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IEWBERN WEEEIZ PROCMEga A CHEAP NEWSPAPER FOR THE MILLION SINGLE COPIES Sl.50; TO CLUBS OF TEN, ONLY S1.25 ; AND TO CLUBS OF TWENTY, ONLY $1.00 A YEAR INVARIABLY IN ADYANCE. VOLUME II. NEWBERN, N. C., TUESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 10, 1860. NUMBER 16. WEEKLY PROGRESS. BY J. Itv PENNINGTON. , THURSDAY MORNING, JAN. 5, I860. Ifcntef Advertising iu the Weekly Progreia. The following are the only Kates of Advertising in the Weekly Progress, to all save those who con tract by the year and .advertise in both weekly and daily papers: One square (12 lines minion) one insertion, 00. Subsequent insertions, each -f0 cents." Any number ot squares will be charged in propor tion. All advertisements marked (tf) till forbid, will be continued till ordered out and charged as above. CONGRESSIONAL. Both the Senate and House were in session on Tuesday, but no ballot was taken for Speaker of the House. Several democrats were absent. Another - Daily. We learn from good authority that there are politicians young, aspiring and promising of course who desire the establishment of a politi cal daily paper in Newbern. Their reasons for wishing ruch an enterprise, we suppose, are better known to themselves than to anybody else, and while doubtless they would be willing to mount by means of such a ladder, we question their dis position to furnish their quota for its construction. We shall hail the establishment of another daily, at any time, as an evidence of our material pro gress, and could but wish such an enterprise a brilliant success ; and consequently, having an extensive publishing coicern already established and sufficient force and material for the execution of a large amount of work, if it will further the wishes of the projectors of an undertaking so laudable, we will willingly undertake the print ing of such paper, by contract, provided they can not get a practical man to take hold. There is an immense amounnt of talent connected with both parties in this section and of course they would require no editorial assistance. Patriotism will readily and cheerfully render all the labor required in that department. But as those who print are generally dependent on their labor for their bread and butter, and have but little time to devote to patriorism, (politically speakingj we should re quire, in undertaking such contract, some guaran tee for our labors outside of the profits of the en terprise. Our experience in politics is, that it is a very nice thing for those who vein, but those who control the party "organs" and who perform the most laborious part. of the work, are, generally, not of that class. When a political daily becomes a paying insti tution in Newbern we shall advocate railrond communication with Hyde county, via Bay River. Found Dkad J. A. Motrin, a Portuguese, who had been in Newbern for over a year, and who muny of citirens will recollect as the proprietor of an eat ing house kept on Craven street last winter, was found dead yesterday morning in a shanty up town which he had occupied for some time past. Report aaya that he froze to death. We have not heard the verdict of the jury of inquest. Poor man ! We knew lain when he had inonev. property uud friends ; but he was mortal, was weak, ninned, and he fell. Fell, oh! how low died, we doubt not, from the effec ts of drink if not directly, his death we feel confident, was indirectly brought on by that Weakness. Despise his memory and with hl& your sympathy, ye who feel that your footing is sure. The time was when he too never dreamed of kucIi an end. Taroet SfiooTiNo. In our notice yesterday of the performance of the Elm City Cadets, we neglected to notice the result of the target shooting, and ns good shooting is one of the most important accom plishments of a successful soldier, we subjoin the following statements that ail parties may know who to depend upon when danger threatens. The best shot was made by Corporal R. P. Dowdy ; prize a fine :-i!k hat. Second best, by B. T. Ernandes; prize a fine fa tigue cnp. Third beet, by Sergeant Alexander Miller, jr. Gastusias Literary Society. At a meeting ot this Society, held on the 3rd mst., the following offi cers were elected for the ensuing term : Alexander Ii. Raven President; George W. Taylor, Vice-President ; James C. Harrison, Secretary and Treasurer; Beij:imin M Cook., jr., Critic and Librarian; George L. Wadsworth, Judge Advocate; John C. Robertson, Marshal. Most Welcome. We shall most cheerfully welcome the friend of " Cosmo " to the correspon ds ntatorial corps of the Progress, and assure him that when he shall have made the acquaintance of the staff some of them as fair as Venuses he will not regret the little labor necesary to retain a place in the gang. Reap It. We hope that none of our readers will fail to read the letter of Miss Ann S. Stephens to Victor Hugo. It is a pure offering from an American patriot and that patriot is ail accom plished woman. Read it. DON'T Like It ! The Salisbury Banner'prom- ises to "pitch into" the Address which has been published by the " Working Men " of Ral eigh at an early day. DIVIDEND. The Bank of Clarendon has de clared a dividend of 5 per cent, on the profits of the past six months. Stamped Paper and Envelopes Combin ed. This new patent is now in the hands of the Postoffice Department, with a view to examine into its merits and