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Catoctin clarion. [volume] (Mechanicstown, Md.) 1871-1940, April 27, 1916, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026688/1916-04-27/ed-1/seq-4/

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Custom Among More Advanced Dairy
men of Denmark —Practice Pre
vents Congestion of Udder.
What are our dairy cows for? Do
we keep them as lawn ornaments, or
as a source of milk supply? Shall tho
dairyman drive his cows from door to
door, as dairy cows and goals are
driven in some countries, milking as
much and as often as his patronage
demands as long as his supply holds
out, or shall he use more improved
methods? Shall he milk once a day,
as was the practice some hundreds of
years ago, and is yet the custom in
some places, or shall he milk three
times, as is the custom among tho
more advanced dairymen in Den
mark? Shall the cow be given the op-
Holstein-Friesian Heifer.
portunity to show her capacity by the
removal of her milk product as often
as seems necessary, or shall we dry
her down to suit our convenience in
As our population and the cost of
food products increases, milk as one
of the most valuable of food products
will also increase in price, and in the
near future it will he as customary
for dairymen to milk cows three times
a day during I lie earlier portion of
the lactation period as it is now to
milk hut twice. Indeed, owing to the
wonderful milk-producing qualities of
Holstein-Friesian cows, in order to
avoid congestion of tho udder it is the
common practice among those having
the better cows to milk three times
daily for many weeks after freshen
Expert of Missouri Agricultural Col
lege Says 25 Per Cent More
Cream Secured From Milk.
"The farmer who uses a cream sep
arator obtains as much milk from four j
cows as is obtained from five cows j
where cream is raised in a pan ” says j
C. H Eckles of the Missouri College I
of Agriculture. The separator method j
gets '-•< per cent more cream from the
milk and this will pay for a separator
in a year in a dairy herd of ten or I
more cows. As the cream is separated I
while fresh and sweet, ripening can be j
controlled and butter of much better j
grade can be secured than if tho |
cream is raised by gravity. The use j
of a separator lightens the work for j
the housewife. The machine is kept
in a small room adjoining tire barn and
only the separator parts are brought
from the house. These, instead of nu
merous pans and crocks, are returned
to the kitchen for washing after tho
fresh skim milk has been fed to the
calves and pigs.
A well-made separator wdll lust for
years, in spite of the fact that it is put 1
into service twice a day. The separa
tor should run from four to six years j
without repairs, if reasonable care la
Practice of Watering Herd But Once
Daily Is Not to Be Recommended
—Three Times Is Better.
It is a mistake to he satisfied with !
watering the herd but once a day. If
they can be induced to drink twice or j
three times a day, it should be done, j
Cows need much water.
It has been found that the average
milch cow requires about 81 pounds
of water a day while in milk (nearly
ten gallons), and about 54 pounds
while dry. Of this, the cow in milk
takes rather more than two-thirds
(say seven gallons) as drink, and the
rest in her food, while the dry cow
takes rather less than two-thirds as
drink, and a little more than one-third
in the food.
Rub Affected Parts Daily With Castor
Oil or Goose Grease—Cut Off
the Large Ones.
Warts on a cow's teats will disap- j
pear after a time if the affected parts j
are rubbed once or twice daily with j
best castor oil or fresh goose grease, j
A In’ge wart, having a narrow base, I
should be snipped off with scissors,
and (lie bleeding stopped by applying
powder or solution.
If it starts to grow again, cauterize
the part with lunar caustic pencil.
City Men Better Developed.
City men are better developed than
country men, according to the report
of a German army surgeon, who bases
his statement on the result of the ex
amlnation of 10,000 soldiers. He says
the farmers wore inferior In carriage
and In development of bone and mus
cle, and that he found among them
more cases of curvature of the spine,
flat-foot varicose veins than
among the city men.
One Reason Which Contributes to
Trouble More Than Any Other Is
Breedinj Young Sows.
"Can you toll me why my brood
sows only bring between three and six
pigs per litter?"
Replying to this question Prof. G.
