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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, April 24, 1904, Magazine Features, Image 31

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TtdmAb Tmt W mtL namos GTON TIMES SUNDAY APRIL 24 1904 1904ASHiNGTONIAN5 oWAS 9 9Iw
Great kite of many cells just before it rose from the e lake at Baddeck BaddeckDr BaddeckDr BaddeekDr
Dr Alexander Graham Bells Wonderful WonderfulDiscoveries WonderfulDiscoveries WonderfulDiscoveries
Discoveries in the Domain of the theNavigation theNavigation theNavigation
t Navigation of the Air and andIts andIts andt andIts
Its Problems
J HEN HEN over1 oorbeond over beyond Arlington Arlingtonnext ArlIngtonnext Arlingtonnext
W next Saturday the tetrahe tetraheOral tetrahehial tetrahehint
Oral hint kites of Dr Alexander AlexanderGraham AleXander AleXanderGraham AlexanderGraham
Graham Bell receive theirfirst their theirfirst theirfirst
first public teat an era erawlll will be marked markedIn
In the development of the flying ma machine machIne machine ¬
chine There will wllIbe be no Indication how however bow bowoer however ¬
ever of the arduous thought anof an ana < patient patientexperiment patientxperlment patientexperiment
experiment that have made possi possible possible possible ¬
ble the brilliant success already alreadyachieved alreadyachleed alreadyachieved
achieved To tell something of this and andof an anot andof <
of the larger possibilities the future futurehold futurehold futureholds
hold holds 13 1 the the purpose of this hls article articleA rtlcle rtlcleA
A machine that will fly That has hasbeen hasbppn hasbeen
been the droam of Inventors for weary wearyctnturies wearynturles wearycenturies
centuries nturles but only In dreams hereto heretofore heretofore heretofore ¬
fore has It been successfully suc essrully attained attainedThe attainedThe attainedThe
The balloon in its various manifesta manifestations manltestations manifestations ¬
tions has marked the limit of achievement achieve achievement achievement ¬
ment flying machines in the proper ac aeceptatien acceptation acceptation ¬
ceptatien ceptation 61 the term termhac term have never been beenbuilt beertbuilt beent
t built It has bas remained re nalned for Dr Bell to topoint topolnt topoint
point out the tit way which he or some someother someatiltr someother
other inventor in ptor will go onward cto to the thefinal tbofinal thofinal
final solution of the problem problemIt
It has been l een a weary trial of brain and andnerve andnere andnerve
nerve Dr Bell has been besot by the thedifficulties thedimcuitie8
difficulties dUl1cultlcfi other investigators Investisutorshave have en encountered encountered encountered ¬
countered so > Q that at times he has felt feltalmost teltalmost feltr
r almost like saying with the others otherswhose otherswh otherswhose
whose wh faith f81thbas has not been as strongthat strong strongthat atronGthat
that the tl161problem + cirablem roblem of aerial navigation navigationwill navIgationwUl navigationt
t will nol naior n or bo salved until there has hasbeen hasb hasbeen
been b en discovered a now metal or a new newforce newforce newforce
force But Dr Boll thinks he has hassolved hassolved hassolved
solved It now no and though he quite quiterealizes Q11terlallzeebls quiterealizes
realizes rlallzeebls his investigations have been beenmerely beenmerely beenmerely
merely experimental and that time t me must mustbe mustlyc mustbe
be IermStted permitted to work out Its own ownachievements ownaebievenients ownachievemCntsi
achievements aebievenients he Is very steadfastly steadfastlyconvince steadfastlycvnin steadfastlyc
convince cvnin c nvinced C ptoond rho tho and Is not far distant
Began Five F v Years Ago AgoDr AgoDr AgoDr
kites klt In InIis99 in1x99
Dr Bell began building his s
been interested in the theflying theflying theflying
Iis99 He had long lon
flying in machine die problem and had become becomeconvinced becomeconvinced becomeconvinced
convinced that a successful kite will willalso willal5o willalso
machine machineUrged machInerrged machinetrged
successful flying
also make a
these considerations he hebegan heLegan hen hebegan
Urged n en by
began at first with scant success su cess but butwith butilth butwith
broadening of his herzon hori horizon horizon ¬
with ilth a grridual
zon the investigations that have even eventuated CC1tuated eventuated ¬
tuated In the building of Victor I after afterfive afterfive afterfive
five years of protracted effort effortDr etrortDr effortDr
Dr Boll Bon started with 1th the assumption assumptionthat assump assumptionthat on onthat
that a a kite which will supper support a a man manand manand manand
and an engine emne In a a tenmile t mt1e breeze will willalso willalso willalso
also support a a man and an engine when whendriven whendrhen whendriven
driven by a motor at the rate of ten tenmiles tenmiles tenmiles
miles an hour The proposition has not notbeen notbeen nott
t been actually and positively demonstaaed demon demonstrated d mon monstrated ¬
strated but there CH ca be little doubt it itmakes Itmakps itmakes
makes no dlffaranoa dlrt rnQG whether the kite kiteIs luteIs kiteis
Is supported by the motion of the air airagainst airagainst airagainst
against It or by Its own motion against againstthe againstthe againstthe
the air In a calm a kite rises when it itIs itIs itis
Is pulled by bva a man or hers horse because of ofits orits ofits
its motion through the air there Is no noreason noreason noreasonto
reason reasonto to believe it would not also rise risewhen risewhen risewhen
when urged through the aJr by propel propellers propellers propellers ¬
