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MEADOWBROOK ■RIT\ FARM There Is money In raising apples * * * Plant pasture grasses over the waste lauds. • • • Handle the colls carefully and In telligently. * • • Any check In a calf’s growth Is a loss to the owner. • • • Study Individual tastes In the cows, and feed accordingly. * • • Young pigs need plenty of exercise, sunshine and dry beds. • • • It Is an established fact that young cockleburs will kill hogs. • * • A good lawn and garden will make the home brighter and better. • * * Remember that sheep like a short bite, but dou’t let it be too short. • • • Green rye and alfalfa, equal parts, will make a fair grade of ensilage. • • • A sore on the breast or shoulders of a horse is a rebuke to the driver. • * • Sheep must have shade In the pas ture, They never graze In the hot sun. • * • A dozen sheep are more effective weed destroyers than a man and a hoe. • • • Nearly a million women In the Uni ted States are either tanners or farm laborers. • • • It is a waste of time aud labor to plant corn on rough, badly prepared, thin ground. • • • If the butler Is to go on the mar ket It should be put In neat, attrac tive packages. • • • Thin steers when pul on pasture make larger and cheaper dally gains than fleshy ones • • • If beginning in the poultry business be sure you get healthy stock or eggs from healthy stock. • • • The more milk a sow gives after her pigs are old enough to take it, the faster they will grow. • • • Don't burn the straw. Use it for bedding for the stock and return it to soil to renew fertility. * • • At this time of year a good sized hen, like a Plymouth Kook, can cover IS eggs If given a snug neet. • • • Try to give the chicks, chick-size grit and charcoal In such away that they cannot help but find it. • • * There is no excuse for stacking al falfa, for one can make big Interest on money that Is Invested In barns. • • • For every cherry that a robin eats, he should be credited with destroying perhaps thousands of injurious in sect s. • • • Rye straw makes the best bedding for stock. Do not be too economical with it. Place a foot deep under the stock • • • Hogs should have plenty of clean, fresh water to drink. They prefer clean to muddy water and It Is more healthful. • • • Rape Is used In a small way only as a soiling crop to grow near the barn and cut for hogs or other stock whec pastures are dry. • • • More than In any other branch of farming, success in poultry raising de pends on regularly and faithfully do ing the little things. • • Weed seed and small grain will never produce a profitable crop when run through the seeder. Look out for your seed before sowing. • • • With a pair of tinsmith's shear* remove all the black teeth that are present in the young pig's mouth as soon after farrowing as possible. • * • Frequent change of pasture and the feeding of supplemental forage and grain are excellent means of assisting In keeping the ewes In good flesh con dition. • • • Weeds should be killed as soon as they begin to grow, but the primary reason for cultivating is to maintain the proper proportion of sir and mois ture In the soil. • • • There is a growing interest In sav ing and improving old neglected or chards. Do not cut down a single tree until convinced that it is wholly useless. If necessary, consult an ex pert orchardlst. • • • Hogs should have warm, dry beds during the chilly nights of late spring and early fall aud during cold, wet weather in summer. This will prevent many cases of pneumonia, probably a greater bog killer from year to year than cholera. • • • Brooder chicks require less heat dur ing the late spring and summer than the early hatches Ninety and 95 de grees for the first ten days is a good temperature, but after this It should never go higher than 90, and with It plenty of fresh air. BUILDING RELOCATE MANY OLD ROADS Department of Agriculture Advlsei Cutting Out of Grades on High ways to Save-Horse*. (Prepared by the United S(at<- Depart ment of Agriculture.) The average life of horses and au tomobiles may be Increased and the cost of hauling reduced, according to the office of roads of (he department of agriculture, by relocating many old roads and the more scientific laying out of new ones. The natural tenden cy In road building Is to build a straight road, whether It goes o\ei steep grades or hills, ot not, and pull ing over