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Our living and our dead. [volume] (Newbern [i.e. New Bern], N.C.) 1873-187?, November 19, 1873, Image 1

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VOL. I.
Southern Solar floctrn.
NEWBEBN, N. C, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1873.
NO. 21
IX JIKMOKIAM.
Tlie Coiifelcrnlc IeaI IV o Cannot
Forget Tliem.
BY VIRGINIA MADISON.
We cannot forget them, the good, true and noble
Who fell in a caune that to them was so dear,
In the silent encampments of our soldiers lie
sleeping
By each mound would we pause and in grief
drop a. tear.
We cannot forget when we marshaled our armies
And clad our brave boys in the jackets of grey,
When we laid on the knapsack and strapped on
the sabro
And in hand placed the musket, for use in the
fray
The hope ad the daring that loupes.; from their
brave hearts
And glanced in their glad eyes so tender and so
true;
And the kins on our lips that some left us in part
ing, The blessings wo wafted, as they were hnt to
our view.
We cannot forget how we prayed and we pleaded,.
That God in his tioriy would shield them from
harm,
From the dangers besetting the caru of the sol
dier, In the tierce shook of battle from sin's every
charm,.
We cannot forget when. lovi wwmdod and bleed
ing, To un they were brought, iho shitc bandage to
bind
With an arm, or a log lost, a bright ryehenight-ed-
Or a gah dripping gory they Mailed "Never
mind. "
We cannot forget a we bent over the pillow.
And wiped the col 1 dew from the proud pallid
brow,
The grasp of the hand, and the cla:-p of stiff fin
gers And the. hispered ei. treaty, ".will you listen
pray, now ?"
T am dying but toll them all those that so 1 ve
rue
That I fell at. the front with my face to th foe:
That my check never blanched: that my feet never
wavered:
I was leading my fallows whoa tin laid mo
low."
f;. '. Ml them to griovs not. in the great "?
of battles
I put all inv tru-;t in the great God on high !
Some v aver 1 qui' k 1 lady my breath il grows
shorter
"Oh ! tell thcru tonuet in ! -i.:y d..ar friend
go..d bye !v '
We t:iitiMt forget n- we ka .'! e'.-r tho still form
And laid gainst the pale :.-'!. bright fiuh
mef flowers
That we fancied an angel gnve h-v fund eo iho
sleep r,
And white pinions hre him to h'-avcr.ly bow
ers. Forget them? our brave ones who fought and
who perished
For horues, wives r.nd children for all they
hold dear
Ab; theirjlust rc,Ust gather f i-om hillside and val
ley, Who in life knew no faltering, who in death
were sans pew.
In grounds cmiceeratod our dead -we would
place them
In ranks side, by wdc, as they once met the foe;
In the stilly encampments our soldier lie sleeping
liy each grassy hillock, uncovered we'd bow.
While fame from their trows weaver a hallo of
memory's urn v.c would gratefully
twine.
A icreath ouotorMu.,leueY.ed with our tear
drops. More pure in their lurtre, than the gems of the
mine.
We cannot forget theni, while reason remaincth,
And memory reason from her reign doth sever,
In the heart of the Houthrou, while life-blood is
coursing
Their dead ! they'll forget them no neivr .'
no neiv.r .' .' -New
Yorl, January 25th.
For Ocii Liny a and Oca Deua.
;i;ttvI51'K(;.
In 31 finery ofC'orp'. J. II. Iurvi.
IiY LAVIiA L,
IHe fU in the 3rd days fight, aged 20 years.
Company 15, 1st liegiment "N. C. T,
Far on the Held of Gettysburg,
A little mound unheeded lies;
A mother's hope is buried there,
Uunknown, unsung, our soldier lies,
There on the plain of Gettybburg.
A braver heart did never beat,
Nor one more loving, gentle true;
A nobler boy was never given,
To make a mother's early heaven,
Than he who fell at Gettysburg.
Swift waa the stroke, mid fire and smoke.
A ball unerring crossed the plain;
Another came his woikwasdono,
And then he never spake again,
Upon the lield of Gettysburg..
Weeks past within that widowed home,.