practicability. It consists of a sheet of paper of any size, the outside half sheet being shaped like the flap of an envelope, and when folded has the appearance of the ordinary envelop The United States Postage stamp is imprinted on the right hand corner. Itfrequently happens that in the hurry of business the usual envelope is torn off and thrown away, when, if the correspondent fails to postmark it on the in side, great inconvenience is experienced. This new style is especially adapted to the conve nience of business men generally. Constitution. Drowned, We regret to learn that Mr. J. E. Toomer of this place got drowned on Saturday or Fridny last, at Jones' Lock on the Cape Fear Riv er.. He was assisting to save some timber, where he, with two others, were carried under the dam. The other two swam ashore, but he could not, ei their from not knowing bow to swim or being stunned. We understand tbafrMr. Toomer leaves a wife and three children in this place. Wit. Journal. The Mormons. The President, in bis Mes sage, has very little, if anything, to say in regard to the Mormons; out the Secretary of War, in his report accompanying the Message, furnishes a most deplorable picture of Mormondom. He gives up the Saints in despair, and threatens to leave them without tbe protection of the army. But is ww no way to reach the Mormon atrocities of which Mr. Floyd complains? Does squatter sov J igW Sver 8uch horrible crimes T What ; Mr. Douglas fay ? A. Y. Herald. TO VICTOR IIUUO. Sir, Your letter to the London Star has found its way into the American Press, for which it was doubtless intended. - If ardent enthusiasm could win justice from her strict course, yours might have bad some effect upon the destiny of John Brown. But all the eloquence of genius cannot take the blackness trom treason, or the crimson stain from murder. It requires something more than an outburst of fine poetry to turn crime into patriotism something more than impetuous de nunciation to check the solemn footsteps of jus tice. ' . Before this time you will have learned that Virginia has vindicated the majesty of her laws ; and that John Brown and his unhappy confede rates have passed to a higher tribunal for judg ment. You, will learn, also, that out of nearly thirty millions of people, spreading over a great continent, there is but a handfull of men and wo men who have received the news of the execution with disapproval. North and South, tbe great body of our people acqniesce in the fate of John Brown, as an inevitable necessity a solemn obli gation to the laws. Like you, we. may feel com passion for the man who. was brave even in his crimes; but he was a'great criminal, and so per ished. God have mercy upon his sou! ! The impulses of humanity which prompted vour letter meet with sympathy from every true heart. But no outburst of compassion, no denun ciation from abroad, is likely to influence a peo ple who have learned to govern their passions while they protect their rights. When, in the ardor of your fancy, Washington stood before you immortal with heavenly great uess your intellect should have gone a step farther, and ii formed itself more correctly regard ing the Constitution, to establish which he gave the best years of a glorious life. You would have learned that each State of this Union is sovereign in itself in its laws and in its power to punish crimes committed on its soil. To establish t he distinct sovereignty of these States and link them in one beautiful confedera tion, concessions were made and obligations of forbearance were entered upon to which the sa cred honor of our Revolutionary fathers was pled ged not for themselves alone, but for their child ren and children's children. These obligations make slavery with us a forbidden subject Washington himself was born in a slavehold ing State lived and died the master of slaves. Neither on the battle field, the floor of Congress, nor in the Presidential chair, did he suggest the possibility of revolt against the solemn compact made in the Constitution. Had treason, like that of Old John Brown, bro ken out in his time, he would undoubtedly have done what Jas. Buchanan is doing now Main taining his august position as the cheif of a great confederation, our President respects the rights of a sovereign State, over whose internal laws he has no authority, and leaves to her Courts the punishment or pardon of the treason which broke out on her territory. Washington could have done no more than this crown him with the halo of poetry as you will Virginia, a sovereign State, has maintained her authority John Brown is dead. Proven guilty of treason condemned for atrocious mur ders he has atoned for these crimes on the scaf fold It is impossible for a man to stand upon the verge of eternity, into which he must be launched by a violent death, without filling eve ry pood heart with "grief and compassion. But when he is brave when his path of blood has been lighted by the lurid torch of fanaticism or insanity such minds as yours, affluent, earnest, and poetical, may be expected to eluthe his eriie j in white garments, ana torgettuig me muruerer in the brave man, sing paens to the martyr of a vivid imagination only. I am of a sex and of a nature to whom these feeiings are kindred. I cannot think of old John Brown upon the scaffold without a shudderthrough all my being. I cannot think of a man made in the image of his God, suffering an