OCR Interpretation


Spirit of the age. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1849-1865, July 27, 1863, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library, Chapel Hill, NC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026561/1863-07-27/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

Bp ft H
u& J . til dala .& tli ' Jk
Vol. XIY.
Ral eigli, oST. C, Jn's S7, IB 6 3.
7
discorery of himself, so ha Tcsolved to'4:
lis titf." Soon after this,-a couple of Y.m
Wcc soldiers came under the trecVith their
, .
From tho Magnolia "Weekly. .
THE OLD SCOUT,
OR,
BCN PHELPS' ADVENTURE IN THE
YANKEE LINES.
. Those who scrvpd under General 3dagru
dcr in the Peninsula Campaign, will' not fail
to reihcnbcr old Hen Phelps (ho Scout.
Old Ben was a native and'resident of Hamp
ton and no man was ever more attacked to,
or prouder cf his birth-place, than he was of
hu-i. When General Magruder gave the .or
der to bum the town, he was among the first
to. obey it, paying that he preferred seeing it
in ruins, to beholding it in po-csion of the
Yankees. But in his heart, Old Ben swore a
!cep and mighty oath : - Tnat he would nev
er p.pfiro a Yankee, while the war lasted. lie
was constantly on the alert, and in the ca
paoity of Scout, rendered invaluable assist
lance to General Magruder. He knew every
inch, of ground from 'Williamsburg to Old
Po!ut, and all the by-paths and short cuts
ere an familbr to birr, as tin streets of.
Hampton, lie was yery quiet, also, lie nev
er boasted of his exploits, but no man ever
performed mote service than he did. Neatly
every morning, wo would sec him leavo camp
on his horse, and move cut slowly in tho di
xvciioii of Ilamptan, and about sunset he
would return, usually with an extra rifie or
two, thrown across his horse, in front of him,
andJaden with various kinds of plunder. In
answer to our inquiries, as to what he had
seen and done, he would simply reply, that
ho had been 44 Yankee hunting." am had
met with very good success. lie usually
rode at a very leisurely p'ce, with tbcrcins
hanging over his horse's neck, so that wkeu
;ver we saw him come into camp with the
reins in his hand, 'and riding briskly, we'
knew that something was the matter:
Whenever this was the" case he would always
seek General Magrudcr's headquarters, where
he would remain for a short time, in close
consultation with the General' and then dis
appear again, and almost immediately there
would bo a skirmish, or some movement of
R.r;rt'"riXlilnriauipt6u, and!
when I met him again in the army, he seem
ed to take a great fancy to me. YVith most
persons he was very distant and reserved,
but with mc he was more familiar. He wrould
frequently come to my tent, and sit there for
hours with me, talking of old times in Hamp- ,
ten. He would also tell mc many of his ad
ventures, which were as romantic and thrill
ing as any that I had ever heard of. One
evening he came to my tent and threw him
self down on my bed, saying that be felt-very
tired. I asked him where he had heen, for I
had not een him for two days. He smiled
and said ho had been on a 44 grand Yankee
hunt"
44 What luck had you ?" I asked.
44 Very good,", was his reply, and then he
told me what he had been doing while away.
The story, as nearly as I recollect it, is as
follows :
Two days before, he had started out on
foot for a grand scout within the Federal
line?. Our regiment was encamped at Lee's
mill, and the enemy s position was but
short distance in front of us. The army of
General McClellan held all the country be
tween Yorktown and Hampton, and such an
expedition as that upon which Ben Phelps
started, -would have been dangerous in the
extrcmo to any one but himself. But he, I
verily believe, knew every hollow tree and
hole wherein lie could hide in the neighbor
hood. After leaving our position and pass
ing our pickets, he moved cautiously towards
the Federal lines, 'frequently pausing to lis
ten for persons approaching. After procced
i" ' a short distance, he found himself directly
i:i front of a large redoubt which the enemy
vuo.vi iiicui, ituxin;r un into me
- -
Drancncs, saw he expected there were some
quirrels in the tree, and raisinghis gun,
nred it The ball passed through the sliirt
i ot
tree, an traced his st"ps rpi lly in the di
c l:a i muL In a short time he
rhelps coat, causing tho old fellow to
think that ho had choson quite a dangerous
hiding place. Ho renamed silent and mo
tionless, however, and in a few minutes the
Yankees departed During, tho afternoons, v
cral of 'them stopped under the-tree with a
long rope, for the purpose of making a swinj.
