OCR Interpretation


Maryland free press. [volume] (Hagerstown [Md.]) 1862-18??, October 31, 1862, Image 5

Image and text provided by University of Maryland, College Park, MD

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026707/1862-10-31/ed-1/seq-5/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

THIS FltOS.
Of all the funniest things that live,
la woodland, marab, or hog.
That creep the ground, or fly the air, J
The funniest Is the frog!
The fiog—the scientlflcest
Of Nature's handy-work;
The frog that neither walks er run. o ,
Bat "goes It" with s Jerk.
With pants snd coat of bottle-green,
▲ yellow fancy vest,
Me p'unges Into mud and m're
All in his Sunday's best.
When he sits down he's standing up
(As Paddy <ninn once paid:)
And, for convenience sake, he weave
Hi# eyes a:op hit head.
Tou #e him sitting on a log,
Above the "vasty deep;"
Ton feel inclined to say—* Old chap,
Just leek before you leap!"
Tou raise your ceoe to hit him ex
His uglj-!o k ng mug,
But ere jou get it half way ep
Adowo he joea—"Ker-chug."
RHYXI.XO TV MEETING —Old Dr. Strong of
Hertford, whose name is still e praise in the
churches, had an unfortunate habit of saying
amusing things when he meant it not so—at when
he was presiding In a meeting of ministers, and
wishing to call on one of tbem to come forward
and offer prayer, he sale;
" Frothsr Col ton,
Of 80l on.
Will you rtep th's way,
And p-ajl"
To whfeh Mr. Colton immediately answered,
without Intending to perpetrate anything of the
same aortr
" My dear brother Ftiong,
Tou do verv wrong, w
To be making a rb) pie,
At such a solrmn time."
And then Dr. Strong added:
41 I'm very sorry to see
Tbat you're just like me."
The good men would not, for the world, have
made jests on such an occasion; but they could
plead the same excuse for their rhymes that the
boy did for whistling in scoot 1: "I didn't whistle,
sir; it whistled it elf!"
'oVgriculhtral Department.
i gricultu-e <• t"-e moit Healthful. th nn Un- tu\
ton N*™. Euploym.Lt of Man.—D'aMing.
** Communication! upun Agricultural tub
act. will b. thankfully received.
[Frcm tho Cultivator.]
HOW TO RAISE: SHEEP PROFITABLY.
Wall aa wool is up and a great many inquiries
are made as to how to tnako the most wool and
mutton, I will say that ray plan would ba to put
from three to five good Cotewold bucke with on*-
hundred ewes end let them run with the eafes all
the time. Let them bare flood blue prase, timo
thy, clorcr, or any other kind of press ; let tbim
hare plenty of pood water and will sa'ted. In
addition I would say, about the last of Vor. or
first of Dee., early erery morning I would pire
them half an ear corn each, tho cars broke in two
and scattered about on tbo grass so that they ai|
can get to it, as they-will pick erery grain np ex
cept noddy or rainy mornings. I would continue
the feeding nntil spring. You will find that it
will pay, both in wool and mutton. At tbe be
ginning of winter I would hare ehelter of some
kind near my house, so that tbe weak lambs coold
be cared for. If there ahould bo any weak eves
with twin lambs, hare a lot of early rye or wheat
and turn them Into it, and gire them corn and
abetter aa tbe others hare. The lots should be or
blue grass or timothy so that they would ba dry
and eomfortablo for them to aleep on during the
night cxeept it abould be raining or snowing, then
put thesa under ahalta r. During eery cold dry
windy weather, gire plenty hay and oats in the
atraw. If yon hare no bay, oats, Ac., good
wheat straw, or rye, or oat straw will do very
well, as they will eat it in cold dry weather, but
iu wet rainy weather they will not touch it. De
sure that in cUd dry days they bare water erery
day.
The heep should bo turned out of the lot. they
Stay iu of nights, into an arijdoinj blue grass
pssture, and brought up erery night. By hav- !
lug a few bells on them they will soon learn to
come up themselves to their lots.
My plan for shelters would be to have a plank
fence or post and rail, on the north side of the
lots they stay in of n'ghta. Then I would set up
•oinmon rails ten or twelve feet long, one end on
the ground and tbe other extending to the lop of
tte fence; then take cornstalk fodder, commence
at the bottom and go up like the roof of a house ;
make it three or four feet thick, and it will keep
aa well as shocks in the held, and will do to feed
out in rprirg to cattle.
I would say thia plan fully carried out, would
bring two litters of lambs every year, and would
he as good as one litter eath year, and I tbiok you
would hare more twin lambs every time and be
aa apt to raise them and your sheep better from
the care in keeping. Try it.
Now for my experience for a few years back.
Since I hare been keeping two or three bucks, I
fonnd some v.f my ewes bad two litters a year,
and th.y Increase more eyary year, and last year
the moat of my flock bad tbeir two litter., and
they apptar to do aa well and grow as well a>
when they had but oue litter a year. If I am
oorrect, thia will be a fast way of getting along
with sheep. I would say that to commence, I
would aa soon bare one half good healthy mnun
tain ewes, as I fiod tbey have the eailiest lambs.
I think the Cotswold would be more likely to
bring this result than any other, a. 1 think tbey
are a hardy race of sheep, producing more wool
and mutton than any other that I know of, and 1
think more prcliflc. I notico my thrifty ewes
very often take the buck from 8 to 10 days after
dropping their lambs, and tho lambs are coming
At all seasonsof tbe year.
KENTUCKY FARMER
[Frtm tho Country Grnt'emau ]
BEST MODE OF SEEDIRU A\'D WIN.
TEEING CAITLE.
I here (men much interested lately, in reeding
the artielee in your columns on tbe enbject ol
wintering and feeding cettie. My own practice
differing somewhat from your correspondents, I
give it to you for wbat it ia worth, and no more.