W. Barnes, live slock special', t of the
University of Arizona agricultural ex
tension service, says:
“If you have studied hog conditions
in tho United States you will find that
about four pigs per litter is tho aver
age; and 1 can point to you nun in
Arizona who are actually raising for
market two and three pigs to the lit-
Well-Developed Sow With Profitable
ter, yet (lie cost of maintenance ol
the brood sow is practically tne same
whether she brings two pigs or tea
pigs per litter, which means that tho
farmers are losing a large percentage
of profit by keeping such brood sows
iu their herds.
"There are several reasons way
brood sows bring small litters, and 1
firmly believe that the one which con
tributes to the trouble more than any
other is the practice of breeding sows
too young. It is no uncommon thing
i.o find sows weighing less than one
hundred pounds with pigs. Usually
you find them with only two pigs. T he
young sows which you intend to keep
for brood sows should never he bred
under nine months of age. and it is
much better to wait until they are
twelve or fourteen months old Then
If they are not full developed, wait a
few months longer. Your brood sow
is good for six or eight years, and, if
by waiting a few months in the be
ginning before starting her on her life
work, you can increase the size of her
Utters, you have certainly made good
wages for those months. Another
tiling which contributes to no slight
extent to cause small litters is the
[ lack of exercise.
Comfortable Shed Facing South Af
fords Ample Protection for Ani
mals During Winter Season.
A roomy shed facing the south, with
j a hard, dry earth door, makes the
j best shelter for sheep. Feed in racks
! and troughs; what straw is not eaten
I should be used for bedding. The
I manure should not accumulate as it
will produce footrot and oilier ail
ments. A small quantity of flaxseed
meal may be added to the grain ra
tion. Second-crop clover, bright
corn fodder, wheat and oat straw may
be fed to advantage.
Ensilage is growing in favor as a
sheep food. The Wool Markets and
; Sheep Reporter says: “As sheep ho
| come extremely fond of ensilage, It is
necessary to feed small quantities of
[ It at tho start, that they do not over
eat. Within a few weeks, however,
I they may safely he given all they will
i eat at each meal. Ensilage Is found
to successfully take the place of roots,
though care should be taken tfiat it is
properly prejiaml. It is even better
In winter time than green corn is in
summer, because tho animals will eat
stalks and leaves up clean, and the
customary waste in stalks Is saved.”
A practical sheep farmer says:
j “Sour ensilage made from Immature
corn is not a safe food, as it is liable
to cause indigestion and stomach trou
! hies. Sweet ensilage, fed In small
1 quantities, in connection with oat and
wheat straw, and mixed hay. makes
an excellent feed. Tho flock master
must use Judgment in feeding bis
Solid Corner Secured by Filling In
Around Post With Concrete—
Animals Cannot Get Out,
To build a good hog fence first get
j a solid corner. 1 dig holes for the
| corner posts three and a half feet
I deep and eighteen inches across, I
j fill up around the post with concrete,
j five parts sand to one part cement, to
j three inches above ground so that wa
| ter will drain off. A good height for
j the fence is the 30-inch with mesh at
| the bottom that makes them pig-tight.
| If a pig is kept in while he is grow
j Ing he will not give any trouble when
j grown, provided there is enough to
Boiled Potatoes for Pigs.
If potatoes are not worth more
than thirty-five cents a bushel in your
part of the country, boil them and
feed them to the pigs. Every bushel
is worth at least that price for the
Best Profits in Pigs.
Early pigs make tho best profits, but
don't overlook tho cold spring winds
when figuring out your bank balance
for next fall. Keep track of the sows
so you will be able to care for the lit
tle pigs at the right time.
Slim Economy to Permit Animals to
Fall Off in Flesh—Oats and
Corn Are Best Grains.
It Is poor economy to let the horses
fall off in Bosh by reducing the grain.
Horses cannot bo kept in good order
on straw and a poor quality of hay.
They need a little grain, even If they
are idle. To have the horses strong
for spring plowing, harrowing and
other heavy and exhaustive work,
they must ho kept thrifty and in good
flesh ail through the winter. Oats
and corn and bran are the best grains.
If there is no steady work, take off
Splendid Type for Farm.
the shoes and give them daily ex
ercise in the yard every suitable day.
A grass pasture adjoining the sta
bles is a great convenience. The
stock may he turned in when the sod
is dry and the weather suitable; they
will get the exercise they need and
will keep warm by grazing. Most
stockmen provide winter as well as
summer pasture for their stock,
The driving horses, If used on icy
roads, should have shoes sharpened.
