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Catoctin clarion. [volume] (Mechanicstown, Md.) 1871-1940, March 06, 1913, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026688/1913-03-06/ed-1/seq-5/

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good swinging farm gate
Directions For Making One That Will
Not Sag—Old-Fashlonsd Eyebolt
Hinges Used.
To make a gate that will not sag,
set a heavy post a few Inches more j
than twice the height of the gate when j
set solidly In the ground down to
spade length, tamping earth, gravel
or small stones firmly In around the
post. Old fashioned eyebolt hinges ,
are previously put Into the post about
12 Inches from the top and the same
distance from the ground, says the !
Wisconsin Agriculturist.
Cut two pieces of heaiy scantling, ,
one six Inches shorter than the height
of the gate above the ground, and the
other twice the length of the first.
.Cut the rails from six Inch stuff and !
let them Into the heel and head posts j
their own thickness, so that the gate j
Is flush on one side. Before nailing j
up the gate, set In a brace four inches
In width, from the top of the head
post to the bottom of the heel post,
on the side of the gate that is Hush.
Mall down the rails and brace onto
A Good Farm Cate.
tlia bead and heel posts, and nail
where the brace crosses the bars
Mall on cleats over the bars at the
head and heel posts and on both sides
the middle of the gate.
Fasten cue end of a three eights
rod to the top of the heel post and the
other through the nead post with a
nut and waaher to draw the rod tight.
After It Is tightened, cut the rod ofl
oven with the nut. Wedge the guie up
In the position lu which It Is to hang
and mark the position of the hinges on
ibe heel post. Taka the gate down
bore the holes for hinges and block
*ip Into place again. Have the top
b'nge bolt so threaded that It may be
taken up by turning up the nut il
any sagging Is noticed. But bolt-*
through the post of the gate, both
above and below each hinge to pre
vent splitting.
{.Excellent Argument Presented In Fa
vor of Spring Seeding With Oats
as Nurss Crop.
A seven-acre field of alfalfa on the
'Ohio state university fai.n, at Colum
bus, presents a good argument in fa
vor of spring seeding, with oats as a
sitK'se crop. This field was seeded
April 11, at a rate of 1f pounds ot
ealfalfa and a bushel of oats per acre,
both sown In the grain drill at the
'game operation. On Jjpjy IB the oats
■were cut for hay, making % yield of
a little over a ton and a half per
Hy September 10 the alfalfa was
ready for the first cutting, and the
‘yield of field-cured hay on the seven
acres was 18,380 pounds, or a little
■<over nine tons. It is rather unusual
-to secure a crop of bay the first sea
-•on after seeding, but good seed prep
aration and favorable weather condi
lions this past summer are partly ac
countable for this excellent stand.
The field, which is level and welt
/drained, was In potatoes In 1010.
That fall It was sown to rye. which
eras plowed under the following
spring and the land planted to corn
iLast fall this corn ground was plow ed
■with a deep tilling machine, and left
•for the winter. In April It was thor
■ougbly disked and harrowed, before
ithe alfalfa and oats were sown.
®ur Highest Grads Cannot Be Dupli
cated on Face of Earth, Leaving
Us World Market for Fruit.
islx hundred and thirty boxes of
applet* constitute a carload, which
mtane that this season will market
12,000,000 boxes of apples as near
perfect us nature, sunshine and wa
ter can make them, says the World
In regard to overproduction. It
should be said that this Is not a new |
question Fifty >ears ago a pessi
mistic wall was going up that the ap- |
pie business would soon be overdone,
.nod would cease to be profitable. At
that time, not more than one-tenth as
many apples were raised for commer
iclal purposes in the United States as
are raised today.
One hundred years ago apples were
"but little raised for commercial pur
poses; now, tralnloada and shiploads
move from these orchards to our
*reat centers of trade, and across the
ocean to England end other parts of
Europe. Asia is calling for more. Our
highest grade apples cannot he dupli
cated on the face of the earth, so we
have the world for a market for our
best fruit
Cutting Crops.
Considerable loss Is occasioned on
many farms every year by allowing
crops to become too ripe before har
vesting. This I* especially true of ;
grass or clover, or any crop intended
for hay or as a substitute. With
grasses when the seed begins to form
well and with grain crops when the
grain begins to hai ion Is the best
•tage to harvest
It does not require any great abll I
Ity at figures to show that there Is a
(great waste In selling hogs when Ihcv
are but half fed
Salt, hardwood ashes and charcoal |
are Meal to keep In hog pasture, and
If there Is any other one tfaiag peed
ed It Is pure water
Never whip a balky horse Sell
him If you can't manage him and let I
the other fellow match his temper j
against that of the horse. |
j Young pigs like vegetables.