Your excellent Geneva correspondent, John
Johnston, gives a decided preference to yard
feeding, with emple shedding, over liable or stall
feeding, foi tbe reeson eh i< fly ol economy o labor
and this, fortified by bia long experience and suc
cess, entitles hia opinion to grant weight. 1 do
aot propose to controvert this opinion, but rather
to commend hie si item of ample (bedding and
warm bedding to ail who aapire to ha good far
mere.
lly own experience, although not provided with
as extensive end comfortable sheds and bedding
as Mr. J. recommends, is the reverie of bis. For
several years 1 tried to fatten cattle in tbe yard,
tbe eattle going under sheds, (considersbly less,
however, tban thlrty-eix feet wide,) and roaming
tbe yard at pleasure, with free access to water ;
but the result was not eatlefeetory. I do not
aver that every other prerequisite, such as regu
larity in feeding. Moie attention to appetite, and
careful watching to prevent tbe stronger and
most voracious from driving tbe weaker and more
timid from tbeir feed, vai faitj attended to.—
Perhaps not ; bat I attributed mjr want ofsaccess
to having adopted a which was liable to,
and tended to those verj errors and neglects.—
Had these cattle been tied up in the stalls in tbe
stable, tbeir oonfiaeieent of itself would have im
posed watchfulness and attention as a ncceuity
upon tbe herdsmsn, whereas their freedom in the
yard, with perhaps access to some food, rendered
clou and punctual attention less absolutely ne
cessary, and habits of irregularity, postponement
and neglect are in many instances too spt to be
the consequence. This is the theory of my fail
art in yard feeding. It may not be, and 1 hope
is not tree and applicable to all farmers and feed
ers. It oertainly is not to Mr. Johnston. 11 J i'
a roan of indastry, system and punctual! y.—
These important qualities are unfortuoatily found
io but few who aspire to follow him in the iropor
tant profession which he so conspicuously elevates
by both precept and example. 1 therefore advo
cate a system which from its nature renders abso
lute and imperative tbe cultivation of habila < f
industry and punctuality as tbe price of success,
or inhumanity and disgrace as the penalty of be
gleet. .
For tbe last six years, having previously failed
in yard-feeding, i built another stable for my
cows, and appropriated my cow stable, under a
large . verj-cting b ro, to my feeding bullocks.—
My practice is, towards the clote of the grazing
season, to leed a lit.le meal oneea day in the H id
to tbe fattening oattle. From tbe Ist to tbe 15 h
or 20ih Nov., according to the eeuofi, my fat or
graced catiie are brought io tbe stable aod titd
up in the stall at night, and fed at first soit corn
or nubbins and hay, alternated occasionally with
fodder. When apples are abundant, 1 prefer to
•tart them upon de ured or rotten apples mixed
with tbeir chop, con posed of wheat chaff snd
meal (corn and cob cruthed.) This opens the
bowels, aud puts the cattle iu what the neid>meu
o*ll a good suftenir g condition—the skin becomes
loose aud gl'tsy, w heu tbe feeder IttU e oouraged
aod awund be has gained an important poiut.—
A well grazed bullock brought to this condition,
may b* fed with pr< lit ; a lean steer cannot iu
my judg nent be fattened in winter on grain with
out loss. My cattle thus conditioned, are k< pt
in a stall constantly,gxcept for an hour or two
a ter th ir mid day feed, when they are let out
for exercise and water.
1c will thus be IMQ that my eattla gat water
but occa a day. Ibis lam aware ia contrary to
the generally received opinion- ot the necessity
and importance ot fnqumt watering, but au ex
perience of six yenrs has convinced me that in
winter season, cattle will thrive and fatten with
water but once a day, when their feed is all dry*
vz: mval, hay and fodder. In this way 1 bare
brought cattle that would not sell tor more than
thirty live or forty dollars from grass, up to sixty
five and seventy dollars by the February mailed.
Toe system of stable etding over yaid feeding
has this advantage. First it impof ths nc*< miry
of attention. Your cattle must be watched—
like the Dutch baker, who being asked the secret
of his success in baking good bread, laconically
replied, ' I watch hiin." Secondly, it conduces
to repose and quietude, the very condition ino>t
favorable to the secretion of fat. Thirdly, "ach
animal can consume without molestation and fear
his own lond ; aud fourthly, it gives the bercs
man a b tier opportunity to watch the sppe its
and condition of each bollock, and thus to in
create or diminish bis fod accordingly—or a
change of food when necessary. Should you
deem the above worthy a place in your valuable
weekly, it is at your service. The writing of it
serves to direct me from this horrible din of war,
raging within sound of my feeding sdfes for the
last ten or twelve months. When shall this awful
roar of cannon ceaae, and we aga n learn to love
and instruct each other in the arts of peace,
plenty and prosperity T
A MARYLABD FARMER.
"THE LIGHT WITHIN."
The sun had nearly sunk behind the hills, leav
ing the valley in sombre tfaadow, as f to w rn t! e
travelle. that night came early tbevedark Decern
her days ; but Alice Lee sat weeping beside a stile
at the road side, regardless of the gathering gloom,
only now and then looking helplessly at a bundle
of sticks that lay beside her. How ioDg she in
tended to sit there no one knows, but soon a rust
ling noise was beaid in the wood she bad ju l
pjssed tbrougb, and a girl about ber own age
oUmbc-red over the stile with a beavy burden ol
slicks on ber buck.
"Why, Alice 1" she cried, "how can you sit
there in the cold 7 You'll be frozen to death 1"
"And who would care V said Alice.
"I would," replied her friend, laughingly ;
"and you would'nt much like it yourself eituot ;
so come, cheer up, and let us sue who will be tint
home."
