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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, October 04, 1903, Magazine Features, Image 27

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w NE of the th attaches of the Naval NavalObservatory NavalObEeryatory NavalObservatory
ONE iii Observatory the other evening even evening evenIng ¬
ing took two of his own ownand ownand ownand
and three of his nelghborsrchlldrenfor nelghborsrchlldrenfora neghbort children for fora
a ride in his automobile autom bne The Jolly par party party party ¬
ty went ent out toward Chevy Chaso and andbeing andbeing andbeing
being a clear night the stars were out outin outIn outin
in all their glory On one of the hills hillsthe hmsthe hillsthe
the astronomer stopped and began to tolook tolook tolook
look at the heavens heavensOh hoavonsOh heavensOh
Oh tell us about the stars said a achildish achUdlsh achildish
childish voice olco beside him himThe himThe himThe
The astronomer complied with the re request request request ¬
quest and talked to the little group groupabout groupabout groupabout
about the North Star which happened happen happened happ n ned ¬
ed to be in full view viewSee viewS viewSee
See S e that star up there said he hepointing hepointing hepointing
pointing as he spoke It Is the North NorthStar NorthStar NorthStar
Star and it remains there always justwhere Just Justwhere justwhere
where It is In the sky It has never nevermoved nevermond nevermoved
moved from Its position since the world worldstood worldstood worldstood
stood that Is to one looking looking at it from fromthe fromthe fromthe
the earth earthYou earthYou earthYou
You can easily find flndtho the North Star StarSee StarSee StarSee
See the Big Dipper over there in the theconstellation th thconstellation theconstellation
constellation of the Great Boar The Thetwo Thetwo Thetwo
two stars on the side of the Dipper op opposite opposite opposito ¬
posite the handle are called the point pointers pointers pointers ¬
ers because they are almost exactly in inline Inline inline
line with or point to the North Star StarDo StarDo StarDo
Do you see them Annio AnnioOh AnnfoYOh Annfo7OhI
Oh OhI yes the three of them make a aline aUno aline
line she said saidThe saidThe saidThe
The Indians resumed the astrono astronomer astronomer aetronomer ¬
mer used to call the North Star TIyn Tlynsoudagoerr TIynsoudagocrr Tiynsoudagoerr
soudagoerr the star that never nevermoves nevermoves nevermoves
moves By the aid of o it they were ac accustomed accustomed accustomed ¬
customed to find their way through the theforests theforests theforests
forests and over the prairies and they theytell theytell theytell
tell a story of how they first came to toknow toknow toknow
know that the star was vas as stationary and andcould andcould andcould
could be used as a guide guideA guideA guideA
A large party of Indians wandered wanderedfor wandc wanderedfor cd cdfor
for many moons in search for game and andfound andfound andfound
found little until at last they lost their theirway theirway theirway
way entirely and camped by the side of ofa ofa ofa
a river exhausted with travel and half halfdead halfdead halfdead
dead for want of foodIt food foodIt food foodIt
It was decided to hold a council and andECO andsee andsee
see if they could not devise some way wayof wayof wayof
of returning to their old home They Theyburned Theyburned Theyburned
burned tobacco as a sacrifice and as the thesmoke thesmoko thesmoke
smoke of the plant curled up into the theair theair theair
air they danced and sang a weird w lrd chant chantImploring chantimploring chantimploring
Imploring the Great Spirit to send them thema
a guide While they danced there ap appeared appeared appeared ¬
peared peared to them a little girl who ho said saidshe saidsho saidshe
she had come to rescue the hunters huntersfrom huntersfroin huntersfrom
from from their predicament predicamentSo
So they broke camp and all that thatnight thatnight thatnight
night they traveled the little girl lead ¬
ing them going on ahead with a rsmall rsmallwar small smallwar smallwar
war club In her hand At daybreak dn break she shetold shetold shetold
told them to rest and sleep while she shewould shewould shewould
would prepare food for them themThey themThey themThey
They did as they were were told and when whenthey whentheY whenthey
they awoke they found a great feast feastready feastready feastready
ready for them and they the wondered much muchwhere muchwhere muchwhere
where the child got the food as well as asat asat asat
at the skillful way she had prepared it itAfter ItAfter itAfter
After they had eaten the little girl girlwent girlwent girlwent
went away but told them that at night nightfall nightfall nightfall ¬
fall she would come to lead them on ontheir ontheir ontheir
their way again So when the stars starscame starscame starscame
came out in the sky the little girl came cameback cameback cameback
back and after giving each of the hunt hunters hunters hunters ¬
ers a magio drink out of a leather bottlewhich bottlewhich bottle bottlewhich
which made them all feel strong again againshe againshe againshe
she led them all that night as before beforeAt bEforeI beforeAt
I At daybreak the hunters found them themselves themselves themselves ¬
selves on the edge of a large plainwhere plain plainwhere plainwhere
where the little girl bade them rest for forthe fortho forthe
the day all except a few of the most mostskillful mostskfllful mostskillful
skillful hunters whom shetook away to toa toa toa
a place where there was as plenty of game gamewhich gamewhich gamewhich
which they killed for the food of the theparty theparty theparty
party Then she disappeared as before beforeBut beforeBut beforeBut
But at night she returned with with her herown herown herown
own chief and and a great number of her herown herown herown
own people who were all little folks folksnot folksnot folksnot
not larger than small children though thoughsome thoughsome thoughsome
some of them were very old oldShe oldShe oldShe
She told the hunters that they were wereno werenoyv werenopr
noyv no r in the country of the pigmies who whowould whowould whowould
would teach them a sign already in the thesky thesky thesky
sky by which they coulp always guide guidethemselves guidethemselves guilethemselves
