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Spirit of the age. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 1849-1865, July 27, 1863, Image 2

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The Hews of the Week.
The Yankee cavalry have made ajapih
raid along the line of the Wil mington and :
; t :
lIOirbAY nOBUniO, JULY 27, 1863.
. . ...
tST" We find it Impossible to ipake a support for '
our family at the present price of oar paper. No oth
er Weekly paper in the State is published, at leas
than $3 a year, we believe, and most of them at $4
and f& a year. About the last of August next a new
volume of our paper commence!, and after that time
the price of the Aoz will be $3 for a tingle copy, or
four copies for $10. All subscribers now on our books
will be furnished the paper to the end of their sub
scrlption years at the rates of $3 a year, and also air
who may subscribe between this time and the first ot
the new Vol. But after tha time, the price will be
as stated above; $3 a year for single subscribers, or
$2.60 for eluba of four subscribers (and upwards) sent
at one time. Every thing we eat, wear and nse is in
creasing in price every day. Every body else is de
manding more for their labor and what they have to
sell, and we have to pay It, or starve. We are there
ore compelled to ask more for our labor, or else
stop the paper altogether and seek some other means
of support. We intend increasing the size of our
phect at, the beginning of the new volume, if the paper
can be had. " t.
It ia said that owing to the peculiar circumstan
ces of the ease, it would now be unfair to take gold .
as a standard of value. Inasmuch as corn is the
baai8 of our -provision crop, let us try that as a
standard. When we published . our paper at $T, -we
could buy two bushels of corn for that amount.,
Our paper was therefore worth two bushels of.
torn. Two bushels of corn is now worth $15.
Our paper is therefore worth $15 by the com stan
dard. It was formerly worth one bushel of wheat.
Wheat was selling here a few weeks ago at $8.
Measured by the wheat standard, oar. paper is
worth $8. A year's subscription to our paper
would formerly buy 4 .pounds of sole leather,
whieh, at present .prices, amounts to $20. Our
paper is therefore, measured by this standard, -worth
930 per year. A year's subscription would
formerly buy four yards of jeans, or eight yards
of cotton homespun. The four yards of jeans is
worth $10, and the country homespun $16 at. this
time. According' to this standard, our paper is
now worth .ro .10 to A yer rnvnCTTp-
tion would .formerly buy oighf pounds of bacon,
which will now cost $10 or . upwards. Hence pur
paper Is worth $10 by the bacon standard. We
might go on ad infinitum, and show in every case, .
that to bring newspapers to a level with everything
else, would fix their price at from $8 to $20 per
'ew. -
Bhio. Gen. Pbttiqrbw. The bedy of this able ,
and distlnguiBhcd officer" was received in this city on
Friday last, and was interred with military ' honors.
No officer has fallen from thia State, whose loss has
occasioned more deep , heart-felt sorrow. Brig. Gen.
Pettigrew was a great and good man, and had his val
uable life been spared; he would have taken the high -est
rank among the great men of our Confederacy. -
A Vartinsburg correspondent of the " Richmond
Dispatch gives the following account of his death':
"The army finished the passage of the river about
12 o'clock Tuesday night. Eweirs corps forded at
Weldon Railroad. About 300 went to Rocky
Moant on the 19th, and burned the Railroad
bridge across Tar river, also the warehouse,
water-tank, woodshed and ticket office of
the Road, three coaches and two'box cars,
ruined one engine completely, but did not
tear up any of the track. They captured a
train on the Tarboro1 branch of the road'
containing two car loads of ammunition, and
30,000 pounds of bacon, which they destroy
ed. The passenger train had passed but
a half hour, before the. raiders appeared at
Rocky Mount. They burnt Battle's .cotton
factory, grist mill, and cotton store, ravaged
his two plantations, burned his barns, and
took his horses and mules and a good many
negroes. Among other sufferers we learn the -following
: . From Kelly Lewis they took
eighteen likely negroes ; from W. W. Parker,
they took $85,000 in money, and two horses .
and burnt his stables and buggy, besides'
money in his possession belonging to other
parties ; from Wan Pope, they took $30,000;
from Robert Watson, $1000 in gold and his
wearing apparel, &c Jn6. Tillery and others
also suffered heavy loss. - .
