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Catoctin clarion. [volume] (Mechanicstown, Md.) 1871-1940, August 28, 1919, Image 4

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.He Has Had His Day
LEAGUE FULFILS
(AMERICAN IDEAL
Herbert Hoover Says Democra
c;js Replaced Autocracies
at Our Bidding.
FOOD ADMINISTRATION CHIEF.
Urn's Ratification on Ground That
Treaty Will Collapae
Without League of
Nations.
If -rhert Hoover is so deeply con
eeri cd over the opposition to the
League of Nations in the United
States that be lias let himself lie in
terviewed at length on the League sit
uation. In n talk with the New York
Times correspondent in Paris, tin-
Final Administration Chief asserts tlr.l
having caused the League idea to pre
vail America cannot abandon it. We
cannot withdraw, he says, and leave
Europe to chaos. "To abandon the
League Covenant now means that the
fietity Itself will collapse."
Mr Hoover’s wide acquaintance
ttitb conditions both here and abroad,
Ins reputation as an administrator, a
man of great affairs who deals with
facts, not theories, make his state
iin-iit one of tlie most important con
tributions to the recent League discus
sions.
*•'l here at*- one or two points In con
neciioii with tlie present treaty,” said
Mr. Hoover, “that need careful consid
eration hy tlie American public. We
weed to digest the fact that we have
for a century and a half been advo
cating democracy not only ns a
remedy for the internal Ills of all so
ciety. but also us the only real safe
gun ul against war. We have believed
and proclaimed, in season and out,
that a world in which there was a
free expression and enforcement of
tin- will of the majority was the real
basis of government, was essential for
ilie advancement of civilization, and
:tini we have proved its enormous hu
man benefits in our country.
American Ideas Have Prevailed.
“We went Into the war to destroy
autocracy us n menace to our own and
all oilier democracies. If we bad not
con:- mto tlie war every inch of Euro
pean soil today* would he under auto
cratic government. We have imposed
our will on the world. Out of this
victory lias collie tbe destruction of
Hie four great autocracies in Ger
many. Russia, Turkey and Austria and
tin- tittle autocracy in Greece. New
democracies have sprung into befog In
Poland, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania,
l->-iI.-nia, Czechoslovakia, Greater
Serbia, Greece, Siberia, and even Ger
many and Austria have established
democratic governments. .Beyond
Ha -M- a host of small republics, such
ais Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan and
others, have sprung up. and again us
a result of this great world movement
the constitutions of Spain, Rumania,
and even England, have made a final
ascent to complete franchise and de
mocracy, although they still maintain
a symbol of royalty.
“We have been tbe living spring for
this last century ami half from which
these ideas have sprung, and we have
triumphed. Tbe world today, except
for a comparatively few reactionary
and eoiiimuiiistic autocracies, is dem
ocratic, and we did it.
“A man who takes a wife and
blesses the world with several infants
cannot go away and leave them on
the claim that there was no legal mar
riage.
"These Infant democracies all have
political, social and economic prob
lems involving their neighbors that
are fraught with the most Intense
friction. There are no natural bound
aries in Europe. Races are not com
pact : they blend at every border. They
need railway communication and sea
outlets through their neighbors’ terri
tory.
“Many of these states must for the
next few years struggle almost for
bare bones to maintain their very
existence. Every one of them is go
ing to do its best; to protect its <wr>
interests, even to the prejudice of iti
neighbors.
Governments Lack Experience.
“V, e in America should realize that
democracy, as a statue form nr govern
ment an we know it, is possible only
with highly educated populations and
a large force of men who are capable
of*government. Few of the men who
compose these governments have had
any actual experience at governing
and their papula cions are woefully il
literate.
“They will require a generation of
s<-n at national life In pence to de
velop free education and skill In gov
ernment.
•’ Uubss these countries have a guid
ing hanji £ud referee in tjielr quarrels,
n court or appeals tor tlietr wrongs,
lids Europe will go hack to chaos.
