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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, October 04, 1903, Magazine Features, Image 28

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4 THE WASHINGTON TIMES SUNDAY OCTOBER 4 1903
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Plans Showing the ProposepJ Proposep
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N the accompanying map The TheTimes TheTimes TheTimes
IN
Times presents a ground plan ofthe of ofthe ofthe
the proposed Union Station the theapproaches thezpproaches theapproaches
approaches from the north and the theyards theyards theyards
yards and shops in Eckington Not Notwithstanding Notwithstanding Notwithstanding ¬
withstanding the extent of the work worktc worktt workto
tc the southward including the tunnel tun tunnel tunIJel ¬
nel the removal of grade crossings crossingsand crossingsand crossingsand
and the bridge across the Potomac Potomacthe Potomacthe Potomacthe
the improvements shown in this map mapare mapare mapare
are in many ways the most important importantconnected importantconnected importantconnected
connected with the enterprise which whichwill whichill whichwill
will ill give Washington entirely new newrailroad newrailroad newrailroad
railroad terminals The work in Eckington Eck Eckington Eckington ¬
ington alone will have a significant significantbearing significantbearing significantbearing
bearing upon the future development developmentof
of the city cityThe cityThe cityThe
The station fronts on Massachusetts MassachusettsAvenue Massachusettsenue MassachusettsAvenue
Avenue enue between Second Street east eastand eastnnd eastand
and North Capitol Street Street The north northwest northWest northwest ¬
west corner of the station will stand standJ
300 J 00 feet north of the line of Massa Massachusetts Massachusetts Massachusetts ¬
chusetts Avenue and 350 feet east of ofthe ofthc ofthe
the line of North Capitol Street StreetThe StreetThe StreetThe
The southwest corner will be 225 feet feetnorth feetllortb feetnorth
north of the line of Massachusetts MassachusettsAvenue MassachusettsAvenue Ia8SachusettsAvenu
Avenue or about twentyseven feet feetnorth feetnorth feetnorth
north of the line of Cincinnati Street StreetThe streetThe StreetThe
The station lines will be included with within within within ¬
in a width of 750 feet At the front frontof frontof frontof
of the station is proposed an elliptical ellipticalplaza cllipticaiplaza ellipticalplaza
plaza 425 feet through its shorter and
1000 feet through its longer diame diameter diameter diameter ¬
ter The station building will be 350 350feet 350ftet 350feet
feet deep Along the north side of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the building will ba opened a new newstreet newstreet newstreet
street extending from Massachusetts MassachusettsAvenue MassachusettsAvenue MassnchufcttAcnuc
Avenue to First Street near H Street Streetand StreetRnd Streetsnd
and new streets will be cut from North NorthCapitol NorthCapitol
Capitol through to the plaza from D Dand Dand
and E Streets F G I L and N NStreets NStreets
Streets will ill be closed H K and M MStreets 11Streets MStreets
Streets and Florida lorida Avenue will bu buopen buopen beopen
open The train sheds will extend extendfrom extendfrom tend tendfrom
from the rear of the station building buildingnortheastward buildingncrthcnstward buildingnortheastward
northeastward to a line drawn from fromnenr fromnear fromnear
near the corner of I and Second SecondStreets SecondStrCits SecondStreets
Streets to a point north of the corner cornerol
01 I and First Streets northeast From
this line the terminal lines converge convergefrom convergefrom convergefrom
from a width of 850 feet to 200 feet feelat feetat feetat
at L Street north of Second Street StreetAt StreetAt StreetAt
At the east end of the station the thetracks thetracks thetracks
tracks from the south emerging emeIb ng from fromthe fromthe fromthe
the tunnel at B Street will run on a alevel alevel alevel
level thirty feet below the ground groundfloor groundfloor groundfloor
floor of the station stationTHREE stationTHREE stationTHREE
THREE ROADS FROM THE NORTH WORTHInto NORTHInto NORTHInto
Into the new station which lies liesalong n nalong liesalong
along the line of Delaware Avenue Avenuewill A Avenuewill venuo venuowill
will enter the tracks of the Metropoli Metropolitan ¬
tan Branch and main line of ofilie the Bal Baltimore Baltimore Baltimore ¬
timore and Ohio and those of the ihcPennsylvania thelennsyhani thePennsylvania
Pennsylvania road The tracks of the theMetropolitan theM theMetropolitan