these grades naturally adds to the wear and tear on horses and vehicles. The doctrine of the office of roads is that the longest way around may often be the shortest and most economical way home, and that frequently by building a highway around tt bill or grade, but little appreciable distance is added and this is more than offset by the reduced strain of hauling. The chief drawback from the farm owner’s point of view Is that the lay ing out of roads on tills principle of avoiding grades necessitates, in some cases, running the road through good farm land or orchards or pastures, in stead of going around the farm line and building the road through old worn-out fields and over rocky knolls This, of course, must raise a quest ion In the mind of the individual land owner us to whether the cutting up of his property by a road yields bint In dividual advantages and so benefits his community us to offset the use of such land lor a road, or to overcome the in convenience of having bis land di vided. In this connection the office of roads points out that the running of a road and the resulting traffic through a good farm, where there tire good sheep, cattle, horses, grain, fruit or vegetables, lias a certain advertising value and in many instances makes the land more valuable. In other cases, the Importance of such a level road to the community is so great that It might well repay those using the road to give the farmer the equivalent in land equally good In place ot what i m - A Good Road In Wisconsin. he has sacrificed to the common wel fare. At any rate, the office of roads is now taking special [tains to make clear the economic advantage of avoiding steep grades )n other roads, even at some sacrifice of better land. Inves tigation shows that the laying of such roads over hills has resulted more from attention to the preservation of farm lines than from scientific atten tion to the problem of road building According to the testimony of farm ers consulted, where a horse might be able to pull 4,000 pounds on a level road, It would have difficulty in pulling 3,000 pounds up a steep hill. The size of the load, therefore, lends to be measured by the grade of the largest hill on the road to market, in a num ber of cases actual experiment shows that the re-locating of roads around hills has been accomplished, either with no addition in road length in some instances, and with the adding of only a few feet to the highway in others. The office knows of no case where a properly re-located road which has cut out grades has led to any question as to Its material teduc tion of hauling costs THRESHED OATS FOR FOWLS Grain Will Sometimes Produce Crop- Bound if Given Too Freely at First —Alternate With Mash. Threshed oats is fine for fowls, If fed Intelligently. They will some times produce crop-bound if fed too freely when first fed. Almost any dry, bulky rations will produce crop-bound when fed in large quantity. However, oats Is a very valuable ration for fowls, but we would prefer to feed it alter nately with a mash food made of pure wheat bran, hominy feed and shorts. The standard weight for oats, says the Indiana Farmer, is 32 pounds to the bushel, but 1( must be remem bered that t lure is no grain so vari able in weight per bushel as pals. Or dinarily oats when tt approaches the standard weight per bushel makes fine poultry feed. You will find that the fowls will refuse to eat fiber portion of oats—eating only the best of the grain. Flrat Thing* to Ba Considered. Health, beauty, and comfort stand higher than do the rights of the land (peculator. Sew Bug*. Sow bugs are !4-legged animals and feed upon decayed vegetation- They sometimes attack growing plants. To kill them, slice potatoes, dust with Paris green and lay in places fre quented by the bugs. FAMILY FRUIT GARDEN HAVE A FEW SELECTED VARIE TIES AND GIVE PROPER CARE. Dwarfs Are Excellent, as They Re quire Less Room Than Standards, and Come into Bearing the Third or Fourth Year. (By E. KNEELAND. Copyright, 1914.) Fruit for the family table through ; the growing season and a surplus to sell need not mean a large orchard, hut only a few well selected varieties prop erly cared for. First, then, lor a small list of fruits, and the dwarfs and half dwarfs are excellent, as they require ! less room than the standards and come into bearing the third or fourth year and are easily pruned and sprayed. I