themselves when they went w went t out hunt hunting hunt1ng hunting ¬
ing and never get lost any more moreThen moreThen moreThen
Then the chief of the pigmies point pointed pointed pointed ¬
ed out the Polar Star and said that hat far farin farIn farin
in the north where the sun never nevercame nevercame nevercame
came and all the other stars wander wanderaround wanderaround wanderaround
around this particular star had its ithhome itshome Itshome
home and always stood still to be the theIndians theIndians theIndians
Indians guide in his wanderings wanderingsFollow wanderingsII
II I Follow Its light said the chief of ofthe atthe ofthe
the pigmies and you will come to your yourown yourown yourown
own land where you will find plenty plentyof plentyof plentyof
of same and where the corn is now nowripe nowripe nowripe
So the hunters thanked the good goodpigmies goodpigmies goodpigmies
pigmies and traveling at night guided guidedby guidedby guidedby
by the Polar Star they came to their theirown theirown theirown
own home where they thoyrested rested and feast feasted feasted feasted ¬
ed and told their people about the TI Tlynsoudagoerr TIynsoudagoerrthc Tiynsoudagoerrtho
ynsoudagoerr ynsoudagoerrthc the star that never nevermoves neermoves nevermoves
moves movesThe movesThe movesThe
The astronomer then turned on the thesteam tQesteam thesteam
steam and rode awa awae soon coming back backto backto backto
to the city The children were all allthoughtful allthoughtful 111thoughtful
thoughtful and when they reached reachedhome reachedhome I Ihomo
home went to bed to dream of the lit little little little ¬
tle girl who led the Indians out of the thetangles thetangles thetangles
tangles of the forest
T is interesting to t note that therehas there therehas herehas
IT has been 0 almost no change in the themethods themethods themethods
methods of bricklaying since the thechildren thechildren thechildren
children of Egypt wrought in the land landof laOllot landof
of Egypt Machinery and innovations of ofvarious otvarious ofvarious
various sorts sortslulVe have completely changed changedthe changedthe changedthe
the methods of several trades withla a ageneration ageneration 1 1generation
generation but the knightof the thetrowal thetrowalbuUdg trowel trowdbuilds trowelbuilds
builds his wall with the same materials materialsand materialsand materialsand
and almost in n the same manner PS IS in inthe Inthe inthe
the days of Moses 108e8 There has been big bigimprovements bigimprovements h hImprovements
improvements in brick making but al almost almost almost ¬
most none in bricklaying This trade tradefor tral1etor tradefor
for thousands of years has defied the theinventor theinventor theinventor
inventor to devise a machine to do the thework thework thework
work workBy workBy workBy
By the introduction of machinery the thelabors tbeJabors thelabors
labors of the carpenter and the ma machinist machinist machinist ¬
chinist as well as of scores of other othertrades othertrades othertrades
trades which could be mentioned have havebeen havebeen havebeen
been simplified to such an extent as to tocause tocause tocause
cause alarm among the great army of ofworkmen ofworkmen ofworkmen
workmen who eke out a livelihood livelihoodthrough livelihoodthrough livelihoodthrough
through those channels Yet the brick bricklayer brlckJayor bricklayer ¬
layer so far has had no cause to feel feelthose frclthose Crelthose
those disquieting features which long longago longago longago
ago started the rumble of discontent discontentamong discontentamong dlscoutontamong
among his brothers tho world over The Theprogress Theprogress rheprogres
progress of time and the great advance advanceof advanceof advanceof
of civilization with all Its achievements achievementsIn
In the way of applied mechanics have haveleft haveleft haveleft
left him severely alone and today the thebricklayer thebrlck thebricklayer
bricklayer brlck arer follows follows his calling In as asprimitive 88primitive asprimitive
primitive method using the same oops topisas oopsas optsas
as did the artisans of ancient Babylon
in the construction pf f the famous Tower Towerof Towerof oVer
of Babel BabelNumerous BabelNumerous BabelNumerous
Numerous attempts have been made by byInventors byInv byinventors
Inventors Inv ntors of the past and present to rub orubth rubthe rubthe
the th bricklayer of his individuality by bysubstituting brsubstltutfng bysubstituting
substituting machinery but that those thoseattempts thtl5cattempts thoseattempts
attempts were werewithout without success is tuMy tuMyverified tuJlyverified tuilyverified
verified by the presence of the man on onthe onthe onthe
the wall and Ills spasmodic cries of ofmort ofmort ofwort
mort The simplicity of the trade trad ban banbeen barbeen
been the bricklayers salvation The Thepiling T1epmng Ttepiling
piling of one brick on another with a athin athin athin
thin layer of mortar between until thewhole the thewhole thewhole
whole wall Is complete to tho layman laymanseems laym1seems laymanseems
seems no difficult task but it takes yearsof years yearsof 1carsof
of practice and close application to the thework thework thework
work for tbe novice to become a skilled skilledmechanic sklUtJdmechanic skilledmechanic
mechanic mechanicThe mechanicThe mechanicThe
The failure of Inventors to relegate the ihebricklayer i thebricklayer c cbricklayer
bricklayer of many centuries into ob oblivion obHvlon oblivion ¬
livion is for the most part responsible responsiblefor
for the healthy condition of the trade tradeat tradeat tradeat
at the present time This failure has hasenabled hnsenabled hasenabled
enabled the bricklayer to assume an air airof airof airof
of independence which is not nth so prominently promi prominently prom promnently ¬
nently apparent In other tr trades des where wherethe vhorethe hore horethe
the mans place can c can n be easily filled fille by bythe bythe bythe
the machine In labor troubles the brick bricklayer bricklayer bricklayer ¬
layer can always be seen taking the ini initiative initiative in intiative ¬
tiative and he Invariably experiences experiencesless experlen experiendesless oJ3 oJ3less
less difficulty In convincing the em employer employer employer ¬
ployer that his demands are within the thebounds thebounds thebounds
bounds of equity and Justice JusticeFor justiceFor
For these reasons r asons the bricklayer commands com commands contmands ¬