lers A kite then can C b bit changed to a aflying al1lng aflying
flying machine ma hlne by hanging a motor and andpropellers and andpropallolS andpropellers
propellers to It and dropping the string stringwhich stringwhich stringwhich
which attaches the kite tathe t8 the ground groundTrouble groundTroub1c groundTrouble
Trouble With First Types TypesThe TypesThe TypesThe
The first kites kite used by b Dr Bell In his hisexperiments hisexperiments hisexperiments
experiments were of the pattern devised devisedby devl devisedby d dby
by Laurence Hargravo of Australia Australiawhich Australiawhich Australiawhich
which had l d been the standard kite since sinceIts sinceIts sinceits
Its invention In 1S02 They failed how however however however ¬
ever to anawor the purpose It was wasdiscovered wasdiscovered wasdiscovered
discovered that the weight of the kite kiteIncreased kitelncr9Qsed kiteincreased
Increased as the cube of the size while whilethe whUethe whilethe
the lifting power Increases only as the thesquare thequare thesquare
square The result of this law was that thatthe thAtthe thatthe
the size of the kites was limited and andthat andthat andthat
that no great amount of lifting power powerwould powerwould powerwould
would be realized from their use useIt useIt useIt
It was possible po stble to lift considerably considerablyweights conslderablu conslderabluweIghts considerableweights
weights by attachlnga Dumber of box boxIdles boxkites boxkites
kites to a single line but 1 ut such a a device devicewould dolcwould devicewould
would not perceptibly per ptibly contribute to the thesolution th thsolution thasolution
solution of the problem pr blem of aerial navi navigation n9Igntlon navigation ¬
gation a single kite not a string of ofthem ofthem ofti
them was what was desired Things Thingslooked Thingslooked Thingslooked
looked gloomy when it was as demonstrat demonstrated ¬
ed that only a hurricane could sustain sustainIn sustainin sustainin
In the air a Hargrave klto with two twoceils twocells twocells
cells as big as a small room roomHere roomHere roomHere
Here then was the problem problemto to da daVise doiv13e devlse
Vise a Q form of kite combining lightness llghtnersI
with great lifting ability If this thiscould thl thlcould thiscould
could be achieved the difficulty was waspassed ivas ivaspassed vass vasspassed
passed for the matter of motor and andpropeller andpropeller andpropeller
propeller would be relatively easy < To Tothis Tothis o othis
this problem therefore Dr Bell directed direct directed dlr t ted ¬
ed his attentionTriangular attention attentionTriangular attenUonTriangular
Triangular Cells Used UsedHis UsedHIs UsedHis
His first modification modI cation of the Hargrave Hargravetype HarStavetype Hargravetype
type was a kite formed of triangular triangularcells trIansularceUs triangularcells
cells The box cells of the former did didnot didnot didnot
not lend themselves readily to combina combination combination combination ¬
tion and did not fly 11 well together Yet YetDr YetDr YetDr
Dr Bell had alreadv concluded thathis that thathis thathis
his hope lay In combining a number of ofsmall otsmall ofsmall
small kites rather than in building one oneof oneof oneof
of gigantic size By combining the small smallkites smallkites smallkites
kites kites he could outwit the law regulating regulatingthe resulatlnGthe regulatingthe
the proportion between Increased weight weightand weightand weightand
and increased lifting power which had hadbeen l1adbeen hadbeen
been shown to be so exceedingly unfair unfairj untalrto unfairto
j to the latter The box cells would not notlend notlend notlend
lend themselves t 40 this scheme The Theadoption Theadoption Theadoption
adoption of the triangular cell followed followedthe followedthe followedthe
the trial and abandonment at cells of ofvarious otarlou6 ofvarious
various other shapes and types Cir Circular Circular Circular ¬
cular cells polyagonal cells of six sixeight sIxolght sixeight
eight and twelve twe twelve ve sides with cells cellsDt cellsDtmany of ofmany ofmany
many other shapes were tried found foundlacking tpund tpundlacking foundlacking
lacking and thrown away awayInto awa awaInto awayInto
Into the chaos of discouragement thus thusevolved thusevolved thusevolved
evolved the idea ideaof of t the triangular cell cellcame cellcune cellcame
came t tet < r Dr Bell with the grace of a abenediction abenedlcUon abenediction
benediction It proved Immediately an anan anan anan
an immense advantage over the rectan rectangular rectangular ¬
gular Hargrave being befnG stronger In con construction con construction construction ¬
struction lighter in weight weIght1tnd and offering offeringless otTerlnGless offeringless
less head resistance to the wind wind wI d The Thetriangular Thetriangular Thetriangular
triangular cell ccll needed bracing in one onedirection onedirection onedirection
direction only on 01 Its flat surface surr surface ce in a atransverse a atranserse atransverse
transverse direction It Is selfbraced so sothat sothat sothat
that Internal bracing which causes
head lead resistance was found to be unnec unnecessary unnecessaq unneeessars ¬
essary essars
Problem lProblem l But Half Solved SolvedBut SolvedBut SolvedBut
But the problem problem even now now was only onlyhalf onlyhalf onlyhalf
half solved Combinations of triangular triangu triangular triangular ¬
lar kites kltl must be b arranged in two sets setswith setswith setswith
with a powerful connecting framework frameworkThe trameworkThe frameworkThe
The larger the sets the farther apart apartthey apartthey apartthey
