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NEWBERN, N. C FEB. 4, 1S74. OUlcial Organ of the X. V. Hranch Soutlicrn Historical Socio! J. Agents. Wilmington -Ci. N. HAKTltS. Fsq. Xe'rhrrh.- JAMES P. MORRIS, Esq. Snlisbury.M. A. SMITH. EQ. Xnetm -L. I ERWIN. Iso. Charlotte. PR F. II ' 2YV 7viM5o.-A. T KtNNF.m.Fso, OnVlrboroT.. EQ. Tarbo-o.-U. M. WILLIAMS, ESQ, ir5on. J. R. ALLEN. Esq Greiisbnro.-C.. W. OGB0RN, Esq. The aVf"are duly authonze to act as otir sweats. Theh-receipt for subsmption and ad vertising will be recognized. OCB LlVlSO AD OUB DEAD, ft weekly newspaper, devoted specially to the VVnr T?aJr,l nf North .Carolina, is published in Newbern, N. C, every Wednesday, at er from forigu importation, or the pro duct of her own farms, mines, factories and shops, I do not believe -were equalled, certainly were not exceeded, by any other State. So too, no troops were more or derly, or better disciplined, or furnished more instances of distinguished bravely, and daring intrepidity. I heard myself a distinguished soldier from a sister State, who had men from different States under his command, confess to me without grud ging, that our men made the best troops that he ever went to battle with. "JSot, said he, "that they were any braver, but they were more subordinate and took all thcniinutia of discipline with more docili ty and patience." Truly a high compli ment and a characteristic description of our people. Now, it is to gather up the stories of all these things, from private and official pa pers, from the memories of soldiers, sail or? and citizens, officers and privates, men nd women, that the mntenal may i?e rrs. Though it be mv present lot to ex- May 10 We were attacked in our en " . i i i i .k a iii f ; perlence oue of th most bitter fortunes of j war, that of captivity, how many have been cut off forever by the leaden mes sengers of death, or the inexorable bolts of pestilence, from family, friends and sacred homes. lIISS. Vll . rchn will solicit subscrip- f no oue mistake the trntb tions and forward names, not less than Ave with the money, a commission of 10 percent, will be allowed. Commissions to regular agenrs i.t jn i- " Kern nfR-.t small amounts by sending the money in i.n-rfis r.cr Kates (per men in n fill nnr iilinnm. air.ri'tifinim nftvnblr. in nil cnPOfl, in I , nf honest liistoiiau. advance, and no paper coutnned longer . . Society Let 1 "U'VU It is not for the purpose of keeping alive any of the . prejudices engendered oy the war, or feed ing the feeling of resistance to the govern ances to be made by Drafts, Tost ment. No such fee':n,? 1 am quite sure, am Monev Order, by Express, or in mated any of onr distinguished soldiersand eivillians who irauguratcii wc movemeiu. Our honor is now pledged to an acquies cence iu the arbitration which we ourselves of solid minion tvpe.) one inch, one week, $1 ; live weeks. t5 ; three months, $7.50; onequnr ter column (five inches) one month $10 ; three months, $23. Tho large issue of Ors Liviso and Ot'P. Dead, it start 8 with fifteen hundred, and tho fact that it circulates already in every county in North Carolina, and will in manv sections of the south, outside of this'Sbite, make It a most excellent me dium, probablv the very best, for the ad vertiser. As our rates will be revised ev ery three months and made to accord with our subscription list, no advertisement for a longer period will be taken. Onr published rates will be strictly adhered to. aT See general advertisement for pre miums, Address, STEPHEN D. rOOL. juy 2. Newborn, N. C. DIARY OF A COXFEDEKATK OF FICE F. As a most valuable addition to the ma terial we have already published connected with the grett campaign of 1801, commen cing in May of that year, we begin to-day extracts from a diary kept by an officer ou the staff of Gen. S. D. Bamseur. Like everything emanating from the pen of our correspondent, this diary of events will be found to Jbe admirably written, and each reader of Orrt Livinu and Orn Dead will join us in returning thanks to the writer for giving his consent to its publication. The diary was written during captivity, while a prisoner of war