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Spirit of tjje
K A LEIGH, N'.;C.- 2JCOKDAY. KOVEHBES 16, 1863. PUBLISHED MONDAY BY LE2AKDEE H. GOEMAF, EDITOR AND MiOFKlITOR. The OnlyTerms of this Paper. For twelve moth $4 00 For cine month 3 00 For ix r.u nth 2 00 For three monthi .1M TO Jilt TAW JNYAr.nLT IN ADTAXCX. ArlTfrtiscraent!' inrttd at $2 per gquar (t'-n V.wn or less) for the fir?t insertion, mid $1 Un each nubseqnent inertin. All Obitu.ry Noticra, Resolutions adopted by Orders, Societies, X:c, and Poetry of a rirtox.i nature, inscribed t indWiduala, Ac, must be paid for at the rata f ten cent per line, and tin won iy UQut accompany theta when sent to Urn .alter. Tliesotern-f will le inviolably adhered te. Tht Htva of tho "Week. It will be j-een by reference to tic news from our armies in this paper, that military operation? ire in great activity again. At the first of the week, wewcic cheered with lire intelligence that Brig. Gen. W. E. Jones and Col- Gilmer, un der Major Gen. Robt. Ransom, had cap tured at Rogersville, Tennessee, eiht hundrtd and fifty prisoners, four pieces cf artillery, two stands of colors, sixty wagnnandone thousand animals, with a los of only two killed and eight woun ded on our side. Oti the next day, however, this good news was counterbalanced by a report that two whole brigades of the army of Northern Virginia Hayes' brigade oi Louisinnians.and Hoke's brigade of North Carolinians had been 44 gobbled up" by ars overwhelming force from Meade's ar my. Subsequent information, however, show the disaster not to ha ve been so b.id us at first represented, butbad enough in all censcience. We give in other col umns as full and accurate accounts of the affair afl. we litre been able to procure from tho Virginia papers, but regret we have received .no account from any North , Cu-eJiliir, .gWiig JfuJi .rt'ulars of J tne participation of our boys in the affair. . We have however haft a conversation with an officer in the army just frtm tho Rccne of action, and who was a partial' participant ia the engagement, happening at the point on his way homo, on furlough, lie informs us that instead of tw whole brigades, amounting to fir or aix thou sand 'men, being' captured, the. whole number taken dues not exceed nine or ton hundred. lie says Hayes' brigade of Louisianians and two regiments of Hoke's brigade of North Carolinians, were sent to Rappahanaock Station, with instruc tions to hold that point at all hazards our whole force iiot exceeding three thousmd men. Our troops were behind i iiie pits and had a fair fire at the enemy, who drove in our pickets and advanced upon them in numbers of (iftcen or twen ty thousand. Our troops tired upn them with terrible execution, piling up the yankee dead in frightful numbers, and continued to fire upon them until their ammunition gave out, and then a desperate hand-to-hand conflict; ensued. In the meantime, our little band finding themselves so largely outnumbered. and about to be flanked on every side, began to look for a way of escape, but unfortu nately many were so completely surroun dt'd that they woro compelled' to surren der. Nearly a thousand of Hayes brig a Ik tirade tSetr escape and soma few of( l.e two North Carolini regiments. Our- s in killed end wounded is said to be out COO ; prisoners 000 to 1,000. The uciny's ioss in killed alone, is belieed ? be nearly nuiny as our entire loss willed, wounded and prisoners. T!ie enemy, at list account, were ad vanciag upon Gen. Leo in heavy force, and another general engagement will take place soon between the armiesofLee and Meade", if it has not taken place already. We have but little fears of the result. There has also recently been a severe tight near Lewisburg in western Virginia, in which our forces under Gens. Jackson and Echols were forced to fall back be 7' m o a superior force under the 3?nkee terul Averill. The fighting is reporv .S desperate on both sides, and the deuvt heavy. JLll the particulars ght that we have seen will be another column or this paper. .urg ia again in the hands of the fenfinr, our forces having fajlen back this") side. There is but little additional " informa tion. from Chattanooga, The cncy have doubtless gained a great advantage frein he position they have succeeded in taking on Raccoon mountain and Lookout valley. This, it is said, gives Thomas a secure passage for his supply