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VOL. I.J “CATOCTIM CLARION,” A WEEKLY NEWSPAPER Containing a carefully prepared abstract of the News of the Day; a Historical sketch of Past Events in Frederick county; Foreign and Domestic Intelligence; Topics of the Times; carefully prepared Markets; items of Interest, political or otherwise; Local Intelligence, and a rare selection of instructive Reading. Terms— sl 50 in advance ; |3 00 at the end of the year, jgg” Single copies—s cents. RATES OK ADVERTISING Transient Advertisements to be paid for Invariably in advance. • .■ . One Square, four insertions or leas 91 ,0 *• •* each subsequent inscr. 50 •• “ two months : : : 250 " “ three months: : 51 50 •• “ six months : : ; 000 “ “ one j’car ; : : : 900 Twelve lines constitute a equate, jgy* A liberal deduction made to yearly advertisers. • # * Local or special notices fifteen cents a line. .1011 PRINTING executed with neat ness and dispatch, and on liberal terms Materials all new and a good impression ON DELIVERY. Town Authorities. Commissioners: VAN R. OSLER, President of the Hoard. Van IV Osier, I Geo. W. Foreman, John R. Ronzcr, | Geo. W. Stocksdale. t'-haiuhcrs .1. Ctecger. Reuben Osier, .Insticc of I lie Peace; Hi ram Arthur, ('onstable. The ('hhkciii-.s. St, John's Knmrje'.laA J,>it/u faii— Rev. J. (summers, Pastor. Itiformi’ l (-l/v>/<'<)-Rev. N.E. (iilds, 1 as ter. Imitrd lln thri ;i—Ri-v. John K. Nelson, Pastor. \frthmlist Ayi/Vvfyie/ Rev. Thomas J. Cross, Pastor. Residence, Kmmillsburg. I'iittmUe Rev. Father John McCloskey, Pastor. Out) Fr.t.t.own It \i,t . J loin >V/v tf—Randolph W.Tesehe. Nohle Grand. anna TK.MI'I, Mts. Alhci't Foreman is the right Worthy Chief of (he Order of Good Templars. the mui.s. The mail for Raltimore daily (except Sunday I leaves this place every afternoon | by tie 0;(H train. The stage for Frederick, with the mail, leaves here every Tuesday, Thursday ami Salurdav moruings. The “lage for F.mnliltshurg, With the mail, leaves every day immediately alter the arrival of the I'.MIT train from Rah<-| The mail for SahillasviHe lea" ' l>l ’ I horseback . very Tuesdav t liiirnlay and. Salut'd: y. ( oidit) OllU'Ci's. Chief Judge of the Cirettit Court—Win.) ], Maulshv. „ . I Associate Judges—John A. Lynch. M V. Route. 1 Clerk of Circuit Court—Charles Muntz I Crier of “ 11 —P. Goodman- Frederick J. Ne!<m. Stair's Ittorney —Francis Im-hglo. Regist r of Wills—Sebastian G. Coekcy. Jndc'S of the Orphans’ Court—Henry Houi.v, Chief Judge; John A. Simmons, , Jopithtin I). English, Asset-kites. .'licrifl—Hiram Barlgis. (Vmirty Commissioners —IVwilt Clinton Johnson, Ji’shtta Mutter. H. Keefer Thomas, Lebis-us Griffith, Joseph If. Rrown. Clerk to Commissioner.*—John Need. Attorney to the County Commissioners —C. V. S. Lew. Collector of Taxes—f.-foyd 11. Herring. County Surveyor—Jeremiah T. Brown ing. JSkckkt (>v Ha vn xess.—An Italian | Bishop, w?io Lad struggled through i many difficulties without repining,and I been much opposed without manifest- j ing impatience, being asked by a friend to commtinrcate the secret of his being always happy, replied : “It consists in a single thing, and that is, making a right use of my eyes.’' His friend, in I surprise, begged him to explain his meaning. “.Most willingly,’’ replied the bishop. “In* whatsoever state I am, J lirst of all feok tip to heaven, and remember that my great business is to gel there : I lock' down upon earth, and call to mind how small a space I shall soon* fill in it; I then look abroad in the* world, and I see what multitudes are in till respects less.happy than myself; and then I learn where all my cares must end, and how little reason I ever had to murmur, or to lie otherwise than thankful. And to live in this spirit ss to be always happy.” Home. —If there is one word that ♦ills the heart with joy, it is "home;” home is an old worn, yet it has invin cible power that can never lesson or! wear out. There is no other word in j language that clusters so many pleasing j attentions, and that so powerfully ex-j cites onr feelings. We are hound to it by ties of early affection, by years! of childhood, by a father's and brother’s friendship, by a mother's and sister’s love. Home; murmur but its name, and wlmt happy recol lections shoot through the heart, and our brain is wild with emotion. Our spirits, however depressed'by sorrow or atlliction—however much we have been stunned by the rough change of life, sometimes turns to the memories! of “bom*.