Such weary weeks of watch and prayer;
No tidings came, and day by day,
The mother's cheek grew paler there;
O, the sad fight at Gettysburg.
At last it came ! Her boy was dead J
His grave the lonely battle-field !
Poor mother weep: 'Twill craze thy brain,
Weep while I tell it o'er again,
He fell, ho fell at Gettysburg:
No Southern rose will ever bloom,
Upon his grave sojstill and lone;
No Southern breeze the grass will wave.
But the north wind will make it moan,
Above his grave at Gettysburg.
Ycr, lot tears have free course twill soothe
The aching heart they cannot heal;
No life-long agony he knows;
No maimed limb. He met our foes,
And nobly fell at Gettysburg
But look above, you'll meet him there,
Where are no battles, pain nor care,
He early sought his Father's face,
lie early found a Saviour's grace,
Weep not the light at Gettysburg.
Ah, many a mother's heart has bled;
And many a si-ters eye grew dim,
And many an little orphan's tears
Pall, at the mournful tale he hears,
About the tight at Gettysburg.
From the Kuleigh Sentinel.
311TII CAKOMSA'S lSKCOKI).
KScr Troops in the I-atc "IVttr.
Tn our issue yesterday wo asked the fol
lowing qut stiou :
"We have understood that the number
of troops furnished be Confederacy (inde
pendent of home iMsards and reserves) was
about 103,000, Who can give us the exact
num her ?
By the kindness of J. B. Neathory, esq.,
Private Secretary of Gov. Caldwell, we
are to-day enabled to answer the question.
Mr. Noathery says tha". Gen R. C. Gatlin,
Adjutant General of the State, in liis re
poittoGov. Vance, dated Nov. 10, 18d4,
eives the number as follows :
"Number of troops transferred
to l he Confederate States, ac
cord. up- to ordinal roils on
file in this office G 1,0:30
Number of conscripts between
the ages of 18 ami 45, as p-r
repot t oi Commandant of
Conscripts, dated September
a) lyol 18, "8.")
Est. mated number of recruits
th.it have volunteered in tin;
d ti'ereiit com p.u;it s .since the
date of oii"ina!
rolls.
Number of troops in t Lie State
service for the war. .
Number of Junior 11. -serves. . . .
Number of Senior Reserves. . . .
21,008
5,08o
Total number A troops. . . . 117, 035
Tl esc troops have been organized as
fi i lou ! :
KcLri:r.erit of ArtiiVrv. .
o
.
Cavalry
Infantry
Junior le s.-rve-s
Senior R st rves.
Total iu;mlT af regiments..
Battalion of Artillery
Cavalry
" Infantry
J r.ui or Reserves. . .
" Senior lb' ;u rv;-J-. . .
. . G
..GO
.. 1
.71
. i
. 4
. 3
From Official Report November let 1861
ItEGISTEK
OF
NORTH CAKOLIXA TROOI'S, IS61
Continued Jrom last week.
11th llogt. X. C. Troops, 1st Volnn
tccrs "IJctlicl" Infantry.
William G Lewis,
Robert S Bryce,
Colonel,
Charles C Lee,
Lieut. Colonel,
Joseph 15 Starr,
Major,
Robert F Hoke,
Captains,
Richard J Ashe,
E A Ross,
Clark M Avery,
W ilham J Hoke,
A
B
J A Pemberton, f
Second Lieutenants,
William P Hill, B
Cary Wliitaker, I
Rich'd B Saunders.D
D ilham S Long, A
c E B Ti otter, c
o C W Alexander, c
K Thos D Gillespie, B
Wm W McDowell, e John A Dickson, a
Jesse C Jacocks, I. Wm R Edwards, -k.
Wright Iluske, H Jas C S McDowell, G
James K Marshall, M George II Gregory, E
Whitmel P Lloyd, a James A Patten, e
William A Owenf, B George B Sloan, F
Frank N Roberts, f F W Bird, L
Firt Lieutenants, James J Speller, z,
M T WliitaKer, I Charles B Cook, n
E B Cohen, c Hector McKethan, n
Calvin S Brown, o Edward A Small, m
Wallace Reinhardt.K Thomas Copehart, M
Was!) M Hardy, e Rich Mallett, jr, d
Stark A Sutton, L. Carr li Corbitt, I
Benjamin PJluske.H Albert S Hay ties, k
Iiewelleu Warren, m KeMieth Thigpen, a
J'imcs 11 Jennings, i Benjamin Rush, f
12th KoRt., X. C.
uuli'Crs,
Colonel,
Solomon Williams,
Lit. ut. Colonel,
Edward Cant well,
Major.