It is dangerous to drive a smooth
horse when tho road is ley. The wear
and tear of the nervous strain takes
too much out of a horse, if nothing
more serious happens.
Chain overshoes can he had at the
agricultural stores. Keep a pair on
hand to use In case of a sudden
Give the horses Judicious feed, dally
exercise and good grooming. When
this is done the horse’s usefulness
may ho extended for a number of
Pests May Be Combatted by Pasture
Rotation, Combined With Drugs
Injurious to Insects.
The stomach worm is the worst
pest affecting sheep. Ha mbs are more
susceptible than older sheep, prob
ably because the older sheep are ac
customed to the presence of tho worm.
In tho spring, soon after lambing, tho
old sheep should each receive a dose
of one or two ounces of gasoline, fol
lowed by a small dose of epsora salts.
After a day or two they should be
placed in a worm-free pasture, If pos
In July treat the whole herd, includ
ing the lambs, with gasoline, and turn
them into new pasture, and repeat tho
process in November. Pasture rota
tion, combined with drugs that are in
jurious to the worm, is a practical
method of successfully combating this
Frequently Serious Pest on Stock in
Winter—Any of Various Dips
Are Quite Effective.
Lice on cattle and young stock are
frequently a serious pest in winter.
Any of the various dips advertised or
sold for this purpose are effective.
They can bo put on with a sponge or
brush and worked in thoroughly to
the skin, but it is not always safe to
wet an animal all over in cold weath
Kerosene and lard rubbed in from
horns to tho tail is a safe and sure
remedy. An even hotter one is to use
powdered sulphur. Kuh it in well with
tho hand and repeat in two weeks.
There is no danger from using this.
Weeds take out of the soil plant food
which should be utilized by the desired
crop. Everyone knows, also, that a
good, clean, well cultivated garden
with straight rows has a much better
appearance than a garden full ot
weeds. Sometimes the ground between
the rows of certain vegetables is
mulched with etrx v, strawy manure
or sawdust to prevent the evaporailon
of moisture and keep down weeds.
Children Cry
Maryland Agricultural College Exten
sion Service.
Now that the dormant season spray
ing is over, orchardlsta must prepare
for the control of the Codling Moth,
which causes wormy apples, by treat
ing their apple trees Just as the blos
soms fall.
The Codling Moth passes through
the winter as a full grown larva in a
small, white cocoon beneath or In
crevices of the bark. About the time
that apples bloom, the larva trans
forms to the pupa, from which the
moth emerges.
The female lays from 50 to 60 eggs,
mostly upon the foliage. The eggs
hatch In from five to ten days, de
pending upon the season and tempera
ture. The young larva usually feeds
a little on the tender parts of the
leaves before It crawls to the nearest
young apple, which It attacks by en
tering (lie calyx cup. Some will enter
(lie stem end or on the side. The
larva continues to feed Into the young
fruit, its work being indicated by the
well known excreta thrown out from
the calyx, showing the worminess of
tlie apple. Tile larva reaches maturity
in from three to four weeks and eats
its way out usually through the side
of the apple, and seeks a secluded
spot, where it spins its cocoon for
transforming to the adult. In this
region there is a partial second brood
occurring about July Ist.
Controlling The Moth,
The Codling Moth is controlled by
spraying with an arsenical such as
Arsenate of Lend, Haris Green, etc.
Usually a combination spray is ap
plied, using concentrated lime-sulphur
solution, diluted at the rate of one and
Due-half gallons to a barrel of water
for diseases, to which is added the
arsenical—two pounds. Paste Arsenate
of Lead, or about one-third pound
Haris Green. Most growers use Ar
senate of Lead. If the powdered Ar
senate of Lead Is used—one pound to
.he barrel is sufficient.
Many commercial Arms are selling
Arsenate of Lime in place of Arsen
ate of Lead. Tills is a little cheaper
and there is no reason why it should
not be equally as effective on apple,
imt should not be used on peach and
inilai>teiuli i- foliage plants.
Apply Properly.