*, sweet home.” From the Nett York Tribune. SUMMER. BT ORPHEUS Ci Kfctltl. The fickle year is in its golden prime; The world is dreaming In a hazy luster, And round the altars of out Summer clime The blushing roses cluster, Upon the mountain dwells impassioned light, And in the valley sleeps It shade, depress ing, While fields of Waving wealth enchant the sight, LHcc gbM of God’s own blessing. The plowman rests lietwecfl the wayside tree, The stream curls slowly round the hooft of cattle; And o’er the meadow floats the droning lice. Fresh from his flowery battle. Soft through the southern meshes of the vine, I hear the birds unto each other calling; And in the casket of the eglantine The tropic dews are falling. Far in the distance rolls the sluggish sea, With not enough of life in all its breath ing To bid the sail from its rude tmnds go free, Ami spurn its hempen wreathing. On all there rests a halo and a hush, The spell of poesy is on the blossom. And Nature’s spiril’sluinbers in a blush, Caught from high heaven's bosom. The past and future blend in one sweet sleep. The world's a dream, and care a hidden nuttntner, Whose tears, however sadly he may weep, Are hilt the (lews of Summer. 4*4—' Courting under IMlllciillicfl. hy ost tviip Has M);en tnviiK. I made the .'icquaiidslife nf a young ladv once at it party, Who was fitther 1 goo 1-looking, tiiid I’luting rathef eus | ccptihle, of course fell in loVt i J accompanied theyoum..'lady home, i I tint had a very polite invitation from j the voting lady's lather to stay at I ; home ! lint nothing !.muted, I re-j solved to win .Line Anti at all hazards. | If anything, I rather liked old D 'td objections, for that made the thing ro-i ■ mantic, you know. | j Tiic licit evening, knowing that( ; Jane Ann would he at (-Lurch, I bor- I rowed n horse and Carriage from a i friend, and went there for the purpose , of taking dam- Ann home after church I was over. I am afraid I did not pay much at ! million to tin: sermon on that evening ; l and I thought at tlnvtime, it was the | longest I had ever listened to. Hut j as everything earthly hits tin end, so had that, sermon ; and 1 thought it the hapjtiest moment in my life when 1 assisted Jane Ann into my carriage. We of course took the longest road possible to Mr, D and as it was an opposite direction frinn my horse’s home, and as he had tint had his sup per, he did not care much about going; but I at last got him nrider way, and then I gave my attention to my com panion, and commenced conversation which ran thus: “Dear Jane, is not this beautiful, whoa there, where are you going to. The last was addressed to the horse, who had suddenly taken a notion to i turn are-umi. ■'.See bow beautiful the moon, whoa I there, where in the dickens are yon j going to. The horse was going square into the fence. i “Oh, Jane, I have wished for this opportunity to, whoa there, confound 1 that horse, I long wished for this op portunity to tell you how much, come out of that, you oatmuneher. Where in the mischief are you going to. The horse was going into the fence again, hut I straightened him and commenced again. “I have long wanted to tell you, Jane, how much 1 love you, come out of that you sou-of-a-gun, what are you | turning around for? And oh, Jatfte, if I thought yon, where the duse are you going, whoa there, loved' me naif 1 as well as, confound that horse,— Whoa there, I love you, come out of that, I would he perfectly, confound that horse, yes Jane, I would be per fectly, darn that horse. Whoa, tilery It was too late. The horse turneu square around, upsetting the carriage and breaking it all to smash, but for ; Innately not hurting Jane nor I. I , I walked home with Jane, but never ! finished my speech, j The carriage cost, me forty dollars to J get it repaired, and 1 have not indulged ;, in the luxury of falling in love since. !i , I Jttr “Never," says a hen-pecked ' man, "marry a woman worth more 1 than thou art. When I married my . wife I was worth fifty cents, and she had sixty-two cents; and when any difference Las occurred between us ■ she throws up the odd shilling." Judy thinks young-ladies arc better fast adept- than “fast awake," JIECHAHICSTOWIV, MD.) SATURDAY, JXXY I, 1871. A Thrillltaic Incident. Gen. Lee in Mexico.