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HISTORIC CITY OF THE EAST
Kashin Said ta Have Been Spot From Which the Three Wise Men Started to Bethlehem. The brief dispatch that the Russian* have taken Kaahan In Persia brings another romantic name Ihto the the ater of war operations. It Is almost a sacred name, as tradition says it was from Kaahan that the wise men started on their holy pilgrimage to Bethlehem so many Christmases ago. Every step taken both by the Rus sian and British expeditions in this corner of the world is In a country of Interesting history and tradition. The British, from a base on the supposed site of the Qarden of Eden, operated against Bagdad, the city of the Ara bian Nights, and the Russians in their advance on Kaahan recently took Ham ad an, the ancient Bcbatana, which contains, according to the Mohamme dans, the tombs of Esther and Mor decal. The belief that at Kashan the wise men of the East, first saw the star of Bethlehem has found support among learned Christian theologians. Bub however that may he, Kashan became a great city in ancient times, espe cially after it was rebuilt by Zobeldeh, wife of Haroun-el-Rascbld. It once bad 6,500 houses and 40 mosques, and was renowned for its silk weavers and brass workers. But civil wars, earth quakes and economic causes brought about Its decay. There is still seen the famous leaning minaret, 130 feet high, which once served as an oriental divorce court. Unfaithful wives were dragged up the spiral staircase to the top and shoved off. Four miles from Kashan are the re mains of the wonderful palace built by Shah Abbas, the greatest of the Per sian monarchs. The oasis constructed by the shah is still green, Its pavilions are gay with paintings and mosaics, and Its gardens full of roses, watered by streams that run through blue-tiled channels. In this palace a political tragedy was enacted in 1863. Mlrza Khan, prime minister and own brother in-law of the reigning shah, was con demned to deatb. He asked permis sion to commit suicide, and opened a vein In his arm in one of the ancient tiled bathrooms of the palace. The ruined palace, with its summer bouses amid trees and gardens, sur rounded by desert, is described as the most beautiful thing of Its kind In the near East. Kashan Is also famous for Its scor pions. which are said to be among the largest and most poisonous in the world. Through April Dusks. When April trips along the roau and twilight settles down, she passes lightly through the mist of springtime gray and brown. And as she goes along her way the stars peep out and glow, the muon smiles down with mer ry smile, a gleaming silver bow. And old folk, sitting in the dusk, lift up their weary eyes, and look along the springtime road with unconcealed sur prise. And, half uncertain, half sur prised, they bear the song of love, the song of youth and happiness, the songs from heaven above. And halt bewildered, half amazed, they know that through the land a train of lov ers softly walk together, hand in band. They know that farmers plant their crops, that mothers sit and sew; that robins build again their nests; that music, gentle, slow, is singing on the breeze of night; they know that flow ers spring upon the brown of well loved graves; that moss and Ivy cling with tender arms about the earth that guards each sleeping form; they know that resurrection comes and banishes the storm. —Margaret E. gangster, Jr., in the Christian Herald. "Goats” Often Become Leaders. 'One of the oldest active newspaper men In Philadelphia was telling me the other evening of the ancient days and how men might be misjudged. ‘T was city editor of an evening paper," said he, "and I bad six report ers on my staff. One day the pro prietor ordered a reduction la ex penses and I bad to dismiss one of my reporters. The lowest salaried man was getting $C a week, and so I fired him.” “Well, you didn’t save much by that,” I suggested. “Verily noP’ was his answer. ‘The lad 1 dismissed was William C. Relck, now publisher of the New York Bun. But it didn’t kill bis ambition, am you can see, to lose bis Job on my staff.” It has sometimes happened that the "goat" of his class at West Point has In after years led armies, while the "star” man remained a "coffee cooler” in Washington.