If there Is such an Institution, rep
resenting the public opinion of the
world, and able to exert its authority,
they will grow into stability. We can
not turn buck now.
“There Is allot her point which also
needs emphasis. World treaties hith
erto have always been based on tbe
theory of a balance of power. Strom
er races bate been sel up to dominate
ibe weaker, partly with a view to
maintaining stability and to a greater
degree with a view to nm iitaimng oc
cupations and positions for tbe re
actionaries of the world.
-The balance of power Is born of
armies and navies, aristocracies,
autocracies, and reactionaries general
ly, who can find employment and
domination In these Institutions, and
treaties founded on this basis have
established stability after each great
war for a shorter or longer lime, bur
never more than a generation.
“America came forward with a new
Idea, ami we Insisted upon Its Injec
tion into this peace .conference. We
claimed (hut It was po-slble to set
up such a piece of machinery with
such authority that the balance of
power could be abandoned as a relic
of the middle ages. We compelled an
entire const ruction of ibis treaty and
every word ami lino in it to bend to
this idea.
"Outside of (be League of Nations
the treaty itself lias many deficiencies.
It represents compromises between
many men and between many selfish
Interests, and these very compromises
ind deficiencies are multiplied by the
many new nations that have entered
upon Its signature, and the very safety
of the treaty itself lies in a court of
appeal for the remedy of wrongs in
tlie treaty.
Benefits of the League.
“One thing Is certain. There Is no
body of human beluga so wise that a
treaty could be made that would not
develop injustice and prove to have
•jeen wrong in some particulars. As
Che covenant stands today there is a
place at which redress cun he found
-md through which the good-will of
the world can he enforced. The very
machinery by which the treaty is to
lie executed, ami scores of points yet
to lie solved, which have been referred
to tbe League of Nations as a method
of securing more mature judgment in
a less heated atmosphere, justifies the
creation of the League.
“To abandon tlie covenant now
means that the treaty Itself will col
lapse.
“It would take tbe exposure, of but
a few documents at my baud to prove
that 1 had been I lie most reluctant of
Americans to become Involved In this
situation in Europe. But having gone
in with our eyes iqrt-n and with a de
termination to free ourselves and the
rest of tlie world from Ibe dangers
that surrounded us, we cannot now
pull back from tbe Job. It is no uso
to hold a great revival and then go
away leaving a church for continued
services half done.
"We have succeeded In a most ex
traordinary degree in Imposing upon
Europe the complete conviction that
we are absolutely disinterested. The
consequence is that there is scarcely
a man, woman or child who can read
in Europe that dies not look to the
United States as the ultimate source
front which they must receive assur
ances uml guardianship In the liberties
which they, have now secured after
so many generations of struggle.
“This Is riot a problem of protecting
the big nations, for the few that re
main can well look uflur themselves.
What we have done Is to set up a
score of little democracies, and If the
American people could visualize their
handiwork they would ins st with the
same determination that they did In
lUI7 that our government jnoceud.’*
— 7 ■
EX-EMPRESS IS 79 YEARS OLD
Widow of MaximiHan of Mexico Seems
in Ignorance of All Recent
Happenings. *
Brussels. —Charlotte, widow of Em
peror Maximilian of Mexico, was sev
enty-nine years old recently. She is
in good health and lives at the Cha
teau de Bouchot, near Antwerp, which
was unharmed hy the Germans. She
seems to have remained In Ignorance
of the happenings of the last five years
and only manifested anxiety when the
big guns thundered during the siege of
Antwerp.
The former empress Is unaware of
the death of her brother, King Leo
pold of Belgium.
The word death Is never mentioned
In her presence, and when, one by one,
her old friends and servants die, she
is told they have gone on a “long Jour
ney.” Her tragic Indifference makes It
impossible to tell whether she under
stands, . ,
i'AFT KIILIIS
LEAGUE PlAI!
. 3 uts It Into Plain Language Fres
From Le',al and Dhloimtic
Verbiage, in Response to Re
quest.
