Newspaper Page Text
YOU. I.] “CATOCTI,\ t’LAR IOA,” A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER Containing a carefully prepared abstract nf tlic News of tlic 'Day: a Historical sketch of Past Events in Frederick county; Foreign and Domestic Intelligence; Topics nf tlic Times; carefully prepared Markets; ■ items of Interest, political or otherwise;; Local Intelligence, and a rare selection of Instructive Reading. Thumb—sl 50 in advance; $2 00 at tlic end of the year. Single copies—s cent* KATES OK AUVIIUTISINO. Transient Advertisements to he paid for invariably in advance, ! One Square, four insertions or less SI 50 “ “ each subsequent inser. 50 •• “ two months : : : 250 “ “ three months: : 250 “ “ six months ; : : 000 “ “ year : ; : : 000 Twelve lines constitute a square. A liberal deduction made to yearly advertisers. *„* Local or special notices Jlftun emts a line. .JOB PRINTING executed with neat ness and dispatch, and on liberal terms. — Materials all new and a good impression guarantied. ,|oii Work—CASH ON DELIVERY. j tin Cutiiflin I'lnrion. Silver Wedding. Just five and twenty years ago, Mv wife and I were wed ; And many an anxious Hour, 1 trow, Since then, passed o'er onr head. Sometimes we've basked in sunny bowers. And sometimes touched the thorn. When grasping at delusive bowers That life's frail path adorn. But hand in hand, resignedly. We lane traveled through the vale; And we’ve topped the ladder kindly, Knowing no such word a . "tail." And though our hearts are older, They are warm and vigorous .-till; And they never >hall grow (older. Though we’re trudging down the hill. We have no regri ts or sorrow ; Nor vain wishes to he young : For the hopes of youth, to-morrow, To oblivion may he tiling. But when friends are all im ited To approach a distant strand. Mav we ail he then united 1 n a pure and happy land. So let ns hope this happy night May annually restore The memories that here we plight For live and twenty mole. And now, my frien V. don't think amiss. If i ii lll -t tell yon so. That I'll renew the fenei’.t kiss (U live and twenty veal's ago. John Haki.ky. Jjiiltiiii'iri, Jiiini'in/ DIM. I*7l. t/n Shh'/iii/ Tilfjri'nt. NWI'C'KHItIiAA'aU nv nit., John k, johnston. It i- nut necessary to speak French,' nr walk Spanish, to write a letter from Switzerland; but will'll 1 visited these foreign countries 1 always conformed to the customs. I ate dog in Italy; plum pudding in England, poialoe in Ireland, Imrse in Bavaria, snails and frogs in France, saur kraut, pretzels and limberger in Prussia, and any quantilvof cheese in Switzerland.- This country is situated between Ger many, Italy and France. Itspopula lioti is about two and a half millions. It covers an area of 15,815 square miles. About one million of the pop ulation are Catholic, and the balance Reformists. Lutherans and Calvinists. The country is thoroughly moun-, tuitions, and traversed by several, branches of the Alps. The Jura Mountains form the boundary of the west of France. Two of the principal rivers in Europe rise in Switzerland, viz; the Rhine j and Ihe Rhone; the I’o and the inn, t ri but ary to the J himibe. also rise here, j The climate is wholesome, although rough ami temperate. Switzerland is noted fur its Glazevs : but not its pander s. It is also cele brated for being the birth place of William Tell, who used to indulge in the dangerous pastime of shotting an apple from his son's head. School children have often read about him. It is thought by many no such person ever lived as Tell. Many of the valleys have rich soil, ami are renowned for nutritious and aromatic herbs, ami the excellent Al pine pasture. Swiss breed of cattle are considered very line in Europe. 'The horses are strong and durable. The Swiss delight in hunting the chamois. The principal wild animals are the boar, wolf, lynx marmot. The rivers and lakes abound in excel lent fish. Trout are caught in great quantities. The manufactures are cottons, silks, watches and fancy wood carvings. Many persons fancy watches grow on trees, hut its a mistake. Gate He, cheese and drugs are exported.