they must be and the connecting connectingframe connectingtrame connectingframe
frame therefore becomes exceedingly exceedinglystout exceedInglystout exceedinglystout
stout and heavy Further improvement improvementwas
was necessary The necessity of even eventhe eventhe eventhe
the limited amount of bracing that re remained 1emalned remained ¬
mained as an Inherent weakness of the thetriangular theIangulnr theTriangular
triangular cell was to be obviated and andsome andsome andsome
some method of doing away with the theheavy thoheavy theheavy
heavy connecting framework was a pa patent patent patent ¬
tent need Dr Bell reasoned that a acell a acell acell
cell could be made selfbracing in inevery inevery inevery
every direction by making J aklng It triangu triangular triangular triangular ¬
lar In all directions or tetrahedral in inform intorm inform
form This was the germ of the suc successful successful successful ¬
cessful idea ideaAstonishing ideaAstonishing ideaAstonishing
Astonishing results were attained attainedThey attnlneThey attainedThey
They are summed up as follows by Gil Gilbert Gilbert Gilbert ¬
bert H Grosvenor editor of the Na National National National ¬
tional Geographical Magazine and DrBells Dr DrBells DrBeUs
Bells assistant In most of his inves investigations Investigations investigatlons ¬
tigations tigationsThe tigationsThe tigatlonsThe
The Wonderful Tetrahedral TetrahedralFirst Tetrahedra1F1rstA TetrahedralFirstA
First F1rstA A tetrahedral cell has aston astonishing aslonisblnG astonisbing ¬
ishing strength even when wh n composed of ofvery otvery ofvery
very light wooden stocks As Dr Bell Bellhas Bellhas Bellleas
has expressed ct rossed It It Is not simply simplybraced simplybract simplybraced
braced bract > d In two directions in space like likea likea likea
a triangle but in three directions like a asolid asolid asolid
solid If 1 may coin a aword word it t possesses possessesthroedimensional possessesthroedlmenslonal possessesthreedimensional
throedimensional strength not twodl twodlslonal twodlslonal twodisional
slonal strength like a triangle or one onedimensional onedimensional onedimensional
dimensional strength like a a rod It is isthe Isthe isthe
the skeleton of a solid not of a surface surfaceor
or a lineSecondA line lineSecond lineSecondA
Second SecondA A large kite constructed of oftetrahedral ortetrahedral oftetrahedral
tetrahedral cells is as solid as a small smallone smallone smallone
one for it Is likewise selfbraced in all alldirections alldirections alldirections
directions directionsThirdiA directionsThlrdJA directionsThirdsA
ThirdiA kite built of tetrahedral tetrahedralcells tetrahedralcells tetrahedralcells
cells Is an almost perfect flyer It Is Issteady Issteady issteady
steady in squalls a good lifter and flies fliesalmost tilesalmost fliesalmost
almost directly overhead Tetrahedral Tetrahedralcells TetrahedralceIls Tetrahedralcells
cells when combined do not interfere interferewith Interterewith interferewith
with each other in the least or hurt each eachothers eachothers eachotlteYs
others flying ability a mty as box or triangu triangular triangular triangular ¬
lar cells do when combined combinedFourth combinedFourthBy combinedFourthBy
Fourth FourthBy By the use of the tetrahedral tetrahedrnlcell tetrahedralcell tetrahedralcell
cell It is possible pos lhle to build kites unlim unlimited unlimIted unlimited ¬
ited in size and In which however gi gigantic glbrantlc gigantic ¬
gantic the kite the ratio of supporting supportingsurface supportingsurtace supportingsurface
surface to o weight remains the same as asin asIn asin
in a small kite The successive doub doubling doublinG doubling ¬
ling in size of the kite may be carried carriedon carriedon carriedon
on indefinitely without thout the weight in increasing Increa increasing ¬
creasing crea lI1ng faster than the winged sur surface aurtaoo surface ¬
face The cells all act in harmony no nopart nopart nopart
part p of a 0 late to built u11t of tctrahc tctrahcdral tal al cells
ha has to be strengthened strengthencd to t counterbal counterbalance counterbalance counterbalance ¬
ance an opposing force torce or a weakness in insome i11some insome
some part of the kite no weight Is Isthrown i5thrown isthrown
thrown away awayWork awayWork awayWork
Work Done Don at Baddeck BaddeckOn BaddetkOn BaddeckOn
On this basis from experlment experlmenttoex experlmenttoexperlment experimenttoexperiment to ex experiment ¬
periment and from test to test the in investigations Investigations investigations ¬
vestigations proceeded jThe worktwas worktwasdone work was wasdone wasdone
done and the experiments exp rlments made at Dr DrBells DrBells DrBells
Bells laboratory labora ol at Baddeck Badd ck Nova Nova Sco Scotia Scotia Scotia ¬
tia Here Dr Bell and his assistants assistantsspend assistantsspend assistantsspend
spend each summer and andthousands thousands thous rids of oftetrahedral ottetrahedral oftetrahedral
tetrahedral cells hae boon been constructed constructedand constructedand
and kites of every Imaginable Imaglnl ble shape and andsize andsize andsize
size have ben made v
That kites constructed on this principle princi principle princlpIe ¬
ple have lifting power suf sufficient suftfclentto Ici2ntto to carry carrya
a man or several men menhas has been amply
demonstrated One of the first of the thekites thekites thekites
kites lifted two men off their feet In a asquall asquall asquall
squall and on an another thor occaslon occaslonsnapped occaslonsnappedthe snapped snappedthe
the new threeeighthlrich manila rope ropewith ropewith ropewith
