Newspaper Page Text
FRIDAY MORNING, DEO. 21, 1860.
Uojjin witli tlie Sew. Year.
For the last few days names have poured in
both for our Daily and Weekly, and we are glad
to be able to say that our business and pros
pects were never so bright as now. But this
is not to be wondered at, for in times like these
every man must have a newspaper, and what
is more, every man wants the best. No won
der then that the list of the Progress should go
Those who have not subscribed should send
on the money now and begin with the new
year. We would also remind those now on
our Weekly list to watch for the cross mark
and send on the $2 in time. We stop the pa
per in every instance when the time paid for ex
pires. So if you don't want to be without .the
paper send on and renew in time.
Daily $(3; Weakly $2. The Weekly is fur
nished to clubs of six and over at $1 50 each.
Any person sending us a club often with $15
will receive the paper one year gratis.
IoIiticiaiis be Still.
There i3 a great re-action going on in the
North and no mistake, and we now honestly
believe that the people of that section, the ma
jority of them, rather than give up all that
they enjoy under the present Union will make
all reasonable concessions ; provided that the
South assume and maintain an undivided front
The people themselves, if left aione ami unin
fluenced by the inflammatory appeals of politi
cal demagogues, could settle pending difficul
ties in a manner that would be satisfactory to
11 parties, and upon a basis no doubt that
would give the South peace and security.
Then will the politicians, who have brought
the country to its present deplorable condition,
take a back seat and be quiet V The people of
the two sections who live in the border States
and who are most effected by the everlasting
slavery agitation could easily settle this mat
ter, but it is the "irrepressibles" in the two
extreme sections who keep up the infernal yell.
The foot of a fugitive has scarcely ever been
known to tread the soil of Vermont, nor is it
often that oac escapes from Alabama, and still
the agitators in these extreme States are Mil
ling to "let the Union slide" while Virginia,
Kentucky, Pennsylvania and Ohio are desious
to preserve it.
We know that the South has suffered, but
would these sufferings be diminished by going
out ? Would they not rather be increased an
hundred fold ? AVe should have no fugitive
slave law then and that species of property
would have to be removed from the border
States or become worthless, for no one will
pretend to say that even the value of slavery
M ill justify the keeping of a standing army all
along the line for its protection. Can wo not
llien, as Wise says, better protect our proper
ty and our rights by fighting in the Union ?
We certainly think so and so thinking we are
not willing to give up the Union as long as
there is the faintest hope of its preservation
upon a basis by which the rights of the South
can be secured. The people, Noith and South,
are anxious to heal all existing difficulties ;
they do not want to break up the Government
or lire in constant enmity towards each other,
and a reconciliation would be brought about
but for the politicians. Who is it that has
gotten up and keep up the agitation ? The poli
ticians. Who is it that lead in all our county
meetings and State Legislatures and Conven
tions? The politicians. Who is it that the
people of every section of the country ought
to rise in their might and put down ? The
corrupt politicians ; and if they do not do it and
that speedily their Government and their lib
erties are gone and gone most probably forever.
Let them be taught then and taught at once
i hat the people are the source of all power in
this country and that they mean no longer to
be led and controlled by the intriguing base
ness of corrupt demagogues.
Gloom in Sew York.
A reliable citizen just from New York says
the most thorough and complete stagnation ex
ists there in business. Nothing is doing, and
intelligent gentlemen informed him that if the
present condition of things lasted thirty days
longer at least half the merchants in that great
city would be forced to suspend.
leading New York paper now before us
The fact is unquestionable that industry is
paralyzed, trade stagnated, and that gaunt
.hunger stared thousands of honest workmen,
with large families, in the face. The public
mind is in the utmost alarm, "men's heart
failing them for Tear, looking for the things
coming upon the land."
So we have tixem ; and if the South will only
keep cool and keep its money at home we can
soon starve them into a recognition of our rights.
Were the battle of November to ?.e fought over
agaiu in January the Republicans would never
win. So we say to the South, figbt on but
fight in the Union. Arm and prepare but never
loose your held on the Union while thsre is a
chance to save it Make the Northern mer
chants and manufactures feel your pow er by a
refusal to buy their goods and wares and you
will do more to bring them to terms and to
strengthen slavery than can ever be done by
Conventions, meetings and denunciations.
Three men, Roderick and Bryan -Waters,
white men, and a mulatto named Allen Wil
son, were taken up last Thursday evening at
Mosley Hall, for very outrageous and daring
conduct, using incendiary language, and an
assault upon a respectable citizen. They were
tried by a jury of twelve men and witnes
ses examined in trder. In their eapture, sev
eral guns were fired and Wilson wounded.
The Court adjudged that Allen Wilson and
Roderick Waters, receive each 39 lashes
on the bare back and have ch, one half of
his head shaved; and that Bryan Waters
have one-half of his head shaved and that they
all three be conveyed to the Virginia line.
On arriying ai G&ldsboro, further consul
tation was had, And the two white men, on
account of their youth and deep repentanee,
were permitted to return to Mosley Hall. The
mulatto, Wilson, was sent on the train on
Monday night, to join his 44 northern breth
ren." Goldsboro Tribune.
Here a palpable and we fear dangerous mis
take has been committed by our Lenoir friends.
If the punishment inflicted was deserved then
the 44 pardoning power" exercised is wholly
and entirely inexcusable. They have either done
wrong in the ono instance or the other. If the
parties were guilty of what i3 charged they
should not be permitted to remain in North
Carolina; and on the other hand if not guilty,
the punishment was an outrage.' It is Jot
those who were concerned in the matter to de
- termine in which they have erred in -the pun
. shinent or the pardoning. The most dan
, t geroua Northern abolitionists sometimes profess
deep contrition when detected in their viHiany,
'e.nd so no doubt would the devil. . :
: ---- '
homlf RESIGNATION OF ME. KEITT.
3Sct3fr)i.uMBiA, Dec. 20 The Hon. Lawrence
Hje'simed bis s?at in Congress Tuesday.