But Alice was too sullon to be persuaded, and
at last Ellen Wilson went on ber way moru quick
ly tban before, to make up lor lost time. Alice
sat watcbiug ber retreating figure until a turu in
the road bid ber frog) view ; tben slowly raising
ber own bundle, sbe began to walk in tbe same
direction, but very slo.\ly, and still weeping bit
terly.
The road atretched along the vallej, and both
tbe girls were making towards two cottages wb.oh
stood apart Iroin tbe vil.age, and a good way up
the bill ; but the difference was great between
tbe two children wbo were thus following tbe a*tne
path to bomcs tbat seemed o mucti alike, limb
were very poor, and neither bad wbat could be
called a happy borne ; but tbe one lovvU Oud, and
tbe other knew t)iq> not ; or in other words, ibe
one was happy, and tbe other was miserable.—
Alice had never tell tbe contract between beiacll
aud B.len jo strongiy as tuis u<gut, and sQe was
inwaidiy wishing t>De kutw wbat Ellen's secret
was, when some one, wbo had hceu walking much
more rapidly than beiseli, urew near, and ehe wc
joined Uy a kind lnuking eldtily geutkuiau. lie
atked ber why tbe was crying; and wbtn be
tuid biin btcatiie sbe was cuid, and
was atraid that ber mother would scold ber wbeu
sbe It ached home, be looked very sorry <or bei,
but said be did uot tbiuk crying sou la do su)
good. "J am atraid, little girl," bo uctued, "thai
)uu don't know how to be happy."
"1 am not always crying, sir," said Alice.
'*l daresay not," be replied, with a kindsuiile ;
"but it is one thing to be sometime* merry, and
quite another thing to be always happy."
"Always happy I"—tbe words sounded very
strange to the wearied child. "X woulu like to be
always happy, sir," sbe said.
"N ne are happy on earth," be answered, "ex
cepting those wbo love God, and tbe End Jesus,
wbo died to save us. This makes tbcm contented
with their lot in tbe world, whatever it may be,
because it is God's choice for thein. Do you see
those two cottages bigb up on the bill-side?"
"Yes air," said Alice ; "we 1 ve iu ooe, and
Eileti WiL-on and ber father live in tbe other."
"Well," be said, "as X came along the valley
this evening your cottages were quite blight iu
tbe beams of tbe setting un ; but as it weut down,
tbey giew darker and darker, till I could scat ceij
bod tbeut out on tbe bill-side. But now, don't
you see bow bright one of them is again ? Can
i )ou tell me tbe reason of ibis?"
| "Tbore is a light within, sir," said ▲lice.—
I ''Ellen has got home, and sbe has kinuled tbe
| flr. ?"
| "Ye.," be uitl, "that ii it; tbere ie a light
within 1 And so it le with ourselTe., whether old
or young. It is easy to look bright when the sun
Is shining outside ; but when dai koesa and trou
ble come, then we envy those who have a -igtt
within. And mark this, my child, tbe only light
lor these dark, sinful bearta ot ouis is tbe love ot
Jesus, and the sweet spirit of contentment which
this love always brings with it."
Here be stopped, lor ha road now lay io ao op
posite direction ; but he gave Alice a little hymn
book, and told her to keep it iu remembrance of
an old friend wbc prayed tbat Uod would bim ell
teach her the only way to be happy both here
tad hereafter.
Alice meat on, pondering over tbe strange words
•be bad heaid. rihe paused at the Wilsons' cot
tage, and watched her irieud Ellen busily engsgtd
iu making ail tidy belore her lather's return.—
"On," sue thought, "I am sure that E.len has
tbe light that the gentleman spoke of, because she
levts God, and that will he why abe is happy,
while lam miserable." But she bad no time tor
lui ther thought, tor she heard the aagry voice ol
her mother screaming, "Come aloug, you idle,
little vagabond, or I'll ne it 1 can: make you
walk smarter 1"
I'oor Alice-hastened on with her burden, but
did not escape an angry blow as she eu e.edibc
collate. The sticko would not burn, thejr obiy
eiliuUldertd among tbe embers, tor they had b.tn
gathered hour tne nearest aud dampest corner ol
the wood; aud alter a iiesh torrent ot abuse, tLe
poor child wai sent supperices to bed. Cine lay
abivoiing on her straw ;a.ut, thinking that she
could never sleep, and teeliug tbat all was very
dark bo b without and withru-
But coitdreo do nut otteu lib awake even when
cold and hungry ; ao Alice leli asleep, aud she
dreamid a dream. 9
Sue tftneitd it was day, and time for her to take
Nancy, the cow, to the hill aide ; but when she
i eaubed the door, there was scarcely any light
coining trow the sun, lor a dark shadow seemed
over it, and there was a mysterious chill in the
air, just as she remembered feeling when there
had been a wotiderl 1 eclipse.
"Mother 1 mother 1" she cried, running into
the cottage sgaiu, "why te it so dark ?"
"DAIk 1" repeated hernotbei, "and the sun
shining so bright. You're not awake yet, or
you're blind, or idle, and that's more like to be
toe way ot it. Get tp your wink, child, or I'll
give you a beating that'll make you sdb right."
Alice did uot wait a second bidding ; but as she
went out again, she met several people, and w tun
she spoke *o them ot the dark ue*a, sue saw that
lUrj only wondered, and thought that she was
bliud ; but t eie Was an unusual stir iu the \V tl
sons' cottage,so aha turned in mere. Eilen stood
with her Utile buuiietand hood on, and a small
bunulo and lantern la her hand.
"Ou I Ellen," she said, "where are you going?"
Ellen looked as if surprised at the question. "1
canuot stay b*re," she aid ; * this place is too
dsik ; iam going to the beautiful country you
have heai d about, that needs neither the ssu nor
the moon io lighten it."
