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Our living and our dead. [volume] (Newbern [i.e. New Bern], N.C.) 1873-187?, August 05, 1874, Image 1

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VOL. II.
NEWBEBN, C WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 5, 1874,
NO. 5
outwent Mar ffostsji
BST" In this column ve desire to publish
sfnch poetry as is commemorative of events
which occurred during the war, or of the
sentiments and feelings of those who par
ticipated in it, and memorial sketches in
Terse of gallant officers and men wbo fell
in battle, or signally distinguished them
selves. Our supply of poetry on hand in
less than any other xabciial, and we re-
fpectfully ask those who have such as iw
suited to the purpose for which we design
this column to add to our small stock.
North Carolina can boast of several (ladies
and gentleaienj who have poetical talents
of high order, and fro.ua, them we should
ee pleased to hear at all times.
Th battle biding terminated in o coscr
plete route of the. enemy, ny men slept
on the ground tUy had so bravely won..
My officers, and men behaved finely, and
X refrain from discirimi nations Such was
their steadiness, that I was able to pre
serve my line of battle unbroken through-
put the day.
! Capt., JV T. Hawks and Lieut. J. A.
Bryan, of, my staff, were with me,and con
ducted themselves gallautly
Your obedient servant,
L. OB. BRANCH, Maj. Geu
THK SIXXY LAXD.
BY ATPL.KTON O-AKSMITII OF OARTSKET.
"Bury me. boys, on the field'''' )Vheat.
A Confederate refraiu, written to commemor
ate the last words of the writers friend Co.
Uob Wheat originally published in the Houston
Telegraph 1873-
The battle was over and the death trodden plain
Wept calm nrath the miii's dying ray,
A wounded soldier lay writhing in pin
Who cried as his lif ebbed away.
I dit for the South for the dear Sunny
South -
For the mot er that said, "never yield !"
And I only ask tnat you bear hear my sword
And bury me, boyV on tho fieM,
They buried him there where the twilight spread
Its glocm like a pall o'er the fky
And thre lei, her sleep with the tinknown dead
In the spot where a soldier tdioul lie.
He died for the South for the doar Sunny
South
For the cause fiat never could yield
An 1 they bar that mother his unconquorert
pword
And buried him there on the field.
Ar.d that mother Iooxh forth from her lone cot
tage door
An 1 witchea the troops filing by
And whe sigh that Fate hath le't her no mote
Da tho field t tr their co'int y to die.
She gnvo her all for the dear Smny Scrnth
llcr hope, her --ou.forther thk-M
Ai d t-lie !(ks n Lis swordtt with a mournful
I ride
Vi'Loui tlicv bnritd uway on the f.t'd.
There am Home whom -Loir country will never
f. r'..t
When bar Fie Jm at last nlnll be won
And the heio'n wreath on the brow shall be set
Of the .author who givu uiiher hod.
Fur we will all die fur We deaf Sunny Sou'h
V.'e never, no never will ie Id
And we only k, if percl. since we may fall,
'il.;it you bury a, boye o.i the field.
After the battles around R'ohrnond, tUiw
brigade encamped below that vity for a
fhort time and was then ordered to Gor
dousville, near which place it remained
uutil just before tho battle of Codai' Itun,
in which battle it bore a very conspiucons
part, as will appear from the following re
port: Hhadquaiiteus Branch's Brigade, j
A. P. IIilis DlVIStfoN,
August 18, 18G2. S
Jfaj. 11. C. Morgan, Aft. Adjt. (Jen.:
Sir. I have the honor to report that, on
Saturday, 9th August, whilstou the march
to Culpepper Court House, I was ordered
to halt my brigade and form in line of bat'
tie on the left of, and at right angles to
the road. The formation was scarcely
completed before I waa ordered to advance
in line through the woods ami thick un
dergrowth a heavy musketry fire being
heard not far from my front. I then pro
ceeded plsout one hundred yards! when I
commenced meeting tho men of a brigade
which had preceded me, retreating in
greae disorder,and closely pursued by tho
enemy.
Opening ranks to permit the fugitive to
Extract From Other Official Re
ports. Cam? Near Libekty Minns, 1
Headquarters 2d Brigade,
1t Division, A. V. D. J
Major W. T. Taliaferro, Asst Adjt. Gen.