—Girard in Philadel phia Ledger. Dog Thug Steals Gem, Junior, a real aristocrat among Bos ton bulldogs, went walking in Central park, togged out In a bejeweled collar and a plush robe. A half-hour later he returned to his owner, Mrs. K. D. Blavens, of St. Louis, at the Hotel Majestic, minus one diamond and with a nipped tail A mere mutt of a dog—one of those that play hide-and-seek with the squir rels and never wear a muzzle —saw Ju nior, and thinking he was some strange thing that the circus bad brought to town, started to investigate. Filled with resentment when be saw the degradation of one of bis own race, he challenged Junior’s right to wag a tall. There was a yip and a yelp, and then Junior’s man attendant scooped him up and carried him home. A vet erinarian was called and said the aris tocrat was not Injured except for a few teeth marks on his tall and a se vere shock. —Boston Herald. Most Lasting Wood. Practically all of the lock gates of the Bridgewater canal are made of greenbeart. For the last 60 years ail the dock gates In the Mersey harbor at Liverpool have been made of this wood, and when It has been found nec essary to remove any of these gates to widen or deepen the channel the wood has been found to be as good as when it was first used. In the Canada dock wood put down in 1866 was again used in the construction of new gates after 38 years’ use. ALFALFA OW MOST VALUEABLE HAY CROP Requires Good Sell For Successful Growth And A Well Prepared •eed Bed. NICHOLAS SCHMITZ Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station. No soil, regardless of type or loca tion In the state, will produce fair crops of alfalfa unless it la fertile; producing at least 40 to 50 bushels (or 10 barrels) of corn per acre In a normal season. No amount of fer tilizer applied either before or after seeding will make up for poor land at the start. Moreover, starting al falfa under such conditions is Indeed very expensive. If the land is poor It Is far better to wait a few years and grow fertllizlsg crops, such as cowpeas, crimson clover, soybeans and red clover In the rotation before each money crop. If manure Is available the more used the better. In fact, the supply of organic matter Is a very important factor in alfalfa production. It Is seldom that land very low in humus grows alfalfa successfully. Thus, the psoblem is one of supplying the proper amount of humus as well as supplying sufficient plant food. Alfalfa Requires Drainage. Drainage must be good. Alfalfa re- , quires much more complete drainage than do other farm crops. Land in clined to be wet and springy In win ter and early spring, although dry enough during the growing season to produce good crops of corp, wheats, oats and grass, Is not drained well enough for alfalfa. On such land al falfa Is sure to be killed out sooner | or later by heaving due to the fre- j queut freezing and thawing so com- I nion some seasons. Abundance Of Lime Needed. Liming for alfalfa Is absolutely nec essary of) practically all Maryland soils—even In the natural lime stone sections. It makes little OF no dif ference what kind of lime Is used If the proper amount of each Is applied— it is a question of coat and ease of handling rather than th# effect upon the alfalfa. The amount of lime to use under average conditions Is one ton per acre of Caustic lime, that Is burnt stone or lump lime, ground lime or burnt oyster shells. Hydrated lime should be used at the rate of 2,600 to 2,700 pounds, and ground llnve stone or ground oyster shells should be applied at the i rate of 3,600 pounds to 2 tons per acre. The best time to apply lime la the season before sowing the alfalfa. If. however, this Is not convenient or Impracticable, It may be applied Just before, or even after seeding, with the assurance of good results and no In jury. Well Prepared Seed Bed. Alfalfa requires more than any other farm crop, a thoroughly prepared seed bed for successful germination and early growth. Bowing alfalfa upon loose, freshly plowed land will, even under the most Ideal weather condi tions, result In little beyond dismal failure. An Ideal seed bed is one obtained by plowing the land In the fall, then In early spring harrowing It until the sur face is smooth and thoroughly pul verized to a depth of about 2 inches. Hence, where alfalfa follows small grain, a clover, or timothy sod, the land should be plowed as soon as pos sible after the crop has been removed, thus allowing plenty