pretext whatever. uy command oi Bint wn.rom, SOUTH A KD HOFFMAN, Assistant Adjutant General. Clrcalar Order. HrsDOUAKTEKS, J Department North Carolina. Newberne, N. C. Sept. 26, 1863. Provost Marshal's Orrici. Newbern, Jan', 12, i863 The duties of the sentinels, in Addition to the 1 duties hud down in the Army Regolntions, will be I to preserve order within the limits? of their beats, I to see tnat no property is injured, no bouses entered wimoui proper antnority, no citizen abused or in sulted; that no soldier passes his post without a pass from the'Colonel of bis reziment: thatno sai lor passes bis post, with Jul a pass from the captain I of his ship, and that, alter dark, neither soldier f nor sauor tie auowea to pass. Every soldier or sailor found in the streets after daik, will be arrested, the Sergeant of the guard called, and the offender handed over to him, to be conducted to the Guard House. All disorderly per sons at any time, will be arrested and handed over to the Sergeant of the Guard. In case of any disorderly or riotous persons re-1 rasing to obey the orders ot tne sentinel, the sentl- uei shall use lus arms, it tne onenaer cannot Do cured in any oth er way. I o resist or assault a a A New Yankee Doodle. BY J. a. G1LMORE. Xankee Doodle came to town " To view the " situation," Aid found the world all npside down. A rumpus in the nation ; , Ht heard all Europe laugh in scorn, "And call him but a noodle: Xaugh on !" he cried; "as sure's you're born il still am 1 aokee Doodle Chants Yankee Doodle, &o. The great and unnecessary waste of gas in the tinel. is one of the gravest of military offences, and I - ji; He found the ragged Southern loom ' A-training like tarnation; They'd stolen all bis silver spoons . 'And rifled his plantation ; 'Til wait awhile," he quietly said ; .-1 "Tbey may restore the plunder, . But if tbey don't, I'll go ahead And thrash them well, by thunder! auarters oocnDied by the officers and men of this commana, calls tor immediate aueatiozz and correction. The expense of making gss. is. of course. larire. ana pmu, m&raiy, oy ine government. Soldiers in quarters, are subject to the same rules ss to lights, as if in camp, and Company Com manders will see that they are strictly carried ont. Officers are emoinea to see that as little waste as possioie taxes place, in tlieir respective quarters. IT order ot JUiii. Gen. J. G. roster. SOUTHARD HOFFMAN, Asst. Adj. Gen. 11 KADOtTAl'TK 8. Department of North Carolina. Sew Berne, Sept. 24, 18W2. Head Quarters, ) Deparini nt of North Carolina, Newberne, Nov. 29, lGi ) SPECIAL ORDEE NO. 183. Rev. James Means, is hereby appointed Super Intendant of all the Blacks in this Department. The chiefs of the different Departments having blacks under their charge, will report to him; and be will be obeyed and respected in all matters connected Wltn tne negroes in 1.1113 commana. By command of Mai. Gen. J. G. Foster, SOUTHARD HOFFMAN, . Assistant Adjutant General. In accordance with the above Order, all those who employ Blacks in th public service in this Department will report tome, monthly, their names, employment, number of days work, with dates, and rate of pay, beginning with December. Office, Mrtea!f street, corner of New street. JAMES MEANS, Superintends t ot Blacks. Depabtmxxt op North Caboliha, Newberne. Dec. 111. lUbi. t An export duty of five per cent, on all cotton and maes, ana on an naval stores, ana 011 an wood and lumber, shipped from any port in this Department will be charged from this date. - , Masters of vessels carrying any of the articles above named, must exhibit their freight list to the several Chief Quarter-Mantels, at these ports, be fore they can obtain a clearance. ' The amounts due for the duty , will be paid to said S darter-Masters, or in their aotence to the Provost arshal, until further orders. AU orders heretofore issued in relation to export duties, are annnlled, by order of Maj. Gen. Foster. By order of Governor Stanly. " UANIEL MESSr.VOER. - SPECIAL ORDERS, IV O. 54. Captain Daniel Mesfincer, A. Q. M-. is hereby ordered to investigate and examine into the ship ments from tfais Doint of cotton, etc.. since the oc. cupationof iVew iierne by our forces. ile will endeavor to discover ir ho nave shipped, and how. cotton seised by the U. S. Government. ana seni away wiuioui proper autnoriiy. AU officers of the army will afford Caot. Maaki ti ger any facility in the discharge of this duty. A V VUIUU1BUU Ul JUnj. UCU'w.Vr. aTimTer, JOHN F. ANDERSON, laeut, and Acting Ass't Adj't GeneraL . Hkad Odarters. Department of North Carolina .newborn, Sept lfi, ltSoi 8PECIAL. ORDERS No. 38. - , , Rarticsilar Notice. " On and after this date all .persons are forbid bring Ing to this city for sale, any Tar, Pitch. Ro in. Tur pentine, Cotton. Shingles or Wood, without a writ ten permit trom the owners thereof, which permit must bo countersigned by the Provost Marshal, who rill ascertain before countersigning whether the owners of said article? are loyal. And all traders are hereby enjoined not to purchase or sell any of the above articles in violation of this order. By command of Gv. Edward Stanly : DANIEL MESS1NGER, Provost Marshal. HlC ADO tT ARTE RS, Department ot North Carolina New Berne. Sent. 11?. 