mands a remuneration for his labors laborswhich laborswhich
which Is the envy of the followers of f all allother allother
other trades
HE United States Steel Corpora Corporation Corporation Corporation ¬
THE T tion is not only the greatest cor corporation Corpo cor corporation ¬
poration po ration In the world In point pointof pointof pointof
of capital but also in the number of ofstockholders otstockholders ofstockholders
stockholders All over this country in inCanada InCanada inCanada
Canada in England and on the Conti Continent Continent Continent ¬
nent holders of Steel stocks are to be befound befound befound
found foundThe foundThe foundThe
The common stock books have Just Justclosed Justclosed lustclosed
closed for the usual quarterly dividend dividendor
or fa 1 per cent calling for x5000000 5000000 and andIt andIt andit
It has been found that since June C010 C010persons GOl0persons 0010persons
persons have bought the common stock stockThis sttukThis storkThis
This makes a total of 36997 common commonstockholders commonstockholders commonstockholders
stockholders and is an increase of sixty sixtyseven sixtyseven Jlxtyseven
seven new holders for each day of the thethree thethree thethree
three months counting Sundays There Thereare 1booeare Thereare
are 34958 preferred shareholders which whichmakes whichmakes whichmakes
makes a total of 69955 registered the thelargest thelargest thelargest
largest number in the world To this thisthere thisthere thisthere
there should also be added the holdings holdingsof holdlalsof
of the 28000 employes of the corpora corporation corporation corporation ¬
tion who are enrolled under the profit profitsharing proflsharing profitsharing
sharing plan making a grand total of
97955 shareholders shareholdersCensus shareholdersCensus sbareholdorsCensus
Census statisticians allow five persons personato personsto
to a family in the United States On Onthis Onthis Onthis
this basis something like 350000 persons personsderive penons penonsderive personsderive
derive income from Steel stocks sto ks As Asthe Asthe Asthe
the number of employes Is approximate approximately ¬
ly 160000 some 00000 800000 more persons get getfrom getfrom getfrom
from the great corporation a livelihood livelihoodthrough livelihoodthrough livelihoodthrough
through the wages it pays This makes
1150000 or onoclghtloth of tho popu population populaUon population
lation of the United States who ho look tothe to totbe tothe
the Steel Corporation for a living livingTo livingTo livingTo
To this number numb r might well bo added addedthe addedtho addedthe
the shareholders shar holders and nd employes of many manyof manyof I Iof
of the great railroads and transportation transporta transportation transportaI transportatlon ¬ I
tion companies which handle the im immense Immensc Immonse ¬
mense traffic of the company at PIUs Plttsburg PIUsburg PiUsburg ¬
burg and elsewhere Certainly much of ofthe orthe ofthe
the revenue of those companies is de derived derived ¬
0 rived from the operations of the big cor corporation corporatlonand corporationand ¬
poratlonand poration and this thl means mea ns wagon and div dividends dividends ¬
idends for or hundreds of thousands more morepeople morepeople morepeople
people peopleThe peopleThe peopleThecorporations
The Thecorporations corporations which approach approach the
Steel Corporation in magnitude of stock stocklists stocklists stocklists
lists are the Pennsylvania Railroad with
35000 shareholders the Atchison To Topeka Topeka Topeka
peka and Santa Fe with 18000 the thoAmerican theAmerican theAmerican
American Sugar Refining Company Companywith Companywith Companywith
with 15000 and the Union Pacific Rail RaYroad Railroad Railroad ¬
road with 14000 stockholders The Thegreatest Thegreatest Thegreatest
greatest of these the Pennsylvania Rail Railroad Railroad Railroad ¬
road has only half hat as many registered registeredholders registeredholders registeredholders
holders In Canada the Grand Trunk TrunkRailway TrunleRnUway TrunicRailway
Railway is said to have 40000 shareholders share shareholders shareholders ¬
holders holders
I 1
Here Are TwentyEight Prominent Local Knights nights of the Key Who Are Affiliated With the theCommercial theCommercial theCommercial
Commercial Telegraphers Union ofAmerica of America The ThePicture PIcture Was Taken TakenThree TakenThree TakenThree
Three Weeks Ago During a Session of the Washington Local
x NE of the youngest labor organizations or orI organlzaUons
ONE O I ganizations in the country is isthe Isthe isthe
the Commercial Telegraphers TelegraphersUnion TelegraphersUnion TelegraphersUnion
Union of America It has a local In InWashington InWashington InWashington
Washington to which whIch a majority of the thefirstclass thefirstclass thefirstclass
firstclass firstclass telegraphers of the city be belong belong belong ¬
long The present body was formed formedMarch formedMarch formedMarch
March 16 1903 by consolidating the theInternational theInternational theInternational
International Union of Commercial CommercialTelegraphers CommercialTelegraphers CommercialTelegraphers
Telegraphers and the Order of Commer Commercial Commercial Commerclat ¬
cial Telegraphers which up to that time timehad timehad timehad
had maintained for several months in independent Independent independent ¬
dependent organizations organizationsThe
The inception of this union began in inWashington inWashington inWashington
Washington and it is s due largely to the thetelegraphers thetelegraphers thetelegraphers
telegraphers employed here that the theunion thounion theunion
union has attained such headway in the thebrief thebrief thebrief
brief term of its existence Thousands Thousandsof Tho Thousandsof sands sandsof
of telegraphers in different parts of ofthe orthe ofthe
the country have lave Joined since last lastMarch last1larch lastMarch
March and the body has today an Influ Influence Influence influence ¬
ence unusual for an an J organization so soyoung soyoung soyoung
young The facts facts speak well for the theprinciples thoprinciples theprinciples
principles upon which the union was wasfounded wasfounded wasfounded
founded foundedmatory
History of the Organization OrganizationOne OrganizationOne
One year ago thirteen of Washing Washingtons Washingtons Vashlngtons ¬
