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MECHANIC3TOVN, MARCH 4,1871. One Hundred^ Years Ago. Th> Patriot* of the Valleys of Tom's ereck and Owings' crock in Council, The Dawn of the Revolutionary Era. WHO WILL LEAD THE VAN? When it was apparent from the ob noxious measures adopted by the Bri tish Government, to keep m subjec tion the patriotic spirit of the Ameri < aji Colonies, and to conquer the irre sistible impulse burning for Liberty and Independence, meetings were held inebrious portions of Massachusetts Bay, Virginia and Maryland, to give expression to the views of the inhabi tants; for there were those who still cherished a hope that the misunder standing existing between the Mother Country, aiid her children in the Free Land of the West, would be amicably adjusted. Annapolis and St. Mary’s county had spoken, and Gov. Eden wished to hear from other sections of the hereditary domains of Lord Balti more and his descendants. The first meeting held in Frederick county, as published in the Maryland Gazette , at Annapolis, was convened at the old School House, not far from Troxell’s mill, on Tom’s creek, on Sunday, the 28th day of Aug. 1770; and according to the old recollection of grandmother Hoover, that meeting Iras numerously attended by the old inhabitants who were deeply impressed at the situa tion. The waters of that historic stream ran placid, serene and clear.— The murmuring of the meandering rivulets were silent in a shaded bower. The finny trilie were sporting in its crystal waters. The primeval forest wore its gayest attire. The birds were warbling songs of sweetest mu sic. Nature was lovely and the land scape of St. Joseph's Valley charmed tio its broad acres the votaries of lib erty and law; justice and mercy. There were present on that occasion the gray haired sire and youth with young and fiery blood. Win. Blair, * an old resident of Scottish descent, James Shields, Sen., William Shields, Charles Robinson, Patrick Haney, Ro bert Brown, Henry Ilockersuuth, Win. Elder, son of Guy, Samuel Westfall, Moses Kennedy, Alexander Stewart, Wm. Curran, jr., Charles Carroll,Wil liam Koontz, Christian Hoover, John Smith, Daniel McLean, John Faires, John Long, Arthur Row, John Crabs, Moses Ambrose, George Kelly, Wal ter Dulany, Thomas J. Bowie, James Park, Robert Agnew, John Garrick, Frederick Troxell, Rudolf Nead, Oc tavius S. Taney, George Ovelman, Dominick Bradley, Thomas Ilvmhes, Philip Weller, Jacob Valentine, Wil liam Brawner, Thomas Martin, Daniel Morrison, William Munroe and Henry Brooke and others. It was agreed bv a ‘show of hands, that Wm. Blair, Ksq. be called to the Chair, and John Faires appointed Sec retary. The meeting was then addressed by WUer Dnl my and Wm. Elder, bom of Guy, when the latter concluded by offering the following Resolution : “Resolved, by the inhabitants of Tom's creek, Frederick county, in the province of Maryland, loyal to their King and country, that wc re-affirm the great Magna Charta of our Civil end Religions Rights, as granted by Charles of England to Lord Balti more and the inhabitants of this Colo ny ; as re-affirmed on the first landing of the Pilgrim Fathers of Maryland: that there shall be perfect freedom of conscience, and every person be al lowed to enjoy his religious and polit ical privileges and immunities unmo lested.” It was read and re-read and adopted by a “showing of hands." Resolved, That the proceedings of this meeting he published in the An napolis Gazette and Bradford's paper at Philadelphia. There being no further business be fore the meeting, it ad journed sine die. WM. BLAIR, Ch'mn. John Faires, Sec’ry. The proceedings of this meeting wore brief and expressive. They were not only published at Annapolis and Philadelphia, but all through the war of the Revolution this Resolution stood as a pillar in the Temple of Lib erty to guide the patriots of the North ern section of Frederick county. And it was this great Catholic spirit of tol eration which nerved every patriot’s heart; that gave to the companies commmaoded by Capts. Wm. Blair, Wm. Shields, James Ogle, Benjamin Ogle, Jacob Ambrose, Michael Trout man, Peter Mantz, Dr. Philip Thomas, and their comrades in arms, their martial prestige, which made the men of Frederick county so conspicuous for valor and heroic devotion to their country’s cause, in the days that tried men’s