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“SLICKING UP” THE OLD “HEN HOUSE”
~... w/ <. •.. < *- • '■■■ t Mum wvw orwt | C^j^^Kl House Cleaning Time. ' A thorough “bouse cleaning” of the poultry quarters every spring and full will go a long way toward increasing the production of the flock and de creasing the number of untimely deaths among the chicks, according to a statement recently made by J. G. Halpin of the college ot agriculture, University ot Wisconsin. Cleaning out the droppings and the soar top layer of soil from the floor, and hauling In some clean, fresh dirt or sand, Is the first step In the "clean up." By bringing the level of the floor up several Inches above the level of the ground outside, good drainage is secured and the fowls will have dry "footing" which Is absolutely neces sary to keep them healthy. Roosts should be scraped clean of filth In order to remove possible lodging places for lice. Brush all the old cob webs and dirt from the walls and corners, and take every bit of movable material out of the nests. By thus “stripping” the house, we have a chance to get at the lice and mites, which are among the worst ene mies with which poultry have to con tend. These pests kill off large num- LOOK ON THE BRIGHT SIDE Afflictions and Complaints About Which So Many Worry Really Don’t Amount to So Much. Wo are full of afflictions and com plaints. Our salary is too low. our rent too high. Somebody of less merit gets a better job. Our children are disobedient and extravagant. The street cars are slow and crowded. The wheat crop has failed. Cholera gets the hogs. Every now and then, however, we get the real measure of these tribula tions This neighbor Is not worrying much about salary or rent, because the doctors have told him he must soon die. That neighbor finds no fault In his child, because It lies dead. The poor ventilation of our house seemo quite tolerable In contrast with that other house where snow beats through the cracks and there is neither fuel nor food. Before such comparisons we are dumb and contented for a day or a week. So In our national life; how manifold and poignant are the causes of complaint—until we look across at those places In Europe where death, wounds and beggary are the common lot! Then —well, we shall complain as often and as bitterly as ever: but we shall whistle “Hall Columbia!" under our breath while doing It. —Saturday Evening Post. MORAL TRAINING THE BEST Attempt to Cure Waywardness by Surgery Alleged to Be a Failure. Few sensible persons will be sur prised to learn that a recent surgical operation performed In the hope of making a decent man out of a crim inal has resulted In failure, says the Philadelphia Inquirer. It is always possible that the weakness or the dull ness of a boy or girl may be due to some curable physical or mental ail ment, but to presume that mere way wardness can he reformed by use of the surgepn's knife is to presume too much on the credulity of human na ture. The truth of the matter is that these stray lambs need moral training in their youth and their failure to get it is a handicap that Is only too apt to remain with them through life. Noth ing is more discouraging than the yel low streak that appears in some per sons, and nothing seems more difficult to eradicate. Their cases should have the attention of the experts, but we feel sure that they stand in need of the punishment that fits the crime rather than sentimental experiments op the part of philanthropists who mean well, but who only encourage crime by their foolish toleration ot wrongdoing. Finding Noise That Least Annoys. The question of different kinds ol noises from a practical point of view, and with special reference to alto mobile horns, was considered by Pro fessor Marage at a recent meeting ol the Academic des Sciences He inves tigated the subject by executing pieces of music upon ancient and modern in struments, before a number of persons chosen from all professions. The general result was that high pitched sounds produced a more disa greeable impression than those of low pitch, and since it appears that the grave sounds are more agreeable to the ear he recommends that such sounds be used for signals as much as possible. In .fact, the use of the siren has been prohibited In many European towns He thinks that automobiles should have two kinds of signals, one a grave sound for city use which does not annoy the passers, and a loud and