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Catoctin clarion. [volume] (Mechanicstown, Md.) 1871-1940, April 09, 1914, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026688/1914-04-09/ed-1/seq-4/

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° Euter. bl*fd E**terl A. LM A w|
w| Tt.; 1 1 When • man arose lo coniciouaneai CALDER
That DO. include .U Birth. JOrtNSXOI |
w As vigor came with sunshint.
He rued hit eyet to Heaven,
And named the name of Cod.
Creeds come, and creed* may go,
of Easter
in History
EXT to Christmas, Easter
Ift*nSbq *■ greatest festival
of the Christian church.
|| Qs In primitive times it was
salute one another on
the morning of this day by exclaim
ing: “Christ is risen,” to which the
saluted person replied: “lie is risen,
indeed," or "And hath appeared unto
Simon" —a custom retained In the
Greek church.
The common name of this festival
in the East was the paschal feast, be
cause kept at the same time as the
Jewish passover, and In some meas
ure succeeding to it. In the sixth of
the Ancyran canons It is called the
"Great day."
The term "Easter" Is derived from
"Eastre,” a Saxon diety, whose feast
was celebrated every year in the
spring, the name being retained when
the character of the feast was changed.
Easter is In name, as well as in real
ity, the feast of the resurrection.
Although there has never been any
difference of opinion in the Chris
tlan church as to why Easter Is kept,
there has been a good deal as to when
it ought to be kept. It is one of the
movable feasts —that is. it is not fixed
to one particular day, like Christmas
day. Easter moves backward and for
ward, according as the full moon next
after the vernal equinox falls nearer
or farther from the equinox. The ac
cepted rule for ascertaining the day
upon which Easter falls Is as follows;
Easter day Is always the first Sunday
after the hill moon which happens
upon or next after the 21st day of
March, and if the full moon happens
upon a Sunday, Easter day Is the Sun
day after.
The paschal controversy, which for
a time divided Christendom, grew out
of a diversity of custom. The churches
of Asia Minor, including many Juda
ited Christians,kept their paschal feast
on the same day that the Jews kept
their Passover, the 14th of Nlsan, the
Jewish month corresponding to our
March or April. But the churches of
the West, remembering that the Lord's
resurrection took place on a Sunday,
kept their festival on the Sunday fol
lowing the 14tb of Nlsan. By so doing
they hoped not only to commemorate
the resurrection on the day of the
week on which it actually occurred,
but also distinguish themselveg more
effectually from the Jews.
For a time this difference was borne
with mutual forbearance and charity.
And when disputes began to arise.
Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna, went on
a visit to Rome, and conferred with
Anlcetas, bishop of that city, upon the
question. Polycarp pleaded while An-
Icetas adduced the practice of St. Pe
ter and St. Paul. Concessions were
made by neither side, and so the mat
ter was dropped, or rather held in
abeyance, but the two bishops con
tinued in Christian friendship and con
cord. This was in A. D. 168.
Toward the end of the century, how
ever, Victor, bishop of Rome, resolved
to compel the eastern churches to
conform to the western practice, and
wrote an imperious letter to the prel
ates of Asia, commanding them to
keep the festival of Easter at the time
observed by the western churches.
They naturally reseated this, and de
clared that they wo aid keep the day
at the time they hao beep accustomed
to observe it. From this point the dis
pute gathered strength, and became
the source of much bitterness.
At the commencement of the fourth
century matters had gone to such a
length that the Emperor Constantine
thought it his duty to take steps to
atop the controversy, and to Insure
uniformity of practice. For this pur
pose he had a canon passed In the
great ecumenical council at Nice, A. D.
325. "That everywhere the great feast
of Easter should be observed upon one
and the same day, and that not the
day of the Jewish Passover, but, as
had been generally observed, upon tha
Sunday following."
And, to prevent all further disputes
aa to time, the following rules were
laid down: iuui march 21 shall be
accounted the vernal equinox. That
the full moon happening upon or next
after the 21st of March shall be taken
for tlie full moon of Nisan. That the
lord’s day next following that full
moon be Easter day. Hut If the full
moon happen upon a Sunday, Easter
day shaJl be the Sunday after.