It is very important In spraying for
the Codling Moth that the work be
thorough, and that the spray be ap
plied with good power. Power spray
ers are, of course, most desirable for
tills as well as other spraying. The
foliage should be covered with the
spray and special effort made to lodge
the solution in the calyx cup of the
Through extended tests it has been
found that the Codling Moth can be
usually controlled with one thorough
spray applied just before the calyx
cup closes, or as the blossoms fall.
With the high cost of arsenlcals
this season, we would recommend one
spraying for this pest tills season. Uf
course, it may be necessary to spray
later on for the control of some dis
eases, such as Bitter Rot.
The above treatment for Codling
Moth should also suffice to prevent
Injury from the Curcullo on Apple.
Maryland Agricultural College.
The pea and melon lice are the most
serious aphids with which the trucker
has to deal. Pea lice live for approxi
mately eight months of the year on
clover, preferably on crimson clover,
hence the first measure against the
pea louse should lie to remove the
pea field as fur from clover as prac
tical or if It Is necessary that both be
close together, the clover should be
turned under early in the spring.
Careful watch should be made in
April for the first aphids, which are
light green and about one-eighth of
an inch long, and spraying should
take place immediately after they are
first observed.
A tractor sprayer with nozzles so
arranged as to direct the spray over
the top and both sides is the'best ma
chine to use. Four rows can be
sprayed at once with such a machine.
Use "Black Leaf 40,” 1 to 640 parts
of water or 10 ounces to 50 gallons—
plus 4 pounds of fish oil soap. Using
75 gallons per acre, one application
will cost approximately $2.80 per acre,
including labor of two men, team and
materials. The same mixture Is ef
fective on the melon aphis, a small
black aphis, hut the cost will be high
er as the vines must be turned over
and back again, since the aphis clus
ter on the under side of the leaves.
Duck Flew Away From War Zone.
During the first week of December
a hunter, several miles east of Henry
etta, Okla., shot and killed a Harle
quin duck, a rare species In this part
of the Southwest. Attracted by the
bird's beauty of plumage and mark
ings. the hunter carefully scrutinized
bis trophy, on one leg of which he
found a metal band marked "24 Ber
lin Zoo." The duck was mounted by
a Guthrie taxidermist, and is now the
property of Mr. Walter Wilson of the
First National bank of Henryetta. The
probable route of migration of this
duck is regarded as of interest to or
nithologists. Crossing the northern
Atlantic in its flight from Germany,
the duck reached the shores of Amer
ica, and then proceeded far inland on
its southward flight. Naturally, the
noise and disturbance of war In Eu
rope is attributed as a possible reason
for the duck's long journey to a new
land. It is hardly thought that the
voyager came across Asia byway of
Bering sea.
Great Metropolis of New York Worthy
Admiration Accorded It by All
New York, ns the Incoming foreign
er, full of prejudice, or doubt, or hope,
and the returning American, crammed
with guide book and catalogue culture,
see It, or might see It, rises a vision,
a mirage of the lower bay, the color
by day more shimmering that Venice,
by night more magnillcent than Lon
In the morning the mountains of
buildings hide themselves, to reveal
themselves In the rosy steam clouds
that chase each other across their
hanks. When evening fades they are
mighty cliffs glimmering with glisten
ing lights In the magic and mystery of
the night. As the steamer moves up
the buy on the left the Great God
dess greets you, a composition in color
and form with the city beyond, finer
than any In any world that ever ex
isted. finer than Claude ever imagined,
or Turner ever dreamed. Why did
not Whistler see it?
Piling up higher and higher right
before you is New York. And what
does it remind you of? San Gimigna
no of the beautiful towers away off in
Tuscany, only here are not eleven, but
eleven limes eleven; not low, mean
brick piles, but noble palaces crowned
with gold, with green, with rose; and
over them the waving, fluttering plume
of steam, the emblem of New York. To
the right, filmy and lacelike by day.
are the great bridges; by night a pat
tern of stars that Hiroshige never
You land in streets that are Flor
ence glorified. You emerge In squares
more noble than Seville, Golden stat
ues are about you, triumphal arches
make splendid frames for endless
vistas; and it is ail new and un
touched, all to be done, and save for
the work of a few of us, and we are
Americans, all undone.