— When Gen. Scott commanded the array ih Mexico, it became necessary to explore a moun tain that lay between him and the enemy’s camp. It was one of those lofty peaks whose summit cleft the clouds, and reached the regions of eternal snow. The sides were precip itous, and clad in a tangled web of brush wood and rugged rocks, which made the ascent seem perilous, if not impossible. There was some difficulty, therefore, in finding ati officer bold enough to undertake the task. At last a young lieutenant stepped for ward and offered his services. He was acceptedj and having secured a small company of men, set out for the mountain. They found it more un promising than eVeft their fears had foretold. There was flo sigh of path, no trace to show that human footstep had tired in ths toilsome ascefit; they used both hands and feet with dili gence, swinging themselves up by the undergrowth, climbing over rocks, or making a toilsome journey around them ( till one after another gave up, and determined to make the best of his way hack. Before half the ascent was accomplished the voting leader was left alone: most, men would have given up in utter despair. Not so with the young lieutenant. There was a spark of heroic lire in his breast not to be quenched by difficulties how ever arduous. He paused long enough to take breath, and away he went again. The path became wilder atid wilder, and the: hero stands panting on the icy summit. Thcte was a mo ment's pause of exultation ; he saw beneath his feet the clouds that, a few hours since, had seemed so fat above him. Hut the broad summit was yet to he explored aiffl he hastened on.— •The rttrilied air affected him painfully, land the cold was intense, dilst as I immediate descent became a matter of j lift- or death, he discovered the 1*110)1' j mountain side Was a sheet of ice. TltTe was tto time for thought hyj I death seemed .preferable to ths on, ! that would overtake him if he delayed a moment.. With n hasty prayed he I threw himself, feet foremost, ofi the I slippefW surface. Down he went, at a dizzy, breathless speed. The clouds passed upward and became sky once more, and awaydotVfi lielow, stretched a deep, (lear lake. There was fiot a tree or shrub to break his course, and death seemed inevitable. Down, down, down, hut lo! the ice grows thinner and thinner, it softens, it cracks, and his feet are planted in firm, most earth on the verge of the lake that had so nearly been his grave, The sun had melted the ice just enough for it to give way in time to save him. Since then hhas stood on ft more: perilous height, the summit of fame, gained by the same dauntless courage that characterized his youthful exploit —for the yuuhg lieutenant Was Rob ert E. Lee. The enhstatice of the above incident was related by himself during the, summer sojoufrt at the Peaks of Otter, in Virginia, a short time befotc his death [N. O. Pi ray ure. <.— tVhal WoniHii It*. It miivt be home in blind that all the foibles attributed to women are but the characteristics of mankind in general. It is sard, there is nothing fixed, immutable, and steadfast in the character of woman. True it is, most true, that they are as changeable as ’ light—tut fluctuating as the shadow of ! a summer sea. But are not men— particularly the more youthful part— ‘ at least the more sensitive, the more poetical —as changeable, as capricious ? But this very love of change and ! vanity is the consequence of a quick, ' apt, sensible, and precipitate nature; 1 and such a nature is woman’s, as it 1 shows itself in everything around her, \ and in everything she does. Whose mind is struck so forcibly as bers by ' the striking and brilliant images traced out by painting and poetry ? Whose eye so quick as hers for color? Whose ear so formed for the changes and vi ; brations of sound ? ‘ Her only attachment is home, ami : that she carries about with her. Her \ vitality is untouched, her sympathies _ arc unhurt by the influence of foreign customs, or of a strange sky and air. In her youth she may nave blossomed I about the doorway of a cottage; iu after-life she may be transplanted to a house in the city, made to breathe 1 the hot and air—to bask in the artificial-sunshine—in the shadow, \ in the smoke, aud in the thick atmos phere of a town. But even there she 1 is happy—even there she is making sweet everything she touches, anil shedding w light and' cheerfulness on every side of her. Her countenance is ta pleasant as ever, j Her playful laugh is heard as of yorr tbr the Clarion, Aaperalon of Pelnttleg* Mb. Need;—The following senti ments are taken from an old paper. — I hand them to you for publication) and hope that you will give them a