trains, and enables him te receive reinforcements with more safety and rapidity than Bragg's army can be reinforced or be. furnished with supplies. We rtgard the situation there as extremely critical. . Whether Bragg will have to fall back or compel Thomas to evacuate Chattanooga, remains te be seen. -3Iost of the Correspondent? from that army, and papars published at At lanta are hopeful, and some confident Of an entire success when the struggle comes. The Knoxville (Atlanta) Register, of the 6th, contains the following .cheering reference to the. situation in Tennessee: " If Bragg expects a battle near Chatta nooga,, is it not probable that he would recall jtroops that have been advancing vincible legions, prove victorious. Gen. North? Just as surely as a battle oc curs, so surely will General Bragg's in Thomas will be furnished an eouortuni- ty to fight perhaps, and if he does not accept, then he must retreat. Bragg's next movement will compel him." From East Tennessee we. have little ad. ditional intelligence. Our troops have' gained seme advantage there, and appear determined Ixd repossess KnoxilIe. At Charleston the" firing continues, but not so heavily as last week. No new success has been achived by the enemy. In our own State all is ' quiet at pres ent. Intelligence was received here on the 8th, that ten yankeo gunboats had arrived at Winton.on the Chawan river, and it was thought another expedition of two thousand cavalry and fifteen pieces of artillery had gone to seme other point. Nothing has "been since heard of the lat ter supposed expedition, (doubtles all a canard,) and tire troops on the ten trans ports arc said to iiave "advanced into the country soaie four miles and then return te the river. An attack on Weldon is suppesed to be contemplated if so we have a forcte' in readiness to ,meetr the The ya nles a nd tories have swoted ftom Western North Carolina, and Gov. Vance reports all quiet theje now. Various rumors are afloat of " on to Richmond", expeditions ia the Peninsu la, Frederioksburg, and we should net be surprised if some of the rumars prove true but what they , design at ti'.opting raust be done in a few days, ere the wintry wet season sets in. .-At present activity seems to prevail ev ery where. The Price of the Age. This peper is now published at four dollars a year, nd for shorter periods at' corresponding rates. Persons sendin smaller amounts than will be charged according to these terms This h is been our subscription for some weeks, and yet people centinue to send $3 and ask for the paper to be .sent a year for it. r Wu cannot do this. We could not meet our current expenses at this price. We raised eur price because necessity com. pellei us to do so, and absolute necessity compels, ii"; to adhere to it invariably- Anotiek thing. Seme persons send us Virginia and Georgia scrip or shin plaiters. Thy "are worthless here, and we cannot receive them. ,Nor can we afford te pay postage on letters to return them to the senders. Consequently they are a dead lo-s to them. Send us North Carolina or Confederate Treasury Notes or Bank bills. Ktver mind abvat gold. Death of Elder G. M. L. Fich. It piins u to announce (says the Bib lical Recorder,) that this excellent and useful minister is. dead. The intelligence was not altogether unexpectsd, Vut it ig still saddening. He had been sfck of consumption for a lonj time, and on the y morning of the GOth of October his sick ness and sufferings were ended, as he then fell asleep in Jesus. Suddss Deatb. We regret, to learn from the M.lten Chronicle,' that Mr. Nichol B. P-itton, the worthy Postmas ter nfc tbat place, dropped dead in his room while dressing. He was x - goe)d friend to newspapers, and his autograph wnx as familiar to us as household face. hving received it .so, often, ia enclosing subscription to our paper. ilia Election - The rfcuirf the recent election fur memberJ of Cengress" is still in doubt in 5ome of ihe districts, buf we believe the ioliowin gentlemen have been elected? First district, Hon W. NU- Smith; re elected. Secend dist., R. R. Bridgers. Third diL'Dr. J. T. Leach. Fourth dist., Lieut. Filler. Fiftii dist., Capt. Jo. Tur ner. Sixth dist, Hon. John A. Gilmer. Seventh ! dist., S.H.Christian. Eighth dist., Hon. Wml LI Lander, ra elected. .Ninth distHon. B. S. Gaitber, re-elec-tad. TentvAist, G. W.Logan.' Only four. of hejold delegation re-lected, viz.: Smith, Bridger.