One cf them ascended the tree to within a
few feet ot Old Ben. Phelps watched his op
portunity, ana when the Yankee was leaning
very fr forward, endeavoring to fasten the
rope to a limb, he bent over and gave him a
violent push. The fellow uttered a cry of
alarm, find clutched wildly at the limb', but
in vain. With the force of a thunderbolt, he
disappeared from among the brunches of the
tree, and the next instant he was lying .,oa?
the ground, with his heck broken. All this
had happened so quickly, and Old Ben lj id
been so quiet, tnat the Yankees merely
thought that their companion ua 1 misted his
footing and fallci. They raised him quickly,
and boro him towards the redoubt. . Phelps
watched them as they moved along, and a
feeling of savage joy fiJled hi3 hert, for ho
felt that ho had paid another portion of his
debt of vengeance.
When it was dark, lie descended from tho
tree, and moved forward in the direction cf
the redoubt. He soon reached it, and uaps
ing the ditch, climbed cautiously to tho
top of the parapet, and glanced around him.
Fortunately, no one was. near. He at onco
let himself softly down to the inside of the
work; .and began to examine it. He found
that it was defended. by four guns, ttvo of
which wcrs) field pieces He always made
it a rule to go prepared for any emergency,
and upon this occasion he had provided him
self with half a dozen rat-tail files. Find
ing every thing quiet, and the men mostly
within their tents and around tho camp fires,
he stole softly to gun after gun and wraping
his hat around the stock of the gun to muf
fle the sound, drove the files successively
into the vent holes of the guns. Once ho
came very near being detected, for while he
jsra. engaged ia "fT ow of tho pi-TZrs-j
him, before he was aware of his presence.
Instantly crouching to the earth he conceal
ed himself in the shadow of the gun-carriage.
After the sentinel passed by, he left his place
of concealment, and when he had finished
spiking the guns, he" started towards the en
campment As he reached it, ha stoped in
front of a large tent, evidently that of some
General ofEcer. A light was burning in it,
he q lickui-u
ten clci.rof.ih
denly upn s
on picki I
bcia SecV, 6:
not
growth V td
there f-jLou
and gu,'Vt
their gua it
down u1
rectioa c iia i iihil in a
could se i ifigh tne gaps in the trees tie
lac (.onfri.rr:vte works, and
is pace. He had almost g t-
wood. when he cvne sud-
krty tifsix Yankees, evidently
cmild not return without
now to puss them, lie knew
town qmeuy m tne under
ratched" them. Ms remained
fnne, he raided himself on.
enemy. Thy Ivvd placed
list a tree, and were sitting
ie ground.' In an instant
'Puelps icifiicd upon, his eu'urso. Ap-
S v SI t I . . -f i
proa.'!n:u rl ::ousiy i wiunu rnngy eu nus
gun (a dv rarrelied sliot gun,) tie raised
it dciiber' f t
slov an'l VMrT
wei e us . 'vt,
Discharger.;
0!'
er, he
The -rest
once . soc
two mad.
when 01
44Surren;
to his shoulder and took
aim f t the yaukees, who
unconscious of his presence
Loth barrels, one after the oth ;
two yankees t tho earth.