1st Div.:
With coolness an.d de
termination, the regimeuta ou the right
delivered their fire, keeping e. superior
number of the tnemy at bay, Firing now
commenced on the olt, aud hastening to
the position occupied by the 1st Virginia
battalion, I discovered the euemy in heavy
force rapidly advancing, uot more than 50
yards from our front, beariug down upoa
us also from the left, delivering, as they
came, a most galling fire. Unable to
withstand this fire from front and flank,
the 1st Virginia battalion gave way in con
fusion, and rendered abortive any efforts
of its corps of gallan,t officers to reform it.
Finding our left turned, I lode up to Maj.
Laue, commanding the 42 1 aud ordered
a change of front to meet the evening in
this new uirectiju; but, before this could
bo executed, he fell mortally wounded,an,d
the movement could not be accomplished
before the euemy had commenced a lira in
their rear, pr(vluoiug some disorder and
confusion. The other regimeuts, all the
while engaged in front, were also attacked
iu rear, now that the left flauk was turned
produoing much disorder in their tanks,
Reinforcements coming up, portions of the
different regiments were reformed and
assiato I in driving the euemy discomfited
from the field,
THOMAS S. O UIXETT,
Lt, Cal, eoud'g 2d brig., 1st div. A. V.I,
IIu Qiu. Ut Bma. Va, Vow. V. D.
August 15, 18G2.
I!'. D. Taliaferro, A. A. G.
Arriving at the woods in
his retreat, the enemy attempted to reform
his liue, which I determined to prevent by
following him up ; but at this moment, I
was informed that the euemy had turned
the left of the second brigade, (which X
supposed until that moment, rested ou th
right of the first brigade,) whereupon I
immediately directed a ohauge of front,
which was duno as promptly as. it could be
under tho oirou instances, which enabled
me to engage this flauk movement of the
enemy. But Gen. Branch's brigade
coining up at this moment, hie lite being
perpendioular to the road, while the liue
of the firat brigade was parallel. General
15iauch opened a vigorous fire upon the
enemy, which soon succeeded in driving
him from his position. He waa hero com
pelled to pass through a large grniu field
in his retreat, which exposed his broken
columns to a deadly orosa fire from, this
and Branch's brigade.
CHAS. A. KONALD,
Col. Comd'g 1st lirigi'de.
IId. Qrs, 1st Div. Valley Army, )
Liberty Mills, Va. Aug. 15, 18&J.
Capt. A. S. Pendleton, A, A. G,
The third brigade advanced in
fine style, and the enemy gave way before
the severity of its fire. At this moment I
4'scpvered that, owing to the fact that the
flrnt brigade had xot moved sufficiently
near originally, or that the order had not
pass, and pressing forward in unbroken reached Col. Iionald in time, the enemy
line, my brigade met the enemy, who had lia'l attacked the left wing of the second
already turned the flank of Gen. Taliafer-' brigade and turned it, aud that it was fall
ro's brigade, which waa on the right of thb . itJg kck iu soma disorder. This move
road, Kot in the least shaken by the ment exposed, also, tho left flank of the
panic cries of the fugitives, and without; third brigade, and caused it to fall back ;
halting, my brigade poured volley alter
voljey into the enemy, who broke and fled
precipitately through the woods and across
the field. Qn reaching the edge of the
field, I discovered the enemy in force on
the opposite side, aud halting brigade in
ftq eligible position, opened fire along the
whole liqe. for a time the enemy stood
their ground, but we were within good
rnuge acrpss an open field, and the xecu
tiou we were doing (clearly perceptible to
the eye) compelled them to commence
breaking. Now it was that their ca7alry
attempted to cl;arge Qen. Taliaferro's bri
gade, which fiad partily rallied, after I
had cleared their flank. The cavalry
xaoved diagonally across my front, presen-
tiug to me their flauk, The combined fire
of Taliafeiro's brigade in front, and mine
lu flank, broke up tho colqmu and sent it
fljing to the rear. My brigad immedi
ately moved forward in pursuit of the re
treat
but it was soon afterwards brought back
to its ongiual position, At this critical
moment the first brigade movt6J up, nqd
with Qeu, Branch's brigade, of Gen. Hill's
division, encountered the enemy, confused
by theiy severe conflict with the second
brigade, and drove them back with terrii
bio slaughter, The third brigade uqw ad
vanced to the brow of the hill overlooking
the corn fielf!, and the second brigade to
the edge of the woods, and drove the en
emy in front of them from their positions
in confusion, To cover his retreat, the
enemy's cavalry charged the tliird, brigacjej
but they were met by such & shower qf
missiles that the whale cojumn was turned,
wheeled to the right, and before it could
be wheeled off to the rear was forced to
run the gauutlefc of the other brigades, and
scattered in every direction with heavy
loss.