tons best telegraph telesr h operators known knownas knownas knownas
as the regulars hold several meetings meet meetings meetIngs ¬
ings In n a brokers office in the Atlantic AtlanticBuilding AtlanticBul1dlng AtlanticBuilding
Building to elect a delegate to a gen general general general ¬
eral convention to bo held in Chicago Chicagofor Chicagofor Chicagofor
for the purpose of uniting the telegra telegraphers telegraphers telegraphers ¬
phers of America for their common commoninterest comm common commoninterest n nInterest
interest and protection M H Weber Weberof Woberof Voberof
of the Washington bureau of the New NewYork NewYork NewYork
York Journal was elected as dele delegate delegn dolegate ¬
gate gn o to represent the Washington Washingtonoperators Washingtonoperators Washingtonoperators
operators Mr Weber wont to Chi Chicago Chicago Chicago ¬
cago met delegates there from other othercities othercities othercities
cities and after a stormy threedays threedaysmeeting threedaysI threedaysmeeting
I meeting helped to effect an organiza organization organlzaI organization ¬
I tion then known as the International InternationalUnion IntornationalUnion InternationalUnion
Union of Commercial Telegraphers I IJ IJ IJ
J McDonald of Chicago was chosen chosenpresident chosenpresident chosenpresident
president and A J Douglass of Mil Milwaukee Milwaukee Milwaukee ¬
waukee secretarytreasurer secretarytreasurerAn
An executive board was appointed of ofwhich ofwhich ofwhich
which Mr Weber was made chairman chairmanA
A working constitution and bylaws bylawswere bylawswere bylawswere
were adopted and Mr Weber was In Instructed In8tructed instructed ¬
structed by the convention to obtain obtainan obtainan obtainan
an International charter for the or organization organlzaUon organization ¬
ganization from the American Fedora Federation Fedoratfon Fedoration ¬
tion of Labor When the application applicationfor
for the charter was made Samuel SamuelGompers SamuelGompers SamuelGompers
Gompers president of the Federation Federationof
of Labor called to Washington L W WQuick WI
I Quick of the Order of Railroad Teleg Telegraphers Telegraphers Telegraphers ¬
raphers and a conference was hold holdThia holtlThl holdThis
This Thl order at that time had quite a afollowing afollowing afollowing
following of commercial operators the thelodge tholodgo thelodge
lodge being known as the Order of Com Commercial Commercial Commercial ¬
mercial Telegraphers TolegraphersMessrs TelegraphersMessrs TelegraphersMessrs
Messrs Quick Weber and Gompers Gomperstalked Gomperstalked Gomperstalked
talked over the situation for some time timeand timeand timeand
and called a convention to be held in inPlttsburg InPittsburg inPittsburg
Pittsburg in the month of November NovemberOfficers NovemberOfficers NovemberOfficers
Officers of the I U C T represented by byMr byMr byMr
Mr Weber refused to go to Plttsburg
BAD CASE CASEClarabel CASEClnrabelHe CASEClarabelHe
Clarabel ClnrabelHe He seems to be suffering from heart disease diseaseLillian diseaseLl1l1anIndeed diseaseLillianIndeed
Lillian Ll1l1anIndeed Ll1l1anIndeedClnrabelHc LillianIndeedClarabelHes Indeed IndeedClarabel
ClnrabelHc Clarabel Hea been beenon on the verge rge cf proposing to t 11 mo e for r months months montbst
on the pica that he 4had had exceeded his hisauthority hisauthority hisauthority
authority In consenting conse tl g to the call for forthe fortho forthe
the convention Washington local localhowever local localhowever lo al alhowever
however stood by its ItS delegate and andwithdrew andwithdrew andwithdrew
withdrew from the I U C T Tas as did sev several se seeral sevoral ¬
eral other lodges of the same union unionAccordingly unlonAccordingly unionAccordingly
Accordingly the convention was held in inPlttsburg InPiltsburg n nPittsburg
Plttsburg but the new organization was wasnot wasDot wasnot
not represented by its ts officers officersA > mcers flicersA mcersA
A now body was formed in Pittsburg PittsburgPercy plltsburg plltsburgPercy PittsburgPercy
Percy Thomas of New York being beingelected beingelected beingelected
elected president and J I M r Perkins of ofSt ofSt ofSt
St Louis secretary with an executive executiveboard executiveboard executiveboard
board of which Mr Weber was made madechairman madechairman madechairman
chairman Matters remained in this thiscondition thiscondltlon thiscondition
condition until last March Marchwhen when a a com committee commltteo committee ¬
mittee composed of members Of both organizations or organizations 01ganlzatfons ¬
ganizations met in Washington talked talkedthe talkedthe talkedthe
the situation over and camo to an agree agreement agreement agreemeat ¬
ment upon mooted points A common commonground commOlJground commonground
ground was found upon which all could couldmeet couldmeet couldmeet
meet For the tmo time being L I J McDon McDonald McDonald teDonaId ¬
ald and Percy Thompson were recogniz recognized ¬
ed as associate presidents Wilbur WilburEastlake WilburEastlako WilburEastlako
Eastlako was elected secretarytreas secretarytreasurer ¬
urer and A J Douglass editor of the theorders theorderos theorders
orders official organ known as the theJournal theJournal theJournal
Journal and printed in Milwaukee MilwaukeeThocommlttee MilwaukeeThocommUtee MilwaukeeThecommtttee
Thocommlttee in Washington Vashing n selected selectedJuly selectedJuly selectedJuly
July 19 the twentieth anniversary of ofthe oftho ofthe
the strike of tho commercial operators operatorsin operatorIn
in the 80s as the date of a con convention convtnUon convention ¬
vention to be held in New York M H HWeber HWeber HWeber
Weber and C H Dally were delegates delegatesfrom delegatesfrom delegatesfrom
from the Washington local localThe localThe localThe
The New York Convention ConventionThe ConventionThe ConventionThe
The convention which met in New NewYork NewYork NewYork
York contained as intelligent a set of ofmen ofIDcn ofmen
the af affairs affnlrs affairs
men as ever convened to shape ¬
fairs of a labor organization It was wasperhaps wasperhaps wasperhaps
perhaps for this reason that the ques questions questions questions ¬
tions which hlch had involved tho order were weredebated weredebated weredebated
debated debated at great eat length before conclu conclusions con conclusions lu luslons ¬
sions were reached The convention conventionlasted conventfonlasted conventionlasted