We notice that a number of the Weeklies of
the State have given notice that they will issue
no paper Christmas week. The 44 Newbern
Weekly Progress" however will go out on
Christmas week as usual ; we have not lost the
publication of a single number since its estab
lishment and hope never to lose one in the fu
ture. We shall lose one Daily issue on account of
Christmas. The paper will be issued on Tues
day morning the 25th, but as the office will be
closed on Christmas day no paper will be is
sued on Wednesday morning the 26th. We
dislike to lose the single issue and should nof
do it were it possible to get it out without
working on Christmas day.
Candidates in Gkeene County. Messrs.
I M. Stone, Wm. H. Davis, Henry Stith, and
Jehtha Spruill are candidates for the Conven
tion in Greene county ; the first two declaring
for immediate and separate State action ; the
other two take the position of referring all acts
of the Convention back again to the vote of the
people. Mobile Register.
So there is a partg in Alabama that are
afraid to trust anything to the people ; they
will first pack the Convention and then let the
Convention pack the State out of the Union
against the wishes of the majority. If there
be any considerable portion of the people of
that State who are afraid to trust the masses
the sooner they get out of the Union the
better, for they are not fit to remain in it.
A Patriotic Firm. A mercantile firm in
Charleston announce, through the Courier, of
that city, that they have in their employ six
men subject to military duty, whose salaries,
should the State require their services, will be
paid during their absence, and their situations
remain vacant until they return to till them.
Should any of them fall in the service of the
State, it is promised that their widows or or
phans shall be paid at the rate of the salary of
the deceased for twelve months subsequent to
So says an exchange paper. Now we won
der how much this "patriotic" firm expect
their sales to be enhanced by this "patriotic"
announcement. Of course it was made as a
44 business notice" and should be so considered.
POLITICAL REVOLUTION "DOWN EAST "
The remarkable circumstance that the Hon.
Isaac Davis, an old and sterling Democrat, has
been elected Mayor of Worcester the hot-bed
of Massachusetts ultra-Republicanism is thus
alluded to by the Transcript, (Republican,) of
that city :
A city that on the 6th day of November
cast two thousand six hundred and forty-eight
Republican voles to thirteen hundred and forty-eight
for all others just two to one on the
8th of December, gives a majority of one hun
dred and seventy-three for the Democratic
candidate, under the name of Citizens' ticket !
Some of the causes for this change are not
far to seek, others are of a more doubtful na
ture. And again it says :
It is certainly a singular circumstance that
in fourteen cities of this Commonwealth eve
ry one but one giving a Republican plurality,
all but two giving a Republican majorit' the
Republicans can only elect their municipal
officers in three.
Cobb's Address to Georgia.
If we have patience to publish Cobb's ad
dress we dont believe the public would have
the patience to read it. It is long, dull and
prosy. The following are the positions it as
sumes given in a nutshell :
1st. The Black Republican party originated
in opposition to slavery.
2d. Men of all parties, however much they
differed in opinion upon other topics, united
in a determination to destroy the institution of
3d. the constitutional rights of the South
were to be ignored.
4th The Supreme Court decission was re
pudiated. 5th The Black Republican party will ad
here to the principles which brought it into
6th Lincoln declared his hatred of slaver,
and that it must ultimately be overthrown.
7th He declared that the negro is the equal
of the white man.
8th Seward, Chase, Sumner, Greely, Webb,
and other leading Black Republicans, teach the
9th They teach that there is a Ioao higher
thanj?$e Constitution, which justifies a disre
gard of its provisions.
10th Ten sovereign States have legistated
upon this idea.
11th The South claims protection, the North
resists the claim.
12th The Northern pulpit and Sunday School
have taught the people of that section to hate
the institution of slavery.
13th. A temporary majority in Congress
against Lincoln will be unable to secure the
rights and safety of the South.
14th. The whole power of the Government,
with Lincoln at its head, will be used to destroy
Southern rights, equality and safety in the Un
ion. loth. There is no remedy but secession for
the existing difficulty worthy of consideration
save that of new Constitutional guarantees as
proposed by Mr. Buchanan, and they will be
spurned by our Northern enemies.
16th Mr. Cobb entertains no doubt of the
right or duty of the people of Georgia to secede
from the Union, for she never will again have
equality and justice in it.
Disturbing the Political Parsons. There
was some excitement in New York, on Sunday
evening', on account of a threatened attack on
Henry Ward Beecher's Church, if he delivered a
disunion sermon. He, however, avoided the sub
ject altogether, and all past off quietly. At the
conclusion he alluded to the threatened disturb
ance, and said :
Some had asked him why he did not so to
(Charleston to preach. He said he would much
pr.efer Charleston would come here. Others had
asked him why he didnot go to Mobile ; he an
swerfd that pulpits were very apt to be short
lived here, and he did not desire to ruu into dan
ger unnecessarily. And no considered a man a
fool that would not flee from danger and get in a
safe place, so that he could fight the next day.
He knew tL'ey had a halter prepared for him, but
he did not think he should ruu and put his neck
into it he hao? no idea of dying vertically ; and
furthermore, ha liked to work too well to die oth
er than a natural death, and, consequently, had
made up his mind to remain at home.
LETTER FROM LTON. ROBERT TOOMBS.
Senator Toombs has addressed a letter to his
friends in Wilkes county, in response to an in
vitation to speak at Danburg, in which he say
that there is bat one mode of remedying the evils
which environ us in the Union, and that is by
amendments to the constitution.
He says: "Offer in Congress such amendments
of the Constitution as will give you full and am
ple security for your rights then if the Black
Republican party will vote for the amendments
or even a majority of them in good faith, they
can b easily carried through Congress; then I
think it would be reasonable and fair to postpone
final action until the Legislatures of the North
ern States could be conveniently called together
for definite action on the amendments. If they
intend to stop this war on your rights and your
property, they will adopt .such amendments at
once in Congress; if they will not do this, yon
ought not to delay an hour after the 4th of March
to seeede from the Union. This is a constitution
al and effectual ultimatum, means something, can
be tested can be tested at once." - .
The Bank of Charleston. The Charleston
'Mercury of the 14th inst. says: " In yesterday's
issue it was stated that the Bank of Charleston
had resumed specie payments. This announce
ment, as we have since learned, was premature.