MANY ARE CONFUSED
BY PRESENT DZ3VTE
Darrcr That People Will Lost
Snlit of Basio Principles Dur
ing Discussion of Complicated
Details and Technicalities.
(By ex-Pr.sidcnt William H. Taft.)
The pinn for a League of Na
lions 's bused on a few simple
principles. whltii are noi hard
to understand when lifted out
of I he morass of technical discus
sion and freed from legal and
diplomatic lamqliige. As the
one authority best aide to pre
sent these points without par
tisan bias, ex-President Tuft
has been ashed jp put tbe
league Idea Into a few plain
words for tbe benefit of millions
of Americans who desire a bet
ter understanding of the plan
but And themselves confused by
the debate In tbe I'nlled Slates
Senate. In response to this ie
' quest he bus written tbe follow
ing article.
Put pose of the League.
Tbe chief purpose of tbe League of
Nations is to keep the world In a
a.ale of peace. Another way of ex
pressing It Is to say that the league
Is designed to present wars.
We have Just finished the greatest,
v liieh Is to say the most horrible, of
all conflicts between nations. We
have won a glorious victory. But that
victory will he wasted unless this war
has made the nations ready to
pul aside-Ihelf differences and co
operate to end war forever.
It is not enough, however, to pro
vide for the prevention of wars and
the settlement of disputes after they
have arisen. We must foresee causes
ot trouble and remove them before
tl i y have readied an antte stage
lb-nee there must be provision for fre
■I cut consultations of members of tbe
league for exchange of Information,
f ■ agreement on common policies and
for tbe gradual formation of rules of
It 'ermitlonal law which at present are
uncertain and Incomplete.
Tlie representatives of great
free nations which Avon the war hint
met in Paris and, after long eoiisulta
t'on, have drawn an agreement which
ll.ey believe will accomplish these
ci i|s. At l 1 e very least It wIP set 111
;i i iMin gre ffccliaii cs which will re
f n in . ei -til l it to all i ma
le ml. Thia reel t Is called tbe
fi ■ elianl if i * I. : ,'iie of Na 'ons
u - - a 'll i. T; be pea e: , a
There wilt be no league worth talk
1 1 ;r about, however, unless the United
F lies is a member. Tbe decision at
to whether the United States shall
Join rests with our Senate. The Sena
tors. chosen by the people, will In the
end vote as the people desire. For
tins reason the people themselves will
divide whether or not ttie (United
y ntes will join (lie league. 11l this
q eslion every citizen should have a
voice. He or she can express opinion
either by writing d'reet to Senators,
by letters ip the newspapers, by
speeches in bis lodge or local union ul
in conversation vviili friends.
Methods of Maintaining Peace.
Since tbe prime object of tbe
League of Nations is to preserve peace
and to reap the benefits of peace
let us see bow the league will operate
to accomplish that purpose
In the tirst place it will seek to re
move the main causes of war By tbe
formation of an international court it
will create a means lor the peaceful
settlement of disputes between na
lions. Then it will seek to compel the
nations to make use of tins court.
This is nothing more nor less than an
app'ieaiioii of the ri le.s and cnsioim
governing private Individuals in civil
Ized communities to the relations be
tween nations.
Secondly, tlie League will seek to re
move a great temptation to war by
the general agreement to reduce tlie
► 1 e of armies and navies. This will
halt tlie nice for military and naval
Buorenmcy which was largely respon
s le for the war just ended. The
in,.o,;ni of armament any nation may
ina.main will he strictly defined
'1 hus it will he Impossible for one
c< entry to overwhelm its neighbor h>
unexpected attack, in the way that
Germany crushed Blaginin and woulc
lime crushed France batl not the otbei
democratic nations gone to her aid. The
Idea is that each country may keel
an army and navy large enough to en
able It to fulfil its responsibilities at
a member of the League, hut no larger.
The United States? for example, prob
ably vvoufd be expected to keep
check on Mexico and the state of con
stain turmoil in that Country’ would b
taken into eonsideratio.il In ] deciding
how large an army we should need.