place in your paper, knowing that your columns are always open for any- 1 thing that has for its object the eleva tion of “God's last and best gift to man, G* Nevetjise a lady’s name in an im propcn place, at any improper time) or in wicked company. Never make as sertions about her that you think are untrue, or allusions that you feel she would herself blush to hear. When you meet with men who do not scruple to make use of woman's name in a reckless and unprincipled manner, shun them, for they are the vety worst men of society—men lost to every sense of honor —every feeling of humanity. Many a good and worthy woman's character has been forever ruined, and her heart broken by a lie, manufac tured by some villain, and repeated where it should not have been, and in the presence of those whose judgment should deter them from circulating the foul and bta.ten report. A slander is soon propagated, and the smallest thing derogatory to a woman’s character, will tly on the wings of the wind, and magnify as it circulates, until its monstrous weight crushes the poor unconscious victims. Respect the name of Woman, for your mother and sisters Are women ; and as you would have t heir fair name untarnished, and their lives nnem hittcred by the slanderer's biting tongue ( heed the ill that your own words tuay bring upon the mother, sister, or the wife of some fellow crea ture. RalMWad Siunals. —The Varieties of the “totie" of the locomotive and gv ration-- of the arms of the conductors ; by day at lanterns by night at* 1 about }s intelligent to some people as first class Choctaw. The following will give the reader a correct idea of their signification : Une whistle—"Denvii brakes." Two whistles —“Oti brakes." Three whistles—“ Back up." Continuous whistles—" Danger." A rapid succession of short w histles I is the cattle alarm at which the brakes, l will always be put down. A sweeping parting of hands on | level of eyes is a signal to “go ahead." ! A downward motion of the hands, I with extended arms, “to stop." A beckoning motion of one hand, “to back.” A lantern raised and lowered ver-- tically is rt signal for “starting;"l I swung at right angles or cross-ways) ■ the track, “to stop;" swnng in a circle, “to back the train." A red ting Waved upon the track must be regarded ns a signal of danger. So of other signals given with energy. Hoisted art a station is a signal for a train “to stop," Stuck by the nwlside it is a signal of danger on the track ahead. Carried unfurled upon an engine it is a warning that another engine or train is on its way. A lIISTOMIA’AI. DOil IttEXT. ■ |..aFayette’s Agreement to Serve i tHE United Sr axes.—Among certain ; old papers lately found in the Treas ■ ury Department at Washington, is the , original agreement made’ by Lafayette with Mr. Silas Beane, American Cotn f misskmer at Paris-, in 1776, to serve in - the war of the revolution. Here it is, - as translated for the Cleveland Herald ■ by Mr. Darius Lyman, who explains ? that Mr. Deane's name, which ought 1 to follow the last paragraph, does nut , appear —probably because that part of ; the paper is duplicate. The signature t of Lafayette is unquestionably genu , ine. The desire manifested by the Mar qui de Lafayette to serve in the 1 armies of the United States of North j America, and the interest he takes in ; the justice of her cause, inspiring him - to seek opportunity to distinguish himself in the war, and as far as itv I him lies to render service therein : r but being unable to hope fur the a>- s sent of his family to his serving in a i foreign country, and to his crossing . the seas, unless he should gu in the I capacity of a general officer, I have i deemed that I could? not better serve > my country and those under whose > commission I act, than- by conferring I I upon him in l the name of the honcra , | ble Congress, the rank of major geu ■ eral, which I beg the States to ratify ■ and confirm to him, and to transmit ; his commission therefor, that from this i date he may hold the same, and may i 1 rank with the general officers of the (I earn* grade. Idle high birth, his con ! J uectiouß, the great dignities he pos sesses by h : family in thin court, his large estates in this kingdom, his per sonal worth, his reputatioh and his disinterestedness) and, aboVe all, his zeal for the freedom of our provinces, were of themselves sufficient induce ments for me to promise him the rank of major general in the natne of the United States. In evidence thereof, I have signed this document. Done at Paris this 7th day of December, 1776. On the above conditions, I oiler my self, and promise to leave y , as and when Mr. Silas Deane shall judge proper, to serve the said States with his possible devotion, without any compensation or special appointments, simply reserving to myself the liberty to return to Europe whenever my family or King shall call me. Done at Paris the 7th of December, 1776. Le M's de La Fayette. Progress of the Democracy on thrlr "Sew Departure.