Augu.-tus W Burton,
Captains.,
Botsjamin O Wade, a
(ieorge Woitham, E
Thomas S Kenan, c
Jerome B Ftiitou, n
Rich'd Noruient,L
Jarues II Wiiitaker.E
Henry E Ci leman, f
I'iiomas L Jones, o
Samnol S Yick, I
David P Rowe, k
first Lit. irrt'tnfs
Josepii II Sepai k, A
Augustus L .mdis.jl I?
Thos S Watson, C
Cheero A l)nrii:iiii, il
Owvii C Normeut. D
Wlnt H Anthony, i:
John T Tn,) lor, F
Troops, I2m! Vol-
Intantry.
V'illiani S I) avis , G
Wm II Blount, I
Yancy M Wilfong, y.
SV toad Lieutenants,
Nat C Ilarmoji, A
John B Hunter,
John C Hester,
William O Allen,
John W Hinson,
Jesse J en Kins,
Piiilo P Holt.
Ishain II Bennett,
Owen C Xormeut, v
II R Alciviiiiiey, d
Jno S Northiugton.E
Crawford G.rv, E
Win II Tov. hes, F
Thomas II Momv,F
Rioeit T.vittv. a
J. is Si ut h erl ind.'T (i
John W li u ret t, i
Wm F Rowland, I
Miles A Vomit, k
Tiios W ii.'.ullLJid, K
:;tl Elof!;2. ?. . iroopw, I5ri Voin:s
lee:, I n f iinlr.y.
Jnliu.- Rnseler, T
Rvbert Watt, e:
Colonel,
Alfred M Scales,
Li rut. C lotcl.
W S Guy,
Major.
D II Hamilton,
f '(tpJ'fins,
John A Graves,
James T Mitch
A A Erwin,
John A Murray, e
S'"eo; j L it utrtia II ts,
M W Nor fleet, a
Robert S Warren, s
Jasper Fleming :
Ilenrv A U-.'gers, i
Daniel Richmond, i
5,200 raen.
13,000 41
13,000 "
The following statements are taken from
the "Appendix to Holmes' History of the
United States."
SiYANXAU. Dec. 12, 1870.
Geo. Fkedk. Holmes, Esq.,
My Dear Sir : Your letter of the 5th
instant would have been answered imme
diately if I had been able to find the neces
sary memoranda.
1 depend upon my memory for most of
the numbers yon ask for ; but as they are
impressed and kept in my raind by being
written, I am confident that they are near
ly all correct. Those taken from record
are marked thus .
The figures express in every case what
are called, in military returns "Effective
totals," that is to say, the number oi raen
fit to go into battle.
18Gt.'
I found at Harper's Ferry,
May 24,
O'j the 17th July the num
ber had increased to (almost)
On the 21st July sm had on
Bull Run and at Manassas,
Of whom there were in the
battle tint (about)
On the 30th September,
tins army, then at Fairfax
Court House, with large de
tachments near Dumtriesand
Leesburg, had been increas
ed to,
On the 31st October, at
Centreville, with the same
detachments, it was, 41,000
At the end of November,
including General Jackson's
troops in the Valley, and
General Holmes' near Fred
ericksburg, there were,
At the end of the year 1SGI,
'licludiug the same,
18(12.
We had in the army near
Yorktown, May 1st.
Our rear-guard, that fought
at Williamsburg, May 5th,
Led to the position oc
cupied near Richmond, May
17th,
Men from hospitals, strag
g'ers ami recruits found there
On the 2Jth, J. R. Auder
dei son's troops (9000) called
from Fredericksburg, Hu
ger's (G500) from Petersburg,
and Branch's from Goidons
ville (3500)
37,000
n C S Civaher,
1
.20
Total number of battalions
There are thirteen unattached compa
nies. In addition to these is one company
from this State in the Tenth Virginia Cav
alry, five in the Seventh Confederate Cav
alry, four in the Sixty-second Geovcia reg
iment, and one in the Sixty-lirst Virginia
Infantry.