The third important safeguard
which ||ii) League will set up is a sys
tem of penalties. This will make ar
outlaw of uny in Hon or group of na
thuis which goes n> war in violation
o( the rules of tin- v, uo, 'iba out
lawed nniinn will he boycotted by all
the oiler members of the Lea.ue and
will find Itself cut off from both hush
mss and social communication with
die re t of the world.
How It Will Prevent Wars.
It is hot claimed that tin l eague of
Xptb tis # will do away with war adc
gellter. Every possible provision 'but
human Intelligence can devise will be
made to settle international disputes
peaceably. But should all these meas
ures fail and two nations go to war.
this is what wil) happen:
If both parties to the dispute have
observed, thq, fujes ot the League, the
other fiutlons will stand back amt let
them fight It out. War under such
circumstances is difficult to Imagine,
however, because before tbe angry na
tions will be allowed to fight lb ac
cordance with tin' tides of the Lea rue,
so much lime must elapse that la all
probability tl.. ir anger will cool and
they will reach an am.cubic under
standing.
What we have to fear Is that some
nation will go to wur In defiance ol
the League, and every precaution litis
been taken to suppress such n nation
by the immediate use of the milted
power of the other nations. If inter
national boycott failed to bring her
to terms site would have to face a
combined inlernut'onal army and
navy Tbe founders of tbe League be
lieve (lull tbe mere posslbil'ty- of s ch
a situation will prevent any nation
from violating Its agreement D -es
anyone tLink that Germany would
have begun war five years ago if .-.lie
I ad known that nearly all the oilier
great powers would combine against
her?
D.ing the World'* Work.
In addition to seeling internal lentil
d’sputes peaceably the League of
.Nations will provide means for doing
much of the world'* work more sy.-n
lomuiieally ami effectively tbuii can
be dime new wl.ea each nation Is
working only for ; self. The people
yon know beat end l.ke best are those
who work with you on tl.e same Job,
It will be the same way with the
nations of the fat ere. Tbe more they
work together, the sooner they will
come to understand and like each
• a her.
For example, the League will estab
sh an internaltonal organization for
the bettering of labor conditions in
dlrt'ereid countries, for the protection
of women and children and the native
inhabitants of civilized and semi-civil
tzed countries. One of Germany's
greatest crimes lias been her barba
rous ireattneiil of the helpless people
in some of her colonies. One of the
dilef tasks of tbe League will be to
look after peoples that are uoi strong
enough to protect themselves.
The League will appoint commis
sions to take charge of various inter
national undertakings so that they
may he carried on, myt for the benefit
of any one nation, but for the benefit
of the whole world. Provision will he
made for promotion of fair and equal
' rude conditions.
The e are only n few of Ihe benefits
ihe world will derive from ihe League,
As time goes on we shall find more
and inure tasks at which the nations
.-an d'k in common and a greater
nnm-er of opportunities to remove
causes which stir up Jealousies and
.iiiiiiiosiiies between races and peoples.
Objection* Answered.
Of course we cannot hope to make
the great changes such as the League
ef Nations will bring about without
•pposlthm. Fortunately the war has
at gin us the great advantages of
nteriiatloiißl co-operation. Il was
.nly by gneil team work that the free
liberty loving nations were able to
whip Germany.
Tin treaty which the United States
'em e Is dehat tig obligates the mem
ber:- of the proposed League to pro
le.nne another against attack from
i*t ll mies outside their own boundaries
.-i:i upon conquest. Although this
agreement (Article X of the Cove
mint) is vital to any arrangement
which seeks to pi event war, it lias
been attacked on the ground (bat it
would draw the United Stales into
wars in various parts of the world and
force us to send uitr boys to light In
quarrels which did not concern ns.
We should remember, however, that
the main purpose of Article X Is to
frighten nations tempted to wins of
conquest from yielding to tin* tempta
tion, hy the certainty that they will tie
crushed if they begin such a war by
ii universal boycott and a union of
forces of tbe world against them. If
a big war breaks out again, the United
States will be forced to take part In
It whether we have a League of
Nations or not. We tried hard enough
to keep out of the war with Germany
but found we couldn’t.
