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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, April 26, 1903, Magazine Features, Image 29

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026749/1903-04-26/ed-1/seq-29/

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f > JFE STORY OF THE MAN WHO WHO i ii a > a > a > a > i I II
Romantic omntic Career of Harrison HarrisonTerre i iTerrell
Terre T erre14 Who Served the theOld theDid the01d
Old Commander During DuringHis DuringHis j jHis
His Last Illness and Closed j jHis
I IHis iHis
His Eyes in Eternal Sleep Sleepat
at Mount t McGregor McGregorNow McGregorNows McGregorNowa Now i ia I Ia s
a War Department Mes Messenger MesI MesIsenger Messenger
senger sengerHERE sengerrr n eP ePT
I Iemeption
rr HERE has been one on conspicuous conspicuousj nBpuoU i iI
T I j exception to the oftquoted oftquotedproverb ortquotedpro oftquotedproverb
proverb pro rb that no personage howc how howevrr howrr
evrr c rr successful or distinguished diltinguis ed Is ever evera eerheo everhero
a hero in inthe the eyes of his valet In the thecimaUon theczimation
cimaUon 0 imalion of o Harrison Terrell TcrrellGeneral TcrrellGeneralrant GeneralCrant General GeneralPrsnt
Prsnt rant was always everything the world worlda
a i large held him him l m to be beHarrisen beUarrisan beHarrisou
Harrisen Terrell is the mulatto who whosorted who5Ct whoSrrv
sorted 5Ct d General Graat as as steward valet valetand valetand alet aletand
and finally In his last lastIllness illness as nurse nursefor nursefer nursefcr
for upward of ofive five years ears To this ever everready everr everrady
ready r < 3dy s servitor rvitor were were ere directed the last lastwrri last lasti lastif
i wrri i if late t ate words uttered by y the great greatsilont greatail
ail silont nt soldierPresident soldierPresidentGive
Give me ice water Harrison HarrisonFor HarrisonFor HarrisonFor
For months the great commander al almost almr almrst ¬
most mr > st wholly leaned on Harrison par parti partfularly partI ¬
ti tfularly ularly in invthe The later period at Mount MountMcGregor MountMcGregor Mount2kGregor
McGregor when the ceaseless agony he hesuffered hes
suffered sJf s fiered ered became bc < am e almost unbearable unbearableThere unbearableThere
There is no doubt that General Grant Grantwas Grantas Grantwas
was as a martyr to o great pain and for con considerable considerable ¬
siderable si eFable periods in the last few weeks weeksof weeksor weeksc
of c his illness In these paroxysms Har Harrison Harrison ¬
rison Terrell was his constant attendant attendantand attendantand
and mainstay It is quite certain that thatthis thatthis
this exslave performed a noble part in inthe inthe inthe
the tragedy of Mount McGregor McGregorMaster McGregorMaster McGregorMaster
Master and Man as Friends FriendsIn
In the peculiar circumstances of General Gen General General ¬
eral Grants later career in New York Yorkit Yorkit Yorkit
it so happened that the relations of mas master master master ¬
ter and servant assumed the form of a asort asort asort
sort of camaraderie By an accidental accidentalfall accidentalfall accidentalfall
fall on the slippery steps of his own ownhome ownhome ownhome
home long prior to his final illness illnessGeneral ilJnessGEneral illnessGeneral
General Grant was severely severel injured inthe in inthe inthe
the hip For several months he was wascompelled wascompeUed wascompelled
compelled to use crutches While thus thuspartially thuspartiaUy thuspartially
partially disabled it was Harrison Ter Terrells Terrells Terrells ¬
rells part to accompany the general generaleverywhere generaleverywhere generaleverywhere
everywhere his business affairs as well wellas wellas wellas
as social duties compelling him to go goout goout goout
out more than he liked Indoors he hehobbled hehobbled behobbled
hobbled about a good deal leaning on onhis onhis onhis
his servants shoulder shoulderThus shoulderThus shoulderThus
Thus this humble orderly came to be beintimately beintimately beintimately
intimately familiar with the peculiar peculiarcharacter peculiarcharacter peculiarcharacter
character of a great man Familiarity Familiaritybegat FamUlarityegat Familiaritybegat
begat egat no contempt here General Grants Grantscommanding Grantscommanding Grantscommanding
commanding qualities of heart and mind mindhis mindhis mindhis
his loyal faith in friends simple man manners manners manners ¬
ners generosity and above all his un uncomplaining uncomplaining uncomplaining ¬
complaining fortitude and courage couragemade couragemade couragemade
made the same powerful impression upon uponthis uponthis uponthis
this valet alet they had upon the world at atlarge atlarge atlarge
large largeGeneral largeGen largeGeneral
General Gen ml Grants trust and confidence confidencewere confidencewere confidencewere
were repaid by Harrison Terrell with a asleepless asleepless asleepless
sleepless vigilance which doubtless pro prolonged prolongcd prolonged ¬
longed the patients life and certainly certainlyameliorated certainlynmellorated certainlyameliorated
ameliorated the bitter pain of many of ofhis ofhis ofhis
his last hours at Mount McGregor Day Dayby Dayby Dayby
by day in this close communion Harri Harrisons Harrisons Harrisons ¬
sons respect resp t for his dying patron In Increased increased increased ¬
creased until it blossomed into some something something something ¬
thing like adoration To this day henever he henever henever
never tires of recounting little incidents incidentsof
of that trying period which emphasize emphasizethe emphasizethe emphasizethe
the lovable side of the military chief chieftains chIeftaIns chieftains ¬
tains character characterPenned characterPenned characterPenned
Penned by Grants Own Hand HandEven HandEven HandEven
Even IB death the great man reached reachedcut reachedout reachedcut
cut his powerful arm for the safeguard safeguarding safeguardIng safeguarding ¬
ing of the future of his last attendant2jx attendant attendantOnlya attendantQElL
Onlya QElL 2jx month nI th prior to t l the final catas eatasxropne catasropne catastroptte
xropne Knowing that the the end could not notthen notthen notthen
then be far off General Grant of o his hisown hisown hisown
own volition penned the following let lettcr lettrr letter
New York City June 2 186 186Harrison 1S8 1S8Harrison 1S86Harrison
Harrison Terrell TerrellI
