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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, October 04, 1903, Magazine Features, Image 29

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THE WASHINGTON TIMES SUNDAY U tDAY OCTOBER 4 1903 K
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PROPOSED WASHINGTON TERMNAI TERMNAIGENERAL TERMINAL4 TERMINAL4GENERAL > l rt < < 1 1s
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GENERAL PLAN AND PROFILESHOW1NS PROFILE < 1 > 3X J fl flSHOM
2 7 3 3MOWING
> SHOM MOWING COMNCCT10N COOONCa < ON BCTWECM < TwEeN THE THEB n < < r rB J
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Afto AftoNEW > iG y yNEW
NEW UNioNSiATiON UNioNSiATiONrecord UNION STATION rl Jil4cS t
MION TATION > 1 7 f < 7 f
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ployed in i the line of K Street lower lowering 10cring lowering ¬
ing the watennain Another is busy busycutting busycutting busycutting
cutting M Street through Still an another anotber another ¬
other has begun upon the bank beside besidethe besidethe besidethe
the Brentwood Brentw od Road preparatory to tothe toU1e tothe
the laying of tracks and the operation operationof
of o steam shovels shovelsOn shoyelsOn shovelsOn
On the site of the Ivy r City race racetrack racetrack racetrack
track another gang is at work clearing clear clearing < learing ¬
ing away the fences and trees prepar preparatory preparatory Preparatory ¬
atory to operations there A road is isbeing isbeing isbeing
being built builteast east of the Bladensburg BladensburgRoad BladensburgRoad BladensburgRoad
Road and workmenhme workmen have begun bur burrowing burrowing barrowing ¬
rowing into the he hill bordering upon uponthe uponthe uponthe
the grounds ounds of the Reform SchoolWithin School SchoolWithin SchoolVithin
Within a month twelve steam shovojj shovolywill shovojjwill shovo shovowill
will be digging di g gthe into the firm banks in inthe intho
the grading operations operationsON
ON THE HE STATION SITE SITENot SITENot SITENot
Not nil the property on the station stationsite stationsite stationsite
site has has been yet condemned owing owingto
to the proverbial slowness of cth cthcourts the thacourts thecourts
courts The remaining buildings are arebeing arobeing arebeing
being demolished however howev r slowly slowlyand slowlyand slowlyand
and the site will be cleared as soon as asthe asthe asthe
the contractor for the building has his hiematerial h hismaterial i iruaterinl
material on the ground Between H Hand Hand Hand
and K Streets the contractors aro aroerecting aroerecting areerecting
erecting derricks to be used in the pil piling piling piling ¬
ing up of the masonry The east re retaining retaining retaming ¬
taining walls are to be built first in insections insections insections
sections of 3000 feet each The sec section section section ¬
tion north of H Street will be the first firstbuilt firstbuilt firstbuilt
built and operations will begin on onthat 011that onthat
that as soon as the ground is cleared clearedand clearedand clearedand
and the remaining derricks are put putup putup putup
up It is estimated that it will take a alittle nlittle alittle
little over two years to complete this thispart tbispart thispart
part of tho work as there will be besome belme besome
some lme delay in the coldest weather of ofwinter ofnter ofwinter
winter nter The contractors however expect ex expect expect ¬
pect to have one or two sections of the theeast theeast theeast
east walls finished before the end of ofthe ortbe ofthe
the year These will be the 3000foot 3000footsection 3OOOfootBlction 3000footsection
section north and south of H Street Streetrespectively Streetrespectively Streetrespectively
respectively The Thocontmct contract for the thestation thostation thestation
station building has not yet been let letThe letTho letTim
The effect of this terminal upon uponNortheast uponNort1 uponNortheast
Northeast Nort1 Northeast egst Washington V8shin n will bo imme immediate im imdiato immediato ¬
diato and favorable favorable ovorn lc While the lh work
is in progress progr ress there will necessarily be bemuch bemuch bemuch
much inconvenience in the territory territoryto territon territontu territorytO