While this party of 300 were committing'
their acts of Vandalism at Rocky Mount, two
hundred were at Tarboro' depredating around,-
burning and stealing. A despatch from
Goldsboro says these, latter were attacked,
whipped and routed on-the evening of the
20tb, by three companies of our cavalry
about one hundred men. Major Kennedy
commanding. Near. Daniels's School House,
two and, a half miles from Tarboro', South of
Tar river, hey : left six . dead and fifteen
wounded on the field. ei?ht dead hnrsoa
. I D -
besides forty horses and accoutrements" cap
tured by our boys. Our loss three wounded,
among whom was Capt. Thompson, ball
through the wrist
The Yankees are said to have carried off
five hundred negroes, besides horses and oth
er property. They camped last night at
Grimley's Meeting House, three and a half
miles irom Snow Hill. The bridges are all
burnt Col.; Claiborne and others are on
their track. All sorts of rumors as to their
whereabouts are afloat Nothing definite
outside military circles. ; ;
A dispatch frbm.Goldsboroi dated the
-A,. m. i . - . :
ibe? balance of the summer and fall will be
nsumed in ditebingr. - '
J But little is tnld rf the whereabouts and
flyings of Gen Lee's army indeed it is im-
OTtahtthat the enemy should be kept in the
lark as', to his movemeets hence tho reti-
Vice President Stephens
The Hon. Alex H. Stephens, Vice President of the
Confederate States, spent Friday niglj in this place
on his way South. A large crowd of our citizens as
sembled in front of the Mansion House at 8 o clock
L i It f m. v- . 1 J
nce of the papers on the subject, as well as fna cauea lor a speech. Mr. Stephens appeareuauu
Private correspondents. He is safely on the sP?ke for abut a" hour imin eloquent and encour-
frirginiaside.of the Potomac, with his whole aSm5L tone. We will attempt no synopsis oi me
army, trains of every description, and the wuwuweiy 5iv u wuiuiw u a.--..-
poils -taken from the enemy. The disap- remarKs. ne commence a oy anuaing w uso iu,
ointment that prevailed tor a while because ,vu V1 juu auu x cmiajuui. - .
e did not accomplish all that the most ex- my wa mac u naa wnippeu iae u.j
own sou anu ouuimeu vast&ujjpuca ivi wu w i.v....
raagant hopes had pictured for him in his
Pennsylvania campaign, is giving way, and
the depression is followed by the old confi
t'encc, that Gen. Lee knows best and has
tfone what was for the best and if true to
Hirselves, success is certain.
and was now ready to again meet the enemy on a
new field. Whatever might be the movements and
object of Gen. Lee, he had entire confidence in mi
ability to accomplish what be undertook, for in abil
ity and intellect fie was a head and shoulders aoove
any man in iue j.an&ee army. xi cuuilucuucu vicu.
Lee for keeping his own secrets, and tola the people
not to be discouraged because they did not hear frorn"
Lee over his own signature. He would come out
all right in the end. - ,
Mr. Stephens next spoKe ot the surrender oi vicks-
burg, and said that it was not an occurrence to cause
discouragement or gloom that the loss of Vicksburg;
was not as severe a blow as the loss of Fort Pillow,
Island No. 10, or New Orleans. The Confederacy
Surrender of Vicksburg,
There are various storieaafloat concerning
e surrender of the gallant city, Vicksburg.
me assertinsr that a laree amount of wo-
ii o j a
visions were in the town and garrison, and
a i "
tftat therefore the fear of starvatidn could
have instigated the .surrender; and an had surviveQ t'he loss of tbose points, and would sur
Werence of treachery is attempted to.be Tive the loss of Vicksburg, Port Hudson and other
wn therefrom. But a correspondent ol nlaces. Suppose, said ne, we were to lose Aiooue,
T0or Vnri.' RaMu tKfi Charleston and Richmond, it would not affect the
I It (ITU t)l lUK VjUlllcuci ttj rr c VUUiu aim nuuiu
survive such losses and finally secure our independ-
e inducing cause. He says :
4 One of the most marked evidences of the
tihacy of purpose the desperation with
ich the enemy defended Vicksburg, was
efjnced in the reduced condition of the com-
irssanat of their army. The alimentary sup-
ts on hand when our. troops entered the
consisted of mule meat of an inferior
(raality, old rice, a small, quantity of corn
,1, and a scant supply ot vegetables gatb-
d within their fortifications.