As the Egyptians at that time ex
celled In astronomy, the bishop of
Alexandria was appointed to give no
tice of Easter day to the pope and
patriarchs. Hut it soon became evi
dent that this arrangement could not
endure. It was too Inconvenient and
liable to Interruptions. The fathers
of the next age began, therefore, to
adopt the golden numbers of the Mo
tonic cycle, and to place them in tlie
calendar against those days in each
month on which the new moons should
fall during that year of the cycle. The
Metonlc cycle was a period of 11' years.
It had been observed by Melon, an
Athenian philosopher, that the moon
returns to have Its changes on the
same month and day of the month in
Their Easter Offering
the solar year, after a lapse of 19
years, and so, as it were, to run a
cycle. He published his discovery at
the Olympic games, H. C, 432, and the
cycle has ever since borne his name.
Hut though the new muon really
happened on the same day of the year
after a space of 19 years as it did
before, it fell an hour earlier on that
day, which, In the course of time, as
will be seen, created a serious error
that hud to be reckoned with and
caused much confusion.
A cycle was then framed at Horn*
for 84 years, and generally received
by the western church, for it was then
thought that in this space of time the
moon's changes would return, not only
to the same day of the month, but of
the week as well.
During the time that Easter was
kept according to this cycle Britain
was separated from the Roman em
pire, and the British churches for a
time after the separation continued to
keep Easter according to this table of
84 years. British and Irish churches
adopted the Alexandrian rule, accord
ing to which the Easter festival could
not begin before March 8 About 100
years later the English churches con
formed to the Roman rule. The Roman
system now prevails the world over,
and Easter is celebrated on the same
day everywhere.
Woman In Her Dream Saw Men Done
Up In Bunphe* Like Asparagus
and Sold for Ten Cents.
Some time ago a man was awakened
la the night to find hie wife weeping
"My darling!” he exclaimed, "what
Is the matter?”
"A dream!” she gasped. "I have had
such a horrible dream.”
Her husband begged her to tell It to
him In order that he might comfort
her. After long persuasion she was
Induced to say this;
“1 thought 1 was walking down the
street, and I came to a warehouse
where there was a large placard, ’Hus
bands for eale.’ You could get beau
tiful ones for $1,&00 or even for $1,200,
and very nice looking ones for as low
as a hundred.”
The husband asked Innocently;
"Did you see any that looked like
me 7”
The sobs became strangling.
"Dosens of them," gasped the wife,
"done up In buuebes like asparagus
and sold for ten cents a bunch.”
To the Unbeliever
Is it too much to lay
Your unbelief aside
Just for this one brief day,
Just for His sake who died
Nailed to the cruel tree,
There where the darkness fell?
Is it too much, since He
Gave so freely and well?
Is it too much to give
Him they could crucify
For teaching men how to live,
For showing them how to die?
Humbly He came, and so
He went on His righteous way.
Is it too much to throw
Doubt aside for today?
Is it too much to bow
Humbly a little while?
Think of His bleeding brow.
See His pitying smllel
He gave us His all and took
Nothing but sin away;
Is it too much to look
Upward with love today?
| WUMf WWtitWWtf Irttifrftffl 1
The Comfort of
Easter Dau
Lesson of Season That Brought
Peace to Afflicted Little Heart
m v HE child was sobbing bit
IrTi terly. The sweet young
fi ■< mother whom he loved
(JN had been buried In the
tem earth. He thought that she
iCf had gone forever.
r A loving aunt had come
j/jff! to ta ke care of him, and
! rji / she tried lo comfort him
"Your mother is living
still, dear,” she said. “You
will see her again She is watching
you this minute. She loves you just
the same as ever."
"No. no," wept tire child; "she is
dead. The doctor said so; and 1 know
It is true, because 1 kissed her, and
she did not kiss me back again. It
she had known, she would have kissed
me back again—for she always did.
And, oh. oh —my mother is dead!”