ignominious death without thrills of pnin. But I find it im possible to fix my mind on the scaffold of this old i man. It goes back to his victims at Harper's Fer- j ry to the women made widows by the outbreak of a single morning to the orphans, who had never wronged him, so cruelly bereaved by his crime. I see the two sons who blindly followed his lead fall martyrs to his rebellious spirit. I look beyond all this, far away into the beau tiful South, and instead of an old man on the gal lows I see thousands of my own countrywomen, gentle, good and lovely, given up a prey to wild insurrection I see those murderous pikes, manu factured with such cruel forethought, piecing their bosoms I hear the cries of children calling for the mothers who will never answer them again I see proud, strong men struggling against the brute strength ot their own household servants. This picture strikes 1113' compassion dumb, and I can only cover my face and pray God to have mercy on the old man's soul. John Brown was tried, condemned, and execu ted as a traitor a guard of American citizens stood around the scaffold, sad at heart, but steady in their devotion to the laws. The Legislature of a great Commonwealth sat, deliberately, after his sentence, and pronounced it just. The Fed eral Union, in which thirty millions of souls throb, stood by in solemn silence while the Trea son of this man was expirated. Out of these thirty millions of intelligent, edu cated men, who make their own laws and abide by them, not one hundred thousand can be found to join with y an in condemning the execution of John Brown, while every good heart among them must sympathize in the pity for his fate, which mingles so eloquently with your denunciations. Some there may be, nay, certainly are, who would add bitterness to your words, and wing them, like poisoned arrows, far and wide, if they had the power. But these are the very men and women who instigated his crime, who urged him on to revolt, and shrunk away into safe places when the gloom of.his deeds settled around him men and women who make money by incendi ary books, sermons and lectures, and while they incite crimes which coin gold for themselves, have no courage to meet the danger when it aris es. But thousands and tens of thousands share your pity for the old man guilty and mad as he was, while they put your denunciations aside with calm forbearance, feeling how little know ledge you possess on a subject which agitates you so deeply. But if the great mass of my countrymen join in your pity for the unhappy man, it is not because they condemn his exeeutiou or sympathise with his revolt. Probably twenty-nine millions and nine hundred thousands ot our people look upon this execution as a full and solemn atonement for crimes in which they have no sympathy. Our country is now divided into three political par- ties, none ot which will endorse tnis reueuion 01 condemn the course justice has taken. When you call upon the Federal Union to interpose its authority against the laws of Virginia, there is not a school-boy throughout the land for to all such our Constitution is a text-book who would not smile at your idea that the General Govern ment has any right to interfere with the legal acts of an independent Commonwealth, or that the majority of a single State would so interfere, if it had the power. Your picture of John Brown's trial is a painful one. It must be a hard heart which does not swell with compassion as it presents itself. -" Up on a wretched pallet, with six half gaping wounds scarcely conscious of surrounding sounds- bath ing his mattress with blood, and with the ghosty presence of his two dead sons forever before him ' Thus you place the unhappy man before the world, forgetting that those ghasty wounds are but the evidence of a more ghasty crime the fear ful witness by which bis guilt was confirmed. It is, indeed, a terrible picture you have drawn; but the streets of Harper's Ferry had one more terrible still. There, innocent men, all uncon scious of danger, were shot down like wild ani mals. There widows, newly bereaved, knelt moaning orer their dead, and orphan childien cried aloud for the parents that John Brown had so ruthlessly murdered. .This, pictnre you have forgotten to place side by side with the other; but we who love our countrymen have sympa thy for the innocent as well as pity for the guilty. You complain that his trial was hurried, that the jury sat only forty minntes, and that all the proceedings were indecorously urge forward ; but were they so swift as the rifle balls that shot 3own unarmed men in the streets at Harper's Ferry ? Were they so ruthless as John Brown's midnight descent upon a sleeping village in Kan sas, where hnsbands and sons were dragged out pf their beds, and shot down within hearing of their wives and mothers ? Is this the man whom you speak of as ''pious, r.ustere, animated with the old puritan spirit, inspired by the spirit of the Gospel ;" while you call bis companions, " sacred martyrs?" This, sir, is the blasphemy of a highly-wrought imagination excuse me for saying not original with you; for wilder and more irreligious men than I trust you are have gone to greater lengths, and blasphemed more eloquently than this. They have pronounced John Brown's gollow holier than the cross, and held up his rebellion as a re buke to the unfinisned mission of our Lord the Saviour. " At this moment,"' you