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GENKUAt. 'OKUEUS. NO. 107. Wor Oepartnent, Adjutant General's Office, ) Waitttiv ctiu Align. 10, 18i'2. f I. Officers of the rec"lar army will, iw (retiernl ru'e. receive leaves ot absence ti accept t ti rank of Colonel in volunteer regiment, bul not lower grade. Non commissioned uflieers and privnte will be discharged on receiving commissions in Tolunteer ie)rioienui. It. Theoatliof allegiance will not beadmintered to anr person against his own will ; it mut in all case be a voluntary art on bin part. Nor will nnv conipolxory parole of lionor be received. Hut oaths taken, and paroles' given, to avoid arrest. detention, imprisonment, or expulsion, are volun tarv or free acta, and cannot be regarded a com pulsory. All pergoDS guilty of violating audi oatbs or paroles will be pnnisbed according to tbe laws and usages ol war. III. The laws of tlie United States and the gen aril laws of war. authorise, in Pertain eas.s, th seizure and conversion of private property for tlie absistence transportation, and ottier uses of tbe army ; bnt this must be distinguished from pillage : ana the taking ot property tor pitortc purposes is Very different from its conversion to private uses AH pr perty lawfully taken from the enemy, or Irom the nihabitants ol an enemy sconntry,msiani ly beoomes public pmpertv. ami must be used and aoesunted tor as inch. The 52d Article of War authorizes the penalty of death for pillage or plun dering, and other articles authorize severe punish ments tor an v officer or soldier who shall sell, em- bezzle, misapply, or waste military stores, or who nui pvrillll toe wsie or iiiiKnpjiticatiufi ti nrjrnut:" panlic property. The penalty is tbe same whether the offence be committed in our own or in an enimv'i territory. IV. All pmperty, public or private, tnken from lleged enemies, must oe ir.vonuinea anu amy ac ounted for. If the property taken be claimed as private, receipts must be given to such claimants or their ?ent. O dicers will be held strict K ac countable for all property taken by thrmor by their authority, and it must be returned for, the same as anr other public property. V. Where fora-intr narties are sent out for pro visions or other stores, the commanding officer of uch party will be held accountable tor the cf.nrturt of his command, and will make a trne report of all property taken. VI. No officer or soldier will, without authority, leave bis colors or ranks, to take private prnjierty, or to enter a private house for that purpose. All auch acts are punishable with death, and au officer who permits them is equally as guilty as the actual pillager. VII. Commanding officers of armies and corps will be held responsible for the execution of tnese orders in their respective commands. liy command of Major General Halleck, iiexcrai-in-Chwf of the Arm? .- E. I. TOWNSEND, Ailant Adjutant Central, Head Quarters, 1 Departm nt of North Carolina, Newbcrne, Nov. 29, 1SG ) SPECIAL ORDER. NO. 183. Rev. Jamos Means, is hereby appointed Super intendant of all the 'Slacks in tllis Department. The chiefs of tho different Departments having blacks under their charge, will report to him; and be will be obeyed and respected ic all matters connected with tbe negroes in this command. By command of Mai. Gen. .1. O. Fostfr. SOUTHAKD IU1FFMAS. Assistant Adjutant General. In accordonoe with the above Order, nil those who employ Blacks in the public service in this Department wili report tome, monthly, tlicirnaines. employment, number of days work, with dates, and rate of pay, beginning with December. Office. Mi-tcalf street, corner of New street. JAMES MEANS, Superintende t ot Blacks. Departhest of Nohth Carolina, ) Newberne, Dec. HI, 18o. f An export duty of five per cent, on all cotton and hides, and on all naval stores, and oi. all wood and lumber, shipped from any port in this Department Will be charged from this dale. Masters of vessels carrying any of tbe articles above named, must exhibit their freight list to the everal Chief Qnartor-Manteis, at these ports, be fore they can obtain a clearance. The amounts due for the duty , will be paid to said Suarter-Masters, or in their abeence to the Provost arshal, until further rders. AU orders heretofore issued in relation to export duties, are annuJlud, by order of 3Iaj. Gen. Foster. Bt order of Governor Stanly. DANIEL MESSIXGEH, Provost Marshal. Particular Notice. On and after this date al) persona are forbid bring ing to thin city for unle, any Tar, Pitch. Ko in. Tur pentine, Cotton. Shingle or Wood, without a writ d permit from the owners thereof, -which permit must be count 5rniened by the Provost Martihal, who Will ascertain before countersigning whether the owners of satt articles are loyal. And all trader ere hereby enjoined not to purfrhn.se or sell any ot the above articles in violation of this order. By command of Gov. Edward Stanlv : DANIEL MESMNGER, Provost Marshal. HfADQT ARTFRS. Department ot North Carolina New Heme, Sept. I'J, ISoi After tbe 15th day of September only 2 clerk in ach of the Department Offices will be allowed to