Metropolitan M tropolitnn Branch Bran h will be straight straightened straightened straightened ¬
ened from a point near U Street Streetnnd Streetnndcnmed and andearned andcarried
earned into the line of Delaware Ave Avenue Avenue Avenue ¬
nue The main line of the Baltimore Baltimoreand Baltimorcand Baltimoreand
and Ohio curves to the cast from Del Delaware Delaware Delaware ¬
aware Avenue at Q Street crossing crossingFourth crossingFourth crossingFourth
Fourth and Fifth Streets and the theBrentwood theBrcntwood theBrentwood
Brentwood Road at its intersection intersectionwith intersectionwith intersectionwith
with Sixth Street At Ninth Street it itswings itswings itswings
swings in in parallel with New York YorkAvenue YorkAvenue
Avenue A enue on the west side of the yard yardwhich yardwhich
which is 450 feet wide at that point pointIt pointIt
It then verges northward again on a along along
long curve and joins the track of the themain themain themain
main line at Langdon Station StationThe StationThe
The tracks of the Pennsylvania Pennsylvaniaroad Pennsylvaniaroad
road curve eastward at Florida Avenue Ave Avenue ¬
nue to a point 100 feet north of New NewYork NewYork
York Avenue and run parallel with withthat withthat
that avenue to a point beyond Montana Mon Montana ¬
tana Avenue where they curve again againto
to a line running cast midway be between between between ¬
tween U and W V Streets to the District Districtline Districtli Districtline
1 line li e These tracks track pass across th thBladensburg tliBladensburg
I Bladensburg Ro d d near its intersec intersection intersection ¬
I tion with the Queens Chapel Road Hondthrough Roadthrough
through the southeastern corner of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the grounds of the Reform School Schoolacross Schoolacross
across the Anacostia flats and over overthe oerthe overthe
the Eastern Branch on a steel bridge bridgeThey bridgeThey
They join the main line of the Pennsylvania Penn Pennsylvania ¬
sylvania Road at Mngnider Station in inMaryland injfaryJand inMaryland
Maryland MarylandThe MarylandThe
The floor of the proposed > > ro > > osed union
station will be about 45 feet above the thepresent thepresent thepresent
present grade of F Street and the thebumping thebumping thebumping
bumping blocks where the trains willstop will willstop willstop
stop slightly slightly below the floor Tho Thotracks Th Thtracks Thtracks
tracks in the train shed will ill be on a
3 per cent grade sloping to the north northThe northThe northThe
The trains from the South coming comingthrough comingthrough comingthrough
through the tunnel will be a few feet feetabove feetabove feetabove
above the present grade of F Fnnd and G GStreets GStreets GStreets
Streets and the thepasscngers passengers will enter enterthe enterthe enterthe
the station above by climbing stairs or orby orby orby
by means of elevators to be construct constructed ¬
ed for the purpose The tracks from fromthe fromthe fromthe
the North will pass about twentyfive twentyfivefeet twentyfivefeet twentyfivefeet
feet above H Street and those coming comingout comingGut comingGut
Gut of the tunnel about twenty feet feetThe fectThe feetThe
The grade north from Massachusetts MassachusettsAvenue MassachusettsAvenue Mo5 achusctts achuscttsAvenue
Avenue is 8 per cent which is main maintained maintained maintamed ¬
tained to Ninth Street in Eckington EckingtonThe EckingtonoThe EckingtonThe
The tracks out of the station join jointhose jointhose jointhose
those coming out of the tunnel at hStreet K KStreet KStreet
Street above the th street From M MStreet 11Street DIStreet
Street south there will be a fill At Atthat Atthat Atthat
that point for 400 feet north there is isa isa isa
a cut through the bank at that point pointBeyond pointBeyond pointBeyond
Beyond Florida Avenue there is much muchfilling muchmling muchfilling
filling to be done where the yard be begins begins begins ¬
gins on the level of the street grades gradesSPACE gradesSPACE gradesSPACE
SPACE TO BE CLEAREDBeginning CLEARED CLEAREDBeginning CLEAREDBeginning
Beginning near the intersection inters ction of ofNew ofNew ofNew
New York Avenue and Fourth Street Streetthere Streetthere Streetthere
there is a heavy cut which at the high highest highest highest ¬
est point near Ninth Street is eighty eightyfive dightyfive ightyfive
five feet deep More than this a space spacemust spacemust spacemust
must be cleared sufficient to accommo accommodate accommpdnte acconrtnodate ¬
date to tracks and accessories of the thecar thecar thecar
car yards 800 feet in width Beyotid BeyotidTwelfth BCJ BeyutidTwelfth bd bdTwelfth