I give you this letter now not notknowing not notknowing notknowing
knowing what hat the near future may maybring maybring maybring
bring to a aperson person in my condition of ofhealth ofhealth ofhealth
health This is in acknowledgment acknowledgmentof
of your faithful services to me during duringmy duringmy duringmy
my sickness up to this time and andwhich andwhich andwhich
which I expect eXPe < t will continue to the thetsA thefnd theejid
tsA This is also to state further furtherthat furtherthat furtherthat
that for about four years you youhave youhave youhave
have lived with nfe coming first firstas first2S firstas
as butler In which capacity you youserved youserved youserved
served until my illness lIlne became b ame so soserious soserious soserious
serious as to require the constant constantattention constsntattenUoR constantattention
attention of a nurse and that in inbotheapacities inboth inboth
botheapacities both capacities I have had abundant abundantreason abundantreason abundantreason
reason to be satisfied with your attention at attention at1ention ¬
tention integrity and efficiency I Icope Ihope Ihope
hope cope you may never want for a aplace aplace aplace
place Yours U S GRANT GRANTThis GRATTbis GRANTThis
This remarkable letter alone if there therewre therepre therezLre
wre pre nothing else entitles Harrison HarrisonTPireHs HarrisonTpiTeUs HarrisonTerreHs
TPireHs story to the attention of every everyiatr everyratrWtle everyS
iatr S ratrWtle atrtotic otie American His career has been beenemguiarly beenfingularly beensingularly
singularly striking if not dramatic con considering conf conridering ¬
sidering f his station in life He was wasrnrn wastrtrn was1r
rnrn 1r rn a slave on the place of Buckner BuckuerTerrell BucknerTfrreU BucknerTerrell
Terrell in Orange Oran e county Va in 1840 1840the 1840the 1840the
the day on which bleh G Gen n William Henry HenryHarrison Henry HenryH Henrylsrrison
Harrison H < irnson was elected President From Fromis
° 115 t is circumstance clrc t tance be was named William Wi11lamHenry WilliamHenry WilliamHenry
Henry Harrison Terrell taking his mas masters matiter masIcrs ¬
ters ter 1 jajnttv < v name as was the custom in inslavery insla inslev
slavery sla slev r7 times Eventually however he heCropped herropp4ecf hedropped
Cropped dropped the William tlUam Henry prefixes prefixesBsning prefixess prefixesFning
Bsning s ning himself bim elf simply Harrison Terrell TerrellHf TerrelLH Terrellm
Hf H is generally known only onl as Harri uHarrlon Harrion Harrin
on n only his more intimate acquain acquainunces acqualnnee acquainances
unces nee being beln aware that his sarsarae surmtme is isTerrell IsT isTerrell
Terrell TerrellMaie T Terrellblade < rrel rrelMa
blade Ma e Free Fiftythree Years Ago AgoTie AgJHe Agetie
Tie was the child chUdof of m mulatto ltt parents parentsr parentISTlntaUon parentsllantation
TlntaUon r iuntatSon house hou e servant of consider considerable eonsldertIe considerIe ¬
able tIe Ie intelligence for country slaves slavesHarriMra slavasHarrillon slavesHarrlaen
HarriMra himself is a as lightskianed Ughtskhu ed aany ag agany a aan
any an white lIite people H He became becamiBucknor becamiBucknorlrrr BucknerTt Buckner BucknerTfrrells
Tfrrells Tt lrrr rrells tt boy beythat that in personal ser serint Hr Hrl serantwhn
antwhn l int wh B he was a mere pickaRlnnht pickaninnyThe pickaninny pickaninnyThe
The ht > masters back was wa broken wok by a fan fanfrom tallfrlJm fallfrom
from a log cabin be was wa building whenI whenlirirrl when whenHarrison
Harrison I lirirrl j a rrt on n was wa about tea year y yssrs old The Tbeijjured TheIJjured Theijured
ijjured man nun lived for five ft weeks after afterifae afterbe afterhe
ifae be accident and duringthis during this distressing distressing5n dwtreaingpae distressingrFriVsl
5n rFriVsl ryml UNJ pae Qse little slave e tads tacI attentions attentionswrre aUeaUonswroTe attentionst
wroTe t ere so so kiwi fad mad waildirected w ll lldirBOtttd < ftr ol d that thatftuckner tatlIcbser thatkucher
ftuckner TerreJI tbed the day before Ms hisa
U The Vacant Chair at Mount McGregor I
death signed Harrisons certificate of offreedom offreedom I Ifreedom
freedom This was in ISofl ISoflTwo 185 185Two IS50Two
Two years afterward at the age of oftwelve oftw oftwelve
twelve tw lve Harrison went down to Rich Richmond Richmond Richmond ¬
mond to try his fortunes He quickly quicklyfound quicklyfound quicklyfound
found employment In the Exchange and andBallard andBallard andBallard
Ballard Hotel to this day an old Rich Richmond Richmond Richmond ¬
mond landmark In this environment as asan asan asan
an ual1roundnhotel allround hotel boy he rapidly acquired ac acquired acQuired ¬
quired worldly wisdom As a slave and andthe andthe andthe
the descendant of slaves slaves he was al already already already ¬
ready by instinct as it were were well wellequipped wellequipped I Iequipped
equipped with wlthcireumspeetion circumspection Althoughtiow Although Althoughnow Althoughnow
now now laboring under the disadvantage of ofbeing ofbeing ofbeing
being a free boy in a slave 5lavecommunit 5lavecommunitHarrison community communityHarrison communityHarrison
Harrison soon wormed himself into the theegood thegood theI
good graces of the hotels clientele and andloungers andloungers andloungers
I loungers about town albeit he was wasgoodnaturedly wasgoodnaturedly wasgoodnaturedly
goodnaturedly spoken of as a sharp sharpone sharpone sharpone
one oneFell
Fell in With Southern Sports SportsAs SportsAJ SportsAs
As AJ a general runner of errands for the thehotel thehotel thehotel
hotel and its guests uests he became known knownto knownto knownto
to many of theleading the leading people of fashion fashionof fashionor fashionof
of that day all over the South and was wasan wasan wasan
an expert In the duties of a gentlemens gentlemensattendant gentlemensattendant gentlemensattendant
attendant Among his patrons of that thatearly tbatearly thatearly
early day were a trio of young wellto welltodo welltodo welltodo
do Virginians of good family who were werenevertheless werenevertheless werenevertheless
nevertheless fullfledged sports They Theyfrequented Theyfrequented Theyfrequented
frequented the race course played po poker poker poker ¬
ker bucked the tiger fought bulldogs bulldogsand buUdogsand bulldogsand
and game chickens and carried with withthem withtbem withthem