of time for at least one or two good soaking rains to settle the soli well before seeding time. It must be remembered that frequent surface workings between the time of plowing and seeding are absolutely necessary to conserve moisture, kill weeds, and properly pulverize the sur face. GET READY FOR MARYLAND WEEK. At the recent meeting of the Exec utive Committee of the Maryland Agrl cultural Society and affiliated organ izations, it was decided to hold the Maryland Week Exhibition this year from November 14 to 18. It Is urged by the committee that local granges and farmers’ clubs begin to plan at once for exhibits to the state show. It points out that members of such organizations have been In the past among the most active supporters of the show-. With the passing years this competition has grown steadily keen er and those organizations or Individ uals that win laurels at this year’s show should be hard at work plan alag for their part in the big affair. There Is no better way for the local grange or club to place Itself and Its neighborhood on the map than by win ning a high place in the club exhibit class. The members who immediately after harvest turn their earnest at tention to planning such an exhibit are laying the foundation for a fruit ful career ae the most uaefnl organtza tlon of their community. Neither should they attempt such an exhibit without first holding a local show for the benefit of their own neighborhood In this work the help of the County Demonstration Agent will be found of the greatest help. There Is no work In which he Is more anxious to suc ceed than In developing local spirit and pride In agricultural production. Orange Peel Oil Explosive. Everybody knows the flavor of or ange peel, but not everybody knows what causes that flavor. It Is due to the oil contained In little cells In the rind. If the peel Is bent so as to strain these oil-laden cells, the oil bursts out, often as a visible spray and usually perceptible to our sense of smell, and often as a greasy film on the fingers. The peel may be so bent aa to rupture a large number of these cells at one time, and to fill the air with an oily mist. If, at the moment of bending, a lighted match be ap plied by an assistant a decided explo sion will follow. This experiment is most successfully performed in a dark ened room or In a room wholly dark except for the light from the match.-* Popular Science Monthly, ADVANTAGES OF FRUIT CRATE Quickly Opened and Fruit Left Ex posed for Sale in Attractive and Pleasing Manner. The chief advantages claimed for this crate are that It can be quickly opened and that when opened It leaves the fruit exposed for sale in an at tractive manner. Th© chief feature is the slot near the top of the end pieces; Fpuit Crate. a slight prying motion with any suit able tool breaks the wood at the ©Mils of the slot and allows llio top to bo removed. The bottom and sides are stiff, but the top Is flexible. The fruit Is packed In the crate upside down, the bottom being the lust part closed. The cases are shipped on their sides to facilitate ventilation ami to prevent crushing down the flexible top.-Independent Farmer. OBJECT OF THINNING FRUIT Attention Is Called to Much Neglect ed Important Duty—lnclose Grapes In Paper Sacks. Thinning Is so much neglected, and yet so Important, that It is well to call attention to it. If one has any doubts upon this matter, let him lake two trees of the same variety of peach or pear, and from one remove half or t .roe-fourths of the fruit, and upon the other let all the fruit grow. When the fruit la ripe, market the crop of each tree, keeping a correct account of all the - expenses, ami see which tree has paid the must. One bushel of choice fruit, carefully | packed in clean half-bushel baskets, j will frequently sell for more than two : or even three bushels of ordinary ! fruit of the same kind. Pears, peaches j apples and grapes grown for the best ; markets should be thinned when fruit j Is one-third grown, the trees properly sprayed In season and the trees kept cultivated or mulched. For exhibition, remove fully half the | fruit from the trees, water freely in dry weather. Grapes should be in closed in paper sacks. TIME FOR PICKING BERRIES Small Fruits Are Unmarketable When Overripe—Gather When of Full Color and Flavor. Lfnlike some of the tree fruits, ber ries must not be picked