w auuvc ail, iiiuugii, um icaiestbwuiLo wi
&irm was the scarcity of percussion caps,
aid- had another assault been made, the gar
rison could not have held out an hour, except
at the point of the bayonet The men in the
tiaiches skirting the city bad not when
ttly capitulated. more than an average of
tfenty-five caps each in then pouches. The
nain fear,-it seems on the part of the General
commanding, was of an assault on the Fourth,
mhvent of which no opposition worthy of
consideration could have been offered by the'
gafflson, while our own men could have
aiiianaiea toem witn a terrioio ana sangu-
may musketry fire.
Jin view of these considerations, we won
del not at t.H wisffnin nf trie rfthftl ofRfieTRin
avldtngi such disastrous results, and surren-
;ays: The enemvjiasJbe' "-r --tj.? eueijay. & wonts weTe witnin a lew leet
A , an engagement with of iVieMefenr.es of ViAkshn ft dnto
yesterday, resuUidg m their defeat ,df 5.i r
the upper ford above Wnliamtport : tae corps of Gens
a pontoon oria
to replace those destroyed oy the enemy's, cavalry the
Hill and Lone street croseed on pOntoon brfdeea abont
five mils below Wllllamsport, which had been built
week preceding at the same plac. . J oat before the
rear guard left the opposite bank, an affair occurred
which loet to the Confederacy one of its most able
and gallant officers General Pettigrew oi (North Car
olina. A body "of the enemy's cavalry hovering
around our rear, and perceiving his brigade: not ia '
line, dashed boldly in among t&emheplijg: to create
a panic. Our men turned quickly upon them, scat
Uring them like chaff before the wind i 'killing, woun
ding, and capturing nearly alt- The priseners passed
through hers to-day xx bouts to Richmond. Gen.
Pettigrew received a mortal wound in the onset.
Ills Adjutant General was also mortally woundtd ia
the same affair, and died here this morning." -
jgHy The Wilmington Journal learns from un
questionable authority, thft in the furious sssault
upon the enemy at Morris Island. ' and wb ioh re
sulted in visiting such severe punishment upon v
the yankees ofthe sixteen hundred of Southern
troops in the assault, over one thousand were from
North Carolina 350 from the Slst N. 0. Regi-.
Jtnent, and 687 from the 51st.
. - ,x
Instead .of allbeing killed or wounded in
the Raleigh Rifles andiOak City Guards, a, re
ported last week, we are glad to learn that only.
one was killed, eleven wounded, nrastlj slightly,
amd one musing.
Conscription. The late proclamation of
the President, in relation U conscripts, refers
only to those persons between the ages of
forty and forty-five yeara of age, and to con
scripts between the ages of eighteen and forty,
who have not been heretofore exempted.
either in consequence of physical disability
Their, los fifteen, in killed, wounded and
prisoheia. They are tfying to. make their:. ,
wajr to the coast,' but were driven back. To- -day
they were separated at Speight's Bridge.
Sheriff High of this county, who left? this
city on Monday in command of a scouting
party, has returned, and 'reports thai the
raiders burned Battle's cotton factory at
Rocky Mount; broke in the private houses and
stores at Spartaj and robbed the citizens- of
everything valuable. Horses, mules, wagons,
buggies, money, watches, negroes, &c., were
carried off by them, and other depredations
committed too numerous to .mention.. At
Tarbord' they burnt the jail, the warehouse
and the houses ocupied by, the Quartermaster
ana commissary jjepartments. iney were
met ax a nriage near oparta, and alter some
m x" ' C l ' . ' . ' ' - i i
ngnung, wererorcea to cnange ineir rout.
Their forces, including negro soldiers and
stolen negroes, was believed, to be 2,000.
They left in the direction of Snow Hill, and
at 11 o clock on Tuesday were at Mr. Moore s.
wytnevme, fa., nasaiso oeen visited by
it party of yankee raiders, and after burning
about 20 houses and stealing a large number
of negroes and horses, attempted to make -
their escape, but were attacked and captured
by CoL McCausland's command.