say, " America attracts the attention of the whole world." Not at this moment only, but ever since she be came a free nation this has been a truth. To all the Kingly Governments of Europe she has all ways been a contrast and an irritation a sub ject for criticism and, whenever an opportunity for blame arose, of denunciation. It is not strange then that a rebellion in part fostered in Europe should call forth bitter remarks there. "Let the Judges of Charlestown and the slave holding Jurors, and the whole population of Vir ginia ponder on it well they are watched they are not alone in the world.'1 They have pondered on it well, and the execu tion of John Brown has taken place If the whole American Republic were responsible for his death, as you sny it is it would simply be responsible for a most painful duty solemnly per formed ; and received with mournful resignation even by the most merciful, because ot its imperative necessity. Justice demanded ti.e life of this man for he had taken human life ne cessity demanded it, for he was the spirit and soul of a treason that threatened the foundations of our nationality that would forever have been plotting more bloodshed so long as he lived on earth. You call the execution of Brown a " brother hood of bloood" you say that "the fasces of our splendid Republic will be bound together by the running noose that hangs from his gibbet."' If this is true if any brotherhood of blood is connected with this painful event, it rests neither with the " whole " American Republic nor with the State of Virginia ; but its red track ma' be found across the foam of the Atlantic, linking Exeter Hall with the sensation pulpits on this side the ocean. The weight of John Brown's blood lies with England and the confederates of England, who have by their teachings, their money and crafty sympathy, led the old man on to death. What but this " band of blood " did the people of England expect when they gathered penny contributions throughout the length and breadth of their land, in order to urge this incen diary spirit forward in America? Penny contri butions as if Liberty were a Tyrant or a Pau per, to be intimated or bribed by their infamous copper. .What was the contribution intended for 7 An insult, or a fund for incendiary mees t If sent lo the United States for the purpose of inciting in surrection, or in any way opposing our laws, then that money has been the price of John Brown's blood, and was the first strand of the halter that hung from his gallows What did the people of Scotland expect when they rent the American flag in twain, and hung it, tattered and quivering beneath the indignity, over the head of an American woman, who smiled be nignly under the insult, arid received alms after it was offered ? Out of such acts and such in sults, the halter of John Brown was woven ; to such insidious encouragement the old man owes his death. Was there an English man or woman living, who supposed that a great nation would allow the treason thus instigated on a foreign soil, to ripen in her bosom, and fail to punish it with all the force of her just, laws ? It is the people of England, then, with a very small party in the United States, who are united by this " bond of blood." It reddens the vest ments of our sensation ministers, not the ermine of our judges. The sacramental tables of our po litical churches are encrimsoned with it, and the places once sacred are overshadowed by the old man's crime. In these places when you call John Brown " the champion of Christ," it may be con sidered meek and holy language; but the great mass of our American people will turn from such impiety with a shudder. Your letter closses with an appeal to our Re public, calling it the sister of the French Repub lic. How little you know of the great land you compliment and revile in the same breath. Lib erty with us subjects herself to the laws which she has inspired, and he who revolts against those laws sins against her and the whole people whom she protects. She sprang another Minerva from the midst of patriotic statesmen, modestly clad, serene and beautiful, she presides over our Re public, and has so far protected it from anarchy or oppression. It is that our Republic may have no sisterhood with those of France that such insurrections as you denominate "a sacred duty" are met with the whole force of our laws. Were they permit ted to obtain a foothold in the land, our Republic might indeed become sister to those of France, and perish as they did. Had the insurrection at Harper's Ferry suc ceeded, the scenes of anarchy which left France lying like an unnatural monster satiated with the blood of her own children, might have been re peated heie. But we are not yet prepared to see innocent babes shot down in battallions, or fair girls compelled to drink blood frothing from a yet warm human heart, in order to redeem their fathers from the hatchet We are not prepared to see our pastors slaughtered at the foot of their own altars, or hear coarse songs thundering through the solemn arches of our temples. It is to save our country from consanguinity with Re publics founded on attrocities like these, that our laws crush rebellion when it fitst crests itself. Rest, Sir, upon your knees before the star-spangled banner. While our pulpits are tnrned into political forums, and their Ministers preach rapine and blood-shed, the foot of our flag staff is, per