18tii After the 15th day of September only 2 clerks iu each of the Department Offices will be allowed to commute their rations at 75 cents per day. AU other detailed men will, after that date, either draw their rations or coin mote them at tne cost oi the ration at thin pontj Kach mets of 6 detailed men will be allowed one con. raband as cook, whose pay will be eight uol Iars per month. By command of Mai. Oeu. J. G. Foster : SOUTHARD HOFFMAN, Asxiutant Adjutant General. Head-Qttartkbs, Department of North Carolina, NewBerne, November 21 18i GENERAL OKDERS. No. Hereafter no negroes will be allowed to cut Wood within the limits of this Department, without a written permission from Hie Excellency, Edward Stanly, Military Governor, or f-om the owners of the land on which such wood i cut, except euch negroes are employed by the Quarter 1M a a tors De partment to cut wood for the u&e of the Troops in this Command. By command of Maj. Gen. J. G Foster. SOUIUAKD HOFFMAN, Asst. Adjt. General. The firine of cannon or musketrv at this nort for oractice. is herebv discontinued excebt bv suecial order from these Headqnarters. iy command ot Alaj. Gen. r uster: SOUTHAliD HOFFMAN, Ais't Adj't Gen. Head OtJARTKBg Departnicut of North Carolina, atsw Hern, Aug. dd, lito-i. GENERAL OBDEES No. 8 All Vessels are forbidden to leave any port in this Department and take any person of color who did not arrive on the vessel, or who has not a pass from the General or other officer commanding, or from the Military Governor. All vessels of every description violating this or der will be liable to confiscation and her master will be severely punished. . no vessel snail nave any port in tuis department until the master shall take an oath that he has cot any such person on beard and will not allow any such person to come or remain on board. It is the duty ef the Harbor master or other per- insnsnnto snpointnil w esas acupy ot turn order MJ tl A, lie AD Qoartf.bs. ' iJepartxhxt or North Cakouw New Berne, November 28, 18b: SPECIAL NOTICE. Special notice dated Nov. 18th. relieving; Captain Daniel Messinifer from duty, as I napeetor of titles to Tar, Turpentine, Cotton, and other Merchandise, having been issued under misapprehension, is hereby revoked. Captain Meprtiner will rontinue i to perform the duties connected with thnt otliue as ' heretofore. By command of Mij. Gen. J. G. Foster, SOUTH A KD HOFFMAN, Assistant Adjutant General. Dsr artmknt of North Carolina, Newberne, Nov. 17, I8t2. Philip Pipkin, of this town, is hereby appointed inspecterof Tar and Turpentine, and is to be respect ed as such. He is authorized to charge ten cents per barrel for inspection. All persons are forbidden to sell any Tar or Tur pentine, without haviDg each bairel inspected by him. EDW. STANI.Y, Military Governor of Nertli Carolina. HrAmjOARTERS, y ihthfxt or North Oakomka, Nkw Kkhnk, Sept. 23d. 112. ) DirA SPECIAL ORDER. NO 03. Cpt. Daniel Mensinger, A. Q. M., is hereby np )mnted to investt'cfite titles of property to be shipped fron. thib port, and will bo obeyed and re spected accordingly. liy command of Maj. Gen. Foster, Southard llorr-MAN, Asst. Adj. lien. IfsAnorARTrRS, Militfirv Governor of N. CsroMna New Heme. June 2i lHtii Dr. J. G.Trix will from the dste of this older as sume rhattre ot" all vacant and abandoned build ing in Newbern, with power to assign, to lease, and rent the same. By command of GOV. STASLY. J. Ltvax Van Buke.n, Militmy Se"-etary. S62. J . th ring preserve said report till called for by the Provost juarniini or umer ujiieei auiiiuiicc-j iu icuve tk. Hy command of Maj General J. G. Foster: SOUTHARD HOFFMAN, Ass't Adj't Gen. Headq.car.tcr3, Department of N. C. ? New Berne. June 12. 1862 ( Dr. J. G. Tull. is herebv appointed City Inspec tor ot new Heme, witn Dower to assess ana coneoi rents and gas rates, and will be obeyed and respect ed accordingly. ny command ot itov. rwanry: J. LYMAN VAN BUliEN, Military Secreiary Departmkwt or Nokth Carolixa, Qdaktermastkrs Defartmkkt, Newbern, Sept. 2(i, 186. Smcial Notice to Commntics Quarter in tutcn. 