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Spirit of the age. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1849-1865, November 24, 1862, Image 2

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the State to clotte tr.d tloe her troor.s com
fortably, and could have furnisdied to tbe
Confederal Sutes all that was to be had
anyhow at reasonable rates. But it was i in
nediatcly violatod. The country, was soon,
and ia still, swarming with agents of the
Confederate Government, stripping bare our
markets and putting enormous prices upon
our agents. This is especially the case in re
gard to shoes and leather. The consequence
has been our troops could get only half sup
plies from home, and nothing at 'all from the
Confederate Government, because of our
agreement to furnish them ourselves. When
a large portion of our army this fall by the
accidents of battlo and other causes lost
their baggage, it was found impossible at
once to replace it. Sorely pressed as to the
bett course to be pursued, I published an
appeal to our people in behalf of their broth
ers in the 6eld, and employed the militia of
ficers fur tbe collection of articles donted or
sold ; and though the response has been at
once gratifying and patriotic yet it is neces
sarily slow and uncertain; and I regret to
say that the heroes of Boonsboro Slnrps
burg and other glorious fields, have suffered
and are still suffering greatly for the want of
shoes and clothing. Every possible exer
tion has been - made for their relief; but
while the aeents of the Confederacy are al
lowed to compete with ours, and speculators
are allowed to carry our leather beyond our
borders, it will be impo.s.ble to supply them.
I earnestly recommend an embargo upon
this article as before mentioned. I am gratified
that I am able to state that the prospect of
obtaining co'ton cloths at reasonable rates,
is better than it has been. The stockholders ,
of the Rockfish manufacturing company,
'onewof the largest anl most enterprising in
the State, have agreed to sell all their produc
tions at 75 per cent upon-cost, the rateallow
ed by the exemption bill, which" will reduce
the price about one half ; and some seven or
eight other companies have intimated an in
tention of following their' praiseworthy ex
ample. We may reasonably hope that4most of
the other mills in the State can be induced,
to do likewise. The wolen factories seem
more incorrigible. Some of them when asked
to furnish their goods at 75 per cent declined
entirely, and others agree to do so fixing
enormous profits on the cost of the raw
material and then adding the 75 per cent on
the finished article, making their profits
even greater than before. It is grealy to
be regretted that the most useful and to-be-cherished
institutions should put them
selves in a position which will cause them
to be execrated by our people on the return
of peace. But as the free trade policy op
pressed them in times of peace, so they seem
determined to have no mercy upon usduiing
the existence of the war. I recommend them
to your tender mercies, gentlemen, and would
respecifu'ly suggest thrt )ou adopt suehmea
su'es as ii.ty i-ean pt&eiicable f r .securing
supplies to o'ii own citiztnn tirt; and to re
duce if .jsible the pi ire of cotton arn,
which-is so tt-sential to supplying the hand
looms .-f our fanner's wives.
In rtlatit n to ordname Moies, I will men
tion ih t nearly a eai ao, a eootraci was
made by my pudeces.-or, under ar act of tbe
Lecudut urv appropriating $10,000 for the
- avw..
lor the erection ot powder mills. The mo
ney wts expended, the mills erected and
soon afterwards blown up and destroyed.
Gov. Clark ageed to furnish them the means,
to start again ;and under a new contract they
have elected other mills and are now nearly
ready to begin operations on a scale suffi
cient to make about 4,000 pounds per week'.
This howover, involved an expenditure of
money beyond that appropriated by the act
rcferi ed to; $12,000 having been advanced
the contractors by Gov. Clark and $8,000 by
myself. .
Of these sums, the money advanced by
Gov. Clark is to be refunded in four equal
annual installments, and that by me by re
serving 10 per cent, of the payments (as they ,
become due) on powder to be furnished the
Stale. The Confederate SUtes will furnish
the mills with about 3,00(Lpound of nitre
per .week.
!T o department has contracted with man
ufacturers in the State for about S00 new ri
fles p r month, and arrangements have been
made hereby, after the 1st of January,
about 000 old rifles and muskets out of re
pair vill l- rendered fit for service. And it
is hoped the department will soon be able to
keep on 1 and a supply for five thousand men.
A detailed report of the operations of the
Adjutant Generai'a department is herewith
append d. ' -
The finances of the State will doubtless en
gage your nnxious consideration.