— There are several good Universities in Switzerland. The country is divided into iwcnlv-two canton ~ and the go\- j eminent is that of a Federal Republic, i They have a Congress composed of two deputies from each canton. The total revenue is about $5,000,- 000. They keep no standing army, but there are a few militia soldiers say about fifteen hundred. In war time the confederacy raises a federal armv of 70,000 men, with about 4,000 horses. j Switzerland, until the year 40G A. , D., was a Roman province, inhabited ■ by German and Roman tribes. It is mighty hard for a man to walk ■straight through this hilly country, not that he may be led astray, for there is no one to lead him in these mountains. The people all work. They must work. The women are the hardest workers and thinkers. When a man gets poor and hard up, with big owl-eyed starvation staring at him from a short distance, he will turn off and go devilward in spite of all pious pushings to the contrary. Righteousness and roast beef are lux-i urics to go hand in hand. Ihe morel von use them the better you will be. There is no need of a passport in j I Switzerland. There is n< country in 1 Europe that lias so complicated a cur-, rency. Almost every canton lias a I currency of its own. Of late, thei French currency has been adopted alii over Europe, except in England. | The people of Switzerland are gen erally everywhere. The guides are ( obliging, intelligent and hard-working| men. _ . | This’conntrv is well provided with i hotels. They arc well kept and very | clean, but they have the, reputation ofi being expensive. There is no Hdi thought to equal the small Alpine trout. Wild straw hen les are in abundance. They have j every species of drink known to the] calendar bibulous. A fine bottle of ''lemonade gazcu.se, resembles our ginger beer. The best season for travelling among ■ the Alpsds in July. August and Sep-j I ember. The .average day's expense; in Switzerland, is about two dollars.] If vott speak German mid French yon urnv travel for a dollar a day, inclu din'-_r all charges. Servants are remu nerated the same as in all other cities] -one franc, or twenty cents a day. The reined v used for blistered feet j bv the Swiss, is candle greese and! spirits, nibbed on by the hand tit night; in the morning the blisters arc gone. Sometimes the tourists snap the inside ' of their stockings before starting mi a I ramp. It is always necessary to ear rv pens, ink, paper and soap, as these ! tilings are hard t > get in the moun-j tains. ] Switzerland owes the sublimity anil diversified beauU of its scenery to the | presence of the Alps—the loftiest j mountains in Europe. In entering, IHi rv yon obtain a view from Ihe brow of a hill. Woods, hills, vil- 1 lages, lakes and silvery serpentine! livers, and a border of (leery clouds floating along the horizon, greet your vision. These are points of view when the array of Alpine peaks, presented at once to the eye, extend for more than one hundred and twenty miles from Mount Bhin*' to the Titles, and comprises hetweed two hundred and three hundred distinct summits, cap-; ped with snow. Mount Blanc is mon arch of all the mountains. j (if the lakes, it is difficult to say, which is the most beautiful. Lake (ieneva anil Lake Lucerne are the most | beautiful. Switzerland has more] , beauties iu scenery, wild and rugged; | , than any other country. There is but one opinion about these mountains, 1 lakes, cloud-capped and snow-clad hills. For the romaheiat and the artist, it is the most loveable place in j Europe. There is also a great deal of love among the people; they are also a loveable people. Love is a good thing on wheels; it is like wine, be cause it makes us happy. It will make you talk nonsense enough to physic a cast iron statue. It is like tine small pox, because those who get in love once, and then get cured, arc not liable to take it again, except in a milder form. It is like the measles, stronger with adults than with children. It is like the rain, it “falls upon the just nnd the unjust.” It is like death, because it is no respecter of persons. It. is like a shadow, because it sticks close to its object. Like a wife, be cause there is no getting rid of it. — Like a goose, because it is silly. Like a monkey, because it makes mischief. It. is often talked about, but never seen, touched or understood. It's worse to kiss a pretty woman than to be bitten by a mad dog, for both run a man mad. I did not see a single case of foolish love, or madness, in Switzerland. This is perhaps the only place on our globe where deeds of pure virtue are ancient enough to be venerable ; are consecrated by the religion of the people, and continue to command in ured and