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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, August 27, 1905, Magazine Section, Image 38

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026749/1905-08-27/ed-1/seq-38/

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Thev bro e Mcy <
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TcUJe 1 k 172e 72e AQa Addams D1cS Jtead oJ 7all rhe Hull Hovse lo rse Jce4m Jcc fe y d1J1 j
ClI1CSo C rcago d aJJQ l cne tV tvorsrbn 71Ztr71 rh r dam z a me7n rJemb c7 r J a f IIIe s Fvtrs i9 me e
Cav2t C TJZ1 Jcya 4 s Cavld3orC7 cou1d 3 VGPJ2 l lc fh c JV Wzz QQy dy C cr Jt yrt
Miss Jane Addams Is Known All Over the
Land for the Won Wonder der ful Wor k She Has
Been Doing in Hull House in Chicago
Her Aptitude For Executive Control Has
Been We Well ll Tested Does Anyone Sup ¬
pose That SheW She Wou o ld Fail Failas as Mayor o
That City QtyJ J As ks the Eminent Eminent Jurist
of o f Chicago How does
IlJ IlJAYOR that sound Justice
i David Da d J Brewer of the
i United States Supreme
Court Court a thinks L3 bh k km m it t sounds
very ery well welltoo too good to be true And
of course Its only o n ny y a dream dreamor or per ¬
chance a prophecy Justice Brewer
has spoken right out in meeting in
favor of woman as a Toter oter and an
omceholder He has said that he sees
no reason why a woman should not
be President He declines to be be ¬
lieve that the suffrage will dewom ¬
a anize her he points out her greater grea ter
ahonesty honesty her keener sense of responsi ¬
bility and answers very thoroughly
the timeworn argument that she
lacks executive capacity
It was In an address to the stu ¬
dents of Vassar College that Justice J t e
Brewer came out in favor of woman
suffrage He was talking to the the stu ¬
dents on the problems facing the th e
American citizenship When the girls
suggested that these problems did dl
not concern them inasmuch as
were not voters he retorted that they y
ought to be and before they knew line mew w
it they probably would be Later he h e
explained himself at some length in i n
the New York World saying that as a s
women now have full suffrage in n
four States and vote on on certain c ce ertaIn ques ¬
tions In some of the th other States 4 i It t
Is nJt visionary to suggest that the th e
next halfcentury may extend full suf su ¬
frage throughout the Union One On e
thing Is clear that if It tends to th the e
better life of woman it will bless all
and should be adopted If it In ¬
jures her It will injure society and an d
should not be extended
He winds up his carefully prepared d
statement in this wise
While In this country it is true tru e
we have had no conspicuous illustra ¬
tions of higher municipal or State
ofScehoIding by woman yet she has ha S
often been elected to and filled the tb e
place of superintendent of Instruction n
In both city and State and of my own o wn
experience in Kansas I know that tha t
she has discharged discharged the duties d tIes o of t
those offices superintending all school scho of
p jfttJirfrs p 1rs S with marked success
Is it to be supposed that success ¬
ful In one branch of municipal af a f ¬
fairs to wit wit the educational she will WI 1
fall when she is placed In charge of
other branches One Illustration n
comes readily to mind MIsa Mis n65 Jan Janf
Addams Is known all over the land lan d d
for the wonderful work she has been bee n
doing In Hull House In Chicago Her He r
aptitude for executive control has ha s
been well tested Does anyone sup su p ¬
pose po e that she would fail as mayor of
that city
w jj g
Only a Woman
How many man without wlthoqt Intending any an y
disrespect to the present or past pa st t
mayors of Chicago would would rejoice tc
seeing S her tested in that thatoffice office believ beli V ¬
ins that for vigor of control purity p rIty
of aHmfnlstratlon a ml fstratlon and w ise judgment
I In all municipal affairs she would
have h ave no superior and perhaps no
equal In the history of o f that great
commercial metropolis metropolis An And d yet she sh
Is only a woman
After all we must be content to
watch the result In those States St tes where w here
woman suffrage Is being tried If f
there it proves prov a success succ ss it it does
not injure her and does help society s ctet
we shall all delight in seeing it ex ex ¬
tended throughout the Union