with which it was connected with the theearth theearth theearth
earth as easily as It Itcould could have done donehad donehad donehad
had the rope been a a thread Kites much muchmore muchmore muchmore
more powerful have since been built and andprove andprove andprove
prove beyond a question that a practi praetlcal practical practical ¬
cal efficient and powerful method methodot methodotcombination of ofcombination ofcombination
combination of small forces has been beendiscovered beendiscovered beendiscovered
discovered The use of aluminum in instead Instead instead ¬
stead of black spruce in the construc construction construc construction construction ¬
tion of the frames whloh has been Il en be begun begun begun ¬
gun by Dr Bell has largely increased increasedthe Inclcaedthe increaedthe
the strength of the kite without mate material material material ¬
rial addition to the weight weightThe weigHtThe weightThe
The cells are covered ton n two two o sides with withsilk withslUt withsilk
silk or nainsook the remaining remalnlngsldos sides be being beIng being ¬
ing opened to the air The softly yielding yield yielding yieldIng ¬
ing silk or cotton very light in weight weightresembles weightresembles weightresembles
resembles In its response to the th wind windthe windthe windthe
the feathers on the wing of a bird birdThe birdThe birdThe
The Great Desiderata DesiderataSteadiness DesiderataSteaillnoss DesiderataSteadiness
Steadiness in the air and nd lifting Ung power powerhave powerhave powerhave
have been the ends toward the attain attainment attainment attain attainment ¬
ment of which Dr Bell has aspired aspiredSome aspiredSome aspiredSome
Some of the kites are of immense size sizeexceeding sizeexceeding sizeexceeding
exceeding twentyfive feet in length and andtwelve andtwelve andtwelve
twelve and fifteen feet in inxhelgh xhelgh heights helgh nnd nndwidth nndwidth andwidth
width Notwithstanding their th lr sizff SiZe all and nndapparent andal andapparent
apparent al > parent unwieldiness however thsy tjrpyrespond thsyrespond tJ1cyrespond
respond to the direction of the operator operatorperfectly operatorperfectly operatorperfectly
perfectly and can be launched into the theair th thair theair
air and drawn back to earth with most mostastonishing mostastonishing mostastonishing
astonishing ease easeOne easeOne easeOne
One thing Dr Bolls experiments 6xp experimentss rlmants have haveconclusively hoveconclufJloly haveconclusively
conclusively shown That is that small smallcells sniallcolis niall niallcells
cells are much to be preferred to larger largerones hugerones largerones
ones responding better to the varying varyingpressure varyingpressure varyingpressure
pressure of the Wind vind during a squalland squall squalland squalland
and preserving with a pearer nearer approach approachto approa h hto
to perfection the equilibrium of the kite kiteof kiteot kiteof
of which hlch they the are the constituent parts partsDr partsDr partsDr
Dr Bells most recent experiments experimentsafter experimentsatter experimentsafter
after he had covered the preliminary preliminarywork prelhnlnntwork preliminarywork
work of Investigation anoVthe and the determi detcrmfnation determination detennnntIon ¬
nation of forms and values was the theconstruction theconstruction theconstruction
construction of a kite of large slzo and andmanlifting andmanlIrtinG andmanlifting
manlifting power that would rise from fromthe fromthe fromthe
the surface of the ground or a lake lakeTills la1 lakeThis < e eThis
This feat he has successfully SUCcsstullyacc accom accomplished accom accomplished m ¬
plishedHe plished plishedHo 1 > 1I5hocl I IHe
He recognized re HnIzes that that It jvould be neces ne necesf es ¬
sary to provide some means of giving givingthe givingthe givingthe
the machine sufficient momentum to en enable enable enable ¬
able It to begin Its flight tlIgbtthe the momen momentum momentum momentum ¬
tum that alii all large birds gain by run running runnlnSl1Iong running ¬
ning nlnSl1Iong along on the ground For purposes purposesof purpoeso purposesoftkisaapelriment
of o oftkisaapelriment tbjs l1ls experiment an immense machine
was constructed which was christened christenedMabel christenedMabel
Mabel H which was built upon a float floaton floaton floaton
on the lake at Baddeck BaddeekWith BaddeckWith BaddeokWIth
With tetrahedral frames Dr Bell had hadbuilt hadbuilt andbullt
built three long boats covered with withoilcloth withoUclotl1 withoilcloth
oilcloth to make them watertight The
Story of the Disgruntled Ticket Butcher Who WhoDidnt WhoDid WhoDidnt
Didnt Did t Like Li e the WayThirigs Way + hirigs Were Going
HE old cIrcuS ticket butcher butcherturned butchcrturned butcherturned
turned a reflecting and gloomy gloomyeye gloomyI
1 eye upon t the e gorgeously g rgeousty adorned adornedwagon adornedwag adornedwagon
wagon wag wagon n that stood across a toss the lot lotaround lotaround lotaround
around which a howling m mob b of merry merrymakers merrymakers merrymakers ¬
makers pushed and clawed and shriek shrieked shrIekcd shrleked ¬
ed In wild anxiety to secure the pieces piecesof piecesor piecesof
of cardboard that would gain them admission ad admission admission ¬
mission to the tent The old ticket ticketbutcher ticketbutcher ticketbutcher
butcher scowled one could almost im imCne ImfGne imagne
fGne agne Cne he sighedThings sighed sighedThinzs sighedThlns
Things aint what they were in the thegood th thgood thegood
good old ol days he murmured I believe believeIn
In being honest all right all right but butwhen butwhen butwhen
when it comes to playing that game gamelike game gamelike gamelike