*’ The Democracy of lowa heve struck into the path of the “new departure.” According to a democratic contempo rary of the Monsieur Mantiliui school, who undertakes to cipher out “the demnition total,” the enlightetied lowa democrats) alter floundering about for ten years in the Dismal Swamp of dead issues, “accept the situation.” But why do they accept iff Because, as the ingenious Mantiliui says, they wish “to adapt their utterances to the big otry, the ignorance and the narrow prejudice of men who have voted with the Republican party hitherto, and who have come sincerely to believe the falsehoods of Republican politi cians and journals that Democrats are impolitic at heart rather than patriot ic" on the back track to Buchanan.— This new departure, then, is a mere gull trap. This is, indeed, a new ren dering of the old play of “She Stoops to Conquer." But the movement is going ahead. The hint was given from Tammany Hall, the opening ar gument was thrown out by Mr. John Quincy Adams, the ball was set in motion in Ohio by Mr. Vallaiulighum, and, "right about face," the Democra cy have since rolled it through Penn sylvania to the Ohio river, and down that beautiful river to Kentucky, and thence up the mighty Mississippi to lowa, and so, from State to State, they will keep “the ball a rolling on" till | the meeting of the grand National ! Democratic Sanhedrim of 1872. What then 7 Then, and before that | day, we shall learn what (his new de parture really im-afts. It means at | present that, after lighting the issues) settled by the war down to the late I Connecticut election, the result in | Connecticut, from the "nigger balance !of power." left no alternative to the astonished Democracy but the accep tance of the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments, including negro emancipation, negro civil and political equality, negro suffrage and all. In accepting flie situation, then, and “the constitution as it is," the Northern Democracy simply accept Uncle Tom "as a man and a brother." Under "the constitution as it was," in the good old Democratic days of Buchanan, and by a decision of the Supreme Court of the United states, persons of African descent had “no rights which white men were bound to respect." And this Was the constitu : tioft of the Democracy down to the ! late Connecticut election. Now, in accepting the constitution as amended ■ by the Republicans, making free and . equal all people, of all color and till . races, as citizens, the Northern De i mocracy, in a single bound, jump from 1861 to 1871, and from the I)cmo l cratic platform of Jell' Datis and Bu s chanan to the Republican platform of t “Old Ben W adc" and General Grant, t Call yen not this high ground and f lofty tumbling? - Dry wlirrl about, and turn about, and do jffsso; And ebery time dry wheel about dry jump Jim Crow: But does this advance the Democra t cy or does it set them back ? That is i the question. There is certainly no i enthusiasm in the party organs over i this new departure. What with their \ explanations and apologies and quib : bling excuses,- and what with the - grow lings and 1 grumblings of the‘tin i reconstructed, it is evident that this y new medicine is a nauseous dose to the unterrified. To give up all that they ; have been fighting Air since the ; Charleston 1 Convention 1 , and to sign all 5 that the Radicals have done, by means f of lire and sword, since the election of • Lincoln, in the liberation and eleVa • tion of “the d—d nigger," is in truth ■ a hitter dose to your regular old line ; red-hot Democrats, dyed in the wool i by the Dretl Bcott decision. Nor is it ■ j likely that they will for a year or two, ; even on this new departure, escape • the consequences of a continuous fight ■j on these dead issues on their line of i march, ilcpccially will c.