to be distQrbed dist rbed But in the course of ofthree of ofthree ofthree
three years matters will settle down downto dmrnh doryit
to h new and peaceful conditions conditionsStreets conditionbStreets conditionsStreets
Streets that have been neglected n glectcd will willbe willi willbe
i be improved Jn n that section The pro progress proI progress progress ¬
I gress of Northeast Washington will willbegin willbegin willbegin
begin with the completion comp etion of these im improvements improcments improvements ¬
provements and so to speak emanate emanatefrom emanatefrom emanatefrom
from them Property owners will willknow willknOv willknow
know where they are at to use a fa familiar fnmiliar familler ¬
miliar phrase and can look to the theopening thjopening th thopening
opening of their holdings to now nowbuildings nowbuildings nowbuildings
buildings as they have not boon able ableto abl abltt ableto
to tt do for the last eight years or since sincethe sincetheagilatioll sincethe
the theagilatioll agitation for the abolition of the thegrade thegrado thegrade
grade crossings began beganIn beganIn beganIn
In addition to an inspiriting effect ofectin effectin effectin
in general the creation of the terminal terminalwill tonninalwill terminalwill
will have farreaching consequences in inthe intbe inthe
the future Around the station will willnecessarily willnecessarily ill illnecessnrily
necessarily grow up hotels and other otheraccessories otheraccessories otheraccessories
accessories of f a big railroad station stationThe stntionThe stationThe
The families of railroad men will con concentrate con concentrate concentrato ¬
centrate around nro1 around the station and near nearthe nearthe nearthe
the shops and freight yards farther fartherout fartheout fartherout
out Many new houses will have bav to be beerected bccrected beerected
erected to accommodate thorn There Thereis Thereis Thereis
is a rule adhered to by the railroad railroadcompanies railroadcompanies railroadcompanies
companies that engineers engineorsfircmcn engineorsfircmcntrainmon firementrainmen firemen firementrainmen
trainmen freight handlers and em employes OlDployes employes ¬
ployes in the shops must live he within a agiven agiven agiven
given radius of their work Those al already already already ¬
ready here and many others to como comomust comomust comemust
must find homes to satisfy this rule ruleThis TI11eThis ruleThis
This alone will change the character characterof
of the population near the railroad railroadterminals railroadterm railroadterminals
terminals term in aLe and tracks Washington Washingtonwill Vasl1ingtonwill
will acquire a densely inhabited labor laborsection laborsection laborsection
section in the immediate future It Itwill Ilwill Itwill
will be a new thing in Washington Washingtonwhich Washingtonwhich Washingtonwhich
which has been genornlly populated populatedby
by employes of tho Government de departments dopartments departmenta
partments and tho wealthy wca1th retired retiredclass retircelclass retiredclass
class But now the millionaire mint muptbrush mUFthrush mintbrush
brush elbows with the laborer on onPennsylvania onP6nruyh311ia onPennsylvania
Pennsylvania Avenue AvenueHorcover AcnucIor Avenue AvenueMoreover
Moreover Ior ovcr the ppcjiing of this level leveltra level leveltraffic l vcl vcltrafIlc
traffic tra a tway way V8Y for about ab 1t three iIiric moles iiiil s
northeastward from the station wilf wilfcompletely wilfcompletely ilf ilfcompletel
completely change the face of that thatportion thatportion thatportion
portion of Northeast Washington Washingtonthrough Washingtonthrough Vasl1ingtonthrough
through which it runs From being a aremote aremote aremote
remote section to which people seldom seldomgo scldomgo seldomgo
go it will i11 pass within a few years cars to tothe tothe tothe
the most accessible part of the Dis District District District ¬
trict The concentration of popula population popu1ntioD population ¬
tion along the line of the railroads will willcall wincall willcall
call for new street car linos and they theywill tbc tbcwill theywill
will be soon extended c tcndec1 to the points pointswhere pointswhero pointswhere
where traffic will i11 await them Al Already Already Already ¬