them a faro layout and roulette fixLures fix fixtures nxtures ¬
tures In short under the guise of gen gentlemen gentlemen gentlemen ¬
tlemen they the were professional profe5 ional gam gamblers gamblers gamblers ¬
blers blersIn blersIn blersIn
In the course of the next six or seven sevenyears sevenyears sevenyears
years as the servant of these th gentlemen gentlemengamblers gentlemengamblers gentlemengamblers
gamblers Terrell visited every promi prominent prominent prominent ¬
nent city of the South over and over overagain overagain overagain
again In this period he saw life in all allits allIts allits
its kaleidoscopic changes and mostly mostlyon
on its worst side sideEnlisted si stile stileEnlisted 1e 1eEnlisted
Enlisted With the Famous BluesWhen BluesWhen Blues BluesWhen
When the crisis of 8ecessi secession n came the theparty theparty theparty
party happened to be in Mobile horse horseracing horHracing horseracing
racing and fighting chickens and dogs dogsin dogsin dogsin
in the day time and gambling at cards cardsat cardsat cardsat
at night The Southern war fever feverswept feverswept feverswept
swept them th < ID into a new and more hon honorable honorable honorable ¬
orable line of employment They sold soldtheir soldtheir soldtheir
their racing stock gave away their faro farolayouts faroulayouts farolayouts
layouts smashed smashe thejr roulette ta tables tables tables ¬
bles threw up their cards and started startedfor startedfor startedfor
for Virgie VirgiHia Virgl la Here they at once en eaHsted enlisted enlisted
listed as private soldiers in the Confedcrate Confed Confederate Confedcrate ¬
crate army by preconcert in the same samecommand sameco samecommand
command co mand tneyRichmond the Richmond Blues Blpes Har Harrison Harrison liarrison ¬
rison volunteered velunt0ed velunt red to accompany his old oldpatrons oldpatrons oldpatrons
patrons to the front as their mutual mutualservant mutualsf mutualservant
servant servantThe sf servantThe > rvant rvantTht
The regiment to which the uRch uRchmond Rcbmond Rcb Rcbraond
raond mond Blues were assigned early took tookthe tooktbe tookthe
the field in Virginia and within sixty sixtydays sixtydays sixtydays
days of his enlistment one of Harri Harrisons Harrisons Harrisons ¬
sons masters was killed in the action actionat actionat actionat
at Bull Run July Jul fl 21 l 1S61 The other othertwo othertwo othertwo
two passed through throughthe the bloody Peninsu Peninsular Peninsular Peninsular ¬
lar campaign against McCIellan un unscathed unthed unscathed ¬
scathed thed but on the 8th of August 1862 1862a
a second fell at Cedar Mountain hardly hardlya
a dozen miles from Harrison Terrells Terrellsbirthplace Terrellsbirthplace Terrollsbirthplace
birthplace The faithful servant search searched searchpd searched ¬
ed out their bodies and gave them de decent decent decent ¬
cent burial burialSurrendered burialSurrendered burialSurrendered
Surrendered at Appomattox AppomattorThe
The survivor of orihis o1Chia this remarkable trio triowas trioa8 trioass
was a8 more fortunate With him Harrison Harrisonmade HarrIsonmade Harr son sonmade
made all the campaigns of the army arm of ofnorthern ofnortbtrn ofnorthern
northern Virginia He trudged trudg the toil toilsome toilsome toilsome ¬
some journey to Gettysburg and back backacross backacrosti backacross
across the Potomac was in the wilder wilderness wilderness wilderness ¬
ness where bere Grant first appeared to pit pithimself pitblmself pithimself
himself against Lee heard the cannon eannonand cannona1ld cannonand
and musketry of Spottsylvania and Cold ColdHarbor ColdHarbor ColdHarbor
Harbor saw the weary siege of Peters Petersburg Peteuburg Petersburg ¬
burg finally to surrender with his Blas Blaster nlatilter master ¬
ter at Appomattox where was clinched clinchedthe cllnebedthe clinchedthe
the great gr t fame of his future patron and andfriend antIfriend andfriend
friend General Grant GrantTo GrantI GrantTo
To be sure Harrison the exslave exslavcarried exslavecarried exslavecarried
I carried no musket in these the e campaigns campaignsand campaignsand campaignsand
and participated in none of the battles battlesHis battlC6Hf battlesHis
His Hf duty as a field servant was simply simplyto
to care for and see to the transport tranpartor tranpartorbia of ofbis ofhis
his masters effects That in all these thesetrenfeadous the9trenfendous thesetrenfeadous
trenfeadous vicissitudes he perfonaed perfonaedbis perorndhi perfornte4his
his hi duties well is made manifest by bytbe bythe
I tbe fact that he served one set of mas masters mastr mantern ¬
tern tr tbrmtgh thrO them tl em aH 1rstaOO first = and lest for torten forj forjten forten
ten ears 7 7 ars rrlle The surviving waster 3aaster sad 11111tJ
tJ = =
4 > <
servant rva t severed theist relations at Ap Appomattox Appomattox Appomattox ¬
pomattox though Harrison often saw sawhis sawbis sawhis
his old employer after the war warBack warBack warBack
Back to the th Old Home HomeHarrison HomeHarrIson HomeHarrison
Harrison now twentyfive had bad a aworld Dworld aworld
world of o experience exp riencc but under greatly greatlychanged gr greatlychanged al1Y al1Ychanged
changed conditions he was adrift with without without without ¬
out prospect prospect of employment He natu naturally naturally naturally ¬
rally first bent his course to t Orange Orangecounty Orangecounty Orangecounty
county where had dwelt his family famIl and andfriends andfriends andfriends
friends But here too meanwhile had iiadoccurred hadoccurred lad ladoccurred
occurred one of the great tragedies tr ged es in incident In Incident Incident ¬
cident to slavery Both his father and andmother nUllmother andmother
mother had been sold down South Southnot Southnot Southnot
not to the same samemaster master but ruthlessly ruthlesslyparted ruthlesslyparted ruthlesslyparted
parted the father going go ng to a South Car Carolina Carolina Carolina ¬
olina planter and the tQ mother to one of ofthe QCthe ofthe
the great Mississipplcottouplantations MississipplcottouplantationsHe Mississippi nssissipprco cotton toIplantations toIplantationsHe plantations plantationsHe
He mustered up a little capital and andfor andtOT andfor
for two years Industriously traversed traversedthe traversedthe traversedthe
the Orange county roads as a small smallhuckster smallhuckster smallhuckster
huckster of farm produce But par participation participation participatlon ¬