The trees should he set eight leet | apart, and eight irees will provide fruit from June to November. The variety will depend on the latitude and alti- i hide. The United Stale's government's "Fanner's Bulletin No. UUS" gives a very complete list. What to Plant. Four sweet cherry trees and one sour one will supply enough Irult tor the table and also for pies. Th*' fol- | lowing are recommended: Coe's | Transparent (June), Downer's Late tJtily) Windsor (July) and a Dwarf Montmorency (June) fur cooking. Eight pears should he ample ai.d may all be of the dwarf type, such as two Hartletts (August and Scptemhcrl, (Tapp's Favorite (August and Septem ber), Louise Bonne de J. rscy (Sep tember), Sicked (September I, Howell (September), Betirre d'Aujou lOelo her), Vicar of Wdnklicld (winter). Plums may he grown la the poultry yard and the pardn space saved for other fruit. Crapes are always wel come, and one vine of each of the fol lowing will provide a good supply: Dutchess, Moore's Parly linen Moun tain (white), Concord, Niagara. Dela ware. For currant hushes try eight Fay's prolific. Tin re are endless va rieties of raspberries, hut ten Her berts, tea (Ti(hl)erts and ten St Re gises are recommended: for blackber ries, da Fries, ten Snyders and ten Wilson’s Early, Loo. ihi rides arc as easy to grow as currants, and live Industry aid five Smith's Improved w ill provide u good -ui>i l> Pit | are the land thoroughly, pro vide pb nty of manure to start thin • t M.d ke. p the soil cultivated und( r (hi tries and bushes. Set the stand ard trees IT. del apart, the dwarfs right feet, the' fruit busies six feet, and the canes three feet. Fruit trees, bushes, etc., live in ny yt ars, hut their value dept mis tij "a their vigor, shape and ancestry, so b sure to buy only from a re.iahl • de tier t r i urscry man and when satisfied as to his standing do not let the price go ra the purchase. The saving of a tew dol lars may often result in a inuea gn at er loss litter Finally draw a n mb plan of the garden, mailing Were each tree. bash, etc., is to go, then . -I them with a lim aid tmasitre accord ing to the nurseryman's directions, KEEP DAIRY PRODUCTS FRESH Large Barrel Sunk in Ground Will Af ford Convenient and Serviceable Place for Summer. A very convenient and serviceable place to keep dairy products may b made by sinking a large battel in the ground. A shady spot should bu chosen, writes 0. C. Anil) of Peuitiee, Neb., in Missouri Valley Farmer. Fill lit around the barrel with small stones, gravel and sand, and dampen. Put a box over the barrel and bank up with solid earth, preferably lay. This drains off the water when it rains and i also puls tin* barrel further down, ! which tends to make it cooler. Mako j " Jr — 11 mm l: ||M ill-:: Keeping the Butter Fresh. a light lid for the top of the barrel, and a strong lid for the outer covering i of box. Fit the box us near airtight as J possible. Sprinkle a little dampened sant) over the bottom of the barrel and the little cellar is finished. Pails of j cream, milk and butter may be hung ! from nails on the sides of the barrel, t Air the barrel out occasionally to pre- j vent odors from collecting. The Cat In Kitty. Stroke kitty the wrong way and she spits. Y'et site sleeps In the kitchen by the fire. What of it! The very lap of her mistress has not count ed with the cat In her. The cat in i kitty is wild to the tip of her twitch ing tall. Watch her —if she hasn’t al- - ready scratched you—as, crouched In the grass, she makes her way to ward some unsuspecting bird, advises Dallas hore Sharp in the Atlantic. A shiver runs through you. You can fee] her cla4fs —so tiger-like Is she, so wild and .savage, RO bent on the 1 kill. Or come upon her at dead of night In some empty, dimly lighted alley. She is on the prowl. The light of the narrow, gulchltke street falls on her with a startling largeness and marks her silent shadow on the flags. ( Site moves stealthily out to the cor ner, and, well within the shadows, : stops to glance furtively up and down ! the open cross-street. But the peo ple are all within the shut doors. There Is no one for her to devour. Children Cry FOR FLETCHER’S CASTORIA Home Town) iTlfetosTl TREES HELP PUBLIC HEALTH Besides Purifying the Air, They Help to Make Cooler Summers and Warmer Winters. Men and animals have good reason for their fondness for trees. It is not only because the trees