ready the Maryland line of street cars carsskirts carsskirts carsskirts
skirts this section along Rhode Rhodo Island IslandAvenue IslandAvenue IslandAvenue
Avenue and in time it will m do better bettertban bettortban betterthan
tban a half hour schedule scheduleNo soheduleNo scheduleNo
No sooner had the necessary legis legislation tegislution legislation ¬
lation been passed for the th new termi ¬
nal than enterprising citizens of ofNortheast ofNortheast ofNortheast
Northeast Washington saw theimme theimmediato theimmcdia the4immediato
diato dia e necessity of the extension extensionwidening extensionwidening extensionwidening
widening and improvement of Rhode RhodeIsland RhOGOIEland RhodeIsland
Island Avenue A enue as the natural line of ofoirect o ont ofstreet
street nt reet communication between the sec seetion section section ¬
tion described and the city Congress Congresstwo Congrcsstwo Congresstwo
two years ago authorized the opening openingof
of this avenue and its improvement improvementbetween improv improvementbetween mcnl mcnlbetween
between Florida Avenue and North NorthCapitol NurthCapitol NorthCapitol
Capitol Street Now there is a aproject a aproject 1 1project
project on foot backed by the Eck Eckiiigton Eekington Ecklugton
iiigton and Langdon Citizens associa associations associnlions associations ¬
tions and by interested property propertyholders propertyholders propertyholders
holders to extend and widen Rhode HhodeIsland Tthodeisland RhodeJsland
Island Avenue from Foruth Street in inEckington inEc1rington inEekington
Eckington to tho District line The TheMaryland Thol TheMaryland
Maryland l ryland Street Railroad now runs
along this avenue and the grade has hasbeen hasbeen hasbeen
been established At comparative comparativesmall compnratiosmall comparativesmall
small cost it can bo widened and andmacadamized an anmacadamized andmacadamized
macadamized and form a n direct high highway highway highway ¬
way of travel from Eckington Ecldngtonthrough Eckingtonthrough Eckingtontbrough
through the Woodridge V oodridge subdivision subdivisionAlready subdivisionAlready subdivisionAlready
Already houses are being built along alongthe alongthe alongthe
the line of this avenue at Elloston EllostonTerrace EllnstonTerrace EllastonTerrace
Terrace North Langdon and other otherpoints otherpGints otherpoints
points and there is isa a strong demand demandfor demandfOI demandfor
for the improvement improvementArrangements improvementrrangernents improvemertArrangements
Arrangements have been completed completedwithin completedwithin completedwithin
within tho last six sixmonths months for the ded dedication dedication dedication ¬
ication of the land necessary for theextension the theextension theextension
extension and the District Commis Commissioners Commissioners Commissioners ¬
sioners stand ready to recommend the theopening thepening theopening
opening opening and improvement of the ave avenue nvcnile avenue ¬
nue to Congress In every day par ¬
lance the citizens associations will Svflldo willdCi willdo
do the rest and it is quite probable probablethat probablethat probablethat
that 60000 more or less may be ap appropriated appropr appropriated ¬
propriated propr 3ted at the next session of Con Congress Congrcssfor Congress ¬
gress grcssfor for the opening of this new suburban sub suburban suburban ¬
urban line of communication In this thisstep thisstep thisstep
step the Commissioners arc following followingout followingouts
out outs a policy Policyadopted adopted a few years ago agoto ago agoto agoto
to open and improve a few necessary necessarylines necessarylines necessarylines
lines of travel from the city to the thqoutlying tb tboutlying theoutlying J
outlying territory It is is understood understoodto
to be the purpose of the authorities authoritiesof
of o Maryland to tako up the extension extensionof
of Rhode Island Avenue and carry iton it iton itou
on to Hyattsville to establish a direct directdriveway directdrivcway directdriveway
driveway from that growing town to toWashington to1V toWashington
Washington WashingtonNew 1V WashingtonNew nshington nshingtonNew
New York Y tk Avenue cannot long
await improvement wpr veme it on the other side siclsof sid sidof sideof