Wm. B. Taheferbo,
Brig. Gen. Comdg First Division.
ing enemy, and whilst I was hesita-
titim'n fl.ii i i A ? i.-i J:
tou I should take, Maj. Gen, Jackson Camp Gbego,' March 8, 18G3. '
came up, and by his order.I changed front Col. C. J. Faulkner, Aiaistant Adjutant
8" as to incline to the right, and pushed General f
i to a point some distance in advance of
lhe battle-field, at which ho bad ti.e)vd My order of march was Thomas, Branch,
lult. Archer, Pender, Stafford and Field. Arriv
ing within aboufc six; miles ol CuJpeperO.
H., the heavy firing in front gave notice
that the battle bad. commenced. I was
then direvted by Gen. Jacksoa to send, a
brigade to the support of Taliatoro, -w,bo
was in line of battle on the right of. the.
raain, ?oad Thonvvs was sect on, this duty,
and formed his line immediately iu fr.on.t
of Taliaferro's. Lieutenant Colonel Wal-
Ijier placed Pegrans and Fleet'3 bat-
terries in eligible positions in, front of
Early's brigade (Gen.. Xaji.ajerro's right,
Branch, Archer and Render aft they, cam,e
up, were successively formed on the left
of the road. Winder's, brigade immedi
ately in front of BjraucU 1 eiug hard
pressed, brokle1 and many fugitives came
back. Without waiting for the formation
of the entire line, Branch was imni.iately
ordered forward, aud passing through the
broken brigade, received the enemy's fire,
promptly returned it, checked the pursuit,
and in turn drove them back, and relieved
Taliafeiro's Hank. The enemy, driven,
across an open field, had rallied iu a wood
skirting it. Branch was engaging when
Archer came up, aud, with Pender on the
left, the enemy were charged across this
field, the brigade of Archer being sub
jected to a very heavy fire. Gen. Thomas,
on the right, had been ordered by Geu.
Jackson to the right to support Early's
brigade. Quite a large por-tiou of both
Early's and Taliaferro's brigades had been
thrown into contusion, some of the regi
ments standing firm, the 14th aud 21st
Virginia and 12 th Georgia. Thomas
formed his line of battle along a fence
bordering a corn field, through which the
enemy were advancing. After a short
coutest here the efceniy were hurled back.
Pegram's and Fleet's batteries, the latter
uuder command of Lieut. Hardy, did
heavy execution this day, and throve back
several attempts to capture, their gnus.
The Hth Georgia, under toe gallant FoU
som, having become separated from the
rest of the brigade, by our fugitives,
charged the enemy, aud with brilliaut suc
cess. The enemy had now been driven
from every part oi the field, but mude an
attempt to retrieve his fortunes by a cav
alry charge. Their squadrons, advancing
across an open field in front of Branch,
exposed their flank to him, and, encoun
tering a deadly fire from the Hth Georgia
and 12th Virginia, had many saddles emp
tied, and flod in uttor disorder,
A, P. HILL, Maj. Gen.
IId. Qrs. 2nd Corps, A. X. V.
April 4, 18u3.
Bricj. Qen. li. 11 CM If on, Assistant Ad
jnta,nt and Inspector General;
During the advance of
of the enemy the to rear.the guns of Jack-
sou's di vision becoming exposed, they were
witiidrawn. At this critical moment
Branch's brigade, of Hill's division, with
Winder's brig ule further to the left, met
the Federal forces, flushed with their torn-,
porary triumph, and drove them back
with terrible slaughter through the
wood. The fight was still maintained
with obstinacy, between the enemy md
the two brigades just namtd, when
Archer and Pender coming up. a
general charge was made, which drove the
enemy across the field into the opposite
wood,s strewing the narrow valley with
their dead. In tfiis oharge, Archer's bri
gade was subjected to a, heavy fire. At
this time the Federal oavalry charged
upon Taliaferro's brigada with irapetuons
valor, but were met with such determined
resistance by Taliaferro's brigade iu its
front, and by so galling a fire from Branch's
brigade in flank that it was forced rapidly
from the field, with loss and in disorder.