commute their rations at 75 cents per day. All other detailed men will, after that date, either draw their ration? or commute them at tbe cost of the ration at this piwt. Each mess of 6 detailed men will be allowed one cont rabnnd aa cook, whose pay will be eight dol lars per month. Jiy command of Waj. Gen. J. G-. Foster : SOUTHARD HOFFMAN, A&ittant Adjutant General. II EAnQcARTK its. Department of North Carolina Newlieme, November 21 18t" GENERAL OKUEUS. No. 57. Hereafter no negroes will be allowed to cut Wood within the limits of this Department, without a written permission from His Excellency, Edward Stanly, Military Governor, or f-om tlie owners of the land on which such wood is cut, except such negroes are employed by the Quarter Masters De partment to cut wood for the use of the Troops in this Command. By command oi Mnj. Gen. J. G. Foster. SOL'tHAltD HOFFMAN, Asst. Adjt. General. Head Qi'akteks ' Ql'AKTERS, i Noktu Carolina, ember :.'8, 18b. ) Department of N New Heme, Novem SPECIAL NOTICE. Special notice dated Nov. 18rli. relieving Cnptain Daniel Messinger from duty, as I nsfector of titles to Tar, Turpentine, Cotton, and other Merchandise, having been issued under misapprehension, ie hereby revoked. Captain Mcaainirer will t ontinue to perform the duties connected with that office as heretofore. By command of Mai. Gen. ,T. G. Foster, SOUTHAKD HOFFMAN, Assistant Adjutant General. Department of North Carolina, Newberne, Nov. 17, 1862. J Philip Pipkin, of this town, is hereby appointed Inspecterof Tar and Turpentine, and is to be respect ed as uttfh. He is authorized to charge ten cents per barrel for inspection. All person are forbidden to sell any Tar or Tur pentine, without having each bairel inspected by liim. EDW. RTANI.Y, Military Governor of Nerth Carolina. Head carters, Department or North Carolina, New Herne, Sept. 23d. 18C2. SPECIAL OUDERS. NO 53. Cpt. Daniel Me.ineer. A. 1 M., is hereby pointed to investigate titles of property to ap- be shipped from this, port, and will be obeyed and re spectea accoruint;iy. By commnnd of MJ. Gen. Foster, SocTHABn HorrMAN, Asst. Adj. Gen. llEAnQTARTrRS. Jlilitary Governor of X. C'sro'inn New Berne. June 2i'i, lStrj. Dr. J. G. Ti ll will from the d.-iie of this oidi sume eh at tr' of all vacant and ah.'indom-d h ititr in Newbern, with power to assign, to least, rent the same. Bv command of t ns-uild-, uud GOV. STAXI. J. IiYSfAX Van liuiir.x, Milituiy Se,rctary IlFAPgr VRTfKS. ) IV part me nt North Cnrnlinn, V Now H.-rne, Oct. I, 1SC., ) All person, prisoners of wnr to the United St:ites, now on paroh in this (It-p irtm-Mit. desirous f Iohv ing t he linos of lite I. S. tones will report their Dames at these Headquarters i nmediately, JJy comuiaud of M't. Gon. .1. G. Kostpk, SOUTHAKD HOFFMAN, Assistant Ajutaut GcueraL NEWBERN -A. 3ST IE "W S P AP E IR. F?0 R THE PEOP L.E.( VOLUME 5. NEWBERN. N. C, SATURDAY, JANUARY 31, 18G3. NUMBER 96. MMMMMaMSaWMMMMMISSMSMMMSMaaMMaaMSMMMMMMSMMM OJb'i?'IOIA T . Headquarters, Departn eiit North Carolina Hiewbern, Uct. 10,19 v. GENERAL ORDERS NO. 49. All officers, men and citizens are strictly forbid den to go on board of any of the steamers arriving at this Dort bv means of boats or otherwise, until the vessel is properly secured to the wharf. I lie frovost Alarsnal will see tnat tins oraer is implicitly obe.ied and that no one except persons connected ith these llendmmrtera nnd with the office of Capt. Slaght, A. Q. M.. will be allowed to go on board under any pretext whatever. iiy couiuiunu ot ill hi tren ro tkb, SOUTHARD HOFFMAN, Assistant Adjutant General. Circular Order. IlKAnQLAKTERS Department North Carolina Newberne. N. C. Sept. M. 183 82. The great and unnecessary waste of gaj in the Quarters occuoied bv the officers and men of this command, calls for immediate attention and correc tion. The expense of making grs, is, of course, large, and paid, mainly, by the Government. Soldiers m nuarters. are sul lect to the same rules ss to lights, as if in camp, and Company Com manders will see that they are strictly carriea out. Uihceis are ei'loinea to see tnat as little waste as possible takes place, in their respective quarters. liv oroer or nun. oph. u. rosier. BOUT1IAKD HOFFMAN, Asst. Adj. Gen. Headoca'-tk "8 Department of North C imlino, lino, New Berne, Sept. 24, IS&2. SPECIALORDERS.NO 5t. Captnin Daniel Meninger, A. Q. M.. is hereby ordered to investigate and examine into the ship ments from tins point of cotton, &,c.. since the oc cupation of New Berne by our forces. He will endeavor to discover who have shipped, and how, cotton meized by the V. S. Joverunienr, and sent away without proper authority. AU officers of tlie army will anWd Capt. Meggiu gernny facility in the discharge of thin duty. By command of Mnj. Gen. J. G- F -ster. laeut, and Actiug Ass't Aij t General. Head Quarters. Department of North Carol Nowbftrn, Sept 16. ISti: SPECIAL OKDEKS No. :iS The firinc of cannon or musketry at this port for practice, is liereoy discontinuca except Dy special order from these Headquarters. By comiiiano ot Mn?. ucn. p-ster: S0LTKAUL HOFFMAN, Ass t Adj t