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established By Wm. Need, 1870.
VOLUME XLV. FREDERICK RAILROAD Tliiirmiiiit Division S Vdule In Effect September 19, 1915. All trains Daily mil v,s spacili d Leave Frederick Arrive Tminn mt. 7 0 a rn •” ’I 11 ' ,T, ‘ 9. id a. in **’■ -• 111 1 1.-id a rn 22ip. m. 2 it) p. m -A. p rn. ; (I.) u. rn 1. H i> m. 1.4 Mj.ni 'l V. !>• 1,1 G. Id p. in P .>7 p. in. BGO p. rn. Sunday Duly 917p in 10.10 p 101,0 P- m Leave Thurnu.nt. Arrive Frederick. 612 a. m 58 a. rn. 8 14 a. in •' (* ’ H n ' lo 45 a. m 1 ' ,,! a m ' 12.31 p. in 1 19 p m 814 p. j P 4 5 ' |>. in > ’■; P •" 5 4;) p, in Sundry Only 9 P 1,1 ~, Kxcepl S iml.i.V m ’• Ml 7onp. rn 7.46 rn !) 25 p m So May Only 10.08 i> rn Note —\U tr.rns a-4vh-/ and ie.-'-iu. Tmirmoru sdv.’dul d trom Western .vlary land station Note—Ail trains arriving an l1- vir ' Frederick scheduled from S.| iar<?. Western Maryland v ik. IV. Schedule In Elf eel Septcinjer 19, UUS CUING WEST. v *i 5 a 0) Q O' o P"-n ® - i St > Z A .£ VH “! • - a a 5 jj * l, i u - - zi a 3 ~ jz -a <3 <3 <s aj c-i S C •4 loam 6.07a:n 7.20 am flu. 25am •8.00 10.42 12 04pm *10.40 12.31 arl :< 40 pm B.loa tl.o4pm G2lpm ar7.10 $7.10 9.22 10.45 going fast. T3 C - £ S< as - -. a £9 g = >u Z. z .-c cfly 5s- u- "i ‘S’-C H C u J 3 *-• -75 < 73 ■5 s ha t6.55am 8 12am 10.25 am +7 15 * 1 55pm 3.13pm 5 4lp ir, •B.oopm L3opm 3.50 4.51 6.45 •4.15 5 33 8.14 •Daily tDaily except Sunday. Only. Atitoiir tending a Bk6l< h mid description inn quickly asTcriniu our oi'Himim free wlietlifr i luvoiiHori is proUiiMy pfilctitlJif; . < <nmiunlc (iiivisntrictijrcniiildi-.itljil. HAuiiUOOK ‘ ul h‘*hi. •eut free. Olrtoat flUftu y for m-hiimff patent*. rntouts tukoti through Mumi & Co. receive special notice, wlfhout chnrao, in Uio Scientific Jlrocrican, A handsomply lllintroloi! *"Alv. I.nnrodt olr dilation >.( imv r. luniiu ■.l i. .1. Terms. 11 ; yoar: four niontlii), tU tjuiairyall tiewndoalcrr IVIUNN & C 0 .361 Broadway New York Branch Office. t5 F SU Waatilunton. P. C. THE MUTIUL issmict CO OF FREDERICK COUNTY OlttiANl/iKD 1843. Office—4(i North Market Street Frederick, Mil. A. C. MiCarJj!!, 0. C Warehime President. Secretary. SUIiI’LUS, §2,5,000.00. No Premium Notes Required. Save 2 o'fo and Insure with a Hum Company. DIRECTORS dosedh G. Miller, O. P. Bennett, Jam ts Honek, K. S. J. U itrow, M 2 ton G. Urner, Casper E. Cline, A. C. McCarcHl, Ch irles B. Trail, Dr. D. F. McKinney. Clayton O. Keedy George A. Dean, P. N. Hammaker. Rates furnished on application to om resident director, P. N. Hammaker, ST^N| SHOOT fgl You want to HIT what you are aiming at mi —be it bird, bcaht or target. Make your shots count by shooting the STEVENS. If For 4i years STEVENS ARMS have 1 carried off PREMIER HONORS for AC- I CURACY. Outline: j Bides, Shotguns, Pistols st on the Strvfns. f r i4o-pa” Catai..^ If you . ann t ci.tain, ofcoini.ieic cutout. A v. ft ship Direct, ev- valiia'Mebookofrefer | ftets f-yffi.tx.i, uti n en efr present and I r eiptofrataii *• iv-snctive siiooters. " Beautiful three-color Aluminum H anger will be forwarded for io cents in stamps. J. Stevens Arms & Tool Co., P. O. Box 4096 V CHICOPEE FALLS, MASS., U S. A. The Catoctin clarion. ^ 1 , R * W Bethlehem’s plain there shone a star ' j y aThat guided wise men from afar, \x' / / To*see the child in manger lain, j:'k Immanuel Jesus is his name; Tj 7 The Prince of Peace has come to dwell /k I, \ v \/V Hosanna! Shout! Immanuel s' ' / 1\ \ /I HE long expected, promised Lord j 1 'y if**’ * S orn oc * ay ’ Kings adored. 7 1 lj While to the world God doth proclaim /j A 1 // He comes, and Counselor is his name, 1 cl The mighty God on earth to dwell 1 /\S Rejoice! Rejoice! Immanuel 1 v A ) noflE comes to man by lowly birth, 1 | To spread salvation through the earth. 1 I From everlasting, he’s the same, I J 1 Our God and Wonderful his name. J V ii '■ j King David’s seed in man to dwell Rejoice! Rejoice! Immanuel on earth, y\ y X';.