when under ripe. They are unmarketable when overripe. Pick when of full color and flavor, yet linn. If gathering of the fruit takes place so that the vines are relieved of their ripe fruit In the cool of the day, leav ing the plants nothing to do but to rip en their remaining fruit when warmth and sunshine will hasten the process, the full crop will bo sooner brought to maturity. The berries are better for being gathered In the cool of the day, but when, as is often the case, they must ho gathered when warm from the sun. they should be taken as soon as possible to a cool, breezy shad ed place. The packing shed should be ample enough to shelter all crates of berries until ready for shipment. A breeze is helpful when the fruit is dewy but a hot, dry wind will mar the freshness of the fruit. PROPER TEST OF BROOD SOW Indications of Good Milker Shown in Thrift of Pigs—Beware of Fat tening Animal. The principal test of whether a sow Is a good milker or not Is the thrift of her pigs and her condition while suckling them. If they do well and' she eats liberally and keeps up good health and digestion, and at the same time gets a little thin while nursing them, it Is pretty good evidence that she Is a good milker and will do to keep as long as her usefulness lusts. But look out.for the sow that fattens between farrowing and weaning time. Her pigs cither din off or become runts, for she is not making the use of her feed that a good mother should make. Letter In Fire Alarm Box. Lima, O. —Jeromius Hiatt, 80 years old, mailed his first letter here the other day while driving Into the city. Now he knows the difference between a mail box and a fire alarm box. He tried to mail the letter in an alarm box and called out the entire city fire department. He was arrested, but re leased by Police Judge Jackson when he said be never mailed a letter be fore. Children Cry FOR FLETCHER’S CASTO R I A rifv EXCELLENT FEED FOR SWINE Rape Is Large Succulent Plant and Grows Rapidly—One of Best Forages for Hogs. Owing to the fact that rape grows rapidly, la a large, succulent plant and palatable to hogs, It makes one of the best swine forages. If rape Is not pastured too closely It will grow up and make fall pasture. A good growth of rape will furnish pasture for about )5 to HO hogs to the acre. For pasture purposes the Dwarf Essex variety Is most used. The seed can be bought usually for eight cents a pound, therefore seeding is done at small cost, as not more than live pounds of seed per acre Is required Sows and Pigs Pasturing on Rape. when sown broadcast, and when sown in drills, three pounds of seed Is enough. Most soils will give good account when sown to rape. Lund which is well suited to corn production makes a very excellent soil for rape. How ever, the heavier soils seem to pro duce the largest and most succulent growth. To prevent injury to the crop, hogs should not be put on rape until it Is about a foot high. It is often difficult to get hogs to eat rape at first, if they have not been accustomed to it. However, they will eat the rape and soon learn to relish it If they are turned on it and allowed no other green feed. Another diffi culty is that wet and dewy rape may cause sores and scabs on the hogs. Sometimes (ho skin has the appear ance of being blistered. This seems to be more true of white and thin haired hogs. This may bo overcome by not turning the hogs on rape until the dew lias dried up. PREVENTION OF OX WARBLES Spraying With Kerosene Emulsion or Fish Oil Will Kill Grubs— Remove All Found. Cattlemen estimate that the warble or common grub in the backs of cattle does from $35,000,000 to $50,000,000 damage a year. The damage comes through loss of flesh, lowered milk production, and decrease in the value of hides. Tlio grubs may be located under the skin on the buck of cattle in late win- Section Through Skin of Steer, Show ing Grub With Head Pointed to Opening. ter or early spring by the characteris tic lumps or swellings. The parasite lias made a little opening in the skin at the top of the swelling, and may bo pressed out through it. In a small herd Hie grubs may be removed, and all should be destroyed. Examine the cattle every two or three weeks, and remove all found. Spraying with kerosene emulsion, fish oil or train oil will kill the grubs, but the wounds do not heal readily unless the grubs are removed. DEVICES SUPPORT MILK PAIL Curved Side Arms, Resting on Knees of Milker, Keep Receptacle In Its Proper Place. The curved side arms of this pall, when in use, rest on the knees of the milker and help support the pail. When not in use they are folded down out of the way or are removed entirely Supports for Milk Pail. by simply springing them out of their bearings. It is claimed that these arms are simpler than similar devices previously patented.