2 to their feet, and two at
sfety in flight , Te ether
raovemenu towards, their guns,
Fprang forward, shouting,
you sro de4 ncn." They
glanced for a moment, and then told
him tbc Irrcndered, Ordering, them to
move.for;kv quickly, and seizing one of
their gunifJhiU own was empty homnrch
1 before him. in lew una
d our picket lines, and soOn
;ed the dam", mounted the hill,
more within our works. He
prisoners to tho oincer ot tne
onco sought Gen. Magruaer s
When he had finished hia
the General, he came, to
Ited to me his adventure in
When ho finished, he
r
A Female Spy Arrested inichiaond, Va,
For some nnuit!i3 ptst Csivs'the Richmond Sun-
day Morning Times of yesterday) it has teen r well
ascertained fact thnt there existed in our tnid&l, a
spy who enjojed frequent opportunitias ifcommani
catmg witli the enemy, and of imparting information'
if a very important chanctcr to' him. "Tlie recent
pu''lictti'n in the New York Jlerahl of letters pur
porting to be written in the South, aroused th
autUo'ifie. of- our government, and consequent.
H', orders were given to have the Confederacy, er
pecUlly tho city of Richmond, scoured from cne end
, t" ihe otie'', in search of the jEiii'ty parties Infcr
maiion reached General Winder that a lady ia thi.i
oily, Northern by birth, though the wife of a wealthy
c;0.:en of Richmond, was holding constant communi-cat-on
with the enemies of the Confederacy, by letter,
ilircugh the blockade runners. Measures e'o at
once adopted to intercept one of tHIse episilrs. Tor
! the uirpose of examining its content. Tft tigilar.t
dete-.'tives were not long in obtaining possession of
' two of these letters. One was addressed to a yomg
ed th em i m
utes lie r i
after had c
and was t'
delivered '
guerd, an.
headquart;;
business v
tenr, and r
v.nkee lirv
back oti tU ied and went to
was fj-.irly '.xausted.
A full a Imt of all his adventure would
form one tf3ie most -interesting volumes
ever publr kd, and, from them, I have, at
random srated the foregoing-
l idv in Yankeedom, but contained a letter to the
"Rev. Morg.n Dix," who is the father of the notori
ous Yankee General Dix. The other letter was ad
dresed io her sister in Cincinnati. In the letter to
her si-trr s!ie terms Gen. Moneman 44 a white-flove
gerierr.1," 'meaning that he was "too easy and timid
with the Rebels." She "bkmes him for not burning
tne residence and devastating thQ farm of the Secre
try cf wa-f Mr. Seddon, in Goochland. x
fn the letter addressed to Dix, she gives the names
cf tno Clergymen in New York and a Indy at Wash
ington, whom fihc'accuC! of being Rebel sympathis
ers, and sys she should be arrested. In the sme
letter ti'.ie speaks of the mission of the Rev, Dr. Bogo
ta Euioite savs thatthoreDort of his bavine gtn i to-
is
sleep,
for
my
the
fell
he
14
o
had constructed to protect their position. He
was now fairly within their lines, and pro
ceeding as near to tho works as he deeme4 it
prudent to venture, he slung hisgun across
his shoulder and climbed a tree. Secreting
himself among the thick branches, and part
ing tho leaves, he gazed down into the en
campment, which lay in the rear of the re
doubt. IJfusehis own expression, 44 it was
literally Hue with Yankees.'" He could seo
them moving backwards and forwards, and
sometiincs could overhear their conversation.
During the day, a party cf Engineers came
under the tree in which he was concealed
and began to discuss the propriety of having
it cut down, in order to construct a new
work in front of the redoubt it bcinr their
intention to approach the Southern position
by regular lines of parallels. He trembled
lest they should cut down the tree, and thus
take him prisoner, and it was with no slight
fcelling of relief that he4hcard them decide
to let it stand. Tho old felifcw clutched his
gun nervously, resolving that if lie were cap
tured he would fell his life dearly. He long
ed t send a ball into the party below him,
but such a course would only biing about a
and there was a guard at the entrance.