shrill sound fur use in the coun try. which sound will carry to a long distance. hers of young chicks in the spring and sap all the life out of the older fowls, cutting down their production tremen dously. Spray liberally the whole Inside of j the heuse, with a mixture of 14 parts ; of kerosene and one part carbolic acid, being very sure that every crack and | corner where lice and mites or their eggs might be hidden, is thoroughly soaked- To do the spraying, any or dinary hand spraying machine, such j as we ordinarily use to spray with parts green In the garden, or to white wash in barns, may he used. After this spray mixture has dried off apply a good coat of whitewash. Finish up the job by covering the floor with several Inches of bright straw or chaff, tilling the nests with some clean straw or wood shavings and furnishing a dish of clean water and a hopper of crushed oyster shells and grit. If the chickens can be treated for lice before being culled Into their renovated home, the job will be com plete and thorough, and the ehlck’ens will begin a new era of prosperity for their owner. SACRIFICE THAT WAS FUTILE New Yorker Recalls Incident of His Boyhood That May Well Be Called a Tragedy. “1 heard a cynic talking on the fu tility of self-sacrifice the other night,” said a New York lawyer, according to the Christian Endeavor World. “I did not agree with his conclu sions, but his theme recalled an inci dent in my youth that was certainly a case In point on his side. “When 1 was a youngster the dog faced boy was in his prime. We lived In the county seat of a county up-state. My only sister —always m\ great pet— and 1 were intensely cited when wo heard that the lad with the canine countenance was to come to our town. 1 "We hud saved up all our pennief, and when the boy arrived we had 25 cents. We figured the admission would be 10 cents and we would have a nickel over for candy—for what's see ing a dog-faced boy without candy to chew while staring. “Well, the boy arrived, and wo went to tne tent where he was being dis played. To our horror the admission was 25 cents. Wo puzzled long, but the tragic conclusion was always the same—only one of us could go in. 1 drew forth the 25 cents and in a voice husky with emotion I said: ‘Here, Dot, you go in. 1 don’t mind, and you can tell nie all about him when you come out.’ "My sister protested, but finally went. In five minutes she was back. I was all eagerness to hear every de tail of the famed face. "’How was he—how was he, Dot? What did he look like? Is he a really, truly dog? Tell me quick.’ “Dot gazed at me and her Up quiv ered. ’Oh. Jack,’ she said, ‘When I got In I was so scared I could not look at him.’ ’’ AVERSIONS HARD TO EXPLAIN Well-Authenticated Cases of Remark able Dislikes Among Men and Women Otherwise Normal. A case Is related of a monk who would faint on seeing a rose and who never quitted his cell at the monas tery while that flower was blooming. Another authority tells us of how da Vinci, the great painter, would swoon upon going suddenly Into a room where roses were blooming, even though he did not see them. Valtuld tells us of an army officer who was frequently thrown into violent convul sions by coining in contact with the little flower known as the pink. The same authority also tells of the case of a lady, forty-six years of age, hale and hearty, who, if present when linseed was being boiled for any purpose, would be seized with violent (Us of | coughing, swelling of the face, and partial loss of reason for the ensuing 24 hours Writing of these peculiar antipathies and aversions, Montague remarks that he has known men of undoubted cour- ! ago who would much rather face a shower of cannon balls than look at an apple! In Zimmerman's writings there is an account of a lady who could not bear to touch either silk or satin, and i would almost faint if by accident she should happen to touch the velvety skin of a peach. Hoyle records the case of a man who would faint upon ; hearing the "swish” of a broom acr*ss 1 the floor, and of another with a natural abhorrence of honey. Hippocrates of old fells of one Nicanor who would j always swoon at hearing the sound of a flute. Again the Professor. “What was that terrible noise last evening?” inquired the star boarder. | “That absent-minded professor j again,” replied the landlady wearily; I "he found a paragraph upside down in the newspaper and tried to stand upon bis head to read it” Virtue may choose the high or low de gree, "Tls just alike to virtue and to me. Dwell In a monk, or light upon a king. She’s still the same belov’d, con tented thing.