- Lander and Gaither. ' I . ' 5 At jt;neeting of the " Raleigh Mutual Rei and Charitable Assecia-. tioii," held m the 10th, it appeared that the amount if $3Q,5G0 had been subscrib ed to the" losn fund, and $7,085 to the charity fund,lbeside3 205 cords of wood, &c. i . -. Messrs. ' C$oW. Mordeeai, Jonathan Worth, 71. -i",-Hustexl, T. H. Selby, P. F. Pescud, Kjwpg.. Battlo and Rev. W. J. Crowded were elected Directors. Jenatrvan Wirtta, E.q., was also elsctcd Treasurer oi the Association. The Di rectois were Rested with power to fix the time after ihich subscriptions . to the erf Loan fund will not be received. At a meiSfvg of the Board of Directors, since held, Rev. W. H. Cunninggim was appointed General Agent for the pur chase of provisions in the Eastern coun ties ; and 4fre" President was instruc ted to correspond with the Secretary of War, for the purpose4of procuring ex emption frem impressment of all articles bought for the use of the Association. The Prices. We hope Congress at its next session . r e 9 will do smething to regulate prices throughout?he Confederacy. Let every species of mchandise, every product of the soil, be placed upon an equal footing, and a tariff ofvr ices fixed that will en- ' able the peertall over the country to ' live without, suffering. Let our State Legislature tale the matter in hand al so, and ktbeje be such a revelution in prices, as wi pale the cheeka of. spec- nUtOd ths laot the t poor. Let tills be done And we can pray for peae as nation', ; without having to carry so'nfany.iihs" with us. " . There is on thing certain, some re duction must'be made in the prices now charged fer the necessaries of life, er the poor must snCer the coming winter. Those whomGod has blessed with an abundance, must distribute with a will ing hand to the needy, and sell at reason able prices to these who have to buy, or what they consider a blessing may prove, to be a curse to them A Good Wife. A .good wife is one of the best insdtutiens a man can have about the house, and. a man that has. none, has but little to Jive for. It is not every one, however, who gets a wife that gets a good one, for unless a girl can cook, wash snd make her own clothes., she is net exactly the kind for. an in dustrious, working man to tie te. But a fellow up in Virginia has just got a "brick." The Rockingham Register says :!- One of our, fair country-women, the daughter' of arich and independent farm er of Rockingham, was married the other day to a gentleman who may con gratulate himself upon hi securing a prize worth having. She was what we would call an 4 independent girl," sure enough. Her bridal outfit was all made with her owtf hands, from her beautiful straw hat, down to the handsome gaiters upon her feet! Her own delicate hands jpun and wove the material of which her wedding elms and travelling cloak were mada ; so that she had nothing uponlier person when she was married which was not made by herself I Nor was she compelled by necessity or pov erty to make thu exhibition of har in dependence. She did it for the purpose of showing to the world bow independ ent Southern , girls are. If this noble girl were not . wedded we shpuld be tempted to publish her . name in this connection, so that our bachelor reade. s might see who of our girls are most de? sirable. If she was yet single, and we were to publish her name, her pa's house would be at once thronged with gallant gentlemen seeking the hand of a woman of auch priceless value. Governor Vance has returned to this city after au absence ef some ten days in the Western part eftae State. The latest advices represent, everything 'quiet , in that reieo. the enemy who made their appearance at jtho Warm Springs having returned to Tennessee. The Tax in Kind- f Hiscellaneous Items. This isa sore subject to our country Xns Reason. The men vfh are ma friends. There are but few farmersLas king the money don't stand on price, the Petersburg Express remarks, who do They pay whatever price is asked for not loek upon Commissaries and Quar- any article they way wane, and the man termasters' visits to their premises' as who has plenty of money wants a peat mest outrageous intrusions. They know many things. .im perfectly well that the Government is en- This is one reason the principal -one gaged in a gigantic 'war for their deliver- we imagine why prices are so inflated, ance from yankee