in Fort Delewar-, from rough notes made during the cam paign, while the events detailed wore fresh. In all things pertaining to his own command, and in nil the particulars which come under his own eye, those who know the author and recognize him in what we publish, will not Lesitute to give entire credence to all that ho has written ; nor referred to the sword. No sane or patri otic mau amongst us desires any change in the existing rrder tf things, except such as may be legitimately wrought by the peaceful meaus of the ballot at the invitation of the Constitution. Nor do we desire by means of this Society to prove that we were right and our JXormern brethren wrong, in this ill-fated quarrel. This question may be safely left to other hands. But we do desire, and desire enr nestly, to prove to the wor'd by the col lection of facta, that that which we under took to do, we did Co, manfully and well, in good fai'li to our associates, without cruelty to our enemies, witli all the cour ngc of true soldiers and all the chivalry of honest manhood. So that should onr children ever come to disapprove 111 judgment, they shall nt hast not be ashamed of the gallant bearing and devo ted suffering of thdr fathers, in a hopeless cause. hftate pride has always been wanting iu North Carol na. To indulge in it has al ways been considered by our people as im modest. Thia is wrong. We should eher- ish above all tilings mo tieeus aim j nuc Vl-inter homes, were a-rra:ii memory of an honest ancestry as th highest incentive and the brightest exam ples to our children. We owe it to onr m;!vcs who survive, and especially to o ir brothers who died, to keep alive thp recol lection of their virtues. North Carolina On the 2nd day of May, 1861, the Bri gade to which I am attached, (as Chief of Staff,) then commanded by Brig. Gen. S. D. Bamseur, broke up winter quarters near Orauge C. H., and moved down the Rapid Anna, a stream dividing the coun ties of Orange and Culpepper, either side of which had been respectively picketed, by the two armies during the entire winter. On that day, the quiet which had so long and agreeably prevailed was unbroken. May 3rd Evidences of uneasiness, upon the part of the enemy, were apparent ear ly in tho morning, and dining the day, immense wagon tr.iins were visible from the eminences moving circnitously to onr right, a sure prognostic thit Grant, who had been elevated to the stra-ordinary rntik'of Lieut. General and assigned to the command of tho Aimy of tho Potomac, was on the eve of inaugurating that Kei,t campaign upon which tho yankeo press and public, with blatant exultation, were building such extravagant expectations tf success. May 4th Further evidences., such as the sn oko of distant tires, indicatirg the burning of winter quarters, etc., and the reduction of th; picket lines in our front, increase the certainty that the enemy is on the move for sorun of the lower foros of the river, with a view to crossing. Gen. Lee, with that wonderful military presci ence which enables him to anticipate the designs of his adversary, has already put j tho army in motion in that direction, but our brigade is ordered to remain and guard Morton's Ford, in order to prevent the possibility of a demonstration in our rear. May 5th The enty being found this morning to have entirely disappeared from our front, the brigade proceeded at once in tho wake of the rest of the army. En route, the sullen booming of artille.-y and the rattle of musketry in the distance, an nounced that the cnenit had renly effected , crossing at Germana Ford in verwhel miug force, (which subsequent lights jus tify us iu estimating at nearly 200,000 men of all arms of nervier) and that hostilities had usually commenced that the carni val of blood had again set in, and that the passions and excitements, and horror. of t-trife, which had slept through many months of quiet within the bosoms of our to burst, forth in all their di nio.iiac f.iry. On reaching a point iu what is known as the "Ydd rness of Spottsylvani i classic sud bloody ground since those and the days ef Char.erUorsville some G miles be yond Locust Grove, the partial