Mr. Neathe'-y add?; :
In the same report (ion. (ratlin gave tho
number of home guard and militia officers
in the State as follows;
Home Guard officers 1,312
Militia 2,G50
Total 3,902
These officers were in service much of
their time in arresting deserters, executing
the conscript act, guar ling weak
paints and. collecting supplies for the
troojtH in tho field, and adding their num
ber to Hie 117,925 we have 121,897.
Many persons who were exempted from
duty under the conscript act were held
and compelled to do duty in the State or
ganizations. In addition mfmy persons
were employed in the quartermaster's de
partment, ordnance department, &c. ,
whose names were not borne on any com
pany roll, and I know that many of the
rolls of the companies serving in regi
ments, such as the Tenth Virginia Cavalry
Sixty -Socond Georgia, &a., never filed
with the Adjutant General of North Caro
lina. Estimating all these at3,103 and we have
the number ci nit n furnished by North
Carolina in tho late war, 125,o00.
The above report of Gen. Gatlin was
furnished for the use of the General As
sembly of lSGl-'Gu.
From these figures furnished by Mr.
Neathery from official documents, the
following fact is deduced.
The voting population of the State pre
vious to the war may be closely approxi
mated by taking the vote for FJlis and
Pool in 18G0 the largest vote ever cast in
the State which was in the aggregate,
112, 58G; so North Carolina actually fur
nished during the war j-ome 12,500 more
soldiers than she had voters.
What State of the South can make a
better exhibit according to population ?
If as accurate a record be obtained of the !
casualties of the war, as that kindly fur
nished by Mr. Neathery, it would be
found that our State has the melancholy
pre-eminence.
The Fair of the Cr.rolinas commences in
Charlotte on the 25!h inst., and the Ob
server says there is c cry indication that
it will be a thorough success. Gen. John
A. Young has been made Chief Marshal,
and has drawn around him a good corps
of assistants..
John T Haiubiiek, L W II Faucett,
Joseph II Ilvmin, a John Seales,
Thomas P.u'fi:., k E W Hancock,
Thomas Settle, i DavidSetth-,
Jese A Cb ment, v Robert 11 Ward,
Giles P Bailey, k Wiley Clement,
Henrv McGeehee, H Che.-hier Sain,
fir.st Lieutenant, Hugh L Guerrant k
BYMcAden, a WmA Presley, b
Leonard H Hunt, c F L Potent, A
John R Erwin, n Sand R Thornton, c
E Brock Hidden, i Wm M Nunmilv, K
J A Fnqna,
a Bonnett P Jenkins, a
Chalmers Gleun,
Mth Kogt., S. V, T., Slh Volunteer,
I n fU si try.
Colonrl,
Junius Daniel,
Lieut. Colonel,
Geoige S. Lovejoy,
Major,
Paul F Fa i sou,
Ca pit i ins,
Willis L Miller.
Wm A Johnston,
Edward Dickson,
Geo H Faribault,
Thomas T Slade,
Wrn II Hammond, o
Jarno. R Deherry, n
Ed W Iferndon, r
iecond Lieutenemts,
BB.Bobi.itt, a
Robert Myrick,
Walter J Borgan,
b William A Liles,
A Runts R Roark,
i Wm M Ware,
e Jno W Harrison,
a James M Rovster, e
Richard Anderson, H .fames M Gudgeon, f
Jesse Hargrove, i Samuel S Brown, f
Win II Harrison, K John S Johnson, c
Charles E Smith, o John J Gilliam, G
PhiletusWRoberts.F Julius A Kendall, n
First Lieutenants, John B Simpson, n
W A l'earson, A in Al Holt,
Robt S Patterson, r Thos B Ber.le,
Wm INI Thompson, e Joseph Jones,
Andrew J Griffith, o S Gales, Adjt,
H N Wevere, i Henry W Aver,
Sion H Rogers, k Jos C Lnmbeth,
Pleasant C Thomas, b
15th Kegt. X. '. T., St It Volunteers
In Can try.