The Unbelievable City, the city that
has been built since 1 grew up, the
city beautiful, built by men 1 know,
built for people 1 know. The city that
inspires me, that I love. And ail Amer
ica is like this, and—dll—or nearly all.
unseen, unknown, untouched. —Joseph
Pennell, in Scribner's Magazine.
Some Things About Their Planting
and Care That the Amateur Gar
dener Must Remember.
Peas naturally require cool weather
and are likely to do badly if planted
after weather gets hot. They are
about tire first seeds to go Into the
One peculiarity of peas is that they
require to ho planted quite deep to do
best. How far apart to run the rows
depends on the kind of peas being
grown. If the low growing varieties
are to be grown they may be planted
in rows not more than fifteen inches
apart. The taller varieties may need
to be planted thirty Inches apart. The
low-grow ing varieties have never given
the writer satisfaction and he will
grow them no more. The medium
sized vines will produce more peas
and continue to produce longer, but
they have to be "brushed,” that Is
sustained with brush.
In buying peas to grow for the use
of the family do not select small ones
like the Alaska. This variety Is a
great one for the canneries, for they
cater to the hotel and restaurant
trade, which demand small peas, as
they make a better show.
Bungalow Not Always Cheapest Form.
Contrary to the general Impression,
a bungalow is not the cheapest form
of house construction. Comfortable
and attractive these dwellings un
doubtedly are, when built under favor
able conditions, but cheap? No! Quite
the reverse.
For to be entirely successful a bun
galow must be low and rambling, cov
ering a considerable plot of land and
with plenty of ground on all sides.
This necessitates a large building site,
and a greater amount of cellar and
roof than is required in the cottage
type of house.
On small lots, tightly crowded Into
rows, bungalows become merely one
story flat buildings, and as such are
most uninteresting.
Advertising German Cities.
German cities have hit upon a new
scheme for advertising themselves, it
is in the form of a brief description of
the city on the back of a regular mail
ing envelope. Harry G. Seltzer, Ameri
can consul at HresJau, Germany, re
cently sent a sample to the bureau of
foreign and domestic commerce at
Publicity Avoided.
"So you have figured in another au
tomobile accident ?”
"Yes, but it wasn’t very serious this
"Why, I hoard your car was com
pletely wrecked and two young wom
en In the party suffered Injuries.”
"Oil, yes. That's true, but we man
aged to keep (he story out of the
Fill Up Mud Hole*.
Do away witli a!I the mud holes,
Nothing thrives in them, not even the
C Idren Cry
|p| i For Infants and Children.
HB9SS Mothers Know That
M Bggaa Genuine Castoria
Mil AVcgelable Prcparalion forAs- A1 WAVS # *
Ifeafi similaiingihcFoodandßptjula J /.y \ m
ll Beafs tte /xy
m giffnature //V
|{PI : Promotes Digestion,Chmful- OlgUdbUlO # W m
!fe Q ? ness and Resl.Cnutalns neither #l\ \JJ
■ r oos ' Opium.Morphine nor Mineral I 01 fi Vi i r
5 :!|| Not j U1 OWT
Sjjjjjj , StciftofOUDr&WEimm \AM
m\ Bmipkin SteJ- t I J 1
jUx.Sama* J 1A -
ill MM/eMs- I |Q _ I
Wwfi'iVi AuseSnd* I
XA's*. ] 4/1* ■>>
ST, IHrmStfJ- I It \J I
)_ yA J II Q Q
tfft£.SiO Aperfpcl Remedy for Consllpa f\J At* UvG
Sf & tion, Sour Sto mac h. D lar rlioca f I If
Worras,Couvulsions.rcvcrish I 1W p A
|Sp ness and Loss OF Sleep. V M tfjr IJ U0 Y
Facsimile Signature of
fe Thirty Years
Instead ofWooisbis£Ms crjlste
jof mat 8
I’.ry v.’cn’t burn, crac!;, curl or ret
I.c \ .! ;’.inp,les, nor have they the
3 vc i, bi < r brittleness of stone slate;
besides they are inexpensive n.vl 1,, b better than either.