1. The gas must be turned off from all burners in Company quarters, at the proper hour for the ex tinguishment of lights, and but one light will be used iu the hall duriutr the night, and that turned low. 2. Company officers will see that this order is carried out, and that all diligence is used in econo mizing eas. 3. Officers quartered in town will not use any more ourners nor coniiuue iiyiiLo mim i.uau wnucv iute necessary, in their own quarters. By eommnnd of Mi Gen. J. G. Foster, J AS. C. SLAGHT, Capt. and A. Q. M Important Order. Headquarters. f Department of North Carolina, New Heme, April 28, 1862. GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 28. Whoever, afterthe issue of this order shall, with in the limits to which the Union Arms may extend in this Department, utter one word agninst the Gov ernment of these United states, win be at onee ar rested and closely confined. It must be distinct!-.' understood that tins iiepnrtment is under .nartiai Law, and treason exprei-sed or implied, will meet with a sneedv punishment. The Military liovernor ot jew Heme is cnargea with the strict execution of this order, within the bounds ot Ins control. By command of Mjor General Hurnside : LEffls RICH MONO, Ass't Adj't GeneraL will snbiect the offender to severe punishment. , Comuiissioned Officers do not require a pass, but no uih win reiiuuixeu 3 an umcer. wiluuui um uniform, and the shoulder straps, which indicate his rank. Gold lace on the sleeve of a naval officer is an evidence of rank as antficer. Nu officer of the Guard df Sentinel has authority to release from arrest any Prisoner of the Provost Guard. The non-commissioned Officer er Sentinel in charge of Prisoners will be held responsible for I any escapes. No pass for a soldier or sai'or is cood. except it be countersigned Dy toe commanding onicer ot Ins regiment or vessel. Any soldier or sailor without a pass properly countemigned. will be arrested and confined in the Guard House. I No person is allowed to sell "spirituous liouors to soiuiers, sauors or negroes, upon any pretest what ever An attempt to evade this order will be treat ed with the same severity as an open violation of I : . u ; - . . r, : : i - I ii. mi j jicim'u kuiok ivb iumuiinaionea umcer, upon u oruer purporting io come irom mm, will De held responsible for the genuineness of the order All Sutlers are prohibited from sellinsr Lienors hv the glass to any Commissioned, non-commissioned onicer, or private soldier, sailor or citizen. Any violation of this order will subject the party offend. ineio a neavy nne as wen as lorxeiture ot his Dnvi leire to keeD a Store in the citv nf Newhern No parcel can be sent by Express except bv a Bpeciai peruiiL irom ine xrovosi jaaronai. No person shall water a horse or mule within fifty feet ot a pump. No person shall wash at a pump, or clean fish. or ueposit uuii oi any ainn, at or near a pump Citizens will be allowed to pass and repass in the city during good behavior until nine o'clock P. M. After nine o'clock no pass is good except a special I one trom the Provost Marshal, or from Head (Quarters. The Provost Marshal, w instructed to allow no one from without our lines to land in this city, unless tney come- here to trade ; and all such persons-must oo uiaue ivianu at some given pome, ana no wnere j else, A guard ot several men mnst be placed there, and those people be allowed no communicntion with the cit:xeua of Newbern except in the presence of one of the guard; and they must not be allowed to I go about the city, it they want to trade at the stores, a party of them can go at a time, under charge ot a guard, loese orders must be strictly cornea ont. AH persons arriving in skin mmv to trade will imme diately report themselves-ae the office of the Pro vost Marshal: and no boats are allowed to land at any wharf or dock, except those at the foot of Pol lock street. All strangers found in the city, who nave not reportea as above oraereu, wui De arrested and dealt with summarily. All persons are forbid hitching Horses to anr of I lUIIITn IHIB DIUDf .1 m- . . - .n,. . .. . I ivj luiiuu vrx a xe irj VI i . All persons are forbid firine eruns. pistols, or can- non. in any of the t-treets. lanes, alleys, or kits within this city. No fireworks will be burnt or I inless by a special permit ot the .frovoat aiar shall. to sail and See that the oath above been taken. It shall be the duty of the master of every vessel to make a written report during every voyage of ., , . . , ... I wiimn 1111s coy. ju uiewm win un uwhi e names oi every person on ooero sam jesse. uu- fi d , fe a M mitof Provost M ig said voyage, except soldiers in service, and to I , .. j r r Whereas many non commissioned officers and privates who are npon detached set vice, clerks. teamsters and orderlies, are in the habit ot leaving off their proper uniforms and appearing in officers undress, or citizen's apparel, very much to the prejudice of good order and discipline of the service, it is hereby ordered, That all such persons at once appear in tneir proper uniforms, or they will be arrested and pun ished. All negroes are forbidden to wear the button of the Army snd all officers are hereby enjoined to see that their servants comply with this regulation. Hereafter