- ; I-/ Sing of free salvation’s plan; rtk . -'fVV‘\ With angels ioin in the refrain, S ) singly tngi ) mo./\ Santa’s Secret PJfiShf I—I'VE >fot out of bed, Just a 'Jfij minute. To tell you—l’ll whisper It low- I'he slockiiißs I’ve hung by the lire Are for me--not mamma, you know. For mine are so awfully little, Di al Santa Claus, don’t you see? Anil 1 want, oh, so many playthings. They won’t hold enough for me. So I want you to remember And fill these as full as you can, Cause I haven’t been very naughty. And you’ve been such a nice, kind man. I’d like a live doll, If you please, sir. That can talk and call me "mamma.’’ Not one that is full of old sawdust, As all mj other dolls are. Short But Useful. The Christmas tree does not live long, but its short lite Is a useful and beautiful one. ■ THITRMONT FREDERICK COUNTV, MD., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1915. I Holly Scratches | i; By HARVEY PEAKE NEVER look a gift in the cost mark. 1 All that glitters is not diamonds Mistletoe makes the heart grow 11 tender, ; The gift deferred maketh the heart ; ; i sick. Belief in Santa Claus is the best ; | ’ policy. ; It is a wise merchant who knows his ; j’ own goods when they are brought '! back fur exchange. ' ; To give hideous gilts is human, to ; <! fi rgive impossible. I ; Gifts make the man, the want of i! them the fellow. 11 One Christmas bargain makes the ; ; whole of womankind spin. ;' Christmas bills are stubborn things. ! Santa Claus is not as red as he is ]; painted. | 1; Buy gifts in haste and repent at !; ;; leisure. ] !; Uneasy lies the head that’s trying to \ i make twenty dollars buy forty ; gifts ;j ; And thereby hangs a stocking. \ Every Christmas tree must stand on |; its own bottom. \ \ ! Gifts are seldom what they seem. The Christmas About a hundred years ago the first Christmas cards were used. These were printed in London and consisted of a visiting card with the words, “A Merry Christmas, ’ printed on it. Later the cards were made with a lit tle scenery on them and a picture of the robin. This bird was used be cause he is called the English Christ mas bird, and also "The Savior’s Bird" on account of the old legend regard ing its red breast. From this time on the cards became more numerous and of more varied kinds. £ ttftirtrirtr'trCrti'trtrtrb'b'trtr-b A little knowledge la a danger- A 4 ous thing, especially on Christ- x A mas eve, when a kid discovers !} ‘f his father acting the part of ‘X A Santa Claus. $ A Family Newspaper-Independent in Politics-Devoted to Literature, Local and General News. Old Santa’s I j Christmas List j | Bv De LYSLE FERREE CASS |! The reindeer are harnessed and ready For their Christmas eve drive through the sky; They whinny and stamp; sleigh bells Jingle, And eld Santa Claus’ sledge Is piled high With an abundance, of toys, books and goodies For all good little boys and girls; Banta'll till up the stockings while the clock Is tlck-tocklng, And the snow flakes drift down In whirls. He’ll slide down the chimney as usual— Fat, jolly, red-faced, full of glee lie’s been keeping tab on each one of you; In the picture he’s looking to see Which kiddies have minded their parents, .Which youngsters have done as they ought; If you have been good and done as you should, Old Santa’ll bring you a lot. See! He’s looking his list of names over, Yes, and scratching the naughty ones out; If Freddie had minded his mamma Today he’d never need doubt That Santa would till up his stocking; And If Malzle hadn’t been bad. That vellow-haired dolllo that’s going to Molly Is one present she might have had. For Molly behaved herself nicely. She doesn’t grumble, tell fibs or b mean; So her papa has written to Santa Telling what a good girl she's been, Then there's Tommy’s name on the pa per: A real boy, but never sauces nor swears. Nor is cruel to kittles. It’s a thousand pities That Freddie's mother had as few cares. Now there's the names of Mildred and Jessie, Of Margaret, Julia and Kate— When they go out to play and hear moth er say, ‘‘Home early,” they never are late. Next comes Bobble, that jolly young ras cal! And Henry—the boys call him “Hcn!”