Alice asked, "Are you going alone ?*'
"Oa, no I" said Ellen, "that would never do.—
I have a Irieud with me, though you canuot aee
him ami he has prouiiecd to take tuesaieiy there."
Alice a.ked ii it would be a lo.g journey. "1
am uot sute," Elite replied ; "but it is a pleae-
SJI load, aud j ou sec what a bi igut light 1 have."
&Le held up the lautero, aud Alice read iu gol
dju letters ail round it, "lby word is a lamp
unto my leet, auu a light unto my path."
"Father is going to follow me," continued
Elieu, "and you must come too; but I have re
lime to wait lor you."
do the tiiiniuid her little lamp afresh, and left
her home.
Alice watched ber as she hasteaeJ oa through
a i ugged dtfile auMf>g the bills eouieHints He
road iuokvd very i tugh, a<>we;iujeariaoolUer again
but she iw that the light, which had burned
d.uily among the togs of tbe valley, grew blight
er and brighter as Eien ascended tbe hill, till it
threw quite a glory over tbe pathway and IOUO-.
her little figure ; and Alice could sea that the
way was covered with golden inscriptions. Une
was, "Her ways are ways of plessauiucss, and
all her paths are peace another was, "This ii
tne way, Walk ye in it." Baitbe one that pleated
A lies best was this, "The path of the just is ao
. be fchiuing lig* t that ehirtib more and more unto
the peifect day." She gazed and gz*d upon tie
glittering words until she lorgot to luck any more
at Ellen. At last rbe seemed to bear cou.used
noise*, and dreamed somsibing about a thunder
st >rm, till awukeno 1 by a vio.ent shaking tiom
h?r mother, and a storm of angry, reproach for
having slept so long.
The poor child rose in a moment, and hastened
t) bcr morning work ; but though ber diaatn was
gone, its pleasant memory remained. She eager
ly tolJ it all to E Its, and said she thought it
meant something like the "Pilgrim's Progress,"
but asked if it would cot mean tbat Ellen was to
die soon. Ellen smiled, apd said,
"Perhaps it means rliat 1 have begun a pilgrim
age to heaveu, l.ke Übridial." .1 * '1
"And vt ho is your triend?" asked Alice.
"That must uicao Je us," said Ellen ; "and
you know be has promised never to leave any thai
come to him."
' Hull can't love Jesus J" exclaimed Alice.—
•T can't love him when 1 have not seen hips, auu
wnen be makes me so poor aud wretched."
"I used to think all that," said Ellen. "Moth
er used to tell mo a great deal out of the Bible,
bat I did not care lor it till she was dead. Then,
one night when my father was drm.k, ho bsat n.e
till I ran out of the house cry iLg, and I thought,
'What a miserable, miserable world this is!'
Then 1 remembered how Jesus had left bis tbione
to come into this very world, aud to suffer and
die tor us ; and it seemed such woudeifut love I
I aiioot te|l bow irondvr ul it seemed. And
mother had bade nie ask God iyr help ; so I acktd
htm then, and it makes me sobappy to have learn
od to pray Sow, when father beats me, J can
bear it better, and sometimes I have such swet
thoug-its 1"
''What kind of thongttrf l ' said Alice.
"1 think," she said, "that heaven is my re*]
house, wlktu JetU., and tbe angels, and my
mother are ; aud that this is only a school where
G *d is giving me some bara lessons to learn for
bis sake."
II w Alico wished tbat night tbat sue might
dream her beautiful dream again ! But though
it would not return at her bidding, it was never
forgot en ; for tbe tell as if all ber life till now
bad been a dream, and that she had newly aw*
keuod to see why she had come into this world
aud to bear of the glorious inheritance tbatojigh.
jet bs hers.
The true ligtt bad shone into her heart, and
eveu her mother wondered at the change, which
she could not understand. Ellen rej >iced, and noi
a few saw that another little pilgrim bad left tbe
b oad for the narrow way, apd was seeking a
"b.rtter country, that in an heavenly."
now MUCH WILL FILL A PlG.— The
Ly mi News, Lto be held entiiely rt-soonsible
for the following : " A neighbor of ours was
trying to convince another neighbor that it
WHS better to buy large pigs in the Bioing thnn
small ones, as the former wonld eat little more.
One of his reasons was the following; Last
8p ing [ bought a little pig from a drover,
and ho was good for eating Out wouldn't grow
much He got so after a week or two, that he
would eat a bucketful at a time, and then, like
Oliver Twist, call for more Well one morn
ing I carried ont a water bucket full of dough,
And after he bad swallowed it all, I picked up
the pig and put him in the same backet f bad
fed him from, and the little varmint didn't Jtll
it hiTf up."
Look en This Picture.
Let those whose policy it Is to liberate and put
arms Into the bands of 3,600 000 negro slaves—
those who have pledged the faith of the govern
ment that there shall be co restraint put upon
them in any effort tbey may make to gain their
freedom—let the bloodthirsty abolitionists con
jtemplate the picture presented to tbein in the
lollowing narrative, and shudder at the horrors
tbey propose to re-enact.
MASSACRE OF THE WHITES BY THE NE
GH>ES Or ST. DOM NUO.
"The bloodiest p cture in the Book of Time/'
TUC IIASIACKI CoMMShCaO.
It was on the morning of the '23 dof August,
179), Just be!ore day, tnat a general alarm apd
consternation spread throughout the town ot the
Cape. The inhabitants wero called from theii
beds by persons who reported that all the n*gro
slaves io the several neighboring parishes bad re
volted, and wete at tbat mouieui carrying death
and desolation over the adjoining laige and beau
tiful plain to the noith. Tte Governor aud mo
ot the military flic era on duty Sfcatinbled to
gether, tut the reports were ao contused and ci n
iradictory ss to gain but little credit. Aa day
light began to break, the sudden and aucccsswe
arrival, with ghastly couotenanois, ot persoLS
who bad with dfli.uliy escaped the uiassscie,
and fi <wn to the town for protection, Drought at
dreauiui cot ii uiauou ot tbu fatal tidings.