Gen. Head Quarters, Department of Morth Carolina, New Bern, Aug. ad, 18G2. GENEKAL, ORDERS No. 8 All Vessels are forbidden to leave any port inthis Department and take any persoi. of color who did not arrive on the vessel, or who hao not a pass from the General or other officer commanding, or from the Military Governor. All vessels ot every description vioiuunjr mis or der will be liable to confiscation and her muster will be severely punished. No vessel shall have any port in this Department nntil the master si' all take an oath that he has nut anv such rrorsou on board and will not allow any such person to come or remain on board. It is the fluty ot rne naroor master or mer per son thereunto appointed to read a copy of this order to every master ot a vsei alter sue snail ie reaiiy co sail and see that the oath above mentioned has been taken. It shall be the duty of the master of every vessel to make a written report during every voyage of the names ol -every person on uonra sam vessel au ring said voyage, except soldiers in service, and to preserve said report till called for by the Provost Marshal or other oflieer authorized to receive it. By command of .Muj General J. G Foster; SOUTHARD HOFFMAN, Aas't Adj't Gen. Headquarter, Department of N. C. ? New Berne, Jnue 11. I8i2 J Dr. J. G. Tull, is hereby appointed City Inspec tor of New Berne, with power to assess and collect rents and ens rates, and will be obeyed and respect ed accordingly. By command of Gov. Stanly: J. LYMAN VAN BCREN, Military Secretary. Departmkxt or Nokth Cakomxa, ) QL'AKTKKMASTKKS XEPAIlTMt:NT. Xewberu, JSept. 1807. ) Special Notice to Companies qttarttTx in town. 1. The gas must be turned off from all burners in Company quarters, at tlie proper hour for the ex tingutxhinent of lights, and but one li-ht will be used in the hail during tbe uight. and that turned low. 2. Company officer will see that thia order is carried out, and that all diligence is used in econo mizing' gas. 3. Officers quartered in town will not use any more burners nor continue Hghtts later than is abso iute necessary, in their own quartern. By wominaud of Mnj (Jn. J. O. Foster, JAS. C. SLAGHT, Capt. and A. Q. M Vmporinnt Order. HSAIIOUAKTER.-, S Department of North Carolina Aew Heme, April Xot ISb. GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 28. Whoever, after the issue of this order shall, with in the limits to which the Union Arms may extend jn this Department, utter one word acnint the Gov ernment of these United States, will be at once ar retted aud closely conhned. It must be distmctl understood that this Department is under Martial Law. and treason expresed or implied, will meet with a -piredy punishment. The Military Governor of New Berne is charged with the Htrict execution of this order, within the bounds ot hits control. liy eoiimiuud of M.Jor General nurcsitle : LEWIS RICHMOND, Aso't Auj't General. Provost Marsh At s Office. Newbern, Jan. 12, 18rtJ. J Ilercafter, no citizen will be allowed to purchase spirituous liquors, without a permit Jrom the Pro vost Marshal. Nothing can be shipped from this Port except by order of the Cliief Quartermaster. WhMst every iitciutv will ue altorued to rersons engaged in leitimatu business in thin city, and at tempts at ex'oriion iu prices, tr monopoly of such articles as may be necessary to the comfort of the troops, will deprive tne onenuer ot ins license t sell. Any trader refusing1 to accept in payment United States Treasury Notes will be reported to the Provost Marshal. AU persons having tilth or lubbish of any kind tn their yards or lots, will at once deposit tlie sanre in a barrel or box iu the street, so that it may be re moved. Owners and occupant of Mouses and Stores, will be held strictly responsible for the condition of tlie sidewalks in front of their buildings, and must also take care that no dirt or rubbish is deposited in the Gutters, which must bo kept free, to prevent the accumulation of water in the streets. DAMEL MESSIXGEK, Provost Marshal. A MARKET ITisbcen established at he foot of Pollock street for the landing of nil kinds of procure that i brought into this City for sale ; r.n! ; rder to pr. -vint monopoly. Bo person will be wed to fore stad any of such produce or pi "v.i(irs. Every one will be allowed to charge a fair and reasonable p'-U-t;. under the supervision of the Council of Ad ministrati of thisCorps d'Arnice. No boats v ill beallowe, l:tnd nt any other place in thrs City.ior ti e sale ,f proiltiec or provisions. Any violation of this ; :!er will subject the. boat aud coirtei.ts to cou rt -c i r . benefit of tiie Ifopital This tuiier will go into effect uu Monday next, the thirtieth day of J unc. DANIEL MESSIXGER. ProviKt ilarsiinl. tKO(KCY-a ) BLE a. fresh aseortmett t DID Si OFFICIAL. Provost Marshal's Office Newbem, Jan. 12, i863 J The duties of the sentinels, in addition to the duties laid down in the Army Regulations, will be to preserve order within the limits of their beats, to see that no property is injured, no houses entered witltout proper authoi ity, uo citizen abused or in sulted; that no soldier passes