reference, No local MD, SATURDAY, MARCH 95, i*7t. perstition ho beautiful and so moral anywhere exists. The. solitude ot the Alps is a sanctuary set apart for the monuments of ancient virtues. Tell s Chapel is on Lake Lucerne, and the depth of the lake in front of the Chapel is over 800 feet. The view is very fine from this point. The great roads over the Alps are the Simplon, Cenis and the Brener. — The Simplon was the first of the great carriage roads, except the Cenis. The cost to build this road was nearly one million dollars a league. It was built by Napoleon, and is one of the great! triumphs of human power and intel lect over the obstacles presented by nature. The ascent of Mount Blanc is proba bly the most perilous and dangerous expedition a man can undertake, fori the money. A little of it goes a great | way in a small family, where there is| no money. The only use I could see i to put Mount Blanc to, was to start an j icc cream saloon upon it. r Jhe ice crop never fails. They say the cowsi here sometimes give ice cream. There are many villages and towns in Switzerland, and they are the most delightful places to visit on the conti nent. In nearly all towns they have a club, and they pay groat attention to strangers, provided they wear good clothes, as I did. The principal roads over the Alps have been supplanted bv railroads; but a few years ago they used the stage coach —called a dilligence. Geneva is more variable in its cli mate than any part of Switzeiland, and more so than Paris. As I have said before, the Swiss are considered as most trusty and honest. This country has always been an asylum for political refugees from Italy, Eng land. France, Prussia, Austria and Spain. But while the natives are honest. I don't think they are eele brated for their wisdom and knowl edge at least their wisdom never prevents their sleeping at night. The less wisdom a man has between his head and his heart the better he is off. For knowledge, full grown, is worse than a big rat gnawing at our small store-house of pleasure, leaving nothing but miserable crumbs. 1 don’t think much o! wise people. r lht'j fool is bappv. lie amuses himself ; catching Hies and playing with straws, j 110 has no care of the morrow, and ■ the morrow no rare for him. He sits! musing in lazy silence, calculating how j imieh misery and mischief are in the world, and wonders whether the devil is of any use; now that everybody has; beeomo’so well acquainted with him.. Me don’t cure who calls him an ass, or| a nincompoop. He smiles, grins, bows, bobs, and is always ready to re tail gossip and slander. And he is the happiest in seeing his neighbor i miserable. He says to himself what | is the odds; so long as he is happy. Now the Swiss people have one! great qualification. They attend! strictly to their own affairs, and their own business. They try to make life a- happy for everybody as any other nation. There is not much wit in them. The nations for wit are Irish, Americans and English. In the Ger man and Swiss there is no such thingi as punning, or witticism. Their funny men make queer faces. It is common for tourists to walk in Switzerland. On all the roads you see pedestrians ; in fact the only way to sec this country effectually, is to walk—there are so many mountain paths, which a horse or mule cannot t ravel. Game is very scarce as a gen eral thing. On all the principal lakes there are small steamboats which convey pas sengers up and down, stopping all along the shores. The scenery ot Switzerland is not at all monotonous. There is more to see of a peculiar kind of scenery than in any other country ; and for a most delightful summer re treat, where all the comforts of life are needed ; where you are shut out from the rude, world ; where you live on mill; and honey, and pure hospi tality .abounds, go direct to Switzer land, for you will not find it su abun dant in any other place. Everybody enjoys the personal privilege of working hard. That’s a luxury at least. People don’t walk around picking up loose dollars in the street. It's a big thing to get work ; and a bigger one to be able to do it. It reconciles pride to a dilapidated hat, superannuated pants and a second hand shirt; it renders things possible that were impossible, and it promotes health and wealth. It is the goal to enterprise, the spur to ambition, the prop to resolution ; it is better than Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup would be to a bull dog for the possession of a bone. Nothing so effectually hides what I we are as silence. An Irishman's definition of nothing —a footle..: stocking without any leg. 1 l Widow Jon oh" tow. ‘ Widower Smith’s wagon slopped one morning before Widow Jones’, and gave the usual signal that he wanted [ somebody in the house, by dropping his elbows on his knees. ( Out tripped j * the widow, lively as a cricket, with a j tremendous black ribbon on her snow-! * white cap. Good morning was soon said on both sides, and the widow ' waited for what was further to be said. [ “We*l. ma’am Jones; perhaps you ' don’t ‘-SAnt to sell one of your cows, i no how, nothin’, no way, mo you ?" j "Well, there, Mister Smith, you | couldn’t have spoken my mind better, j A poor, lone woman like me does not' know what to do with so many crea- j Hires, and 1 should be glad to trade,! , i if wo can fix it." j So they adjourned to the meadow— | Fanner Smith looked at Roan—then 1 at the tviilow —then at the Downing (cow —then at the widow again—and] iso on over the whole forty. The same ; I call was made every day for a. week. I hut Farmer Smith could not, decide I which cow he wanted. At length, on Saturdav, when widow Jones was in a hun v to get through her linking tor Sundav—and had ever so much to do; in the house, as all farmers’ wives and I widows have on Saturday—she was a j little impatient. Farmer Smith was as irresolute as ever. “ That Downing cow is a pretty fair creature but" —he stopped and glanced at the widow’s face, and then walked around her—not the widow,] hut (he cow, “That ore short horn Durham is not ■ a bail looking beast, but 1 dun I know 1 —another look at the widow. | “The Downing cow 1 know before! the late Dr. Jones bought her. Here] he sighed at (he allusion to the late Mr. Jones. She sighed, and tlmy! both looked at each other. It was a; highly interesting moment. "Old Roan is a faithful old milch, j and so is Brindlo— -but 1 have known j better." A long Stare succeeded this; speech—the pause was getting awk- , ward, and at last Mrs. Jones broke| out ; “ I,aw 1 Mr. Smith. If I’m the cow; . you want, do say so I’ The intentions of Widower Smith ■ j and the Widow Jones were duly pub-! j lished the next day, as is the law and I custom in Massachusetts, and a- soon jas tiiev were “out published," they j were married. i Spanish MuUKmin ami Hal runs ) It is the smallness of income and' I the necessity of looking sharply to the I means of life that makes the young people of Madrid so prudent in their; love affairs. 1 know of no place where ] I ugly heiresses are such belles, and. | where young men witli handsome in-' comes are so universally esteemed by] all who know them. The stars on the ! sleeves of voung officers are more re-! jgarded than (heir dancing, and tlm] red belt of the field ollieer is as win ning in the eycsot beauty as a cost us; of Venus. A subaltern offered bis band and heart to a black-eyed girl of Castile. She said kindly but firmly that the night was too cloudy.— j "What!” said the stupefied lover, “Hie skv is full of stars. ' “I see hut one, said the prudent beauty, her line eyes resting pensively upon his cuff, where one luminary indicated hi- rank. j If men were never henpecked except ] by learned wives, Spain would be thei j place of all others for timid men to marry in. The girls are bright, viva-] cions, and naturally very clever, but j they have scarcely itnv education whatever. They never know the dif ference between b and v. They throw themselves in orthography entirely upon your benevolence. They know a little music and a little French, but | they have never crossed, even in a school day excursion, the border lino of the ologies. They do not even read novels. They are regarded as injuri ous, and can not he trusted to the d lughters until mamma has read them. I Mamma never lias time to read them, and so they are condemned by default. Fenian Cabellero, in one of her sleepy little romances, refers to this illiterate character of the Spanish ladies, and says it is their chief charm —that a Christian woman, in good so ciety, ought not to know anything beyond her cookery book and her mis sal. There is an old proverb which coarsely conveys this idea: A mule that whinnies and a woman that talks Latin never come to any good. There is a contented acquiescence in this moral servitude among the fair Span