scene of trenchments by the enemy, who were ulti mately rep uls td with immense slaughter, their dead strewing the ground for acres. At one time their heavily massed columns succeeded in breaking throngh a salient on tn? right of the position held, by our brigade and occupied by Daniel'fa and DoW brigades, and. rushing through the KJ " breach thus made with an impetuous on- . set, for a few moments poured a dreadful fire into the rear and flank of those bri gades. It was a crisis of dreadful sus pense and, for a brief interval, tne worst fears prevailed. The excellent piactice of our artillery, however, and the prompt ar rival of this brigade and other troops at the point of dauger, soou turned the tide, and the briefly jubilant foe, inflamed with momntary success and whiskey were hurled, ns by a thunderbolt, hack to thir own lines, with a fearful penalty npou their temerity. Maj. James Iredell, my fellow townsman and college classmate, wa killed iu this affair and the same night, by the lightof a torch end beneath the silence of the stars, I assisted iu committing his body to a soldier's rude grave, mark.ng the "spot for the future identification of his relatives and friends. May 10 Heavy skirmishing. May 12 -Great battle of SpotUylvania C. II." At a very early hour of the morn ing, long ere, Tbc heavenly bariiCFbcd team Began hie yellow progreb in the Last, Grant attacks our lines with densely mussed columns, frequently five and six lines deep, at first owing to the thickness of the fog and the suddenness of the on set, breuking ovr a part, capturing sev- rral thousand men of joimsons uivimoh, vnd communicating a temporary panic to other portions of the field. Confidence, however, was soon restored, officers and nun alike appreciating the necessity of retaking the captured lines to prevent gen eral disaster. I shall never forget the scene of confusion that immediately suc ceeded this abiupt success of the enemy's demonstration. The scattered fugitives, the mingled shouts of enquiry and of up prehension, tlie multitudinous voices of command and eutrt-aty.ihe laces of anxiety and dismay, the cries of the wounded aud the perpetual fuilades of musketry, made ii) a (out cnecmUG of the wildest charac ter, which the obscuring miis of moruin tended to intensify ud exaggerate. Now ii was that tliir, brigads? was called up'-n Roanoke Island. J niMons, ol wiucti tne ConrelcraeTi.tod in Col &. D. roof. Editor of "Our Living ; snch great need. Our progre, neCf; ardOur Dead." Kr 'n"!' ? ' 7? mrniu e.Tn vonr issue of the 7th inst. yon . (teb. tb) we heard tho firt g ns aa , Appeal to the"surviving officers of the 8th I ran within twenty miles of th and 31st N. C. regiments at'd the detached when apprehending that th enemy ;i companies on service there" (Roanoke ls latwtt for information concerning its cap- ! ture. Although not properly falling with- K.. -...:.. n a i rp:' resent in tne scope oi me iuhi 1 n-ither reciment named, ana no ucu companies nevertheless as the senior offi cer o' a battalion which sustained in less than fifteen minutes as heavy loss, to the best of my recollection, ns did any other organization present in the two day's fighting, I consider it their due that I shonld waive false modesty aud likewise submit a report. As the loss of that Island was intrinsi cally the greatest disaster which had be fallen our government up to that time ow ing to the consequences aud reaiilt which followed in its truiu, it is natural that all who were there should wish to taud right vrrrd and carrv no creuter load V A mi V of respon hosts micht have n.ised our h.itt. .. which case the transports would fall ta easy prey if in -sit?lit I left theta win, or. ders that if I did not return by a certain j hour that night, they were to lauj at.,i make the best of their way to the iuU-rir With Lieut. B. P. Williamson I tlau pro. ceeded down in ihe steamer to r-rcon:.