"I know it seems so, darling,"
sighed the aunt, whose own heart was
sore and heavy, "but under that still
face there was yet life. Christ showed
us that when he rose from the dead
He did not answer when his mother
and his disciples called him; but one
day lie rose frojn this seeming death,
to show us that no one really dies
That was the first Easter day. Men
had always hoped—but they bad never
surely known before then —that the
dead could rise again. Is it not beau
tiful, dear?”
The child for a little seemed com
forted. Then he looked over to the
familiar chair where the sweet mother
had been wont lo hold him and pel
him, and again he broke into sobs. He
was only five —and his little mind
could not grasp the great, sweet truth \
which his aunt had been telling him
At last she said; "I will show it to ■
you some time so that you will under
It was 1 the early springtime that
the young mother had been laid away
from his sight. The cold winds were
blowing, tlio trees looked bare and
gaunt and dead.
Out among the leafless woods the
aunt led the grieving child.
"See these poor trees,” she said to
him. "Hoes It not look to you us
though they were quite dead?”
He felt carefully of the branch
which she held out to him.
"Yes," lie answered; "it is only an
old dead stick—just good to burn in
the fire.”
"It seems so," she admitted, "but
wait a while, and we will come buck
hero again.”
One warm, sunny day. a few weeks
later, she took him to the same spot
and showed him the same bough ;
again. It was covered with soft, j
fuzzy leaf-buds, and little clusters of
tender green leaves were bursting
from them.
"This Is the same bough that you
thought was dead,” she said. "What
do you think now?”
"It wasn’t dead, was it?" murmured
the child slowly. "What pretty leaves! w
1 am glad it wasn’t dead."
•And it is so with our dear ones
who die,” she reminded him gently.
"They seem dead, but they really
live; and somewhere they are happy
and beautiful —more beautiful than
they were here —just as the leaves are
more beautiful than the bare tree.”
The child gazed after them. Then i
he looked back at the once dead-look- j
Ing, bare trees. He remembered well '
the queer, brown sticks. How wonder- j
ful It was!
"They seemed dead,” she reminded ,
him again, gently; "but you see that 1
they were not.”
"No,” he rejoined thoughtfully, “they j
! were not.”
“It is so with our dear ones,” she \
repeated. "They may seem to be dead, i
but they are not.”
One day she took some poppy seed
and showed lo him.
"is it pepper?" he asked. "Or is it
I the powder that my father uses In his
I gun?"
"No,” she told him. "It is not pep
! per, nor powder; but It seems just as
dead, doesn’t It?”
"Yes,” he answered again, positively.
"It is just as dead as it cun be.”
“I am going to drop It into the
earth here." she said eravelv: and she
Children Cry
took up a trowel and dug into the
rich earth. Then she scattered the
dead powder In the hole that she had
made, and covered It carefully.
A fortnight later she took the child
to see it.
"You remember that dead black
powder that we sowed here,” she re
minded him.
"Yes,” he answered quickly. "It
was just here. This is the little board
you put in so that we might know.”
"And yet these pretty little gray- |
green plants came from those dead, '
black seeds," she told him.
"Right out of them?” ho asked
"Yes. They seemed so small and
black, you know; yet there was the
germ of a little plant In each one of
them, and soon they will be covered
with bright flowers. We could never
believe anything so strange if we did
not see it right before our eyes. And
so it Is with the loved ones that we
think are dead. They are not dead:
and in some other world, we do not
know where, they bloom from their
cold, lifeless bodies, just as the leaves
broke from the tree, and these little
plants from the dead seeds."
"Yes —yes, I see," breathed the
child, through starting tears.
“Hut men were dull," went on the
loving aunt, trying to make it very
plain to him, "For hundreds of years
men had seen the dead trees leave
out. and the plants spring from
dead seed, and still they could
not really believe that if a man died
he would live again. So God sent
Christ to show us all these things. Ho
taught us how to live; and then ho
seemed to die, but he rose from the
dead on the third day, and talked with
his friends, to show us that, as ho
lived after death, so we should live
also. And the great apostle Paul
made it plainer still. He said that wo
were sown a natural body and we
should be raised a spiritual body. We
do not understand it, any more than
we understand this marvelous change
of the seed Into the flower: but wo
] must believe that it is true.”