like a wise wise guy guy plays cases witty wlt1 never neverany neverany neverany
any little Jaunt out Into more uncertain uncertainterritory uncertainterritory uncertainnterritory
territory its about the time I lay down downmy downmy downmy
my hand handLook handLook handLook
Look at that bunch of mugs in the thowagon th thwagon thewagon
wagon Im willing to make al O I small smallgamble smallgamble smallgamble
gamble they wouldnt know a a short shortchange shortchange shortchange ¬
change racket if It was shoved up upagainst upuS upagainst
against uS inst them and itls an even bet they theyget the theget theyget
get the small end of the purse as often oftenas ottenas oftenas
as the gay and giddy public Whats Whatsthe Whatsthe Vhatsthe
the use TJh UhNow UkNow v vNow
Now the way I regards this circus circusproposition olr circusproposition us usproposition
proposition the population raises and andsoaks and andsoaks andsoaks
soaks a stake for each and every per performance Valtormance performanee
formance of the greatest show on earth earththat earththat earththat
that is due to strike the burg and the thepopulation thepopulation thepopulation
population just naturally expects to be beseparated beseparated beseparated
separated from the cush cushy If one f them themshould themshould themshould
should wake up the next morning and andfind andfind nd ndfind
find more in his rags than a Canadian Canadiandime Cnndlnrdime Canadiardime
dime and a bone collar button hed feel feellike teellike feellike
like hed been conned There would be bea bea bea
a sort of hazy impression in his thlnk thlnkpan thlnkpan thinkpan
pan that something had gone wrong wrongand wrongand wrongand
and that he had overlooked a bet Now NowI
I call It a shame to let any of the bene benefactors benetactors benefactors ¬
factors of the circus accumulate a acrouch a1rouch agrouch
Good Old Days Have Gone GoneThey GoneThey GoneThey
They never had any an when 1 used to toscatter toscatter toscatter
scatter paper paper for some Bomo of the onering oneringoutfits oneringoutfits oneringoutfits
outfits that toured the South and West Westten Westten Vestten
ten years ago When one of these shows showsgot showsgot showsgot
got through with a town the savings savingsbanks savlnSSbanks savingsbanks
banks cashiers would all allcnll ill call for a new newdeck newdeck newdeck
deck Ive Been a drove of locusts 10cu L that thatwcro thntwere thatwere
were heading in our direction put their thulrheads theirheads theirheads
heads under their wings and Weepthe Aveep they
i ineer
were that sore on themselves There Therenever Therenever
never was any an kick coming either The TheRubes TheRubes TheRubes
Rubes would buckle up tho pockets pocketswhere pockets pocketswhere pocketswhere
where the were accustomed to keep keeptheir keeptheir keeptheir
their money and it was them for the theplow theplow theplow
plow and the strenuous life until the thenext thenext thenext
next time the circus came to town They Theywore Theywere Theywore
wore happy happ at It too tooOld tooOld tooOld
Old man Jim Smith who ran one oneof oneot oneof
of the greatest shows on earth in those thosedays thosqdays thosedays
days always had the talent submit bids bidsfor bidsfor bidsfor
for the privilege of running the ticket ticketwagon ticketwllgon ticketwagon
wagon It cost anywhere from x100 100 OO to
500 a month and It was worth the themoney themO themoney
money mO 1ey The ticket butcher accounted to tothe tothe tothe
the management for torso so many tickets for foreach torMCh foreach
each MCh performance and whatever little littleamounts IIttloamounts littleamounts
amounts he could sorter gather S gator er In for forhimself forhlmselr forhimself
himself were his hisand and no questions questionsasked questionsasked questionsasked
asked It was bad going when the thebutcher thebutcher thebutcher
butcher couldnt soak away a hundred hundreda
a n week < for himself Sometimes the theRubes theRubes theRubes
Rubes would make a a small holler but butit bu buIt butit
it never mattered much for the only onlysatisfaction onlysatisfaction onlysatisfaction
satisfaction it was the custom to hand handout handout handout
out was a swift punch Its U wonderful wonderfulwhat wonderfulwhat wonderfulwhat
what consolation a good husky can canvasman canvasma canvasman
vasman with fists like a pair of sugar sugarcured sugarcured augurcured
cured hams hamsj can deal de l out In this way wayGentlemen wa waGentlemen wayGentlemen
Gentlemen of Grace GraceWe GraceVe GraceWe
We Ve had a number numbe of professional professionalgentlemen proCessionalzentIemen professionalgentlemen
gentlemen connected with the outfit outfitthat outiltthat I Ithat
that wore just about the smoothest smoothestover smoothustCsVEr smoothestover
over They The could separate the weary wearyand wearyanC wearyanc
and anC unfortunnteffrom unrortunatefrom their th their lr money with witha
a relished ease that made the operation opera operation operation ¬
tion a relief to all concerned They Theywore The Thewore Theywere
wore Socialists in a kind of a way wa and nndbiieved andLIJeed andbelieved
believed In the division of the eirculit eirculitiiii elrculltiu circuLttfrrg
iiii iu frrg medium among the people peopleBilly peoplehHmy peopleBilly
Billy Hester who dispensed the lit literature literature litorature ¬
erature that was said to contain the thejckes thejckes theekes
jckes ekes of tho clowns and nil the songs songssun songisun songssung
sun sung In the unparalleled array of Eu Eurcitan EurCtan Leurcftan
rcitan and m American musical novelties noveltiesthat novelLleithnt noveltiesthat
