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FRIENDSHIP THAT IS REAL
Distance Has but Small Part In Sever* Ing Ties Bound Together by True Affection. Wo often hear of cases—more often between men, but sometimes between women—where school friends separate and marry, living their lives apart for ten or fifteen years, only to find the old relation Just as firm as ever on meeting again. Or In certain instances friends separate, never to meet again, but keep up their correspondence for years, and the one In a far city would do Just as much for the distant chum, were the occasion to arise, as If their friendship hud recently been close and Ultimate. Friendship knows no space and no bounds. It is an Indissoluble link be tween two human beings. And If you expect to enjoy the affection of a real pal you must bo prepared to do your share. Do not be forever demanding and expecting from your friends. You can only keep alive the pure flame of friendship by giving unselfish love and disinterested affection. Do not look for them, but give from your heart, and you will receive. That Is one of the beauties of friendship. The more love you give, the more you receive. Hut the more you demand and expect, the less you get. Good pals are more precious than diamonds or gold, for they are the rarest of all valuables. Friendship is the salt of the earth and those who know the joy of real friendship should do all In their power to guard and keep it, not to destroy It. How often we risk losing the affec tion of real friends for some worthless acquaintance! So often we offer In sults and snubs (sometimes uncon sciously I to those who weigh more in friendship's scales than a thousand of the aimless flatterers who would try to make us believe they are friends. Let us learn to know our real friends and to give a heartfelt appreciation for the value of such friendship. SHALL IT BE SIMPLIFIED? Possibilities of Revision of Our Lan guage Made Apparent by Writer "Out of the West." The Inglish langwage as spokun by Yankes is dilicult enuf as it is without makin enny attemt to slmplifl it. We hav had a lot of isms in later veers, but nun more uceless than that by which it is hoped to make our vokal and ritteu communikashln ezyr. Bizi bodls wil always be found reddy to take up enny uu theery. And that pur liaps explunes the suinwhat groing in terest In simplified speling. The qulker this unkawled-for and super fluous akilvity in matturs deeling with arthografl haz a dampur put on it the beilur will It be for Inglish, gram ur, retoric and literachur in genral. Simpllfid speling gose hand In hand with the muve to illminate gramur from the skules and the plan to bar readers in which Moother Guso rimes are kuntained. Those who keep up the movement are simply mussin up the winks. Wesenogud tu kum from It. As a substitute we wud suggest that the enthusiasts take up the kwestchuu as tu whu rote Sltake speer's plase. There's an argument In that; there’s nun in wurk that re sults in ennythlng like this. Saylal St. Louis Times. How to Make Spirit Photographs. Print from ordinary negatives in the usual manner on printing-out paper, then (lx the prints lu a solution of one ounce hyposulphite of soda and eight ounces of water, and wash them thor oughly, While still wet, immerse them In a saturated solution of bichloride of mercury until the image disap pears; then wash thoroughly. Be very careful, as bichloride is very poi sonous. Soak some clean blotting pa per in the hyposulphite of soda solu tion and allow It to dry. To cause the spirit photograph to appear, cut a piece of blotting paper the same size as the prepared print, and moisten It; then hold the appar ently blank piece of paper In contact with it. The photograph will come out gradually, clear and plain, and If washed thoroughly will be permanent. —Popular Science Monthly. The Strayberry. Strawberry Is not Its real name, (hough with any other name it would taste Just as sweet. It came to us as a strayberry and by some sort of linguistic hocus pocus "stray" was changed to "straw." It was the stray berry's wanderlust that gave It a name that meant something. Down under the ground the plant sends out runners in every direction. Thus It strayed about in the dark and sent out new shoots that bear the sweetest berry the sun ever kissed. But we have become so used to strawberry that any other name in a shortcake would detract from its glory. Y’ou can not think of a strayberry shortcake. If It was on the bill of fare you would order prune pie Instead. But it is well enough, not to lose the beautiful meaning, that out of a humble origin comes most of the excellence of life. But if we call It strayberry we will ho sure It does not stray far from the land of luxury.