Twelfth Street there is a slight fill fillwhen fillwhen fillwhen
when cutting again again begins and is car carried carried carTied ¬
ried through to Fifteenth Street StreetThen Streetlhen StreetThen
Then comes a long fill reaching to toTwentyfourth t tiwontyfourth toTwentyfourth
Twentyfourth Street the tracks pass passing pnssing passing ¬
ing over the Bladensburg Road on a abridge abridge abridge
bridge At Thirtyfifth Street near nearthe nearthe nearthe
the grounds of the Reform School the thePennsylvania thePennsylvania thePennsylvania
Pennsylvania tracks will ill be brought broughtthrough broughtthrough broughtthrough
through a cut seventyfive feet deep deepwhere deepwhere deepwhere
where the bluff rises abruptly above abovethe abovethe abovethe
the Anacostia flats Across the flats
there is a high fill now in process of ofgrading ofgrading ofgrading
grading gradingFor gradingFor gradingFor
For the construction of the station stationand stntionand stationand
and the approaches to the northward northwardit
it i will ill be necessary to move 100ve760000e 100ve760000ecubic 7600000 7600000cubic 7600000cubic
cubic yards of material About
2220000 yards i r < ls of the material is to tobe tob tobe
be b removed from the space bounded boundedby bonndedb boundedby
by b New York Montana and Patter Patterson Patterson Patterson ¬
son Avenues and the Brentwood Road RoadDrawing RoadDrawing RoadDrawing
Drawing a circle from < a point near nearthe nearthe nearthe
the intersection of New York ahdFlorida ahd ahdFlorida ahdlorida
Florida lorida Avenues as a center of 3000 3000feet 3000feet 3000feet
feet radius and about 90 per cent of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the earth to be removed will be within withinthe withinthe ithil1tho
the northern north em half of o the circumfer circumference cir circumference 1mfer 1mferencc ¬
ence The greater part of it is when wherethe whenthe wherfthe
the yard lines pass through the high highhill hi highhill h hhill
hill covered with woods on the west western westernside westernside en enside
side of Kendall Green In depressing depressingthe doprcssinthe
the streets between Massachusetts and andFlorida andFlorida mdFlorida
Florida Avenues 300000 yards of ofearth ofearth ofearth
earth must be inoved moved and 100000 100000yards 100001rards 1000Oyards
yards immediately south of Rhode RhodeIsland RhodeIsland RhodeIsland
Island Avenue where the freight freightEheds frci freightFheds ht htfhecls
Eheds are being built builtSome builtSome builtSome
Some 000000 yards nrds of earth will he berequired herequired herequired
required to fill the space within th thterminal tht tlrterminal
terminal t rnlinal walls between Massachusetts Massachusettsand Massachusettand Massachusettsand
and Florida Avenues More thaI
500000 yards ards will be delivered de1i ercd to thf thfDistrict thfDishirt theDistrict
District Commissioners at some point pointnear pointnear pointnear
near Massachusetts Avenue A ycnue for the theconstruction theconstruction theconstruction
construction of the plaza and 250000 250000yards 210000yards 250000yards
yards will be taken by the railroad railroadcompany railroadcompany railroadcompany
company at some point in Eckington Eckingtonfor
for use on other parts of the line and andthe andthe andthe
the balance will be dumped on a flat flatplace flntplnce fiatplace
place near the Baltimore and Qhio Qlriotracks Qhiotiaclcs Qhiotracks
tracks north of University Station on onthe onthe onthe
the Metropolitan Branch BranchFOUNDATION BrnnchFOUNDATION BranchFOUNDATION
FOUNDATION FOR STATION STATIONFor STATIONFor STATIONFor
For the foundations of the stationfor station stationfor stationfor
for retaining walls at the open op n streets streetsand streetsand streetsand
and for the lateral walls of the ter terminal terminal terminal ¬
minal 100000 cubic yards of masonry masonrymust masonrymust masonrymust
must be constructed between Massa Massachusetts MnsSchusetts Massaehusetts ¬
chusetts and Florida Avenues Of Ofthis Ofthis Ofthis
this 40000 yards ards will bo retaining retainiu
walls and abutments to carry the thebridges thebridges
bridges This will be what is known knownas mown mownati
as a secondclass masonry of Ranged RangedAshley Rai1 RangedAshley l
Ashley stone backed by concrete At AtH AtH AtH
H Street 15000 yards of concrete concretemasoniy concretemasonry concretemasonry
masonry faced with enameled brick brickand brickand brickand
and granite coping for the abutments abutmentsof
of the bridge will ill be constructed Be Between Between Between ¬
tween H Street and the station build building building building ¬
