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Established By Wm. Need, 1870.
VOLUME XLIII. Wiere To Stop Wiien In Frederick H. S. LANDIS, Leading Jeweler of Frederick. You are respectfully invited to inspect our stock of Diamonds, Watches, Clocks, Solid Cold and Cold Filled Fobs, Chains, Lockets, Pendants, Cameo Brooches, La Vallicrcs, Slick Pins, Rings, Etc. Mail Orders will receive prompt attention Eyes Examined Free Best and Quickest Repairing & Engraving 33 North Market St„ Phone 153- F may 11 lyr FREDERICK RAILROAD Tliiii'iiiont Division Schedule In Effect November 16, 1913. All trains Daily unless specified Leave Frederick Arrive Thunnont. 5.15 a. 6.00 a. m. 7.31 a. m 8.16 a. rn. 10.10 a. m. Sunday Only 10 56 a. in. 10 42 a. m. Except Sunday 11.36 a. rn. 1.30 p m 2.16 p. m. 4.10 p. 4.55 p. m. 4.50 p. 5.35 p. m. 6.10 p. in 6.50 p. m. 10.03 p. m 10.48 p. m Leave Thunnont. Arrive Frederick. 6.10 a. 6 54 a. m. 8.25 a. m 9 08 a. rn. 11.55 a. m 12 32 a. in 2.20 a. m 302 p. m. 5.10 p. m 5.55 p. m. 6.15 p. m 6 59 p m. 7.00 p. m 7.49 p. m. 11.00 p. m 11.41 p. m. Western Maryland R. R. Schedule In Effect November 16, 1913 GOING WEST. 4 4 4 i| 11 2s jl t| -* a J j= *<22 03 H * U •3.55 am 6.05 am +7.3 lam t10.45am 8.10 11.01 arl2.3spm 10.00 11.51 lei 20 3.45pm B.loam 4.00pm 6.12pm ar7.40 9.00 10.55 1e12.16 2.40 9.00pm GOING EAST. -o c *2 2 9) ® <1)0 VO >t >£ >6 M O .a ns (U T L.-S •- op 9 st >- p; i-tS —> js u U x h ffl ♦8 25am 2.28 am 5.05 am 6.05 am 7.58 am •7.00 8.22 1.0.30 +7.15 10.25 11.40 2.25pm •8 00pm 1.27pm 4.00pm 5 06pm 6.55 •4.15 5.42 8.27 •Dully. tDaily except Sunday. The train leaving Baltimnre at 10 a.m. arrives at Pittsburg at 8.05 p. m., and the one leaving Baltimore at 9 p. m., ar rives at Pittsburg 7.20 a.in , eastrn time. The through trains from Chicago to Baltimore leave Pittsburg at 9.50 p. m., and 9.15 a. m., eastern time. Children Cry FOR FLETCHER’S CASTORIA ' f fv" V • COFmiCHTS Ac. Anrone niMHllng a *ketch And (inscription nmr quickly twertnlii our opinion free whether an Invention Is pn.imMy PHieiitahla. < ommunlen- HoneAlrictlyooiill.lentlal. (IfItIDBOOK on I’ateut* sent free. Oldest ntiency for occurlng patent a. Patent! taken tliroueh Mmill * to. receive tpecial noMcc, wli hoot ctnirco, In the Scientific American. A handsomely IllmOraled weekly. I.areest olr dilution of nllv r H IIIIUO I'Hiriiul. " eriim, f-i a year; four nioiiMm, |L bold by all newsdealers. KIUNN&Co. New York Branch Ottlco, 625 F BU Washington, D. V. TRESPASS NOTICE. Notice is hereby given to all person.-, not to trespass with dogs, guns, fishing or cutting down of any timber upon my mountain land, home place or the Will hide place, or on any land belonging to me wherever situated, as the Law will be strictly enforced against such person or persons. MRS. CHARLES SHIPLEY. July 16 tf THE OLD RELIABLE MUTUAL INSURANCE CO, OF FREDERICK COUNTY. Organized 1843. Office —40 North Market Street Frederick, 3ld. A. C. McCardell, 0. C Warehime President. Secretary. SURPLUS $25,000.00 No Premium Notes Required. Insures All Classes of Property against Loss by Fire at Rates 25 per cent, less than Stock Companies charge. A Home Insurance Company for Home Insurers. Feb. 18 lyr. The catoctin clarion. ALWAYS OTHERS TO HELP R evers |U e ™r. s Thanksgiving Rejoicing. This wae the sweet, consoling word that came to a woman struggling with fresh bereavement at the Thanksgiv ing season. Instantly a well of thank fulness w as unsealed in her own heart. All was not over, then! There was still something left to live for. Some one yet leaned on her. Someone turned to her for help and strength and com fort. It set a whole nest of singing birds caroling in the very ruins of her own happiness. Does this not give us a hint how to comfort the sorrowful? “ 1 don't want to be ‘poor-doared!’” cried one whose best-beloved had been taken. "All 1 want on earth is Just once more to hear him say, ‘1 need you!’” That comfort, alas! was nevermore to be hers, hut time showed her a helpless worldful of people always saying It. It ie the true soul-tonic. The solace of helping others is within the reach of every sufferer. Added to that is some times vouchsafed the reward hiutfcd at In the beginning of this paragraph. Now and then someone will feel a warm throb of thankfulness toward us, and say so. It pays a thousand times for the little wo are able to do out of our weakness. It is a thousand times better than sitting by life’s wayside and holding out pitiful hands for beg gars' alms of condolence and sympa thy. Nobody wants to have anybody thankful to him, but It Is a high form of happiness to know that someone Is thankful for us. For the Blessings Bestowed. Thankfulness makes the ordinary and simple gifts of God shine with a morning luster, and exudes the rarest perfume. There are two ways to get rich —one is to Increase the number of our dollars, the other is to increase the value of the few dollars we already have. Thankfulness raises the bless ings we already have to higher de grees of worth, and thereby