ticipation in the stirring scenes of the thepreceding thepreceding thepreceding
preceding ten years had unfitted him for forthis forthis forthis
this tame existence existenceAdvent existmceAdvent existenceAdvent
Advent in Washington WashingtonIn W ashingto ashingtoIn
In 1868 he came to Washington and andentered andrnterd andentered
entered the service servic of the late George GeorgeW GeorgW GeorgeW
W Riggs of the widelyknown banking bankingbouse bankillghouse bankinghouse
house of Riggs Corcoran and was wassoon wasSQn wassoon
soon promoted to butler of the old oldRiggs oldRiggs oldRiggs
Riggs mansion at 1617 161 j I Street near near the theArmy theArmy theArmy
Army and Navy an Club building He Hewas Hewasthe was wasthe was wasthe
the directing servant of the Riggs family familyfor Camllyfor familyfor
for twelve years The Riggses enter entertaiaed entertained enter entertained
tained a good deal and as this period periodcovered periodcovend periodcovered
covered the eight years of President PresidentGrants President PresidentGrants PresidentGrants
Grants Administration he often had the thepleasure thepleasure thepleasure
pleasure of serving the general In those thosedays thosedays thosedays
days he was often detailed as an expert expertto expertto expertto
to assist at the White House receptions receptionsand receptionsand receptionsand
and dinner parties parU s Not only on I in dinner dinnergiving dintlergiving dinnergiving
giving circles but among clubmen and anddiner anddinerjS anddiners
diner diners out Harrison was soon recog recognized re recognized og ognizedj ¬
nized nizedj as a superior man for a house housefunction housefunction housefunction
function function one among a thousand thoUl and for an anupper anupper anupper
upper house servant Many fashionable fashionableand fasl1 fashionableand onahle onahleand
and wealthy welaUhY families not only in Wash Washington Washington Washington ¬
ington but in Philadelphia and New NewYork NcwYork NewYork
York made him tempting offers to leave leavethe leavethe leavethe
the employment of the Riggsea but he hesteadily hesteadily hesteadily
steadily declined to quit their serviceBut service serviceBut serviceBut
But after the senior Mr Riggs death in ia1XSO inlSS
1XSO lSS a new condition was created createdEmployed createdEmployed createdEmployed
Employed by General Grant GrantHarrison GrantHarrison GrantHarrison
Harrison had fallen under the per personal personal personal ¬
sonal notice of General Grant on divers diversoccasions dlyprsocCftsions diversoccasions
occasions at the While House In 18SO 18SOafter lSS0after 1880after
after the Grants had settled down in inNew inNew inNew
New York the general telegraphed over overan overan overan
an offer to Harrison to become his but butle butIe butler
le ler While the younger Riggses desired desiredhim desiredhim desiredhim
him to remain with them they were werewilling werewIlling werewilling
willing to defer to General Grants wish wishes wishes wishes ¬
es If Harrison desired to go He de decided decIded decided ¬
cided to go and soon after reported for forduty fordutJ forduty
duty As the domestic chief of staff staffof staffof staffof
of the most mo t conspicuous figure in Ameri America America America ¬
ca Harrison was now an important importantpersonage Importantpersonage importantpersonage
personage personageThe personageThe personageThe
The accidental injury sustained by byGeneral byGeneral byGeneral
General Grant in 1883 18S before alluded alludedto
to entirely changed Harrisons rela relations relations relations ¬
tions In the Grant household He be became became became ¬
came the personal attendant of the gen general general general ¬
eral The latter lat tr in his numerous goings goingssad goingsand goingsand
and comings needed a strong arm to tolean tol tolean
lean l an upon and the robust and discreet discreetHarrison discreetHarrIson discreetHarrison
Harrison was exactly the man he wanted wantedWherever wantedVherever wantedWherever
Wherever General Grant went Harri Harrison Harrison Harrison ¬
son Terrell went v ent also In this relation relationHarrison relationHarrison relationHarrison
Harrison naturally became cognizant cognizantof
of every ever detail of the mysterious Grant Grantand Grantand Grantand
and Ward Yare partnership and was a spec spectator spoctator spectator ¬
tator of the events connected with the thesensational theI thesensational
I sensational failure that followed With Withfolded Vlthfolded Vithfolded
folded arms he was standing respectfully respectfullybehind respectfullybehInd respectfullybehind
behind General Grants chair in old oldCommodore ohICommodore oldCommodore
Commodore Vanderbilts Vanderb lts private office officewhen officewhen officewhen
when tbat Napoleonic financier handed handedthe handedthe handedthe
the Napoleonic soldier the celebrated celebratedcheck celebratedcheck celebratedcheck
check for 150000 which temporarily temporarilybridged temporarilybridged temporarilybridged
bridged the chasm caused by b Wards ards de defalcations defalcations defalcations ¬
The Fatal Illness IllnessHarrison Il1nessHarrison IllnessHarrison
Harrison was was tllflrat tire t first person to take takeheed tak takhew takebeed
heed of the generals throat trouble troubleand troubleand troubleand
and the victims earliest complaints of ofthe ofthe c cthe 1
the queer difficulty he began to oxperlence exper experience experience ¬
ience in swallowing He was with Gen General General General ¬
eral Grant when the lll professional ex exI expcrt15 experts
I pertsdieovered pcrt15 perts hlcOerod lhatsthte tllat lht < sthrot throat t trou trouble troubloc b Ie
PLUG p LUG tobacco used by the the 75000 5000 men menA menin menin
A in the United States Navy nextyear next nextyear nextyear
year will cost more than their medicine medicineand medicinemd medicineand
and medical supplies suppliesThe suppliosThe suppliesThe
The navy recently re nUy entered into a con contract contract on ontract ¬
tract for 258000 2 8OOO pounds of the tobacco tobaccofar tobaccofar tobaccofar
far the largest amount it has everbought ever everbought ver verbought
bought at one onetime time The contract price priceis priceis priceis
is 3S 38 cents a pound a total of 98040 98040It 98030It 8040It
It is estimated by the medical division divisionof
of the navy na that the medicines and medical med medical medical ¬
ical supplies used in the care cnr of thenations the thenations the111110n8