oppression, and that The reason why every other article of 'consequently it has to rely upon thepeo- ple for the requisite assiatance in the way ty, or an hundred prices,' is because some of supplies fer the support ef the im- crazy peop'e are always found to buy mense forces wkich it is cempelled- te them, and others in consequence are com ?eep'up. But they seem to have arrived pelled to d so. at the conclusion that it is the business Their Futuke Plans. The leading , of the government to feed the soldiers &orthern papers are discussing what to -out ef granaries and meat houses of its j0 wjtn tn5 South after the Liucoln dea own, without bothering the peeple with potism has her securely ' under .feot. calls for any portion of their substance. jj8re js the plan proposed by one. ot This would all be very well if the gov- them . i ment had its own barns and meat houses xne question iioaj. mis always well stored enougii to meet or- tht conqUered States ! We say let the dinary and extraordinary demands. But ceuntry be studded with fort?, garrison unluckily this is not the case, and there- d b ,071 lla ?hf e dut il fnra 4 -4 n ' x shall be to keep down their former mas tore Ceramissaries and Quartermasters t t . r- - are wholly dependent upon the voluntary -yVc tbink the Lincolnites had better and involuntary contributions ef the conquer us first, before they talk this people and a the former are not te be vay. It is well enough, however, to had, the latter must cz necessitate rei, be kn" fK . ; . - . ' constantly in view, while doing all m our resorted to, or the army be disbanded poTTer to thwart tUcm. and the country. disgraced and ruined by m. . . . nn,',,mn' T,ofnM . J 3 The inconsistencies of human nature a yankee conquest. .And yet, how much were neTer more strikingly brought to. murmuring and grumbling and cursing light than during the present struggle, is there n the part of the producing A notable instance of this sort came to classtsatthe levy of this- tax of a tenth our ears, several days since a e t, x , . wlo, from the beginning ef the war has ol the wheat they raise ! They consider it been noted for his bold and unmeasured tyranny of the worst type, and denounce denunciation of extortioners, is now sell' . it accordingly. New, let us take a sober ing the bacon which cost him twelve riHnnil ;ar i'lief v.Q f k . i u cents per pound, for two dollars and a rational view just here of the mutual ob- haU anJ JcUi ' u at this pricCt t00 to ligations of the government and the peo- 0ne of his neighbors; whom he reckons pie in this matter. ' It is the duty of the as a friend, who wihal is a minister of government to exert all its energy and tne gospel ! authority for the protection of the citizen Revival m tee Army. Rev. B. T. against the e'nesay. It is the duty of the Lacy, Commissioner to 2d and 3d corps in citizen to co-operate with and aid the the army of Northern Virginia, makes government in this province of action to the following encouraging remarks : the utmost of-his ability. This fc a duty " Since I last wrote you there has been that devolves upon every citizen alike, a great and blessed work of grace in pro whatever may be his vocation. Farmers gres.s in the 2d and 3d corps. Net far "v1.. A.n.,i u r lrom one' thousan souls have professed have been called upon by our Con- r i V , .-r - lV. , v , j uul faith m Christ within the last month. gress for a tenth part of their produce. And there are twice that number - scri Merchants and others have been called oasly Keeking the way of salvation." upon for an equivalent of the tax in kind ia money, which they are paying with- I . out complaining. Jliut the farmers, Vrith many exceptions, it is true, are bitteVly di$satisnd with the tithing of the fruits of their labor, and think it a mon strous imposition. They do not spend a thought upon the fact, that were it not for the army, which has been organized for their deferfce, they would be overrun by the Yankees their property of every description be swept from their posses sion, and themselves reduced to poverty and an ignominious bondage. Which of them could have, made any crop at all last year or this, if it nad not been for the force the Government has provided to repel the invaders? And yet, after being thus enabled by the guardian care of the Government to retain possession of their lands, negroes and stock, and thereby enabled