The warm and hi ay hen Is the best
1 winter layer.
Use few words with a horse, but
have them undorsttod
It Is as easy to teach a colt good
manners as faulty ones
Desirable eggs are said to weigh
about 24 ounces to the dozen.
If hens devilon 'he feather-pulling
habit send tlu in to market at once
Dairying It a cash business The
good cow pays for her beard every
Alfalfa will crow- on nearly all good,
well-drained soils, but best on a rich,
sandy loam
The first big n<-e 1 of the majority of
the rid' r corn bill toil/. Is limestone
and legumes
It ts bi'ter and more profitable to
have a h< r. 1 of fiv> go; d cows than
ten that at e in *♦ rlor
The green food probb m In winter
Isn't much of a i rob)' in if there Is any
alfalfa hay on the place
Muddy and unch :i’i si: ble yards are
always sources ol loss b cause of
their insanitary tcdlticn
There are but t* w horses that can
not be mude gentle and quiet by the
proper kind of tr> utraent
The kind of fed which the rows
rat often bus an • be ••• *n the fla
vor of milk and its products
The farmer who mut f fit) effort to
fl'l the corn crib and smokehouse
each year generally succeeds.
Swedish turnips grow well In the
northern stales and provide a large
amount o' feed lor the winter
The h> st stock pea for grazing In
the field Is the black Everlasting
Ui d and Red Itipp* r ate also good
The farmer who Is not raising le
gumes has his eyes closed to some of
the biggest opportunities in farming
Fruit growing a; * poultry raising
go well together Anyone following
will do well to consider the
The sand vetch is sipaio j and more
recumbent thon the common vetch,
and has been tested but little in this
Hens, when they cease laying, fat
ten very easily and a fat hen Is a
Itififty candidate for all kinds of poul
try diseases.
Penning chickens ( Jhe best way
to get a fine flock, for it meyps that
you are getting eggs from the best
hens you have
A hop fed on corn alone from the
time It Is weaned from the sow un
til butchered at 18 months old, seldom
pays for his keep.
The cows like the silage in the win
ter just as well as they do the grass
In the summer and It Is good ul any
season of the year
Hlont, livable chicks are obtained
only from sturrtv parents, and pullets
that have been forced for winter eggs
are hardly in that clasp.
Don't blame anyone but yourself
If your turm won’t grow legumes
They will grow for the man who
knows how to make them
It Is poor economy to feed spoiled
food to the poultry They may con
tract disease or become poisoned,
(turn all decomposed food stuff at
1 The day bis forever passed when
the progressive dairyman allows his
cows to be brought, running or ex
cited, Into the barn, by a dog or a Doy
with a whip
Sheep In the summer are gross
| feeders, rapidly cleaning the land of
brush and weeds, but In the barn and
In the feed lot they are extremely
dainty In their eating
The best family horses, as a rule,
; are raised and trained on the farm
i Their dispositions are then thor
oughly understood, and it Is known
how far they can be trusted.
It pays to whitewash, ventilate and
properly light the stables; to brush
and curry cows; to use clean and
i well-covered utensils, to cool milk
quickly and to fifty* i a cool place for
: the milk.
The fnit farmer can always find
j something to do, either In the orchard
or around the buildings This busi
i ness like any other Is ruined by too
j much loafing Keep the loose ends
well In hand for the best results
It often is your fault that hens
i get to eating eggs, but after they do
contract the habit, lay the ax at the
4*,')! of the tree —In other words, stop
the buslu/tftUi, short off. Then change
J your bill of fate Something lacking
Iln the feed you have been
Balance the ration.
Fowl* Are Important Adjunct to Farm
and Farmers Living Near Water
Should Raise Them.
Those living close to water should
raise geese and ducks. They will get
a large part of their food from the
streams and swamp lands, requiring
very little grain during the summer
Toulouse geese are hardy, early
layers and prolific, often raising two
broods of goslings a year. The young
early lake care of themselves on good
pasture and grow rapidly. They should
have oatmeal made Into mash dally,
and afterward a few oats or barley
scattered over the grass late In the
evening. By careful feeding they grow
very fast and by Christmas have been
known to weigh 20 pounds each. Emb
den geese grow to a large size and are
said to be nearly equal to the Tou
louse variety In early maturity.
Of the four varieties of ducks.