(l;ttf Found that our batteries were LoM.r.g thtfin iu check and that a lively firing Wfit going on at long range between the ?ua. boats. Officer ou the beach informed i-a that we were holding our ground great er.se on the interior of the is'.au, tl.e musketry of wLich was very brik ai, 1 ,i;f. tiirctly heard. Startiug back to the rnu. maud ac soou as tho condition of afti ( was ascertained, we reached it about dark and immediately started back with it. After getting within about ten miles f sibilitv than to their sharo pro- ! the Island, it being exceedingly dark,!, -i s. perly devolves. In setting ourselves right i terous and rainy, the fellcw lUtis (I thu "1 shall naught extenuate nor set down aught in malice" of others. It was my luck then and pride ever since, to be a "Carolinian"; aud consequently was do -baired the glorious privilegs of exculpa ting myself by criminating thonsands of a good or bt-tter men, wSio had the iu.b fortune to come from tho wrong side of the Roanoke. But I refrain from State personalities. It were as unjust to hold .... the "old Dominion responsible xor iiie .sickening rhodomontade of her handful of new fledged braves on that oc;auon, an it would be to make the 2,500 men from a sister State responsible for the blunders aud consequences it politico-mimary that wan h s name) informed me tLat Lt had entirely loft his reckon in;, at...a in shallow water aud was nppn hensnf t running ugroui:d. Owing to the iULv which that would occ ision, I resolved ic luctautly to await da light in orJi r h t f. feet a lamling. Shorlly atti rart!snli U;.j, were startled by the near ippioach, rnjarr a full head of bteam, of home h x or t ph: gunboats coming from the di:tvtn! (,f 9 Island. Being diiectly in their putii ti.ry comw near running iu down, a I o r dered all lights to bo cxtinmiuslud. A soon as it was ascertained ty the kj-arki that they were our twn boats and tlfy approached near enough, I huile I t! m, . e ...... t . T ... 1 I. .... . 1 r... 1 ... mismanagement. It seems to Oe one or . bcareeiy cu n-ci uu.umi ' s-,-u "4 u ,-,.u., the iuex -rable laws of war, however, that stating our condition, il Ui- ro pi. si .-. the glory of victory shall be shared by j heaid it certainly us n t heeded. V4 i. r.-. !,. inmmnv o! defeat lv the : after wards learned t hat t hey met the via..; ... .i . ..ii : .... I ruany. While npprceiHiing mo full 111) port of the. French motto, "Qui & 'xvu.ic, s'acevfic" I ditcinim all sense of injustice done by any to my individual coinmaud. If it w.re not invidious to others, 1 might b pardoned the reproduction ui the published .statement of Dr. Shepherd eon of the Uiehmopd Dispatch who amongst the captured. "11." id h-, 'tiie rest of the trooj a had behave! as weli ia M:ii 11 ill mid his v. kter batteil . o: - Col. a:-d hi- brav, fate of Coiifcderuto gunho.iis. They r burned the folio; iug mvauiugat Kii2.i.kia City. A- soou as a landing could be made next liioruiagau 1 asniu ui.tioti distt i i!t 1, st- niu'ched !J tiie cuiiloof the n'limr t'u,- ouel in iiu'uie .Kite command (tin- ( ..?. manding (K'iwrji having tub.iiIed i.-.t he:uipiartei s o.i tiie iaa;nla:id, ui Nas Head.) Ill', Cl. Siiaw'.-i c imp, lay inti rmc i;; 4,e is nearer one great family than any oilier , tiut.'rt abortive Mine linn op. rations of American State : tho census thows that j , ,,,.,.,.,,,1:1. vear. the first mj of con- . ...... j .. O . r she has the smallest admixture of foreign j tjjct U(g:U, to meet our g;;ze. ?.!any of our 1 population. The names and the bl.)od in oVi n woU.,ded, and huge numbers cf the j one eoui.lv will l)t? lomui Uio saint n..me, ,vn,,T1(iP,i Rn.l natives ol tlie (M' luy, wer and blood of nearly every other county. I we doubt that where he relied upon the .av onen nouct-u - .... - witli the people in me uinen-ui Mi-nnna can information of others he was very careful to receive the very best and most credible statements attainable. A3 we advance in our work, onr publication becomes to us, and we doubt not to every reader, more and more interesting the events become more stirring the details more exciting ; And the bloody drama more thrilling ; while North Carolina and her sons begin tc assum-? a prominent and distinguished position in the picture which tho scenery presents. GOV. VAXCFS AftDKESS. To the Sorlli Carolina Soldiers and Sailors of the Intc War: It is known to m'st of you that