add so much to the beauty of our streets, or because the attractiveness of rivers and lakes and even of tlie seashore depends largely upon tlie trees that we look upon them as silent friends. They help us In a more material way than with their beauty, great as that help may he. They add to our physical comfort and to our health. Parris T. Farwell. in his "Village - improvement," urges the necessity of ! planting and caring for trees for tbrf | sake of the city's or village’s beauty and heallhfulness. The side of the street having the j most trees is the popular side lu sum mer That is because it Is the coolest by about 20 degrees, Mr. Farwell tells us. for "a full grown tree sends out IX7 gallons of water through its leaves into the air." Shading the ground also serves to moderate the heat. And the air around tlie trees is more pure. “The foliage takes in carbonic acid gas. which is poisonous to us. and gives out oxygen, which Is healthful. Indeed, Indispensable to ns” Medical authorities recognize that trees promote the heulthfulness of a community. The tempering effect of trees on the climate Is not confined to summer. In winter they actually radiate heat, In addition to their benefits as wind breaks when planted In clumps and groves. ' That it pays to have trees in the town and city and on the farmstead is shown by tfie fact that real estate on shaded streets and that on which trees are growing sells for a better price. No little of the welfare and prosperity of town, city or country depends upon Its trees, "and there s a direct connection between the at tractiveness of tlie village or of the home on the farm, and the love of the citizens for their village or of the children on the farm for their home " KEEP BOYS OFF THE STREET Authority on the Subject Points Out How Playgrounds Help to Develop Useful Citizens. Addressing a Philadelphia audience. Ernest K Coulter, who can qualify as i an authority on child problems, de dared that more than half the cases brought before the children's court gn-w out of a thwarted desire for play. Very frequently the craving for ex citement and adventure, which more I fortunate youths may gratify In ath letic contests, drive the street hoy uj - minor crime, then into the world of graft amt gangs. So-called reforma- , lories and prisons under the present system operate to keep him tin-re, oiife lie has been convicted. The remedy Is playgrounds, and more playgrounds. Philadelphia is do ing some work in this field, with its recreation centers and playgrounds and gymnasiums. Put the work can not now reach half of those who need it. Money spent for Its extension is a splendid Investment, bearing inter est In useful citizens rather than loaf ers and lawbreakers. Monuments In Poor Locations. The recently issued report of the New York art commission contains the following: "From lime to time there have been submitted to the commission de signs of monuments (chiefly statuary, fountains and the like) completely ex- ' ecuted, with the bronze parts cast, the marble or granite cut and the entire monument ready to he set up. Uftcn the entire work has beep completed in a foreign country, with utter dis regard to the location in which it is proposed that the monument shall be placed They are designed for an abstract location, that is to say, for ; any location, hut search for a suitable I location nearly always results in fail- | ure. “Most persons seem to have lost sight of the fact that many of the beau tiful monuments of the past were de- j signed for particular sites, and conse quently that the monument was made to 111 into its surroundings. "Our American cities, having in 1 most cases no important civic or re- 1 ilgious centers, have grown without j any intelligent or comprehensive plan, and monuments have been lodged here ami there in streets am) parks like driftwood. In only a few instances tire they definitely related to anything In their vicinity, so as to form part of a comprehensive scheme. There is no more forlorn looking object than a granite monument placed in the mid- ! die of a green lawn. It Is a foreigner I to all Us nearest neighbors. Recently j it has come to be recognized that cit- i ies should be built according to a dls- I tinet |dan, and that the various parts 1 and objects in the city should bear a direct relation not only lo one an- i other, but to their surroundings." How to Strike Safety Matches. It is a common thing with smokers for their safety matchboxes to give put on the striking side before all the matches are used up. If they will keep in mind just one thing, this can always be averted. The safety striking part Is very quick on trigger, and needs only a slight contact, instead of a long scratch. Simply snap the end of the match quickly for about a quarter ol an inch on the striking surface. In this way the outside may always be kept fresh and usable. The long scratch of course causes the match to ignite before contact ceases, and the surface is actually burnt up. Some safety matches will strike on a wlndowpane.