—Pope. TOOTHSOME MARMALADES. During the months of February and March the oranges are cheapest and Sheet. This, then, is the season for making the sirups and marmalades which we will enjoy through the year The English prefer their marmalade rather more bitter than we do. English Marmalade. — Cut one dozen large line oranges, well washed and wiped, Into tb'n slices, to the core. Reject the seeds and core To the sliced oranges add six quarts of water, cover and let stand over night. Next morning bring to the boiling point and slowly simmer for three hours. Add seven pounds of sugar and cook until clear and like Jelly. South American Marmalade. —Take equal quantities of sour oranges and sugar. Grate or slice the yellow rind from one-fourth of the oranges, cut the fruit In halves and scoop out the pulp, rejecting the seeds. Drain off as much juice as possible, put it with the sugar in a saucepan and stir, cooking 15 minutes, skim and add the pulp and rind and boll for 20 minutes or until the mixture Jellies. Amber Marmalade. —This Is one of the cheapest and finest marmalades. Take one grapefruit, one orange, and one lemon, slice pulp, skin and all very line, rejecting the seeds and the cores Cover with five pints of wa ter and let stand over night. In the morning put on to cook until the pulp and skins are tender, then add five pints of sugar and cook until the mix ture jellies. The flavor of this mar malade is very good and the last glass will be as delightful us the first. Grapefruit Marmalade- —Wash a dozen fine oranges and half a dozen grapefruit. Cut them In thin slices from the outside to the core, reject ing seeds and core, add lemons, sliced in the same way. Mix all to gether and add six quarts of cold water, let stand over night. Next day bring to the boiling point and cook for two hours and a half, until the pulp Is thick. Add seven pounds of sugar, and when It is trans parent and jells, pour Into glasses and cover as one does Jelly. MilitlHen |Si#Adinet War In mini's eyes shall be A monster of iniquity In the good time coming Nations shall not quarrel then. To prove which is the stronger; Nor slaughter men for glory's sake: Walt a little longer —Charles Mackay. EGG DISHES. About this season of the year we be gin to look for eggless dishes of vari- Hons# kinds and re mark upon the high price of eggs If one would be a little forehanded and pack a few are 20 cents a doz en there would b< no wail ascending when eggs are 4t or 50 cents, A few pounds of watei glass will keep eggs perfectly ami they are so like fresh eggs that they may be Used in almost any,way. The following dashes are for those thrifty housewives who have supplied themselves with plenty of eggs, ot who have bens which lay at this season. Eggs and Onions In Cream Sauce.— Cook four small onions in boiling water until tender, adding salt when they are about half-cooked. Cook foul eggs In boiling water, by covering them with the water and allow them to stand In a warm place tightly cov ered for a half hour. Turn cold water over them and remove the shells Prepare a cupful of rich white sauce using two tablespoonfuls each of flour and butter and a cupful of rl h milk. Season well with salt and paprika and put the sauce, eggs cut in quarters and the onions in layers. In a buttered baking dish. Let the contents thor oughly heat and serve hot. Just the last few minutes sprinkle with frit tered crumbs and brown. Eggs Baked in Potato Nests.—Fol each nest pare medium-sized potatoes and cook until tender in boiling salted water. Mash and season with butter and a few tablespoontuls of cream and whip until light and white. On a buttered baking sheet form small rounds of the mashed potato and leave a depression deep enough to hold an egg broken fnto them. Sprinkle the Inside of the nests generously with chopped ham. then drop In the eggs. Finish the edges of potato with the beaten yolk of an egg and brown In the oven. /L&CC<jtom . In Illinois the average salary of the 5,600 men teachers is $722.67 a year. A Misunderstanding. "Will you give me your name, please?” asked the young lady who was making a list of those present. "Excuse me,” said he between blushes, "but 1 will have to plead that this is not leap year.”