Creeping around to tho back of it, and crouch
ing in the shade, he cut ahole in tho canvass,
with his knife, and gazed into the tent
There were two persons in it. One, a young
man, in a Captain's uniform, was seated at a
table writing, while another, in tho dress of
a Brigadier General, wras sitting on a camp
stool near him, dictating. They were pre
paring a report upon a matter: of some im
portance, arid which contained information
that would be of great value to the Confede
rate commanders. Old Ben was not slow to
perceive this, and he listened attentively. In
about an hour the report was finished, and
the General proposed to the young mm, that
they should go to the tent of a Colonel,
close by, and set a drink. They went out
from the tent, leaving the report on the ta
ble. As soon as they had gotten out of hear
ing, Phelps raised the wall of canvass and
entered tht tent Taking possession of the
report, and placing it in his pocket, he began
to loo'tc around tor sometnmg else, lie louna l
the General's order took, and several official ;
papers, a sword and a pair of handsome pis
tols. 44 Conuscatinj;" these, ho left the tent
by the way m wnich ho had entered it
Moving through the camp, he soon became
acquainted with its position, and from its
size was. enabled to form some idea of the
forces occupying that portion of the line. He
was moving about all night as noiselessly
and as stealthily as a cat and by the morn
ing, was some distance in the rear of his.
hiding place of the previous dav. He at
once took to a tree again, and remained there
during the day. Everything that he saw
confirmed the fact that the enemy were pre
paring to advance their lines near to Lee's
mill. At night he decended from his perch,
and renewed his explorations, this time grad
ually nearing the Southern "lines. One of
his greatest difficulties was now to come.
It was very easy for him to enter the Fed
eral lines, but it might bo very difficult to
leave them. At daylight ho found himself
beyond tho redoubt where he had spiked tho
guns, ftni ho again betook himself to a tree
lorahelttr. When tbo sun had risen, ho
saw that the enemy had replaced the guns
he had spiked, with new pieces and had plac
ed two fctmincls over each one of them. The
old fellow chuckled delightfully at this, for
he knew they had uiccovered his work.
While the men were at .breakfast, he left the
I - Tori THE SPIRIT OF THB AGE.
IITG HOUSES. by uaus.
From the of stblature of th so broken verses,
o . r 'A .
oprin&s lae use oi raauy sau revuroj
BlirKriT- f ft jn-ospects.of fitaro.jcars,
B3T.;i " ks with rful tcrs ! - , . V
Inebriety, tfc foremost aotb ever stand,
Fostering dissipation, indigence, emjyy purses , ;
Inflicting on man tbo mot odious curses.
As from sstromboliV cratui hurlci,
The venomous lara deludes the Wirld,
Carrying in its courso unbounded sray,
Bringing huge fabrics to certain decay ;
leadeuing the eoil of the fertile plin,
Thwarts many a bosooj with torturing pain ;f
And spouting its Tenoni nfh dire intensity.
Still r lis on through vast unmonsity.
Like tho curbless stream from it wonted course'
JJurBtinj; through the levee with mighty force,
The fk'ry torrent rushes furiously down
The inhabited valleys with fearful bound ;
Widening as it flows on either sidt((
Till forming a bold; impctuoua tide,
Sweeps along with awful velocity,
Bearing on its bosom profound curiosity :
These, the' source of much human wee,
. Deleterious alike to frioad aad foe ;
Carry io oblivion both peasant smd sace,
Vanishing many players from tho transient stage;
Hero contentions, discord, strife,
Make precarious every turn of life, '
Hundreds revel here, "unheeding tho cost,
Till fortune, body, and' soul are lost.
Wisdom, power, beauty, harmony, fame,
All buried 'neatu a world of shame,
And the darkest deeds found on any page,
Whether of ancient or modem ago,
Find their origin in bold carouses, '
Coming forth from Drinking nouses.
A volcanic mountain in Italy.
tTue mind.
Chorry Iliil, N. C.
TOB THE-BrrniT OV THB AQB.
lines to tho Memory of my Hother.
BY n D .
There ia a grave I long to eee,
t And there to shed a tear
For it contains who was to me,
. Aa only mother dear.
Sbo heard her bleeding Savionr'8 call,
i
Kor aid He call ia vain
Sho put her armor on andvent
With Ilim ia licav'n to roiD.
Paid sickness with its heavy hand
Upon her did fay hold ;
The fever burned like scorching sand,
Till death released her soul.
Twas In coffin plain and neat,
My mother they did lay :
Is j wars will e'er disturb her 6leep
She-'s now no memory.
Her grare wa3 dug by christian handa,
- nd with & sexton's care,
Th y carved it out a little band
And laid my mother there..