The Board of Claims, in pursuance of Or
dinance lo. 20, Sec. 5, passed in December,
1851, b;t . c'made a report showing the debt
of the Si: : to on the 30th Sept 1SG2, to be
$20,98301 01. sutject to be diminished by
.the amount of the sinking lund; at that
time's i .out $900,000, and the debt due the
State from the Confederate government, be
tween tiv- ind tix millions. Still the State
debt is ve y hcvy, ani the. inteiest at least
ought to be punctually paid. There are
the distinct modes of supplying the rqui
sitc sum : e no by taxation, a second bv an
the values of both taxed alike : and that the up rapidly all persons subject to military There are iconfined in Salisbury by the General Assembly,' and it will be yci duty
tax on slaves may be laid en their general
average value in the State, or on their v lu-
in classes in respect to age, sex and other gis
tinctive properties, in the discretion of the
Utneral Assembly, and the value be assess
ed in such modes as may be prescribed by
law. Now while land-;, even of the same
qualities, but situate in different places, from
their local and immovable character-are pro
perly assessed at different rates, because of
their relative proximity to markets and for
other substantial causes.; and -for such rea
sons the General Assembly itself, cm neith
er accurately value real estate, nor can do so
by any general State cSmmissioiiers, yet some
steps may be taken towards cqualiz ng the
tax on slaves, which, under the present mode
of assessments, may be, and I understand is,
various in many counties of the State, be
cause of the ditfenTit standard.-? of valuation
adapted by the owners and assessors. It is
very desirable that the tax should lc uni
form, and I suggest as the most likely mean
to accomplish that object, the propriety f
classifying slaves by their ages, or by sex
and age, and affixing two years the taxable
value of each class. In consequence of the
moveable quality of this ppeciesof property,
it is not subject to the irregularity of assess
ment, which attend land ; the value of slave
property at any one plce in the State is, fur
all practical purposes, the same as in any
other-; and it is not difficult, therefore, to
make the tax-both equal and uniform by the
classification of slaves in tha manner already
mentioned;
Under the discretionary powers vested by
the Constitution in the Legislature to ex
empt the infirm and distinguish the mechan
ic from the field laborer, it appears to me
that the legislative assessment, discreetly
made, will conduce better than the present
mode to a uniform taxation throughout the
State. Each county is interested that the
taxable value of slaves should be alike in all
the counties, and whatever tends to equalize
the tax on slaves, tends .to equalize that oh
land, inasmuch as both species of property
must be taxed alike on their respective val
ues. A precedent for this mode of taxing
slaves, however imperfect, may be found in
the legislation of 1782, ch. 8
In order to meet the interest on the pub7
lie debt, and to make up the sum due from
other counties, wkere the tax cannot be col
lected on account of the presence of the ene
my, I recommend an increase of at least
twenty-five per cent, on the present amount
ot taxation. I he great abundance of money
ana consequent hieh prices ol property
would, I think, enable the people to pay it
cheerfully. I also recommend that a tax of
twenty-nve per cent, be laid upon the nett
profits of all persons who have, during the
present year, speculated in the necessaries of
life, such as com, flour, bacon, pork, shoes,
leather, cotton cloth and yarn and woolen
goods, and to be continued during the next
year or longer, n necessary ; tne proceeds
to be' applied to the support of wives and
children or widows of soldiers whose proper
ty, as listed on the tux Viooks, shall fall bel
low a certain sum. lhis law, if properly
enforced and guaided againt false sv earing,
would be rafede to answer a valuable pur-
lects.
I am clearly of the opinion that no more
Treasury notes should be issued, if it be
possible to avoid it, as I think it would be
better to pay interest on our bends than to
further swell the volume of paper in circula
tion.
The following is a statement of the debt
of the State on the 30th dav of September.
1862: '
Bonded debt, $14,812;005 00
Temporary loans, 2,550,449 00
Ipt. unpaid on Coupon Bond debt, 432,005 45
"' " " '" Temporary loans and
Bonds -without Coupons, 5-2,S51 0G
Ana'J; Treasury notes in circulation, 3,136,550 50
Total, $20,983,361 01
Taxes'rec'd ironi per'n't sources for 1861, $734,660 10
" " ' 1862, 715,763 39
The falling off is attributable to those
j . . f
counties apa pans 01 counties in tre pos-'
session of the enetny. The deduction for i
the next year, will be greater, owing to his
advance, the destructien of property, &e
The regort of the Board of Claims on the
subject of .the finances is herewith transmit
ted. In view of the very great labor now im
posed upon the Treasury Department and
the variety of duties it embraces, I recom
mend the creation (f the office of Auditor
of Public Accounts, to continue so long as
may be deemed necessary, whoe duty it
shall be to investigate and settle all claims
against the State, &c. When the term of
the present Board of Claims shall expire," it
rill still be necessary to have some such an
office in existence during the continuance of
the war, and perhaps for many years after.