—The Path finder. Children Cry FOR FLETCHER’S CASTO R I A WINTER SMELTER FOR SHEEP Wise Shepherd Will See That Arrange ments for Protection of Flock Are Good and Sufficient. The shepherd who is wise enough to be prepared for wet wintry days and cold winter nights does not dread losses from pneumonia, and the mortality In the lambing season of next February and March that will come from breed ing ewes that have been weakened by exposure. As winter begins to draw a little nearer, he sees that hi. shelter ing arrangements are all that they ought to be. It does not matter whether the sheds used by the sheep are so very warm or not. Hut they must not be so open that the wind can whistle through them and there must be plenty of ventilation, says a writer In Farm Progress. Plenty of light and ventilation, and freedom from drafts are the main considerations. The warmth of the sjied is less Important than the ne cessity of a good, sound roof. 1 never put more than fifty sheep In a single shed. More than that number will be hard to manage and the chances of accidents among ewes with lamb will be greatly Increased. The shed ought to be about twice as long as It Is wide and there should be ample room for every animal to lie down Imlde Its doors without the ap pearance of crowding the place. The | floor must of course be absolutely dry and remain that way. The feeding rack should be placed on one side of the shed and should consist of a fiat bottomed trough at the bottom, surmounted by a well- A Shropshire Sheep. built rack, made of slats nailed aboiM three Inches apart. Put It out far enough from the side wall so that the ewes may feed at it from both sides. W here the space Is not great enough to allow the rack tc be built out from the wall so sheep can feed from both sides, the bottom of the rack will have to be built slanting enough to slide all the grain, hay, chaff, trashy bits of forage and leaves, down to the side where the sheep are feeding. This will keep the far side of the rack from filling up with moldy feed. RINGING THE VICIOUS HOGS Unruly Sows Inclined to Make Trouble of Various Kinds May Be Sub dued by Use of Ropes. When the sows gpt unruly and In clined to make trouble of various kinds they can be readily controlled by an arrangement made of ropes and placed around the jaws of the animal. Such a rope Is not easy to put in po sition with an angry hog, so a little device made of an old broom handle Is used. Insert a small hook In one end of the handle and near the other end nail a strap, which, fastened so as to form a loop, will enable one to get a firmer grip on the handle. Then take the rope and make a slip noose In one end, hang It from the hook on the end of the small pole and, with a quick movement, place the loop over and around the upper Jaw, when the mouth Is forced open. Take hold of the rope with one hand Just above the noose and with the help of the ringer Insert the ring or rings on the snout. The animal will be unable to fight much with this appliance around Its Jaw. GROUND WIRES SAVE STOCK Gives Considerable Protection From Lightning and Is Profitable In- , vestment for Farmers. (By FRANK M. WHITE. Wisconsin A* rlcultaral College.) Grounding fence wires affords con siderable protection from lightning and Is a worth while Investment for farmers. As hundreds of valuable animals are struck by lightning In this state every summer, many of the casualties be ing directly due to currents carried along pasture fences, such advice Is particularly timely. To secure the best results ground wires ought to be placed about one hundred feet apart and closely stapled to the post, so as form a contact with j every one of the fence wires. The ground wires should also extend slight- [ ly above the fence post, and, like a , lightning rod, should penetrate the soil far enough to reach moist earth. No. 8 or ! wire Is most satisfactory for ! this purpose. Skim Milk for Pigs. It Is usually estimated that 100 pounds of skim milk are worth as much as a half bushel of corn for feed ing purposes—that Is, if corn Is 00 cents a bushel, 100 pounds of skim milk are worth 30 cents. In feeding pigs give three pounds of skim milk I to one pound of grain. Skim milk con tains 2.9 per cent protein, 5.3 per cent carbohydrates and about 0.2 per cent fat. It Is practically all digestible. MONEY IN POULTRY, BUT NOT A FORTUNE. Experiment Station Poultrymen Coun sels Against Great Expectations In the Poultry Business. ROY