of thisgreat railroad railroadboulevard boulevard and andwithin anamthin andwithin
within a few years some car line will willbe1 willb willbe < <
be1 b extended down it to Langdon tcH tcHserve tdise1e tolserve
serve the railroad people and other othefjinhabitants otbe otbeinhabitants otherinhabitants
inhabitants of that growing section sectionThese sectionThese sectionThese <
These street improvements will be th thnatural thnatural thnatural <
natural accompaniments of the build building buildl buildling buildvlug
ing of the terminal and will give an sal I Iimportant Imporhmt
important direction to tho growth o othe of ofthe oEthe
the city northeastward northeastwardIt
It is a n wellknown truth that rail railroads railronds rm1roads
roads always aways benefit a a city and if the thehalf thahalf r rhalf
half of what is herein outlined fol foIlows folel folellows J
lows it will be seen within a period periodof perlodt perlodtof periodof
of fifteen years that the building o otho of ofthe ofthe
the new terminal accomplished far farmore fad fadmoro faitmore
more than merely to remove the dan danger danger dangar ¬
ger of grade crossings in the city
OFFICIALS OFFicIALSuCONSIO CONSIDERING RINGBIDSuFOR BIDS FOR TH THE tUGREAT GREAT UNION UNIO NION STATi STATION STLTIONt 1 i z
HE building b ndlng of the union stationwill station stationwill stationwill
T will bo under a contract sopar separate soparato soparate ¬
ate from tho construction of oftho ortho ofthe
tho othor parts of the terminal It isthought is isthought Isthought
thought tho station building will bo lot lotto lotto lotto
to ono contractor and tho train shed to toanother tonnolbor toanother
nnolbor another A A committee of engineers and andrailroad nndrailroad andrailroad
railroad officials Is now considering consideringthe
the bids for the station and the matterwill matter matterwill mntterwfll
will be placed before tho directors of oftho oftho ofthe
tho Pennsylvania Railroad Company Companywithin Companywithin Companywithin
within a few tew days daysTho daysTho daysThe
Tho company invited bids for tho thostation thostation thostation
station from twenty twontydUreront different contractors contrac contractors contractors ¬
tors ono In Washington and tho others othersin othersIn othersin
in different cities Bids Did were asked for fora fora fora
a building in granite in marble and andlimestone andIImostono andlimostono
limestone It is not known at present presentwhat prosentwhat presentwhat
what tho material will be boo A building buildingof
of tho slzo of the union station of mar marbio marble marblo
bio would cost SE000000 2000000 for tho mate material material material ¬
rial alone ono of granlto a little more moreand moreand moreand
and ono of limestone considerably loss lossA lossA lessA
A prominent Washington contractor contractorconversant contractorconvorsant contractorconversant
conversant with the specifications for forth fori forthe
i th the building said the tim Un tirowould rlc t twould st stwould
would probably ontor largely into tho thoquestion thequestion I
question of awarding tho contract If Ifmarble Itmnrble Ifmarble
marble should sl ouldbe be used it would take takeithroo takethreo
ithroo years YQarstto to get gottho the material on oJ the theground theground theground I
ground cut It and set ac It iu the ho walls
Two and onehalf years would be re required requlrod required ¬
quired if the building should be con constructed constructed constructed ¬
structed of granite and about two twoyears twoyenrs tworears
years if limestone were used The con contractor contractor contractor ¬
tractor said it would be neccessary In Inthe inthe inthe
the case marble were used to sot up a aplant aplant aplant
plant for cutting and carving thq the stono stonoon stonoon stoneon
on the site This would include a lot of ofmachinery ormachlncr ofmachinery
machinery machlncr run by steam power and the theservices theservices theservices
services of a large number of special specialworkmen splclalworkmen specialworkmen
workmen workmenMarble workmenMnrblc workmenMarble
Marble > From Several Quarries QuarriesIn
In case marble were used the material mate material material ¬
rial could be obtained from about three threesource threesource threesource