souls. Capt. Wm. Blair's company was in a Regiment commanded by Col. John Eager Howard, of Baltimore. As soon rs the news was heard from Lexing -on, and the massacre fin Breed Hill, they resolved to go to the front. To this company was assigned the van guard in that heroic struggle. John Hanson Thomas stated in a public speech in Frederick county in 1812, that if anything could reconcile him to the support of Henry Williams Ha a candidate for Pro-:d"Utinl Life tor in behalf of De Witt Clinton, it was the fact that Cant. Williams, on the death of Capt. Wm. Blair, who fell gloriously fighting in his country’s 1 cause, commanded the “game cock” company from this county in the war of tne devolution, and came out with unfading lustre. No man in this county enjoyed in a higher degree the confidence of his fellow-citizens than Henry Williams, and no one was more deeply lamented when dead. And no man, as soon as the war was over over, was more willing to bury the hatchet of discord: and say, let there be no more Whigs, no more Tories, but American citizens all —“we are all Federalists, we are all Republicans.” Who is there now living in the Em mittsburg District, in whose veins flows the blood of a Revolutionary an cestry, that does not feel proud of the deeds that their fathers have done, when Liberty and the cherished rights of freemen were at stake? In this great war for self-government on the American Continent, a long-contested struggle, which will survive through all coming time, it is gratifying to know that the people residing in the Red Land section of the county done their whole duty. They met first in council for consultation and concilia tion : they were for calm discussion, for concession, compromise, union and harmony, but when these failed, and war was the inevitable result, they rallied*at the first tap of the drum ; and as old Wm. Silvy declared on many an occasion, they fought with spirit and determination to maintain the cause of right and free govern ment, when both were in peril. At that same period when the vil lage of John Hampden, of England, was "pregnant with celestial fire," on the banks of Beaver Dam, in this county, there resided a man, midway between Tom’s and Owings’ creek, a sterling patriot in whose heart there beat the true pulsations of liberty, united with the principles of justice, truth and honor. Daniel Webster once declared in a speech delivered on the steps of Bar num's Hotel, Baltimore, in 1830 or 1840, that there were no “Sundays in Revolutionary times." This declara tion was strictly true, for the meeting convened at the school house, near Troxell’s old mill, on Tom’s creek, in August, 1770, was held on Sunday. Wm Elder, son of Guy, was said to be a natural born orator, and a man of commanding appearance. He exer cised great influence with his country men at that critical epoch. He was a good writer and a good speaker, and a gentleman of comprehensive and cul tivated mind. He was descended from an Englishman whose ancestry emigrated from Buckinghamshire. The resolution of “Wm. Elder, son Guy,” was worthy of his ancestry and of the country from which they came. He was in truth a village Hampden, whose “breast was once pregnant with celestial lire.” His resolution, couch ed in few words, touched the popular heart. It made a deep impression. It was an epitome of the Declaration of the Pilgrim Fathers on their first land ing on the banks of St. Mary’s, It was in accord and in sympathy with the great truths embodied in 1 lie De claration of Independence. It was, indeed, worthy of “Wm. Elder, son of Guy." That resolution Dr. Franklin pronounced the most comprehensive in the fewest words that he had read among the Colonial Resolves adopted a "hundred years ago." It was not only printed in the papers of Philadelphia and Boston, but it was also published in the public journals of London, as embodying the sentiments of native born Americans, the descendants and brothers of Englishmen. The monument, erected by the Stale of Maryland to George Washington, which raises its lofty column in North Charles street, Baltimore, perpetuates the great deeds of the Father of his country, who was “first in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his countrymen;” a man who, according to Daniel Webster’s massive speech at the Centennial Celebration of Wash ington’s Birthday - at Washington city, on