- Thcre's a red sled for Bob, and tor Henry a Job Playing war with his tin soldier men. Pick will wake up to find a new tool set; Phil will get those shining new skates; Joe’s football outfit sure will please him: He can now go and play with his mates. Bert likes story books and he’ll get some; A hobby horse Harry will please: Yes, each little tike will get what he likes— Their good traits old Santa Claus sees. As he cons the long list o’er and o'er, Ixtok! he's smiling to think of the Joy, That when Christmas bells ring, each holiday thing Will bring to each good girl and boy. Remember, you little folks, always. That obedience, kindness, good cheer Are the things mamma wants and are sure to enn,enco You In Santa Claus’ favor. Oh, hear How the slcighbells are Jingling and tin kling, How the reindeer are prancing to go Skimming along o’er the housetops, Unmindful of cold. Ice or snow. Santa's pack is crammed to o'erflowlng; Is your name on his visiting list? Now In bed abide; down the chimney he’ll slide. If you’re good, your house won’t be missed. Prepared. “I’m going to have a fine time at Christmas,” said one young miss to another. “Mr. Huggins is coming to our party, and he is color-blind, you know.” “Does his color-blindness add to your enjpyment?’’ asked her friend. “Rather!" was the reply. “He thinks all the holly-berries are mistle toe ! ” Had One Already. “I don’t know what to give Lizzie for a Christmas present,” one chorus girl is reported to have said to her mate, while discussing the gift to bo made to a third. "Give her a book,” suggested the other. And the first one replied, meditative ly; "No, that won’t do; she’s got a book.” Crowned on Christmas. William the Conqueror was crowned on a Christmas da/. imijproE Christmas Greens Harvested With Aid of Guns. But It Is Better to Climb for It as Seekers Have Learned—Open Season Begins Early in December. hunter took deliberate aim and fired into the higli gtNawgai er branches of a swamp elm. Only a bunch of foliage, e it from its supporting bough by the charge of bird shot, fell a yard or so away. “Missed him?” was the half queried comment of a “tenderfoot” who hud strained Ills eyes in vain to see the object of the shot. “Missed nothing,” came the rejoin der. “Sheetin' greens,” he added byway of explanation. Ho picked up the clump of loaves flecked with waxen berries and threw into a gunny sack throe or four pounds o? mistletoe, the reward of his marksmanship. The open season for mistletoe be gins early in December, according to the Kansas City Star, and continues until only a day or so before Christ mas, or, in the loan years, until the crop is exhausted. The old method of "shooting” mistletoe has been in largo part displaced, however, by agile boys who earn men’s wages by climbing for the crop and carrying it to the ground In sacks slung from their shoulders. That preserves the foliage beauty by leaving the berries Intact. When the boughs arc "harvested” by the shot gun method the charge jars many of the globules from their tiny stems and the fall to earth but adds to the havoc. Mistletoe Jobbers are growing more discriminating and pay top prices for well-preserved greens only, the market varying day by day according to the quantity offered. The true mistletoe Is a European evergreen, but its American cousin resembles it so closely as to bailie all but botanists. The leaves are of the same yellowish green and the blos soms. alike In color, give way in turn to the wax-liko berries. Both are parasites, growing on