—Wisconsin Agri culturist. FARM ANIMALS. Guard carefully Hie health of the bogs and poultry. If hog cholera breaks out in the community, get in ouch with your County Agent, and prepare to inoculate against the dis ease. Prompt action is necessary in such cases. CARE OF CREAM IN SUMMER Few Simple Rules Given Which Should Be Followed—Dirt Always Carries Bad Flavors. tßy W. It. COMBS, Missouri College of Agriculture.) During the hot days of summer tlio farmer who is selling cream to the creamery finds it a problem to keep his cream in the proper condition. However, there are but a few simple rules which should be followed, that would result in better cream. First of all these is cleanliness. Dirt, re member, carries bail flavors. If tlio barn or its surroundings and tows arc dirty it will result in poor milk; poor milk results in poor cream; poor cream results in poor butter. Immediately after separating, the cream should bo cooled down to nt least 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Warm cream should never he poured upon cold as the temperature of the lot is raised and bad flavors may result. It is essential that tlio cream be stirred frequently to insure uniform ripening. If, the cream is loft undisturbed, (he fat rises the same way as it docs in milk. As a result tlio cream 1s full of curd particles nr it becomes "lumpy.” Never put cream in a rusty or bat tered can and always remember that milk and cream have that property of absorbing bad flavors. CAREFUL ATTENTION TO COW Animal Brings In Regular Returns in Dairy Products—No Farmer Can Afford to Neglect Her. Cows require regular and careful attention. There Is work in keeping rows and giving them proper attention. Hut they bring in regular returns In dairy products and cash and no farmer can afford to neglect cows. What would it mean to individual farmers and the country if every home had us many cows as it requires to supply the table with milk and butter? Perhaps none of us realize what it would mean. It would certainly give more cash from the animals and crops [ /!.!_ Head of a Purebred Jersey. raised and be the moans of greater profits. Doubtless it would mean more than this. It would give more wholesome, nutritious foods and enable parents to rear healthier, stronger, more effi cient children. Isn't this worth striv ing for? THINNING FRUIT A PROFITABLE PRACTICE. R. R. SHAW Maryland Agricultural Extension Service. Thinning is fully as Important as pruning in securing the best develop ment of the fruit crop. It not only causes the development of much finer fruit, but it is a means for conserving tlie energy and vitality of the trees. Orchards that bear heavily one year do not. as a rule, produce much fruit the following year. While trees are producing a crop of fruit they are also forming buds for the next crop. Over loaded trees cannot well develop a proper number of fruit buds for the following year, consequently many trees perform each function in alter nate years. In some sections systematic thin ning has come to be regarded as an indispensable practice in successful fruit growing. It costs but little, if any, more to thin at Hie proper season, than it does to pick the same fruit at the harvest time. In addition there will be a higher percentage of good fruit, and more assmance of securing a crop the next year. The best time to start this work is after the season for the "June Drop" is safely past. The sooner excess fruit is removed sifter this, the better will be the develop menl of the remaining, fruit. Ttie ideal method of thinning is practically the same as in harvesting. Hand-picking is most desirable as it causes less injury to Hie fruiting wood Another advantage of this method is that the beat developed fruits can bt left on the trees. For most ideal re suits fruits should not lie closer than from four to six inches. When first thinned to this distance they may ap pear very scattering and the prospects will not look at all good for a profit able crop, however, if t ie average -dze of the fully developed fruit will b< kept in mind h v. ill ocn become evi dent Hu t a norma! crop can be ex peeled. Children Cry FJR FLETCHER’S CASIOR I A CASTORIA i (,*! 