"Yea,” breathed the child; "I see,
and 1 must believe that my mother Is
up yonder”—he waved his little hand
—"with a beautiful new body; not
sick any more, and happy, and that I
will see her again when I go up there,
“You see,” she explained to him,
"men were so glad—so glad when the
"Out Among the Leafless Woods She
Led Him."
great hope came to them that they
would live after death that every year
they rejoice on the day Christ rose.
Tor two thousand years they have kept
that day. Just think what Joy it
brought Into the world!"
| "is It the happiest day in the year?”
j he asked her.
She thought of the day of Christ's
birth, and spoke of it.
j "Hut I think," he said at last thought
fully, "that it was more beautiful to
hate him come back from the dead
even limn to have him born; so 1
am going to like the Easter day best
of all."
j She did not find any fault with his
choice. She knew that just then, to
that afflicted little heart, the thought
1 of the Easter day was the sweetest
thing in the world. —Christian Herald.
Day of the Goddess of Dawn.
Easter, or, as it is called in Ger
many, Ostern, was the day of the
Goddess Ostra (her Anglo-Saxon name
was Eastre), the goddess of dawn, of
the coining morning light. in her
honor the bonfires were lighted, and
deep-rooted indeed must the worship
of her have been, for the name was
i kept and applied to one of the highest
I Christian feasts.
Benefits of Lent.
“After all," said Mrs. Gadsleigh, "we
really need the quiet and the self-de
nials of Lent.”
"Yes," replied Mrs. Ka Flippe, “I
don’t know how 1 should ever have
j been able to collect the evidence I
shall need in my suit for divorce If it
hadn’t been for the lull that Lent has
brought in my social affairs.”
Activities of Women.
Of the 90,000 trades union women in
i New York city 90 per cent, are foreign
! in Oregon the law fixes a minimum
| wage of $9.25 a week for adult women
1 clerks.
Miss Elaine Golding has gone to
Panama, where she expects to swim
the Panama canal.
Kansas women are asking that they
have equal property rights with their
Mrs. E. H. Harriraan, widow of the
railroad magnate, receives on an aver
age of 800 letters each month asking
for aid in the shape of money.
Miss Mary B. Hell, who acts as spe
cial examiner for the interstate com
| merce commissioner, is the first wom
an who ever acted in that capacity.
Miss Anita Belleville, who acts as
purveyor of the correct time In Lon
don. is probably the only woman in
the world to hold such a position.
Should Be Worked In During Cultiva
Maryland Agricultural Experiment
Farmers everywhere have now
started their spring work. Manure
spreaders are busy gelling manure
i out on fields to be plowed for corn.
No doubt many are thinking of using
lime on their fields. Why not use it
on tne field to be planted to corn?
This is an excellent plan because toe
lime can be spread on the land after
plowing and worked into the lop lay
ers of the soil at the same time that
the seed bed is being prepared.
The mistake Is otteu made of using
too light an application. Not less ,
| titan a ton of burned lime or two tons
of ground lime stone or oyster shells
should be used per acre. Such an ap
plication as tliis need not be given
oftener than every once in five or six
years so that the cost for lime would
not be more than 50 or liU cents an
acre per year.
Willie the good effects of lime may
not be very evident on the corn crop,
It will no doubt Increase the grain
i crop following and certainly stimulate
tiie growth of clovers and grasses the
following year. Probably In no other
way can a like amount of money be
expended to greater advantage,
t In buying lime it lias been found
that if pure burned lime costs $2.75
, per ton at the kiln, then hydrated lime
j or slacked lime should he $2.10 and
ground limestone $1.50 per ton. What
i kind you should use depends entirely
upon Its quality, price, and the distance
it can be hauled to advantage.
Seeding Timothy To Itself With Lib
eral Top Dressing Doubles
the Yield.