-atinuous [HO. 18. bushwacking be the case from the Confederate crossroads of Kentucky to the alligator swamps of Florida and Louisiana. Jeff Dabis has developed the real fire of the old Democratic flint in the cotton States, and Stephens and Toombs Speak fot a host of South ern Confederacy men when they say that your fourteenth and fifteenth amendments are frauds and outrages committed upon a prosttate people by a radical despotism, and that these frauds \ViJI never be accepted by the Southern chivalry; Tils new Demo cratic departure, then, will strengthen General Grant in the South; and what it is going to do fot the Democracy in the North we shall begi;i to discover in the coming fall election. [N. Y. Herald. CITY HOTEL, FJiEt'KIUCK CITY, MARYLAND. F. B. CARLIN, Proprietor. THIS popular and well known Hotel, having been thOrougly renovated, offers many advantages to the travelling public. The exterior of the Hotel, which is now four stories, presents a beautiful appear ance, and will compare favorably with any structure of the kind in the State The en tire arrangements of the Hotel are in keep ing with its outward appearance, and is supplied with every modern improvement and convenience, and has been newly fur nished throughout at a very heavy cost. No pains or expenses will be omitted to pro mote the comfort of guests. The enviable reputation the Hotel has acquired since the undersigned has taken charge of it, furnishes the most satisfactory evidence of his ability to please all who mav favor him With their patronage. There is attached to the Hotel a spacious Billiard Room, newly fitted Up, a Barber Shop, Bath House, &c. Attentive and polite servants will always be in attendance to wait upon guests during the day or at any hour Of the night. Respectfully. Frank b. carlin, ■pi 1(5 ly Proprietor. Thu hObix, M JOHN 0. WnlTTtkß. My O'd Welch neighbor over the way Crept slowly out in the sun of spring, Pushed from her ears the locks of gray, And listened to hear the robin sing. Her grandson, playing at marbles, stopped, And, cruel in sport as boys will be, Tossed a stone at the bird, who hopped From bough to bough in the apple trcC; “Nay!” said the grandmother; “have .you not heard, *f.V poor, bad boy, of the fiery pit, Aim how, drop by drop, this merciful bird Carries the water that qnenches if/ “He brings cool dew in his little bill, And lets it fall on the souls of sin; You can see the mark On his red breast still Of fires that scorch as he drops it in. "Mv poor Bron rhnddvn! mv breast burned bird. Singing so sWectly from limb to limb, Very dear to the heart Of Our Lord Is lie who pities the lost like him!” I “Amen 1” I said to the beautiful myth ; i i "Sing, bird of God, in my heart as well r 1 i Each good thought is a drop Wherewith I To cool and lessen the tires of hell. ‘ I "Prayers of Jove, like rain-drops, fall, • ] Teats of pity are cooling dew, And dear to tile heart of Our Lord arc all i 'Who suffer like Him in the good they r do !■" f From the Atlantic Monthly, for June. Old Berks Speaks! ) * ) Our readers have all doubtless heard . of Berks eounty, Pa., a Democracy . tried and true, who never flinched, , and who, since the days of Andrew 1 Jackson,- have always rolled up the i biggest kind of majorities fur the party 1 and its candidates—majorities ranging . from 4to 8,000 ! It is presumed they x know, or ought to know, what Deraoc . racy means! From the adoption of . the following resolution, in County f Convention, by a unanimous vote, it will be seen that they “accept the sit ] nation," and go for the "New v Depar ture" doctrine of Geo. 11. Pendleton i Co., and the Ohio Democracy. But u a few short years ago, the Democracy p of the Pastern Shore, and throughout the State, Were anxious far the nowil - of Goo. 11. Pendleton, of Ohio, as the Democratic candidate for the n Presidency. Will they accept him 1 now as he stands square upon the new r platform? After swallowing Frank Blair, a full fledged Abolitionist, in D 1868, we think they could lake Mr. Pendleton now, or Judge Chase, with -3 out any qualms of conscience : • Jirsolved, That we congratulate owr i Democratic brethren, throughout) the > length and ; breadth of our land-, upon 1 the flattering prospects of the success , of the Democracy ; and that Wchcarl f ily endorse and approve the nominn - tioiw and l the platform of principles !■ of the late Democratic State Convcn • tion. I , Why is the first young chicken 1 hatched of a brood like the main mast | of a ship? Because it is a little for [ ward- of the main hatch. f A girl may as well hang up her s fiddle when -he 10-’cs her beau.