ing there will ill be 40000 yards of con concrete concrete concrete ¬
crete retaining walls forming sides of ofrunways ofrunwas ofrunways
runways runwas for the handling of baggage baggagebetween baggagebetween baggagebetween
between the station and the outer out r end endof endof endo
o of the train shed In the train shed
5000 yards of stone work are to be belaid behid belaid
laid averaging Rverng ng three feet in iI thickness thicknesso thicknessform
o 1 form part of the foundations foundationsYARDS foundationsYARDS foundationsYARDS
YARDS SHOPS AND SHEDS SHEDSBeginning SHEDSBeginning SHEDSBeginning
Beginning near the angle formed formedby formedbJ formedby
by by the intersection int rsection of Florida and andKhode andHhode andRhode
Rhode Island Avenues and extending extendingnortheastward extendingnortheastward extendingnortheastward
northeastward to Montana Avenue Avenuefollowing Avenuefollowing Avenuefollowing
following the general direction of otNew ofXew ofderv
New York Avenue will be construct constructed ¬
ed the freight sheds car yard shops shopsround shopsround shopsround
round house and accessories accessoriesof of the theterminal thetcrminal theterminal
terminal For this purpose as shown shownthe shownth shownthe
the th contractors will willleel level to the grade gradeof gradeof gradeof
of the tracks a space 800 feet wide wideand wideRnd wideand
and nearly two miles long The lower lowerend lowerend lowerend
end of the yard limits will be near nearLangdon nemoLangdon neatLanpdon
Lanpdon Langdon Lang don donthe In changing inn the tracks and andin anelin
in the construction of side tracks tracksWinthrop tracksYinthrop tracksWinthrop
Winthrop Heights with its cluster of ofsuburban ofsuburban ofsuburban
suburban houses will vill be blotted from fromthe fromthe fromthe
the map Steam shovels will plow plowdeeply plowcieepl plowdeeply
deeply cieepl into the hillsides and greatly greatlychange greatlychange greatlychange
change the face of the country Just Justabout J Justabout usl uslnbout
about in the middle of the old Ivy IvyCity IvyCity Ivy IvyCity
City race track will be built the newround new newlound new101md
round house for the storage of en engines engines engines ¬
gines of both the Baltimore and Ohio Ohioand Ohioand Ohioand
and Pennsylvania roads Near it willbe will willbo willbe
be a repair shop covering severalacres several severalacres severalnares
acres Other construction and repair repairshops repairSl10pS repairshops
shops will be built in the neighbor neighborhood neighbOlhood neighborhood ¬
hood and where once the sports of ofWashington ofYashingtln ofWashington
Washington and the country gathered gatheredto
to see horse races will be the th everlast ¬ j jI
I
ing din of moving movin engines the bump bumping bumping bumping ¬
ing of cars the sound of the hammer hammerand hammernnd hammerand
and in the air will rill float the smoke ot ota ota ofa
a hive of industry industI such as Washing Washington Wash Washington ng ngton ¬
ton has never ne er seen seenIn seenIn seenIn
In South Eckington numerous numeroushouses numeroushouses numeroushouses
houses are to be toni down the deep deepgullies deepgullies deepgullies
gullies lately latel filled with growing trees treesare treesare treesare
are being leveled the hill beyond is to tobe tobe tobe
be cut out and a long line of freight freightsheds freightsheds freightsheds
sheds built They will ill extend from fromFlorida fromFlorida fromFlorida
Florida Avenue to the Brentwood BrentwoodRoad BrentwoodHoad BrentwoodRoad
Road on the north side for the Balti Baltimore Baltimore Baltimore ¬
more and Ohio Company and for a asimilar as asimilar
similar s < < distance on the south side for forthe forth forthb
the th Pennsylvania PenD5 rlvnllia Company Whenfinished When Whenfinished Whenfinished
finished the freight sheds of the Penn Pennsylvania Pennhania Pennsylvania ¬
sylvania hania company will be given up in inSouth inSouth inSouth
South Washington and some of them themwill themwill themwill
will be used by the Southern railroads railroadsend railroadgnd railroadssnd
end nd others will be abandoned Be Between Between Between ¬
tween the sheds and down past the therepair therepair therepair
repair shops the car yards will ill extend extendforty extendforty extendforty
forty or fifty tracks wide The rail railroad milroad railroad ¬
road companies have options on land landseveral landveral landseveral
several veral hundred feet f t each side of the theconstructions thrconstmctions theconstructions
constructions now going on and while whilethe whilethe whilethe
the ultimate purpose of the ownership ownershipof