Colonrl.
Robert M MeKinncy
Lieut. Colonel,
Ross R Ihrie,
Major.
Wm F Green,
Captains
Samuel T Stancill, a Oscar M Neal,
Chris G Love,
William McRae,
Wm S Corbitt,
Wiley Perry, jr,
Ken Murchison,
Jas J Jackson,
Jno R Stockai d,
Turner W Battle.
Devid ihompsoii, it
Henrv A Dowd, i
V,' S Harris, l
Wm II Ballard, e
Wm L London, m
Second Lie u te u ants.
m ' 1CK, A
ll. M
c Daniel G Hardin, c
B Leander A Helms, b
i Robert P Jerome, b
e David Latimore, d
f (i R Hardin,
0 Ikansom S Harris, e
il Henrv C Kearney, s
1 Robert B Smith. v
Gray v Hammond, k Samuel D Pipkins, f
Algernon S Perry, i, Wm II Yarboro, j,
John W Taylor, it J N II Clendenhan,H
first Lieutenants, Fred Phillips, i
J Manning, jr, Adjt, John J Reid, x
Wm T Gay, K G Cleudenin, h
John N Nicholson, c R Sugar, " i
Thos II Meaus, b Thos H Grifiiu, k
II D Cabiness, d Ricks M Pearce, l
MeunethMMcNeiI,F James R Randolph.A
(To be Qontin.ued.)
Amlerson's divisions,
Jackson's command (exclu
sive of Early, who remained
at Fredericksburg)
Early's division,
Cavalry and artillery,
13,000
21,000
G.000
C.OCO
46,000
the real h r.t. t thit i;itm rb!e ' V2lh of
M iv.
64,00
52,000
26.000
42,000
47,CCO
57,000
50,000
10,000
4G,0u0
5000
Total,
Gettysbure, July 18G3.
Infantry. 55,000; cavalry
and artillery, 9,000.
Wilderne'ss, May 1SG4. Sec
ond day. May G.
Infantry, 42,000; cavalry
and artillery, about 10,000, "
Ou the first day Long
street's command, Ander
son's division.And Johnston's
brigads of Ewell's corps, were
all absent, leaving us for the
battle of May 5th, infantry,
less than.
Second Cold Harbor, Juno
3d, 1&G4.
Infantry,
(Onr losses at the Wilder
ness, Spotsylvania Court
House, etc., having been
made up by the addition of
Pickett's, Brockeuridge's and
Hoke's divisions, and Finue
gan's brigade.)
On June 5, Breckenridge's
division sent back to the val
ley. Its strength.
On June 12th, EwelPs
corps, about,
Detached under Early with
two battalions of artillery.
The last returns of the ar-
i my made before we left Pe
tersburg and Richmond gave
the effective
We left Petersburg, April
1st, 18G5, with less than
At the surrender at Appo
mattox Court House we had
in line of battle 8,000 men.
The enemy claimed to havo
paroled 20,000- effectives,,
stragglers, etc.
I am, with rcat respect.
Yours very trulv,
CHAS. S. VENABLE,
L.ate Lt. Col. and A. I). C. to (Jen. Lcr.
2,500
8,000
Total,
Of these
there were on the
Held
May.
o
f Seven Pines, 31ot
D; TENNnssiiE; axd
Geu. Bragg'rt army at Mur
free.sboro, Di-c. 3 1st.
1 itJ.
Geu. Pemberton's army
about Vick.sburg, May 1st,
Gen. Pemberton's army in
bat t hi of linker's Creek, May
Troops assembled under
my com maud in Mississippi,
after the investment of
Vieksbtirg, 21,000 infantry.
2. 700. c.i .dry,
Army of Tennessee at Dal
tou, Jan 2th, 31,700 infan
try and artillery, 2,300 cav
alry, Army o Tennessee, May
1st, 40,461 infantry and artil
lery, 2,400 cavalry
Army of Tennessee, July
JOvi. 41,656 infantry and ar
tillery, 9,971 cavalry.
19,000
70,000
54,000
S3IPPJ,
33,000
2.000
41
I.I:K.S LAST ( AMIMKiX.