nations sailors for one year year cost about aboutI
I S120000 S120000All 8120000All 120000All
All the tobacco bought by b by the Govern Governmeat Goverui Govcrlment
i ment will be sold on board boards ship Ipand and at atnaval atnaval 1t 1tnaval
naval stations ata at ad a a slight advance overthe over overthe overthe
the purchase price prl e to cover shrinkage shrinkageand shrinkageand shrinkageand
and the cost of handling I It ItTaking itTaking L LTaking
Taking Into consideration oris d ratlon the amountof amount amountof amountot
of tobacco which seamen seamen se m n will buy bUy from fromstores frclnI fromMores
I stores > not conducted by the theGoyernment theGoyernmentI Govjarnment Govjarnmentthe
the navys nays bill for plug tOJJacco tobacco will be befar hefar e efar
I far greater than the cost of supplies suppliesnecessary supplltsI suppliesnecessary
necessary to care for the physical ail aijimcnts ailments ail ailments
I ments of the sailorsif sailors sa11orsIf 1 1If
If the Navy Nav Department has hasnot not overestimated over overestimated
I estimated tlmnterl the the amount amount of plug tobaccoi tobacco i
i it will will need for the coming year year and andgranting andgranting andgranting
granting that every every lDnn man in the the navy navyuses j
I uses plug tobacco more more than than ten pounia pouniaof
lot of the weed weed ced must must must be be sold to t to every every one oneof oneI oneof
of o the navys navys wards wardsCertainly wardsCertainly wardsCertainly
I Certainly a a largo amount m unt of succulent succulentplug succulentplug succulentplug
plug to be sold in an age age whon chewing chewingtobacco chewingI chewingtobacco
tobacco is said to be going g oI g out of fash fashion fashIon fashion ¬
I ion But the tobaccochewing habit Is Isnot isI Isnot
not on the wane on the sea sea where men menhave menbave menhave
I have few amusements And then much muchof muchI muchof
I of the plug tobacco sold by the Governmeats Govern Governj
j I meats Is smoked Many f1ny seamen like likecut likecut likecut
cut plug better for smoking than the theregular theregular theregular
regular pine tobaccos tobaccosVirginia tobacl05Virginia tobaccosVirginia
Virginia and North Carolina supplymost supply supplymost supplymost
most of the tobacco consumed on Gov Government Government Government ¬
ernment vessels in all parts of the theworld theworld theworld
world A Richmond firm was awarded awardedthe awardedlhe awardedthe
the contract for the 258000 pounds ofplug of ofplug orplug
plug and will deliver it to the various variousGovernment variousGovernment variousGovernment
Government naval stations for distri distribution dietributton distribution ¬
bution among the seamen who have ac acquired acquired acquired ¬
quired a taste for fo the weed popularized popularizedhy
hy ty Sir Walter Raleigh RaleighIf
If It were possible to estimate the to total total total ¬
tal cost of cigars cigarettes and to tobaccos tobaccos tobaccos ¬
baccos of all kinds used used by the officers officersand officersand I Iand
and enlisted men in the navy It would wouldprobably wouldprobably wouldprobably
probably be found that their tobacco bills bill billis blllis
is s many times the amount Uncle Sam Samspends Samspends Samspends
spends In caring for them when when they theyarc theyare theyare
are out of health healthThe healtTbe healthThe
The good health health of the men In the thenavy thenavy thenavy
navy is a hard blow at reformers who whoare whoare whoare
are seeking to abolish tobacco It Is as asdestructive asdestructive
destructive to their arguments as thebiographies the thebiographies thebiographies I
biographies of centenarians who used usedtobacco usedtobacco usedtobacco
tobacco all their lives Still the reform jreformers reformers eror erorera I
ers answer that centenarians would have havelived havelied havelived
lived forever If they had not used the theweed theweed theweed
weed and they th y would probably say that thatthe thatthe thatthe
the Navy avy Department would not be com compelled compeUed compelled ¬
pelled to buy any medicine at all if Its Itsmen itsmen itsmen
men did not use tobacco tobaccoDO tobaccoDO
j jIs
Is something l > metl1l1S good within ypur ypurpower jour jourpower
power powerGo powerGo power powerGo
Go and do it i go and do itLest It ItLest itLest
Lest you lose losetbe the golden hourThen hour hourThen hourThen
Then how sadly sadIywlll will you rue rue It ItCan itCan itCan
Can you make a burden light lightGo lfghtlGo lightGo
Go and do it go and do it itIf itl itIf
If l you wait until the night nightSadly nightSadlr nightSadly
sadly it itCan it itCan
Sadly you may rue j jCan
Can you speak a helpful wordSpeak word wordSpeak wordSpeak
Speak today speak today todaySoon todaySoon f fSoon
Soon the ears ears that might have heard heardWill heardVill heardWill
Will Vill be deaf and neath the clayCan clay clayCan clayCan
Can you save a sinking man manDo man manDo man2 man2Do
Do riot wait do notwait notwaitHaste not wait waitHaste
Haste to give the helping hand handAnother handAnother
1 1 Another day may be too late lateIs lateIs lateIs
Is there t ere something good for you youSpeed youSpeed youSpeed
Speed to get it itp specs spee to get itt ittTwill it itTwill ItlTwill
Twill belQBt be lost unless unless ui less you doAnd do doAnd doAnd
And forever for ver youll regret it itAtlanta itAtlanta itAtlanta
Atlanta Journal Journalwas
1 1was f fwas
was the the incipient advance of the fell de destroyer destroyer destroyer ¬
stroyer cancer and remembers thesteady the thesteady thesteady
steady nerve his chief showed when told toldthat toldthat
that although his present J1re3 nt pain could be belargely belargely belargely
largely assuaged a uaged death ath must be the inevitable In Inevitable Inevitable ¬
evitable result resuI4ana ana one one OD not long l long g to be bedelayed bedelayed bedelayed
delayed delayedMeantime delayedMeanUme delayedMeantime
Meantime Harrison himself had married mar marlied marlIed
lied and raised a large family whichhad which whichhad whichhftrl
had remained in Washington Upon the thegenerals tbeI thegenerals
I generals death he concluded to return returnhome returnlime returnhome
home and seek a Government appointment appoint appointment appointment ¬
Logan His Friend FriendHe FriendHe FriendHe
He was not long balked of his pur purpose purpose purpose ¬