- j. ne enemy suit continue tneir assaults
upon our batteries and "forces on Morris island
in ids Ticiony vnariesion, wna dui liure
success. A considerable en easement occur
red on the 18th inst, in which Gen. Beau-.
regard says we had only 150 killed, and the
yankee loss was two thousand in killed and
prisoners. ught hundred were buried un
der a tiag of truce, beveral yankee Colonels
were killed. It was a glorious victory to
oiif arms, achieved, says the Mercurs , "by
i x n . . t .i .
our Drive iroops, Georgians, jxortn Caro
linians, arid sons of our own city, who stood
shoulder to shoulder in the fight" Gen.
Glingman's brigade are the only North Car
olinians there, we believe.
The great riots in the North, accounts of
which will be- found in another column, form
no unimportant part of the news of tbe past
week. The riot in New York lasted for four
or five days Lincoln succumbed to the de
mand for a suspension of the conscript' en
rolment but as soon as partial quiet was
restored, with his usual duplicity, he-sent an
order from Washington that the draft must'
proceed. Regular troops now parol the citv
land keep down, any further outbreak.-
I Whether they will be able to do thi when
r. . . 11 ,T . . 1 a.
ence. lie was not ai an aiscouvagea ai me prospect
he never had the " blues" himself, and had no re .
spect or svmpathy for "croakers." The' enemy has
already appropriated tweniy-scven minions oi aoiiars
and one million of men for our subjugation, ana af
ter two years war had utterly failed, and if the war
continued two years longer they would fail to accom
plish our subjugation. So far they had not broken
the shell of the Confederacy. In the lievolutionary
war the British at one time had possesion of North
Carolina, South Carolina and other States ; they took
Philadelphia and dispersed Congress, and for long
time held almost complete sway in the Colonies
yet they did not conquer our forefathers. In the war
of 1812 the British captured the capital t the nation.
Washington city, and burnt it, yet they did not con
quer us ; and if we are true to ourselves now, true to
our birth-rights, the Yankee nationjwill utterly fail
to subjugate us. Subjugation would be utter ruin
and eternal death to Southern people and all that
they hold most dear. He exhorted them to gitfe the
Government a cordial support, to frown down all
croakers and grumblers, and to remain united and
fight to the bitter end for liberty and independence.
As for reconstruction, said Mr. Stephens, such a
thing was impossible such an idea must not be
tolerated for an insant Reconstruction would not
end the war, but would produce a more horrible war,
Vn tV,.l 1: nn rinrl . fh linlv
... Ii. .11 . ' J
terms on which we can ootain permanent peace, is
final and complete separation from the North rath
er than "submit to anything short of that, let us a 11
resolve to die likeinen'worthy of freedom.
I;i regard to foreign intervention, Mr. Stephens ad- .
vised his hearers to build no hopes on that yet awhile.
lie did not believe that the leading foreign . powers
ever intended that the North and South should be .
again; united they preferred that the separation
should be permanent but thev considered hnt.W
theth of July an assauK which would
have to be met with, twenty-five percussion
caps to each man in the trenches. How
long such defence would have held out against
such an assault, can be estimated. The
assault would in all probability, have been
successful and attended with the slaughter
of the " 27,000 meni' who are now alive, sides too strong now,and did not deem it good policy
onrl in crnr f lira f Viaii nlinnc! in fia rla(nnn I n -t :i.r 3 j. i . " . l
w uyvu itt tuvu jfiUYba iu buo ubxvuw i yu pai d 111 ICriCi U Ullli ptlt U.I1 CnQ lO mC War.
of tljeir country. Foreign nations see that the result of the war will
WAh n Haa V tt1 j-J UttA Ia.. W a. I 1 a.. Xtl1 1 . . i ' . m
uuuu - ucoui wuuiu iiavo ut-wu luuiu uciu- i ue w eisiauiibQ a uesDOustn at tne jorLh and ara
ic, nut wouia not tne loss oi that gallant ar- thereiore' willing to allow it to continue awhile
my nave oeen a raucn more serious DU)w to longer.