there has recently been organized a Southern Historical Society, for the purpose of gath ering up, for preservation, th" principal incidents of the Great Civil War. State Societies have also been organized in each Southern State as auxilliarie? to the parent institution, the Vice-President of the one being cx-ojficio President of the other. Having been honored by the office of Pres ident of the North Carolina Auxiliary So ciety, which is now regularly organized, it becomes my pleasing duty to solicit your aid and co-operation in promoting its ob jects. If the history of that great struggle were properly and truthfully written, I do not think that any State would have less v.o neiiompil nf nr more of which ehe Uv uouin- v w oould honestly boast, than North Carolina. Steadfast and conservative in her opinions, she was driven hy the force of circumstan ces, into the war, against the will of many ol her citizens and the xleliberato judg ment of a still greater number. A sense of honor and devotion to her Southern sisters made her placs herself in the ranks of the South, and manly faith and high courage kept her there until the last. Once in the contest, her best blood and noblest ener gies were unceasingly put forth. Her mus ter rolls will show that, first ami last, she put into the service about 119,000 men out of a population of G30,000 whites. I have no means of knowing with accuracy the proportion of these which perished on the Held or in hospital, but know from cotein poraneous publications, that on many of - the Virginia battle-fields where they most ly served, it was larger than from any other Btajte, and in some general engagements, " exceeded the losses of all other States com bined. If auy other sut(i aid bitter iLuu this-r I do not know it. The cemeteries all over that battle-ridden land are eloquent of the same sad story. The material aid iurnhdied to the troop. in tho field, wheth- . . -i the State. The honor ol a gooa souuer is therefore dear to us all, not only as a countryman, but us a kinsman, too. With these views I earnestly invite each one who feels an interest in the subject to commit to writing his recollections of the wr; campaigns, iucidents, battles ami adventures, of himself and others, and ad dress them to rne or the Secretaries of our Society, Col. S. I). Pool, Newbern, or M ij. Seaton (rales, Raleigh. Let no m .n think himself 01 his incident too humble for notice. The smallest skirmish may throw lirrht on a great battle, and the death ot a poor comrade, ft told by you may thrill the heart of some relative fifty years from the time of your wiiting it. The facts i-nd incidents wo wish are last perishing, and if you would help preserve them you must do it quickly. With grateful recollections of the past, I am sincere! v. your fellow citizen. " Z. 33. VANCE, iWdt., N. C. Auxiliary Society. Vrcm tho Piaryof a Confederate Officer. Experiences Willi Army in Virginia &c. Campaign oI"18G4. "Of raoHt disastrous chancoa; Of moving accitlentH, by flood and Held, Of hah breadth 'tiares i' tho imminent daIly breach: Of b. iug taken by the insolent fc, And eold to slavery; of my redemption theuce. And 'portance in travel's liiHtory.' Moor of Venice, Act I, Sc. III. In the double hope of dispelling the in tolerable nmwi which broods, like an in cubus, ovtr the life of a prisoner of war and often drags down his spirit to the low est point of depression, and of makiug a record of events which my children, in after years, may read with pride, and in terest, and affectionate sympathy, I com mence, ou this 23rd day of November, 18G1, within the frowning walla of the military prison of Fort Deleware, tho work of writing out the notes which have accu mulated ou my hands since the com mencement, in May last, of the gigantic camnaisu of the present year not yet ter minated, and signalized, already, by an ) amount 01 Hiauguier uuu utisuwu which profane history affords no parallel. And as I momentarily recall, those varied wonderful aud thrilling eveats, and sur vey, in mental retrospection, the incidents and accidents of the year, the battles, seiges, marches, exposures, the victories