T, J, JACKSON, Lt. Geo.
IId. Qks. Archer's Brigade,
August 14, 18G2.
On arriving near the
point where General Jackson's division
was already engaged, I proceeded to form
line of battle iu the woods to the Ipft of
Branch's brigade, w' ieh completed, its for
mation and advanced before my line was
half formed. Supposing that I would bo
wanted in front inunediately, I moved for
ward with the 1st Tennessee and 19th
Georgia regiments, 5th Alabama battalion
arid 7th Tennessee in line, leaving the 14th
Tennessee, which was in rear, to come up
into line and overtake the brigade as best
it coul4. I advanced several hundred
yards in this manner, obliquing towards
the right, iu order to get near the left of
Branch's brigade, when I overtook its left
regime ut, which had become separated
from the main body. . Iu passing to the
front of this regiment my line became
somewhat broken, anjl halted a few min
utes for it to reform.
During the time thus employed, Colonel
Forbes' 14th Tennessee regiment cam up
into line, and I rode tp the road, about fif
ty yards on my right, to ascertain whether
they were ours or the enemy's troops firing
thjem, I found it was Branch's brigade,
on the right of the road, and in a line even
with that of my own, halted, aud firing at
au enemy in frbnt.
J, L, AUCHER, Brig. Geo,
Gen. J ames H. Lane's report of the oper
ations of this gallant brigade from the bat
tle of Cedar Run to the close of the first
Maryland campaign, will appear next week
KOt of I. II. Hill.
Headquarters Division.
Gey JR. 1. Cfyitton A . A- General:
General: hv tla. honor berewi tb
to. report tUe op&raiion of my command
from, the battles around Bich,rsyOc4. Ujutiji
after the battle of Sharpsburg.
On the 23rd of July was detached
from, my division, and placed in charge of
the department of the south side, extend;
ing from Drewry's Bluff to the South, Car
olina Hue.. As Gen. McCkdlan was then
a' WectoverK on the James, some thirty
miles from Richmond, ami waa thought
that he might attempt an advance to the
&cxth side, my first attention was given to
the defences; in that direction. Heavy de
tails were made frcm the divijsjou and two.
brigades, ueajf. the. bluff, to complete A line
of in French men fcs arou&d it, aud controll
ing the Petersburg road. Not a spade
full of oarth had been thrown np arouo,d
Peters,burgt and it was in a wholly defonoe
eaa condition. A system of fortifications
was began (which subsequently met the
approval of the chief engineer, Col. J. F.
Gilmer, C. S. A.,) and the brigades of
Robert Ransom, Walker- and Daniel, were
put to work on it. About a thousand ne
groes were prooured, chiefly from North
Carolina, aud employed in like manner.
Pontoon bridges were constructed at va
rious points to make the connection rapid
laige force, and was wholly iudcfeusiblw
by a small one. X accordingly ordered up
Anderson'B brigade. A regiment of Kip
ley's brigade waa sent to hold another pasa
some three miles distant, cl civ; lef,t. I
fjelt reluctant to order up Ripley pnd
Rodes from the important positions they
wer$ holding, until something definite was
k.now.n of the streugtn, and designs of the
yankees. About s.even oclock,they opened
fire upon our Ught, au 1 pu.sh.jd forward
a large force through the dense woods, to
gain a practicable road to our rear. Gar
land's brigade was scut in to meet this
c,yerwhemi,ng force and succeeded iu
checking it c,ud securing the road from
any further attack that day. This bril
liant service, however, cost us the life of
that pure, gallant rnd accomplished Chris
tian soldier, Geu. Garland whd had no su
periors, and few equals iu the service.
Tje yankees ou their si.de, lost Geu.Rei.0,
a renegade Virginian, who was killed by a
happy shot from the 23d North Caroliua.