iards which would madden our agita tresses. It must be the innocence which ■ springs from ignorance that induces j an occasional coarseness of expression which surprises you in the conversa tion of those lovely young girls. They j will speak with perfect freedom of the * etatcivilofa young unmarried mother, j A maiden of fifteen said to me; “1 must go to a party this evening dccol letee, and I hate it, Benigno is get ! ting old enough to marry, and he wants to see all the girls in low neck before he makes up bis mind." They swear like troopers without a thought !of profanity. Their mildest expression lof surprise is Jrsu Maria! They | change their* oaths with the season. At the feast of the Immaculate Con ception, the favorite oath is liana Purminva. This is a time of especial interest to young girls. It is a period of compulsory confession —conscience- cleaning, as they call it. They are all j very pious in their way. They attend Llo their religious duties with the same : interest which they displayed a few ! veai's before in dressing and undress ing their dolls, and will display a few I vears later in putting the lessons they learned with their dolls to a more i practical use. Marriage Maxims. ' A good wife is the greatest earthly blessing. A man is what his wife makes him. It is the mother who moulds the i character and destiny of the child. Make marriage a matter of moral j judgment. j Murry into a different blood and temperament from your own. Mm rv into a family which you have long known. 'Never both manifest eager at once. Never speak loud to one another.! I unless the house.is on tire. ■ _ | j Never rolled on a past action which | | was done with a gfiod motive and with ; I the best judgment at the time, j Lot each one try to yield oitencst to the other. _ | ! Let self-abnegation be the daily aim j ; and effort to each. The verv nearest approach to do j nie.-tic felicity on earth is mutual dll-1 i tiviilioii of an absolute unselfishness. | ! Never find fault unless it is perfect- j ! |v certain (hat a fault has been com-l • mitted, and even then prelude ii with I a kiss, and lovingly. I Never allow a requed to bo repeat-! | pd, *•] forget," is never an acceptable i excuse. I Never make a remark at the cx i'cnse oft lie ellicr: ii is meanness. WISDOM AND TRUTHS. Little ran be done well to which the i whole mind is nut applied. | Men do less than they ought, unless thev do all that they can. Wit. without discretion, is a sword , in the hand of a fool, j Truth, like the sun, submits to he : oliseured, hut only for a time. ; The rase lias its thorn, the diamond 1 its speck, and the best man his failing. I Where gold and silver dwell in the heart faith, hope, and love are out of doors. | The superior man has n dignified Case without pride. The mean man ! lias a pride without dignity. A hair-dresser who can cut your j hair without venturing to make any cutting observations on it. Every good act is Charily. A man’s true wealth hereafter is the good lie does to his iVllowmen. A distinguished teacher, and presi dent of a college, defined genius to be j “the power of making efforts." I The friend that hides from us our j faults is of less service to us than the [enemy that upbraids us with them, j Silence ahme is a powerful weapon. An Arab says: "Silence is often an I answer.” Yes, and an eloquent one. ; A smile may be bright while the : heart is sad —the rainbow is beautiful in (ho air, while beneath is the moan ing of the Sea. Spare that you may spend ; fast that you may feast; labor that you may | live : and run that you may rest. 1 1 is Fetter to sow a young heart with generous thoughts and deeds than a Held with corn, since the heart s harvest is perpetual. However many friends you may have, do not neglect yourself; though you have a thousand, not one of them loves you so much us you ought to love yourself. Experience teaches, it is true, but never leaches in time. Each even brings its lessons, and each lesson is remembered; but the same event never occurs again. Measured by man s desires, ho can not live long enough; measured by Ids good deeds, lie has not lived long enough ; measured by his evil deeds, he has lived too long. What a world of gossip would be prevented if it was only remembered that a person who tells you of the faults of others, intends to tell others nf your faults. The present only is in man's pos session ; the past is gone