The mistake was owning to a current rumor to
that effect, bnt which, it seems, had no founda
tion other than in the fact that the Bank of
Charleston, since the day of its suspension, has;
always been ready to accommodate its customers
with specie for the promotion of tljeix business
and commerce, " . .v , . : i
"Ready to Face a World In Arms
but Run from the Small Pox."
Our Palmetto brethren are not a unit on
anything, we suppose not even on Secession.
The following remarkable debate took place
on the proposition to adjourn to Charles
ton: Mr. Miles said : I will say a few words of
the question to lay on the table. I will ex
press my warmest hope that the resolution of
the gentleman from Chesterfield will not be
adopted, and I do so because it is my fixed
conviction that the adoption of the resolution
and the adjournment of this body from Colum
bia to any other point, without having taken
action on the event which has brought us to
gether, will have the most unhappy, if not a
disastrous effect on the great cause in which the
South is united. (Applause.) There were
two arguments which were urged in favor of
this proposition one is the prevalence of a
contagious disease, and the other is that there
is not a sufficient accommodation for the mem
bers. With reference to the first point, if the peo
ple of South Carolina are prepared to resume
their sovereignty and take their position among
the nations of the earth as an independent peo
ple, and are prepared to face all the dangers
and emergencies which must grow out of that
attitude, in my humble judgment and opinion,
they seem to me to be almost puerile. I think
every question is subsidary to this great and
important matter of withdrawing South Caro
lina from the Union at the earliest moment
practicable, and the misapprehension and mis
construction that would necessarily occur out
of this adjournment, prior to any action, would
dampen the hopes of our friends and gladden
the hearts of our enemies. They would say of
us they are prepared to face a world in arms,
but they runaway from the small pox. With
reference to the matter of personal convenience
to the members. I hope I may be excused for
making a personal allusion.
There is no gentleman more desirous or who
needs more of the comforts of life than I do,
but, when it is necessary to the action of the
Convention and the fulfilment of the desires of
the people, I will remain here every day, even
though I contract the disease, and by staying
should risk my life, I should stay and die.
I am just from AVashington, where I have
been in close consultation with all our South
ern friends. They are unanimous, and their
urgent request is not to delay at all, and the
very last thing urged upon me by my friends
of Georgia, of Alabama, Florida, Mississippi
and Texas, and from every other Southern
State there, was to take out South Carolina the
instant you can ; and now the members are
panic struck, and urge that we forthwith scam
per off to Charleston.
It does not seem to me the effect would be a
little judicious, if I may be allowed the use of
the provincialism. I entreat the gentlemen to
look at this matter. I am prepared, the instant
the body passes the Ordinance of Secession, if
the gentlemen desire it, to remove to any other
point, and to go on and perfect our work ; but
1 would not budge an inch from this, until we
have sundered every tie that binds us to the
Confederacy. (Great applause.)
Mr. Deray heartily endorsed every word Mr.
Miles had said. Let us wait uutil the act of
Secession is accomplished, and then talk of ad
journing. He urged that elections were occur
ring in liiany other Southern States ; they are
watching the movements of this body, all eyes
turned on us ; the telegraphic wires will flash
the intelligence of our action. If we lose time,
if we delay action, it will dampen the spirit of
our friends, and they will ask with propriety,-
"Is this great body assembled at the Cap
ital to inaugurate in a great crisis, a move
ment like this, afraid of a few cases of small
He conceived that the malady was a god
send, because our people had too long neglec
ted a duty which they never should have neglec
ted, that of vaccination. (Laughter.) If the
members will attend to that, I guarantee that
in ten days time there will not be a single case
of small pox here. There is no danger, in my
opinion. If you will pass the Ordinance of Se
cession I am willing to go anywhere, but now, ,
I beg gentlemen, in view of the public exigen
cy, not to remove until South Carolina is out
of the Union, and we have reclaimed our sove
Mr. Keitt agreed with the gentlemen as to
prompt and speedy action. He said I am ready j
to take the State out of the Union. I am ready
to go now and forever, and to go at once, and
to burn the bridges behind us. (Applause. )
Not one of these gentlemen will go futher to
bring about all the ends of the Convention than
I will. But is there anything here in the char
acter of the soil which renders it important
for the honor of the State that your ordinance
of Secession should pass here ? AVill not the
same instrument, if adopted in Charleston,
have the same vitality if passed here ? They
will sneer at you if you go ; why, pray, is it
because you did not come here and run through 1
a great measure in hot haste with all the stages
of its detail ? It is because, when the Conven
tion assembled, it did not in fifteen minutes
carry out its Ordinance of Secession ? AVill
they do it because this Convention is n,ot
shocking its own good sense of propriety, sec
fit to observe such forms as may be necessary
or because of the injurious effect it will have
on our sister Southern States ? Now let me
ask do we doubt what we will do ? Is there
a single doubt but that the Convention will
withdraw the State from the Union ? Is there
any doubt among our sister States that we will
doit? Are we to lose 1,000 votes in Georgia by
postponing the Ordinance of Secession till to
morrow V If on the other hand, gentlemen
can show anything we will lose by going to
Charlesion, I will be the first to stay, and, if
necessary, to make the sacrifice of my life,
aud remain. If this thing do invoke the God
of battles if the cry is, "To your tents, Oh,
Israel," so be it; but if we go to the tented
field to-morrow, and can sleep in a comfortable
bed to-night, I will do it, (Laughter and ap
plause.) Mr. Inglis said if any one was anxious, very
anxious to take, the State out of the Union, he
was more so ? If any one desired it more, he
could not concicve he was more ready than
the readiest. Yet, with this sentiment, he had
offered the resolution. He knew that the ar
gument that has been made would be urged,
but he did not see the force of it. He had of
fered it, believing they would be made. The
Ordinance to be passed must have deliberation.