Should it not be deemed advisable to estab--lish
the office of Auditor, then I recommend
that the Board of Claims be continued, 'and
authorized to hold short sessions quarterly,
and their pay be arranged in proportion to
their labor.
I also recommend. that the Literary Board
be allowed to appoint a Treasurer, to take
! take charge of its own funds, with a salary
! to be uxed by the Board.
ftVnrUn the, sensibilities Ot
our people. But, in come int?.ncc deser
ters have set the officers at defiance, and are
enabled to evade arrest by the assistance of
Confederate authorities, a number of citizens
of North Carolina, arrested for alleged po
litical offences. How long they are to re
main incarcerated no one cao say but those
others who conceal them, feed them, and, in ; who apprehended them. naat their gurit
some cises, resist the officers in the discharge ; really consists in I do not know, but this
...... -'- 1 -.1 1 i 1
ot tneir duly. j mucn it oecomes uotn you anu ms to kruw,
As the crime of de.er-ion. so fir as Iknor, in view of the oath's we take upon entering
is not an offence agtinst the comaion Uw, so into office, that they were not arrested by
the concealing, auing, and as!sting a deser- ; lawful process, and as citizens of North Ctro-
ter to avoid recapture is not punishable in lina they are entitled under the Constitution
our court-. To' aid ttre military s authorities f to a speedy trial by a jury of tkeir peers,
in arresting such persons, I recommend that "and to be confronted with their accusers. I
anact.be passed for the punishment of any .j. hare laid their cases before his Excellency
on-, who shall aid and assist them, or in any
manner prevent their recapture: and a'so to
punish more severely the disobedience of or
ders byr the. Militia. -
I al-o becomes my' duty, gentlemen, to
bring to your attention several s?rious mat
ters connected with-The administration of
Justice in the State. .
Thrre is great danger of UwiesFriess over
running the land ; and in the great abunr
dance of mi itaiy ru'eistnd aibitrary author
ity, people are beginning to forget that there
is still such a thing in exisUnce as cwit law,
which is the tuns er f us all. Though pre
eminently a conservative and law-abiding
people, our society already oeginmng to
sufivr serious detriment from the violent and
Uw-def) iog tfndcneieff the times. Murder,
arson, disregard of obligation., oppression ana
injustice, are more common in some districts
than they have ever been known. Not long
since, as I am informed, a Confederate officer
retused to permit the execution oi a writ ot
habeas corpus within-his camp, issued by
the President of the Confederate Sutes, and
' when his reply is received you will be in
j formed thereof Should there exist any
f grave State reasons why they are denied a
; irial, it is due at least that we should be
informed of them. I have not seen an official
l copy ot the art, but lsarn from the newspapers
that Congress has conferred up'n the Presi-
dent the power to suspend the writ cf hab'ea
' corpus in all. cases of arrests made by Con
' federate authority. If this be once admitted,
. no man is safe from the power of one indi-
vidual. He could at pleasure, seize any cit
izen of the State with or without excuse,
" throw hUn into prison and .permit him to
languish theie without relief a power that
I am unwilling to see entrusted to any liviog
man. vTo submit to its exercise would in
my opinion be establishing a precedent dan
gerous and pernicious in the extreme.
Among a people so united and faithful "to
their cause as ours, where disloyalty is the
. rare and solitary exception to the general
rule, I can-see but little goad, buta vast tide
competent authonty. and drove the officer of inflowing evil from these inordinate stretch-
with denunciations and abuse from his pres- i es of military power which are fast disgrac-
T. i t.. 1 1. 1 .11 V . .1 i
ence. itsnouia be our uriae. as it is our uu t nig us euuauy wun our isortnern enemies.
A free Republic that must needs cast off its
freedom in every time of trouble will soon
ty and safety, to shoflr- our enemies abroad
and our lan-breakers at home, that the same
glorious old common law which our fathers
honored and observed, in the midit of suffer
ing and calamity, istill moving on with
power and majesty, strengthening, protect
ing and sustaining ouiypeople, as it ever wid
strengthen and sustain those who respct it.