Surely to the women women of those
States there has come the golden hour ho r
of a great opportunity
Justice Brewer could hardly have have
disarmed criticism of his rather rath r rad ¬
ical icalexposltlon exposition of his views more
thoroughly than by Instancing Miss
Addams as a woman who wou w wou ld
make a good mayor Those who
agree with his views are likely to
shout triumphantly Of course she e
would wc ccld ld And those who Irreverently
I characterize the venerable gentle ¬
mans remarks as hot air are give given n
pause and forced to admit the pos ¬
sibility sibilitywith with a grudging Well Vell if
any woman could Jane Addams s
could couldthat that Is if they know chow any ¬
thing of Jane Addams As to wheth ¬
er e r Miss Addams wouldtbat would that Is quit quite e
a different proposition
It would depend largely
upo upon n
whether she saw it her duty For Fo r
Miss Addams is a person of an elon ¬
gated conscience She has been calle called d
the conscience of Chicago and an d
I Iheaven I heaven knows Chicago or any othe other r
big city needs one But to have a + I
city run by one onewell well that certain1 certainly y
would be a pleasing novelty
it I
Zs Is Life L e Worth Living
Miss Addams was born at Cedar
ville Ill II 1 in 1860 She has never r
been a female of uncertain age
She graduated from Rockford Col ¬
lege In 1881 and for a few years lived Ilve d
the pleasant young lady life of th the e
period visiting and being visited
going out among her friends read ¬
ing studying traveling But grad
ually her elongated conscience began
to get busy What excuse had sh she e
for living What was she contribut ¬
ing to this great Republic of which
she was a passionately patriotic c
citizen She determined to do who what t
she could to help the poor answer r 1
the question Is life worth living
and she realized that the best way to
do It was first of all to make them fit
to live
She decided to become a physician n
believing that in that capacity she sh e
might find a natural place among th the e
poor without any of the artificiality artiflclalit y
which characterizes most charitable e
work To that end she took a year years S
medical course In tt Philadelphia all al l
tea r
lIf lIft t L SI I
61 ss d damp m ITe prtJiessz rafessl OXNU or z TJ fh hoax ar eJJer emef 7oyPrcm 2n Rrem her er prz J Vd S t < zee eC
fIJC OPFic1rthercshe Z1 re he ecc cc omphshes rnpJZs I e J7jor more rrarAi OrK z 3 one cd V a j jFirs Firs h zz iZt1 o Yth e o or
dri L
dJdtl rr me m n
the t e while under treatment of a spe ¬
cial trouble from which she s he has al ¬
ways w ays ys suffered At the end of this
strenuous stten tis year she s he was obliged d to
rest So she went to Europe for a
years travel trav l and study stUdstudy study along
the lines In which she was most in ¬
terested d travel to places where ex
perlments in the right relationship
between people were being made
She saw saw Toynbee Hall and heard
the message m ssage Go thou and do like ¬
wise She came came home and founded fo nd d
Hull Hull House In Chicago Chl ago which Hall
Caine has designated designa ted as the most bst
complete social s cial settlement in the
world worldand and which everyone knows k owj
is merely mere ly an extension of Jane Ad
dams d dams ms personality She is not merely
its life she is its soul
Hull House Is a remarkable block
of o t fred red buildings bu Udings set down in the
squalor and confusion i of Halsted l
street street Chicago Hull House proper
the nucleus of the settlement is a
substantial roomy house built origi ¬
nally as the th home of the substantial
man man for whom It is named He had
thought the town would grow that
I way wa that that would become a great
residence section It t did but not of
the sort he anticipated It became
one of the most crowded residence I i
sections in Chicago one on of the dens ¬
est e st centers of o population pop populationmostly uta lionmostly mostly of O t
alien birth and alien speech and of j
decidedly alien habits and an alien
dislike for any reckless extravagance extrav gan e I
in the matter of soap andwater and water And
so the dignified old house stood
silent and aloof in the dingy squalor
and noise of its surroundings surro1ndl ss until
Miss ills Helen Culver a niece of the
original owner became Interested In
Miss Addams plans for an nnAmerlcar American