and disasters, my personal perils and Trovidential deliverances, I am filled with gratitude to the great Dispenser of all rood, that He has in mercy spared my unworthy Yxie amid such and so great don- 1 being brought to the itar, aud tne man gled dead were profusely scattered around. The enemy pressing forward, confident of surprise and success, Lad been nif t aud brilliantly repulsed by A. P. Hill's and a portion of Kwcli's corps, th.mks to the wondrous military genius and intuitiou of our consummate leader, aud the tlaunths intrepidity of our gallant trjops. The en emy's I s in this encounter was tremen dous and fearful, and the victorious lir.st fruits of the campaign were lavishly pour ed by Providence into the lap of Confed erate prowes:', (Jen. Lee is described as having led a charge in person on this memorable day, awakening tin intensest ardor and enthusiasm among his tioops. Of course, we arrived too late to partici pate u this engagement. In a part of the field fell this day, my friend and connec tion, Walker Anderson, Ordnance omcer of Cooke's brigade, shiiu while at the front with ammunition for the command. He lived and died a Christian gentleman. l-Etli.c non solum claritaic eitcc srd stiam ojport imitate mortis." .iy q We lay iu line of battle this day in momentary anticipation of a renew al of the conflict but naught but severe skirmishing, on our part of the line, en sued until a late hour of the night wheu 1 this brigade made a dasn against the poi Lion held by Bumside's 9th Corps, driving it pell-mell, to the utter abandonment of arms, knapsacks, blankets and other spoil. In this Corps were several cum- to "lead a charge, which was made with a decision and an c(an thnt ha immortali zed it in the Armv of Northern Virginia, and which has ev 11 bet n celebrated in Ei: r ii:in n riinsiihiUiit'.' accounts of the doing and deeds of dating of this fearful da v. lining as one man, with bayonets n chareir, and with a yell that rent the very conclave th lines rushed forward. Thro' the lifting fog the stars and st.iipes wvre seen waving over the captured works Hiid the ghttt r.ng steel of the foeman in sen ltd 1 halanx nrinyed. Het die? s of the tleepgajs made iu their rank", a3 they weie plowed by the merciless missies of death, and deaf, as it were, to the shrieks of thing and wouuded comrades ns thuk and fat they fell, onward pressed that j gallant line of In roes onward over all in tervening obstach s onward thro hi-stug shot and screaming shell onward towards the already waveriug enemy onward after their now broken columns onnard into ihe regained intrer.chments onward to MCToiw ; and then, with shout after shout which distant friendr,, watching tho result with inens st e.igeruess, repented aud the hills aud valleys re-echoed, once agaiu the battle cross of stars was planted on the t .imparts! Several abortive efforts were made by the enemy snbsequuntly during the day to retake the position, but they were each time easily aud effectively re pulsed. All along the lines the engage ment was general throughout the long, Io ig day, but I can onl.v pretend to de serib?thti part enacted by my own brigade in the terrible and bloody drama. Its losses were heavy and conspicuous, and many of its best and bravest spirits feel that, day to rise no more until the trumpet of the Resurrection morn shall summon them before the great Ca) fain ! Nor shall I essy to paint the sau- gumary horrors of the field, the scenes of j wild, tumultuous, diabolic strife. This I have attempted 111 previous description, and in its general incidents aud concomi tants oue greatbattle is liko every other. I shall only say that the enemy was re pulsed at all poiuts; and that, while our own loss was severe, that of tho yankees tras from the very nature of the conflict, immeasurably greater; and that night, most welcome visitant, found us with our m 1 ! . lloanoke is- . oet wt 1 11 t lie po hl t j ai.Uii.g au.i nu h' land would be in ,ur posses-ion t.i.s day. J o c nilet. levelling H, wu i.u.r.j I quoe from memory, and wdl oiny add our di-may that Ihe lufititry hud s.hat. i-i.i f-.Mimctiou that if ti.eie was any