his post without pass from the Colonel of his regiment; that no sai lor passes his post, without a pns from the captain of his ship, and that, alter dark, neither soldier nor sailor be allowed to piiss. Every soldier or sailor found in the streets after daik.will be arrested, the Sergeant of the guard called, and the offender handed over to him, to be conducted to the Guard House. All disorderly per sons at any time, wil. be arrested and banded over to the Sergeant of the Guard. In case of any disorderly or riotous persons re fusing to obey the orders of the sentinel, the senti nel shall use his arms, if the offender cannot be,jse oured in any other way To resist or assault a sen tinel, is one of the gravest of military offences, and will subject the offender to severe punishment- - Commissioned Officers do not renuire a pass, but no one wid be recognized a- uu officer, without hisi uuiform, and theshouhierstraps, which indicate his rank. Gold lace on the sleeve of a naval officer is an evidence of rank as an officer. N officer of the Guard or Sentinel has authority to release from airest any P.isonerof the Provost Guard. Tlie noH-commis. ioned Officer or Sentinel in charge of Prisoners will be held responsible for any escapes. No pass for a soldier or sai 'or is good, except it be countersigned by the commanding officer of his regiment or vessel. Any giddier or tmilor without a pass properly countersigned, will be arrested and confined iu the Guard Howe. No person is allowed to sell spirituous liquors to soldiers, sailors or negro, ujvon any pretext what ever An attempt to evade this order will be treM ed with the same severity as an open violation of it. Any person seltiug to a Commissioned Officer, upon an order purporting to come from him, will be htold responsible for the genuineness of the order All Sutlers are prohibited from selling Liquors by the gloss to any Commissioned, nn-comm ssioned officer, or private soldier, sailor or citizen. Any violation of this order will subject the party offend ing to a heavy fine as well as forfeiture of his piivi lege to keep a otwre in tne city ol Aewoern. No parcel cun be sent by Express except by a special permit from tlie Provost Marshal. No person shall water a horse or mule within fifty feet ot a pump. No person shall wash at a pump, or clean fish, or deposit tilth of any kind, at or n-ar a pump Citizens will be allowed to pass and repass in the city during good behavior until nine o'clock P.M. After nine o'clock no pass is good except a special one from tbe i1 rove at Marshal, or from Head Quar ters. The Provost Marshal, is instructed to allow no one from without oar lines to lnnd in this city, unless tuey come here to trade ; and all such persons must bt made to land at some given point, and no where else A guard of several men must bo placed there, and those people be allowed no communication with the cittzeus of Newbern except in the presence of one of the guard ; and they must not be allowed to go about the city. if they want to trade at the stores, a party of tliem can go at a time, under charge of a guard. These orders must be strictly carried out. AH persons arriving in thia city to trade will imme diately report themselves at the office-of the Pro vost Marshal ; and no boats arc allowed to land at any whaif or dock, except those at the foot of Pol lock street. All strangers found in the city, vbo iiave not reported as above ordered, will be arrested aud dealt with summarily. All peiuons are forbid hitching Horses to any of the Trees in tbe City, and all tlie SeutiLels are in- stiucted to seize ail animals that are found ut I violation of this order. All persons are forbid firing guns, pistols, or can non, in any of the streets, lanes, alleys, or lots within this city. No fireworks will be burnt or fired unless by a special permit of the Provost Alar shall Whereas many non commissioned officers and privates who are upon detached sei vice, clerks, teamsters and orderlies, are in the habit of leaving off their proper uniforms and appearing in officers uudress, or citizeu's apparel, verv much to the prejudice of good order aud discipline o: tLe service, it is hereby okdkhed, That all such persons at once appear in their proper uniforms, or they will be arretted and pun ished. All negroes are forbidden to wear the button of the Army end nil officers are hereby enjoined to see that their servants comply with this regulation. Hereafter no fences, or pints of fences, in this town, shall be removed wit hout tlie written order of Capt. Daniel Messinger. Div. Qr. Mastei. Fast driving (by officers or meni is strictly pro hibited withit. t he iimits of the city. Sentries will arrest all violating this order. Heieafter dead horses mm-t be taken by the Reg iment, Ratten', &.C., to which tliey belong, nt least one mile trom town and at mice buried the grave to be not less than six feet deep. Regiments, U Uteric, fec, will at once take the necessary steps to bury such dead horses us be longed to their respective commands, and at present lying unburled. Commanding officers wHI see to the full and prompt