2 S For Infants and Children. p Moll * rs Kno * That If| [ASmuH Genuine Castcria I % Always / . ii|>SSg|S| Bears the /OT M SSIS? Signature/O' 1 t„ jssfflfflsaa of /L)r i ■'.j' I ,' Not Nabcow . r •jf 1 r ! ' I \A^ ' \ti- ' I’linmlM Suit' . ill A* MxStmi* i 1^ .“>1 mMkSfs- l |#l I I Jnix Hetil f _ Tf'l % IN (\ t/i* 111 , KI O Him sml - L 11 U| C.?j - . f 11 /> rt 4 ApcWlfemcdytor lga£. W. |j S G I ■s;o tiou. Sour; [ ¥ O' I i*is Worms I - n i fiS& For Over j'/i’iJ S I TL * x g i Thirty Years e^MSTOBIA Kxact Copy of V/rappcr, thc centaur comnnv new vorm city *1 l*cir record •i r roof <f t'r wo-'.h, On the market twenty-nine 5 3'ears, a d the I. r in- fj ?;. ! ; •■ ■•• • * 1 t ;!.t and loUay, They are Tile ;;i b/jicUau*.. , * inexp ensive, S i !j Local Contractors, Roofers, or Ccrtright Metal Roofing Co., 50 N. 23rd St., Fhila., Pa. MtCaH's Magazine and R'kCr'i Patterns For Women Hsve Move ! r -ct’-v than any other maya i.iv i. .o r,C;,iiV. is the lelial.le !,m ..1 i •;l( | r.umfhly in one mil: c;t ■■■•]. . d thousand horn* s H 1 - n.'l 'he latest ! designs o’.V nil ■Ui i each issue is 1-r.mf. 1 > •’.■■■ - ott st ries andhelpful r ■ mu for women. Save Mon-y jtr>! Keep in Efvl® hv subscribing for M i - i*3 *. mi.c a; . • d. L st* only 50 cent* a ' r. ill ip.; i.ny out of the celebrated McU.l latter, s I:cti. McCall L-ad all others in style, fit, simj Uuiv. n r. my ai d number sold. More 1 dealers ? I Pittci*:* than any other two I makes com i-<i. N•*. h i Iter tluiU 15 cents, buy j from your dui ■ r, or by ma. it ora 1 McCALL’S MAGAZINE 236-246 W. 37th St., New York City N ti—>*ii.pl# Copy, I’ternium Oiul >rn tuJ Pattern CtU ofu* froo. un re^uMt. Foley’s Kidney Pills What They W r ill Do for You They will cure your backache, 1 strengthen your kidneys, cor- j rect urinary irregularities, build up the worn out tissues, and eliminate the excess uri& acid j that causes rheumatism. Pre vent Bright’s Disease and Dia- and restore health and •trength. Refuse substitutes. Nriil w“o tW ": '> fHOME WARRANTED FOR ALL TIME. If you purchase the NEW HOME you will have a life asset at the price you pay, and wilt Hot have un endless chain of repairs. r psT y Quality il A I . w£ *, I O' Considered t. OJ| ■_ Imll Cheapest en^ | 0 buy. If you want a sewing machine, sprite for our latest catalogue before you purchase. Tin New Home Sewing Machine Ce, Orange, Mass. PEERLESS Paper MEAT Sacks Arc safe an su > pie.eat .kippers la meat If tbe ;a. 1 M-ctMns on each sack n r Ic.l!,,wed. ,-iiin /&. *l* 1 o>" rv. >"* As soon ; in v*ir uvcm H smoked, In the earlj W|il . ■,% lf> m• In -'V *i skipper fly puts In an np- I'fauuir-, j la. u. . r** in the Mack, following th ilinple dlt.-d* prii'tfdon each one, and you ran HSMi.m hat you will not be bothered with wonm it. • 'V |V* i I;*hs” i*;* 1 > r Mi- at Sacks an* made from a *|h bill*’ ;>iv ( i d i .-rv louwh, pliable, strong, clous ria'-ird, h*av* paj. r. with our ucrfecl **Ps<:’sm m m u..m. whlrh 11 and water light, and wltu care chi; 11* u -cil t i s(‘\. ral years Thry are made In tlirno sizes* .. s.tii nil elites of meat, and sell at I, 4 n'; iftce n1 ** •• .arc.irdiug to .size. The large #r i cent -d. . tn t *-•* hams and shoulders of hsa Wfi.hlng 11 1 v* .-• itil.t) f’Oin .VO to 600 pounds, M fording to how th** meat N trimmed; medium sc 4 rout site fion* .*•' r :*JM pounds snd the small srl cent size from 1D o ou pounds. A fair trial v-r. fn lv sustain erery claim for sru sark>. and wr -\ that where onoa used thsy wtU >*•■''• ne a h*u. ej.i Id necessity. BTArt youi u't ocvr for them. Price 3, 4 and A cents apiece, accord In* to size. M4N\'Kim’Rir> OHLT BT THIt Great on hen Ptg. L Mfg. Co • • iiira mv* THE BALTIMORE NEWS Daily and Sunday live, independent news paper, published every aft ernoon (daily and Sunday). Rovers dioroncrhiv Mie even r s o j: ;ie eitv. ■iaLe '.uk country. IJA newspaper for the home—for the family cir cle. the confidence and respect of itfc readers. cent everywhere. Buy It from your local Newsdealer or order by mall. Ore month $ .30 Six months,.. .. .. $1.75 | One year 3.50 The Baltimore News DAI.TIMORIS, BID.