—Ohio State Journal. Care of Children's Eyes. When the sun climbs higher every day and shines dally more brightly it 1s a good thing to remember that chil dren's eyes are not quite as well adapt ed to bright lights as are those of grown people. Children are not often permitted to choose their hats, and If they were they would not be likely to remember the brightness of the sun at the time of the choosing. Little children in their carriages or the arms of parents are too often compelled to face a brilliant sky or even the sun Itself with no adequate protection to the eyes. There is no doubt that a great deal of the trouble which affects the eyes in later life could be prevent ed If parents would never expect the children to face brighter lights than they themselves would find uncomfort able. —Osteopathic Magazine. mnm mms MULCH SMOTHERS OUT WEEDS Frequently Means Difference Be tween Plenty of Berries and None at All From Raspberry. Ofttlmes a good mulch means the difference between plenty of berries and none at all from the raspberries and blackberries, it pays to mulch both for the sake of conserving mois ture and the destruction of weeds. The briers should be well mulched dur ing the spring and summer up till the fruit matures. After that the mulch may bo removed, since we desire a well-ripened lot of canes for the next season's crop. If the mulch is of straw It should be raked out and hauled away. If the dust mulch has been used cultivation should cease as soon as the new shoots have reached the proper height. It Is practically impossible of late years to produce marketable fruit without some good mulch, either of dust or straw. The straw smothers out the weeds and grass, thus giving the berries a chance. The dust mulch is the more practi cal of the two systems. The dust mulch can be quickly prepared after each shower. It allows tlie evapora tion of all surplus moisture In times of two much rainfall. It can be the more easily done away with at the end of the growing season, and gives the better chance to apply fertilizers in the shape of compost or commer cial brands. The fertilizer is easily worked into the soil, and Is thus the more easily assimilated by the plant. The straw mulch once applied must be kept up. since it forces the feeding roots to the surface. When removed, as It should h each fall, they are left exposed to the sun. CONTROL OF CURRANT WORMS Usual Trouble Is That Insects Are Not Discovered Until They Are Near ly Full Grown. The usual difficulty In controlling currant worms Is that they are not discovered until they have been work ing for some time and have attained nearly full size, when they are hard to kill. The method of control rec ommended by the New York Stale School of Agriculture, at Alfred, N. Y., Is to spray the bushes thoroughly with arsenate of lead and water dur ing the first warm days In May, be ing careful to see that all the lower branches are covered with the poison, as this is where the young worms be gin to work. Repeat the spray in about two weeks and again in one week if necessary. If spraying has been neglected and the worms appear about picking time, dust the leaves thoroughly with fresh white hellebore. This will lose Its strength after a few hours' exposure to the air and will not poison those who eat the fruit. SLEEVE CHUTE FOR PICKING Fruit Grasped by Hand Slides Down Cloth Tube Into Bag—Much Time Saved to Picker. Attached to the wrist of the opera tor is a sleeve Fruit grasped by the hand slides down the cloth tube and into the bag. The fruit-picker’s other hand is thus left free to grasp a lad Picker’s Sleeve Chute. der, tree-branch, or other support Much time is thus saved over the older method of holding a pail or basket with one hand and dropping picked fruit into with the other—Popular Me chanics Magazine WALNUT IS QUITE VALUABLE Old Tree, Blown Down and Buried in Alluvial Sands, Is Dug Up and Sold for $1,500. A good idea of the increase In value of the wood products of our farm wood lots is shown in the fact that an old walnut tree that had been blown down and buried in the alluvial sands along one of the western rivers brought over $1,500 on the market, though It had to be hauled a consid erable distance to the nearest railroad after being sawed Into logs. CHEAPEST GAINS ON PASTURE Result of Trials Conducted at North Dakota Station —Animals Need Some Grain. Pigs make the cheapest gains on pasture. Trials at the North Dakota experiment station Indicate that brood sows running on good pasture and nursing Utters will do as well when receiving one to IVfe pounds of grain per each 100 