Not a line of it would be adopted that would
not be discussed. AVe must deliberate on it ;
we must take all the advantages that will tend
to facilitate it. You cannot pass the ordinance
to-morrow. AVe will lose nothing by adjourn
ing over to Charleston. I cannot see how an
adjournment over for half a day shall be com
strued into faltering. I do not see why adver
tisement of our position should be made. If it
is necessary, why pass a resolution saying that
it is the jndgement of this body that an Ordi
nance of Secession-of instant secession should
be passed as soon as possible, but in order to
give time for preparation wo think it best to ad
Another reason the Convention should go
away was in the fact that the greatest care
should be taken of the health of the members ;
their bodily health was important, and it should
be preserved as well as the health of the mind.
With the loathsome disease around us, he did not
see how it was possible to give that deliberation
to business, which should mark the sitting of
the body. What was there in Columbia that
would make it necessary for us to remain here ?
AVas its association that of a more imposing char
acter than that, that would cling around us in
Charleston, with the guns of Fort Moultrie and
Sumter in their view.
The declaration of Mr Valandigham, of Ohio,
as spokesman of the great West, that the seces
sion of the mouth of the Mississippi conld never
be a peaceable secession, attracts no little atten
tion: If Louisiana secedes, she owns, for herself
the month of the Mississippi. Mr. Slidell says
that the Southern Confederacy is to gi ant the free
use of the month of the Mississippi to the West
ern States. This wonld answer very well in time
of peacebutif the Northern Confederacy and the
Southern Confederacy should happen to get to
war, wnat sate outlet would Ohio. Kentucky. In
diana, Missouri, Virginia and even Western Penn
sylvania, have to the sea T : Hence it , might be
that, without coercion, secession will be followed
by a war to possess the mouth of the Mississippi.
The whole subject is surrounded with difficulties.-?
Uf. Gazette, .
: FROM UAUEICJII.
f sMRflTAL CORRESPONDENCE OF THE
XvALEIGH, JS. low,
Dear Progress : Since last I wrote you,
our city has been the scene of some events that
may claim a moment's interest with .your
The Legislature has been for several days
discussing the bill appropriating $300,000 for
arming and equipping the State. It occupied
three days in the Senate, and was finally passed
bv that body late last night. The vote by
which it passed its third reading was a very
decided one, 41 to 3.
. The bill was transmitted to the House to
day and was discussed from le o'clock A. M.,
till 6. P. M. when it was passed on its second
reading. Ararious expedients were adopted by
its opponents to stave it off, but were of no
avail. There is a decided majority in the House
in favor of the bill, but many are anxious to
make amendments to it before it passed into a
law. But a majority, I think, will oppose all
amendments and the bill will probably be
passed some time to-morrow, or to-morrow
night ; at least, before the House adjourns, if
it should be necessary, in order to effect its
passage, to sit continuously until Saturday
It is agreed, as soon as the above bill is dis
posed of, to grant a general leave of absence t
members until the 1st day of January. AVhen
next they meet will come on the bully fight on
the report of the committe on federal relations,
as mentioned in my last.
The Governor communicated to the House
yesterday, the arrival of Hons. J. AV. Garret
and J. 11. Smith, as commissioners from Ala
bama to this State, to confer on the subject of
Federal Relations. They will be formally re
ceived to-morrow. There has also arrived in
this city, I understand, a commissioner to this
State from the State of Mississippi, but the fact
has not yet been formerly aunounced.
AVith regard to other than political matters,
I have but little to communicate from the city
of Oaks, but what there is, you 6hall have, so
far as I am able to give it. Three of the lovely
daughters of Raleigh have been induced to re
sign the spinster, dignity and to undertake the
task of rendering supremely happy a like num
ber of the sterner sex ; they are, two Misses
Bledsoe, and Miss Allen, daughter of C. B. Al.
len, Esq., but the names of the fortunate
swains I cannot give correctly, and therefore
will not attempt it. The Misses Bledsoe were
married yesterday morning and Miss Allen
The Parkers have gone out of town, and the
Banyan Tableaux have come in. It is a splen
The ladies of the Baptist Church have a Fair
in progress, which I learn is doing very well ;
and, now, I can think of nothing more to write,
so By-bye, JACOBUS.
I Correspondence ot the Daily Progress.
Goldsboko Dec. 20. 1800.
Dear Progress: I was in Duplin county
yesterday, and found the people in a very high
state of excitement, owing to the recent as
tounding developments made to Gov. Ellis re
specting a contemplated revolt in that and the
adjoining county of New Hanover. A very
L r. mtt. iQCrt
large meeting of citizens was held at Franklin '
Military Institute on Tuesday, when an effec
five system of patrol was instituted, and every
measure adopted required by the exigencies of
I understand that three men have been ar
rested in New Hanover suspected to be partici
pants in the above mentioned conspiracy.
One of the number, a fist young man recently
from College, confesses that lie is the only ac
tor in the affair ; that there is no truth in the
statements contained in the letter which was
enclosed by a friend in New York to Gov. El
lis ; that those statements were made in order
to deceive Northern abolitionists, and to induce
them to make remittances of money for the
purposes falsely set forth ; that the whole
tiling in short, was conceived in the brain of j
the young man, with the view, simply, of "rais- j
ir.g the wind." How much credit is given to this j
confession by the authorities, I am not able to j
say. Yours, LENOX. :
AFFAIRS IN CHARLESTON.
Chai:m:sto!i, Dec. IS. It is thought the Or-
dinance of Secession will be passed on Wedncs-
1 'I " Ml t V! .
"III H llUiiUllld!.ll.Iil
when tlie act i
against the fort
den o isS rat ions
lies of litiy sort have iicvii erected in the
neighborhood. The gu:eral disposition of the
people is io exhaust negotiations before mai-.ing
any movement to obtain possession of the frts
Some daA's ago the commanding oliicer at
Fort Sumptcr inquired of the hi borers lately
Baltimore if they would defend
the place in case af attack. They answered
unanimously that they came to work, not to
fight, and rather than oppose the South they
would immediately return to Baltimore.
SENVTOiriJENJAMIX FOR TIIElTNIOX.
A AVashington despatch of the 10th sa's :
" Senator Benjamin, of Louisiana, will soon
make a strong speech in favor of the Union."
The telegraph often tells " stories," but
there is a beautiful consistency in this news.