haphe most sacred place for devotion that we haveTo offer you. There, certainly, a pure spirit should inspire your prayers. Yes ; kneel reverent ly, and plead that the great country protected by its fold may fling off the poison so insidiously cir culated in her bosom by foreign nations. The spirits of our immortal statesmen will be atound you when that prayer is uttered ; and, if you are in truth a patriot, one heavenly voice will whis per, in tones that must be changed if they do not penetrate to the depths of your soul " 1 know no North, no South, no East, no West; nothing but my country !" Kneel, kneel, I beseech you, sir, and let this patriotic sentiment be the burden of your prayer. Millions of souls on this side the Atlantic will swell the breath, as it passes your lips, into a cloud of sacred incense, which the .spirit of Wash ington, and the mighty . ones who have joined hira, shall waft to the feet of Jehovah and grow holier from the work. ANN S. STEPHENS. New York, Dec 27. 1859. " John Brown s Secretary of State." A man passing himself off as Richard Realf, the Secretary of State " of John Brown, anxious to raise funds to reach Cauada, has been arrested at Springfield, Mass., charged with swindling the irreprWihle conflict " fanatics of that plac. FRIDAY MORNING, JAN. 6, I860. The Sectlnnl Party. The Black Republicans who advocate the abo lition and extinction of slavery, though a purely sectional organization who advocate measures and promulgate principles directly at war with the sacred teachings of the Constitution, is at this time the strongest organization in the American Congress. Whatever the feelings of the constitu encies of these men at home may be, the alarm ing fact forces itself upon us that we have a Black Republican Congress; a Congress'that is determ ined to war on the institution of slavery until it is abolished or the Union destroyed, unless the people of the South rise in their might and assert and maintain their rights, under the Constitution, at the point of the bayonet. Since the meeting of Congress Southern members genernlly have used every possible honorable expedient to effect an organization. Democrats have voted for Whigs and Know-Nothings, and Whigs and Know-Nothings have voted for Democrats in their efforts to elect a Speaker. They have shown a disposition to make concessions and compromises for the public good, but where or when have we had an instance of a Black Republican voting for any one out of their own party ? Gentlemen, North and South, who claim to be conservative, may sing paeans to the Union until they grow hoarse by the exercise, but we tell our Southern brethren that the great Abolition Sec tional party, whose one idea principle is war upon slavery and slave owners, is gaining strength both ia and out ot Congress every day. What ever may be the' issue of the contest now going on for Speaker a great battle is to be fought next November which will go far to decide the fate of the States of tlijs Union for generations to come. We think we are as conservative as any man can be consistent with honor and self respect ; we yield to none in allegiance to the Union. As a matter of individual interest we would give up everything and cling to the Union if we could do so as an equal under the Constitution, but if the power of the federal government is to be used to crush slavery and degrade slave owners, then we have only to ask that the "irrepressible conflict" may commence and that we may be placed wherev er in the front ranks that the South most needs a man. We do not want to live to see the day when the South shall make another compromise on the question of slavery. We say again, we would not see the Union dismembered for a thousand such raids as that at Harper's Ferry, for in that we are satisfied that only a few thousands, at most, were directly engaged, who had no coun tenance from the federal government, though they had the sympathies of the whole Black Repub lican party. Nor would we make the election of a Black Republican President, of itself, the cause of dissolution, unless followed up by fanatical and sectional legislation which deprived us of our rights-uiiortT rtic-CHristitmlon. These arc our po sitions and we go farther than most of our intense ly conservatives on the question of the Union. But unhappily for the South there is another view to be taken of the future of our country. Our Union friends, South, have rejoiced much over the Union mass meetings north ; they cite them as an evidence of a returning sense of jus tice that the north is sound, friendly to the South. &c. We would not give a fig for all their Union demonstrations if they go no farther. Find ing that their trade with the South is falling off and the southern orders being withdrawn from their manufactories they have become, all at once, wonderfully alarmed about the Union. Honied words of fraternal regard arc on the lips of North ern men who never loved the South before, and we regret to see that many of the southern people are willing to be duped and humbugged thereby; but in all these Union demonstrations, professions of love for the constitution and regard for their southern brethren have any efforts on their part been made to induce their Black Republican rep resentatives in Congress to vote for a national man for Speaker? Why do they not hold mass meetings and instruct their Congressmen to drop Sherman and vote for