lasted a week but its work is now nowrecognized nowreco nowrecognized
recognized reco nizcd as the best ever accomplish accomplished ¬
ed by any similar body of men The Theconstitution Theconstltutlon Theconstitution
constitution adopted is a conservative conservativedocument c conservativedocument nservatlYe nservatlYedocumont
document and the laws which are are to togovern togovern togovern
govern govern the union are of a character character to tomake tomake tomake
make it t one of the most efficient and andinfluential andInfiuentlal andinfluential
influential bodies of the kind in inexistence Inexistence inexistence
existence At the New York convention conventionA
A J Long was elected president ot otthe otthe ofthe
the reorganized body Wilbur Eastlake Eastlakesecretarytreasurer EastlakesecrQtarytreasurer Eastlakesecretarytreasurer
secretarytreasurer and A J Douglass Douglasseditor Douglassdltor Douglasseditor
editor dltor of the official organ organSince organSince organSince
Since the meeting In New York the theunion theunion theunion
union has made enormous strides inmembership in inmembership Inmembership
membership It has 1000 in Chicago
800 in New York about 100 In Washington Wash Washington WashIngton ¬
ington and similar representations in inother inthor isother
other thor cities In all the larger cites cities the theunion theunion theunion
union has a majority of the operators operatorsworking op operatorsworking rators ratorsworking
working in commercial lines linosThe IInosThe linesThe
The main effort of the union is to toplace toplace toplace
place Its members in the best positions positionswhere posltfonswhere positionswhere
where It has a local It claims to Ue Ueable Uoable lieable
able to do this because it only takes takesthe takesthe takesthe
the best men into its membership and andthose andthose andthose
those who are in full sympathy with 1th the thework thework thework
work of the union Its members strive strivefor strivetor strivefor
for excellence in the telegrapn prorea proression proreaslon proosslon
slon and havo an intelligent apprecia appreciation appreciation appreciation ¬
tion of the fact that in commercial po positions positions positions ¬
sitions good operators are needed Mem Members Members Members ¬
bers who for any an reason may be dis discharged discharged discharged ¬
charged in one plaoe arc looked after afterand afterand afterand
and given positions In another It is Isa Isaptlrt a apart apart
part of tha policy of the union to In Interest Interest intorest ¬
terest business men in the members membersand membersand membersand
and prove to them that the best opera ¬
tors are to be be found fo nd only in in its ranksThis ranks ranksThis ranksThis
This policy works works of course ourse both ways waysin waysin waysin
in getting the thebest best men into the union unionand unionand unionand
and In getting them into the best po positions poSIUOLS positloLs ¬
sitions where they theyNo remain remainNo remainNo
No Resort to Strikes StrikesOne StrikpsOne StrikesOne
One of the principles of the union is isthat Isthat isthat
that no strike shall be called The Thepolicy ThepolIcy Thepolicy
policy is to deal with Ith one thing at a atime a atime atime
time and one case at a time if need be beand beand beand
and to accomplish through other means meanswhat meanswhat meanswhat
what the union wants For example if ifmembers Ifmembers ifmembers
members are in a position where un unreasonable unreasonable uareasonable ¬
reasonable things are required of them themeither themeltber themeither
either in regard to working hours or orwages orwages orwages
wages the union would seek redress red ess by bypeaceful bypeaceful bypeaceful
peaceful means rather than to resort to toa toa toa
a strike In case of opposition in any anyquarter anyquarter anyquarter
quarter the union operates in a quiet quietbut quietbut quietbut
but effective way A broker may be beopposed beopposed beopposed
opposed to employing union labor with withunion withunion withunion
union restrictions He loses business or orrather orrather orrather
rather the broker who does employ the theunion theunion theunion
union man Increases his business Said Saida
a prominent member memberIn memberIn
In one intance in nc three men were dis discharged discharged discharged ¬
charged without warning because they
had Joined the union The offlcers omcerso officers of
the union at that point went to a firm firmcarrying firmcarrying
carrying on a similar business ana an < I pro proand
posed tf that t the men should be taken on
and and promised a sufficient Increase Increl se m n
business to warrant It The union kept
its part of the contract and the com ¬
pany which engagedthe engaged the men was more
than satisfied By means like this some ¬
times in one way and sometimes in an ¬
other the union carries its points it
does not fight with the strike and boy ¬
cott cott but with weapons eapons quite as effec ¬
tive It Is possible that the present
constitution may be changed at some
future convention but it is thought the
success of the union under the conserva ¬
tive policy which It has followed will
serve to continue it for or years to come comeThe comeThe comeThe
The Washington Local fLocdEach LocalEach LocalEach
Each local like the national
or organization organization organization ¬
ganization Is Is governed by a staff of offi officers omccrs ofilcers ¬
cers and an executive board The
offi officers omcersof officers ¬
cers cersof of the theWnshlngt Washington n local arc E A
Heasley of the White hlte House telegraph telegraphstaff telegraphstaff
staff president R j T Prender of the theTreasury theTreasury
I Treasury reasury Department secretarytreas secretarytreasurer ¬
I urer W We J McEntee of the Postal vice vicepresident vIcepresident vicepresident
president and B J Beall of of the Postal Postalsergeantatarma Postalsergcantatarms Postalsergeantatarms
sergeantatarma The executive board
Is made up of H L Wilson chairman chairmanW
W Russell Henry Dolan C D Evans EvansMartin EvansMartin EvansMartin
Martin Kane L W Yo Carter and Frank H HLantz HLan HLantz
Lantz LantzThe Lan LantzThe tz tzThe
The Washington local holds its
meet meetings meefIngs meetings ¬
ings at tho Typographical Temple
It meets twice each
month to
con consider consider consider ¬
sider matters relating to the local