—Sunday Magazine. . . r v FLOCK iniO'lS” Natives of the Far East Attracted by Shows. In Singapore the Natives Have Been Quick to Seize on the New Western Pastime—High Admission Prices. | The wide popularity of moving pic tures in Singapore is only another in stance of the rapid absorption of West ern ideas by Eastern people, popular ly considered as indifferent to the march of civilization, according to United States Vice-Consul General Casper L. Dreicr, writing trout the Straits Settlements. Going to see Hie "movies" has al ready become a favorite form of relax- • ation with the Singaporeans, Mr. Ureler says, and ho predicts a great ! future for the cinematograph in all parts of the East. “Singapore," he ears, "wn*> by i means behind the re- • .o .mid in its adoption t o. cope. Many years h.i- ;cd since tlie eincinulo- i K' ipx- nisi introduced lo local i oidents in a small show on Ihgli street, and the sui prise of the name population when they witnessed mov ing and performing aeis which seemed more in place in actual lilt- can mu- ti more easily be imagined than do t scribed. There are now lire picture houses in this city, ami in a short time more will be added lo the iium her. Some of the buildings used lot motion picture purposes are ordinary flame structures with thatched roots "An interesting feature of ha al line matograpli theaters is the way they I cater to the poorer native el isse-.-- by arranging benches made of planks at , the rear of the stage or n-n-i n. Ad ! mission to this part of the house i- : | ten cents local earn ory, nr about 5.1 i cents United States gold, and it is no! ' unusual to have nearly a thousand | people witnessing the picliims from ! the other side. They are compelled, ! of course, to view the picture back- 1 ward, hut il seems to make li-ih- dif ference, as they do not read tie- Eng- ! l isli description and receive He ir sole j amusement from the attractiveness of i the picture itself. This feature is de pended on by tlie theaters lor a goodly ; portion of their revenue Admission | to the front part of tlie building seems exorbitant compared with similar shows in tlie United Stales, the gen era I price being $2 local currency, or 11-1 ■1 American." HELEN DUNBAR XT' f Miss Helen IHinhar is very popular with lo r host of adudn-rs for her splendid portrayals of a wide range of characters in the Indian Head dims Miss Hun bar is a woman of charming personality, a line photographic sub Ject and her long stage experience he fore Joining tlie photoplay forces has perfected her for any role she is called upon to assume. "Movies" for Baseball Men. John J. Ah draw, manager of the Giants, has made arrangements to in stall a projection machine in the Giants’ clubhouse, where the hall play era will be given daily instruction and tips regarding possible improvements in their work Harry E. Aiken con ceived tlie idea of applying the lessons of the movies to big league baseball He believes that just as tlie employes of the Pittsburgh steel plants an taught industrial processes and lab t saving movements in their work, sc can it baseball player be eo..elu-d hj scenes of the motion picture camera ; |n improving his work. Favorite Actor Convalescent. Mule i'-ohhy Connelly, who has been sick with pneumonia for three weeks is reported to he convalescent. He will soon lie seen in some new life portrayals as Sonnj Jim, which char acter In- lias already made famous uu der the direction of Tefft Johnson. Aviation Drama Coming. In a new film. "The Navy Aviator,” i Sidney Ayres, as an aviator, drops a j bomb by which Jack itichardson, play- j ing the role of a traitor and brigand j Is killed Weed Seeds. In order to aav< soil that is com- j paralively free from weed seeds many j gardeners begin a year in advance of planting to prepare the soil. If onions ; are to be planted next year manure is | applied freely tills year for a cultl- | vaU-d crop such as corn or potatoes i and no weeds are permitted to go to seed. Children Cry FOR FLETCHER’S CASTO R I A 1 Children Cry for Fletcher's The IS!ml You Have Always IJonght, anti widt h has hc-rn in use for over HO years, lias homo the signature of anti has hoc a made under his jcr fy* S sonal supervision since its infancy. Allow iso one todeceive you in 1 his. AM Counterfeits, imitations aim “ .