vmo, v"ivc.yjr & . . a wuuie tone oi Mr. otepnens speech was verr
The soldiers who have to do the fighting encouraginc: and showed not tha slip-htest sicrn
( luojuif, nut wmj)iaiucu iuai uwpuuueiicy. xie saia many tnmgs and related
they were not permited to be butchered to several facts by way of encouragement to the south-
maice a xaunee uouaay. . era people, and concluded by expressinc entire
confidence in the ability of the Confederacy to main-
Death of Lieut. Iowa Rotster. Among I tam our cause and achieve independence. Charlotte
9 I 1 A -
the number of distinguished young men from
North Carolina who fell at the battle of Get
tysburg, we regret to find the name of Lieut
Royster of this 'city. He Was shot down
by a cannon ball far ahead of his men,
waving his sword, and cheering them on in
the desperate charge upon the heights in the
rear of that town, on the third day of the
fight An order had been given o fall back
but the brave young lieutenant neard it not,
Crossing the Potomac
Martinsburg, Va.. July 15, 1863.
In my letter of yesterday I predicted that in leas
than twenty-four hours, the Army of Northern" Vir
ginia would have recressed the Pctomac It is my
duty to Chronicle the predicted as an accomplished
After waiting some four or five davs in line . of bat.
.1 T . " . "
ne, near nagerstown, Gen Lee found
out what T
j ka u Liiu wa uv ruuuik mivuvuuii w uaa u il iiul. . ... '
till unsannoried. he rushed into the laws of s.uPP3e hls sagcity hd before led him to fear, viz:
death? " . 1 mat the enemy had no idea of attacking him, but
Death of Gek. Pender. The Richmond
Sentinel says that Gen. Pender died at Stan
ton, of wounds received at Gettysburg. Gen.
Pender was a brave and gallant officer, and
we deeply regret to have to announce his
death. The remains of Gen. P. reached
Richmond on Sunday.
of attacking
naa tnrown itselt on the defensive, and nas busilv
fortifying in his front. In these circumstances, and
m view oi me iact mat torage and flour were not to
be had for love or Confederate money, nor could be
impressed, our lorces began to tail back,
i. - ... . .
it v raining que nard-on Monday morning
about ten o'clock, when the order came to the Brig
ade Quartermaster, with whom I Was Staving, in rorL-
up and move across the river. The teams were soon
in readiness and started towards tho a
TheSeven Thousand sotto be Raised. It ing there, I found all the ferries busilv on,! ;Z
will be seen by reference to our advertising carrying the wagons over, and I also saw large num
column, that Gen. Dan'l G. Fowle,haa issued heir backs6 WatCr hrSCS Up nearly
an order revoking the order which directed Thepontoon bridge which bad W
J the militia officers to bring to Raleigh, by WilliamspOTt was floated down to Falling Waters
J the 1st of August, those persons between 40 four miles below Williamsport; and made fast ther
ikna45veMsof age liable to conseription. "SlTSf.,.,. .
This is in consequence of the Proclamation ing the Army back to Virginia be-un. Some tt-
bf the President, calling those persons into turned by means of the pontoon bridge, but the
the service of the Confederate Government poys tnat is, the infantry, had to take it rebel fash-
.1 All I V,V. U.-l UUCVUW IUC
or ovuer causes, jxu peruu Wi uavo oeeu ihe draft ms a j remains to be seen.
examinoa oy a muitary Doa, or nave oeen . , Gen. Bragg is fortifying the hills around
exeiuptedby the enrolling officers of the eT- chattan 5 Rosenc;an ha removedU
i uujincw, ar. no caueu upon w report theadouarters from Tulkhoma to WinnWtar
and both armies are quiet, and we suppose
as Conscripts. ' Tersons between the above
ages wilK be enrolled by the Confederate
District TSnrolline officers, and ordered to
-, .
camp ra the lame manner as those between
-85 and 40.
iuo waier taKin ma
ny of them up to their arm pits. The rear euarrf
or rather the line of skirmishers, left Che centre and
immediate front about tiro o'clock on the night- of
Tuesday, some four miles beyond the river, and fell
oacs biuwiy. in aaaiuon to the water which our
boys had to pass through in getting dver, they were

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