Ilr. Benjamin in the Senate last spring made a
speech to prove that Lincoln was a very con
servative man, vastly more conservative than
Douglas, and that speech was circulated in
hundreds of thousands by the Black Republi
cans as a campaign document and did no little
to help Lincoln's success. Mobile Register.
What AVolld He say Now ? The following
is an extract from a letter written by General
Washington to Governor Harris, from Philadel
phia, July 2S, 1791. The time may yet come
when the South may feel grateful for the protec
tion of the federal government, as it did when
this letter was written :
"In my late tour through the Southern States
I experienced great satisfaction in seeing ths
good effects of the general government on that
part of the Union. The people at large have felt
the security which it gives and the equal justice
it administers to them. The farmer, the merchant,
and the mechanic have seen their several interests
attended to, and from thence they unite in placing
a confidence in their representatives as well as
those in whose hands the execution of the law is
placed. Industry has thus taken the place of
idleness and economy of dissipation Two or
three years of good crops and a ready market for
"1 ! 1 31 a
me prouuee oi ineir lanus nave put every one in
good humor, and in some instances tin y eveo
impute to their government what is due only to
the goodness of Providence."
Congressional. Jiut little doing in Congress
of interest. On Tuesday Mr. Crittenden made a
powerful and patriotic speech, which "was recei
ved with marked feeling by-all present, and
urged the adoption of resolutions in effect amend
ing the Constitution, providing that the Missouri
Compromise line be sxtended to the Pacific,
strengthening the laws prohibiting the African
slave trade, and enforcing the Fugitive Slave Law
by the repeal of the nullifying statutes.
Pending the consideration of the subject, the
Kansas bill came up, and was made the special
order for Monday next.
Mr Hale responded to Crittenden's speech and
resolutions, and inquired whether Crittenden or
Wigfall was the proper accredited organ of the
South, and if the proposition of the former would
satisfy the disunionist.
Mr- Salisbury asked if Hale would urge the ac
ceptance of these propositions on his State if they
would save the Union ?
Mr. Hale said he would not be willing to adopt
them all, but would accept some of them.
Alamance for the union ! At a meeting of
citizens of Alamance, at Uranam, on baturday
last, after a strong speech from Thos. Ruffin,
Jr., Esq., in favor of secession and a Southern
Confederacy, 'the sense of the meeting was
taken, and it was unanimously in fg.vor of the
Union as it now is." Standard, .
E. K. AVitheks, Esq. E. K. AVithers, Esq.,
elected to the House of Commons from Cas
well to fill the vacancy occasioned by the res
ignation of Hon. John Kerr, took his seat on
Saturday last. Mr. AVithers is a Constitution
al Union Democrat,
Miss Ormsbee. a eitiaen of Warren, R. I., has
been deprived of sight and the power to articulate
a single word for the last fifty-five years. About
three weeks ago, as she described it, without any
extra eff rt on her part;- she begn to converse,
and now holds conversation with all who visit
her. Miss Ormsbee is now 75 years old, and be
came dumb when she was 20 years of age.
Thalberg is at Vienna, but for the last two
years has quite neglected his profession.
SATURDAY MORNING, DEC. 22, 1860,
We publish to-day from the AVilmington
Herald some very natural conclusions with re
gard to the National, defences of Charleston
harbor. The Charleston Mercury resents the
inference as malicious and springing from a
feeling of hatred and fury. South Carolina
journals are undoubtedly reaping a rich harvest
by pandering to the excitement of the times.
The Mercury feeds the agitation on this wise :
TnE n-CLLABALLOO ABOtTTHE FOKJS. The
Republican papers of the North are now exer
cising their genius and ventilating their pa
triotism by reviling Mr. Buchanan. Like frogs
in chorus, they lift up their voices and echo the
cry, that the President of the United States has
not reinforced the forts in Charleston harbor
that Mr. Buchanan is about to sacrifice the of
ficers and troops stationed here to the madness
of Carolina mobs, upon the event of secession.
In blind hatred and malice against us, and in
the intensity of their desire to abuse the Presi
dent, they lose their heads as well as their
tempers exhibiting only fury and folly.
The first gun fired upon Southern rnqn by
the United States Government in a collision of
arms, in the present temper of he South, will
sound the farewell funeral salute over the grave
of the Union, dead and buried that Union,
which, in its day, has so well served the North,
and so hampered and dwarfed the growing en
ergies of the sentimental, Union-loving South.
Mr. Buchanan has more sense than his censo-s.
He understands that he cannot better serve the
cause of disunion than by producing bloodshed.
As a Northern man, a conservative man, intent
on giving every opportunity for readjusting the
relations of the North and South, he seeks to
avoid producing a collision. The reinforce
ment of the forts at this time, and under pres
ent circumstances, means coercion war. It
would be an overt act of war which we are not
so simple as not to comprehend, and which Mr.
Buchanan is not so simple as to suppose we
would not comprehend, and act on. How it
would benefit the Union, or the North, is a
question which Black. Republican wisdom alone
can appropriately et forth. South Carolina is
so confident of her deliverance from the dan
gers of the Union, that she does not caro to
have its doom unnecessarily sealed in blood.
AVe can succeed, perhaps, without it. Mr. Bu
chanan desires to obtain every chance of sav
ing the Union, and getting South Carolina back
agpjn into the net ; therefore he is unwilling to
soal its doom in blood. Each thinks that, with
hands off it is practicable to leave matters to an
inevitable future. AVill this explanation of ours
enlighten our Abolition contemporaries V May
be so maybe not.
As to the bugaboo of mobbing the forts, and
slaying the officers and the troops, our amiable
friends need not excite their philanthopic sen
pibilities, or roll up their eyes. AVe are not a
mobocraey here, and believe in law, order, and
obedience to authority, civil and military. No
mob will attack the forts. In South Carolina
we do not act by mobs. AVe do have A'igi
lance Committees to make a summary disposi
tion of prowling incendiaries and midnight as
sassins and poisoners. The remedy is only
adequate to the criminality and the mischief.