H. WAITE, Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station. I wish it were possible for every poultry raiser to make "$7.16 per hen per year,” to have “16 hens bring $2,300.00,” or to have "6 hens yield 11,300.00." These are some of the headings we have seen recently in con nection with advertisements appearing In the poultry press. A PROFIT YIELDER. On second thought, I am not so sure though that 1 do want to see poultry raisers make so much, but 1 am not thinking so much about over working the hen, as 1 am wondering where the poor fellow who doesn’t raise chickens would get the money to pay for his breakfast eggs. Furthermore, 1 don’t believe the Industry would live long. It would Just naturally kill itself off, for the consumer would soon find a sub -1 stltute or go without, and how could you pay the help, buy the teed, build the house, rent the land, buy the incu bators and brooders and the one bun died and one other things necessary, If you could not sell your product? I don’t believe a Maryland reader would take any stock In the statements in ■ question, but a few words of comment I may not he out of place. The poultry business Is not unlike | other businesses In regard to profits, Some make more and some less, de pending largely on personality and training. A shrewd dealer, a man that understood advertising and one experi enced in business methods might make a pretty good thing out of breeding stock and hatching eggs, but I am pretty well convinced that one ought to be satisfied with from one to two dol lars net profit under ordinary condi tions. I don’t believe in halting people Into the poultry business with big sounding talk, only to have a large number of them disappointed with un expected smaller returns and forever afterwards being bitter enemies to the Industry as a whole. The right man, on the light place, with the right equipment, raising the right breed, feeding the right feed, and marketing In the right manner will be well re paid for his efforts, and by the way, the right place Is usually right on the farm. SPRAYING ESSENTIAL TO SUC CESSFUL ORCHARDING TODAY. S. B. SHAW, Maryland Agricultural College Extension Service. After the trees have been pruned and the brush taken away and burned the orchard Is in shape for spraying. Notwithstanding all that has been written of the necessity for spraying or what has been told of the advantage resulting from this operation, there are many who still do not realize the full Importance of such work. True, there was a time when it was not necessary to spray for the production of prolitahle crops, but conditions have changed. The introduction of certain insects and diseases, the necessity for a wider distribution of crops and the ever increasing demands of the trade make ll absolutely necessary for the grower to spray it he expects to realize anything whatever from his trees. One of the most persistent and devastating troubles the orchardist ot today has to contend with is the San I Jose scale. This Insect, protected by a scale-llke covering, does its damage i by sucking the vitality and life from the tree or plant. For this reason, Hie means for control must be the appli cation of something that will kill by contact. Concentrated lime-sulphur and some oil preparations have proved very effective for this purpose. They must, however be applied during win ter while the trees are in a dormant condition. If applied In the summer, the strength necessary for the control of the scale would injure the fruit and foliage. Scale must be killed if trees I are to be kept alive. Left alone, (he insect soon wins out and there Is noth ! lug left but dead wood. Those who I expect to continue in the orchard busi ness or who contemplate the planting | of new trees and have not fully made 1 up their minds to control at least this [ one trouble had better reconsider and get Into some other business. It Is a waste of time, energy and money to I attempt to produce fruit under present | existing conditions without spraying. ; 1• • * One of the first things to do in im proving your farm, if you have not j already done so, Is to put a silo oi It. Children Cry FOR FLETCHER’S I CASTO RI A I Children Cry for Fletcher’s The Kind You Have Always Bought, and which has been in use for over 30 years, has borne the signature of and has been made under his per ( <r~ SOIia I supervision since its infancy. y-C6cc*UA4 Allow no one to deceive you in tills. AH Counterfeits, Imitations