23,000
17, 00ft
2C,70Q
34,000
42,8ol
oO
,627
In Noivrii Cauolina.
At Bentonsville, March
10th, 14,000 infantry, 1,000
cavalrv, At Smithfield, April. 10th,
19,500 infantry and artillery,
5.000. cavalrv,"
Most respectfully vours.
J. E. JOHNSTON.
15,000
24,500
UxiVEESITr OF Vir.OINIA, (
Di.'ceuiber 26, 1870. J
Prof. G. F. Holmes
J IX tr Sir: In compliance with
your request to give you my recollection
of the effective force of the Armv of North-
en at
eru Virg'nia, in the various
t i 1 r
in wnicn n was engaged unuer Lieu. iyt- s.
command, I have drawn U the table be
low, after u comparison of my own esti
mates and recollections with those of my
comrade. Col. Walter II. Taylor, Aid-de-Caiup
to Gen. Lee, and A. A. G. of the
Army of Northern Virginia from June
1862, to the close of the war. These rec
ollections have been compared with those
of Private Thomas W. White, of the 17th
Virginia regiment, detailed for clerical du
ty at the head-quarters of tho army, who
was distinguished tor his faithfulness and
accuracy in making out the field returns.
Battles around Richmond, beginning
25th June 18132,
Effective infantry, 70,000 ;
cavalry and artillery, 7.00J;
total, 7",OJ0 men.
Of this force there were in
the battle of Gaines' MUi
(first Cold Harbor), about 50,000
Second Manassas (Grove
ton), August 30, Our forces
consisted of the following
commands ;
Jackson's, 16 00ft "
Longstreet's, 15.0J0 "
Anderson's, 6,500 44
Cavalry and aitillerv, o, J) )
A Touching IScooilootion of South
ern Vnlor niul Devotion.
At a meeting of the Virginia Division of
the survivors of tho Army of Northern Vir
ginia, Col. Venable made substantially the
following address, the report of which we
take from the Richmond Dispatch :
When in the early days of May, 1864,
Grant crossed the river with 1-10,000 men,
Gen. Lee could command lesn than 52,000
of all arms, and yet he boldly marched to
attack Lint, having in hand "when he first
struck Grant's column, only 26,000 men.
Ho gave a vivid picture of the battle- on
the plank road, fought on the, evening of
of May 5th, between Wilcox's and Heth's
divisions of A. P. Hill's corps, when (un
der the immediate eye of Gen. Lee) this
heroic band of only 10,000 beat back the
40,000 with which Hancock made repeated
assaults upon them.
He also spoke of Ewell's splendid suc
cess on the old turnpike, where, with 16,
000 men, ho had driven back Warren's
coii)s, and illustrated the unexpected bold
ness of Gen. Lee's strategy by quoting tho
remark of Gen. Meade when the columns
came in collision : "They have left a di
vision to fool iv here while they concen
trate and prepare a position on the North
Anna- ; and what I want is to prevent
these fellows from getting back to Mine
Run."
He vividly pictured the battle of the
next morning, when Hill's two divisious,
which had become aware that they were o
be relieved by Longstreet, and we were
not in the best fighting trim, were violent
ly assaulted before Longstreet come up.and
a portion of tlem had been forced back
several hundred yards, when Longstreet's
men double-quicked a mile and a lalf, and
went into the fight with the wildest cheer
ing and enthusiasm. He gav the correct
i version of that splendid historic incident
J of Gregg's. Texas brigade (musing in their
advance as they saw their loved liader go
ing into the fight, and vociferating "Go
back General Lee ; go back General Lee;"
and told how confidence was restored at
once to Hill's brave men, the whole line
swept forward, the Hank attack was made,
battles I and Hancock was driven back in confusion
tie s iid that !:: v A to the q::c-t:n fre
quently aked Alty Gen. Lacm uI the (Soy
eminent no telegram about the battle of:
the 12th, that ho did send telegram thM
evening.
He then sketched tho further progress oi
the campaign by which Lee lodcd Grant
at the North Anna, paw Lim a cvuslung
defeat at Cold Harbor, and finally forced
him'to lay siege to Petersburg, which ho
might have done at the 1 beginning of tho
campaign without the loss of a tingle mail.