The General Assembly, at its last aession, j ing residence among us; our delight in times
actuated, no doubt, by the most patriotic mo- of peace and prosperity, and our guide and
cast it off forever. Freedom cannot be em
braced to-diy and spurned tomorrow:
steadfast and constant vrorship can alone se
cure us her countless blessings. Her chosen
instruments the Constitution and the laws
weie made the sure covenant of her everlast
tives, passed an act impending the regular
sessions f the Supreme and Superior Courts
of Law and Equity. This act, considered by
many unconstitutionalwas, in my judgment,
to say the least of it, TJfiwise in some of its
provisions. That some remedy ought to have
been provided protect property generally
from sacrifice, and particularly the property
of our brave soldiers who had left their
hemes and business for our defence, (if in
deed an enlightened and, patriotic public opin
ion had not already guaranteed that protec
tion,) no one will question, and to this ex -
tent meets my approval But the L-ourts
themselves should be opened and the foun
tains of justice unsealed. 1 he criminal law
especially should be dWigently administered,
for it has been wisely 'said that "the com
mission of crime is prevented more by the
certainty than the severity of its punish
ment." Again, persons charged with crime
and confined in prison, even if unlawfully
convicted, cannot -have their cases reviewed
in a cofc of highev. jurisdiction for many
ite-eff-montns. thusvioiaiin?a.m !cre4 proyision
in our Declaration of 'Rifhts, which' says
that every freeman restrained of his liberty
is entitled to a remedy to ipquire into the
lawfulness thereof, and to remove the same
if unlawful, and that such remedy ought not
shield in the day ol trouble and calamity.
Now, is the time if ever when we should
abide strictly by their stern decrees, and
walk, uprightly in the narrow path they hare
marked out lor our footsttps. We should
least of all, forsake the helm and the com
pass when the vessel is driven by the tem
pest, and 'clouds and darkness obscure the
way. .
f Deeply impressed as I have been with the
imnnrfonno rf V.c r . 1 V- . . T k.irn lAitn
luipui idiivc ui lino cuujAi, . ii(c uctu aii
iOUS at the same time to avoid any unneces
sary conflict wjth the Confederate authori
ties. I have, therefore, waited patiently for
your assembling, confident that you would
take proper steps to maintain the laws and
preserve the rights of our people. -
It becomes my duty also, to call your at -tention
to the subject of officering oar troops
in the field some conflict of opinion existing
in regard thereto.
The right of the State authorities to com
mission the officers of the regiments original
ly raised for the war, is not doubted. It ia
conceded by the Act of Congress of April
16th, 1862, known as the Conscript Liw.
But the Confederate authorities claim the
right to commission the regiments of twelve
months' men, continued in service by this
law, and also all regiments whatsoever, raised
Jo be denied or delayed." I therefore recom- j since it went into operation. And in both
lhK dnt.v at
additional Wuc of treasury notes, and a third j present rests on the State Treasurer, and the
by gtttin- fiOm the Confederate Government : lw requires him to keep the fund, and evi-
tne sum Hut the State, lndeea this sum,
when received, ought to be applied forthwith
to the extinguishment of the debt of the
State, as far as it will go; for it constitutes
a part of ti e capital of the State debt, and
ought to be .ippiicd, when returned, towards
the extinction of that amount of its capital.
Upon correct piinciples therefore of financial
econoni', the debt ought not to be allowed to
grow any larger, if practicable to preveift it.
And iftbt payment of the entire amount ofr
interest carrot he provided for by taxation, as
much at li ..t.s possi hie, ought tobe so raised. '
In regard to ihf sultctof taxation,interesting
at all limes, t i d rendered doubly so at this
even'fifl crista, I-have but few remarks to
Thei e has boeft such a . disturbance
I l A L .11111 . L I . I till II I V
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. a Vv' '. jh ouv iu.vu h-.cn
maue.
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dances of debt, &c, separate and apart from
' any other funds in his hands." The duty
I could much more conveniently and effectual
ly be performed by the Board's own officers.
; When the amount of this fund is consideied,
(he annual disbursements being double that
of the whole State Government two years
i ago,) with the further fact that twice a reas
onable salary of a Treasurer has been lost
annually for want of some competent and
proper officer to look after and collect the
debts of tbe Board, I feel assured that the
adoption of the suggestion would be of ma
terial advantage to its interests.