Rouen, Cayuga, Aylesbury and Peking,
we give the preference to the last for
size, early maturity, abundance of
eggs, hardiness and domestic habits.
Profitable Geese.
The best location for a duck farm Is
on a tidewater stream or cove, where
there is a constant succession of sea
food with every tide. If given a little
house upon the shore and a variety of
grain at the evening meal they will
come home regularly every nignt
without further trouble. The eggs
are mostly laid very early In the morn
ing. The ducks should be kept shut
up In the yard until they have laid
their eggs. The Peking and the In
filan Runner are the most prolific lay
prs. The feathers of the Peking duck
are of the best quality, white, with a
creamy shade. The feathers command
S good price. It Is not necessary to
have much water for ducks, yet It is
true that ducks will get a large por
tion of their living out ot the water.
Ducks must have a grass range and
plenty of fresh, clean water to drink,
and they should also have a trough of
water to bathe In it there Is no stream
Poultrymen Are Debating Whether
Hen or Pullet Is Capable of
Greater Egg Production.
No matter how successful we may
become In any business we are try
ing all the time to find how we may
Increase oup profits. To Jncreaso our
profits means, of course, an Increase
In the output of our goods, whatever
It may be. Poultrymen are now de
bating whether the hen or the pußet
Is capable of the greater egg produc
tion. There Is good argument on both
sides, says the American Cultivator.
Some claim that while hens lay loss
(pap pullets they lay larger and heav
ier eggs, and because of this fact the
eggs command a better prjee than
those laid by pullets This la true, but
In many aectlons of the United States
eggs are sold without grading, and
consequently the smaller egg Is able
to command as good a price as the
larger one.
Others are In favor of pullets be
cause they lay so many eggs which,
they claim, possess a better flavor
than those laid by hens. No one dla.
pules the fact that pullets lay more
eggs than hens.
The question of which Is the better,
hens or pullets, will never be an
swered so that It will please every
pile. Jt Is simply a matter of the likes
and dislikeg of the Individual poultry
Personally the writer favprg pullefa
There are a very few of them that Jay
undersized eggs, and If be wishes tbs
poultryman can easily cull them out.
The average Leghorn pullet com
mences to lay when about six months
of age, while many of them start at
Single Comb White Leghorns,
five months. Therefore It Is a very
easy matter to raise pullets so that
they will be laying the winter after
they are hatched.
The eggs of pullets do not hatch as
well as those of hens. Not only that,
but the chicks do not seem nearly so
strong and lively as those hatched
from hen eggs. For this reason, then,
the writer would advise pullets for
market eggs and hens for breeders.
Cull out the roosters.
Whitewash the stables.
Balance the hen's ration
After hens are through laying they
should be sold to the butcher unless
they are needed for breeders next
The actual cost to keep added to
the service fee of the sire, represents
the amount at which horses you raise
stand xpif.
Profit Secured In Poultry as Well M
Horses, Mules, Dairy Stock,
Sheep and Hogs.
(By W. 11. SHEPARD.)
A neighbor of oura makes poultry
a strong side line of bis farming. He
grows a great variety of plants and
keeps and feeds a variety of animals.
His poultry sales amount to near
ly S2OO each year and he feeds bla
grown chickens nothing except what
they pick up about the place, but
through his methods of cropping and
feeding they secure an abundance,
and respond accordingly.
The same neighbor keeps and grows
horses and mules, dairy stock, sheep
and hogs.
From the poultry and cows be has
a constant dally cash Income.
From the horses and mules he sells
each year one or two animals at SIOO
or more a piece.
From the sheep he has wool to sell
In early spring, and lambs later In
the summer, and from the hogs he
sells from SIOO to S2OO worth every
two or three months.
He grows wheat, oats, corn, hay and
a variety of forage crops, besides a
good orchard, truck patches, and gar
den from which nearly all the family
eatables are grown, with some fruits
and vegetables to sell.
He also sells from SIOO to S2OO
worth of wheat each year, and hls
dairy products amount to S4OO per
year, and all from a farm of less than
100 acres.
Any general farmer who plans and
executes can grow a variety of plants
and animals on a small farm, make
good money from the crops, and at
the same time build up hls land faster
than by special cropping.
Carefully Conducted Experiments
Have Proven Advantages In Prac*
tics—lncreases Yield.