pose Through the interposition of Gen GenJohn GenJehn GenJchn
John A Logan he was given temporary temporaryemployment temporarYmployment temporaryemployment
employment at the Government Printing PrintingOffice PrIntingOffice PrintingOffice
Office Then he determined determinedto to test the theefficacy theefficacy theetilcacy
efficacy of General Grants name withMr with withMr with21r
Mr Cleveland who was now President PresidentWithout PresidentWithout
Without invoking the good offices of ofanybody ot3Iybody ofanybody
anybody Harrison one day presented presentedhimself presentedllimself presentedhimself
himself to Colonel Crooks of the White WhiteHouse WhiteHouse WhiteHouse
House executive force who knew him himvery himvry himvery
very well Upon being Informed of the theobject theo1ject theobject
object of the visit and the grounds of ofhis othis ofhis
his proposed application Colonel Crooks Crookstook Crookstook j jtook
took Harrison > n personally first to Private PrivateSecretary PrivateSecretary PrivateSecretary
Secretary Lamont and then to Presi President Presilmt President ¬
dent lmt Cleveland himself To the Presi President Presient President ¬
dent ent Harrison presented General GeneralGrants GeneralGraqts GeneralGrants
Grants autograph letter letterMr letterMr letterMr
Mr Cleveland CIt > vela ll directed Colonel Crooksto Crooks Crooksto
to conduct Harrison to the War De Department Department Department ¬
partment and say to Secretary Secreta Endicott Endicottwith Endicottwith Endicottwith
with the Presidents compliments that thatho thathI thathe
ho hI desired to have Harrison Terrell ap appointed appoInted appointed ¬
pointed at once to some place in that thatdepartment thatdepartment thatdepartment
department commensurate commensurate with his ca capacities eaJacities Capacities ¬
pacities Withi thirty minutes thereafter there thereafter thereafter ¬
after Chief Clerk Tweedale had filled In Ina ina ina
a blank with Harrisons name nam and appointment ap appointment appointment ¬
pointment as an assistant messenger anoffice an anoffice anolllce
office which ho has held from from rom that dayto day dayto tlayto
to this some fourteen years yearsHarrison yearslIarrhion
Harrison I it is now sixtythree years old oldBarring oldBarring oldBarring
Barring a troublesome eye e difficulty difficultywhich difficultywhich Ut11cnlt Ut11cnltwhich
which is threatening him with total totalbJIndness totalbUndness totalblindness
blindness he 11 is still a vigorous YIFOr us man in inboth inboth inboth
both mind and body b y r
CURIOUS fact about the verdure verdurewhich verdurewhich verdurewhich
A 1 which adorns the National NationalCapital Nationalta
Capital cap caplargely ta 1 is that it is made up so solargely solargely
largely of foliage of a few kinds of trees treesplanted treesplanted treesplanted
planted systematically in long rows ex extending extending extending ¬
tending blocks at a stretch instead of ofthe ofthe oftheinandout
the the theinandout Inandout Individual style which wliichcharacterizes whichcharacterizes whichcharacterizes
characterizes most cities Because Becau e of ofthis ofthis ofthis
this machinelike precision which is al always alJ alJways aiways >
ways noted by visitors to Washington Washingtonthe Washingtonthe
the sight of an unusual looking tree treeeven treeeven treeeven
even though it be of a wellknown wellknownspecies wellknownspecies wellknownspecies
species is invariably of more IIlr than pass passIng passing passing
Ing interest interestOne interestOne interestOne
One of these curiosity trees stands standsIn Randsin standsIn
In the Mall In a line of four directly directlyOpposite direct directopposite directlyopposite
Opposite and parallel to the Corcoran CorcoranArt CorcoranArt CorcoranArt
Art Gallery All are assuredly of one
OT fftr many years if ever be before before before ¬
NOT N fore has the Navy Department Departmenthad
had so many officers anxious to toresign toresign toresign
resign from active service that they theymight theymight theymight
might get into commercial or financial JlnaneialUte financiallife financiallife
life Resignations from the s service servicewere servicewere rvice rvicewere
were never numerous until quite recent recently recently recently ¬
ly and many are ar are unable to give any anysatisfactory anySiUstactory anysatisfactory
satisfactory reason why there should b ba be bea bea
a sudden desire to quit the warship warshipbusiness warshipbusin warshipbusiness
business busin ss Those who are in a position positionto
to know the programs mapped out by byseveral byseveral byseveral
several who wish to resign say that the theopportunities thepporlunltlos theopportunities
opportunities offered naval n8v l officers in inother I Iother inother
other walks of life have h ve become so many manyand manyand manyand
and so brilliant that it Is incumbent incumbentupon incumbentupon incumbentupon
upon them to give up the ship for the theland theland theland
land landIn landIn landIn
In former years more than 90 per cent centof centof centof
of the resignations accepted by the Sec Secretary Secretary Secretary ¬
retary of the Navy were of o those un unable unable unable ¬
able to keep pace with the studies at atthe atthe atthe
the Academy or of young officers who whoshortly whoshortl whoshortly
shortly shortl after leaving Annapolis discov discovered discovcreel discovered ¬
ered that they were not suited to the thetastes thetastes thetastes
tastes of o a warsmans life Few of these thesewere thesewere thesewere
were promising and andtheir their resignations resignationswere
were accepted with a few words of pass passing passing passing ¬
ing notice In the gazette gazetteThe CRzetteThe gazetteThe
The resignations offered off red within the thepast thcpast thepast
past two months however include more morethan morethan morethan
than a dozen ozen of the finest officers of tho thoservice thoservice theservice
service and this fact alone has aroused arouseda
a good deal of comment Among the thedozen thedozcn thedozen
dozen were Lieuts Richmond P Hobson Hobsonand Hobsonand Hobsonand
and H H Ward ard and as in the case of ofseveral o oseveral ofseveral
several of the others the department departmentpaid departmentpaid departmentpaid
paid them the unusual compliment of re requesting requesting requesting ¬
questing them to withdraw their letters lettersof lettersor lettersof
of resignation The request of Lieuten Lieutenant Lieutenant Lieutenant ¬