The rebellion first broke out on a plantation
cailed Noe, in the parish of Acul, nine tniles only
fnm the city. Twelve or touitetnoi the ring*
leaders, about tbe middle of the night, proceeded
to the nfljeij or sagfr-honse, and seizad on a
uiau, tbe refiuer's apprentice, dragged him to the
Irout ot the dwelling house, aud there hewtd
him into pieces with their cutlass?*; bis screams*
Drought cut tbe overseer, wbojn lUty lnsiauliy
shot. Tbe rebels now found their way to the
apartment of tbe refiner, and massacred him in
bis bed. A young man ly ing sick in his ch HU )er
| was >eit appartutly ded of the wounds inflicted
ry their cutlasses, lie bad strength enough,
' however, to crawl to tbe next plantation and ro
late tbe hoiroia be bad witnessed, lie reported
that ail tbe whiles of the estate wh.cb he had
let ware murdered, except only the surgeon,
whom tbe rebels bad compelled to accompany
thsm, on tbe idea that they might stand in need
ot his professional ailistance. Aiaimed by this
intelligence, the persons to wboin it was commu
nicated immediately sought their safety in
fl.ght.
The revolters (consisting now of all tbe slarej
belonging to that plantation) proceeded to tbe
house ot Mr. Clement, by whose negroes they
"tie immediately joined, and both he and bis re
tiner were massacred. The muidercr of Mr.
Clement was bis own postillion, (coachman,) a
man to whom he had alwa; s shown great kind
ness. The othtr white people on this estate con
trived to make their escape.
At cLis juncture the negroes on the estate of M.
Faville, a few miles distant, likewise rose and
ojurdHiad fire white person.I*, 1 *, one ot wbini {the
attorney lor the estate) had a wile and three
daughters. These unfortunate women, while lin
ploiiog for mercy of the savegcs on thtir knees,
beheld tneir husband and lather uiuidered Oelo.'e
their laoes. For themselves, they were devoted
to a more horrid fata, and wero carried away
captives by the assassins.
The approach of daylight served only to dis
cover the sights ot horror. It was now apparent
that that the negrota of all the cstatte in tie
plain acted in concert, and a general massacre of
of the whites took place in every quarter. On
some few estate#, indeed,- the lives ol the worm n
were sparedj but they were reserved only to
gratify the rutal appetites of the r lili me, rd
it is shocking to relato that many of them ruf
fe red violation on the dead bodies of their bus
hands and lathert!
TUB STAN DAK® CP TUB NCO HOT B—TIB BODY OF A
WHITR INFANT.
In the town itsolf the genorel bt lief for some
time was that the revolt was by no means as ex
torsive, but a sudden and partial insurrection
only. The largest sugar plantation on the plsins
W4 s that of MODS. (ialJifet, situated ~bout eight
tn.les fiom tho town, the negroes belonging to
wbicb bad always been treated with such kind
nes and liberality, and possessed so many advan
tages, that it became a proveibisl expression
'itnong the lower white people, in spvskiug of ar y
ma-i's good fortune, to say, %l est hturtux an nryre
Ut Qalii/et, (be is as hippy as one ol Uallifet's
n grots. MOM. Odeluc, the attorney or agent
for this plantation, was a meubcr of th General
Asieuib y, and being lully per uaded that the ne
grots belonging to it wou d it main lirin in their
obedience, ueiei mined to repair thither to en
courage thsui iu opposing the insurgents, to
which end be desired the assistance of a few sol
diere from the town guard, which WAS granted
nun. lie proceeded accordiugly, but, on ap
proaching the estate, to his surprise and grie', he
loßud all the negroes in at uia uu the aide of the
rebels, and (horrid to.1:111) their atuxoUrd was
the body of aw hite infant, w Inch they had re
cently impaled on a atske. Alons. OJtluo bad
advanced too far to leneat undiscovered, and
both be and his Iriend who accompanied him,
with most of the soldiers, were kihed without
mercy. Two or lime of the patrol escaped by
Uight, and conveyed the dread ui tidings to the
j inhabitanu ol the t< wn.
MAN.-IONI AND CAN ■ FIELD! SET OK VI HE.
By this time, all or most ol the white persons
hid been tound on several plantations, and bring
I massacred or Jorctd to seek their s fety iu flight,
the luihins txcuauged the tword f r ibe torch
i ibe buildings and cane fields were everywhere
| set on fl.e, and the coiflagrationF, which were
I visible trom the town in a thousand difi'eient
i quarters, tumuled a prorptct jnoie shocking ai.d
| reflections mor di msl than lanoy can paint or
j the poweis ol man da.cube.
Consternation and tenor now took possession
of every mind, and the ten BUIS of tbu wiunm
aud children ruuumg tioin dour to door Lightened
the horrors of the ectne. Ail the citizens look up
anns, and the General Assembly Tested the GOT
ernor with the cotntuaLd ot (be National Guard,
requesting him to give sucn orders as tbe urgen
cy of tbe cr.se seemed to demand. Cue 01 tbe
ti et measures was to send tbe white women aid
Ouil rep ou boaid tbe ships in the bat bwr, rery
seri- us appiebeosiuns being entertained Concern
mg the domestic negroes wiibiu tbe town; a
great proportion ot tbe ailest men among tbeni
n ere liktwice sent on shipboard and closely
guarded.