of these lands has not been made madeknown madeknown madeknown
known it is conjectured that the rail railroad railroad railroad ¬
road people have in contemplation contemplationmany conteznplationmany contemplationmany
many other structures not on the theeral gen general general ¬
eral plans of the terminal The ideas ideasof ideasof ideasof
of the railroad companies seem to be bethat bethat j jthat
that Washington is to be an impor important important important ¬
tant railroad center which in future futureyears futureyears futureyears
years will call for an immense exten extension extension extension ¬
sion of traffic facilities along the thenorthern thlnorthern thenorthern
northern approaches to the station stationTHE stationTHE stationTHE
THE GREAT VIADUCT VIADUCTThe VIADUCTThe VIADUCTThe
The viaduct vinc1uctleading leading into the station stationwill stationwiU stationwill
will be of sufficient width to carry ca six sixtracks sixhacks sixtracks
tracks From Florida Avenue north northvard northward northward
ward these will expand into twelve twelveand twel twelnnd twelveand
and the yards will carry at least for fortyeight fortyeight fortynight ¬
tyeight tracks for the parking of ofcars ofcaTS ofcars
cars Between Florida and Montana MontanaAvenues MontanaAvenues MontanaAvenues
Avenues Ninth Twelfth and Fif Fifteenth Fifteentb Fifteentb ¬
teentb Streets and New York Avenuo
will cross the tracks and yards Other Otherstreets Otherstreets Otherstreets
streets including Thomas Seaton S SThird SThird SThird
Third and Quincy Streets Stree will be beclosed beclosed beclosed
closed The Brentwood Road also will willbe willbe willbe
be closed from Seventh to S Streets StreetsT
T Street will pass over the tracks on onan 011nn onan
an elevated structure and New York YorkAvenue YorkAvenue YorkAvenue
Avenue will be carried over the rail railroads railroads railroads ¬
roads by a similar device to be built builtby builtby
by the railroad companies companiesThe companiesThe
The cost of the work north of the thsstation thestation thestation
station exclusive of the buildings is es estimated estimated estimated ¬
timated at 2500000 2500000TWO 250000QTWO 2500000TWO
TWO YEARS FOR THE GRADING GRADINGThe GRADINGThe GRADINGThe
The contracts for the grading and andlaying andInying andlaying
laying of tracks carry a time limit of oftwo oftwo oftwo
two years and the men in charge of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the work think at the present rate of ofmoving ofmoing ofmoving
moving the earth they will be throughwithin through throughwithin throughithin
within eighteen months monthsfrom from the time timethe timethe timethe
the construction facilities are on the theground theground theground
ground Ten gangs of workmen were wereengaged wereengaged wereengaged
engaged last week on different por portions portIons portions ¬
tions of the work between Massachu Massachusetts Massachusetts Massachusetts ¬
setts Avenue A ycnue and Magruder Station Stationin
in Maryland These gangs are pre preparing preparing preparing ¬
paring the ground for the morj morjserious mornserious
serious 5 riOUS work to follow For exampleroadways example exampleroadways exampleroadwaJs
roadways are being b ing constructed over overthe overtbe overthe
the route and tracks laid for the oPoration op operation operation ¬
eration of o dummy engines to serve seITethe seITethesteam thesteam the thesteam
steam shovels In the angle near nearEckington nearEckington nearEckington
Eckington Place and Florida Avenues Avenuesworkmen A Avenuesworkmen enue enueworkmen
workmen of McMullin McDermott McDennotthave McDermottha McDermotthave
have ha e been at work several se eral weeks weeksdigging weeksdigging weeksdigging
digging away the high bank of earth eartheast eartheast eartheast
east of Rhode Island Avenue and andmaking andmaking andmaking
making room for the structure of the thefirst they theyfirst thefirst
first freight shed The earth has been beenmoved beenmved beenmoved
moved here by wagons to the deep deepgully deepgully deepgully
gully east of the Metropolitan MetropolitanBranch MetropolitanBranch MetropolitanBranch
Branch BranchAnother BranchAnother BranchAnother
Another gang is building a new newsewer newsewer newsewer
sewer through E Street and across acrossMassachusetts acrossMassachusetts acrossMassachusetts
Massachusetts Avenue through the thespace thespace thespace
space to be covered ultimately by the theplaza theplaza theplaza
plaza to serve as an outlet for the thesewage thesewage thesewage
sewage of the territory covered by
the terminal Other workmen are eaa emr
r

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