This narrative is inters crsed with touch
ing and valuable historic incidents, whiuh
we regret our want of tpaco will not allow
us to give ; but this will all doubtUsH bo
published iu full, and will give the future
historian invaluable material.
His summing up was as follows :
He had not designed to give a review,,
but only a few incidents of the campaign.
But a few more general statements of this
greatest campaign of that army would not
be out of place. On the 4th of May four
radiatni invading columns out simul
taneously for the conquest of Virginia.
The old State, which had for three jtaw
known little else save the tramp ot wnied
legions, was now to be closed in by a eirclo
of fire from the mountains to the seaboard.
Through the Southwestern mountain
passes ; through the gates of tLo lower .
valley: from the battle-scarred vales of tho
Rappahannock; from the Atlantic sealoard
to the waters of the James, came the ser
ried hosts on field and llood, numbering
more than 275,000 men (included in thia
number also reinforcements neut du
ring the campaign. ) No troops were ever
more thoroughly equipped, or supplied
with a more abundant commissariat. For
the heaviest columns transports were rea
dy to bring reinforcements to atiy one of
three convenient deep-water passes A o
qui.i Creek, Port Royal iuuI the White
House.
The column next in importance had ita
deep-water base within nine mil- of a vi
tal point in our defenses. In the cavalry
arm (so importunt in a eampuigu iu a coun
try like ours i they boasted overwhelming
strength. The Confederate forces in Vir
ginia, or wluch could be drawn to its de
fense from other points, numbered not
more than 75,000 men. Yet our gn at cui
mander with steadfast heart, committed
our cause to tho Lord of battles, calmly
nude his disposition to meet the shock of
the invadie.g hosts. Iu sixty days tho
great inva-ioii lutd dwindled to u siege of
Petersburg ! riiih-s from deep water by the
main eoluie.u, which, "shaken iu its struc
ture, its vulor quenched in blood, and
thousand of its ablest officers killed or
wounded, was tho Army of the Potomac no
roortf."'
Mingled with it iu the lines of Peters
burg lay the men of the second colnum
for the last forty days of the campaign had
been held in ingb.iiotis action at Bermu
da Hundreds by Rvau regard, rxcept when
a portion that wn sent to share the defeat
of June IM on the Chicuhominy, while thrt
third and fourth columns, fo led at Lynch
burg, werr wandering iu disorderly re
treat through tlw mount liu of Went Vir
ginia, entiii ly out of t lit ;.ra ti military
operations,
Lee hail m nit his work- at Pcteirdmrg
impregnable to assault, and had a move
able column of hi army within two dav's
march of the Inderal capital. He had
made a campaign unexampled iu tho hid.,
tory of deli nsive warfare.
Colonel Venabl'j ootid u led his noble
address us follows:
"My comrade", I feel that 1 li.ivo given.,
but a feeble picture of thii grand period
I in the Inwtory of this time of trial of our
beloved South a Imtory which is a great
! gift of (tod, and which we l.iu-t hand
i down as a holy heritage to our ehildien,
' not to ti-fii them to cherish a spirit of
j bitterness or a love of war, but to show
; them that their fathers bor th mo! vch
I worthily in light, when to do battle became
' a s.icre.J . ity. Hem:.? history i the liv
! ifir soul oi' ,i nations renown. When tho.
i trave'iei in Switz.-t land beholds the m n
; ument to tho thirteen hundred bravo
mountaineers who met the overwhelming
hosts of tle ir proud invaders, and as ho
read in their epitaph: Vh fell unron
quered, but wearied with victory, giving
their souls to (tod, and their bodies to
their euemies"; or when ho visits tuo pla
ces fcA.-rcd to the myth of Williacu Tell,
transplanted by pious, patriotic friend
from thesaes of another pop V, to inspire
the youth of that mountain laud with a
I it r-il f txraiit-t nd a love of heroic
I , . 1... ,..............., ...
wonderful monument Thurwaldsen, on tho
thori-K of Lake Lucerne, i i c nuu mora
tion of the fidelity in death of the Sivis
Guard cf Louis X.VI a co!o-al lion, cut
out of the liviug rook, pierced by a fatal
javelin, and yet iu death protoo'rig tho
lil v of France with his paw m asl; him
self how many men of the nation, of thu
world have been inspired with h loioof
freedom by the monuments and htroeo
fctores of little Switzerland ?