a national man so that an organization may be effected and the business of legislating for the country go on? There would be something solid in such a step as this: but no, they are as much attached to their abolition prin ciples as ever, but they deem it an easy matter to throw dust in the eyes of the southern people, as they have often done befoie, and thereby secure the rich returns from southern commerce on which they have grown so fat. Right upon the heels of their Union demon stration the arch fiend and traitor, Seward, re turns from Europe. What is the reception given him by some of the same 30,000 who participated in the Union demonstration at the Academy of Music only a few days previous? What the en thusiasm of the multitude as he passes from the great commercial center, New York, to his home in the interior? To our mind there is more sig nificance in the reception tendered Seward, the great leader of the Black Republicans, by the populace and authorities of New York, than in all their Union demonstrations. Seward can carry and will carry New York by 40,000 votes next November. Can our Union friends prevent that? If he be elected President all the important posts of the government will be filled by Black Repub licans, the power of the federal government will be used to abolish slavery and to degrade slave owners, and therefore we say that the fate of the Union hangs upon the issue of the next presiden tial election. If sectionalism triumphs over the national candidate we may prepare to defend our section, our property and our rights under the constitution. While we do not insist that even the election of Seward would be sufficient cause for a dissolution, we feel confident that his as sumption of power would be followed by such acts of aggression as to make such course impera tive for the maiutainauce of our honor. Let us be prepared for the worst, and determine, if driven from the Union by a denial of our rights by fede ral authority, to strike for Southern independence and a Southern Confederacy, out of it. Leap Year. This is leap year, and as the ladies have the privilege of making advances during the whole of I860 to any member of the opposite sex on whom they may set their affections, oar bacheloi reporter don't care how soon Rome clever damsel whispers her 44 tale of love" in his ear. ttt tt- 1 ii "I. I " in fltir ! columns and hap he will writ offcnv Better than Texas. We are npw more con firmed in the opinion than ever that North Caro lina is a better State for farming and enterprise generally than Texas or any of the other far off countries. We find the following in the Salisbu ry Banner: H. M. Diggs, of Anson county, has two boys, brothers, that picked on different days this sea son, the following weights of cotton: 730, 714, G12, 603. 578. 572. Mr. Diggs ha just returned home from Texa. where he had been to find a " better place and a better country," perfectly satisfied with the old North State. He says he would not take five hundred dollars for the trip. This statement was made to me by Mr. Diggs on his return on Mon day last. Still Another Example. Here we have another North Carolina volunteer company uni forming themselves with North Carolina manu factured fabrics. We find the following iu the Ashville News: The " Buncombe Tiifles. We understand there are nearly one hundred men enrolled in this pa triotic corps. At a meeting held by the company last week a uniform was adopted to be made of steel mixed Rock Island Cassimere, manufactured in Mecklenburg county in this State. That's right. A mountain Rifle company clad in the fabrics of the Hornet's Nst county will, we think be invincible. GOVERNOR PACKF.R'S MESSAGE. Harrisbl'RO, Jan. 4. The Governor's Mes sage has been delivered to the Legislature. He congratulates the people on the decrease of the State debt, which is at the rate of a million year ly, in consequence of the sale of the canals. In reference to the Harper's Ferry affair he says that it is gratifying to know that no Pennsylvanians participated in the outrage, and that the fugitives arrested within the boundaries of the State were promptly surrendered to justice. While enter taining no doubt that the Union will endure to the latest generation, he exhorts to moderation and harmony, and trusts to a national fraternal sentiment to banish the present disturbing ele ments. 3,000.000 of freeman enable Pennsylva- ; nia to rebuke plotters of treason, North and South, and to say emphatically that neither shall dis turb the perpetuity of the Union cemented by the blood of our patriotic fathers, and that these State3 shall be forever united. Ladies Should read Newspapers. It is one great mistake in female education to keep a young lady's time and attention devoted to onlv fashionable literature of the day. If you would 1 1? jv 1 r .? . .. 1 quaury ner ior conversation, you must give ner something to talk about, give her education with the actual world and its transpiring events. Urpre her to read newspapers and become familiar with the present character and improvement of our race. History is of some importance, but the past world is dead, and wj have little compara tively to do with it. Our thoughts and our con cerns should be for the present world, to know what it is, and improve its condition. Let her have an inteJ'igent conversation concerning the mental, moral, political, and religious improve ments of our timps. Let the gilded annals and poar.is on the centre table be kept apart of the time covered with journals. Let the family men, women, and children, read the newspapers. Suspicious Characters.