no fences, or parts of fences, in this town, shall be removed without the written order of Capt. Darnel Messinger. Div. Qr. Mas tel. Fast driving (by officers or men) is strictly pro hibited witl.ir. the limits of the city. Sentries will arrest all violating this order. Hereafter dead horses must be taken by the Keg- iment. Battery. &c to which they belong, at least one mile Irom town and at once buried the grave to be not less man six met aeep. Regiments, Butteries, &c, will at once take the necessary steps to bury such dead horses as be longed totheirrespective commands, and at present lying unburled. Commanaing otneers win see to tne lull anu prompt carrying out of this order. Uy order ot maj. ues. J. ii. M1STKK, Com,18th Army Corps. DANIEL MESSINGEK, Provoi t Marshal. Heapoitarters, Department of North Carolina, New Berne, Sept. 24, 1862. GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 44. No vehicles whatever will be allowed to pass over the R. R Bridge, without a pass from these Headquarters, or the Provost Marshal. liy command ot Maj. Gen. J. If. roster, JOHN F. ANDERSON, Acting Assistant Adjutant General. Provost Marshal's Office, ? Newbern, Jan. 12, 186.1. J Hereafter, no citizen will be allowed to purchase spirituous liqr.ors, without a permit Irom the Pro vost Marshal. Nothing can be shipped from this Port except by order of the Chief Quartermaster. Whilst every tacuny wui oe unraei io persons imaged iu legitimate busi-icss iu this city, and at tempts at extortion in prices, or monopoly of such articles as may be necessary to the comfort of the troops, will deprive the oflender of his license to sell. Any trader relu.-ing io accepi in payment United States Treasury Notes will be reported to the Provost Marshal. All persons having filth or rubbish of any kind in their yards or lots, will at once deposit the Barre in a barrel or box in the street, so that it may be removed. Owuers and occupants of Houses and Stores, will be held strictly responsible for the condition of the sidewalks in front of their buildings, and must also take care that no dirt or rubbish is deposited in the Gutters, which must be kept free, to prevent the accumulation of water in the streets. DANIEL MESSINGER, Provost Marshal. IlFAIiQl'ARTFRS, i Pepurtmciit North Carolina, New Heme. Oct. I. ISfi-J. I All persons, prisoners of wartothe Uniteil States, now on parole in this department, desirous of leav ing the line of the U. S. forces will report their names at these Headi narters immediately. Bv commaud of Mni. tien. J. G. Fostkr, SOUTHARD HUFFMAN, Aiiittuut Adjutant General. A MARKET Has been established at the foot of Pollock street I lor tne landing ot nil Kinds oi prouuee in hi is brought into this City tor sale ; and in order to pre vent inoiinpoJy, uo persou will be allowed to fore stall any of such produce or provisions. Every one will be allowed to charge a fair and reasonubie price, under the supervision of the Council of Ad ministration of this Corps d'Armc-e. No boats will be allow, d to land at any other place in this Citv.for the sale of produce or provisions. Any violation of! this order wui suhiect the boat and contents to con- j tiscalion for the benefit of the Hospital, llsis older j will izv into effect -on Monday next, the thirtieth day oi duue. , DANIEL MESSINGER, Provost Marshal. BOI'KEHV a ' BLE S. fresh assortment at DIB 84 IT. 8. nilJTARV RAILROAD. On and aftr Dec. 1st trains will leave as follows: TIME TABLE. OOIKO SOUTH. Leave Newbern.. .................9 A. II. ' Crontan 9.40 " Havelock 10 " Newport 10.25 " Newport Barracks....... .. 10.35 " Carolina City 11 Arrive Morehesd 11.15 GOIXG NORTH. Leave Morehead 1 00 P. M. " Carolina City 1.15 " Newport Barracks ... 1.10 " Newport 1.50 " Havelock...' 2.15 Crontan 2.:t5 " Newbern 3.15 Stop on signal. All free passes on this Road will be void after September 1st. Monthly Passes will be issued on and after that date, to all persons entitled to permanent transmuta tion, to be obtained only at this Office, and of the Assistant Quarter-master at Morehead. No Person will be allowed to travel on the Koaa ithout a pass or ticket. This rule will be strictly adhered to. JAMES C. SLAGHT, Capt. fc A. Q. M, Newbern, Dec. 1 , 18TS. DAVID WACSTAPP, COMMISSION MERCHANT, 78 Courtlandt Street, New York Fi r the sale of Cotton, Naval Stores, and all southern products. Refers to O. K. jnarun, president tirean lfanK, w. . Moses Taylor. President City Bank, N. Y. S. C. Nelson, Newbern. Bales. Hamilton & Oo., Newbern. 