But we do not act in masses. AVe are accus
tomed each to think and judge for himself, and
to act each on his own individual responsibili
ty, where left to do so. AVhen the State is out
of the Union ; when the fortunes are deman
ded and refused to be delivered up to those in
whom is vested the title of eminent domain,
and for whoso protection and defence alone
they were ceded and built up ; and when, the
Federal Government showing a hostile pur
pose, it shall become necessary and proper for
us to obtain possession, then it will be right
for the world and Republicanism to expect that
the State, by her authorities, will move in the
premises. 1 he people will ouey the call for;
war, and take the forts. The excitement here
is deep, calm feeling, very different from the
excitement ot anion, and
leading to different
and far greater results. This is no child's
nlay. If is not the uproar of school boys
ivr water m raise! net
J tread of Ca'sar . tov.-es crossing the Kumcon.
j For the hoary trickster and humbug, who
! hay just retired fro? a the Cabinet because war
t . . .... ... ..',. ...-i V..ntlt t inn -H- lt-iT ..!-
I "- . -
" to av, (hat his present imbecility eq'.ia
! past T rear cry to this section. i!a;i
i cany aisent '.roni the rresiucui s eon:
'; a.l'.iii.iistration might have been more
following which we most cheerfully
publish is sent by a lady friend:
X::vtii:i:N, Thursday evening, Dec. 2i
To Tim-: EuiTOK ok i'aouiiMss " JJe.tr Sir:
Thinking it probable that some of your
readers might be interested in the opinions of
the " Far South " in regard to the present as
pect of politics I subjoin the following extracts
from a letter received from a prominent South
ern gentleman, and also enclose what I think
rather a good hit on Air. Buchanan :
1 am yours, respectfully, L.
The political firmament is overcast and the
gloomy clouds which ever hang about sus-
pense and revolution are materially affecting
the spirit of all, not but that we all regard secession-its
absolutely necessary and are resolved
upon it with almost entire unanimity, yet we
nevertheless feel much sorrow in being forced
to withdraw our columns from the support of
of the fabric erected by our glorious and im
mortal ancestry. Resistance to tyranical ex
actions caused tho war of the Revolution. The
same spirit lives in the South in the hearts of
the sons and daughters of our patriotic fathers
of 'TO, a very Tvu " fear precipitancy and de
sire co-operation " as if we could be precipitate
when this alternative ot secession or- unequa
rights has been staring Southern men in the
face since the canvass ofl85G .
I wish old North Carolina, would take a bold
and decided stand at once for it is a fixed fact
that South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Missis
sippi, Florida, Louisiana and Texas will go out
of the union in less than bt) days, ntost proba
bly Arkansas also, and then what are the
States of North Carolina., A'irginia, Maryland
Tennessee and Kentucky to do ? They cannot
remain neutral ; A ill they join the Northern
Confederacy ? or attach themselves where
they belong to the family of like tastes, like
principles and kindred interests with own ?
The moral, social and political interests, as
well as the feeling of kindred must determine
which confederacy the border States will join
AVho that knows the Southern pulse can doubt
the issue I Then why do not those States act
promptly and thus give a moral force to their
attitude which they will not possess it like
laggards they stand on the threshold unti
they are driven in for protection against the
still growing aggression of their AVestern
Fanny Ellsler, A letter to the New York
Times, from Paris, contains the following :
Fanny Ellsler is now at Berlin, at the bed
side of a sick sister, wife of the son of Prince
Adelbert, of Prussia. The marriage of the
young Baron de Barnim eldest son of the
Prince Adelbert, to Mille. Therese Ellsler, sis
ter of the famous danseuse, and something of a
danseuse herself, created a great sensation at
the time ; but the union has been a happy one,
and the relatives long ago became reconciled
to the plebian intruder. From this union was
born one child, a son, whose bad health in
duced his parents to send him, some months
ago, to Lgypt, to try the effect of the climate
on his lungs. But, like Rachel, he received
no benefit, and has iust died in Nubia. The
news threw the mother on her bed, and her
sister Fanny hastened to her side to console her
in the cruel loss,
SOUTH CAROLINA POSTAL SYSTEM.
A special committee of the South Carolina Lee
islature have made a report concerning the postal
system of the States after secession. The pro
posed arrangement with Adams &. Go's Express
is declared to be inadequate to the exigencies of
the case, and therefore they submit the follow
ing: Resolved, That to avert, as far as practicable,
the commercial embarrassments that would result
from an abrupt cessation of postal arrangements
in and through this State, all the persons engaged
in the transportation and distribution of the
mails in this State be and tbey are hereby, auth
orized and requested to continue in the perform
ance of such services to the community until a
postal treaty shall have been concluded between
this State' and the government of the United
THE UNION DISSOLVED !
LA TEAND IMPORTANT FROM SO UTH
CAROLINA ! '
Fourth Day's Proceedings !
SECESSION ORDINANCE PASSED UNANI
MOUSLY! The Newa Received all orer the City with
Charleston, Dec. 20. The Convention was
opened with prayer to-day, after which the
roll was called and the journal read.
A resolution was offered, inviting the Maj-or
of Charleston to a seat on tho floor of the Con
vention. It was amended by including the
Governor of the State, the President of the
Senate and the Speaker of the House. In this
form it was passed.
The chair announced the appointment of a
. committee to draw up a summary of the causes
for the secession of North Carolina, and also
four standing committees.
Mr. Rhett offered a resolution for the ap
pointment of a Committee of Thirteen for the
purpose of providing for the assemblage of a
convention of the seceding States, and to form
a constitution. Adopted.
Mr. Ingles made a report from the committee
to prepare and draft an Ordinance proper to be
adopted by the convention. The Ordinance is
"An Ordinance to dissolve the Union be
tween the State of South Carolina and the oth
er States united with her under the compact en
titled ''The Constitution of the United States
"AVe, the people of the State of South Caro
lina, in Convention assembled, do declare and
ordain, and it is hereby declared and ordained,
that the Ordinance adopted by us in conven
tion, on the 23d day of May, in the year of our
Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty
eight, whereby the Constitution of the United
States of America was ratified; and also all
acts and parts of acts of the General Assembly
of this State and amendments of the said Con
stitution, are hereby repealed, and that the
Union now subsisting between South Carolina
and the other States, under the name of the
United States of America, is hereby dissolved."
PASSAGE OF THE ORDINANCE.