body The meetings are largely at ¬
tended and groat interest is taken by the thomembers t110members themembers
members In the objects of the organiza ¬
tion The member is bound boun by a pledge
to toablde abide by and conform with the laws lawsrules lawsrules lawsrules
rules regulations mandates and edicts edictsof edictsot edictsof
of the order orderWashington orderWashington orderWashington
Washington telegraphers who have
talked with The Times reporter about
the affairs of the union are of the opin ¬
ion that tho telegraphers of the Capital Capitalwill Capitalw111 Capitalwill
will be much benefited by affiliation with
the union Through the organization
they stand together and can work with
the combined force of the membership
for the accomplishment of any given givenpurpose giycnpurpose givenpurpose
purpose Moreover Moreo er it is thought that
If for any reason a member loses his hisposition hisposltfon hisposition
position he will be cared for by the theunion theunion theunion
union until he is placed in another one
All the advantages of organization are
found in this union with an escape un ¬
der the present constitution and laws
from many of its disadvantages
G G I T REALIZE most keenly this Is the theage theago
1 ago of the new woman when I Ihear Ibear Ihear
hear my granddaughters discussing their theirplans theirplans theirplans
plans for tho future said a Washington Washingtongrand Washingtongrand Vashlngtongrand
grand dame of seventythree One of ofthem ofthem ofthem
them says she is going to bo a trained trainednurse tralnpdnurse trainednurso
nurse and another declares she is going goingto goingto goingto
to be a cooking school s hool teacher Really Reallyit
it is strange to hear little girls talking talkingthat talkingthat talkingthat
that way I heard none ot it when I was wasyoung w wasyoung s syoung
young We re thought th ught it almost a disgrace disgracefor disgraetfor disgracefor
for a woman to bo obliged to work for formoney formoney rormoney
money If we thought of the future nt atall ntall 1t 1tall
all it was simply with marriage In Inview Inview inview
view I remember I thought that if I Iwere Iwere Iwere
were not married by tho time I was waseighteen waseighteen waseighteen
eighteen or twenty I should bo Ie made a ulaughing alaughing alaughing
laughing stock by the rest of the girls girlsNow girlsN girlsNdw
Now N w you find a majority of the girls girlsplanning girlsplanning girlsplanning
planning a future of Independent work workA workA workA
A few a very very few cling to tho Idea Ideathat ideathat
I that they would like to be educated in ina ina inarfashionable
a arfashionable j fashionable boarding school and be become ¬
I come dome fine ladles with nothing to do but
flit from one pleasure to another and andplay anrlplay andplay
play at charity But the majority majoilty of oflittle oflittle oflittle
little school chool girls are sensible lassies lassieslooking 10851011 10851011looking lassioslooking
looking forward with a healthy interest interestto
to a future where
they will take an anactive anactive anactive
active part in the world worldOf worldOf worldOf
Of course they do not all become becomewhat becomewbat becomow
what w at they expect to be in their school schooldays schooldays schooldn
days dn s The girl who at ten wishes to Io bea Ioa 10a
a trained nurse at twenty may become becomea
a stenographer and the cooking school schoolaspirant schoolaspirant schoolaspirant
aspirant may turn out to be an actress actressBut actressBut actressBut
But I like to hear their eager school schoolgirl schoolgirl schoolgirl
girl plans for it t denotes a determina determination determination determination ¬
tion to be part of the busy world a adesire adesire adesire
desire to share in its responsibilities responsibilitiesand
and get its rewards and a wish to live livea
a broad complete Independent life Of Ofcourse Ofcourse Ofcourse
course I am supposed to say that the theold thoold theold
old days were best but frankly I be believe be1I0e behove ¬
hove this now era is far better than thanthe thanthe thanthe
the old when beaus and marriage wera weraall weraall wereall
all that occupied occupl d the thoughts of girls girlsI
I only wish I had been born in the cen century century century ¬
tury of 0 tho new woman
C known as the artist evange evangelist evangelist orangelist
list who is In the city is the thepossessor thepossessor thepossessor
possessor of the Bible used by Dwight DwlghtL DwightMoody
L I Moody In his evangelistic services servicesfor servlc servicesfor s stor
for many years Mr r Furman held a aseries aseries aseries
series of night meetings at the Central CentralUnion CenlralUnion CentralUnion
Union Mission and in one of them made madea
a reference to the th Bible which he said saidbad saidhad saidhad
had been round the world worldThe worldThe worldThe
The passing of the book from the pos possession possession possession ¬
session of Mr Moody to that of Mr Fur Furman Furman Furman ¬
man Is curiously interesting and within withinthe withinthe withinthe
the book in writing and by other proofs proofsis proo s sIs
is the evidence of the truth of the thestory thestory thestory
story storyOn storyOn storyOn
On the flyleaf of the Bible is the in inscription InscrIption inscription ¬
scription To Martin L Hollenbeck HollenbeckFrom HollenbeckFrom HollenbeckFrom
From His Friend D L Moody This Thisis ThisIs Thisis
is written in Mr Moodys handwriting handwritingas
as is shown by numerous numero s annotations annotationsthroughout annotatl annotationsthroughout > > ns nsthroughout
throughout the book in the same writ writing wrlttng writing ¬
ing ingMr
Mr Hollenbeck was an evangelist and andone andone andone
one night in March 1880 was sitting sittingon sfttln sfttlnon sittingon
on the platform in St Louis while Mr MrMoody MrMoody Ir IrIoody
Moody was preaching to a large audience audienceon
on the subject of Faith FaithHolding FalthHolding FaithHolding
Holding his Bible Bible in his hand Mr MrMoody Mrltoody MrMoody
Moody turned to Mr Hollenbeck and andsaid andsaid andsaid
Brother If I should say I would give giveyou giveyou giveyou
you this book you would believe It Itwould Jtwould itwould
would you not notMr notMr notMr
Mr Hollenbeck replied In the affirma affirmative affirmative affirmative ¬
tive and Mr Moody continued continuedThen continuedThen continuedThen