Maryland Agricultural Experiment
The yield of lluiotuy hay in Mary
land, bom in quality ami ui me tons
per acte is lar Uciow wnal could be
proutub.y produced on the land now
in meuuow. In tact, fanners have
harvested so many unsaUslaclory
crops ot late years that t.iey ate in
dined to try something new as a
forage crop il anyuang can he lound
that would be an improvement on
timothy, red lop, or the clovers.
The remedy, 1 believe, is not to be
found in a new crop, but in bettet
cultural methods than those we al
ready have. Recent experiments at
the Maryland Experiment Station huh
I cate that a much improved yield may
be secured by seeding grass to ilseil
in the early tall and hy the proper use
of fertilizers in the spring. These
tests carried on in t iree fields, one ol
timothy, one of red lop, ami one of a
mixture of timothy, red lop, and clovei
showed that phosphoric acid when ap
plied alone as in raw bone, acid rock,
or any other material had very little
effect on timothy, red top. or any
other grass. On the other Hand,
nitrogen or ammonia, especially as
found in Nitrate of Soda, regularly
gave a large increase in yield.
Taking into account, the case of
applying Hie fertilizer and the quality
of the hay, the best results were got
ten by using equal parts of nitrate of
soda and acid phosphate at the rate of
25u pounds of each per acre. As com
pared to strips of grass adjoining that
had no fertilizer used on it Hie yield
in 1912 was 1.53 tons per acre as
against 2.94 tons where the above mix
ture was applied as a top dressing.
In 1913 the yield was .97 tons, as
against 2.93 tons or over three times
the yield on land where no fertilizer
was used: 250 pounds of nitrate of
sode was found to be the most
economical amount to use in making
the greatest profits possible by top
The fertilizer should be applied as
soon as the grass starts to grow.
Builds Up the Framework Of Their
Bodies and Keeps Them
Maryland Agricultural Experiment
All growing animals require mineral
matter with which to build up a frame
| work to support their bodies. The
! more rapidly an animal matures the
! larger the proportion of mineral ma
terial required In its feed during this
growth. Most animals mature slowly
| enough so that they get sufficient ash
from the ordinary feeds, but chickens
I grow very rapidly and it one isn’t care
ful in feeding more flesh will he
formed than can be supported by the
bird’s bones.
1“ ~ ———
A small dock of chickens on free
range will usually get plenty of bone
j forming material from the bugs and
I insects they pick up, but in the case
j of large flocks there isn’t enough to go
: around, especially if kept on a re
stricted run. Lime and ashes will help
1 some, but are not enough. The safest |
i plan is too keep some ground or granu- j
j lated bone in a dish before the chicks
I at all times.
They will eat very little, but this
I little they want badly. Let's not have
any weaklegged crookedbreasted,
| hump-backed, loose-feathered, un
healthy looking creatures in our back
! yards this spring. A few cents worth
of bone will work wonders.
I Few States have greater agricultural
1 possibilities with our long seasons, fine j
j climate, abundant rainfall, varied soils j
adaptable to such a variety of prod- i
ucts, as well as proximity to the best
markets in the world.
Children Cry
||||i For Infants and Children.
ftS Mt(!Du Thß Kind You Have
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HI MimiiltlM Signature /Aj>
Promotes p A. X• f
H*l> ness and Rcsi.Contains ucillicr U1 #l\ \JJ
Biiic Opium .Morphine nor Mineral It \i i V
! Not Narcotic. t a1 r
Jfetye of Old DrSd'S- Liiii JUJI
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y.|b •l; j latSimile Signature of l
ij Thirty Years
' PAQinniA
Exact Copy of Wrapper. the centaur company, new vorr city.
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"•en ' Jitv,
newspaper for the
homo— for the family cir
t’lhijnvs the confidence
and respect of its readers.
•'One cent everywhere.
Bvy li from your local
Newsdealer or order
by mall.
One month $ .30
Six months $1.75
■ One \ r 3.50 i
I Thj EaUiraore News

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