A little war contrary to the League
rules could he handled hy the power*
close at hand. Certainly It would not
ho necessary to send American troop*
to suppress an uprising In tin* Balkans
when prompt iic-th-n hy the armies of
Italy or some otlmr nearby powerful
nation could suppress the fracas be
fore American troops could even get
started.
Great Gain for Small Los*.
We had to make many sacrifices to
win the Inst war and we made thorn
willingly because -ve knew they were
worth while. Il will be the same lit a
smaller degree with a League of
Nations. When men form a business
partnership each one has to make
concessions to the views and opinions
of the other nie*nlft*rs of the firm.
When we enter the League of
Nations we may have to give up cer
tain privileges, ho! the losses will be
small compared with the profits
The United State;* will not have to
sacrifice her Independence or right lo
make her own decisions,
” •
The council, the chief governing
body of t lie League, cannot ink
action without unanimous decision id
its members and since the United
States wilj have a representative in
the Cpuncij our Interest will be pm
peeled there. We hoar It said that the
fyt-agne is formed for the benefit of
(Jregt Britain or Japan or some other
onp nation. This Is not true. All the
patiqns will gain by It, not only the
giciif patlops such as the United
Stales, Great Britain, France, Japan
am) Italy, hut the little nations which
In the past have been oppressed by
their hlg neighbors. The International
court will give an opportunity for the
settlement of old grievances whirl'
have Jong troubled the peojdes of the
world.
It has been said that the League
will Interfere with the Monroe Doc,
trine, hut the League Covenant ex
pressly protects this Doctrine. In fact,
through the Covenant the Monroe Doc
trine receives recognition throughout
the world and Its principles become'
forever established.
I TOE) GH3KB
WfcuS S.'iiLL Effl
Peaca'Leirue foe to
Them Than il Can i..„aa
. to IWo',l.
on. shaw’s sr.,:Rir:s plea.
(By the Late Dr. Anna Howard S'iaw.>
Seven million out; hcudred thousand
inon who Inol Ini(I down lives li
'he grout win-. Th iil: of I: ! Sovo
l million, ono tnnnlml thousand yomv
I mon Innl 1 1ioil on ilio (lohl of Ia: Me!
"Inn does 11 in I nun n to ilio women
I of the world? It means thin so.on
| ‘million otio hundred thousand woiiioi
| walked clay hy day with iholr I'noo.-
; toward an open grave that they niigu
give life to a son. It moans lha'
sovon million one hundred thonsanr
Idllo oh lld ion lay In the arms of c
mother whoso love had made then
face oven the terrors of death tint,
they might heroine the mothers o
mon.
Il means that year after year the
women had pm tip their lives n to Mi
I llvesof their sons until they had rent
j ed them to ho men. for avli.u? 1
j the hope that these sans of heirs con*
| give to the world the things for w..ie.
women dream, the th nrs for wlilcl
women hope and pray and long. Tl -s.>
were the things that the women Inn
In their hearts when they gave birth
to their sons.
Fiat who can estimate the value o'
seven million one hundred thonsan
(lend sons of the women of the world
Who can estimate the price which th
women have paid for this war: whu.
It has cost them, not only in rite dent)
of their sons, because that is a phas
of our war to which we look.
The Courage of Women.
We hear oilr orators tell us of th.
courage of our men. Mow they wen
across tlie sea. Very few of them re
member to tell us of the courage of
onr women, who also went across the
sea ; of the women who died nursing
(he sick and wounded; the women
who died in Ihe hospitals, where the
terrible bombs* came and drove them
almost to madness. They tell us
nothing of the forty thousand English
women who went to work hack of th.
trenches in France.
They tell us nothing af the thou
sands upon thousands upon thousands
of women who not only toiled and
worked and slaved In order that the
war might he successful, hut we do
not hear of the thousands of women,
not alone In Armenia, not alone in
Montenegro, not alone in Serbia. Inn
in (•'hinders. In Belgium, In liuinan'a,
in Itussia —the thousands of women
who lie In graves today, murdered,
so horribly murdered that, men dare
not speak of it.