-Two suspicious men were arrested in Stokes county week before last, and " put thiough" according to law One was believed to be a counterfeiter, from Virginia, and the other an Ohio emissary The latter pawned his horse, saddle and bridle as security for his ap pearance at the next term of the CBurt for that county, and departed on foot. Papers found in his possession, convicted him of several false hoods, and strengthened the suspicions as to his character. He was passing as a book pedler. Salisbury Watchman. Southkrx Shoes. One. of our contemporaries asks What is to hinder us from manufacturing our own shoes'" To which we answer, the want of Shoe Pegs. Thousands of bushels of shoe pegs are brought from the North and sold to Southern shoe makers. Is it possible that there is no wood in the Southern States suitable, or that, the man ufacture of a shoe peg is beyond Southern ingen uity ? We know the contrary and we think that those who very properly advocate the manufac ture "f Southern shoes, had better begin at 'he beginning and let their motto be, Indipendence in shoe pegs. Augusta Dispatch. The Progress of Non-Intercourse. The movements of the South towards an entire cessa tion of all traffic with the North, and towards arm in sr themselves against future emergencies, have resulted thus far in very largely increasing one branch of Northern traffic. The trade in arms and ammunition of war, rifles, swords, and especially military buttons, gold lace and feath ers, was never so brisk in the North as it is just now. We understand that large orders are re ceived from the South by our merchants for sup plies of these articles. N. Y. Times. Manufacture of Fire-Arms. On the au thority of the Nfw Haven Journal, it is stated that Col Sam. Colt, of Haitford, has made ar rangements to establish a manufactory of fire-arms at Richmond, Va. The capital required is one million of dollars, of which Major W. M. B. Hart lev, of Connecticut, has agreed to furnish one hMf. Business Effect of the Irrepressible Con flict. We have had nuuiy tacts brought to our own knowledge within the last ten days similar to those detailed below. In the experience of one person, twenty-nine out of thirty Southern orders foi goxxls have been countermanded. In that of another, one-half They are all but the natural fruits upon our own business of the irre pressible conflict. A". Y. Express. Hired Negroes. Several hundreds of the ne gro men of this County are hired out annually to go South to work in turpentine or the cotton fields. Many of them returned about Christmas and it was a time of j y among them and their friends. This week they return. Many of the industrious and prudent, are frequently able to bringack a good pile of cash for themselves, which they earn beyond their task. The prices of hireiinfrs rnge high. About $250 and upwards are paid for hands to go South. JUsA. Dt's. Meditated Mischief. The Alexandria Sen tinel of Saturday, says : A letter from the Northern Neck says that a servant woman of Mrs. Yerby had ma le state ments to her mistress of meditated mischief in Richmond county, which had caused the arrest f ten negro men by the civil authorites. The investigations, which have not been concluded, had increased the solicitude of the people The appropriate remedy will be doubtless applied. Imports of Drv Goods. We learn from the Journal of Commerce that tbe imports of dry goods at the port of New York for the year 1859 have been larger by nearltwenty million dollars than for any previous year in the history of the country, and nearly fifty -three million dollais larger than-for the year 1858. A part of this in create has doubtless resulted from the depression in his trade which succeeded the financial revul sion o J857. ' Theodore Parker. Theodore Parker writes a long letter from Rome respecting John Brown, in which he fully approves his raid upon Virginia, and justifies insurrection and the stirring up of insurrection by white men. . ' Alexander Cobb was froten to death last Satur day, in Wwtbrck, Mo eight rods from hta hone. FROM OUR CORRESPONDENTS New York, Dec 29, 185a. Mr. Editor : I have just time before the mail closes, to send you a few late news items. The steamer " Arago" arrived about 8 la.t night, and among her passengers was the very distinguished Senator Seward. Tbe Black Republicans tinned out pretty strong, and fired a salvo of 100 guns in the City Hall Park, as a welcome to him. Ho of coarse was taken to the "Astor House," where he doubtless met many friends of his peculiar J stripe. The Astor again flung out " that flag " cf white, red and blue, with the lettering that I told yon of in a former communication. I wonder tho' that it's not lettered now irrepressible con flict ;" 'twould be far more appropriate. Yesterday we had a snow storm for an hour or two. The weather is so very cold now, that a few minutes exposure makes one's ears ache. The steamer Granada," from New Orleans, while coming cp the Bay last night, was so badly cut by the floating ice from the Hudson, that she could not reach her Dock, but was compelled to put into Duane street Dock, and had just time to land her passengers, when she sank to her decks. Just before day this morning, a fire broke out