"Comrades, we need cot wcjvo any fa
ble borrowed from Scandinavian lore into
the w xf of onr history to in.-pire our
youth with admiration of gloriou ibedn
iu fre-d r.n'n butth' d'-r.n. In th truo
cry ..f t'ds armv of N..rt!icrw Virgiuin,
vihii h h i I d Iti AT'um hot eouqtl.-rd,
but w.u d with vrtory, yoi h.vo a
cord of deeds of valor, o h'ili r-.. ti?
cration to li;ty, an 1 f t thfuite s in.:..ifi
which wili teach our ho.. an 1 our mi;'
sonu how to die for liberty.. Let u seo oj
it that it shall bo tr.moutu 1 to them.
Colonel Veuable's very i rt 1 1 rest.'- a.l
(AntieL mi),
Totil,
Sharpeburg,
Sept. 17, ls62.
Infantry, 2.,000 ; cavalry
and artillery, 8,000 ; total,
Fredericksburg, Dec. 13,
1562.
Infantry, 50,500 ;
and artillery 8,000 ; total.
Of this force not quite one
third was actually engaged.
Chancellorsville, Mav 3,
18G3.
In fan t r v . McLa; i al
cavalry
42.500
37.0X)
05.
that would probably have resulted in ut
ter rout but for the unfortunate wounding
of Longstreet iust at this juncture.
He then told the story of Grant's fiank
movement to Spotsylvania Court-House,
and how splendidly Stuart with his caval
ry (assisted by part of Anderson's infantry)
held in eheck'ovcrwhelming numbers un
til General Lee got into position.
He then gave an account of the repulse
of Hancock by Heth's division under Early,
in its attempt to turn Lee's flank, aud the
terrible repulse which Kershaw's and
Field's divisions crave the enemy iu their
! repeated attacks on their lines, even though
j the odds against them were fully five t.;
on:?. He gave striking ino;dets -tnv-ting
the heroism of our men iu t!ie e ii'iit -.
He give? the account of the breaking of
Rhodes' lines ou the 10th, and tells of the
gallant stylo in which they retook them,
under the eye and in the immediate pres
ence of General Lee, whom the troops
again begged to go to the rear.
He crave the details of the disaster to
' Johnston's division on the memorable 12th i dress was iec-.uved with freo ;ent b ph of
j of May (exonerating that noble old Roman i applause from the audience; and -t du
i from all blame), by which we lost three j ring the whole of it th decorum o; served
j thousand prisoners and eighteen pieces f 1 was remarkable. His touch. ng i i .li-ju
I artillery ; and told of the .-otieiidid eour. g to ti p est j-rvic'? of the g ill ut A uy of
I bv which a new line just ia t ie rear wai Isoiii. u V'irgin'a dr-v fort fi t x .: .: rjx
formed, against which the blue wave nor!y t v.-ry 't -.r.el v, L- ii4 - .. q . -utlj
dashed in vain. r?ei,i-.i t o-iiei. ic i.mb ! . . i f ul
lie gave an incident of the refuvd r I . fu.- of t,ie South his voiU cj g.eeted
Harris' Mississippi brigade to go into the ; with enthusiastic applause. Nowund tatu
fight with General Lee, and brought out j a humorous incident of the c ifupatgn tho
the point that this incident occurred ticver- i last s:xtv davs of the war us recited br
at times in this campaign, and that Gei
I Lee when written to after the war about
; it, only mentions one (in reply to a direct
question) so modest and unpretending
was he, tlxat such incidents were regarded
' by him as of minor importance,
j He claimed that while others did most
i noble service, Rodi and Ramcev were
ColoDel Venable, icitt d the i i ilulitits of
the audience, and the next mom nt he car
ried his hearers through somo of the mot
solemn and impressive km iuhoI tiioe last
days of battle, and the:, laughter wis tho a
almost turned into bobijib..

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