No costly marble marks tho spot,
To toll tho pajor by,
Tiiit thcro within that narrow space
A christian mother liea.
0 ! that some kind and genet ou friend,
Althou-h unknown to me,
W.-uld see that grave, al there woald plant
n. r wiuow iree.
T would make my heart rejoice to know,
That near that sacred mound,
There i.; a mark', and when I go,
With ease it may be found.
Luropo to huv Bioles is alt iramtnon, and saw
b isioess thcio is to esert his influence in behaif of
the South. She also tells when and how Jie will re.
turn, and conjures the Yankees to arrest him by all
means, ami keep him in close confinement duiing .
the war. She also gives in the same epistlo the lo
cation of several farms on James river which si s ys
should be destroyed. Tells where the Yankees can
' mount guns to command several plantation", and ex
presses the hope that all Itebels may be ''.crushed,
out." She concludes her letter by saying, that " if
the United SUtes does not suppress the Rebellion, .
they do not merit the respect of the world."-
Immediately upon the development of thee start - v
ling disclosures, a guard was sent to tho residence
of the Rev.' Dr. Iloge, at whose house the lady was
temporarily csiding, with instructions to arrest and
pcMiy or a child was then lying in the house, awaiting
interment, Gen. Winder ordered his officers not to
break in upon the grief of the family, but to ktep a
vigilant watch over the lady, who was instructed to
consider herself under arrest.
Aft". the burial of the child, a partial examination
of the case was held before Gen. Winder. The lady
denied the authorship of the letters, but savs they
were given to a negro man to give to her for the pur
pose of having them sent North. We are informed
however, that she subsequently admitted having writ!
ten one of tue letters. She was accordingly placed
I in char go of tho Sisters at the Asylum St. FrancaU
de Sales. .
Knowing ones assert that this ladv evidentlv
Stoneman all the information which led to the raid
into Goochland and Fluvanna a short time since.
It will be seen from tho extracts from the letter
quoted above, that this young lady prays for the ar
rest of Rev. Dr. Hogc, at whose house she was an in
mate, thus betraying the confidence reposed in her by
the family of the Rev. Doctor. She remained there
under the surveillance of a policemaH,-until"it became
disagreeable to Mrs, Iloge, when she was removed to
the Catholic Asylum -named above. -.v.'-
Why this deference, this . favoritism should bo
shown to wealthy we are at a logs to conceive. Is an
enemy of our country, less an enemy because he or '
she happens to be rich in worldly goods ? If tho lady
in question is innocent of the above charges, why is
Nhcpliced ia the hands of the good sisters of charity?
If she is guilty, why is she not confined in the. place
assigned for tho reception of persons who have given"
aid and comfort to the encmic of our country's liber
lies? We ask again, why this favoritism?
FOR THE SPIRIT OF THB AGE.
A NEW B80K.
FIRST BOOK IN COMPOSITION BY L. BRANSON, A. M. .
This is the title of a small volume, jusfissued by
the Publishers, Branson, Farrar & Co., Raleigh. It3
design is to guide the mind of the child in its first
efforts in composition a very important, difficult and
delicate undertaking. Those who were compiled to
begin to compose without such .assistance, remember
well how much they needed it Mr. Branson's plan .
is good, and promises much success in' the hands of a
judicious instructor. . Tho application of the prin
ciples of grammar, given in the first part of the vol
ume, renders tho work peculiarly valuable to those
who have already studied the grammar of our lan
guage. The rules on punctuation are, in the main,
very plain and correct I invite the attention of "
Teachers to this praiseworthy home-enterorise. and
hope they will procure a copy immediately and judge
for themselves There is certainlv merit in the work
IOTA.
CnALLENGisa a Jury. An Irish Colonel of Dra
goons, prepojus to a trial in which he wis the defen
dant, was informed by his counsel, thit if there were
any of the jury to whom he hwS any persona! objec
tions, he might legally challenge them. 44 Faith, and
so I will, replied the son of Mars : 44 if they do not
bring me off handsomely, I will challenge v cry man
cf them.r

xml | txt