. The Ordinance was taken up and passed by
a unanimous vote of 109 all the members vot
ing. Tha passage took place at precisely a quar
ter past one o'clock, p. in.
As soou as the passage of the Ordinance
was known outside the doors of the Convention,
the tidings spread rapidly all over the city, and
a great crowd collected in the vicinity of Seces
sion Hall. Immense cheering ensued.
Mr. Miles moved that the clerk telegraph
to members of Congress at AVashington, that
the Ordinance had passed, and the motion was
Mr. Dessaure offered the following :
Resolreit, That the Secession Ordinance be
engrossed on parchment under the direction of
the Attorney General, and signed by the Presi
dent and members this evening at Institute
Hall, and that it be placed among the archives 1
of the State.
Half-past 0 o'clock was agreed upon as the
hour to proceed to Institute Hall, for the pur
pose of signing the document. j
Mr. Magrath said: I think the special mat- j
ter of the Ordinance should be immediately ;
considered. According to my understanding,
there is no Collector of a port, nor is there a
Postmaster in South Carolina. What you
have done to-day, has extinguished the authori
ty of ever3r man in South Carolina deriving his
authority from the Geneval Govcrnimnt. I
am in favor of this body making such provis
ional arrangements as may be necessary in the
interval which will exist between this movement
and the time at which the Legislature may m;L j
I am not, however, to be implicated as sanction- I
ing the idea that there is no lawful authority j
within the limits of the State except that of the I
Mr. Gregg, of Richland, said: After Sourh
-a5'iina nas aorogaicu rne constuutjon ot tue
l. nited States, arc its laws still ot fore- ? I !
think not. .Ml laws of Congress fall i:.t.:iT 1
to the ground on tho passage of the act oi
Mr. Cheeves : An immense rhastn has btvi: i
ai-y to avoiil
we must i hen -;uents
eonvenienee to the peopl", and
fore, make temporary arrange
ir.g on the. government.
M: t.iivrir: there l.
( ';il oliua.
have now acconmiised thewor!
every son of Carolina has been la- !
boring for foi tv years.
! Air. Ilavne The Congress of the
States is no longer our tiov eminent.
i be for onr Legislature to say what laws of the !
; Cnited States shall be continued, and wha j
! not. The simple act of Secesssion does not j
abrogate all laws. AVe have a great many f
j laws on the statute lxoks, which were passed j
i by the (tovernor and Privy Council.
I Air. Gregg The Congressional laws for the
, collection of revenue are for tho support of the
Federal Government at Washington ; and all
postollice laws fall on our dissolution with that
Mr. Alilcs : AVe have to deal with siem faith
and realties, and must prevent confusion, an
archy and derangement of our Government af
fairs. Things must, for the present remain in
statu quo, or great confusion will arise.
Air. llaj-ne deemed sudden action injurious.
Mr. Chesnut : There are two questions in
volved, viz : power and duty. Wc must pre
serve our people, not only from inconveniences,
but a chaotic condition. AAre must revivify
such laws as will best preserve us from such
calamities. As to duty I ask, will you send
the ship of State adrift, regardless of what be
comes of the officers ?
Mr. Mazyck : There is no duty for the Col
lector of the Port to do. The postoffice should
be swept off. My opinion is, that the present
system of postal arragements- is a nuisance.
The public are better served by private ptrties.
Between cities like Philadelphia and New
York, the postage should be one cent instead
of three. Less important places it should be
ten or more.
Mr. Calhoun : AVe have pulled down a tem
ple which has been built for three-quarters of
a century, We must now clear away the rub'
bish, and reconstruct another. AVe are now
houseless and homeless, and we must seoure
ourselves from approaching storm.
Mr. Duncan: If the Ordinance be passed
things will go on in the Custom House and
Postoffice exactjy as now, until other arrange
ments arc made by this Convention, There is
nothing in the Ordinance to affect the dignity,
honor and welfare of the State of South Caroli
na. We must keep the wheels of government
Mr. AYithers ? The Constitution of the Uni
ted States is not entirely abrogated by the Or
dinance, What is a legal tender in the pay
ment of debts? Is it not gold and silver coin
of the United States ? In the case of oletring
our entry of vessels, we are very likely to have
the same confiscated.
Air, Carrol : The present revenue offices1,
if filled, would be continued until the act of the
Legisiature authorized otherwise.
Mr, Brown : There's no longer any commu
nication with the Government, from which we
are just separated.
Mr. Duncan : The spirit of the Ordinance
must be viewed temporarily until we treat
with the General Government.
Mr, Gregg The President of the United
States has thrown down the gauntlet in the
message. He has said that it is his duty to
collect revenue, and he wili do it. Un one
side the Federal Government claims rights, and
declares its intention to exercise the power of
collecting revenue in our ports. On the other
side, we have decided that we are free. I de
sire no compromise. If it be necessary to
maintain 15 to 30 percent., the duties imposed
by the Congress of the United States should
contmue to be levied ; otherwise the people
will suffer a terrible calamity. As for carry-
the mails, let the President's contracts be asT
sumed by South Carolina instead of the United
Mr. Rhett: This creat revalntion must, go on
with as little daneer as possible to tho country.
By making the Federal Agent ours, the machine
ry will move on. The federal laws in regard to
taxation mast not exist over us. Wo are now
contending for the great principle of taxation. " I
trust that the present system of taxation has fal
len forever. -
Mr. Barnwell : We have seceded from the Uni
ted States; established our independence and we
cannot allow the United -
veniences be sacrifiH it 'rr 1 ino ZltBl '
er was anything parchi A Dere nev'
Mr.Mazyck: I regard that ti,. -i a
other restrictions must be remoSrf m?llnd nU
point our own officers. ATe must h'Mi -fif Ire
faculties as they come. battle Wlth dlf'
' A RECESS.
The hour of 3.40 p. m. having arrived th pnn
vention took a recess to meet at In.titute HaU at
half-past six o'clock, for the purpose of 8in ul
the Ordinance. " fa
As the Convention was leaving St. Andrew's
Hall, tho chimes of St Michael's (Episcopal)
Church pealed forth Auld Lang Syne. Days of
Absence, Sons of Freedom Awake, and other
pleasant airs. Yankee Doodle, Hail Columbia,
&c , were ignored.