doued tiie position winch t.iey had fa panic there that day, of which I have no evidence, it whs 1101 share iu by the '2nd and N. C. Battalion. That command was composed of troops from Nonh Cirol;n , Vm,in;a ai d tit 01 gia, and wos mustered dirtctiy into the service ot the Coufeder.de States, instead of coming through tho tState intermediate ly as did, I believe, all the titer it -gi men tal oiganizaiions. There were live compa nies from tiie first named, commanded re sueciivelv by Capt. Allee, of Mdioi, atnvjiuj 1o ma.idui 1, tl;at point. liinsi .1:1 i moor compe fallen l itl Ij 1 the adiiM-; that we f."nd no men ui de retelling 1 In it ; but v n 1 1 i t eli'.h ;ru r.pcn of lstte:n apathy, appui a a ilts'ive to P.ttt , the Vital le nj ' f 1 1 :.!.!'.... ol sin renoer. l inac a simple niay.i.i. .i of fact, ami h-ae it toothtrs tt) settle t:.t tpie.tion of iop 1 1 s i 1 1 1 i i t y . Toe r..ii:i .1: J iile should certainly not be held ii siblc th.tt ranks ;re tuttUen ami eii . r. -f;..i.;..., c.,.i, raosT welcome visuain pauiesoi unuiuu nu. v--" lines cntiro aud intjact in every particular. are the lietelogeneo;i3 ciemeni ui w:u j njay u re remnrk tlllt (iraut, whose bru tho Yankee armies are composed, tmurac iug as many nationalities as congregated in Jerusalem at the time of the showering of the Pentecostal fire) who left behind them some of the pecaliar trophies ot their tribe, from tho wampum belt to the bead ed mocassin. May 7 Grant abandons his dead end wouuded and retreats to his entrenched lines between the Wilderness and Iligg's Mills, nearly co-incideut with the Brook road leading fro-a the former to Spotsyl vania C. H. May 8 Skirmishing and Grant retreats towards Fredericksburg. Aude:sou com mand. ng Longstreet's corps attacks the 5tu corps aud Warren's cavalry near Spottsylvaiiia C. H., iuflictiug heavy pun ishment aud loss; an.l, later in tha day, our diviMon (Kodes) arriving on the ground, make a gallant charge, rapidly diiing the em my uud confirrniug the gen eral success of tho day. Our own losses were but slight. May 9 Both f-ides employed in en trenching and fortifying Hues. Cousider- lable skirmishing prevailed. tal recklessness and indifference to human iife has won for him the damning soubri qne of Ihe "butcher'' is estimated, up to this night to have lost at least 40,000 of h:S grand Army I I must 'record an affecting incident of the day. Private Tisdale Stej p, company F., llth N C. V. (my old regiment,) iu'that memorable charge whs conspicuous for his gallautry. Advancing witn ths line, undauuiod by the perils that environed him and inspired by a lofty patiiotism he was chanting the "Bonnie Bbie Flag" above the roar of musketry. Still singing and tiring as he went, a death-shot felled him in the midst of the lofty refrain, and let us trust that the National Lyric as it died on his lips was converted into one of the swelling anthems of Redemption. Much rain had fallen through the dav, and timing the weary aud sleepless hours of the night, exhausted and shiv-iDg we lay in the muddy and bloody tieuche while the air was rent with mo.nof the wtmuded. The sbaipsbooters of the ftic mv (to add to the discomfort) had attained a position from which they were enabled to enfilade ou' portion ot the line, and all night they kept up a cootinnus stream of tire over our heads, so ftat it was hazard ous in the ex re rue to raise up even for the purpose ol shifting our uneasy position. Smith, of Stokes, Cooper, of S-irry.W het- an t nd. Numbers f line olil.-ers ex. ler of Forsythe and Andrews, of Randolph. One from Mecklenburg, Va., commanded by Capt. Ovciby; and two from Georgia commanded by Capts. Du Bose and Saaith. Marcus Erwin was Major. T ie SUte gave me 50,003 to purchase arins.suoh in could be gotten, inasmuch as it liad none to give us. Of this amount I returned over 312,0)0 into the treasury, after accomplishing the object iu view. Bi sure we were not aimed with Chassepots, Lnheld or long range Whituorths. Double barrel fowl ing viqcch and old flint lock muskets, some of which were altered, constituted the armament. 