1 beg leave to make ceitam suggestions
in regard to militia and to aiding the Confed
erate authorities in enforcing their efforts to
maintain tne efficiency of our armies.
lhe ordinary penalties prescribed br our
wUi;:a laws -or the " punishment f offences,
dUoo.; ier.ee oi-urcvr;, Lpeed tt ?ica-e
v.cit- fre fora-I no'.r crtinJv ma'l. nn ito -
- , . . i
!:.-;..) :t I m t: ? our s:UZii
S'jgre?lle
mend that the regular sessions of the Su
preme and Superior Courts be restored.
I am also convinced that whilst tbe sol
dier in the field should have his property
protected from seizure under execution, there
exists no valid reason why, in the great plen
teousnessof money, and the high prices of
property, nny man should desire to be excus
ed from paying his debts. I think it proba
ble, that it might also exert a favorable in
fluence on prices, if man were compelled to
part with their surplus property to satisfy
their creditors
In this connection permit me to respect
fully recommend that our present circuits be
re-arranged, adding at least one additional
circuit and another Judge thereof. The ne
cessity for this change wil be apparent from
the following consideritions :
Some of the circuits embrace an extended
srrea cf territory with a Urge amount of bu
siness. The seventh eircuit comprises eigh
teen ounties, others riore than twelve, ard
to some, two weeks are allotted. According
to existing statutes, the Judges are allowed
an annual salary of nineteen hundred and
fifty dollars, with the proviso "that in all
cases where a circuit of the Superior Courts
shall exceed twelve weeks,. the Judges hold
ing said Courts at any regular term shall be
entitled to a compensation of ninety dollars
for the Court of each county exceeding twelve
held by them, to be "paid by the public treas
urer on the first days qi January and July
IT.- ,1-1 .
m addition to tneir; salary aioresaid, and
each week in which ai Court shall be held,
shall be considered a tterm." Special terms
of the Superior Courts are also held, and for
his service a compensation of ninety dollars
is given to be paid by the county in which
the Court is held. Upon examination it
will be found that the, amounts thus paid for
additional and extra Courts exceed the salary
ITT .
ot a single juagc. i
The fourth section cf the 102d chapter of
th Revised Codg provides that "every judge
shall produce a certificate of the Clerk of each
county of his having- "held the Court of the
county according to law ; and for everysuch
certificate omitted to be produced, there
snail oe a deduction irom his salary of one
hundred dollars. Portions of certain chcuits
are occupied by the enemy, and it is impos- A
M 1 .1 t r -
sioie tor tne Judges to procure the required
certificates. It may be necessary, therefore
to modify this provision to have effect only
pending the war. "
The Hon. Thomas Ruffin, Jr., residing in
the fourth judicial circuit, having resigned
his place as one of the judges of the Superior
Courts of law and equity, my immediate pre
decessor, with the advice of the Council of
State, tilled said vaeipcy by granting a tem
porary exmimisicto t'J the Hon. John Kerr
o: Caswell, which wid exph at the 'end of
ju:,V pvent session.'. It i., your duly to fill
n,i. V;, Jilt v r-c w
to provide for filling the vacarTcy.
I take great p'evsure in informing you that
the educational interests of the country have
not been overlooked since the commence
ment of my administration. Owirvj; to the
great drain upon the Treasury during the
first year of. the war, the Literary Botrd
deemed it advisable to make only half the
um.il semi-annual distribution of the eom- -mon
school fund for the fall of 1831, .and
none at all for the spring cf 1852. Fealing
that this pressure had passed array, and that
the matter was one of great importance to
oufpeop'e, the Board, at its recent meeting.
ordered the usual distribution to be rade.
increased by ten thousand dollars from the
sum due for the bick distribution, and re
ived to add that amount each spring a.u
fall, until the whole shall ruve been appro
priated. There b5 been soeae disposition
manifested to Uke this funl f.r war purpo
ses. Should there really exi.-t a feiious de
sign on the part cf anv One to do thij. which
I hardly think probably I earnestly hope you
will promptly defeat it This small sum
could add but little to the vast amount
required to conduct the war, and its abstrac
tion would be an absolute robbery of the
poor children of th cate. On the contra
ry, it should be yo"r d-ity to carefully pre
serve and if pos-iole intense thi fund, make
provision fr it.- regular d ri'.r'buiion, and do
everything in your powtr to edticate.the ris
ing youth of the country. AYhile war ij des
olating our cjast ind the tide of revolution '
is flowing all around us, let the young chil
dren of the State be still assembled i:i their
log houses and primitive academirs, ia the
mountain." and on the plains, anil let their
first lesson be to read ot our great struggle
for citril and religious liberty of the -,,noi-ism
and sacrifice of our people, an J the clo-
-rious bravery of the:r fathers and brothers
upon the bloodstained fields of the South.