3m27 BOOTH AU SHOES for every Body at DIBBLES. wovI7 DUDLEY WOOD WIIAKF I opposite the Turpentine Distillery. Front street, where consumers of Wood, will find a good supply constantly on hand, at as cheap rates as the Mirknt afford?. P. S. Please call before purchasing elsewhere. THOMAS E. DUDLEY Newbern, Jan. 5, 1863. Im-82 . Chorus Yankee Doodlo, &0. And tben the lovely Queen of Spain Told him, in honeyed lingo, ' That she bad conrted not in vain ' A darkey in Domingo. "My dear " said he, ' if you will roam With all the male creation. Pray don't come here ; I can't, at home, j Allow amalgamation !" f Chorus Yankee Doodle, &a. The British lion slyly eyed 4 His bales of Southern cotton ; "Dear Yankee Doodle," soft be cried, f "That stuff is slave begotten : A brother's ttara bave bleaeVd it white : It speaks your degradation ; But I must have it, wrong or right, To keep away starvation." Chorus Yankee Doodle, io. "Hands off! hands off! good cousin John!" : Said qniet Yankee Doodle ; 'I am no braggart cotton don. Who'll bear the system feudal, (I'vo heard your prate in Exeter Hall f. Of sin and slave pollution ; .Bat now I see 'twas blarney all You lore 'the institution .' " - Chorus Yankee Doodle, &c ""'False words and deeds, to high and low Bring righteous retribution ; 'And. consin John, mayhap you know t The frigate Constitntiou ! I She is now but a rotten boat, t But I bave half a notion J To set ber once again afloat 1 And drive yon from the ocean." I ; Chorus Yankee Doodle, it i ' "And if, in league with her of Spain, f With all the past forgotten. Yon dare to lift the band of Cain I In aid of old King Cotton, Be sure to guard those costly toys i You call your broad dominions, ' For I bave lots of Yankee boys j Can flog your hireling minions." a Chorus 'Yankee Doodle, &c I I trust in God and in the right, anqja m mighly naiioB t .. , . .m,,,,! .i in iuii CHiiMwftuiu ireeiv llruL ' The whole combined creation ; For when, in Time's impartial gaze, The nations are review'd all, I know the mead of honest praise Will rest on Yankee Doodle ! Chorus Yankee Doodle. Jfec. The Richmond "Whig" ai the War. Tbe Eichmond Whig of the 23d in?t thinks the Federal campaigns in Virginia and North Carolina are over for the winter, and takes the following view of the future in the South and Southwest : "Looking along the coast it is to be expected that A determined effort will now be made to retrieve on water something of the prestige they have lost on land. Charleston, Savannah and Mobile should hold themselves ready for assault at any moment. The enemy know the advantage they have in the powerful armament and iron shields of their navy. They imagine that the capture of (he well known cities we have named will give them not only substan tial advantages here, but great eclat abroad. The season is now propitious, their immense preparations are about completed, and the exi gencies of their situation impel them to make an instant and desperate effort. We cannot foresee the result We bvlieve these cities will be defended with a valor and obstinacy that will give them a glorious name in history, whether they stand or fall ; and we believe that if the enemy take them, they will take only heaps of ruins. But we fervently pray that they may be able to beat back the de stroyer, and preserve themselves alike from the glorious fate of self-destruction, and the in glorious one of passing under the yoke of Yankee masters. From Tennessee the intelligence is favora ble. Rosecrans delays his advance ; but the accounts from that direction assure us that he will soon be forced to fight, retreat, or be shut up and besieged in Nashville. He has now a Confederate General opposed to him who is not patient under delays, and who will not suffer him to spend the winter quietly in the capital of Tennessee. From Mississippi, if we must credit an Au gusta contemporary, there is nothing encourag ing. The contest there is enveloped in doubt and gloom. Without placing credit in the Northern accounts, which claim for their forces the possession of Grenada, it is evident that we have lost much ground, an4 that our army has been forced back many wild since the battle of CoriBth. The Confederate army there is far inferior in number to what is generally supposed. It has received very scanty rein forcements, lor the story ot llinaman s naving crossed the Mississippi with forty thousand men was shamelessly bogus, while to the Fed eral army a continuous stream of men has been pouring from the JNorthwest to replenisn its ranks. Tbe multitudes which are to be burled on our handful of heroes there are not yet fully ready to move ; when their preparations are complete, a desperate contest will ensue for the possession of the great valley of the Mis sissippi a contest which, we lear, will De hopeless unless our forces are brought by re inforcements to something nearer equality with those of the enemy. The advent of President Davis, who has declared his intention to share the fortunes of the Western army, will infuse a new spirit into the army, and arouse the population into more energetic action ; and the prospect.in Mississippi is less cheerful than io any other part of