There still remained in the city a considerate#
body of free mulatioea, who had not tnk .n, or a
Ituiml aot to take, auv pin tiu ihe dispuus be
t.veen their breibieu of o.nor and the white in
habitants. Their situation was extremely criti
cal, tor tbe lower class .of whites, coutidering
the 01 uI at toes as the immediate aut ors ol there
bellion, marked them for destruction; and the
whole number in tbe town would undoubtedly
have been murdered without scruple, had uot
the OoTeruor and the Colonial Assembly rigor
ously interposed and taken tbein uuder their im
mediate protection* Grateful for this interp.isi*
tion in their laror, (perhaps not thinking their
liret otherwise secure,) all tbe abU meo among
them ofl'ored to march immediati ly against t v
rebels, and to leara their wi*e and children as
hostages for their fidelity. Their offer was ac
oepted, and they were enrolled in different com
panies 01 the militia.
▲ VAIII ATTEMPT TO fOT DOWJf THE XBQKOXS.
The Assemb y continued their delibiratl ns
thio ighout tho night, amid tbe glare < f sur
rounding conflagrations. The inhabitants beirg
strengthened by a number of seamen from the
ships, and brought into some degree of order ard
military subordination, were nour desiroua that a
detachment should be eeut out to attack the
strongest body of the revoltera. Ordera were
given accordingly, and Mons. de louxard, an
(fficer who had distinguished himalf in tLe
United States ferric*, took the command of a
party of militia and ihetroopaof the lioe. With
these be marched te the plaota ion of klona. Li
tour, and attacked a body of about four thousand
of the rebel negroes. Many were deatioyed, bat
to little purpose) for Touxird, hading the num
ber of revulters to increase to more than a ceo
tuple proportion of their losses, was at length
lorced to retreat. The Governor, by tha advice
of the Assembly, now dtUTj:aed to act for some
time solely on the defensive; and, aa it was eveiy
moment to be apprehended ibat the revolters
would pour down upon the town, all tha rx<ad*
and posses leading into it were for tilled. At the
sdinu time au embargo was laid on all the t hipping
in the harbor—a measure of indispensable neces
sity, calculated as well to o.tain the aiaiutantp
of toe seamen a< to secure a retreat lor the in*
hatmaLte in the last extremity.
To Sat h 01 tLe distant parishes as were open
to communication, tilber by land or by tea, no
t.ce of tbe revolt had been transmit ed within g
few hours after advice of It was received at the
Cape, and tbe white inhabitants of many of those
pmichea bad therefore found time to establish
ceil); a, and form a cbaio of posts, which, tor a
short time, set-mid to prevent the reb lliou from
spreading beyond the northern province. Two
of these camps were, however, attacked by tha
negroes—who were here opeply jointd by the
mulaltoea—and forced wi f h great slaughter. At
Loudon tbe whites maintained the contilt for
Seven burs, but were overpowered by the infin
ite -tiapariiy of numbers, and compelled to give
way, with the loss of upwards of one hundred of
their body. Tbe survivors took rtfuge in the
Spanish territory.
These two districts therefore—the whole of tbe
rich and extensive plain of the Capo—together
with the contiguous mountains, wore now wholly,
abanooned to tbe ravages of the enemy, and the
cruel i*s wb ch they on such of the
miserable whites as fell into their hands cannot be
remembered without horror, nor reported in
terms strong enough t # J convey a proper id ja of
their atrocity.
tub noaaoas meat in—vrntTi mix iawkd
ASUK9BU.
They aeiz d Mr. Blen, an officer of the policr,
and having nailed him alive to one of the gates
o his plantation, chopped of! bis limbs, one by
one, with an %.
A poor man named Roberts, a carpenter by
trade, endeavored to conceal himielf from the no
tice of tbe rebels, was discovered in Lis biding
place. Tbe savages declared that be should die in
tbe way of his oecupation. Accordingly the;
bound him between two boards, ai/d deliberately
sawtd him at under.
Monaitur Cardiotau, a planter ol Grand Hi
viere, had two natural tons by a black w- man ,
U bad manumitted them in iular.c.), and bred
them up with great tenderness. Tb \ bulb joined
in the revolt—and when tbeir father attempted
to d.vert them fro® their purpose by soothing
language and pecuniary consideration, tbey took
bis money at d then stabbed kirn to tbe heart.
Ail tbe white, and even the inulatie children
whose lathers bad not joined in tbu revolt, wire
murdered without exception, friqushtlj before
tbe jfS o" clinging U> the befouis of tbeir mo
titers. Your.g women ol all ranks were first viu '
latid bo a a hole troop of barbarians, and then
generully put to death. S-meof iheui were it - ;
deed reserved lor tbe further graiitimtion of the j
lust of tbe savog'.s, and oth.r* bad tbeir eye: l
•cooped out with a kaife.
DAUGHTERS RAVISHED IN TUB fCESFNCK Cf TUtIK
FATHras.
In the parish of Limbe, at a place called the j
Great Ilayine, a venerable planter, the lather of J
two beautiful young ladies, was ied down b>
savage ringleader of a bard, who ravi. hod his!
eldest daughter in bis pm-nce, and deliver*d ;
over tbe other to one of hia followers. Tfeir
parslons bring eati*6ed, they muideted bulb tbe j
lather and the dsoghteis.
In tbe h< q Jenttkiruiishts between the foragirg
parties sent *ut by tbe uegi oee (w ho a'ter bavin*: ;
burmd every' Ling, w* re is scarcity of provision*.) J
and the whites, (he rebels seldom stood their
ground longt-r than to receive and return or e
ringte volley; but they appt arid again the nxt
djy, and though tbey were drivun out o: iht.r
inertuchmentH with inhi.Lo slaughter, }et then
numbeis seemed not to dituinifb. As soon s one
body was cut oil* anoth r appeared, and thus tb< y
succeeded in harraiMog and dcctro}iQg tbt
wbi'es by perpetual fatigue, and reducing the
country to a detert.