source Some of It would come from the theBeaver theDeaver theBeaver
Beaver Fall quarries some of it from fromRutland fromRutland fromRutland
Rutland and some of it from Massa Massachusetts Massachusotts Massachusetts ¬
chusetts Stone from these throw sources sourceswould sourceswould sourceswould
would fit together The stone would be bobrought bebrought bebrought
brought to Washington on flat car carrf and andworked andworled andworked
worked up hero heroMuch horeMuch hereMuch
Much of the material for tho building buildingis
is to be carved and polished before it itis itis ItIs
is put in place It would bo necessary necessarytherefore necessarythorofore necessarytherefore
therefore to have a mill for sawing out outthe outt110 outtoo
the stone machinery for cutting and andcarving andcarving andcarving
carving all that could bo done in that thatway thatway
way for polishing and otherwise pre preparing preiarlng pm1aring ¬
paring tho stone The plant for this thiswork thiswork
work would of necessity bo an elaborate elaborateone elnbornotoone elaborateno
one no and would involve a large outlay outlaybefore ouUa ouUabOfore outlayboforea
boforea before bOfore a steno had been laid laidShould laidShould illd
Should granite gianlteb bo decided upon the thesupply thelUPvb thesupply
supply would como mostly from Mil Mu
ford Mass It might be cut at the thequarries thequarries thequarries
quarries or on tho ground as the con contractor contractor contractor ¬
tractor might elect Tho quarrymen quarrymenhave quarrymenhac quarrymenhave
have excellent facilities for doing all allthe allthe allthe
the principal cutting and it might be bobest bebest bebest
best to order rder the stone as wanted and andhave andhave andhave
have It sent about ready to be placed placedin
in the walls The tlmo clement then thonwould thenwould thenwould
would depend altogether upon tho abil ability abilIty ability ¬
ity of the quarries to got it out The Thecontractor Thecontractor Thecontractor
contractor thought it doubtful whether whetherit
it would bo advisable to set up special specialmachinery specialmachinery specialmachinery
machinery hero to do the granlto workThe work workTho ork orkThe
The use of limestone would simplify simplifymatters simplifymatlers simplifymatters
matters greatly The stono is found in inlarge Inlarge inlarge
large quantities in several quarries in inIndiana tnIndiana inIndiana
Indiana and this material could couldbrought he hebrought 1Ipbrought
brought quickly to Washington dressed dressedand dre dressedand sed sednnd
and put in place The same general generalconditions generalconditions generalconditions
conditions prevail as to the cutting of oftho ottho ofthe
tho stone and the contractor could elect electwhether electwhether electwhether
whether he would have a plant hero or ortrust ortrust ortrust
trust to the quarries to prepare the thematerial thematerlnl thematerial
material materialIn
In any event much hand work will willhave willhMe willhave
have to bo dono upon the site of the thebuilding thebuilding thebuilding
building The stone cannot all be pro propared propared propared
pared by machinery though much is isnow Isnow isnow
now done d ne in that line A largo forco of ofstone otslone ofstone
stone cutters would have to bo employed employedSome employedSomo employedSome
Some of tho elaborate ornamentation ornamentationof
of tho building would have to be dono donoafter donoafter doneafter
after the stone is sot in tho walls wallsUntil wnUsUntil wallsUntil
Until the question of material mnterlalls Is final finally finally finally ¬
ly passed upon and the contract award a ar ¬
ed nothing definite can be said as to tothe tothe tothe
the absolute time required to finish the thebuilding thebuilding thebuilding
building The company will allow sufficlent suf sufficient sufficient ¬
ficient time for careful building and andthen andthen andthen
then every stroke must be made to tocount tocount tocount
count for the time element Is an im important Important important ¬
portant one with the railroads They Thoywill Theywill
will 111 bo operating to a disadvantage all allthe aUthe allthe
the time the terminal is building and andif andIf andit