that made up tho concert had a way wa of ofbeguiling otbcuUlng ofbeguiling
beguiling time and the rustics with a aneat anout aneat
neat little trick that was common commonenough oommononough commonenough
enough then but about which one hears hearsnothing 11earsnothinG hearsnothing
nothing now nowWhen nowWhen nowWhen
When business got slack around hi hiparl hlimrl his hisinert
inert of the tent Billy Bill always produced u uKold Uold agold
gold old doublecagip double ongip and whirled whlrl d it around aroundin
h in the air until unti1lthe Lthe thc natives began to tostop tootolJ toatop
stop und un rubber Then hcn lie 1YOpdrJ Noul woujdpu i
T T3 P4f bf kittrthat kitetthat kit that may furnish the th e form formior for the airship of the th future futureAtkfjnrnent tuturcAtta futureAttachment
Atkfjnrnent Atta Attachment ment o of a Motor M tor and an Propellers sj All AllThat AlliTbat AllThat
iTbat That Remains to Be BeDoFleto Doge Done to Make MakeHis Makeq MakeHis
i His Invention a Complete Conipletear andFinal and aricKFinal d dF
Final F lnal Success
boats bo ts posgcss P posscss S iss great Teat strength st ongth and yetbechuze yet yetbecause yetbe
because be uU ot O b their h lr tetrahedral structure structureare structutare structureare
are are si Jght bt as not to overweight the thekite thekite thekite
kite The lhethr three c boats were then ranged rangedparallel r rangedparallel ngcd ngcdparallel
parallel to t one one another and the giant giantMabel giantrilbel giantMabel
Mabel placed upon and fastened to tothem tothem tothem
them themThe themThe themThe
The initial velocity was as secured s secured cured by at attaching atu attaching ¬
taching u hlng the floating flying machine to tothe tothe tothe
the the stern of a a small steamboat which whichhad whichhad whichhad
had been been chartered for the purpose As Asthe Asthesteamer Asthe
the thesteamer steamer gained headway the great greatkite greatkite greatkite
kite trembled tremblt > d for a few moments and andthen andthen andthen
then rose gracefully from the t tie e water and andflew andn andhew
flew n wste1 steadily UY the full length of the line lineMabel lineM lineMabel
Mabel M bel II had hac been shown fully capable capableof
of carrying both a man and cud an engine engineand engineand engineand
and Dr Bell has concluded c ncludcd that If the theinitial theInitial theinitial
initial velocity eJoclt necessary necessar for flight can canbe canbe canbe
be given by b a pull It can be given just justas justas justas
as well by a push In other words that thata
a motor motor attached to the machine and andoperating andpperatIng andoperating
operating propellers can supply suppl the mo mementum momentum momentum ¬
mentum just as well as an outside force forceOne torceOne forceOne
One of the thebeauties beauties of Dr Bells mou mouels mo moels mou mouels
els Is that in every one there is a a large largeroom largeroomy
roomy room space spaceln In the center where the op operator operator
erator and his hispassen passengers ers may sit This Thisposition Thisposition Thisposition
position Is much safer and more com comfortable comtortable comfortable ¬
fortable than sitting In a chair suspend suspended ¬
ed some yards ord below the machine and andas anda andas
as a the ultimate machfnc to be used in intime Intime intime
time of war will be constructed of oftougher oftoughEr oftougher
tougher material than wood and silk silkthe sIlkthe silkthe
the operator and the motor would be behidden behidden behidden
hidden instead of offering a splendid splendidtarget splendIdtargct splendidtarget
target for ever shot from below Dr Drlargely DrBell DrBell
Bell Js pow now trying to devise a a kite oflargely or orJargey
largely greater sr atlT lifting power than those thoseof thoseoC thoseof
of the the cmQ models models I s he has constructed In the thepast thepast thepast
past The product of this thought Vic Victor VIctor Victor ¬
tor 1 has been bt > en declared by a a competent competentauthority compet competentauthority nt ntauthority
authority to be the most wonderful kite kiteever kiteever
ever devised and put together It Is IsbulltUke isbuilt
built bulltUke like the letter H with great wings wingsthat wingsthat wingsthat
that flare away awa1from from the center centerKite centerBite
Kite of a New Model ModelThis ModeThis ModelThis
This great kite rose from the land landwithout landwIthout landwithout
without running in in a breeze so lightthat light lightthat I ht htthat
that a a JlaE lag 1g0n on of 7pole pole fifty yards ards away awayhungv awayhung awayhung
hung limp l1 p and motionless It glided g lded up upand upand upand
and up until it was flying six sixor or seven sev n
hundred yards hrda above bove the earth steady steadyas steadyas
as a table tabletop Ot ton n In Irtil Illa a breeze of fifteen fifteenmiles fifteeniHes fifteenmiles
miles iHes an url hour 1i nr It Irfiew 1tt tuna i air S steadily ste Uy us us be before before before ¬
fore but hearer nearer ne ier the perpendicular p perpendioulhrand perpendioulhrandwith rpendl ulhrnd ulhrndwith and andwith
with a tremendous trcm ndou pull pullThe pullTl1e pullThe
The attachment of the motor m tor and pro propellers propellers propellers ¬
pellers will be the next step of the th ex experiments experiments experiments ¬
periments jftid i tiid t d it is not doubted that a amotor amotor amotor
motor sufficiently sumeientl strong and light Ug t may maybe maYbe maybe
be obtained Indeed there there are such suchnow suchnowon suchnow
now nowon on the market Within a year ear or ortwo ortwo ortwo
two at the outside Dr Bell expects to tohave tohaV tohave