Then you would be exercising faith faithin faithIn faithin
in my promise promiseMr promiseMr promiseMr
Mr Moody then went on to develop develophis develophis develophis
his subject showing that the promises promisescontained promisescontained promisescontained
contained in the Bible were as sure as ashis ashis ashis
his own statement would be to Mr Hol Hollenbeck Hollenbeck Hollenbeck ¬
lenbeck and to clinch the argument he heturned heturned heturned
turned and said saidBrother saidBrother saidBrother
Brother I give you the book as asChrist asChrist asChrist
Christ will surely give peace pe peace ce and Joy Joyin joyin joyin
in the world to come to the sinner who whobelieves whobelieves whobelieves
believes believesMr believesMr believesMr
Mr Moody afterward asked Mr Hol Hollenteck Hollenteck Hollenbeck
lenteck to give back his Bible as the ihegift thegift thegift
gift was made use of as an illustration illustrationbut illustrationbut illustrationbut
but Mr Hollenbeck Hollenbeck held the preacher preacherto
to his gift glf and the latter inscribed his hisname hisname hisname
name as it It appears today on the flyleaf flyleafGoes flyleafGoes flyleafGoes
Goes on a Long Journey JourneyA
A few months later Mr Moody and andMr andr andMr
Mr r Hollenbeck Hollenbeck parted parted company and the thalatte tholalle thelatter
latte latter went on a preaching tour to the theSandwich theSandwich theSandwich
Sandwich Islands to China India to toTurkey tolurkey toTurkey
Turkey to London and back to Chi Chicago Chicago Chicago ¬
cago The book had entirely encircled encircledthe encircledthe encircledthe
the globe in the hands of Mr Hollen Hollenbeck Hollenbeck HoIIenbeck ¬
beck beckIn beckIn beckIn
In 1890 the Chicago evangelist died diedand diedand diedand
and his effects were sold The Moody MoodyBible MoodyBible MoodyBible
Bible with a number of papers was wasplaced wasplaced wasplaced
placed In an old barrel bought by a aChicago aChicago aChicago
Chicago Junk dealer and shipped to New NewYork NewYork NewYork
York When opened oP ned and sorted in therag the therag therag
rag shop of John C Stockwell St ckwell 25 Ann AnnStreet AnnStreet AnnStreet
Street New York the Bible was picked pickedout
out of the rubbish by oy a young man and andtaken andtaken andtaken
taken to Mr Stockwell as something ot otvalue otvalue ofvalue
value Mr Stockwell was at the time
Evangelist EvangelistInterested EvangelistInterested Evangelistinterested
Interested in the work of the artist artistevangelist artistevangellst artistevangelist
evangelist Mr Furman and gave him himthe himthe himthe
the book which Mr Furman now re regards rebards regards ¬
gards as almost a priceless possession possessionOn possessionOn
On January 8 1900 when the Moody Moodymemorial Moodymemorial Moodymemorial
memorial service was held in Carnegie CarnegieHall CarnegJHall CarnegieHall
Hall New York Mr Ir Furman took the theold theold theold
old Bible with him to the meeting It Ithappened Ithappened Ithappened
happened that Dr Pierson who presid presided presided presided ¬
ed forgot to bring a Bible and an In Inquiry tnqulry inquiry ¬
quiry being made for one Mr Furman Furmanoffered Furmaaotrered Furmanoffered
offered his and from the Bible which whichMr whichIr whichMr
Mr Ir Moody so dramatically gave away awayin awayIn awayin
in St Louis twenty years before was wasread wasread wasread
read the Scripture lesson lessonWorth lessonWorth lessonWorth
Worth More Than rooo roooMr roooMr roooMr
Mr Furman has received an offer ot
1000 for the book from an admirer of ofMr ofMr ofMr
Mr Moody In Boston but refuses to topart topart topart
part with it itThe ItThe itThe
The book Is a Bagster edition and was waspublished waspublished waspublished
published in London in the seventies seventiesIt
It is old and worn and some of the theleaves tneleaves theleaves
leaves were made thin by Mr Moody Moodybefore Moodybefore Moodybefore
before it passed out of a his hands Mr MrMoodys Mr1loodys MrMoodys
Moodys favorite text on which to preach preachwas preachwas preachwas
was John 11116 For God so loved the theworld theworld theworld
world that He gave His only begotten begottenSon begottenSon begottenSon
Son that whosoever believcth bellev th In Him Himshould Himshould Himshould
should not perish but have everlasting everlastinglife eYerlastln eYerlastlnUfe everlastinglife
life These words appear appearn en page
65 of the New Testament This page Is Isinterlined IsInterUned isinterlined
interlined the margin is written full tull of ofnotes ofnotes ofnotes
notes and from long use the leaf is al almost almost a amost ¬
most ready to fall to pieces pl es The op opposite oppOslte opposite
posite page near the margin was wasact wasactually actually act actually ¬
ually worn away by Mr Moodys thumband thumb thumband thumband
and the 13th and 14th verses of the first firstchapter tlrstchapter firstchapter
chapter are practically gone goneThe goneThe goneThe
The book contains on the fly leaves the thenames thenames thenames
names of Ira D Sankey George C Need Needham Needham Needham
ham of Chicago and numerous other otherpeople otherpeople otherpeople
people of less note noteThe noteIbe noteThe
The book shows that Mr r Moodys texts textswere textsere textswere
were ere nearly all from the New Testament Testamentand Testamentand Testamentand
and the greater part of them from the tnefour thetour thefour
four Gospels Every page bears some somemark somemark somemark
mark of the great preacher and when It Itpassed Itpassed Itpassed
passed from his hi his lands one can well be believe believe believe ¬
lieve that he parted with one of his best bestand bestand bestand
and most useful possssslons poss sslons
VERYONE notices o tces the blue color colorI colror colorof
EVERYONE E I of the sky It has grown familiar familiarto w
to all by dally d l1Y observation from fromchildhood fromchildhood fromchildhood
childhood yet few persons realize the thegreat thegreat thegreat
great scientific and artistic interest at attaching attaching attaching ¬
taching to this beautiful color colorSir colorSir colorSir
Sir Isaac Newton tried to explain the thecolor thecolor thecolor
color In the year 1675 by referring it to totho tothe tothe
the blue colors seen in the soap bubbles bubblesused bubblesused bubblesused
used In his experiments He thought thoughtthe thoughtthe thoughtthe