carrying out of this order. By order of Maj. Gen. J. G. FOSTER, Com. 18th Army Corps. DANIEL MESIXGE1, Provot Marshal. H K A nQtT A RTF RS , .RTF. R.S, J nh Carolina, V t. 24, 1S62. ) Department ot Aon ew oerne, Sept. GENERAL ORDERS, NO. 44. No vehicles whatever will be allowed to pass over the R. R 1J ridge, without a pass from these Headquarters, or the Provi-t Marshal. By coin ni aud of Mn). Gen. J. G. Foster, JOHN F. ANDERSON, Acting Assistant Adjutant General. Headquarters, 18th Armv Piirim. Kcw Berne, Jim. 21, 1803, GENERAL OKUEUS NO. 30. No person exempt officers and men of the Army 1 and Navy ol the United States being entitled, by the Regulation, to wear the uniform or buttous of either service, it iu hereby prohibited foi any per son, sutler or otherwise, to wear any portion of the nnitorm of any branch of the United States service in this Department, except by tpecial penult from these Headquarter. No person in allowed to bny uniforms, or parts of unitoruui, blankets ot equipments from soldiers or s-iilors. It is not allowed to t ell c-itizen's elothinp to enlist ed men of tiie Army mid Navy, exeepl undercloth ing Any violation of this order will be severely punished. The Provost Marshal is charged Vith the strict enforcement of thia order. By commaudof Miii.-Gen. J. G. Foster, S. HDr'FMAS, Ast. Ariit. (ien. I - " V. 8. UII.ITAKV KAII.UOAD. Onuud U.1W Dev. 1st trains will leave as follows; TIME TABLE. COIRO SOUTH. Leave Newbern P A- M. - Croat.iu 9.40 " Havelork 10 " Newport.... 10 25 " Newport Barracks.... " Carolina City 11 Arrive Moreheid . 11.15 ColNG HOKTH. iKjave Morehead 1 P0 P. M. " Carolina Citj I ll " Newport. Barracks . 1.40 Newport . ...... l.-'-O " Havelock 2 15 " Croat au' 2.35 " Newbern ;).15 Stop on signal. All Iree passes on this lload will be void after September 1st M-mUily Passes will he issued on and nt'er that date, to all persons entitled to i.crnvineiit transporta tion, to be obta-ned only r.t tSis Oilire, and of tl.e Assistant Quarter-master at Morehead No Pkksow will be Hlk w 1 to travel on t:ie linad vitho.it a pass or ticket. Ti'is rule will he strictly adhered to. JAMES C. SI-AUIIT, Capt, & A Q. M, Xewberu, Dje. 1, lSOi. . - . . TATTLING. Oh '. con Id there in this world be found. Some little spot of happy groand. Where village pleasures might go round, Without tbe village tattling ; How doubly blest that place would be, ; Where all might dwell at liberty, Free from the bitter misery Of gossips' endless prattling. If such a spot were really known, Dnnie Peace might claim it as her own ; " And iu it she might fix her throne Forever and forever There like a queen might reign and live, While every one would soon forgive The Utile slights they might receive. And be offended never. Tis mischief makers that remove Far from our hearts the warmth of love, And lead us all to disxpprove What gives another pleasure. They seem to take one's part. They've heard our cares, unkindly then They soon retail them all again, Mixed with their poisonous measure. And then they've such a cunning way Of telling their ill meant tales; they say ' Don't mention what 1 say, I pray; I wo lid not tell another. " Straight to your neighbor's house they go, Narrat:ng everything they know. And break the peace of high and low. Wife, husband, friend and brother.' Oh ! that the mischief making crew Were all reduced to one or two. And they were painted red or bine. That every one might know them! Then would our villages forget To rage nnd quarrel, fume aud fret, And fall into an angry pet With things so much below them. For 'tis a sad degrading art To make another bosoinmart, And plant a dagger in the heart We ought to love and cherish ! Then let us evermore be found In quietness with all around, While friendship, joy and peace abound, And angry feelings perish ! Massacre of the Germans In Tcxa. Translated from the Galveston Union. a German ptiper. established sinee the occupation of that place by the Union forces. Near the origin of the Grand Cape and Piedruales on Johnston's Creek, several American and two German families settled but two years ago. Contending against the roughness of the soil and the wild Indians, they, had no pleasant position, but they' eeevered, conscious of their courage and Ihdr intrepidity, and the lower settlements owed it to them that they had less to suffer Wrom the raids of the Ind'ans. These bor- iet inhabitants received but little news nbcnt the condition of the country and the Wents of the war. All at once they were lolified to pay war (axes and to drill. The irst demand they could not comply with, lecause they had no money, not even corn neal for their families, and the last order hey could not obey becauoe they lived so listant from each other and their absenee vould leave their families without protec tion. Yor these reasons they -were considered Tnion men, and Captain Duff, a notorious Dwdy, was next sent against the fetllers vith a company of Texans. They asked !he protection of their friends, but had to iy from the overpowering number of their memies to the mountains. Many Germans ind Americans were