the vast field of war." An Irishman, catching a thief's hand in his pocket at the post office the other day, knocked the thief down and began to trample his car cass as if he was dancing a Fardowner's jig. What's that for ?" said a bystander. " Oh !" said Pat, " its small change the fellow wanted, and faith I'm after gmnS him a few post office stamps." Ruaiai amd Chiaa. It is an opinion rather felt than expressed among Jburopean politicians, that Russia gradually advancing her territorial lines in tbe Worth ot Asia, with the design, ere many years pass, of getting a foot-hold in the vast empire of China. Whoever desires to have the grounds for this opinion mav read Atkin son's "Travels in the Upper and Lower A moor and the Russian acquisitions in the confines of India and China," published in London in 1860. and reDublished bv the Harriers in tK cumn year. It appears that in 1857 the Emperor of L-nina ceaeu io tne wznr tne vast valley of the Amoor, wnereoy tne Kussian territory in Cen tral Asia was largely extended threateningly, ii neeas De. toward Bnusn India and (Jtuna. Previously, Siberia bad extended 6500 miles on the rorth of the Asiatic Continent, from tbe Caspian Sea to the North Pacific ocean. near which, and North of China, the Amoor territory is situated. , Tbe journey irom Lore don to Pekin now occupies fifty days. At meeting of the London Geographical Society. on the 11th December, a Mr. Grant read an account of a new route from Pekin to. St. Petersburg, via Mongolia, Siberia and Moscow. which reduces the journey fro'ai Pekin to Lon don to twenty days, and brings St. Petersburg Hum sixteen uays travel, it was stated in the conversation which followed, that very re cently nearly the whole of the rich Chinese province of Manchuria, including the whole of me seacoast. wasned by the bea ot JaDan and the Gulf of Tartary. had also been ceded to Russia thus bringing the Czar's dominions wunin no great distance ot PeKin. Tbe new acquisition, in fact, is adjacent to the Amoor territory, ceded to Kussia in 1857. Ibe Chinese have lonir considered Snasia as their only European friend. The successive cea sions of territory to the Czar have been proofs of nrsli.U . : a . n I , . k.b.i.uuo iui dqitivdb mnuurea. xkussia nas late ly succeeded in negotiating a new commercial treaty with China, which gives it greater advan tages than have been conceded to Franca and England. Among its provisions are these : that II trade for fifty versts reach verst is 3.501 feetl on eacn side ot tne border lino is to be tree from nty, and that Russian merchandise will be re ceived at lien-tsin for one third of the rates m posed upon othei European goods. Tien tsin, ( should De noted, is a do it not much more than one hundred miles from Pekin, and was the place where the British and French troops effectually frightened the Chinese in June, 1858, and there by extorted a treaty from them.. Russia has nev er carried hostilities ioto China, and hat her reward in tbe most tangible manner. The present generation may not live to see it, but China is evidently destined one day to be come the spoil of .European rnlers, and, whenever the partition is consum.ted, Russia will be found to have gained the lion's share. Perhaps the twin principles of civilization and progress will bo advanced thereby for the mental develop ment of Russia within tbe last half century has been unusually and enviably s-reat How Eng land will accept of the Czar's advancement in Asia remains to be seen. One day it may even assail India, as the first Napoleon predicted at St. "-.nil .m i n proiessing to nave has put in circulation disquieting rumors in regard to military preparations in Canada. We are probably able to s'ate tbe exact truth re specting this subject, as our informant is an American gentleman who for several months past has resided in Quebec, and enjoyed facili ties for learning tbe real disposition of the Canadian Government toward the United States. We learn from this source that the fact is indisputable, that enormous quantities of ammunition and not less than 200.000 stand of small arms have been received in' Canada from England within the last few months, be sides artillery. Vessels laden with warlike materials have been seen discharging cannon at the ordnance wharf in Quebec, while others passed on ta distribute their cargoes at various points up the lakes. This, however, is not construed as indicating anything hostile to the United States. On the contrary, the disposi tion of the present Canadian Ministry Is very friendly. The Premier, Hon. J. S. McDonald, married a lady from Louisiana, but he is a strong believer in the power of the North and its recuperative energy. Our informant believes the true explanation of these military move ments, which have excited so much suspicion in some quarters, to be that, not only in Canada but