the air was filled with small sm l1 particles of ofwater ofwater ofwater
water which reflect the blue portions of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the suns light falling fa1lln upon upon our earth earthand earthand earthand
and thus produce the blue tints o oJ of the tbefirmament thefirmament thefirmament
firmament firmamentSir firmamentSir firmamentSir
Sir John Herschel explained tho color colorof colorof colorof
of the sky by Newtons theory but later laterwriters laterwriters laterwriters
writers have proved that in some impor important Important Important ¬
tant respects his theory was as wrong wrongWhat wrongWhat Tong TongWhat
What Tyndall dall Discovered DiscoveredIn
In 1869 Prof John Tyndall the famousBritish famous famousBritish famouaBrltfsh
British physicist found found that he could couldproduce couldproduce couldproduce
produce sky blue by experiments In Intho Inthe inthe
the laboratory For this purpose purPose he hefilled hefilled hefilled
filled a glass tube about a yard long longand longnnd longand
and three inches in diameter with air airof airof airof
of onetenth the ordinary density mixed mixedwith mixedwith mixedwith
with nitrite of butyl vapor which is ex extremely extremely extremely ¬
tremely volatile Then on passing passingthrough passingthrough passingthrough
through the mixture a powerful beam beamof beamof beamof
of electric light in a room otherwise otherwisedark otherwisedark otherwisedark
dark the mixture precipitated a beauti beautiful beautiful beautiful ¬
ful blue cloud which in color rivaled the thefinest thefinest thefinest
finest Italian sky Further experiments experimentsproved experlmentsproyed experim nts ntsproved
proved to Tyndall that he had at last lastdiscovered lastI lastdiscovered
discovered the secret of the he blue color colorof colorI colorof
of the sky which had puzzled the great greatest greatest greatest ¬
I est philosophers phllosoph rs of all ages agesLord agesI agesLord
Lord Rayleigh the famous professor professorof
of experimental physics at Cambridge CambridgeEngland CambritlgeEngland CambridgeEngland
I England and one of King Edwards orig original origInal original ¬
inal twelve members of the new ne Order Orderof Orderof Orderof
of Merit has investigated Tyndalls the theory theory theory ¬
ory of the color of the sky by profound profoundmathematical profoundmathematical profoundmathematical
mathematical researches extending over overmany overmany overmany
many years He confirms Tyndalls the theory theory theory ¬
ory that the blue arises from the reflec reflection reflection reflection ¬
tion of f sunlight from small particles in
the air less than 1100000 of an inch in indiameter Indiameter indiameter
diameter diameterThese diameterThese diameterThese
These These atomic particles fill the atmos atmosphere atmosphere atmosphere ¬
phere and by reflecting the blue part of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the suns light give the dome of tho theheavens thoheavens thoheavens
heavens a a bluish tintSoftie tint tintSome tintSome
Some of these particles are water but butmost butmost butmost
most of them are composed ot the oxy oxygen oxygen oxygen ¬
gen and nitrogen of the air airProf airProf airProf
Prof T J J See Is ont on ot o the Ameri American American American ¬
can scientists who has studied the sub subject subject subject ¬
ject In another aspect He has observed observedthe observedthe observedthe
the color of the sky in various alti altitudes altitudes altitudes ¬
tudes In nigh mountains and In dry and andmoist andmoist andmoist
moist countries countriessueh such as Egypt and andGreece andGreece andGreece
Greece and Arizona and the Mississippi MississippiValley MississIppIValle MississippiValley
Valley Valle His conclusion Is that the beau beautiful beautiful beautiful ¬
tiful red red dolors of sunsets and sunrises sunrisesso
so much spoken of by Greek and Roman Romanwriters Romnnwriters Romanwriters
writers and so often illustrated in land landscape landscape ¬
l scape painting arise from water vapor vaporin vaporin
i in the lower regions of the atmosphere atmosphereabsorbing atmosphereabsorbing
I absorbing the blue and transmitting the thered thered
I red light According to Dr See the red reddish redI reddish
dish colors come from that part of our ourair ournIr ourair
air within five miles of the earths sur surface surface surface ¬
I face while the deep blue of the sky skyarises skynrisesfrom skyarises
arises nrisesfrom from reflections of minute parti particles particles particles ¬
cles In the higher parts of our atmos atmosphere atmosphere atmosphere ¬
phere phereThe phereThe phereThe
The water vapor does not extend very
high clouds never rising higher than
ten miles above the earth The bluo bluostreaks bluostreaks biuostreaks
streaks cast by clouds at sunset show showthat sbowthat showthat
that the red arises near the earth while whilethe whllethe whilethe
the blue has Its seat very high up upAbove I1pAbove upAbove
Above the atmosphere the sky has all allthe allthe 111 111the
the blackness of the darkest night nightDuration nightDuration nightDuration
Duration of Sunset Colors ColorsProf ColorsProf ColorsProf
Prof See has watched the duration durationof
of the blue sky after atterdark dark and found foundIt
It to continue for about an hour and andfifteen andfifteen andfifteen
fifteen minutes mlnut s and from this he shows showsthat showsthat showsthat
that the atmosphere extends to a height heightof
of fully 130 miles Astronomers have haveusually haveusually haveusually
usually found the height of the t e atmos atmosphere atmosphere atmosphere ¬
phere by computing the height of me meteors m mteors me meteors ¬
teors but none ever made the height of ofthe otthl3 ofthe
the atmosphere over 100 miles milesThe milesThe milesThe
The study of the blue color of the sky skythus skythus skythus
thus proves also that our atmosphere atmosphereextends atmosphereextends atmosphereextends
extends considerably higher than scien scientists scientists scientists ¬
tists have heretofore supposed
Visitor VisitorThe The grass on your lawn Is awfully long longHis longHis longs longsHis
l His Host HostYes Yes I know and Ijm IIlS9IngJot going to cut t it as soon as the neighbor nclghbora11nlsh
finish with my lawn mower

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