The following which we take from the Charles
ton Courier and which the editors of that paper say
they " publish at the request of many friends as a
fair specimen of N ero fiddling;' has more sound
sense in it than all the long and bombastic speech
es of their fiery orators :
FROM ONK )F HER SISTERS.
Sister Carri, my dear,
I am sorry to hear
That you are intending to leave us ;
They say it's a fact
That your trunk is all packed.
And you hope by such conduct to erieve us
You have always been naughty,
And willful and haughty,
Like a spoiled minx as you are ;
So vain of your beauty,
Forgetful of duty
You owe to your indulgent papa.
I am sure you can't say
You've not had your way
In each of onr family broils ;
AVhile I vow and declare
You've had your full share
In each of the National spoils.
Just wait for a season
And listen to reason,
Nor believo whnt your false lovers say ;
For ti.oir prayers and their sighs,
And iheir flattering lies,
AVill lead y ou to ruin some day.
Though they promise so tair,
Gay deceivers they are,
From the one whom last evening you kissed,
To UamjioNI) and Rhett
And chivalrous Keitt,
Ork, Me5iminueu.Pick.eks and Gmi:
Some day, all forlorn,
Bedraggled and torn.
Like the prodigal son in his need.
You will knock at th door.
And come home once more,
S&r venture again to secede.
Now be waradefy oar fate
Before it's too late ;
Like a dear little innocent lamb,
Come out of your pet,
And do not forget
All the kindness of good Uncle Sam.
The Palmetto tree
No shelter -m'3i be
When the dark clouds of anarchy lowei
You will long for the rest
Of your own Eagle's nest.
And the strong ami of Federal pawer.
Then, dear little Sis,
Now give ue u kiss,
v ii) '.lies - family jflr;
oj. : - i. '
h- r '21, 'lsr.o.
i-t Slight lift ween
a resident of thi
:M IV.VHH'l GHXlwijl.
i-vk.- fasf a boarder
e':. ft tf'.n-v bad
! at tlie above nnue l If
an aitevc;.! ;.. .
son with a W!l
ie.i .!: ' ., ? tl'vi-ii hi Water's
: h:s ! v -hi strnrk Tfiomp
Aiier -iipr-r thty met airam
in tK lif!r.nal;r 1 1
j: ttoieL wtien ihoiiipson
caught ui a laruv
uavv glass from the eouo-
ter ana burled it
or.'.hvin. The glas struek
head, and Liokc into at
oms, mulcting n:s severe wounds, la an
instant Goodwr i;.cv a bowk -knife-, snd with
one stroke disabled the left arm of his oppo
nent by cutting '! trough the muscular part ot"
the arm near the shoulder. 'The parties wen
then Heperatcd. l)r. i avis dressed the wora"
You s. &c, LENOX.
A I;irio-.ic oscr sohi Kentucky.
We find in the Kentucky journals an aile and
patriotic letter from tli3 pen of the Hon. Georuk
Robertson, f Lt-sine-Jon, in that State, address
ed to a committee of gentlenieB who had request
ed him to attc nd and address the Union meeting:
held in Louisv ill; on the evening of the S!th ul
timo Prom this letter we cite the following ex
tract in r'-latinu to the mission of Kentucky in tho
" Let her act as a mediator between the North;
and the South, arid, throwing one arm around her
Northf-rn and tic other around her Southern sis
ters, let mlrjuor, by affectionate remon
straneo ai.J pm 'tur counsel, to draw their hea'ts
together on:-e me'.o around the altar of the Union.
She criTino' afford to givt; op the Union or desert
its cause he cannot yet abandon the priuci
ples w hie h Lave illustrated her name. She can
not be untrue to h paramount interest and sa
cred duty, nor unmindful of the memories of tho
past, nor heedless of the richer blessings of tho
future under the auspices of an unbroken Union.
And were I permitted to speak for her, I would
say to the North, Repeal your offensive liberty
acts, stand by your compromises, cease to threaten
interdiction of slavery in the Territories faithfully
and fraternally try to rebuke the abduction of
onr slaves ;' and to the South I would say.
' Stand by your compromises, make no more
threats of secession, and do not longer suffer de
magogues to disturb your peace or precipitate
you into a fatal movement. If you make it
caunot go with you; if you will forbear I will stand
by you and vindicate our common rights, by all
prudent and constitutional means, to the last; and
we will sink or swim together in the ark of tho
Union. But if you desert me, and every other
Southern State shah fol-ow in your wake, I will
go neither Nprth or South, but, then consider
ing the Union as hopeless without my fault, I
Will stand a lope 6tar in the American firmament
uneclipsed by rebellion, undiiuued by dishonor,
and my fixed and still effulgent orb shall bo
styled the Kejtullic of Kentucky 1 " .
View f (he Governor of I,oniiann.
Governor Moore, of Louisiana, in hjs recent
message to the Legislature pi that State, re
commends a conference or conyention of tho
slaveholding States, but secession at U
hazards before Lincoln's inauguration, and
"It mav be said that when this Union was.
formed it' was intended to be perpetual. So
. . m m.
it was, so far as such a term can be applied to.
anything human ; but it was also intended to
be. administered in the same spirit in which it
was made, with a scrupulous regard tq tho
equality of tho sovereignties composing it.
AVe certainly are nqt placed in the position of
subjects of a European despotism, whoso only
door of escape from tyranny is the right of rev
c'ution. I maintain the riffht of. eaoh State
to secede from tjt'e Unionx and therefore what
ever course Louisiana may pursue now, if any
attempt should be made by the Federal Gov
ernment to coerce a sovereign State and com
pel her submission to an authority which sho
has ceased to recognize, I should unhesitating
ly recommend that Louisiana assist her sister.
State withthe same alacrity and courage that
the colonies assisted each other in their strug
gle aganst the despotism of the Old World.";
THE SMALL-POX STILL SPREADING IN
. COLUMBIA. , .
Columbia, Dec. 20. Thero , are.; eleven new
casea of smalpos here to day. ; : -