Garland's brigade was badly demoralized
by hi,s fall, and the rough ha,udVu it had
received, aud had tbe yaukeo pressed vig
orously forward, the road mjgh hu been
gained. Providentially, they were igno
raut of their success, o themselves too
much damaged to. advance. The 20th
North Carolina, of this brigade, under
Col. Iverson,had attacked a jaukee battery
and secure, between the position tp be killed H the oisqs, and driven eff the
secured. The defences of the Appomat- I cannoneers. 4ms battery, was used no
tox were also strengthened, a,nd a, rnve
able car planned and ordered to prevent a
landing at City Point. An effort was made
to organize a,ud, make efficient the numer
ous independent companies in tho depart
ment, which had been of little use and of
much expense to the country, A concen
tration of these troops at "Weldon and
Goldsboro' was ordered to prevent the
cutting of our important lines southward.
In nccorda.noa with instructions from
the General commanding Army of North
ern Virginia, I made a personal examina
tion of the yankee shipping and encamp
ment, on the 28th instant, and determined
to attack it from Coggius.' Point and My
ocele's on the South side. This expedition
was entrusted to Brig. Gen. French, aud
was a complete success. Forty-three
pieces, under command of General Pendle
ton and Ool. J. T. Brown, were daced in
position on the night of the 31st, on the
banks of the river within easy yauge of the
objects to be reached. Much damage was
done to the yankee shipping, some de
struction of life caused in the camp, and
tho wildest terror and. consternation pro
duced. The report of Geu. French is
herewith submitted. This officer had
charge of the expedition, agreeably to the
wishes of Gen. Lee. Doubtless, the night
attack had much to do with the evacuatiou
of Westover, as it wade cClollan feel
that his shipping was insecure, Two (Jays
after fie took possession of Coggins' Point,
and maintained a force on the south side
till he left the river, IJis gunboats were
attacked at the mouth of the Appomattox,
and points were selected for the further
harassing of his shipping. An expedition
was sent out, under Col. J. R. Chamblis,
to within two miles of Suffolk. Arrange
ments were made for the defence of the
Blackwater, Chowan and Tar rivers, an4 a
point selected for fortificatiqna pn the
Roanoke to secure Weldou.
On the 21st August, I left Petersburg to
join the army in northern Virginia, and
given command of MoLaws division and
three brigades of my own division at Han?
over .1 unction. The brigades of Ripley
and Colquitt, of my division, wefe iu ad
vance of us, nt Orange C, H. On the
2Gth of August, we left Hanover Junction,
and joined Gen, L,ee at Chantilly, on th.$
2d of September, three days after the yan
kees had been finally and decisively beat
en in the second great battle of Manassas.
Ou the 4tli, Anderson's brigade was sent
to fire on the yankee trains at Berlin, and,
with two brigades, we drove away the yan
kee forces near the mouth of tbe Monocacy
and crossed the Potomac.
That night and the next day were spent
in destroying the lock and canal banks,
The aqueduct could pot be destroyed for
want of powder and tools. The night of
the 5th, my division followed Geu. Jack-
sou to within a few miles of Frederick. ("Ripley di4 DO draw trigger why, I do
The General being disabled by the fall of
his horse, the next morning I was placed
in charge of all the forces, aud marched
into Frederick. The telegraph wires were
fiH and the station seized. A few stores,
and prisoners were taken in the city.
On the 10th, my division consututed
the rearguard, pn4 bad charge of the irn
mense wagon train moving in the direction
of Hagarstown. Qn the J3th, I was or
dered by Qen. Lee to dispose of my troops
sq as to prevent the escape of the yaukees
from Harper's Ferry, theu besieged., aud
also to guard the pass in he Bhie R.idge,
near Boonsboro.' VIaj. Gen. Stuart repor
ted to me th.at two brigades only of the
yaukeec were pursuing us, aud that one
brigade would be sufficient tq hold the
pass. I, however.sent itbe brigades of Gar
laud and Colquitt, and ordered my other
three brigades np to the neighborhood of
Boonsooro. An examination of the pass,
very early iu the morning of the Utb.sat
isfiedme that it could only be held by a
more that day by the yaukee
Anderson's brigade arrived iu time to
take the place of the much demoralized
troops of Qarlaud,- There were two moun
tain roada practicable for artillery on the
right of the main turnpike. The defence
of the further, one b,ad cos Garland his
life. It was now entrusted to Col. Rosser,
of the cavalry, v ho had reported to me,
and who had artillery and dismounted
sharpshooters. General Anderson w as en
trusted with the care of the nearest and
best road, Bondurant's battery was sent to
aid him in its defence. The brigadp of
Colquitt was disposed on each side of the
turnpike, and that, with Lane's battery,
Was judged adequate to the task.. There
was, however, a solitary peak on the left
which, if gained by the yaukees, would
give them coiitrol of the ridge command
ing the turnpike. The possession of this
peak was, therefore, everything to the yau
kees, hi they seemed slow to perceive it.