the 22J of February, 1832, was a model of excellence in all the relations of life—great as a surveyor, great as a warrior, great as a Christian, great as a statesman, great as a patriot, great as the foremost man in America. But where ! oh where! is the hum ble slab or cenotaph to transmit to posterity the names of John Hanson, Jr., or “Wm. Elder, son of Guy?" Washington’s bones repose beneath the genial soil of Mount Vernon—but where rest the bones of Frederick county's honored dead? When war was resolved on between the Colonies and the Mother Country, we sec the men who were prominent 1 at the meeting held near Troxell s mill on the 28th of August, 1 1 70, i ready to llv to arms to coutend on the ' battle field for the great principles 1 which they adopted on that occasion. “Once this soft turf, this rivulet’s sands Were trampled by a hurrying crowd, i And armed hosts and armed hands ! Encountered in the battle cloud." The following are the names of the i ofliccrs of the first "Game Cock Com ) pany” who went to the front: ■ William Blair, Captain; George Hockerauutb, Ist Lieutenant; i Henry Williams, 2*l Lieutenant; I Jacob Ilockcrsmitb. Ensign; I William Curran, Jr., Sergeant; George Kelly, ditto; s ! John Smith. ditto; < lifutjnn ( r*l *1 % ‘Hit*.*; t! John Crabs, Corporal; . George Matthews, ditto; Arthur Row, ditto; 3 James Park, ditto; s Daniel McLean, Drummer, and 54 pri ' rates, were at once enrolled for the cam r P“ i g , The Second Company raitcd in 1775. B William Shields, Captain; John Faircs, Ist Lieutenant; - Michael Hoekersmith, 2d Lieut.; t John Shields, Ensign; > Charles Robinson, Sergeant; 1 James Shields, Sen., ditto; Patrick Haney, ditto; Robert Brown, ditto; ; Moses Kennedy, Corporol: “ John Hawk, ditto; t John Long, ditto; | Thomas Baird, ditto; . And 53 privates. The Third Company ratted in 1775. Jacob Ambrose, Captain; 1 Peter Shover, Ist Lieutenant; Henry Bitzcll, 3d Lieut.; . John Weller, Ensign; Martin Bartz, Sergeant; 1 Frederick Shultz, ditto; ’ John Gump, ditto; i Casper Young, ditto; John Protzman, Corporal; George Kuhn, ditto; Dominick Bradley, ditto; Larwrenee Creag’er,ditto; ' John Shaw, Drummer, Philip Weller, Filer, and 50 privates. The Fourth Company noted in 1775. Benjamin Ogle, Captain; Henry Matthews, Ist Lieutenant; George Nead, 3d Lieut.; • James Ogle, Ensign ; John Syphers, Sergeant; Lawrence Protzman, ditto; Peter Leonard, ditto; Conrad Matthews, ditto; Jacob Valentine, Corporal; Adam Knauff, ditto; Dauiel Protzman, ditto; Win. Elder, son of Guy, ditto; John Roche, Drummer; Daniel Linebaugh, Filer; And 53 privates. These companies formed portions of the battalions which were raised in Frederick county, and they were con -1 spicuous for their ardent devotion in that trying ordeal—the war of ’7O. They were on the plains of Lexing ton, at Saratoga, at Brandywine, at Trenton, Valley Forge, Germantown, Camden, Gutaw, Guilford Courthouse, and at Yorktown in 1781. Many of the bones of the privates and olliccrs lie scattered in American soil from Massachusetts Bay to the prairies ol Savannah, in Georgia. The old books tell us that men of learning were ha : bitually employed in other days in endeavoring to trace out -the great deeds of the ancients. Any modern printer or author who , will now get up and preserve the pa triotic acts of men who as richly de serve the enconiums of the present and future generations of America, as the Greeks and Romans who nourish ed in the Appain Way, or on the plains of Marathon, will perform a service worthy the benediction of mankind. For the Clarion. The I*rgr“Hs of Ages. The philosopher who first detected the power of steam was an Egyptian mathematician and mechanist hero of , Alexandria, about two hundred years beTore Christ; his first engine was pro • polled by the steam rushing through the spokes. In 1548, at Barcelona, a Spanish captain, named Blaseo de Garay, proposed to navigate a ship without sails or oars, he suceeded.it was then dropped, but kept a secret. • During the 16th century an engineer of Louis XIII, who became clerk of the works to the time of James I, paid some attention to the subject, and an Italian mechanist, Giovanni Bianca, proposed to turn mills by steam. At the beginning of the 17th cen tury Edward Sommerset, Martinis of Worcester, at the downfall of Charles 1, was imprisoned, and while watching the hissing steam rushing from a tea kettle, the rising and falling of the lid, he invented the modern engine. Sir Samuel Morland, an English man, afterwards improved it; Dennis I’apin, a Frenchman, added the im provement of condensing escape steam; Captain Saveny invented guage pipes; , to this Dr. Desagulius, D. D., of Lon don, added the safety valve; New comer, an iron founder, of Dartmouth, , took out a patent and put them into general use; James Walt added the throttle valve, governor, &c.; Fulton i cut the water? of the Hudson. . The First Locomotive.