Per Sola Ly
G. L. Winebrenner,
McCeH’s Magazine
aau r alt eras
Far Women
Hfivo th- .1 any ot’-cr
magazine r - it Mi Call's is the
■die I • •,..• i{■ e in
' one in.!, oil i ; i;imlri.■ tbous and
he:;; ;! ■ :.'.i ila latest
desig iso 1 M i . -;■ . i >■., iv.i ii i sue
i.s i r ti:i ! s ; m-o.i st nes |
and lu ;■!■..! .’Mr women.
Suit Mr. f,| '■ o Si' !e 1 subscriWnf'
It M.:l ■ ■ 1 ■■ • • ’■ O' ly 5"
f**iv- .i . i • .. j v oi.w ol the cc ebrateu
MtUil i'.U.n:s lice.
McCall I.itorr. ?/•• I all others in style, fit,
•impl tv, i■ ii'i'.mv i number fold. More
dca !u . . 1 Ma'. I’*-,- -*l! n any other two
make ghei ilatl 15 cents, Huy
lr ;u your deu.cr, or I y man troni
236-246 W. 371h St., New York City
N T— '•mpU Ci j>y, I'nu aiii (’ •••! ru aa I I'atiern CftU ufu fr**. ,
What They Will Do lor You
They will cure your backache,
strengthen your kidneys, cor
rect urinary irregularities, build
up the worn out tissues, And
eliminate the excess uric, acid
that causes rheumatism. Pre
vent Bright’s Disease and Dia-
and restore health and
•trength. Refuse substitutes.
If yon purchase the NEW HOME you will
have a life asset at the pi lee you pay, and will
Dot have an endless chain of repairs.
Ip , ’- • { Quality
II S I • Considered
" m *ke en< l
If you M’unt a sewing machine, v*rlte tot
oar latest catalogue before you purch.se.
Um New Home Sewing Machine Ce, Orange, Vasa.
Paper MEAT Sacks
An Mfemu' • u er-nl -kifper. In m-ist
If 1 1,.- -■ , i- 1 n ~n j*,ik
n M'liWca.
/tfSi LTr rfi**’- ’* ...
met *>: ' Wri.wwttMiujN,
Ci ;B ►
S / ■ 1/
- W /
If ' '
w\ ' /I
a* •
As soon ;i •t !• mrt Is HmoKed, In tht* o- •
S|• i■ .I■ f•.: ■I . ‘ V •! IslJ lHTfl} puts 111 r. .*p
penrance, j•; u* tr :he sack. follow!.1 ihf
>l',i}.l<- dim • 1.11. r1 o?i each otif, aoi
you an rus> h • ,1 I hi you will not be bothers*'
with worms in • at.
••■s’ P 'it t Sacks arc made from u
•pedal!; jif.-j 1 ■ . tough, pliable. Htronr. closo
Pea • . with our perfect ‘Tee. le***’
uo- ton; whJ !. 1 >i t RHii'i lUht, and with care
•ai i f iised r• . ral year* They are mode in
Lluvt■ sizes* ■ • - j in ui of meat, and sril at J, 4
And * cHitn 1 * *w to ize. The lare# r
? i t-iii ■*!/,♦ 1.-.; . bams and shoulders of hojjß
•i . lilii? (I.*. ee. . • fioin y> i> t W)0 pounds, *O
-ti le-vr rn*- tent is tr*.. ind; medium or 4
cei 1 size fro: . j'-* imi pouiati and small or I
fi*nr lz* fneii b v ■ ponnds.
A fair trip.' •* ' • id' ‘■•otiii’i every claim for mir.
m !:t'il vf ! -<- i>t where once fined tfe/ will
i.e a hoiivh. : ' 11 T*HHltr
A-k yojr . fi-ofti for thefii.
Pi ice H, 4 ami *• ■-ent • apiece, acconlinsf to stz*
Grf'Ht Pfg A Mfg i' f >
•U ‘sfti
•p-r. — ■" rr
Daily and Sunday
If A lire, independent news
paper, published every aft
'MT.oon I'dailv and Sunday).
If A To-vsptiper for the
liome—i'or the family cir
*fhnjoy? tlie confidence
and respect of its readers.
• Oaa ecu! everywhere.
Buy U from your local
j\e,ysda,!er or order
j by mail.
| One ipontlt $ .30
|i fei.v neijiths $1.75
f! One j r 3.50
i| she News
"5 MO.

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