tho boughs of deciduous trees. Apple trees, poplars, maples and elms seem to best support the vege table barnacle. But it sometimes is found growing in tho oaks and other forest varieties. Along tho Pacific const it frequently Is taken from oak trees, although the yield in that re gion is not prollfle. The mistletoe played a conspicuous part in mythology. It is symbolical of the spear with which Hotherus took tho life of Balder, the white sungod of summer, who shall bo resurrected at Rnganarok, twilight of tho gods and doomsday of tho world, so runs the old Norse legend. Among tho Druids and the Celts th mistletoe found growing upon an oak was believed to possess powers 01 healing for many ills as well as being potent for tho working of magic charms. Small bits of berries were brewed into love philters for prejudic ing the passions. To the esteem in which the mlstlo toe was held is directly traceable s certain old English custom which sur | vives today. At the Christmas tide i every ardent swain who 'noath Its I shadow levies tribute of a kiss and each half-resisting maid who pays may know their hearts only bow tc rites centuries old and born when Yulo logs flickered through candle lighted halls on wintry nights; when fairies ruled: when imagery held sway; when mountain gods gave curse or blessing and tribute to the mistle toe was a sacrament. THOUGHTS OF CHRISTMAS, They were married at the beginning of December, and the 25th was ap- i preaching. “You know, little wife,” he said one ! evening, “we mustn’t have any secrets from each other, must we, sweet one?” j “No darling,” she whispered. “So,” he continued, “I want you to tell mo how much you intend spend ing on a Christmas present for mo, so that I can calculate how much money 1 shall have left to buy one for you.” One Popular Fat Man. It Is said that nobody loves a fat man, but children at this time ot tho year are deeply in love with a stout, elderly person with white whiskers , and a pack on his back. f/:. > Scarcity If y of Gifts d MM\ Because k 7CAUSB of the Euro j peau war there naa aeu c °nsiderable com- I S meat to the effect that Ife' there will be a dearth JWJfZ'ny Christmas toys this year, since the toy fy/iPr aourecs ot Prauce and Germany will not be A[ j' available to American ehililreii. French dolls v.—S' have been the standard V Ijkh) dhrlng at least two gen •.>W! r erations, and Nurem berg, Germany, la famed throughout the world as a toy center. It must not bo supposed, however, that little girls will have to go with out dolls this year. Several manu facturers in the Lulled States are turning oel dolls by tho thousands and they a o of the very best type. One la; :o factory in Philadelphia is making, under special processes, a type of Indestructible doll from bass wood, which is a light and easily worked material and 1s not likely to split or break. Those who have made a study of this manufacture, in con nection with the study of the wood-us ing industries ot the state of Pennsyl vania, predict that dolls of the type made by this and other similar fac tories can gain lirst place for America in this branch of manufacture. Thus, , I •. a- < *y wtty-- #•• ♦-.•t- .' s Painting the Features. the new trade slogan, “Made In the U. S. A.,” will have a direct bearing in shifting the center of doll manufac ture from Europe to America. The following toys aro now made In this country from American woods: Toy animals, blocks, cannon and forts, children’s chair, circus sets, dolls, doll furniture, games, Christmas tree hold ers, swing Jumpers, children’s pianos, pastry sets, babies’ play yards, toy shooting galleries, hobby horses, pop guns, toy wagons, toy autos and wheel barrows. Basswood is the principal material for wooden toys and for wooden parts of metal toys. The bass wood doll, in particular, is unique and ingenious. All parts of it are made of wood and