At the North Carolina station care
fully conducted experiments have
demonstrated that it Is advisable to
nub corn before planting, for It has
been found that, when seed from the
tips and butts of ears are placed In
one plot, and by the side of It another
of the same ears, there Is a larger
percentage of dwarfed and barren!
stalks on the plot planted In tip am
but kernels than from the other, anu
hence less yield of shelled corn per
As both plots were planted on the
same type of soil, and treated In the
same way by fertilization and cultiva
tion, It Is strongly probable that the
decreased yield of the plot sown In
butt and tip grains was due to the
seed, as all other conditions were as
nearly Identical for both as It was
possible to secure,
Anything In Shape of Pan May Be Dl
vldod Into Compartments to Hold
Bolts and Screws.
Anything from a half gallon baking
pan to a six-gallon dlshpan may be
used in making a very useful and
convenient compartment box In which
to keep nails, screws and bolts. The
pan may be divided Into four, six or
eight compartments.
To make the divisions, get the dis
tance across the bottom and the top
of the pan. secure a piece of board
Just as wide as the pan Is deep, and
long enough to make the piece, an
Pan Nall Pox.
other piece two or three Inches
broader for the piece that forms the
handle. Cut a notch as shown at X,
this notch to be as wide as the boards
arc thick.
Place the No. 1 lu center of pan
and nail In place, through the sides
and bottom of pan. Next place No. i
across No. 1 so that the notches al
XX will fit lu each other, then nail ns
you did No. 1. If more places ar
wanted, these quarters may be subdi
Early Inoculation.
It Is Interesting to examine young
alfalfa plants and note how quickly
they obtain the benefit of nitrogen
gathering bacteria. Plants less than
four weeks old may have two or three
nodules on a single root and have a
countless number of bacteria furnish
ing nitrogen from the air. When land
Is first Inoculated by the use of soil
from an old Held one may find much
unevenness in the size of plants at
an early age, due to the fact that the
taller plants are getting an abundance
of nitrogen, while the smaller plants
have few or no bacteria at work for
them. It 1b for this reason that a sec
ond seeding qq land that has been
made tp grow alfalfa successfully it
much surer than a first seeding.
Th# Best Soil.
The best soil upon a farm Is one
that warms early in the spring and
that holds enough moisture for plant
growth. A soil of this kind should
contain some sand clay and organic
matter. The sand permits the air to
enter and the clay and organic mnttoi
aid in holding the molvnire. It )*■
friable ard - ” *
Fall plowing is cheapest
A o*4*7 thermometer pay a.
No tree excels the Bartlett peef.
Sanitary milk strainers are boat
Neglected trait trees are wortUaem
Dryness Is the mala requirement fen
a sheep abed.
These h ttttla likelihood of peTtafl
too ataoh aoed eon. i
One Found Satisfactory After Much
Exparlmontlng—Built on Runners
to Facilitate Moving.
After experimenting with several
sizes and styles of poultry houses we
have decided that the small, movable
house Is best of all, writes Mrs. W. H.
Bush in the Missouri Valley Farmer.
It is built upon runners so that a team
may be hitched to It for moving, and
should not be larger than 8 by 12 feet,
Exterior View.
7 feet high In front and B at the back.
A good, tight floor is laid, and the
walls Inside are covered with rubber
old roofing, the same as is used on
the roof. Walls thus covered are draft
and mite proof, as well as warm and
neat looking.
Dropping boards are built 2% feet
above the floor, along the back wall,
the roosts being placed a foot above,
suspended from the celling by wires.
In front of roosts Is a canvas curtain
reaching from the celling to within a
foot of the floor. The door and win
dows are fitted with screens end also
canvas curtains, which are for use at
night and for stormy days. A house
arranged In this way Insures the
chickens against drafts and at the
same provides plenty of fresh, pure
The floor space, being clear, Is used
as a scratching pen, for bens, to do
well In winter, must be kept busy.
Nest baxes are placed at each end of
the building or along the front be
neath the windows.
In summer the houses are moved
frequently to fresh ground, as when
chickens run continuously over the
same lot the ground becomes foul and
unhealthy. When winter comes the
houses are moved and arranged in a
row along the middle of a large yard,
which haa previously been sown to
wheat, and furnishes the flock with
Interior View,
green feed till spring. The lot Is di
vided by the row of houses and a little
fencing Into two parts, which are used
alternately. Forty to fifty hens may
be kept In this manner In a house
inch as I have described.
Test at West Virginia Station Showa
Egg Production at Lower Cost
Than Other Byatem.