(ust-as-good ” art; hub ISxpclaments that trifle with anti ciuhiinvcr tlio health of Infants aiul Children —lixpericnee again it if.vpcriurcut. Whet is CASTOR IA Castor! a is a harmless snhstitato for Castor Oil, Parc gorie. Drops anti Soothing* - Syrups. Ii is t.leas at. it; contains neither Opium, alorphiao nt-r other .Narcotic substance. Its is its gu t ;u(ee, 11 <h ,o , s Worms and alia> s Pevermlmess. l-’or more than thirty years it has heen a constant use f-.-r tiie relief of Constipation, I'iatnieiiey, Wind Colie, all t'eeii.iaTroubles and Diarrhira. It rcj.vut.iies the Stonim h mid ilov.t is, assimilates the Pood, giving? Jf-althy anti natural sleep. 'Jim Children’* I’anuceii—i lie mother’s ITicud. GENUINE CASTOR!A ALWAYS ycpßears the Signature c.f in Use For Over SO Fears The Kind You Have Always Bought ’ Mjt .i *■ i<]f V r 4 orijSf.ing! lmpryl OrignlatS'. ..fth wminiinWrfiwaaai HJ|| II I .. - ******** ii-jmjßWrtm’WW-Mhi-* • - , *** ‘ 1 The four designs of Cortright Metal Shingles as shown above are made in any of the following ways: 1. Stamped from Tin-plate and painted Red. 2. Stamped from Tin-plate and painted Green. 3. Stamped from Tin-plate and Galvanized In; a hand-dipping process. 4. Stamped from special light-coat, 1 Galvanized shteb. Each and everv genuine Gothic! t Mel .i Shingle is embossed with this I Tr de-i. nk, “ Cortright Reg. G. S. IVt Oil.” c. j For Sale ly G. L. W illCOrClkHCi , S Inn-.mmt. 31 apjla ml f.-l ' • . • f; - t. - . r (Tfs*yj JVv ■'-. • : .. • 1 iiifi't .ti • > : *X‘<Xd Aid I • !*■ - * *T? C' 11. r ;iv • " v * *'■ ir’ i* g .•■■•■m • • .1/1 .J li.c ceiei.iuieU Me r*i! ■ r i f >*' • J ■' r .7 . .C‘ .• - i 1* -.ov . .... ... ',''.'s ''\ T.* i . f >., Nov/ YorV; City Foley’s LicLra.ey' Pills What They Will Do for You They will cure your backache, | strengthen your kidneys, cor rect urinary irregularities, build up the worn out tissues, nnd eliminate the excess uric acid that causes rheumatism. Pre vent Bright’s Disease and Dia ates, and restore health and strength. Refuse substitutes. ¥7: rn mFj TPS kkrl sz: - lILWI * NOT r 8 '?> '"Si n GOLD K UNDER H ;■* ! r - ANY I, j ■ Y OTHER jj V I £ | nan.e. k aa w is s & w arrantfd for all time. If you pinvlmsi' 111.' MOV lIDMK you v ill h.'LVi' li life llssi l ill the 1 \ < ill 11: ..iiUllWill not Imviiuu < iklless <■ limlu cl ivpiiirs. li “V ~ | ■ j 'V Quality LMi sJilv Co "f' red H il is lhe Lh \ foil Cheapest f . in the end If you want ft Bowing nnvhlno, write fop our latest catalogue before you pun base. % Ntiw Home Sewing IMne Co., Ikaip, Mass. , PEHRLESS Paper MEAT Sacks An Miff ir*a 1 t Skip] ft 8 in Tlltftl ti ; i 1 . : • •v- on t'uch I • ,■ i (Hrd. ,> ' in by*. A* .■- • :51U"“'L' % ...4 ■< V A •: .- ■r -x \ f \ • ■• i in M- i-;..!* * .v\ ■ m,.;. i lly j.ufs ii an at* \ ;■ . . in' Mil VI ill not bl I" 'llf . t '■ . ” I \, ' • *C. . - an* iiiiidi* lii.'ii I 'I. I ''111; MTil'Ct “j’* ' .. ; ■; w :i lit. with air •t; t ;i*s ’l'll. :n v in.idr li i v , H.. ,-t, ;,* . -fr*. a* .1.4 •im. -i .. Tin* a: Mf \ .■■■•• and nl.f ii ! r- <*r Loid* V I ti ■ ■ I.;n d.Si* t . 'lt >Ui.<tA. M ■ w ui ■ '•* til* iinrii, nifilliup or 4 *i • > [.finiils *'t'l th** air.Hl. r 4 i , ■ r' .• di' |.iind.H. i • ,i 'it. lain evFf> flalm for >m I i \ wh.*r* once n >•>! tb**\ v■! . .1- • I \ L ■ <• ;*: tftetn. K .1,1 ,1 >tH ]itere. ftiTonli -:r M* %. • : . 1 Klii OM.y H\ IV v 6’ '.l o*- hern Pig. A M^i’ | THE | BALTIMORE I NEWS Ordy and Sunday ); *.V : : \f. : dcpeiulent iihm j| |aj ■■;■. !• d.'hod every aft • i ,iilv and Snndav'. ‘ A lien sj aper for tlio hmae—i’.ir the family cir cle. 1 Knjo.n the confirlence mill nv eet of its readers. i \ ' One ci ;it everywhere. Buy i from your local A etv - dealer or order by mail. ! One Oil $ .30 l| oi\ 1 ■ dits $1.75 I I run. ~,.8.50 A f ====== ill !. -tunore News O ’. I fMOHR, MI).