aro artistically carved and enameled in color. It is difficult to tell that it is made of wood when it is finished. The various parts of the body are joined with steel bands which not only give great flexibility and free dom of movement, but together with the wood make the doll practically in destructible. Next to basswood, sugar maple, beech, birch and white pine are the principal woods used for toys, al though elm, oak, chestnut, ash, yel low poplar and others enter into toy manufacture. Pennsylvania, which stands first among the states in toy manufacture, alone uses the equivalent of nearly 6,500,000 board feet of tim ber for toys, with a total value of $182,000 each year. The total amount of wood used annually in the United States for toy manufacture is nearly 29,000,000 feet, and the principal toy manufacturing states after Pennsyl vania are, in order, Wisconsin. Maine. Michigan, New York, Ohio, Vermont, Massachusetts and New Hampshire. Basswood is the favorite for such toys as toy animals, boats, dolls, circus sots and children’s pianos. Blocks and dolls’ furniture and toy vehicles are generally made of white pine. Stick horses, with a horse’s head and a stick to ride upon, a more pretentious variation of the old-fashioned broom horse, are likely to be made of white pine, although the stick head may be. Terms SI.OO in Advance NO. 41. made of different material. Hocking horses are usually made of while ash. In the native forests, basswood oc curs sparingly and very seldom in groups or in solid stands. In the lako states la particular it is sawed inci dentally with other timber, but the logs are usually kept separate and generally sawed In accordance with standing orders from special Indus tries. it is utilized for many other products besides toys, because it has qualities which fit it for a wide range of uses. It Is one of the softest of the so-called hardwoods, it lacks taste and odor, is very easily worked, does not v arp or check badly, is tough and takes paint very well. It is one of the woods preferred for boxes to con tain food products likely to bo con taminated by the tastes or odors which might tie derived from other woods. For :he same reasons it finds consid erable use in the manufacture at kitchen woodenware. It is in some demand as a material for house finish and a great deal of it goes into the ms seen parts of furniture and musical Instruments. Other important uses are for trunks, picture frames and ex celsior. In farmers' woodlots, in particular, It is a tree which should be favored, because it is a fairly rapid grower, la free from defects, and is usually i salable. In selling this tree from a woodlot, the department of agriculture advises that it should bo held for spe cial prices and not sold in a lump with i others. Basswood has several advantages as a standing tree in the woodlot. In the first place, its blossoms furnish a considerable source of honey which is , always in g lod demand, and when the tree is cut it readily regenerates itself 1 from sprouts, the best of which should in reproducing the stand. Our Christmas Customs. Most of the Christmas customs in America have been transplanted from Europe: Our Christmas tree comes from Germany, our Santa Claus from Holland, the Christmas stocking from Belgium or Franco, while “Merry Christmas” was the old English greet ing shouted from window to street on Christmas morning. The Optimistic Note. It Is a time for joy and gladness and good cheer, for this old world, with al! its faults. Is on its way to wards the kingdom of heaven, and the omnipotence of love assures its get ting there. Some time every day will he the beat of Christmas, every place, its altar of observance, and every soul bo transformed Into the Christ of his environment. —Universallst Leader. Y Remember the days when you $ were little, and plan your i£ i Christmas accordingly. 1