enriches Vjs. If thankfulness does not create new roses, It paints a finer hue on those we have; if it does not load our table, it puts a delicious sweetness In our simple fare; if It does not clothe our bodies in costly raiment, it lends a sweetness of behavior to our bodies, so that we do not need such raiment to make us attractive. All other beau tiful graces of Christian character are lacking in luster without the shining grace of gratitude to God for his abundant mercies and unceasing lov ing kindness to the children of men. To the Discontented. I.et's be thankful, though care May be sent us to bear, For only the foolisli may never know That trouble still breeds Wherever hope leads— That the flowers of Joy are watered By the cleansing tears of woe. Bet’s be thankful, though still There Is many an 111 That we long to have strength to clear away, For contentment Is shown By the foolish alone, By the weak who are merely waiting To return to their mother clay. -8. E. KISER. No One Too Poor to Give. Something that rich, poor, weak, strong, young, old can give—thanks. Did you ever think of that? Just as long as you have a heart — and may it be always—you cun appre ciate something and be grateful. Poor Indeed is that man or woman who in this life can find nothing for which thanks can be given. THURMONT, FREDERICK COUNTY, MD., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1913. Eel’s be thankful for the coal that’s in the cellar: If it's paid for. let’s be thankful that it is; If it isn’t, let’s be glad the other fellow Must consider that the risk is wlic.l ly his. fuel’s be thankful for the jobs at which “ we labor; If perchance they’re not exactly whal we’d like We may still be better fixed than some poor neighbor Who has just been bounced or called upon to strike. fuel’s be thankful if our relatives are “ present To share the joy we have; but if they’re not The- case will then, of course, be still more pleasant. So either way we’ll have a happy lot. I*el’s be thankful if the grim old money “ question Doesn’t serve to keep our turkey of! the plate In case it does, we won’t have indigestion When the rich man’s taking pills and blaming Fate. S. E. Kiset Thanksgiving. Thanksgiving day is tlie day when every one says he is thankful, and wants to eat turkey to prove it. If you haven't anything else to be thankful for, you can be thankful you are not a turkey. Thanksgiving day was first observed by the Pilgrims, who were thankful that they had five grains of corn apiece. In these extravagant times a man wouldn’t be thankful If he had ten grains of corn—which ■ shows conclu sively that we are prosperous. The trusts are doing a noble work In rem edying this evil condition. People have various unreasonable reasons for being thankful on Thanks giving day. Some men are thankful they took a wife, and some are thank ful they didn’t take two. Bachelor maids are thankful they are not "hor rid bachelors,” and a married woman Is always thankful that her husband has a good wife. It Is easy to be thankful if you go about It right. But the thing people are most thank ful for is their money—even though they came by It honestly. The more a man has, the more thankful he is that It Isn’t less, and the less a man has the less likely ho is to be thankful because it Isn’t more. Be thankful, therefore, that you haven’t too much to be thankful for. Turkey tastes all the better for coming but once a year, —Lippincott’s. Time to Banish Depression. You, perhaps, have had trials of the severest kind, rebuffs, bitter disap pointments, trouble that has clouded life's sky, but there is a compensation In your life. The fine balance that na ture shows in hor great scheme does not stop with the natural world It Is continued on through evolutionary lines and finds compelling, convincing expression in our lives! Trouble is sometimes another name for a character builder; disappoint ment frequently acts as a fine balance wheel. The story can be carried on in all directions cf experience. A Family Newspaper— lndependent in Politics—Devoted to Literature, Local and General News. BEST SPIRIT FOR THE TIME Good Idea Is That Thanksgiving Is tho Noblest Work That Man Can Do. Thanksgiving: The act of rendering thanks, expressing gratitude for favors or mercies; a public celebration of di vine goodness. Thanksgiving day; A day set apart for religious services in acknowledg ment of the divide goodness. By nature man is religious; and Thanksgiving day is an annual re minder of this Innate tendency. The very first Thanksgiving and the man ner of Its observance are not very well defined In history. Perhaps the following paragraph will give as suc cint. an epitome as is possible at this remote distance: “The fishermen were ordered to ‘scour the seas for spoil,’ the limiters ‘to shoulder their matchlocks and bring In such game as would allow the Mayflower colony in a more special manner to rejoice together.’ The re sult was a supply of wild turkey, deer, bear and game of every sort. In such abundance as amply to feed the colony for a week. They had as guests the friendly chief, Massasoit, and 90 of his Indians. The Indians contributed to the feast five deer and a great basket of oysters.’ This was the introduction of the young colony to its afterward favorite shellfish, and the women cooked them as they best knew how. The menu of that Immortal dinner has not, alas been preserved, but it is known that the two dishes most fully appreciated by the Indians as well as the Americans were the ‘brown roast turkey’ and the ‘pumpkin pie.’ ’the great feast of the week was outdoors, for the air was balmy and the sun bright. Massasoit was there In all the bravery of a scarlet coat trimmed with lace and a copper chain, given him some time previous by Edward \\ ins low. In a strange medley of Indian garb and a borrowing of European cos tume, cementing there the bond of friendship with the white settlers which held good 41 years." In 1621 Governor Bradford after the first harvest made provision for the colonists’ rejoicing together with praise and prayer. In 1623 a day of fasting and prayer in the midst of drought was turned into thanksgiving by the coming of rain during the pray ers; gradually the custom prevailed of appointing annually a thanksgiving day after harvest. These appoint ments were made by the governor's proclamations. During the Revolution ary war a day of national thanksgiv ing was annually recommended by con gress. For many decades the presi dent lias annually appointed such a day and the governors of the various states have supplemented the same, “Words are but empty things.” Since actions speak louder than words thanksgiving is the noblest thanksgiv ing. To abound in thanksgiving is a Scriptural injunction. "See that ye do this," said Paul. Bridegroom’s Thanksgiving. A hundred yearn from now. sweetheart, We wil. not grieve o'er chances lost, Nor worry over meat or art. Nor care what coal or clothes may cost. A hundred years from now nor you Nor I will care a picayune For cold, persistent landlords who Browbeat, bulldoze and importune. Then let us In this holy time Of cheer give thanks fur every joy, And most of all for this, that I’m No girl and you are not a boy. —S. E. KISUH. Have Cause to Give Thanks. If we remember what were the con ditions, circumstances, events and in cidents of the first Thanksgiving day, and allow thought to traverse even rapidly and superficially the path of blessing until tills Thanksgiving day of 1913, we shall have a faint vision, at least, of that for which the land should offer praise. If we dwell only upon the great benefits that affect the gen eral welfare, abundant reason appears why we should set a season apart, as semble in our places of worship, and lay upon the altar our united offering of praise. And this is not alone for abundant harvests, for commercial prosperity, for continued peace and in creasing power; not alone for good be stowed, but thanks for evil spared; for fires of trouble from which we passed unharmed; for the floods that threat ened but did not overwhelm; for the casting down that yet did not destroy; for all calamities endured and over past Surely If ever land should in humil ity bring tribute from multitudes of grateful hearts, ours should make this a true Thanksgiving day. WITH GOOD THINGS FOR “THE” DAY DAYS OF PAST THANKSGIVING History Proves that There Always Has Been a Time Set Apart fop Festivities. Thanksgiving Is generally believed lo have commenced with the advent of the Pilgrim fathers, and therefore a legacy to us from New England. But when the true facts in the case come to light we find that Thanksgiving day was first celebrated by Popham colon ists at Monhegan, who joined In “Giv ing God thanks" for their sate arrival and many blessings in the ritual laid down In the Thanksgiving service of the Church of England prayer book. It is known with what antipathy the early Puritans regarded any and all of the holy days of the English church, and the celebration of such was stern ly forbidden in New England. How many of us know that days for giving thanks were set apart in Europe long before the reformation and were observed by the Church of England many years before the Pilgrims land ed? ? The first Thanksgiving in this coun try was not set apart as a day of re ligious observance, but for recreation. On December 11, 1621, Edward Wins low wrote home to England the follow ing very quaint account of the week’s program: “Our harvest being gotten In, our governor sent four men out fowling so wo might in a special manner rejoice together after wo had gathered the fruits of our labors. The four killed so much fowl that with a little help served the company about a week. Among other recreations were exer cises with our arms. Many of the In dians came amongst us and among them their greatest king Massasoit with some ninety men, whom we for tlireo days feasted and entertained. They went out and killed live deer, which they brought in and bestowed on our governor, upon the captains and others.” So we get a good idea of the