in England, there exists a convic tion that eventually the North American colo nies must establish themselves as an indepen dent government. Their connection with the mother country is of little advantage to either party ; so, whatever the result of the rebellion in the United States, the tendency is rather toward a dissipation of the old relationship. It is surmised that England, therefore, not to cast off her offspring in a helpless state, with war raging so near, chooses this time to pro vide a sort of patrimony, in the shape of arms, &c. It is not true that tbe guns in the fortress at Quebec have been replaced by a new arma ment. Those now in position are the same that have been there since tbe time of Mont gomery and Montcalm, and would avail little in a conflict with modern guns and artillery. The general tone of sentiment in Canada is anything but hostile to this country. The feeling is that the destiny of the Provinces is inseparably linked with that of the United States, and their interests in a great measure identical. It is only in certain cliques that the secession spirit prevails. Jour, of Com. Orgasizatios or 20,000 Kestcckiass. The i iuiiiiiKioii con-esDonaent nl inn i x arir Pott says: " In the Senate, Garrett Davis of Kentucky got up his bill for calling out twenty thousand Kentuckians for one year to protect the frontier and lines of communication. This bill went by the board last session because of the strong prejudice against it By the terms of the Wll the force raiS3d is put under the control of tb Governor of Kentucky, and there are rumorsi that the Governor and Legislature oi that Stat" are not sound since the emancipation procla mation was issued. I notice, however, that Senators who did not advocate the bill last ses sion now favor it Among them are the names of Mr. Clark of New Hampshire, Mr. Wilson of Massachusetts and Mr. Collamer of Ver mont. It is seen that a cavalry force composed of native loyal men of Kentucky and Tennes see would be worth a great deal to us just now. It is precisely the force we lack to keep open communication with our advanced armies. The Importance of One Milk. By con structing a canal about three-fourths of a mile in length, from Big Stone Lake to Lake Traver, steamboats from St. Paul could navigate both the Minnesota river and the Red river of tho North to Lake Winnipeg, a distance of seven hundred miles I The country traversed by these rivers is surpassingly fertile, and capable of sustaining a dense population. Lake Win nipeg is larger than Lake Ontario, and receives the Sag batch-a-wan river from the west. Tbe Sas katch-a-wan river is navigable to a point (Edmonton House) near the Rocky Mountains, seven hundred miles west of Lake Winnipeg. S 1 1 l 1 j f r- i . anu oiny one uunureu ana any mu east oi the celebrated gold diggings on Frazer river, in -t Tbe digging of that one mile of canal would -- therefore enable a steamboat at New Orleans 4 to pass into Lake Winnipeg, and from thence . to Edmonton House, some 5000 miles I A bill has been introduced into the Senate, which ; makes provision for the building' of the canal. i'rouably n the world there cannot be found a spot across which the digging of so short a canal would effect a result so prodigious. And, what is almost equally remarkable, the ground between tbe two lakes is so low and so level that, it is said, the water flows in times of freshets from one to the other. Washington Chronicle. a. , -, Johx Jacob Astor's Coactiha in Trouble. ' On Tuesday in New York, officer Benson Sher- : wood perceived a carriage at the corner of- Broadway and Fourth street, standing partially on the cross-walk, while a number of ladies were waiting to cross. The othcer requested the driver, Walter Thorne, to drive up a few paces, to clear the walk. The driver refused to move, and wanted to know if the officer new who he was talking to. " Why." said the driver, "I drive for John Jacob Astorl" The ofCccr replied that it didn't make the slightest difference who be drove for, he would. have to drive up or be arrested. ' The driver ; refused to do either, and Sherwood promptly' Drougnt mm to the sidewalk, and then marched im on somewhat crestfallen to the Tombs and arraigned him before Alderman Hall. The Alderman on hearing the case reprimanded im and fined him $3.' The Jehu was aston- hed, but putting on his dignity remonstrated. informing the magistrate that " be drove for John Jacob Astor 1" The magistrate couldn't' see the distinction, and as Thorne refused to pay the fine, he was committed to prison. . ' Secessionists is New York. The Newark Advert iter publishes this in the shape of a let ter from New York : It is wonderful to sec and hear the impudence of certain South ern secesh men and women, who have sought New York for society and protection. At one of the large up-town hotels an Alabamian and