It is of the very highest im-vntancc tint tho
war should not carry away everything useful
and civilized in the hnd, and cause our chil
dren to grow up in iguorance and crime. No
one has been more impressed with the im -portance
of this matter than the able and
worthy superintendent of common schools,
who has labored faithfullly and diligently in
behalf of his little charges, and has suf
fered no excitement, or misfortune to turn
him from the path of duty. To h'.m, in a
great measure, is due the keeping alive of
the intereats of the people in the well eloing
of the schools during these times of trouble!
Our time-honored old University, though
thinned, as have been our male schools eve
rywhere by the patriotism of the boys who
have rushed to fill up bur arnves, is-s'ill in
full operation, the President and Faculty
having bravely re-olved to hold their posi
tion as long a they have a squad to muster.
The female school of the State are general
ly as flourishing as in times of peace.
Both of the Asylums in this eity are pros
pering undr the present efficient manage
ment a greet charity to our people and a
credit to the State.
Of our internal improvement system, I
deem it unnecessary to make any mention.
Since my introduction to office, I have re
ceived no official reports or information as to
the conditon or wants of any of the public
works requiring legislative actioi. Should
k: .fit:. . t ..
wjr luiiig ui uus rucure oe Drought to my
attention, I sh:dl lay it before you in a special
message.
In addition to' the matters herin brought
to your attention, there are ssveral of an iin
po tant nature about which it is not deemed
prudent to speak pub!icly,but which I will take
pleasure in explaining, or discussing verbally,
with you when desireei Many others 1 have
doubtless overlooked for which, as well as
for the hasty preparation and disconnected
form of this instrument, I beg that my recent
inaguration into office, and the mtny heavy
drafts upon my time, may be considered aq
ap dogy. -
In conclusion, gentlemen, allow me to urge
npon you the vital importance of bringing
lortn an tne powers a.i i resources of the State
for the common defence of our country and
oar cause. lhe two trreat d.inru if diw
to meet will be f.mnd conner.twl wiili nnr
cases, they have claimed to commission and
appoint all regimental staff officers, even
when they conceded to the Executive of the
State the appointment of the officers of the
line. Again, while appointing and commis
sioning field officers, the Secretary of War
has declined to appoint the company officers.
To remedy, if possible, this confusion and to
avoid conflict, I called in person to see the
President, who promised to take the opinion
of life Attorney General on the subiect at
length. I have not yet had the pleasure of
. i
j seeing that opinion, and now lay the mat
j er before you, and recommend you to take
, such steps as will preserve the rights and
honor of the State. It may well be doubted
ii uic omuenng or tne wnoie ot our troops currency and supphes for our annv. Men
uura nut ui;iou ejuausiveiy to aiate aumori- enough to protect us inJ drive bacV the. in-
ty, as by strict relerenee to the Constitution vader, we can always get, if we cui pronerlv
uiey may uc iouuu eo oe in point ot law, ciotne and iced them. L.et us do this and
militia. It is mortityinsr to find entire hrit-- nreservo rnr nin.r fr .m !fnrr,irt. on1 oil
u O ir v- X r ..i.&vyii 441Vt Mi
ades ol JNorth Carolina soldiers in the field
commanded by strangers, and, in many ca
ses, our own brave and war-worn Colonels
are made t give placa to Colonels from dis
tant States, who are promoted to the com
mand ot Aorth Carolina troops over their
he ids to vacant Bniradiershio3. Some of
these promotions arc charged to North Caro
lina, which enables the authorite tn av
that we have hail so manv appointment.
when in fact we have not, the appointees n t
oe:ng citizens ot our State. This is fast
breaking down the pride and pstience of our
omcers, many oi wnom are reporting to me
their intention to resign, alletrine that the
road to honorable promotion is almost clos
ed to our citizens. This is not right, and
forms a just cause of complaint both in our
army and with our peeple at home. We
are willing that our soldiers should follow
any tjeneral capable of leading them, but we
will be well. In our intercourse with the
authorises of our young Confederacy, bavins
demanded firmly the rihts which ara due
our State, let us viel I them no frrudTinn-
support, but in all t'nings pertaining w the
general weal, sustain and strenthem them
wun our whole hearts. And in all our offi
cial acts let us reinem'jer, that it is the sjnrit
oj tne people which tyrants cannot subdue.