if it could be turned out tomorrow fin finished finIshed finished ¬
ished it would mean tho saving of ofmany otmany ofmany
many hundred thousands of dollars to totho totho totho
tho companies in tho way of handling handlingfreight handlingfreight handlingfreight
freight and passengers passengersDerricks passengersDerricks passengersDerricks
Derricks and Appliances AppliancesWhatever AppliancesWhatever AppliancesWhatever
Whatever the kind of material used usedtho usedtbo usedtho
tho contractor will be obliged to lay out outa Outa ut uta
a largo amount of money in tho way way of ofderricks ofderrlcls ofderricks
derricks and appliances for handling the theheavy theheavy theheavy
heavy stone and carrying on tho build buildIng bul1ding building
Ing operations An expert thought thoughtsomething thoughtsomethlng thoughtsomething
something like twentyfive derricks derrickswould derrickswould derrickswould
would be necessary and several of them themwould themwould themwould
would have to bo connected with small smallengines smallengines smallengines
engines Hundreds of men will be boemployed beemployed beemployed
employed in handling the material materialpreparing materlnlpreparing materialpreparing
preparing mortar and shaping the walls wallsThe wnllsThe wallsThe
The site will be as busy a place after aftertho aftertho afterthe
tho walls aro under way as was the theground theground theground
ground of the th pyramids in ancient Egypt Egyptand Egyptand Egyptand
and tho construction of the station is isalmost Isalmost isalmost
almost as big an undertaking Little Littleis LittleIs Littleis
is now known of tho methods employed employedat
at that time but discounting the use ofsteam ot ototoam atatoam
steam and taking into account the fact
that this hugo pile must be finishedwithin finished finishedwithin finlsbedwithin
within about throe years the construetion construe construetion con8buotlon
tion of the building high in the air sirwith airwith airwith
with all its its ts accessories will employ al almost aImost almost
most as many many men as tho erection of thai thaifamous the thefamous thatfamous
famous pile of Cheona The union eta etalion station st stUo
lion Uo will be a building of many com compartments comi comipnrtments coma comapartments
partments and rooms and a thousand thousandengineering thonaaudengineering thousandengineering
engineering problems w1l1cnter will enter Into its itsconstruction Itsconstruction itssconstruction
construction to say nothing of the va variety variety VarIety ¬
riety of material and Dd ornamentation ofthe of ofthe otthe
the building buildingIt
It is not known nown at present whether the thecontract thecontract thecontract
contract for tho building will be let en entiro enUre entire
tire as a finished structure struct o or whetherono whetherone whether whetherono
ono contractor will build the walls and andput andput andput
put on the roof leaving such matters mattersas
as electricity water heating and In Inside Insl inside ¬
side sl e finishing to other contractors Both Bolbcourses Bolbocourses Bothcourses
courses are nursued pursued ursued In the construction constructionof
of modern buildings and the company companymay companYmay companymay
may decide upon the latter course It Itusually ItusuallY Itusually
usually takes t es longer to put up a build building buildtng buildfng ¬
ing when several contractors are to bo boemployed boemployed hoemployed
employed as one ana cannot begin until an another another another ¬
other is through For example the theplumbing thoplumbIng theplumbing
plumbing and electrical work of the thebuilding th thbundlng thebuilding
building cannot be put in until the walls wallaarc w wallsare l1s l1sare
are finished but when one contractor contractorcarries contractorcnrrles contractorcarries
carries on the work more or less of oftho attho ofthe
tho inside work wort goes on with the other otherbuilding otberbul1 otherbuilding
building bul1 l1ng operations operationsThe operationsThe operationsThe
The train sheds and tracks back of the thestation tbestaUon thestation
station will wl1f involve In olve construction co trucUoJ1 only onlyContinued onlyContinued onlyContinued
Continued on Sixth lath rage
t

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