TWO TIIOCfAKP FETS"SS * I'SACaKD.
To detail the various coi.fi ctf, fkii tnlshei, tr.as
sscit-s and sceoes of situghier which this ex tr
tuiuating war pioduced, were t olf?r a disgu*i
tng and Jrigbiful picture—a c Diminution of bur
r-is, wbereiu we should behold cruelties un-xam
pled in the annals of mankind; h--mvn blo< d
piured foitb in torrent:; the earth clacks eo
with ashes, and the air tainted wi b peitl em- •
It was computed that within two montbs alltr
the revolt first began, upward of two tbous.uiu
white per*on.-, of all couuitious, hid been maasi
c et'j ibi.t oue Kut.dred and - igbty sugar plautv
ioi a, ur.d about Tiiue hundnd c ff e, cot'on, at d
ind go scttlcmints had been desti ny<d— he bu.ld
i gs thereon being ennaum d by fbo—and twelve
hmdied Christian families Tecuced from opu
lence to sucb a state of misery as to. depend aho
geib. r lor tbeir clothing and sustenance on pub
lic and private "barityl O ibe insurgents it wes
ro k>ned that upward ol' ten thousand bad ; cr
ibbed by tbe sword or by famine, and some bu •
drpds by tbe bapd of the Xvtuttonei!
Dka T n OF a Koran frectiLAToß.—Tbe death of
John U. Mlenberger, at St. Louie, recalls to mind
his former career in tbia part of the country,
where he must be remembered a9 one of the bold
est operators and most hospitable of mei. A:
one time be joined Nicholas Did J a in a cotton
• ptouUlitin, in which they cleared $3,000.090, —
Alterwsrda be attempted to buy up all tne beet
iu tbe country aid monopolize the market, bui
was defeated by New Yotk and Pniladrlphi*
dealers, and be was ruined. He then went to
California, and, after experiencing tbe various
fortunes of a large speculator, he be'eame reduo d.
and went to St. Louis tt the time Fremont arr.-
ved, ben g sini by a party of bant' eontraotora at
S2OO per month. In a short tim ihe was abandon
ed, and lie died in extreme indigence. At one
time he owned a large irts'est in Uiddlu's bank,
and could check for SIOO,OOO at a time. Ha was
a man of noble character, stately urein, and cie
gaat bearing.— Nfo fork Sum.
Kuit'.Rs of run f usis.—N <c long siuoe, a dart
ford lit urspaper. noticing the do alb of an editor,
aa.is ; ''He was a bigh-irt'ncUd gentlemi D," of
courts it should bare read high mindtii. Another
paper rajs ; "The people ot India live chitfly ~n
aster," instead of rise. Shortly after tbe eltctmr,
a newspaper of the deieated par y intended to
say: "Wa are linked like a band of brothers;
but tbe typis ware wrong, and said ''we aia
licked*' etc. A Mirsouri paper informs its lead
ers that tbe wife crop of Gasconade county was
H6.000 gals; but before bachelors could profit by
moh a fine opportunity, the mitUke was correo
ted by putting trine in place of wift).
A correspondent of theßcw York Times, la 4
letter dated, Centre 21, says;
No lerson abn bss bad any excellence la Se*
e<ssi#, rupposcs for a moment that (be rebels [esq
ever be starved out, as tome persons predict while
seated about their comforb b'e fir aides in See
York; True, the Rebels are oat ©t coffee, tea,
salt, sngar and other concomitants which gi t-u
mnke a meal of victuals attractiv ; but uf beef,
bread, pork, corn, bears and all the sub.tantiali,
they have an abundance. in fact tbetrmy of tb#
Union b becm protecting this kind cf proper j
for the ribtl
that Virginia is a barren waste. Asiy fmm the
track i f the two armies the crops are as large ai.4
the fame! a as prosperous, to all outward eppesr,
ar.ee, as they were before the war.
I have ileited during the last two weeks, all of
the principal localities in the valleys formed by
the Bull Kuo and Blue Ridge mountains—travel
ing for the most part with small forces over uu*
fn quentcd rontes. To cnc who baa heretofjrp
formed an opinion of the condition of affiirs la
Virginia, by following the worn-out track of the
grades, the change in the appearance of every*
tiling forma a rtrnai kable contrast. The valley to
which I have referred is one of the richest grating
8 ctions of the 8 ate. The hills are covered with
citth', and stack* of bsy ac.d fodder are every
whePe conspicuous. Large fl >eka of sheep browse
on the side hills, and (he woods and farm yards
are tilled with swi. e. Corn, wheat and oats fill
the granaries to ofelfl-iviog, and instead of thai 9
btiug any indication cf the people starving, they
are, on the contrary, sleek and tat, and talk trea
son b ldly. In this one valley alone an immense
crop of meat *Ld cereals hce been and w now be
ing raised for the rebel army. General Lee, it It
weil understood here, hi only holding out at Win
chester until he catf send South the immense pro*
ducts 01 the valley 01 ibe Shenandoah and its sister
valleys, and then he will bave no further use for
his pre*ent position. For the last few weeks the
rtbel !uppl.) frairS have bean running regularly
and full towards Richmond, in teid of Luc's army,
as is generally supposed.
What "Kir kar' Maa M. — ldauy persons bare
since the war Deguu, mads er.quiry aa to tbe ori
gin of ibe teiin "liip rapa." tor the ben fltof the
uninitiated, we g re tbe following in orroatioc: 1q
engineering, a'• lip tap" i* fouda;ion obtained
by tbrowic.g btonti together in a Leap withoutor
tier, in det p water or on soft bottom. TbefcaHery
on tbe channel between Fortress Monroe and
S well'* Point is comtruo'ed on sugb artifl.iai
fo.iiidat ion, and it thereforesty led tbe"tt'p-rs ps."