On this depeads all. Sj long as they con
tinue harmonious, willing, self-scrificing,
the united armies of this continent may be
1 15 - -.1 "
nurieu against us in vain; wun sucn a coun
try and such a people we might set them at
defiance. Our heroic soldiers, shiverini? in
their rags and plashing with their naked
feet through the s lows, have already, cvci
tnrougn ipe chromclr-s M our toes, exci t
the wondering admire - of tho world, .
great" Qpne.rals and Or...-; people beyond. .
distant waters of the set shn-l nl.-it ui .
contend that as a matter of sheer justice, our astonishment at the feats of f.eemen s'.ru '-
nuiuicio mc cuuuuu to receive ineir ,nr nro. cyiiftw nr eiior M r ia r.o r.i..
portion ot the honors won bv their -aHantrv nnt Uv voai ort A',;, ft., iV. t
an endurance. I trpnpr.il tmnri eVrr fr tVn .w,rl.l .f .....
I would also recommend that the existing
proiuuiuon again1 1 tne distillation ot spirits
w u auamuaui -lam ue cununaea aunrn
fit war. There is no grain to spare for such
p. roses ana an the medical needs of the
worthy to presile over these gilhnt and
patriotic men.
. Many of tbe matters to ivhioh I hive calV
ed yur attention, if d-ne at all, require to
be done promptly. This is especially the
lite
SJHpS.
A 1 'OH
count) t
esv-u-.
ieav;
to
vs
i
';! htt purpf'Si-.
admua
siuii be taxtd according to their value, and
biy,
ti.j.-
In tr-
:entee f
4iu
m tr.e ftrt;
to f ! y Ire .Vi' U
neril, it has ariswerc.i
dis-
ls
W
ancy peniiai
At'-!
the
ie::K.nts e r.t.
country and army can be abundantly supplied case m regard to the raising of trcops for?
by the liquors made from the fruit crop. 1 State defense, and to laying an embargo up-f
Should tven the supply for the army fail it I on tns necessaries of life referred to
cannot be doubted that it is much better for Remember listly, that you are laboring
tne soldiers to go without sirits than tha.- Ior inc very salvation ot our people. The
his wife and child should be without bread. mtter taat our captured cries and dis-
1 als recommend that a law be passed pro- lrlcts liave 1aa to drink, shows us, alas I
viding for a rigid punishment of all persona t0 plainly, the mercy we are to expect if
who may be convicted of speculating in any I our abolition foes shall overcome us. In the
of the necessaries of life, under the false nre- bitterness of their bafflid rage they have
icucw vi ueing government agents. .
In order to keep-the highways of tbe coun
try injbetter condition, they havine since the
he.clfice of
vuvattd b
j piayeel great zeal and efficiency in gatherin
-ey General has been
rfnr I'-c-jmbeiif, llor.
the anuv and accot-
!...!..''..
K m Cilice un'.ei tf& eomatcruie feiauTj- '
There are also Sohitors to be elected lor
several of the circuit
commencement oi the vriir w-en isc-rmittd tn
i -
get in very l:.id.rrj:tir, I re-omr:itad lhat the
Jtcviscil Code be so amepde-1 that t::e age, to
be reacht 't to entil'e man to exemp-ion
from woikiug n the roa1, ahali.be titty
years instead tf forty .avsT as now. . ,
The term of the lion. George Davis, Con-
ieaerate states' Senator trom H. U.. will ex
pire before th. next regular session of the
even shown a ut- rmmation to re enact the
horrors of Saint Domingo and to let loose th
hellish p-ssi.n3 of servile insurrection to
revel in tbs isolation of our homes.. The
psple of iuc hext gentrt:.r.i wiii bless the
metaory of tuue who, vy'ueli.er in lhe
field or council, helped to rcscuo (heir coun
try from thwa horrors. Let us labor to de
serve their praUe, and may the lliessing of
God attend .our soldiers and our sUtesintn,
who are struggling to dfend a noble people
and a noble cause. Z. B. VANCE.
Lxecutive Department, Noy. 17th, 1662

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