have haV built a flying machine which whf can canbe canI canbe
be I propelled Propell through thr through the air nIr at t ike c will willQ willot willat
Q ot the pp g gppatorp itQrs without ou oepsndence oepsndenceupon uePMj1enceupop depepllenceupotr
upon the wind and in In whatever direc direction direction direction ¬
tion is desired He does not regard this thisas thisas thisas
as at all problematical l but ns an ab absolute absolute absolute ¬
solute certainty certaintyExperiments certalnt certalntExperiments certaintyExperiments
Experiments at Arlington ArlingtonThe ArIingtonThe ArlingtonThe
The experiments beyond ond Arlington Arlln ton are arenot ar arnotdeslsned arenot
not notdeslsned designed to go deeply deepl Into the thesubject thesubject thesubject
subject but merely merel to illustrate to toscicn toscicntistsqq o scientists scien scientists ¬
tists tistsqq Atli Qndjgthe5s qthe th sinteresttyhinii interested lnterestojlJJ in the pro project project rG rGject ¬
ject of aerial aerlalnaigntlon navigation what whnthns ins been beenaccomplished Jeenaccomplished aeenaccomplished
accomplished in this direction with the theaid thcaid theaid
aid of tetrahedral kites kitesThe kitesThe kitesThe
The kites that th t will be b used arc not of ofthe ottb ofthe
the tb largest size or the most recent type typeMost tpe11ost typeMost
Most of these are atthe at the laboratory at atBaddeck atHaddeck atBaddeek
Baddeck and could not be brought to toWashington toWashington
Washington without some trouble The Theexperiments Thee Theexperiments
experiments e X > e rlments will WJIlillustrnte illustrate however the thevast t11est thevast
vast st lifting power of the tetrahedral tetrahedralkites tetrahedralJ tetrahedralkites
kites J tes and andto ndO to point out otJttl1e the resulisthat resulisthatmay r results sulfgthatmay that thatmay
may confidently be expected tofollow tofollowDr tfoUowDr to follow followDr
Dr Bell rather ther resents resen the color of in intense intense intense ¬
tense importance that thatlias has been given th thexperiments thexperiments the theexperiments
experiments In newspaper articles that thathave thathave thathave
have assumed to be descriptive a scrlptie of them themThe themThe themThe
The real work of final experiment will willbe wIDbe willbe
be done at Baddeck during the ap approaching approaching appreaching ¬
proaching summer A larger kite of ofthe otthe ofthe
the model of Victor I will be built and andto andto andto
to this a motor and propellers will be bealtrched beoUrhed beattrhed
altrched Success at an early data dat is ishdpe ish Ishdpe
hdpe h pe < t for f r but bu at atnnyrate1t any anyaateIt rate It cannot nnot be belong bel belong
long l ng dflayd dla delay d > j As Dr Bell says ys The Thecn3 Thecna Theend
end fs fsfnsfht In sight
HE woman who makes an arc t of ofdressing O Odressing > f
THE I dressing must conslder conslderher her gowns gownswith gownswith gownswith
with relation to the time and andnlace andnlace andplace
nlace of wearing Almost any becoming
light color looks well In a drawing drawingroom drawingroom drawingroom
room and almost any becoming color colorthat colorthat colorthat
that Is not too brilliant or striking looks lookswell lookswell lookswell
well on the street in the winter but butthere butthere butthere
there are certain colors particularly parUcularlbeautItul
beautiful with the summer and these thesethings lh thesethings sc scthings
things should be remembered when whenshopping whenshoppIng whenshopping
shopping for summer summer clothes Some Somecolors Som Somcolors Somecolors
colors discordant indoorst indoors have a great greatcharm Sleatcharm greatcharm
charm in an outdoor setting settingThe settinGThe settingThe
The woman who wore a red dress to tothe tothe tothe
the opera last winter round herself on onvery onvery onvery
very bad badtenns terms with her background backgroundfor
for the th red boxes not only onl deadened d adened the theeffect theerrector theeffect
effect errector of a red gown sown but made it posi positively poslUely positively ¬
tively disagreeable disagreeableYet disagreeable
Yet the bright golf gol red a a raw and anduncomfortable anduncomfortable anduncomfortable
uncomfortable color Indoors has a de delightful de deIIghtful de delightful ¬
lightful effect upon the golf gol links or tennis ten tennis tennls ¬
nis court and the indispensable sweater sweaterwhen sweaterwhen
when of that color Is pleasing pleasing for such suchuse suchuse suchuse
use in spite of the fact that red Is not notin notIn notin
in most cases an agreeable summer summercolor summercolor summercolor
color colorThe colorThe colorThe
The bright apple green greenthe the old fash ¬
ioned green greenwhich which is such a beautiful beautifulnounce beautltulnounce beautifulnounce
nounce he would place the coin in one oneof oneot oneof
of the books of which possibly a dozen dozenwere dozenw dozenwere
were w re displayed and still continue to dis dispose dispose dispose ¬
pose of the entire collection of musical musicalgems musIcalgems musicalgems
gems for the pitiful sum of two bits or ors orcents
25 s cents The doubleeagle would glide glldtsgently glldtgently glidegently
gently between the leaves of one of the thebooks thetroeks thebooks
books Billy Bill would make an awkward awkwardeffort awkwuderrort awkwardeffort
effort to shuffle the pack p ck and the easy easyonea easyone easyones
ones one would fall over themselves in theireagerness their theireagerness theren
eagerness en Erness to make connection with the thopilze thepl thepi
pilze pl ize
Where the Money Went WentBilly WentBill WentBilly