his wife and child have been boarding for months. He is represented as actively en gaged with some New York house in sending goods to Nassau, from thence to run into rebel ports. No doubt he is a spy here, and fur nishes the rebels with all kinds of information. Both himself and wife make the most insulting remarks in the hotel, and she teaches her child to run out her tongue at the servant girls and call them Lincoln's slaves. One of them slapped the little imp the other day, and the passionate and insolent father, meeting her on the stairs, threatened to throw her oyer the bannister. The girl, with noble independence, dared him to attempt such an outrage, when ho struck her violently in the face twice. Some gentlemen have interested themselves in the matter, and probably you will see some newspaper developments when the trial comes on. TnE Import Dctt os Paper. Washington correspondence says that the Committee of Ways and Means in Congress, it is understood, will report a bill abolishing tbe import duty on paper. fame of Dorchester has been again disparaged by a horrible and raysterous tragedy, ins par ticulars, as tbey are stated, are that on Sunday evening last Mrs. Benjamin Hamblen, residing: at Harrison square, Porchester, died suddenly shortly after leaving the tea table. Rumors ob-. tained currency during the next day that the death was caused by poison, and oa Tuesday, Coroner Vose assembled a jury of inquest to examine the case. After viewing the body it was decided that an autopsy should be made, and Drs. Fi6eld and Miller were appointed toperform that operatiou during an interval of tbe inquest. As the jury were leaving the premises the sharp report of a pistol was beard, when it soon appear ed that Mr. Hamblen, tbe husband of tbe deceas ed, had shot himself through tho heart. He expired in a few minutes, and much excitement immedietely spread through tbe - village. The immediate cause ot tbe death and suicide of this unhappy couple is not yet definitely known, but theie are many rumors in circulation.' One of these is that tbe wife was secretly poisoned by the husband, and that fear of detection drovs him to desperation; while another report is that both parties had-become tired of lifo and deliber ately committed self destruction. The deceased were severally from 35 to 38 years of age, and leave a family of three children. Mr. Hamblen has long been known in Boston as the keeper of an oyster shop, Utterly at No 19 Battery march street. The Latest Traoedt. It !s now stated that Mr. Benjamin Hamblen, who shot himself Tucs day, did not die, but was still living next morn ing. His physicians have little hope of bis recovery. He says he shot himself because-he-wished to die with his wife. The Traveller states that Mrs. Hamblen informed' her friends before she died that she bad taken "Female Pills," to procure a miscarriage, and that her husband bad procured them in Boston at her request. Mr. H. confirms the statement naming where be bought the Pills. Boston Journal. Remarkable Lonoevitt. Three weeks ago, David Allen died in this town, aged 95 years and 8 months. He was the last survivor of the children of Nehemiah and Ann Allen, three, of whom were sons and seven daughters, and all of whom lived to a good old age. Their ages respectively, leaving off tbe months, were 93, 86, 77, 84, 83, 9Q, 80, 95, 92 and 82 years. Thus it will be seen that six of the ten lived considerably beyond 90 years, averaging 9 years and 2 months ; and that the average age of nil is nearly 89 years (88 4-5), while th sum of their ages is 888 years. We think it will be very difficult to find another family, equally large, of such remarkable longevity. Jiarre Gazette. Goy. Kossuth. Two nephews of the distin guished Hungarian, Gov. Kosutb, who have been serving in the army of Italy for the last two years, have jnst arrived in this city in tending to offer tlieir services in any capacity to the Government of the United States in its; contest with the rebellion. They are sons of Madame Zulaoski, whose decease a year ago was noticed generally by the press. A son of Madame Ruttaki, another of the Ex-Governor, fcas also entered our service. We are glad tq -learn, by the most recent arrivals, that the rumors of Gov. Kossuth's ill health were with out foundation. He is in excellent health nd spirits. K, Y, Tim. Maxslauoheer By ajt Ajtkkicax Sailok A Valparaiso letter states that an American named Storey is in prison in that city for man slaughter, committed on board the American ship Sunshine, in the harbor. The Coin" has condemned him. He will probably have a term of imprisonment imposed in the peniten tiary. He asserts that what he did was in self defense. The man killed was named John McCabe. Storey ii a tine looking fellow, and his account of the matter is plausible ; but liquor was at the bottom of 'lie fracaj.