'Not much for hurt," as the Indian would say, if regarded by the lights of lately improved fire-arms; but we expected to get better ones after, aud it was our first battle and besidea iu those glorious first days, wheu 'five to one" were considered legitimate odds; a dclu aion by the way, if delusion it be, w hich clung to the Southern soldier up to Appo matox, and has not entirely deserted him yet. A score of well attested field pro claim it a sublime faith, founded on fact and dj delusion 1 Whether that, faith was tbe result of innate consciousness of supe riority or whether that acknowledged su periority was the offshoot of the belief, let casuists determine. Certes, three to one and no favors, as ever regarded by the Gray" as a fair field. In the latter part of January, 1862, whilst statioued on the coast near Wilmington, aud daily expecting our compliment of companies, I received au informal order from the commanding General at Uoanokt Inland to report forthwith to him at that place. Ou applying to my immediate supe rior in command. Gen. J. 11. Anderson for pei mission to obey this order, it nan pe remptorily refused, ami arrs threatened ed a stiong tte-..r to renew Calling 0.1 Cvl. Sh:v, 1 d sired t-. U his intentions; umloubting tu.d that :'. w as to surrender the Isrmd on I'nvii i tl I catered my solemn piotcst i;,'.iit st it. as numbers of o Hirers then and there pT" etit can ceitify. Tutienpou lie fUJ what l.would h ivchini d iu view of t ai. overwhelming disparity of force. 1 t quested him to give me a gui le, rt-1 promised to undertake to hold the u ? in check uutil ho could reoraniz1' h other commands und come to our tancv. 7tis he promts d to d, and Major Yates to pilot the way whence yankees might be expected. After 1 ' ' ceediug about half a mile we met tl. ad vancing regiments and after a hi ik '"" mish repulsed them, and then drc W lino of battle awuitiug tho main b" '5 ' :i likewistj the promised reinforet -rat id'. I -stead of these last however, L ent. Fowle of the 31st rode by at a f;w: pace in the direction of the enM:iy, iug a white cloth, and my nun n.f 'r;' -1 me that he snid that the Island iu retnleretl. Indignant, first.that I had been a''" to land to nt puijjose, instead f - warned to save my command after it determined to evacuate the pos.twr; ' ' pute; ir.itl secondly, that we hil ':''lU " Lnn.il fi mi . fin: Tilth; eTTal'd ' some of our best men r.et J rinced under tliM delundvo i"ii" ' " cortind co-operation, I manned he Col. Suaw'.s hea i q iiitt ri and l-r:i permission to re embark, fi'Vpo ' " tho transport were "till at th" This Le sanl he could not b ;: ,! much as he had Murreudered th? I1 and all upon ,t. S-mrtly nti 1 'J,( ; eiu-niy came up, took posse.'" tal.!i-hed a ,iard of eh tin "' .1 ,n I ::.!,. 111 1 1 .-. .1 11 t around the camp. Afar a w 0 ' ifit should be obeyed. AHer the delay of 1 . 1. .1 ., .. , officers were Metit on l n-rd ot ' a week the necessary authority was d,. , ; 1 .1 !.!. " 1 :. IviLK fftlicf islau.l to 40iirr' tained from the war office reaching me about dark. Early the next morning we were on the march. Ou rachb'g Weldou, it being wen-tool to Foit Waneu; b.it m d.ns theyaiul their comuiu" Rci? , j up tt. Eiiti'eth City and parol"' " l'" Sniiday, I ftnind it necessary to imp reus a j Cl,n, iTJi.i n, Fir, is !.oii; ii.t 1 " oue d he nat t;reu s tn 1 train iu order to ave delay. Arriving at Norfolk, we were detained, very rieedl.ss lv, I then thought and still think, some three days awaiting transportation to the Itdaud. Ttiis consisted of .1 small steam tii and seven barges, the first commanded by tlw to- war on tlie put t t t e .r derating the import ukM -d M "iiiecoiii riS'' Ii such n x e 1! uppotiit a su'txhh t:tis.tdt!iii f"1 most mi orlaut poift 01 etast 1 1 1 nk'.et 0 all Z: w-7 !. ti:e At)- rased Byeis. wbti alterwards d. .u rte,! :m.1 fl..rri.1 .-..fii: . . .1 ! iiM.d.- ut c.vidl .ns v. .to vi iii-iv trii 1 "-iii-r- vf illC I'll I IV ' of the proposed evacuation of XorfollJ, ' V1" lrC" ;4? ''f 1 Vi U.'us necesMtittmi the de-itrucL 4n l.v ...ii- .... 1 . 1. .e.tw.. selves of immejiso valuable stores and rn.ii-; a fiibt vhs o:d.tr, nud oati ixcclaa p, ..ki. g, I 4 ' 1 . t '