to raiso their erops as usual, they, now consider it a tremen dous grievance to be taxed a' tenth of those crops for the benefit of the power without whose protection they could not have cultivated a potato hilll. . To the Government they are indebted for every thing they have made. Yea, for a great deal more. They are indebted to it for the safety of their negroes- and all the means which they have of production they are indebted to it for tho peaceful and undisturbed pursuit of their indus trial labors for all the comforts and en joyments of home and, though last not least, for their "being still freemen, under institutions of their own choice. Really when we compare their indebtedness to the Government with the tax laid upon them by the flatter, we are aftazed at the unwillingness to pay it and the discon tent among them, which we witness. e ' The tax sinks into almost utter insignifi cance alongside the blessing ef which it is the price. Whatnvould the people of the invaded and desolate districts of this and other States not have cheerfully giv en to have been saved in like manner from the ruin and misery which have befallen them ? Go and ask the borne- les moneyless rufugee, who has lost negroes, cattle, , hsuses, everything who has been reduced, from affluence to poverty ask him whether he would not have rejoiced to give a tenth a fifth, er even half ol his aauai crops to the Gov eminent if it could thereby have secured them against the outrages of a diabolical enemy, and our word for it the answer will be promptly and loudly in the af firmative. consumption has been run up to tent fif- . mL 4. . unxTT v,ifi Atev- Alr' ewig, writing Iroia t&e reciv- ihg hospital of the same corps, says There.is a eleep and wide' spread influ ence here. ;,3"faehalf has not bejii told. in the religiouSf newspapers." Many are""" airaiu 10 write au tuey.ieei and knew, lest it be thought wild and extravagant." Assistant Commissioner f Exchange. Lieut Col; Irvine, formerly member of Congress, has been appointed Assistant Commissioner to effect an excha;e of prisoners, and will report 'to Gen. Mere dith. He has left Washington fer For tress Monroe. Irvine was a prisoner at Richmond feur months. The New York Times savs : The rebelsi, as well as we, now hold respectively a large number of prisoners, and there are difficulties pending in re gard to the matter of exchange. The quicker these difficulties can honorably . be solved, the better for us, mest un- , questionably. "Hermes," the Richmond correspond ent of the Charleston Mercury, writes to tkat journal under date of October 29th, rthat the place of Attorney General vaca ted by Judge V atts, was offered to Sen- . ator Henry, of Tennessee, -who declined it, and it i now at the disposal of Judge Jenkins, of Georgia. Southern Women. The Southern wo men beat the world, in their line. A cor respondent of the Mississippian, writing, iroui Uniontown, November 3d says: for myself) from the .storm of war, I lound in this village .every social and conventional advantage ; but the v most surprising, as it was the most grateful leature ot all, 1 lound here, was an ex ample to Southern women, furnished by iwu uvauwiui Kins Hi Hie " iiontftf House." Their father, a refueee from Memphis. a very old gentleman, formerly in fine circumstances, but now. ruined. by the revolution, had educated them in the ex- . . : l 1 j T r i . i . ycusna acuuns ; anu i tounu mrQ ner comg, what do you suppose ? Striking tne piano with most exousite touch ? Yes. Sintrinz verdidi. with finlir velopcd voices? Yes. But what else? Like those beauties'once in Marengo, an adjoining county, who had flourished in the court ot Josephine, but were driven hither by the downfall of Napoleon, they were wie'ding the broom in a hotel and. performing whatevor task their altered circumstances require. Seeing one of them in the hall bloom ing and beautiful, with broom in hand, I exclaimed "you are worth, Mias, your weight in diamonds, and should marry an elegant friend of mine, but that he has been slain in battle." I wou'.d rather lean," she answered, 44 on the dangling there of a brave soldier than on the' brawny arms of a coward and slat 8 " Noble woman ! May the great thought of your great heart go back to the army 1 Let tho winds waft it ! . And ye soldiers, remember you are not fighting now for slavery, but for these heroic women of the South!