Tbe fortification was began about twenty year*
a o. Loose blocks of granite were piled up to a
Leigh t of twenty or thirty feet, and permitted to
ra-J ain for year*, for tbe purpose ol settling the
foundation. Tbe M eks wcie taken down to the
water line a rear rigo, and nothing more bar been
done to the fortifications since.
Crn. DTx Declieev.— ? he following ia a letter
r rom Major General John A D x, declining to be
a candidate for Guretnor of New Toik;
K< b7hb a Mo* rob, Oct. 22, 1881,
——: My naiuo, 1 see, ia again us*d in con.
nection with a political office, without my knowl
edge or ccasent. J tball remain at m.v post, do
ii g all I <so to sustain tbe government in patting
down tbe rebellion, acd at ara>ra-nt, when the
t z stet C 3 of the nation I* hanging by a thread, 1
cinpot lea re me doticc here to be drawn into any
party strife. Neither will I ever accent to cny ad
justment of tbe contest with ibe insurgent Btatts
which shall acknovil-dge their ruccctf.
Tbe rebellion b-g<n io freed, diahoaor and via.
lenov, & mut-tend in tubaiiafion to the constitution
and ho law. Tbe stceasina Icgdera bare pat the
contest on groundj which would uaake auaceaa oa
their part-indelible disgrace to ua. k ?•
In any sphere of duty nay inteutioa ia to carry
on the war without either violence to tke conati*
luti.-n or (o tbe principle* of justice and humanity,
and to contend to the last to avert a triumph ort-r
all chat is stable la government or bpporsble ia
political com pan ions dip.
Uy who'e foqrae through life has proved my
d.votionto democracy and conservative princl
-1 ies. No assurance should be needed th*t -tble
aitb is ULch.tnged. liut at a moment like this
uultss all pai ties will rally round the government
in puts}*# down this rebellion, leaving questions
arapng ourei-lves tube settled wbon the national
honor is vindicated a'ld oar eg'stepee as a nation
st cured, there can be nothiog for us io tbe future
but disa*ter and di*g raof. John A. Dix.
Tbe L'hias or Pebmtvii.cb.— A Lflf! a? lHe cor
respondent of the New York Tribune wiitca as
followi;
Official returns from all tbe division* engag-d
at P it 3 filk- show au aggregate loss of BJO kiihd,
2 555 wounded and neatly 600 mi/sing and prison
er*. The entmy captured 11 guns during tbe bat
ile. Iha rebels t.bindoned them in a disabled
condition apoo their retreat on Thursday mom.
injr, excepting two Napoleon guns, in plaoe of
which they left two smooth bore 6 pounders.
After a csre r ul investigation, 1 bare Icome
ai'.-fisd that the rebel lor# do s not exceed two
thirds of ours. Between 600 and 700 of their dead
were buried by ur, and abjut 1 300 wounded re
mained on our bauds. We took no prisoners du
ring the battle.
f-XPL sinN OF a SDELI.—Two pro,
Daniel U'Phtraon mid Adam Wclf, living In th
vicinity ot Sow Franklin, Franklin county, I'enn ,
wire trying >o open a percu.soo ebrll, on Sunday
irrck, whin it ixploded, killing M'Fbaraon and
w uuditg WolTin the thipb and loft hand. He
ia doing wall. M'Phoraon'a Wrt band waa blown
off but tha Tatal wnabd wai in the abdomen. Ha
lived ab >ut eight hours after the accident. Tne
r hell waa brought from tha battle hold ef Antie
tam.
Tux CoarKoctATE Srniaaa ALABAMA. — It baa
generally been understood that the Confederate
ateamer Alabama wee the steamer brat known aa
the "1139," but it aeema there are now aome doubt*
<1 to bar identity aa that reaaul. The New Yoik
times saya :
Capt. I). K. (afford, late of the bark Klish*
Dunbar, |e tirmly of tbe opinion that the Alabama
and •'290 " arc not thaxame retail, aa he frupientr
ly be rd the crew, of thn Alabama fpaakiog of
the "230," and of the Oretor Home of the news
papers taken from the K' ni I y Farnham cootainel
ao account ef tba M2SO," ruaaingr tbe blockade
into Mobile, and on hearing it read tbe .flreif bf
the Alabama gave H)r- choera for tbe "J99."
A Sets ITI" Sr-XT.—-The Kjcpreoa professes TO
hve r lube information, from aemi-olßcigl circle*
In Eu- ope, that B g'at d and Fraho • hare deolded
upon the leeocnttion or the Houibcrn Confedera
cy, if the joint offers ajf an armiatio of bur or tix
m ••iftaw, to be proposed to Mr. Scwaid, are not
ec epted,
lh-r fear a ilsve in-nrreetlow iothi South, ray a
the /ir/jrt.i, alter the lal • f January, and it ia to
afl' id their own citizens residing tbere ample
protect) in under the eyes of their regularly ap
pointed eg- nta, that England and Frnnca will claim
tue ueciaoity ol reoogntxing tbe new Uonfederecy.
Paul Pr</. espying a man who wa digging
in a large pit, and being disposed to rally him,
a ked him, what he waa digging.—"Abigholo
"was the roqly.—"And what are you going to
do with such a big hole," caid Paul ..." Going
to cut it into emu 1 holes, end retail tbcm to
you fellowstoset fence poeta in."
Tanty is highly recommended as an antidote
to Seas. Give a bid ef U to yonr dog
Eren If yoer heart Is In s cause, tt doesn't
follow that you ahnuld "put your foot iu

xml | txt