pounds live weight of sow, as sows In dry lot receiving 2% pounds grain per day per each 100 pounds live weight. The pasture just about cut the feed pasture alone does not furnish enough feed for either the brood sow with Utter or for the weaned pigs. They should be fed some grain, so as to make a rapid growth. In this way the spring pig can be ready for market before real cold weather sets in. Alfalfa, clover, bromus and winter rye make the earliest pastures. When these have not been provided early spring seeding of such grains as oats and barley or rape are the next best thing. IMi JUMmsIL REMOVE HORNS FROM CALVES According to Writer Best Dehorning Agent Is Caustic Potash in Pen cil or Stick Form. The best dehorning agent is caustic potash fused In the pencil or stick form. The caustic should be applied as soon ns the budding horn or button can be felt tinder the skin. As a rule this can he clone when the calf is but a few weeks old, and although It it claimed by some that horns may be removed from animals six months old, it is undoubtedly best to operate early, advises Dr. E. li. Lehnert In Farm and Home. When the proper time arrives, clip the hair over the horn from an area the size of a half dollar, wash with soapsuds and rub on the moistened caustic. To prevent the caustic from running, moisten it only slightly, and apply lard or vaseline ail about the spot treated. When the scabs tall oft. a careful examination should he made, and If the horn Is still prominent, make another application of the caus tic. To protect the fingers, wrap the caustic well with paper. If active caus tic is thoroughly applied over a suf ficiently large area the horn will un failingly be killed by one application. VALUE OF PUREBRED HEIFERS Editor of Agricultural Paper Picks Up Prize at Public Sale—Possibili ties Unknown. A few years ago a certain editor of an agricultural paper bought a couple of cheap little Jersey heifers at a public stile. Some of the breeders present had a good hit of fun at his expense and they haven't ail got over It yet. When these heifers became cows the better one made a record of production excelled by only a few of her ago in the country for a month or so and was then injured. She may ho heard of later. The other one pro duced over 10.000 pounds of milk and ■ISO pounds of fat with her first calf, which was not so bad for a SSO heifer. The fact is that nobody knows very much about ttie possibilities of pure bred youngsters. When they are go ing cheap it’s not a bad plan to pick them up and wait awhile. They may develop Into the basis of a useful herd -y- ... Jfiy: sr-r- ( Purebred Jerseys. and they can t lose much money if they don't. More than one herd of purebred cattle lias been built on something that didn't look very good to the crowd on sale day. USE OF CENTRIFUGAL FORCE Various Movable Parts of Machine Arranged to Render Separa tion Nearly Positive. The Scientific American, in illus trating and describing a cream sepa rator .invented by J. A. Falk of Stacy villo. lowa, says: Mr. Falk’s invention comprehends an improved construction of separator, | • Cream Separator. making use of centrifugal force, the various movable parts of the separa tor being so arranged as to render the separation as nearly positive as possible, and to prevent the mixture of the cream with the heavier portions of the milk after the separation of the cream therefrom. The Reading of Books. How are the young folk of today to acquire the reading habit? They all go to school and they are taught much more about literature than it was the custom to teach the boys and girls of earlier generations. Yet some how it does not appear that when they leave school they read the hooks writ ten by the authors with win.so names they become familiar as the great ones of the literary world. It does not appear, in fact, that many of them read books of any kind unless It is the sensational and trivial novels of the day, and even these they have lit tle leisure for. So many other matters take their attention. The automobile is one hindrance to the formation of the reading habit. The freedom It gives Is more fascinating to the average young person than any book of fic tion, to say nothing of anything more serious. It invites and knows no refusal. "Movies" attract a multitude to whom motor cars are not available. And there is dances and theaters and the general business of having a "good time" through some form of activity. For in these days youth demands a good time as an inalienable right.