in a building on Beekman street, and burnt through the block to Ann street, through Ann to John street, and 'tis said it has now reached thro' the block to Fulton street. The wind being from the North, and blowing hard, it's difficult to tell where or when the devouring element will bo checked. Thousands are witnessing the destruc tion. Firemen, policemen and engines are bard at work, some of the men are literally coated with ice. The streets are a perfect net work of hose, and the steam engines are. at work, throwing an immense quantity of water. This is a fair test of their utility, for it's so cold the other Engines are clogged with ice and seem to be ot but little use. Yours, in -haste, M. Statesville, Jan. 2, 1SG0. Dear Progress : Seeing there is no ono hero who has taken the responsibility of dropping you an occasional line or two, sincoyour friend "Tow Wad." has ceased to interest your readers, and thinking a paragraph from this section of " the Old North State " might now, as well as then, tend to interest your numerous readers, I submit to you my advent into the columns of a public journal. Nothing, I admit, should be mora care fully arranged than matter for the printer. And, neither, indeed, does one think, before assuming such a position, the responsibility attending it. Statesville, though a small mountain town, ii rappidly increasing both in population and busi ness, and I think you would hardly recogize the place now, though it has been but a short time since you passed through it, and not a great while since you helped yourself to one of Iredell's " fair daughters." Several large and commodious buildings have lately been constructed and others are now under headway. The Stockton build ing, on the corner of Main street and College Avenue, is a handsome, large, brick building, fit ted up for store rooms, with an appropriate Town Hall on the second floor Reese's brick building, finished in time for this season's stock, and occu pied by Wallace &. Elias, is another excellent store-house. The Simonton House, as you know, s worth being noticed as a building well fitted ifor the purpose for which it is used, vie : a largo hotel and two extensive stores. Merchants in this piaco have laid in larger stocks for the present season than ever before, and when we consider this, in connection with the new firms which have sprung up at the opening of this season, and tho rapidity with which they have all thus far, dis posed of their goods, we must at once conclude that Statesville is fast being made the gate-way of commercial enterprise, an opening for mechan ical industry, and all other pursuits consequent thereto. Our merchants have not only sold an unusual amonnt of goods for tho cash, at retail but they have disposed of a great quantity, in barter, at wholesale, thus still more increasing their facilities for bringing the " needful " info the town. A larger trade has been opened with merchants still more remote from the chief markets, and many of those sturdy mountain farmers now find a market for their produce in a much more con venient locality than they have heretofore found. Now, instead of driving to Charlotte and Salis bury thus injuring their teams and losing time they can dispose of their loading in Statesville where they get as erood prices for all, and actually better for some articles in demand in Southern and Eastern markets, either in cash or otherwise, Should the A. T. & O. R. R reach this place, which is very probable, it will become the cen tral point of all the mountain waggon trade, be ing a near market and a convenient depot for produce going either South or East to find a more profitable market. We can also boast of a Female College in this place which is not surpassed by any nor even equalled by many similar institutions. The next session of this institution commences on the 4th inst. Several pupils have already arrived and many others will be here in a few days to commit themselves to the care and instruction of the tal ented taculty. This place is fast increasing in population. Several families, to say nothing of persons with out families, have lately moved into our midst, bought property and entered irto business ; others have bought town lots with the same intention, and in several instances have already commenced improving. This is looking up for Statesville, aud if we had the above mentioned railroad fin ished and a Bank of some kind our village would soon become a town ot considerable importance, and we could then have "gas bglit" on the sub ject, which would be a great help on dark nights. On Saturday, 3Jst ult , a preuy neavy snow ieu here to the depth of about three inches ; ever since the weather has been pleasant enough over head. I have made my letter longer than I intended, but, (if you publish it at allj 1 hope you will ex cuse its length, for if that were the only objection I would feel better satisfied. Respectfully, OSWELL. Read what Mr. Mitchell, the editor of the St.' Louis News, says of Congressmen, and stand h mazed : . "Democrats, Americans and Black Repub licans are on the most friendly terms, and are as often seen with their arms around each others necks as a lot ofschool JPrh- It is painful to know that men will so trifle with the peace and dearest interests of the country as do these p liticans. Their language is as ferocious in their public speeches a their conduct in social Hf i fraternal "