ant Ward who Is described as one of ofthe oftJle ofthe
the brightest and most m lst capable young youngofficers youngofficers youngofficers
officers in the service was made with without without without ¬
out success tho other day dayAdvantage dayAdvantage dayAdvantage
Advantage of Naval Training TrainingThe TrainingTbe TrainingThe
The secret fo the desire of some of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the more capable men for leaving lea ing is the thebright thebright thebright
bright reflection cast upon the business businessarena businessarena businessarena
arena on land by others who have come comeashore comeashore comeashore
ashore for good from United States war warships warships warships ¬
ships Navy Nay training usually fits a man manfor manfor manfor
for exceptional ability abllit as a money maker makerIf
If he embarks in a land enterprise t > Old Older Ohler Older ¬
er graduates raduates from Annapolis believe believethat bfoUevethat believethat
that between a a graduate of a university universityand uniyersityand universityand
and the human production of the Naval NavalI NavalAuemy NavalAcademy
I Academy who gives up theS thesea the sea a for f r brain brainwork brainIwork brainiwork
Iwork work ashore the peculiar DctUJlarandthorough and nd thorough
I type but the distance from the ground groundto
to the lowest limbs on each differs differsgreatly so sogreatly segreatly
greatly as to suggest the changes in intopography intopography Intopography
topography which have occurred in that thatsection thatsection thatsection
section since they tb y were planted plantedMany plmtedI plantedMany
Many years ago Shen hen the Smithsonian Smithsoniangrounds Smithsonianounds Smithsoniangrounds
I grounds ounds were laid out and trees treespla planted planteda t d da
a similar plan was put Into being on onthe onthe onthe
the part of the Mall between the t1 Presidents Presi Presidents Presidents ¬
dents house and the Monument When Whenthe Whenthe Whoathe
the filling in of this lowlying soctfoa soctfoabecame sac sectioabecame ioB ioBbecame
became a 8 necessity for the sake sak of ofhealth othealth ofhealth
health and landscape l n sc2Ipe beauty bea ty the trees treeshad treeshad ree5 ree5bad
had to be uprooted in nearly ne rly overt instance in instance Instance ¬
stance stanceTheimprovement stanceThelmprovement stanceTheimprovemeat
Theimprovement of the Mall did not notharm notharm netharm
harm the four trees along Seventeenth SeventeenthStreet SeventeenthStreet SeventeenthStreet
Street however bo eYer and tb they y stood safe and andsound ant antlitOund andsound
sound until the great storm of a few
training of the exmariner works out to towindward towlnd towindward
windward wlnd ard every time This may be all allwrong allwrong allwrong
wrong but these aged barnacles point pointwith pintwith pointwith
with pride to a number of successful successfulbankers sucees successfulbankers ful fulbankers
bankers brokers authors and capital capitalists capitalists capitalists ¬
ists who were originally naval officers officersNone officersNone officersNone
None of o the more successful business businessicen businessICen businessmen
icen who resigned from the navy was wasforced wasCorced wasforced
forced out by the statutory age of sixty sixtytwo sixtyto sixtytwo
two although as Is evidenced by the thecases thecases thecases
cases of Admiral Dewey John G Walk Walker WaIJer Walker ¬
er Henry Erben and many others even eventhis eventhis eventhis
this age does not seem to have impaired impairedthe Impairedthe impairedthe
the usefulness of o any of those mentioned mentionedProf mentionedProto mentionedProf
Prof Ira N Hollis of Harvard Uni University UnicrsilJ University ¬
versity crsilJ was graduated No No1 1 In the class classof classof classo1
of 1S7S at the academy and so was wasshipbuilder wasshipbuilder wasshipbuilder
shipbuilder Lewis Nixon in the class of of1SS2 of18S2
1SS2 and S Nicholson cholson Kane was honor honorman honorman honorman
man in the class of 1SS6 1SS6Quite lS IS66Quite 6 6Quite
Quite a few naval officers followed followedliterary followedUterary followedliterary
literary pursuits when they abandoned abandonedthe abandonedthe abandonedthe
the sea Some of those who became con convinced coninced convinced ¬
vinced that the pen is mightier than thanthe thanthe thanthe
the sword failed to make themselves themselvesfelt tbemselvesfelt themselvesfelt
felt in the new field they adopted The Theworks Theworks Theworks
works of Capt A T Mahan are recog recognizcd rccoglonizcd recoganised
nizcd as standard on nautical questions questionstho questionstho questionsthe
tho world over overIn oyerIn overIn
In the Field of Letters LettersWinston LettersWipston LettersWi
Wi Winston ston Churchill was of the class lass of of1894and o o1894and
1894and 1894 and his successful novel Richard RichardCarvel Richarc1Carvel RichardCarvel
Carvel is more or less founded on onthe onthe onthe
the knowledge of maritime life which he heacquired heacquired heacquired
acquired at Annapolis The Rev Cyrus CyrusTownsend CyrusTownsend CyrusTownsend
Townsend Brady whose hose see novels arc arcso arcso areso
so highly praised is a graduate of the theclass thecIass theclassof
class classof > of o 1883 Park Benjamin jr has haswritten hasTitten haswritten
written a history of o the United States StatesNaval StatesNaval StatesNaval
Naval Academy and many other oth r credi creditable creditable creditable ¬
table works He was graduated in the theclass theclass theclass
class of 1867 with Remey Wainwright WainwrightBelknap WainwrightBelknap VainwrightBelknap
Belknap and Clover James Douglas DouglasJerrold DoUglaSJerrold DouglasJerrold
Jerrold Kelley a a graduate of the class classof classof classof
of 1868 who ho was appointed at large and andJoseph antIJoseph andJoseph
Joseph Louis Stlckney who was of thegraduating the thegraduating thegraduating
graduating class of one year earlier are areboth areboth areboth
both noted for the completeness of detail detailof detailof detailof
of their naval articles and fleet dis discussions discussions discussions ¬
cussions Mr Stickney was a corre correspondent correspondent correspondent ¬
spondent during the late war with Spain Spainand SpaInand Spainand
and was with Dewey during the fight ftghtat ftShtat fightat
at Manila Commander Kelley as he is isbetter isbetter isbetter