— The Al . 1 lentown (Pa.) Chronicle says; The first locomotive that ever did service in the United States is now lying outside of a foundry at Carbondale, Luzerne , county. It ought to be preserved somewhere oa an interesting relic of • the early days of railroading. The fol , lowing description of its trial, taken [ from Dr. Hollister’s History of the : Lackawana Valley, will be read with interest; j The first locomotive engine intro duced and worked in America, was ( run upon the Delaware and Hudson s railroad, in the year 1828, and Hone's , Dale (named from the late Philip [ Hone,) offered its friendly glen for the s purpose of conducting the experiment. , This locomotive, called the “Stour bridge Lion," was built in England, of the best workmanship and material, and most approved pattern of this date. The road passed out of Honesdale by e a sharp northwesterly curve, with a r moderate grade, and was carried over the Laxawaxen by a long hemlock trestling, considered too frail by many to support the great weight of the mysterious engine all ready for the hazardous journey. A? the crowd gathered from far and near, expecting that bridge, locomo -1 live and all, would pbuu." into 1 1\e stream the moment passage was at tempted, no one dared to run the loco motive across the chasm but Majoi . H'iratio Allen, who, amid exultatior • and praise, passed over the bridge and a portion of the road in safety. Tin engine, however, was abandoned, at the slender trestling forming much ol the body of the road, sufficiently strong for ordinary cars, was found too feeble for the “weight and wear." Major Allen, io the account of this first trip of a locomotive oa this con tinent, says: As I placed my band on the throttle, I was undecided whether I would move slowly or with a fair de gree of speed; but, believed that the road would prove safe, and preferring, if wc did go down, to go down hand somely and without any evidence of timidity, I started with considerable velocity, passed the curve over the creek safely, and was soon out of hear ing of the vast assemblage. At the end of two or three miles, I reversed the valve and returned without acci dent, having thus made the first rail road trip by locomotive ever made on the western hemisphere.” Railroads.— The Baltimore and Ohio railroad, with its branches, furn ishes the only railway facilities enjoy ed by West Virginia, with one small exception. It is to the enterprise and invincible determination of this com pany, and not to aid from the State of Virginia, that the partial development of flie resources of the northern coun ties of the new State is due. The construction of this road was commenced on the fourth of July, 1828; it was opened to Ellicott’s Mills, twelve miles from Baltimore, May 22, . 1880; it s opening to Washington was celebrated in August, 1834. West ward its construction was pushed for many weary years, through and over mountains, across yawning abysses and over wide rivers, moving now with celerity on the surface of level grades, and then with a progress labored and slow, boring through the solid rock, . until at last the waters of the Ohio and of the Chesapeake were united, the Alleghanies were surmounted, and .