— Indianapolis Star, Children Cry FOR FLETCHER’S CASTORIA SEEDING WITHOUT A NURSE CROP URGED Results From Seeding Timothy Alone Indicate Improved Quality And Larger Hay Yields. NICHOLAS SCHMITZ Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station. Where the old way of seeding timo thy does not give satisfactory results the only remedy Is sowing the timothy, or timothy and clover, alone in early fall, not with a grain crop. The plan is to seed tlie wheat without the timo thy in the fall and the clover in the spring; then, as soon as possible after harvest the stubble should be plowed down and a very’ firm, finely-pulverized seedbed prepared. This, to be sure, will involve an extra plowing and pre paring of the seedbed, but the in creased yield and quality of hay more than pays for the extra labor. A full crop will be ready for cutting the next June or July, which will b* the same time as if it had been seeded with the wheat, the stubble of which was plowed down. Timothy may also fol low such crops as early potatoes, early tomatoes, cowpeas cut for hay, etc. Method Of Seeding Alone. If fertilizer is sown with the grass, then seeding with the grain drill as when sowing with wheat In the fall, is by far the most economical way of seeding. But the chances for getting a perfect stand are greatly Increased if the seed Is dropped behind the hoes and a light harrow or weeder run over the field for covering. On soils not subject to much washing or baking after heavy rains, the seed may be dropped In front of the hoes and a roller run over the field to assist In covering. This firms the soil around the seed and brings the moisture to the surface, which adds greatly to the chances of getting a good stand. Where fertilizer Is not sown with the grass the seeding can be done more quickly with a wheel-barrow seeder, covering with a spike-tooth harrow or weeder, and, wherever con ditions permit, following with the roller. Rate Of Seeding. Except under the most favorable soil conditions, It Is advisable to mix In a little redtop. This Is ©specially true on sandy, poor, or wet land, be cause redtop will grow where timothy will not; care, however, must be taken not to use too much redtop, lest it crowd out the timothy and decrease tin- market value of the hay. When sowing timothy alone. ID pounds or more per acre should be u-ed; when sowing with redtop. 12 pounds of timothy and 2 or 3 pounds of redtop (recleaned seed) should he used. When seeded with red clover, 10 pounds of timothy and G to 8 pounds of red clover Is sufficient. If red clover has not been succeeding well, -I to S pounds of alsike clover should be sub stltuted for the red clover. On fairly fertile, well-limed soil. It is s good plan to cut down the red or alsike clover to about half the given rate and add I to 8 pounds of alfalfa. There Is no better way than this of Inoculating the land for alfalfa. When the land is known to be in oculatod, alfalfa may be substituted entirely for the clover, using 15 pounds \ per acre. In this case the first cut- | ting In the spring will he timothy i and alfalfa, and after this two medium- , sized crops of alfalfa may be secured In a favorable season. A good all- ! around mixture for heavy seeding Is: | Timothy 8 lbs. Redtop 2 lbs. Red Clover 6 lbs. (or Alsike Clover, 4 lbs.) Alfalfa -1 lbs. Alfalfa Not An Expensive Crop To Start. It Is true, however, that even i short-lived field of alfalfa pays bette when properly handled, than a field in any other hay crop. The average yield being 3 to 4 tons per acre and 6 to 6 tons are not Infrequent. The feeding value is practically equal to that of bran. The most common mistake made is the enormous expense incurred in get ting land ready for alfalfa. If there was an assurance of getting a hold lasting 10 or 15 years this would be Justified, but the chances of getting such a long-lived field are not great enough to justify extraordinary high expenditures. Moreover, this Is not j necessary. Outside of a Utile extra j cost of seed the expense of starting a I field of alfalfa need not be much be yond that of seeding a field of ordinary clover and timothy in the fall by them selves —not with Wheat. On a well managed farm It would be a simple matter to leave out the timothy In seeding wheat and seed to alfalfa the next fall after the land lias been well prepared, well limed, and inoculated. It is an equally sim ple matter to follow alfalfa after early potatoes. To charge the expense of liming against alfalfa is not altogether | far. Every farm needs an application I of lime every few years. Then why | not lime tin- field about the time it is I ready to be seeded to alfalfa. The extra expense of inoculating can be j eliminated by seeding with clover, 4 j or 5 pounds of alfalfa per acre. This I will bring forth enough alfalfa plants