J had f large number of guns from Cutt'
artillery placed on the left of tla hill ou
the turnpike to sweep the approaches t
this peak. From the position selected
there was a full view of tho country for
miles around. But the mountain was. so
steep that ascending columns were but lit
tle exposed to artillery fire. The artiller
ists of Cutt's battalion behaved gallantly,
but theiy firing was the worse I pver wit
nessed. Rodes and Ripley came up soon after
Anderson. Rodes was sent to the left to
seize the peak already mentioned., and
Ripley was scut tq tho right to support
Anderson. Several attempts had been
made previous to this, by the yankees, to
force a passage through the woods on the
right of, and near the turnpike. But these
were repulsed by the Gth and 27th Geor
gia and the 13th, Anjima f Colquitt's
brigade. It was now past noon, and the
yankees had been checkod for more than
five hours. But it was evident that they
were iu large force on both sides of tho
road, and the signal corps reported heavy
masses at the foot of the mountain. In
answer to a dispatch from Gen. Longtreet
I urged him tq hurry forward troops to my
assistance. Gen. Drayton and Col. G. T.
Anderson came up, I think, about three
q'clock, with one thousand nine hundred
men, and I felt anxious to beat the force
on my right before the yankees made their
grand attack, which I feared would be on
our left. Anderson, Ripley and. Drayton
were called together, and I directed them
to follow a path until they came iu contact
with Rosser, when they should change
their flank, march in line of battle and
sweep the woods before them. To facili
tate their movements, I brought up a bat
tery and made it shell the woods in various
directions. Anderson soon became par
tiallv. and Dravton hotly enaracred. But
J T 7 ww
not know. The 4th North Carolina (An
derson's brigade) attempted to carry a yan
kee battery, but failed. Three yankee
brigades inpved np in beautiful order
against Drayton, and his men were soon
beaten and went streaming to the rear.
Rosser, Anderson anl Ripley still held
their ground, aud the yaukees could not
gain our rear.
Affair were now very serious pn ray left,
A division of yankees were advanciug in
handsome style against Rodes. I had
every possible gqu turned upon the yan
kee columns, but owing to the steepiss
of the acclivity andtbebad haudlingof the
gnus, but little harm was done to the "re
storers of the Union." Rodes handled his
little brigade in au admirable and gallant
manner, fighting for hours, vastly ha peri
or odds, and maintaining the key points
of the position till darkness rendered a
further advance of tho yankees impossi
ble. Had he fought with !t.&3 obstinacy,
a practicable urtirry road to the rear
j would hav been sajnird ou onr left, atd
I the line of retrent cut off.
Col. Gordon, the C'bristiau hero, ex
celled hifc former deed at Seven Fines
and in the bdtth'g around Richmond. Our
language i not CApubl of expressing a
higher compliment.
G.eu. Rodes says tho men nud ofHecn
generally behaved well, bul Cot. Gordon,
6th Ahb'tma, Mj. Hobsou, 5th Alabama,
and Col. Hattle, 2d Alabama, deserve
pecial mention for admirable conduct du
ring the whole right. We did not Jnvo
the enemy back or vLip him; Lut, vtU
oue thousand two but-dud men. we held
his whole divinon at bay for four bour4
and a half, without atsbdanco from uny
one, losiug, iu that time, not more than
half a mile of ground.
Ho. estiu.atea his loss at four hnndrel
an 1 twenty fro, oat of ono thousand to
hundred taken iu a:tion, but thinks tb.t
he inflicted a three-foil heavier; n
tho yuukees. Col. Gavle, ot t ho 12th A'h
bama, was killed, aud CjI. O'Neal, St'.h
Alabama, and "ieut. Cpl. Pickcv, of tLe
12th, severely wo.mded.
Maj. Gen. Long?treet cam up ahott 4
o'clock vith the command of Brig. Geua.