-brill picans to the triumph of steam in intercontinental transportation were screamed by a thousand throats from the seaboard to the mountain summits, and from the vine-clad banks of the Ohio to the cane fields on the alluvial plains of Louisiana. It was one of the first railroad en terprises undertaken in the United Slates, as il is one of the most exten sive. The length of the main stem, from Baltimore to Wheeling, is 379 miles; that of the Washington branch ol miles. Other branches increase its . total length to 520 miles. Of sidings and second main track there are built nearly 300 miles more. The original cost of the work is thirty-one millions of dollars. Its heaviest permanent grade on (he eastern declivity of the Alleghanies is 110 feet per mile for 17 miles; its great est altitude, 2,020 feet. It has 12 re pair stations, 33 repair shops, 98 water stations, 30 telegraph stations and 2 lines of wires, 14 tunnels, 12,094 feet , of tunnelling, 186 bridges on the main stem, 15,088 feet of bridging, about i 4,000 ofiieers and employees. Its an nual income, in good times, has been five millions of dollars. The road-bed is probably superior to any line of considerable length in America. It is rock-ballasted, and laid with heavy rail slrongely secured. The first rail used weighed fifty-five pounds per lineal vard, for which rail of seventy-five and eighty-five pounds ‘ was substituted, and recently it has ; been increased to one hundred pounds. The scenery of West Virginia along (he line of this road has been the as tonishment and admiration of travel lers from all quarters of the globe. From Harper’s Ferry, where the ; road has broken a rough passage through the frowning mountains of the Blue Ridge, to the crossing of the Po tomac again before Cumberland, a dis tance of ninety-eight miles, the road" passes through the eastern section of western Virginia, a mingled scene of i rough ravines, river rapids, widening ■ plains, and mountain barriers, which push forth encroachingly upon the river, compelling a detour not made by the stream without a noisy yet un availing murmur. ■ After a run through Maryland of f little more than twenty miles, a corner > of Hampshire county, in West Vir -1 ginia, is struck at New Creek and Pied f mont, the terminus of the first division ■ of the road and site of extensive ma i chine shops. From this point a rise of >, about nineteen hundred feet is accom i plished in seventeen miles, the steepest railroad grade in the country. Passing - the glade lands of the summit, which s are in Maryland, the traveller is again i introduced into West Virginia just as s he commences the western descent ol d the Alleganies, and views a beautiful b panorama of mountain peaks piled . upon receding mountains. Some the - most sublime of railroad scenery is in f view; the passage of the Cheat river 1, the winding along the almost perpeu i. dicular sides of the mountain, witl: y the chocolaU-’olored stream far dowr a at is base, and a similar range on the r opposite bank, presenting to a distant k observer a scene aptly represented bj y a walk furrowed around the spire of ' e towering steeple. Cheat river is cross y ed by a viaduct based upon abutment and a pier of solid freestone. A mih d further westward, Kyer’s run, 7(fTce )• deep, is crossed by an embankment o <• olid masonry; then Buckeye Hollov t- in bridged by works 108 feet in depth )- and last, but* not least, the famom ir Tray Run is crossed, at the height ol n 150 feet, by a viaduct 600 feet long, a d huge net-work of iron upon a massive ,e base of masonry. At the west end oi is the viaduct, from a broad ledge over >f hanging the precipice, an impressive y view of the great chasm of the Cheat 0 river is obtained, with the stream it ” self three hundred feet below, wind s ing northward and disappearing - among the mountains. n Soon another barrier is reached, r Projecting spurs have been circum !- vented, deep ravines overleaped, as e piring knobs bisected, and the height ;, thus perseveringly overcome; but here - confronts the road a peak yet 220 feet f higher still, and nearly a mile in e breadth, of solid earth and rock. The e work of tunnelling progressed three - years; a year and a half more was con e sumed in arching it with brick and 1 stone, and it was finished—the King - wood tunnel, 4,100 feet in length, cost - ing one million dollars—a monument i of engineering skill and a triumph of patient labor. 1 Grafton, nineteen miles further on, • is the point of intersection for the Par - kersburg branch, which is 105 miles 1 long, while Wheeling is 100 miles dis -1 tant by the main stem. Near Fair - mont, just below the junction of the f Tygart's Valley and West Fork rivers, t forming the Monongahela, is an iron - bridge 650 feet in length, which has been destroyed during the rebellion ? and since rebuilt. , The mountain scenery of West Vir , ginia can better be appreciated by ac , tual vision than described by the pen i of, the traveller. Divine Mechanism. 