hos pitality offered in those days. We learn, too, from Governor Bradford, that wild turkeys were plentiful, so wo feel a reasonable assurance that the turkey lias a long and ancient lineage and prestige not to he usurped by any otln r bird on our Thanksgiving day platter. Only fifty-live English speaking peo ple sat down to the first Thanksday feast, but the addition of the Indians made a goodly company for whom the poor, lonely and homesick women pre pared tlie dinner. There were only four of them, with one servant “and a few young maidekins.” There is no record to be found of any religious worship during this week of feasting. In 1628 the second Thanksgiving day was ordered and observed by the Pil grim fathers. Early Thanksgivings are not always celebrated in November nor upon Thursday, and it is not until 1677 that wo find the first printed Thanksgiving proclamation, now owned by the Massachusetts Historical so ciety. It is interesting to note that since 1862 the president of the United States has set the last Thursday in November to be observed as a day of thanksgiving. And harking back to Pilgrim days, what a vast difference. Compare the harvest then and the har vest now. Whether our forefathers were eve r actually reduced to the tra ditional live grains of corn each, is a fact not decided by history, but it is true that they returned thanks for the most meager fare and endured the most grinding hardships without a murmur. Like our forbears we make of tlie day a great time for feasting and games and not so much of church going. It is a day for family reunions and a day of abundant opportunity for making a cause of Thanksgiving in the "other fellow’s” heart. Happy Thanksgiving Custom. A woman who has an almost old fashioned faith in Providence keeps what she calls her "thank offering box.” Into this goes through the year, from one Thanksgiving to the middle of tlie following November, a sum of money for every accident escaped, calamity averted or special joy. These offerings are not confined to her own escapee but each time some member of her family bobs up from some threatened woe into the box goes the money offering of thanks. Not the same amount is given each time, and rarely large sums, for the woman is not rich, but a nice little sum is realized. This is devoted to giving some one a happy Thanksgiving day. It does not always go into regular channels. As the woman says—the poor and hos pitals are usually well cared for In holiday seasons. wo views,, sr. n - WOM.D .■MBV THE PESSIMIST. Thanksgiving? Why should I be thankful? I've no millions piled away; People do not gladly cheer mo; I have little time play; >l' v Others go to view the wonders to be found y across the sea; fi/ But * toi * throu ß h all the seasons—there is lit* Lj tle rest or me ‘ /( All that I can earn Is quickly claimed by those / \ jrV who *' e ' n wa ' t > Overcharging me In order that their profits 'v iIV Jf* *i|j rr,a y be 9 reat * Why should I be thankful, brother? What I have I've had to get SSSSSSSSaSSSSB Through the hardest kind of digging; I have paid with honest sweat; I have pushed ahead unaided, Fate and Fortune I’ve defied; I've refused to let them crush me, though they’ve often grimly tried. Why, therefore, should I be thankful? To my strength and to my will I’m indebted for permission to keep striving onward still. THE OPTIMIST. Thanksgiving! I am truly thankful, though I still must work away, Though there are no crowds to cheer me, though I’ve little time to play! Other men may look for pleasure, from the cares of duty free, Others know the Joys of leisure, but there's lit tle rest for me; n Vet how weak is he that sadly sits complain- \j ing at his fate; I have thanks to render gladly for a vigor that Why should I be thankful, brother? I that 1 have to strive and sweat, (1 Earning doubly, yea and trebly, all the bless- 1 1 ings that I get? j I have marched ahead unaided, thcugh my I \ strength has oft been tried, It I have kept my soul unsullied, I'm entitled still l( ez~y' t0 pHde: I am thankful for my courage, thankful for an iron will, And the buoyant hope a thousand bitter fail- / 'NlliliLV • ures could not kill. CUSTOM HAS ALWAYS BEEN Popular Error Holds That President Lincoln Issued First Thanks giving Proclamation. There is some discussion as to the origin of the present national custom of observing Thanksgiving day. It was held by a large number of people, until recently, that the custom was first established by President Lincoln during the Civil war. Examination of tlie records showed that this was a mistake. A number of the presidents who preceded Mr. Lincoln issued Thanksgiving proclamations, the prac tice dating hack to Washington. They had been desultory, however, and there had been no regular repetition of the proclamation until after It had been is sued by Mr. Lincoln. The custom of observing a day of thanksgiving and prayer is as old as the civilization of the country. It was Inaugurated In New England very shortly after the arrival of the first English .immigrants, and it gradually became the day of all others in the year, for surpassing Christmas in the enthusiasm and universality of its ob servance. In the southern states, prior to the Civil war, it was quite general, though there was no common day of celebration. The governors of the states issued their proclamations with out reference to the dates set by the governors of other states, and it not infrequently happened that the cele bration would occur in Maryland on u day different from that which was ob served in the neighboring states. There were commonwealths, prior to the Civil war, where no proclamation was issued, and there was no observance whatever. The proclamation of Mr. Lincoln seemed to electrify the country and to cement the states In their observance of Thanksgiving, though there were commonwealths which for some years afterward selected a different date. This gradually ceased, until now tlie celebration has become a thoroughly national and universal event. For a while it eclipsed the Fourth of July, and In New England today it far sur passes Christmas In interest. With the disappearance of sectionalism, however, the Fourth of July has as sumed its normal place In American holidays, and is not likely again, through any combination of circum stances, to lose It. Thanksgiving Prayer. For days of health, for nights at quiet sleep; for seasons of bounty and beauty, for all earth’s contributions to our need through this past year, good Lord, we thank thee. For our coun try’s shelter; for our homes; for the joy of faces, and the joy of hearts that love; for the power of great examples; for holy ones who lead us In the ways of life and love; for our powers of growth: for longings to be better and do more; for ideals that ever rise above the real, good Lord, we humbly thank thee! For the blessedness of service and the power to fit ourselves to others’ needs; for our necessities to work; for all that brings us nearer to each other,* nearer to ourselves, near to thee, we thank thee, O our Fa ther!— Selected. Terms SI.OO in Advance. NO. 37. Some Appropriate Thought*. The general idea is that when wa have an abundance of material good we should be thankful. Of course, the converse is equally true. And as this is a matter of interpretation for each individual, and as he sees many of his fellows who have prospered better than he, it disinclines him to give thanks. Another theory is that al though we have meager possessions others have less, therefore we should be thankful. This is a mighty mean way to do. It's one way of crowing over your unfortunate neighbor, and Is the quintessence of littleness. Anoth er way is to thank God that your neigh bors are no better off than yourself, This was the case of the old lady when the frost caught her garden truck, Still another is to ftike advantage of your neighbor and then return thanks that you are self-made and successful. , And yet another way Is to do neighbor ere he does you and give thanks, as David Ilarunt say. And there are those who thankfulness because matters tie worse. And that brings query u In tiler matters ever at4HHHH but that they might not be not. then one might find an endless chain of thanksgiving If one could really bo thankful to a being who would so dispose or order events as to produce so much misery. All these ’ notions or conceits are more or less crooked. For Which We Owe Thanks. That we have much to be thankful for no one doubts or denies. It is not necessary to rehearse details. Wa know that we are a happy and favored people. We are rich, prosperous and tree. Our problems, groat as they are, are as nothing compared with thosq that are distressing the nations of thal •old world. But the things which wa regard as blessings, and for which wa are supposed to give thanks, are bless ings only as we use them right, and only in so far as we humbly acknowl edge that they are the gifts of God. The danger is, not that we shall atr tribute too much to the divine power, but that we shall take too much credit to ourselves. This has always been true. Far back in Old Testament times the people were warned against think ing that they themselves had got the wealth which they enjoyed, and were told that it was God who had given them the power to got wealth. The old religious idea, therefore, rathe* than the new one, makes —if It is cor rectly understood —for national and Individual humility. Blessings Enumerated. As a nation we individual citizens of the United States have reason above all other peoples for the giving of thanks. Where others have within the year been menaced by war, by do mestic disorder, by revolution within or enemy without, Americans have been at peace at home and enjoying peaceful relations with all the world. Our government has been honored with the leadership in a movement for the limitation and eventual ending of war. The broad principles of demo cratic government upon which our re public rests have been an inspiration to less favored peoples even in the most backward quarters of the earth.