arrested and impi ison ;d in Fredericksburg, and Captain Duff vas reinforced by 400 men to perate suc :essfiilly ngatnst the German Abolitionists, tnd hunt up the Yankees. The soldiers gain visited Johnson's creek, but found he most of the settlers had fled to the nountains. Frederick Dcgener alone they 'urprised, sleeping under the porch of his louse, but awakened by the cries of distress f his wife and the discharge of muskets f his enemies, who fired fourteen shots ifter him, he fortunately made his escape. Uis house was ransacked and all roove tbte property taken off Other farms in the neighborhood were also searched, the families taken prisoners and the- lmnwa burnt down. Upon the news ot tnese events Fred. Degener and other fugitives concluded to fly to Mexico; more exiles juined them, and soon they had a company oi sixty-eight men, liut they travelled too sLiwly, and bpfore daybreak one morning tier were surprised bv two hundred Tcx- nts. After a roost determined resistance lley were defeated, and only twelve of tlem, covered with wounds made good ttair escape. All fugitives which afterwards fell into tho hands of the enemy were hung up. Among these sixty-eight men only five were Americans, the others all Germans. A lew of the fugitives escaped across the Rio Grande; oiln-is wandering in the moun tains and suttering extreme hunger, sought protection among American families, but were handed over to their persecutors and shot or hung. To this news, Dr. Adolph Dcual, a cele brated German traveller, who for many years had lived in that country, makes the following noles : "We know personally, the most of these unfortunate victims, which have been mur dered so mercilessly, not bee;. use t rebelled against the Government, Iv.t ': cause they would not act against the I'r.ln, and would rather fly to Mexico. These murdered Union men were some of the greatest benefactors of the State ; they had done the hardest pioneer work in it, cleared it from the wild beasts and Indians; they had saved it to civilization through more than one period of pestilence and famine; secured as borderers their present persecu tors, the slaveholders, against the invasion of Indians, arid done the best service as volunteers in the Mexican war and tlie wars on tlie frontier. Tlicy placed tlie arts ant sciences in Texas as well as they could b found anywhere among tlie American Ger mans. Tliey furnished the procf that thoy could cultivate sugar and cotton withou the least damage to health, and increased the riches of the country many millions of dollars. The above related evenls are their re ward for it. Hundreds who succeeded in making their escape roved about the woods, having lost everything, some even their families. Hundreds are now chased like wild beiipts through the wilderness Northwestern Texas, and succumb because of the most horrid tortures, their fate never being known to their fellow-men. X Civil Difficulty in Dakotuli Ter ritory. A special dispatch to the Chicago Tri bune, from Iowa City, Dec 25 1 h, says: Intelligence has just been received here of a queer dead lock in the proceedings of the Legislature ot Dakotah Territory. Jioth branches of that body convened in seventh session at the new capitol building in lankton on the 1st of December. The Council effected an immediate organization but in the House six of the fourteen mem bers we-e oontcstants, and for six days there were but eight sitting members. These members were equally divided in political sentiment, and for five days the ballotings lor speaker stood four to four. At last A. .1. IT.trlan, (Dem.,) was elect d cr r:k 'r, rti i M, V. Smith, Clerk. Four ;t i n - contested seats were soon after filled, making me whole number ot rieprescnta livcs twelve. On the Sth inst., six of the members,, feeling themselves agrieved at what they denominated the arbitrary ru lings of the speaker, withdrew in a body from the hall, leaving the House without a quorum. The seceders, with three contes tants, subsequently assembled at the hall, were sworn in by Gov. Jayne, and effected an organization. Thus there were two distinct I'ouses of Kepresetitatives, each claiming to be legal, one devoted to the inte rests of Gov. Jayne, and the other to Todd. On the 10th instant, the Council and the minority House, both being of tho Todd persuasion, met in joint convention vnl notified the Governor that they were ready to receive his message. He sent back an answer to Hie affect that he did not recog nize the Uouse as a legal body, and, there fore, had no communication to make. The next day he sent his message to the Council alone, but that body returned it, accom panied ? a resolution informing the Gov ernor that his message could only be re ceived injoi.it convention of the two Hou ses. Thus matters have remained until the present time. The real contest is waged with reference to the Delegateship of the Icnitory in the next Congress. Jayne was elected last fall by a clear majority, but Todd claims that fraudulent votes were cast, and the Legislature is a dead lock, occasioned by the scramble for the certifi cate. Up to the