And yet we women tire asked what
we know about the League of Na
lions; asked what we can understand
about a League of Nations. Ob men I
the horrible deaths; the horrible lives
of thousands upon thousands of wo
men today in all these nations, who
must live, and who must look in the
faces of children unweleoined, unde
sired — of liitle children—and know
that these are the result of war.
And then ask women why they
should be Interested in a league of
i mice?
Women Suffer Most From War.
If there Is any la.dy of citizens In
ihe world who ought to he Interested
in a league to ultimately tiring to the
world peace it is the mothers of men.
and the women who suffered as only
women can suffe; in the war and In
devastated countries.
And we call upon them, we women
<if the world call upon the men who
have been fighting all these battles of
ibe years, tl.e men who have led
hi tales, and led armies close to theli
deaths.
We are now cairng upon tlie men
of the world to in some way or atv
other find a pa-sa- e out of the sea of
death. We are aak ng them to form
n league which wi) 1 hrltig hope to the
women of i.e flit ire. If women tire
to bear sons only that they may die,
I women t taj not have hope
mil aspirations for their children,
women may not dream ihe dreams
bat have in them the hope of the
gliest civilizations, the highest moral
and spiritual life of the people—lf wo
ten may not have these in their
hearts as tin 1 mothers of men, then
women will cease to desire to be the
: .others of men. And why should
j iicy noi? Vi hy should they not?
SHARK SKIN “POKE’’
Man Who Was to Go in Search of
Gold Made It.
Whiling nway n few dull moments
at San Francisco before the departure
of the old schooner Casco on a cruise
for gold In the frozen North, Dan Lof
dahl, one of the chosen sailor-miners
j on board, caught a four-foot shark In
I fishing over the side.
Lofdahl was occupied nearly all day
in skinning the fish. His mates won
dered of what use the skin could be.
and were told by the fisherman that
It was to hold all the yellow dust they
expected to find In Siberia. Every
real miner has to have bis “poke,” or
purse. The stripped skin is t(* hang
in the cabin In which Robert Louis
Stevenson dreamed so many of the
■romances that have made him beloved
wherever good books are read. The
Casco Is lying at the bulkhead between
piers .No. 42 and 44.
Pear Tries to Break Ip.
Mr- and Mrs. Tracey Baker, who
Jive on Desolation, near Okltth, Ore.,
Juid a thrilling experience onp night
# recently when a bear attempted to
break Info their house, During the
nigl)t Mr, apd Mrs. Baker were awak
ened by a noise on the hack porch,
the poise being of something tearing
pt a window screen, Arising and In
vestigating, the man of the laiuse dis
covered bruin In the act df trying
to gain entrance to the kitchen. Mr
Baker took a shot at Hie bear, but
failed to kill him though he wounded
the animal.
Children Cry for Fletcher’s
The Kind You Have Always Bought, and which has been
iu use for over thirty years, has borne the signature of
- and has been made under his per
sonal supervision since its infancy.
Allow no one to deceive in this.
All Counterfeits, Imitations and “ Just-as-good ” are but
Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children —Experience against Experiment.
r What is CASTOR IA
Castoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil, Paregoric,
Drops and Soothing Syrups. It is pleasant. It contains
neither Opium, Morphine nor other narcotic substance. Its
age is its guarantee.* For more than thirty years it has
been in constant use for the relief of Constipation, Flatulency,
Wind Colic and Diarrhoea; allaying Feverishness arising
therefrom, and by regulating the Stomach and Bowels, aids
the assimilation of Food; giving healthy and natural sleep.
The Children’s Panacea —The Mother’s Friend.
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears the Signature of
In Use For Over 30 Years.
The Kind You Have Always Bought
THC CCNTAUN COM RAN V. NEW VORK CITY,
Yil A B 0 OF T!!E
LEAGUE OF RATO
By Dn. FRANK CHAN*.