1 It is related of George Stephenson, I the famous English Collier and Rail , road Engineer, that whilst walking in the woods or through the grounds, he j would arrest his friends’ attention by allusion to some simple object,—such ’ as a leaf,, a blade of grass, a bit of bark, a nest of birds, or an ant caray- I ing its cgm* across the path,—and de ( scant in glowing terras upon the erea , tive power of the Divine Mechanician ; whose contrivances were so exhaust less and so wonderful. This was a , theme upon which he was accustomed i to dwell iu reverential admiration, when in the society of his more inti . mate friends. I One night, when walking under the stars, and gazing up into the field of suns, each the probable centre of a i system, forming the Milky May, ni : friend said to him, "What an insignifi . cant creature is man in sight of so im . mensc a creation as that!” “Yes," was his reply, "but how wonderful a i 1 creature also is man, to be able to j , think and reason and even in sonic | measure to comprehend works so in , finite!” | . Old Christian Weller, one of tin best and earliest mechanics of this village, who impressed his mechanical . genius upon the town, who did not j care much for abstruse mechanics, but i only for the experimental and practi , cal’as is usually the case with those , whose knowledge has been self-ac . quired by hard industry, often used to , say that lie was taught many a useful lesson by the constant toil of the iu ) dustrious ant. In the spring time of , the year he used to repair to the moun [ tain, in the neighborhood of Chimney Rock, and there sitting on an old log ’ he used to observe the industrious i ants toiling at their work with inces ( sant labor. The idea and the oxam j pie gave Mr. Weller courage. It was soon bolted into his mind, and when , he returned to his shop on the follow ’ ing morning, it seemed that he could turn out a better horse shoe or make a better edge tool, an axe, an adze or , drawing knife, and temper it with ' more power and durability. As a , blacksmith Mr. O. Weller was known ' to stand at the head of the mechani cal art, and this town takes its name j- in a great measure from his genius C and skill as one of the forged sons of C Vulcan. > r We motion these circumstances to j show that there is much, very much ? indeed, in the animal and vegetable ' economy, if properly studied, to guide our mechanics, farmers and miners in beginning the pathway of life. The r ant, studied from a practical point of view, may be said to be a natural r Geologist and Mineralogist. It is like the screw in mechanics which holds on * to all it gets, and at every turn gains a little more. f Sweeping the Ocean-Bottom.— - Science is busily at work exploring t air, earth, and sea. During the past § summer and autumn, an expedition h has made many remarkable discov n erics in dredging the bed of the sea s from the Bay of Biscay to the Faroe if Islands, from a depth of a few fathoms il near the shore, to nearly three miles d out at sea. It ascertained that there e is a stratum of warm water from 15C n fathoms upward, a stratum of ice-cold r, water from 300 fathoms downward i- and a stratum of intermixture between h the two. It was formerly supposed n that no animal could exist lower than le 300 fathoms, hut various forms of ani it mal life have been brought up from y the profoundest depth of the ocean a many species having been found alto s- gether new to science. Some of tin ts animals brought up from a depth o le 1270 fathoms, or nearly a mile and ; et half, had perfect eyes, while the colo of of their shells indicated the influent w of light. The Local Newspaper. • During the last twenty years, says Henry T. Darlington, of the Buclb County (Pa.) Intelligencer, the local or county newspaper has grown to be one of the most characteristic and |Bo*t important of American institution*. No other one is .so extensivelyandl uni versally diffused through evelj part of the continent, and in-no other is there so much that is hjomogetieous in its development. Whether it appears in the form of a four-column daily, or a nine-column weekly, its principal features and objects art almost the same. Its sphere, as a distinctively local journal, is the expression and encouragement of the interests that may belong to the particular commu nity in which it circulates;' and as those