over the field to Inoculate the land in i a year or two. Hi# Offering. "James,” said his mother, “did you put your money in the collection plate at Sunday school today?" "No'm,” said James, "I didn’t." "Why didn't you?" “Well, you see, when I got there 1 found out all the other boys had two cents except me and Freddie Brown, so we matched for 'em and Freddy won.” MSI STOCK HORSES THRIVE ON ALFALFA No Other Hay Comes So Near Being Ideal, If Sanely Used —Has Large Protein Content. Some ridiculous prejudices are held against alfalfa. The less known about it the more intense is the prejudice, one that constantly lias to be fought as the plant advances Into strange territory 1s that It Is unsuited and even dangerous to horses. The fact Is, no other hay comes so near being ideal, If sanely used. Where largely grown and best known. It lias largest popularity and use as a staple ration for horse and mule stock of all ages. One element that makes alfalfa so valu able Is its large protein content —much larger than Is found in any other hay. Beat results are obtained by feeding with it, as a balance, other feeds hav ing less protein. Horse owners accustomed to using prairie or timothy liny, and keeping the mangers heaped, are likely to over feed on alfalfa, with harmful effects, such ns would follow from feeding too much oats or corn. Regardless of theories and scien tists, there is much testimony from men severely practical that alfalfa hay alone serves every purpose as a roughage for mature horses at heavy work and for growing colts of any age, although for some horses when driven fast it is found rather too much of a laxative. Hundreds of horse owners in western towns use it exclusively as hay for stage, omnibus, delivery and dray animals, and light drivers. In parts of California and adjacent states no oilier hay is known. MAKING MONEY FROM SHEEP Many Farmers Buying Scrubs In Fall and Holding Them for Lambs and Wool Crop. As an Indication of bow farmers are turning to sheep as a quick money maker. I may cite the fact that a great many farmers are going on the mar kets early in the fall and buying scrub or “native ewes" shipped in from the West and Southwest and holding them over until the next fall. They get a lamb crop, as well as a wool crop, and are usually able to sell the old ewes ■m m ' ’' ' ~ : v . ■ Mixed Western Flock. for more than they gave for them by the simple expedient of finishing them for the mutton market. It some judgment is used in buying these animals they will pay a profit, says an Illinois writer in Farm Prog ress. Many of them are very fair ewes, not the sort, of course, that a man would want if he were going into tho exclusive business of sheep grow ing, but they usually deliver a fair lamb crop. It Is easy to cull out the poorer ones at tho end of the first year and replace them with better an imals. It scrub sheep of this sort will pay it is very easy to see that good breed? lug stock will greatly Increase the profits. It should he the aim of every man who is growing sheep to gradual ly Increase the amount of good blood In his flock. MANAGEMENT OF FARM FLOCK Sheep Practically Live Off Waste, Ex cept for Short Time When Pas ture Is Needed. Any farm fenced hog tight Is equip ped to handle a few sheep, and they will practically live off the waste, ex cept for a short period when a few acres of pasture are required. As soon as the corn is laid by, the sheep and lambs may be turned in. They will eat the weeds which you left and the grass that comes later, also the suck ers and lower blades of corn, and finally tackle the corn. You can watch and move them to a Stubblefield or pasture until the corn is out, then let them back into the stalks again. Lit tle or no corn is required for raising sheep. CLEANING UP AFTER CHOLERA Work Should Be Done Promptly and Thoroughly—Little Pigs Lose Their Immunity. All farms on which hog cholera has existed at any time during tho past two years should ice cleaned up promptly and thoroughly. The older hogs may have possessed a degree of Immunity which enabled them to re sist successfully any hog cholera virus of lower power which was missed by previous clean-ups. Pigs from immune mothers do not possess (his resisting power. The pigs from immune moth ers lose their Immunity after wean ing Vital Point in Grafting. One vital point In grafting should ho well in mind before a single cut is made, and that is, that the grafts should ho set in the parts of the trees where they will g ow most vigorously. Children Cry FOR FLETCHER’S CASTORIA Children Cry for Fletcher's The Kind You Have Always Bought, and which har. been iu use for over years, has borne the signature of —— and lias been made under bis per -50,,i1l supervision since its infancy. //I /'oOCC-/ii/M Allow no one to deceive you in tills. Ail Counterfeits, Imitations and “dust-as-good ” sire but Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of Infants and Children —Experience against Experiment. What is CASTORIA Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Pare porie. Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is pleasant. It contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other .Narcotic substance. Its are is its guarantee. It destroys Worms and allays Feverishness. For more than thirty years it has hern in constant use for the relief of Constipation, Flatulency, A. Iml Colie, all Teething Troubles and l>iarrlnea, it regulates the Stomach and Bowels, assimilates the Food, giving healthy and natural sleep. The Children’s Panacea—The Mother’s Friend. GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS Bears the Signature of t in Use For Over 30 Fears The Kind You Have Always Bought THE CENTAUR COMPANY, NEW YORK CITY, (ajifesHTfel m PI ESI PI m U Ea m Metol Slate Victoria Shingle Imperial Shingle* Oriental Shingla —-yr - -"jH irioty of.ledgns, cither galvanized, or tin-piate painted red I ;an find just the right stvle of Cortright Metal Sningles for I Look lor trade-mark, "Cortright” keg. U. S. Pat. Off. I Fur Sale by | Local Contractors, Roofers, or Cortright Metal Roofing Co., 50 IT. 23rd St., Fhila., Pa. Mc(V ■ s Magazine and f/kCaH Patterns For Women Have RT-re F. tlun liny other j ma-Mzhicor • •.‘••friw. i-; he j iclia!.io i .t-v n (. ;i‘ :<■ r nthly in ; ’din* i. !' O.i I ■ :thousand honi< s )i ■■ . all the latest desi;. >• M i. i ■. ■ .u.li i -sue is i r.nif- ! i >r- ;j ■ ort st nes ! and In-., t ill i Tr.iau.iu f..r women. Save Money - i.J Keep in Style hv srlisrrihing lor Mel in's M iso at once. C'*U only jo rents i \ ■r, i any one ui the te.cbrated MU all I l .,items lice. McCall Petlema Load all others in style, fit, siin itv t .*and nun r su'.d. More dealers s ' ')■ Patter t than any other two i m ii.es - -ii. i. I. N. ne lecher tliau iscetits. buy from yum ... r, ut by inaii liom I McCALL’3 MAGAZINE | 236-246 W. 37th St, New York City N r*—Matujil* Chit, I'ramium Cstil'*u an 1 Pattern Catalogue free, Foley b Kidney Pills What They Will Do for You They will cure your backache, strengthen your kidneys, cor rect urinary irregularities, build up the worn out tissues, and eliminate the excess unit acid that causes rheumatism. Pre vent Bright’s Disease and Dia uatc3, and restore health and •trength. Refuse substitutes. NEW: HOME WARRANTED FOR ALL TIME. If yon purchase the NEW HOME you will have a life asset at the price you pay, and will not have an endless chain of repairs. IT 8 ,‘- Tj 2 Q ual * ly O Considered !,„iir I* l 'l l ® enc l If you wmit a sewing nmehlnc.V'Hte for our latest catalogue before you purchase. Uu Hew Home Sew% Machine Ce* Oraup, Mass, PEERLESS Paper MEAT Sacks Arc Safe am “U (Herein skipper. In mMt lllmm i.| . . ii eetioui on aaoh wek me '<’■ owed. ' „13IS AWFUtI I j5 , As soon as your meAt Is smoked. In the tarlj ■*pi r , before M M >\\ >r'kipper fly puts In an ap pfMi.iiire, pun .• n K eai in me sack, following ths slmplt* ilinn lio i pie ;-.|vprinted on each one, and feu ran red a-n. •! .1 at you will not be bothered ' ’‘peerless*' Pin i Mi it Sacks are made from a ipeel ill* prep e . e. v*rv touch, pliable, strong, close- I grained, h*av , with ,ur perfect “Peerless" I Beitom wliirli is air ami water tight, and with care j can he used f< • >■ •ta 1 y*arH The) are made in 1 tlneesl/c- Ml on 11 ‘i! wi/.es of meat, and sell at S, 4 i and A rents . e i-ovdtny to size. The largs er • ■> mil size :ak 'lie liams and shoulders of hep we I lung dive w • f-ie i from 3.M) to *OO pounds, a*- ?o 'ling to imw i. uu at Is trimmed; medium er 4 i cent size from joe w .Ad pounds and the small er I cent <l/e frein 100 . 'A-e pounds. A fair ii liilH .n rutlv sustain every claim for out >*rl s, and we f*t that where once used they will I *ec."ne a hou.selt id necessity. Ask yom ; cer for them. Price 8,4 and a cents apiece, according to sire, MANUPAiTrniD OWLT BY TB* Great oirhern Ptfl. L Mfg. Co v Vl'lfK Mil THE BALTIMORE NEWS Daily and Sunday TfA live;, independent news paper, published every aft ernoon (daily and Sunday). n ovcrs thoroughly the ■■,s events of the city, ale am., country. fA newspaper for the .home—for the family cir cle. \ *'Enjoys the confidence and respect of its readers. fjOno cent everywhere. Buy it from your local Newsdealer or order by mall. One month $ .30 Six months.... $1.75 One year ,3.50 The Baltimore News IK AI.TIM OR IS, MD.