1. Wh:it is fie Lcanu: of Nation*?
A. A union of )ln> stroiiM**! ci\ Ihaul
aatloiis formed at the conclusion of
lu* great win 1
2. V/I;at is its object?
A. Pies I. lo priniioie tin* Peace of
he World liy agree lug not to resort to
>vit r. SeeotnL lo do;il openly with
■nrli offer, not lo s•.■ere. in* ■ es.
riiird. to improve !nievniii!i n, low.
Fourth. to eo-i neiate in nil n.aiui. of
■omnion eoni'eni.
3. Do'.s it pr-.sume to end \vs"?
A. No more limn any go\ i M*nt
?an end crime. It da.ms to ted .re ii.e
liability of war.
4. What will be done to any nation
that mak s war?
Ali will he boycotted and other
wise pi nalired.
5. How else will the probability of
war be lessened?
A By voluntary, mat uni and pro
noriionale disarmament ; by exelatng*
'ng military information, by pro',el'tig
'or arbiiratiim. by protecting eneh na
tion's territorial integrity and by eil’.t
'•atinjf public* opinion to see (he fody
af war.
6. What else does the League pro
pose'to do for Mankind?
A, (I) Sectire fair treatns ;it f<
ltd-or.
(2) suppress the WM‘e S 1 :
TralHc, the sale of d-oi
Drugs, and the trallic in
Munitions
(3) eonirol anti prevent
(4) promote the work of tin* 1..
Cross, and
(5) establish Internal iotnil I
reans for ot bet C rvi :i .a
concern the I mean race
7. Who are to be Chait-r Member
of the League?
A The I’niled Stales of America
Belgium, Bolivia. Brazil, British Um
pire, Camilla. Australia, South Africa.
New Zealand. India. China, Cuba.
Cstecbo-Slovak'n, Eucndor. France.
Breoee, Guatemala. Haiti, Iled.'az,
Honduras, Italy, -Input), Liber a. Nie
tiragiia. Panama, P*'*u, Poland, Porta
al. Utunanin. Sorb'a. Siam, Prin-ttay
am' the following stati.- which are in
vited to accede to the covenant : At :-en
line Iteptihlic, Chili. Coionib’a. Den
mark. Netherlands. Norway, Paraguay.
Pers a, Salvador, Spain, Sweden,
Swil '.erku'.ih Venezuela
8. What other nations may join?
A Any self-governing State whi'ch
will a 'fee to the rules of the League.
■ rov'd.*d ti e Lea'."i i* accepts it.
9. What Ag.ncics wiil the League
hav ?
A. (1) An Assembly, compered of
represen :ttt Ives of all the
t ci ' er No ■ s, t,
(;M a <'n incil of .\';o,
('•) a Secretary ': "enl.
(1) a .v n !: ary Cot.'taV 'on to
lo I; :■ I col nil's. I ' c..
(a) a Pi" : JO 'll C -iiimis on, lo
n ''l;:* I y tpic • e: s.
(0) '' o S III.' I.' I iced ("I
I* s: s’i di as i ..*' I ‘or a
l i e-I I*. I'.,
(7) .Mat'.ila'arTa.
10 Wl’.at is a Mandatary?
A Some pne na'ion dcr lui'eil Iv
the Lei "■ eto attend to '.e wejf
“bin It will'd pc des red ' ng In eoien es
of ti e Ceti.ra' Et fares or n \c
lories taken from li" ;'' Th -> 's o ho
a “siiCtr l tn i." ami *n see. tin, >■
pmtiiTti'ari the v.-V is -if 'e in#
of the N ■ •;! In 11 ■'s i n shall lie tin;
piHiic'nal I'otia'dei'.i' on.
IV D:y i tlvj League mean a Grptr
nation?
A No It In'erferes 'n n*v ■ * *vt;'.
pny ffatli v.'s Sovor.'' tiiy except lo
limit its piiv.i rio ni nek iit' cr nat'ons.
12. Can any Nat.on withdraw wii.n
It wish' S?