latest dates from Yankton there were no signs of yielding on either side. Arrival of Kefuseos from Georgia. The Liouisville Journal says : Nine gen tlemen, all residents of Whitfield county, North Georgia, arrived in this city last evening, having fled from rebel oppression. They crossed the Tennessee river at a point near the mouth of the Hiawassce, and from thence crossed the mountains into Kentucky. They give a, fearful account ot the state of affairs in the South. The reign of terror is complete, and tliey assure us that it is worth as much as a man's life to withhold his sympathies from the rebellion. The actual necessities of life are beyond the reach of families in ordinary circumstances, as the bill of current prices will indicate. These gentlemen inform us that pork is selling in Northern Georgia at 30 cts. per pound, salt at $1 73 per pound, com at 2 to 3 per bushel, wheat $7 per bushel, sugar at 75 cents per pound, shoes at 10 dozen, chickens $1 each, and other articles in proportion. T The scarcity of salt is so great that many persons make use of the dirt in their smoke houses which has been saturated with salt, extracting the saline matter from it, where with to cure their meats, lhere is also great suffering in the rebel army, and the Augusta Chronicle asserted recently that a body f two thousand six hundred troops marched into Kiehmond without shoes. Commissions have been appointed in some districts to take an account of the amount of corn and other produce in the possession of the residents, who are not permitted in any case to hold more than is necessary for their subsistence until the next crop shall have matured, and, if a family should be found to be tinctured with loyalty to the Federal Government, all their means of subsistence is seized and confiscated. These refugees in their flight from rebel oppression traveled in the by-ways night and day, sometimes paving guides as much as thirty dollars for their services a single night. W woil indu'g:: in such horrid anticipa- i,.,.-." tlx- i. "vcchi d husband said when the . , 7i tutu him he would be joined to his wife i in tlher world, never more to he separated ! from her. " Tarsoii, 1 hope jiou will not mention this unpleasant circumstance 'again,' said he. The clergyman of a small living in Yorkshire, Ion nr.o occasion, received no fee for marrying a jiirsmonions couple, and meeting th-m twelve months after at a facial gathering, took np their baby, ami exclaimed, 'I believe I have a mortg age cn this child.' Baby's papa, ra'.her than have an explanation before thj company, rjuietly lauded over a sovereign. Oprraiiana of (.'uukonl kagamarc. The following account of an expedition soft out from the gunboat Sagamore, from Key West, about 2 month ago, we find in the cor respondence of the Philadelphia Bulletin r "The expedition Erst visited Fort Capron, (a fort built during the Indian war) but find ing there nothing of import, proceeded down ihe river. We had gone about seven miles, when projecting behind the trees a mast was seen. The word then wan, 'Give way, boys, we've got 'em this time,' and tho boys did ' give way,' I assure you. On nearing. the hiding place, discovered the mast belonging to a sloop, and at this moment boat was leaving her for the shore, but one shot from the howit zer changed her course, and she returned to the sloop. On arrivins a little nearer, and rounding the point, discovered nicely stowed away in the cove a schooner. The boys were now in hi:h spirits, the boats were soon on the spot, and the two vessels were taken posses sion ol. I hey proved to be the sloop fc.ilen and schooner Agnes, both hailing from Nassau. They had, however, landed their cargoes of silt, and were waiting for a return cargo of lhe staple. We relieved them from further trouble and anxiety. Having a head wind, we were not able to gel the vessels out the same night. So, after de mohshine two fine porters captured early in the day, v.e 'turned in.' Before sunrise tho following morning we up anchor and awav. They ca.uuc safely out, aud were sent to Key West. Everything passed serenely on until Monday morning, the 1st inst., when tbe exciting words 'Sail ho!' came from the fore-top. Where away ?' 'Two points on the starhoard bow.' Up anchor, and away we go to look after the stranger. She is a schooner, and has the r..ngli.sh ensign flying a good sign for us. On seeing us she changes her course; away she goes on the wind ; a shot or two from our l'arrott, and she tacks again, making as though beating down the coast ; but the trick don't take. We are soon alongside, when, in answer to the hail, 'Where bound ?' he replies 4 Key West.' He told the truth, but I rather think against his inclinations. She sailed under tho classic name of By George ! Cargo coffee, salt, medicines, Sbc. Finding the poor fellow so much out of his course, we kindly sent an officer and men on board to see him safely to his destination. Happening to drop in at Jupiter Inlet a few days since, discovered two small sloops hidden away in the mangrove bushes; they were soon destroyed. The rebels used them for lighter