better known has launched Into thesea the tbesea thes
sea s > a of wireless telegraphy in addition additionto
to his journalistic work and is one of orthe ofthe j
the officials otDci ls of the Marconi Company CompanyLewIs CompanyLewis I ILewis
Lewis Nixon since he left Annapolis = has hasjumped basjumped hasjumped
jumped fast to tbe top of the ladder ladderin ladelerin ladderin
in not n t only commercial bat in political politicallife politieallife politicallife
life He started with the Cramps and andi
years ago a Handreds Hl dredS of trees tree a were up uprooted u urooted uprooted ¬
rooted at that time ant snaky a others ethersbadly othersbtMllr othersbadly
badly broken One oi three which suf suffered sueferect suffered ¬
fered s severely v eljr was third in this t la row rowTbe rowlJie rowTte
Tbe top was broken off about aIJoatMteea fifteen feet feetfrom fef feetfrom t tfrom
from the ground gr uDda and the trees uee beauty beautysadly kautysadly beautysadly
sadly marred inar ed Some 0C 8fu sip tfe lowerbrMteh lower lowerbrabch towerbrsiaehgsbontsued
brabch brsiaehgsbontsued s teonltBued nUued to grow lieSv 9 < iNTr iNTrand t r rand rand
and these ia time have Uk tekelt take the place placeof placeor placeof
of the f former order tap so that t at t tba tin park park gar gardeners gardeners gardeners ¬
deners deemed it best DOt U break tho thorow th thIOW thQrow >
row e of > f four by removing remo the dtoured dtouredone dlslgurpdone dtsiuredone
one Though it It is not note a fv gb steely pely a atree a atree atree
tree as could be sele selected tedis ia almost 1II8St any anypart anypart anypart
part of Washington Wa iDgt its htary l i tory has hascaused hagcausecI hascaused
caused it to be remembered remer tlJere with wit interest inter interest intfrest ¬
est by 1 many citizens as well as to in insure Insure insure ¬
sure its being pointed 0t eotto tw t si suers suersby itaeers itaeersby rs rsby
by veteran guides
is now bead of the great shipbuilding shipbuildingcombiae shfpiwrildinscombine s tplntfldingcombine
combine combineWilHamButler combineWillluunuUer combiaeWilliam
WilHamButler William Butier Duncan jr of the class classof cla classof s sof
of 18S1 haa like CommOdore Kane cut cutquite cutquite cutquite
quite a figure in the yachting yae ag worM Mr MrDupcaa MrDupean MrDupcaa
Dupcaa next to C Oliver laelte who whohowever whohowever whohowever
however is i not a naval officer 08i0 r if supposed sup supposed lIUPposed ¬
posed to be the finest Corinthian sailor in inthe jnthe inthe
the United States Mr Duncan had hadcharge hadcharge hadcharge
charge of the cup defense defen boat Consti Constitution Constitution Constitution ¬
tution in i a all her trials against the Co Columbia Columbia CeIumbia ¬
lumbia two two years ago He has made mademoney mademoney mademoney
money very ery fast since he left the a acade academy ade ademy de demy ¬
my He married a Miss Havemeyer Have yerJ and andnow andnow andnow
now has charge of all the tHreal real estate e tate of ofthe othe ofthe
the he Havemeyers HavemeyersCommodore HavemeyersCommodore HavemeyersCommodore
Commodore Kane is tile chairman qpaln c airs an of ofthe otthe ofthe
the regata committee commi tee of the t e New York YorkYacht YorkYacht YorkYacht
Yacht Club and has ceBtribvted for years yearsto yearsto yearsto
to the racing events of that ergaafatation ergaafatationHe 8IgaJlbatioILHe
He has had personal charge of the ar arrangements arrangements arrangements ¬
rangements for the Americas Cup Cupmatches Cupmatches Cupmatches
matches for some years aad a sepy indeed In Indeed indeed ¬
deed would be a New York Yacht Yae t Club Cluboff Cluboff Cluboff
off shore event without the tW guiding guidinghand pridinghand guidinghand
hand of the commodore commodoreA
A Shore Seaman SeamanCapt SeamanCapt SeamanCapt
Capt Jacob W 1 CV Miller who is at the thehead thehetld thehead
head of the Stonington line IIne of steamboats steam steamboats atfamboats ¬
boats and otherwise identified with lth Old OldColony OldColony OldColony
Colony Railroad affairs is a graduate uat > of ofthe otthe ofthe
the class of 1S67 He is oneof ODeo the many manywho manywho manywho
who found it exceptionally difficult to rut ruthimself rut1JlmseU rat1imself
himself 1JlmseU off absolutely ab olut ly from the sea ea but butin butin butin
in his case it wa w was impossible for besides besidesaffiliating besidesaffiUating besidesaffiliating
affiliating himself with the merchant mercl1ant ma marine marine marine ¬
rine after coming ashore a hOlt he set to t work workto workto workto
to found foun the naval militia lI llt of tb Ute State S ttp of ofNew ofNe ofNew
New Ne York He has promoted promotedtbat that organ organization organization organization ¬
ization ever since and is is now its commanding com commanding < om ommanding ¬
manding oracer oracerCol oftlcer oftlcerCo ofileerCol
Col Co Robert M Thompson who wra wraclose W n nclose a aclose
close to honor man hi tathe the gradoat gr gcidnatclass duat duatclass 5 5class
class of 1868 is president of one of the saemost themost f le lemost
most successful copper companies eoiestthis cd cdthis t J Jthis
this country country It was he w wh wbellM fired wfc wfcthe W nfhthe 1 h hthe
the fighting snap that he had acgnr acquiivl acquiivlas aeq 1 1 1as Ias
as a midshipman in the th days of Pour Pourorganised Pon Ponorganized Ponorganised
organised the first athletic athl de associa associathat LIt LItthat a athat
that the Naval aal Academy had Thori Thorison Thor Thorson Phorson
son with Cadet Winston Churchill wao waoreceived w tlO tlOreceived uoreceived
received a leave of abeenee bs nce for the i r rpose ir irpose ur urpose
pose went went to Yale Unhrersitr to wa a hthe h hthe 11the
the stroke of the Blues crews ere thai Li Limight L Lmight iimight
might go Back to Maryland 1IIaTylBuJaacl and u le 1 < h hthe hthe hthe
the method to the semidryeobs semidryeobsCauet s sCaet eml midryeobsCaet dryeobs
Caet Thompson offered prises hY hYfootball ti tifootball TJ TJfootball
football baseball aebaU and fencia feaciuf and ad in instituted lilstltuted instituted ¬
stituted intercollegiate lUlelCol te matches wi a aHarvard 4Harvard t tHarvard
Harvard and sA Columbia He was was la lar laridaJltUIM laidentified IT ITidentified
identified with the tJl ufeow pta for tW new Jl notebelldiaats W WbuthU
buthU belldiaats at t Aqoli

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