and “ Just-as-good ” are but Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of Infants and Children—Experience against Experiment. Whet is CASTORIA Castor!n is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is pleasant. It eontains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic substance. i‘s age Is Its guarantee. It destroys Worms end allays Feverishness. For more than thirty years it lias been in con stant use for the relief of Constipation, Flatulency, A ind Colie, all Teething Troubles and Diarrhoea. It regulates the Stomach and Bowels, assimilates the Food, giving healthy and natural sleep. The Children’s Panacea—The Mother’s Friend. GENUINE CASTORS A ALWAYS in Use For Over 30 Fears The Kind You Have Always Bought THE CENTAUR COMPANY, NEW YORK CITY, SHllfSfS ■MV - \>\F 1 ' U X --rU i.ij 3 ITETAL SHINGLES Are Stormproof They interlock and overlap in such away that the hardest driv ing rain c r sifting snow cannot possibly get under them. Besides this—they last indefinitely, and never need repairs. Another point—They’re very reasonable in first cost. You can learn all about them from G. L. Winebrenner, . Mrtz'V* Magazine ahii file Call Patterns For Women Have More Friend* than nny other j maga .inc >r i ;i‘Jcmk. Mi Call's is the iclianh.- Fash (ittkU; r.ontlily in I f one million run- hundred thousand j horn l slt si- '• winjr all the latest | designs o'M t : I r.vifii. each issue | is i ruin'd ■.r ht.g s, o:t st ries | andbvi, ful r.ifori’iati a for women. j Save Money and Ke.-p hv icihscrihing i • ter Mil iVs ',t i-i.c. (.' Ms only 50 | rants a ■ ir. im-'ii . any cue of the celebrated i McCall I’.iucrus trie. 1 McCall Patterns Lead all others in style, fit, ’ simt-licuv. ci.' n.v .nil miml.i-r sold. More - dea ers s 1 Mcl.Vil Pattens Ilian any other two r i.ii.t-s.-ini -ined. None liiy,her than 15cents. Uuy } fn.m ym.r dealer, or by mail iiora r.IcCALL’S MAGAZINE 236-2 *,6 W. 37th St., New York City N n— *mpl* Copy, I'lMinlum Cmi -ru* tod Pattern CtUiegua tr j I Foleyb | Kidney* Pills i What They Will Do for You 1 They will cure your backache, strengthen your kidneys, cor rect urinary irregularities, build up the worn out tissues, e.nd eliminate the excess uric acid that causes rheumatism, Prc vent Dright’s Disease and Dia u-ates, and restore health and ttrength. Refuse substitutes. ■B t> Tp.MK sewvc 111 Ir MAC IlLfv qu^ tHOME WARRANTED FOR ALL TIME. Ifyou purr huso tin- NEW HOME you will have n life unset at the price you pay, uud will Dut have an eutlless chain of repairs. • V& Quality 1 Considered it is the Cheapest in the end Ifyou want a sewing machine, vwlte tor Otic latest catalogue before you purch me. Tin New Home Sewing Maobine (X Orange. Hass. PEERLESS Paper MEAT Sacks An- safe uni’ su m mereiit skippers In uni , If the mho e .tlreeiioos on each sack hi.- tol‘owed. m R ” 1 ■■■■„,. ru warn l t * K Hifi . t f ~s i s awful: V m.iii ;<s vonr i<icr. Is *niokwd, In the Mrf* • , iwfi n tp. lipiu *r •kipiier Hy puts In an ap pia :r-,; :i \•ur i t >.i In the Njiek* following the sin.: I.- .||r*T ,, t.ii- pmii.lv pnocil on each one, and yon can r**! aiMi,od <hat vu will not be bothered T .-iless" I'at r Mt*ai Sacks are made from a i <p*rlni;* prepared. vcr\ toiK-b, pliable, it rent;, close fr: i liev> mi •r. with 'ur perfect “Peerless" On loin 'v iil u ~if and wait-r tlcht. and with care :• be nse.l for <*vftrl years They are made In three ai/,i* in si.,- :• I•, i/es of meat, and ttll at 1,4 indecent* i , art nr Mni- to size. The larjje r y rent size in-f ibe hums and ahnuldert of begs wei him: Olve welirht* from :ttO to 600 pounds, ae cniiiltiK to ho* in* not! Ih trimmed; medium er 4 cent si?, from tt .W pound* and the small or 9 sj/,. from . to iMMi pounds. a f-;‘,r trial'mi; full'’sn*uln every claim for our A . and we fer i that where onco used they will • ■ a hiiiut*ho"i necessity. J,*/** A-A your grocer for them. Pi Ice 3, 4 and *> cents apiece, according to site MANt'K ACTI'RIP Oil LT BT THS outhern Ptg. & Mfg ro, THE BALTIMORE NEWS Daily and Sunday live, independent news paper, published every aft x “moon (daily and Sunday). ■'■ers rhoro’V'h-v -be s e'vntf o he city, lie unc. ’oniury. *jA newspaper for the home : —for the family cir cle. •'Enjoys the confidence and respect of its readers, *[one cent everywhere. Buy it from your local Newsdealer or order by mail. One month $ .30 Six months.... $1.75 One year 3.50 The Baltimore News BALTIMORE, HD.