Billy Bill always alwa s forgot to tell them themthough themthough themthough
though that when the money went b btv 1Jt bP bPtv >
tv t ten cn the leaves it went all the way waythtough wa wathlough waythrough
through and was neatly nentl palmed away awaywhere awa awawhere awaywhere
where It could do no harm and would wouldcontribute wouldcmtrlbute wouldcontribute
contribute nothing to the accumulation accumulationof
of o that sordid pelf reputed to be the theroot thercol theroot
root of all evil And It would hove h have e don donyour dolOU1 done doneyour
your OU1 heart good to see the look of ofrrieved otriecd offieved
rrieved surprise that used to envelop envelopBills enelopBIs envelopBrls
Bills risinpsun 1Isln sun countenance when nona nonaof nonJr nonsA
of r his customers cuslomerssucceeded succeeded in picking pickingout plcklnJut pickingout
out ut the lucky book He was a n real realfrtist realrrtist
frtist was s Billy and Lind nd if lees hc where he heought heuht hetught
ought uht to be now Ill bet theres a whole wholeroom whclolJom whcleroom
room lJom in his mansion filled with harps harpsnntl harsnnd harpsand
and crowns crownsPeople crownseople crownsPeople <
People > eople have got too wise anyhow anyhowTJnje anho anhoXmP anyhowimp
TJnje imp waa Wt wjien JXh n they U1 y fro ere r Juajt u gg Po wjU Y 11
color is better in town or In the house housethan housethan housethan
than In the country c cotlritry rr1t1J Almost all alfIvd alfIvdgretns vivid vividgreens vividgreens
greens are unpleasant In combination combinationwith combinationwft combinationwith
with wft the green green of grass arid trees treeswhether treel4whether treeswhether
whether the color is is a house or or r a a gar garden garden garden ¬
den seat or In a womans dress The Theeffect Thietrect Theeffect
effect is somehow chemical and discord discordant dlscordanL discordant ¬
ant antA
A faint green or grayish green Teen how however however however ¬
ever Is attractive and harmonious out outdoors outdoors outdoors
doors and is Is a rt very ery deliciously de1lclousl cool coollooking cool10ok coollooking
looking 10ok 1g color In print prin y organdie Qr < jr ging gingham gIngham gingham ¬
ham hamAll hamAn hamAll
All pale and dull blues are pleasant pleasantoutdoors pIe plea ant antoutdoors t toutdoors
outdoors pale pink and yellow are also alsoharmonious alsoluumonlous alsoharmonious
harmonious White is the most beauti beautiful beautiful beautiful ¬
ful and effective of all against a back background backround background ¬
ground round of green grass and trees White Whitewith Whitewith Whitevvlth
with a n touch of red has a great picture picturemaking picturemaking picturemaking
making quality outdoors The bright brightcleai brightciERI brightclear
clear blue blu that comes In linens and mad roadrases madrasEsis madrases
rasEsis rases Is beautiful In the strong sun sunlight sun sunlight sunlight ¬
light upon the seashore Here Her also the thetouch thetouch thetouch
touch of red with the white whitefor for those thosewham tboaewhom ttooaewhcm
whom It may ma become becomeIs Is delightful delightfull dellghttulIJark delightfulDark
l Dark > ark colors colorsblack black black brown and dark
blue biushte hitve little beauty outdoors as asthey aathey asthey
they absorb without giving out eight iJghtUght
Light gray and tan In tweeds or covertcloth covert covertcloth covertcloth
cloth is more agreeable and summer
like in I effect effectins effectins effectinb
ins to pick out the shell under which whichthe whkhthe whichthe
the pea was reposing as to eat ami amithty amIthtY andthey
thty took apositive a positive joy In threecard threecardmcnte threecardmGnte threecardmonee
mcnte and the knives with the fivedollar five fivedollar fivedollar
dollar Williams wrapped around the thohandles thcJmdles theandles
handles mdles They never wanted anything anythingmore anythingmJre anythingmore
more joyous and entertaining than th thj thchance the thechance
j chance to blow in the savings of sixnarths six sixmonths Idxnlfnths
months of hard work against these fes festive fC3t1o fcsttve ¬
tive propositions and what they liked likcrtthey UkC1they likedthey
they did Take em now and they Uleyhavf Uleyhavfgot have havogot havegot
got hold of the Idea that their whole wholeauty wholeauty wholeauty
auty is done when they pay one admission admis admission admission ¬
sion to the big tent and do a fifteen fifteenminute 11fteenm fifteenminute
minute m nute elastic neck exhibition at thefreaks the thofreaks therraks
freaks in the side sld show It makes ina inareal iris irisreal
real weak weakIts weakUs weakIts
Its the same way JVn with the show showpeople 3howpeople showpeople
people They have hae got so blamed honest hon honest honest ¬
est that a man hasnt got a achnnce chance and andIf and1f andif
If somebody omeb d connected with the th outfit outfitstarted out11tstarted outfitstarted
started out ut to do a little business on onhis onhis onhis
his own hook its a copperriveted cinch cinchhe cInchhb cinchhe
he would find himSolf off the sawdust sawdustand snwduiand sawdust sawdustand
and probably doing doing a thirty thlrt days turn turnIn t1Unin turnin
In the village Toombs ToombsTin ToombsIm
e eIm
Im sore on the whole lot said the thoold theold theold
old ticket butcher The only ool place a aman amun aman
man stunda stnnJ3 a chaiieo chnneoIo Is i s oat out t beyond b nd the thetall thetull thetall
tall timber and Utoroitlnt tltorp itint t much dolai dolaioven doliloven doing doingoven
oven there Blamed If I r1uut 1 dont think Ill IDu11 Ill4uitt
4uitt 4uittI u11 I

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