Evans and 1), ,11. Jojiea. I had now be-,
come familiar with the ground und knew
all the iil poiut4 and bad these troop
reported to me, the remit Injght bavn
betn different. As it was thoy took
wrong position?, aud, in their exhausted
combtiou after a long irarcli, they Mcro
broken and scattered. Our whole left
now faiily ixposod, aud tho yaukees bad
but to ptibh down to seize tlio turnpike. It
was now dark, however, and they (caicd
to advance.
All the available troops were collee'rd
behind a stone wall, to reit uu approach
upon the turnpike from the b.ft. 1
couinged by thtir saicceca in thtt d.rcc
tiou the yankees thought it would bo an
easy matter to nioe directly up tin: tnm?
pike, But they eio. soon undeceived.
They wero hero.ica.iiy met aud bloodily ie
pulsed by the. 31 and 2lh Georgia ltgi
ments of Colquitt' brigade.
The fight lasted lor uioro thau ou h ur
after night, but gradually subside! asti c
yaukees retired. Gen. Hood (vvlo Ind
gone in ou the right with his wo uobt
brigades) oushed fdrwaid his hkinnisher
aud drove back the yuukees. V retrea
ted that night to &UMptburg, having ac
complished, ail that was required tho
delay uf tho yaukeo araiy until H irpvr4
Ferry could not b.welicveJ. Should tho
truth ever be known, the battle of S utl
Mountain, as far as my divisiou was eon
ceined, will bo regarded ns one of th-
most remarkable and creditable of tho
war. The division had marjUed all tlju
way from Richmond, and the str igstin
had been enormous, iu consequence of
heavy marclus;, deficient commit parint,
want of shoes, aud inefficient officers. Ow
ing to these combined causes, thn divisr
ion numbered les.i thau five thousand men
on the morning of tho 11th September,
and had five loads to guard, extending
over a space of us many milca. This small
f jrce successfully resisted, without np.
poit, for eivht Louis, tbo whole yankee,
army, and when its supports were beaton,
still held the roads, so hat our let rent
was effect ed without the of a p:n, a
wagon, cr an ambulance. Jlodoh br.pade
lm immortalized itself; Colquitt'n had
fought well, aud tho two regiment a ruc-i ,
closely pressed, (2d J aud 2S:h Georgia;
had repulsed the foo with slaughter;
Garland's b. igade had' behaved uooly uu
til demoralized by the fall of it gdlant
leader, and being outl! inlcd by the yjfu
kees; Anderson's brigade hu eh jw n (t
wonted gallantry; Kiph-y's brigade for
some cause, Jiad not been ongupcd, tri
was used with Hood's tuu biig idea teo
er the ret i eat.
Had Longstiiet'n division been with
mine at daylight in the morning, tho yan
kees would have bpen disaBtronnly re
pulsed. But they had gained important
positions befuro tlio arrival pf reiLforce
meiits, These additional troops came rp
after a Ian?, burr.'ol au I 3tLa:iding
march, to defend localities which tin r
were ignorant, and to fiqht a fO)fl:ibd
with partial t-ucvcr.s, and lr-id hob'iof
key points to further ndranct. Had onr
forces never bvi n tcp;i rated, the battle pf
Sijarpsburg iitrr would have octn foaghl
and the yankee 3 wo ild pot huvc even th
s'jado.v cf cons jlatioii for the lo-, ut Har
per's Ferry.
Ve reached Sharpsbnrg aboat dayl:tht,
OU the morning of th 2"ifi. T yauV.'e
made their appearance that day, und homo
skirmishing aud c announdirg ccuir d.
There was a good dca. of atillry tir'oi
during the f jrcnoou cl the 'ih; am.1 Mo
that afternoon, the jt.kees cio -ed tlio
Autietaui, opposite the cuntro of ny liur,
and made for Hagcrvt n turnpike.
we been in conditiou ty attack them, an
they crossed, much damage would havf
becu inflicted. But as jet thero were b 1 t
two weak divisions on the Ground. Lt t.g
street held tho poit: ;.n ouih of !( ufc
boro' turnpike, and 1 that ou Iht- riyul.
Hood's coinniad 'v.' phi m1 on v.y L t ij1
guard the Hager?u a pikt-. Jp.m i u
sundown, I got up a batiory (Lane'. of
corrrrsrED $x szcovd paok.

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