In bulletin 130 of the West Virginia
station a report Is given of a trial of
the hopper-feeding system for poul
try, which was Installed In order tp
paVe Jabop. In a year’s test, with five
pens of white Leghorns, the cost of
food varied from 68 cents to $1.04 per
fowl per year, and averaged 90 cents
per fowl for the 100 fowls In the ex
The egg production varied from
8M eggs per en * when fed principally
Upon corn, to 24.7 ip the pen which
received whole grain once per day,
scattered la Utter, and dry mash and
beef scrap without limit In a hopper.
The food cost of the eggs during year
varied from 8.8 cents to 11.8 cents per
dozen. Two pens, hopper fed, pro.
duoed eggs having a lower food cost
than the pen which received moist
ened mash, and In this test there was
apparently no benefit from the extra
labor Involved In moistening the mash.
Invention Involves Plurality of Lever*
In Pivotal Relation—Plan of
Device Shown.
]p describing and Illustrating a
draft equalizer fpr trucks, invented
by 1). M. Murken of Manhattan, N. V.,
the Scientific American says: This
draft equalizer Is adapted for use on
trucks or other vehicles, drawn by
either one, two or three animals pull
ing abreast so that the leverage will
be equalized, the Invention involving
a plurality of levers in pivotal relation
with each other and also articulated
through the medium of springs. The
equalizer la adapted for use with one,
Draft Equalizer For Trucks.
two or three swingle-trees, It being
desirable In some instances that the
animals used with vehicles be changed
at short notice, and the structure ol
the device Is particularly adapted for
such change. The accompanying en
graving shows a plan view of the do
There Is a great reduction m tne
meat supply, which should be ta
ken HP by chickens and eggs, but It
cannot be done If they are not pro
The anythlng-wlll do method of man
aging a fall and winter dairy Is not |
conducive to the receipt of satisfac
tory bank-check returns at the end of
the month.
om A V VAh mmW AM m- m B K
vf ■■ ■ ■ ■ V ■ ■ BV a S/
->. -■'.. -W a ■ H I Hi y
IVr.HI AVI ii p^l
The Kind Yon Have Always Bought, and which nas been
in use for over 30 years, has borne the signature of
_/} and has been made under his per
/T* , Bonal supervision since Its infancy.
Allow no one to deceive you in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and“ Just-as-good” are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children—Experience against Experiment.
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Caster Oil, Pare
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its ago is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and allays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic. It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Dowels, giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children’s Panacea —The Mother’s Friend.
Bears the Signature of
The Kind You Have Always Bought
In Use For Over 30 Years.
/‘or Sale hj
Q. L. Winebrenner, Thu^^yM
Mcfall’s Magazine
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For Women
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If yon purchase 11,0 NEW HOME yon will
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L|lJl Considered
in the end
If yon want a sewing machine, write for
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Ills New Home Sewing Machine Co. t Orange, Mass.
Paper MEAT Sacks
! An tmfo un Mii’ lu prcuMit Bkippon In mMt
II the mum |> *• tlitt’Tluuy uu each sack
a it* ft • OWfHI.
-• W oa-v.iiKtwum iiijs,
it' This 15 rwf UL!
: €$
ff F I*. . ■*%;o a
H ij i, 1 /w
yftj : Ifl
A •• simii siM voter mMi Is smoked, In the riuh
Spi I* before the blow u -klpix-r fix pots In o hi
p* :u:incp, place v.tui nirl to the sack, following tin
simple directions plainly printed on earh due, ami
yon rim r*M assured ’hat you will not be lotUen-<
wi! 1 1 worms m \our 00-at.
I ‘l’im rlpfisV Paper Meat Barks art* mad* tfom s
Ipprliill*' prepared, very touch, pliable, strong, close
rral’.ed, heavy paper, with our perfect “Peerless'’
biMtoin wliwli is air and iva'er f Jgh|, and with can
C.:• hp used f<>r *even*l years They at* n'uyde 1?
. three '!/.s io k ".ft a'l *1 7.1 > pf i;n**t, and svtj ft 3.4
1 A’td A ri’iiis p; ■ <’, ieroi ling tif sl/e. Tin larw v<
' ) .!• si/f take liie ham* and fhoul.b ra pf bps*
w. i. lilit*' (live weight) from 860 to titto pound*, u
• cof' *ic to h>w the meat Is trimmed; medium or f
, ct • in* Horn 2f>o to 860 pound* %nd the
I feu* from roo to 2(Hi pounds.
A i tfi trial will fed) Vistula evtT) claim fpr run
in .'Old Wf feel iha i yl)pr Qe* used Uffj* Wli'
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5 P*’ vour grocer for them.
Price 8, 4 and 5 cents apiece, according to •*!•
I 6r?at oi; f ht. n Ptg. i Mfti
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