A Yes The Longue is V!v‘.
and Co-opera'i\e. not coerc'd*.
13. Does the Lea w uej)ut Pwace aaovj
jus-tico an i ' o
A No II puis Lrason before Vio
lence.
14 Oo - no* tha l.raii'i* t-V- pv iy
the Core bitet onal right of Ccnjjr. oa to
dedtr? war?
A. No. T! <• 1.0a. , "i> enn !;■!'.• -• ■ war;
| Con I', ss .a! --'ti i '.'.'ar *
i 15 Do s it c'v(.troy tiir iioeroe Doc
trine? ,
A. Kxaetly the i'o**tr:*ry For r*ie
fi: si 1 1 1: u' n I ' :he o' her nations
] recrerni ci! '' :o'- e I* • ■trine; and
| extend it t- '• !'"• ".rid.
16 P' rit .;t i f r v/ith Tr-aty
Making r 'o. •• rs of United Gist s?
A. No !; Is !i ty We i-aii make
• nn . 'C, , . v V
17. V.Vald v/c havo had the Croat
War if .vc hr 1 b:i ' this ht;t' u<-?
A No T c i V a r -•* :ho world
over T.hh'i.nOO lives and 2 10 ODD 000 000
dollars.
1 R Of what importance is the
Lcn-rue?
A P is the rn a’os? deed of man*
i kind in the h’sior,' ■ the world,
i 19. Ha; not .vve.-.s a right to ob
ject to tic Lca_u 1
A. Yes. This is i ire- eomitry Any
one has a right to any opinion he
el mi scs
20. Why is th" League so bitte'ly
opposed by a f..w?
A. I'.ecans' tinforfimilel.v, any
Treaty or i, a t - ■ i ado l>y the
President an ' a l’r. s ■ is eliosott
by a p<ii‘i.|c:il i■ •! Many mom
| hors of ’he < • !' : •■;> ink they
luusi lively v. .a • • no lioes,
IIBS3 t£.i RCfl
ra rr.;m memorial
Battalion Maintained at Full
Strength Entirely by Volun
tary Enlistment
The bnttaliop of Maoris, New Zea
land aborigines, who fought in the Gal
lipoli campaign and afterward In
France, has been welcomed home with
a great feast, hokas (war dances) and
tang!, or lament for those who fell In
hatl le.
The acting prime minister, Sir
James Allen, told them: “You Maoris
hold a proud position. You have not
one conscript.” From the time of
Its formation early In the war the
Maori battalion was maintained at a
strength of 1,200 entirely by volun
tary enlistment.
Great quantities of mutton, beef,
pork and other food had been baked
in earthen ovens for the occasion.
About 2,000 Maoris in all shared in
this feast. There were several poi
(a native delicacy) dances.
The tangi was a scene of much
emotion. The soldiers sat by tribes
encircled by sorrowing natives. Led
by tiioie chiefs, the mornners grieved
with low, wailing chants for those
of their race who will never return.
All tin* treasured heirlooms of the
tribes had been brought from the safe
keeping for the welcome. There were
Jade ornaments, mats, chieftains’ head
dresses and beautiful kilts. The chiefs
j of the various tribes, in their speeches
j employed the -florid Fmith Sea lan
guage, after which there was a haka
! by the famous Arawa tribe and the
speech of welcome hv Sir James Allen.
j
BISHOP PITiES BEGGAR
Has Shelter Built for Legless Mendi
cant.
Taking pity on it legless mendicant,
who for many years lias occupied a
i place outside St. Barnabas cathedral,
i Nottingham, England, Doctor Dunn,
Catholic bishop of Nottingham, has
had part of the cathedral wall pulled
down ut il a recess constructed in
which the beggar can be sheltered
from the weather. The alcove pos
sesses doors, and the bishop has given
the keys tp the beggar.
The bishop’s act. telegraphs a Lon?
don correspondent, has caused much
commotion and interest in'the neigh*
borliood.
Children Cry
FOR FLETCHER'S
OASTO R I A

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