from his hand, I w in*ll v, irrevocably. He may sutler ! from it, learn from it. in degree, per- I haps, expiate it, but to brood over it ' is utter wadiic.;.:. [SO. I. Poor Napoleon I M. Louis Napoleon—for so wo must now call him, as he is no longer an Emperor —knows what it is to be a prisoner, lie has been told by his keepers, the authorities at Berlin, that he must issue no more manifestoes. Our readers will remember the one bo put forth a few days since, the evident object of which was to excite a sympa thy in his favor. Being a prisoner ol war, and having no recognized civil or political existence, he clearly had no right to issue any such a document, and although it was a very harmless one, yet future manifestoes may hot be so innocuous. Prussia has, there fore, done well to silence him. But. we apprehend that it will not be long before he is released from bis captivity. The conclusion of the war will be fol lowed by an exchange of prisoners, when Louis will be suffered to leave his present residence. If not prohib ited, he will no doubt return to Paris; but las residence there will be far from comfortable, and it maybe dangerous. There is very little chance of his over being again placed at the head of the Government, and Thiers is his bitter enemy, lie may therefore rejoin his wife and spend his remaining days in England. He is a completely “used up ’ man ; the bubble of bis reputation has exploded, and, so far from thinking shat his son will ascend the French throne, we believe the French people are sick of the name of Napoleon. Ft I has been significant of misfortune to them, and under both Napoleons lias | Paris been occupied by foreign troops, I disgraced and humiliated, and the pair I have been arrested and confined as prisoners. Napoleon and bis family ! are oli’ete. Let us hope for a rational and liberty-loving Republican Govern ment iu France. Secuet ofH.utixess. — An Italian bishop, who had struggled through many difficulties without repining, and been much oppressed without mani festing impatience, being asked by a friend to communicate the secret of his being always so happy, replied, ••It consists in a single thing, and that is, making a right use of ray eyes. ’ His friend, in surprise, begged him to explain his meaning. “Most willing ly," replied the bishop. "In whatso ever state I am. 1 first of all look up to heaven, and remember that my great busimss is to gel there. 1 then look down upon earth, and ■ all to my mind how small a spaee [ shall soon fill in it. I then look abroad in the world, and see what multitudes tire, in all re spects, less happy than myself. And tints I learn where true happiness is placed, where all my cares must end, and how little reason I ever had to murmur, or to bo otherwise than thankful. And to live in this spirit is to bo always happy." “You must have lived here a long time,” said a traveling Englishman to an old Oregon pioneer. “Yes sir, 1 have. Do you see that mountain? Well, when I came here that mountain was a hole in the ground I" The En glishman opened Ids half-shut eyes. A cockney tourist met with a Scotch lassie going barefoot toward Glasgow. “Lassie," said he, "I should like to know if all the people in this part go barefooted?" “Part on ’em Jo and the rest on ’em mind their own busi ness,’’ was the rather settling reply. A boy bawling in the street was asked flic cause of his trouble, and re plied : “I want my mamma; that's the matter. 1 told the darned thing she’d lose me." A good man and a wise man may at times be angry with the world, at limes grieved for if; but bo sure no man was ever discontented with the world who did his duty in it. A young lady went info a music store and asked the clerk if he had “Loving Eyes." He replied, I’m told so by the girls.’ Female pickpockets all wear the convenient Arab shawls. They fold their shawls like the Arabs, and si lently steal away. All ell’orls to make bay by gaslight have failed, but it is discovered that wild oats can be sown under its cheer ful rays. A doctor was asked to dance the “Lancers." He declined, but ex pressed a willingness to lance the dancers. Boston is in a convulsion of laughter over a woman who refused to buy beef on account of the cattle disease, and took a pound of liver in stead. ffejy “The good are taken first," does not apply to photograph estab lishments or barber shops. Each must take his or her turn, good or wicked.