ing cargoes up aad down theviver. e think the Sagamore ho played her part pretty well up to date." An Extensive Salt Mike ix Wester.: Louisiana. A correspondent of the New York Times, with a pa.t cf the Gulf bhekading squad ron on the Louisiana coast relates the following : "Along the Gu'f coast bounding this particular part of the State are numbers rf islands, some of which rise to a considerable height from out the low swauip marshes with which they are sur rounded. One of these islanilH. known as Pctito Anse. arid entirely familiar with the residents of the vicinity as being a place fainnns for saline earths, turis nut to be a rock of solid salt, pnssi bly some two hutidrrd and fifty feet high.iwhere the mineral is quarried out in lame piece resem bling cukes of ice. It was these "salt works" t 'otn. I'uclisr an, pome time since, w ith the gun boats Diana. Kinsman, and the St. Mary's with the 21st Indiana on board, attempted lo destroy, the result of which was the builiiines were torn down, but the vast mine of salt stiU remains I he salt spring? on this island, as it was termed has been known for years, but it was hot Until a few months ago that it was discovered that this supposed spring was merely the rin water set tling in hollows of a solid salt rock. The salt in its natural bed is a clear as class iu fact, it seem? as if you could look a vast distance into its solid heart. When it is Mailed out, in pieces resembling ice. it assumes a dull yellow color, but grinds up whiter than most salt, aud is so thoroughly saline in its properties that even a grhin or two leaves a stringent taste in the mouth. The immense value of this mine of wealth ran scarcely be realized. A million dollars was offer ed to its owner hy a company of persons in the neighborhood, but refused. This island of salt possibly three or four miles lonj; uud one wide. f irregular form, and covered from fifteen tn wenty feet with rich soil bears on Its surface pecau and live oak trees. miscellaneous Kerns. When I goes a shopping." said an old lady. 'I alters ask for wh' t 1 wants, and if they have it, and it is suitable, and I ferl inclined to take t, and it's cheap, and it can t be got at anv place for less. 1 almost alleis lake it, without chuOuring u uay. as most people ao. A touch of the Pathetic Ifow near akin laughter is to tears was hon when Rubens, with a single stroke ot his brush, turned a laugli- n child in a painting to one crvinir. and our mothers, without being great painters, have often rongtit us, in like manner, from joy to grief by single stroKe. A baker, who is continually troubled with in- ulries respecting the time, was asked the other ay "Please, sir, will yon tel' me what time it is? ' Why, I told you the time not a minute ago,' said the astonished baker. 'Yes sir,' replied the lad, 1 but this is for another woman.' A centleman. one evenine. was seated near a lovelv woman, w hen the company around him. were proposing conundrums to each other. Tuni ng to his companion, he said, " V hy is a tidy n tike a mirror ' She ' eive it up. Because, said the rude ft How, 'a mirror reflects without peaking, a lady speaks without reflcctine. And hy rj you unlike a mirror I asked the ..CHIllil t'Ot t-ll -' T,;mnn o nnrrnr nnnlished.' The centleman owned thero whs one la y who did not speak without both reflect ing and casting reflections. Oiib nf the witnesses in the South Leith case complained that Mr. Phin read his sermons; and on the question being put to him, ' Do sermons that are not read edify you most 7' he convulsed, the court hy replying ' I consider that if minis ters cannot remember their own sermons, it is perfectly unreasonable to expect their hearers to remember them.' 1 am an unlucky man, gentlemen,' exclaimed a poor fellow. If I weie to seize time hy the forelock. I do believe it would come ripht out, and leave him as bare as a barbers block.' A famous musician, who bad made his fortune by niairiap;e, being requested to sing to the com pany, replied ' Permit me to imitate the night ingale, which never sings after he has made his nest.' A journalist, whose wife had just presentod him with twins, and who, for this reason, was compelled to neglect his paper for one day, wrote tne oay arier, ine iouowing hcujip; o "w unable to issue our paper yesterday, in cocse-. quence of the arrival of two extra males." A gentleman called at the honse of aa hones old lady for the purpose of collecting a small debt. Not recollecting the amount, promise! to send his bill that evening The o.d woman, supposing that be merit l is son William, replied. Oli. la ! our Sarah i:i v. r set :ip will; any one yet ; but if Bill's a clever l ..v, tuey n.ay have a fire, iu t'other room.' A respectable gentlemnn doesnt like to have a charge levelled against biiu, especially if U is iu a guu. A man was rerent!y convicted in Kerry for sUaling his neighbor's cow and hiding it in his cellar. It was a cowardly mode of cow hiding. ' Have yon Walls on the Mind V inquired a ens iner of a booksell r's apprentice. ' Jo. nil." replied the young Green, 1 liut I have wryla oa the haul.' C7 Jffj