interests may chance to be lim ited or expanded in their nature, the tone and purposes of the local news paper are quite sure to bear toward them a reciprocal relation. We may assume that the first object of the publisher of a local paper, as it is that of every sensible business man, is to provide a maintenance for himself and family, not by any means despis ing the incidental profits that may re sult from his efforts. But the true functions of the journalist do not end here, for his paper must always occu py, to some extent, the position of a -public mouthpiece, from which he cannot, without churlishness towards the community, and more or less in jury to his own welfare, entirely ex clude the popular voice. On the other hand, the newspaper which permits itself to be the mere "organ” through which individuals or cliques may ad vance their personal or political inter ests, is undeserving of popular confi dence, and is not often pecuniarly suc cessful. Independence and self-res pect may characterize the infant weekly of the backwoods or the prai rie, as fitly as the same qualities are sustained in the blanket sheet of the metropolis. An adherence to themjn every situation will be found among the surest means of obtaining a per manent foothold. The skillful and successful editor will understand the art of adapting his thoughts and t heir expression to the general tone of the community in which he is placed, without incurring any sacrifice of per sonal independence or dignity. When he marks out a course which he be lieves to be reasonable and right, and pursues it with honesty and energy, he not only accomplishes a great step in establishing his personal reputa tion, but is almost sure to be met with a substantial response from the con stituency which he addresses. The merits of a country newspaper, as of nearly everything else in the world, may be measured by its suc cess, In addressing ourselves to the citizens of Mechanicstown, and all that section of Frederick county north of Fishing crock to flic Pennsylvania line —the upper districts of the Red Laud and Mountain region, we intend to go on in the work of improvement and development. We humbly con ceive that this vast area has not had full justice done to it as a grain grow ing, fruit growing and mineral and lumber region. To act as an engineer in the pathway of science and enter prise, to develope the hidden resour ces of a section of country full of his torical lore and abounding with prac tical questions of infinite value to the antiquarian, the man of business, the merchant, mechanic and farmer, are points which cannot be overlooked. The Clarion will direct its energies to ch^. -vitality to and draw out a fund of local knowledge of the wants, purposes and utilitarian designs and ends of the people residing within these limits, and make it a household treasure of recorded facts. Eiumitts burg, Creagerstown, Lewistown, Sa billasville, Wolfsville, Rocky Ridge, Graceham, Utica, Woodsboro’, Pipe creek, Germantown, Smithfield, and the adjacent vicinities will come within the scope of our design. Success in the newspaper world cannot be won without earnest, faith ful work. In no other occupation is unceasing industry more necessary, and in none will idleness or neglect work more certain disaster. Having put our hands to the plow, we shall press on and unfold our aims and ob jects as we progress: and steer our little craft by the principles of jus tice, enterprise and common sense. We ask our friends to aid us in the undertaking to which we are now committed, and in which our all is embarked. Support us and we will support you and advance your mate rial interests. . Touching. —A little newsboy at tempting to jump from a city car, the other day, fell under the car, and was fearfully mangled. As soon as he could speak, he called piteously for his mother, and a messenger was sent at once to bring her to.him. When arrived, she hung over'the dying boy in an agony of grief. ■* • ■ “Mother," be whispered r with a painful effort, "I sold four newspapers —and —the money is in my pocket." With the band of death upon his brow, the last thought of the suffering child was for the poor, hard-working mother, whose burdens he was striv ; ing to lighten when* he lost his life. L 1 ■ lie who receives a good turn should ■ never forget it; he who docs one should 1 never remember it.