Toynbee TO lbee Hall Hallalid and gave her the use
of Hull House and the adjoining adjoinin g
ground rent free
A City Within a City
Around the nucleus of the original
Hull House has grown literally a
settlement It has its museum its
theater Its club house Its restaurant
Its creche Nearby and allied to It Is i s
the Jane Club a club of selfsupport
Ing young women who are trying to
live up to the ideals of their name ¬
sake And all of these except the
Jane Club are directly under bits Miss 4
Addams control The engineer who wh o
has charge of the steamheatlng steamheatIn the e
electric electrician ian who is responsible for the th e
lighting of the buildings bu dings the cooks
the waitresses all are directly re
sponsiblo to Miss Jane Addams Hull
House has twentysix residents
all working under Miss Addams to tOthe t o
the accomplishment or her Cnds en fla flag tOj g j
which are also their ends These
also come to her if not for for orders a t
least least for advice advl
And as Justice Brewer points out
it takes no small executive ability
to run an establishment of that sort sort
to direct all Its diversified interests
Apart from that Miss Addams is a
member and an active acthemember member of
the school board They are are trying
even now to Induce her to take the
c hairmanship of o one of its commit
tees assured that ifsite If she does the
friction fr iction which has h militated against
its effectiveness will be a thing of
the past There 1s never friction un I Ithe
der Miss nss Addams ddam s She Is continually
writing and and andspeaking speaking along the lines I
o f her own work And she is easily easU
accessible personally accessible a cessible not 1 1accessible
only to every cry for help but to
every visitor who is moved as she
Is by the desire de sire for right relation I
ship between all people
To the left le ft of 0 t the stairway as one
enters the main house is a big sit I
ting room Back of that Is the
library and to one side the octa
gon as Miss fills Addams study and
office is called from its shape Here j I
she Is most frequently to be found j
Here the engineer and a d electrician e
the matron of the creche heads of
various branches of the settlements j
work report to her and talk things
over Here she does her writing and s j J
prepares her lectures It is not an I
ornate room it Is the workroom o of f 1
a thinker Its fur niture is simple 1 1a
appropriate dignified All of the
furniture in Hull House has the th e
supreme beauty of fitness Apart t
from that it has quality workman
ship design No Miss Addams is i s
not not extravagant Her surroundings s I
would always be those of a lady lad be
cause c she is a lady and is used to t o
refined r9fine l surroundings But of he her r
own initiative they would not not be b e
luxurious luxuriousas as indeed they are not
for luxury would not be appropriate
or costly which they frequently are
They are the gifts of friends some
times of Miss Addams friends some
times of friends of one or another of o f
the residents sometimes merely o of f
of the scheme In the abstract
believe in the educational value aIue
beauty Hull House has become e
a measure a museum Its friends s
sent it beautiful furnishings s
they have picked up here or o r
salving their consciences for fo r
extravagance of purchasing them n
b giving them to Hull House None Iron e
the money given for the work of o
House has ever gone into its it s
And money has I lei > en 1l given freely
a Miss M iss Addams has always alwa s been a awel wel
c come come guest at the houses < of wealth
t And everywhere evarywh re she goes she
p prejiches the doctrine of Tolstoy Tolsto that
t the rich IC h should SbO < Ild get off the th e backs b acks of o
t the poor One of her admirers admIrersand and
C Chicago Is full of them themsays says o Her
a attitude of mind has always been
t that of a student She has a large
i patience which Includes all men all
e ainl sins all conditions all prejudices
all superstitions Whatever else
i may be be said otber of her she is largely
t tolerant Possibly she is the most
1 largely tolerant soul so l in i this great gre t
community communit < of souls who do donot not com coin
i mime mune this Commonwealth which Is i s
i not common this industrial corpora
t tion called Chicago in w which hich Indus
I try crushes and makes men men
There are not many pictures in
Miss I Addams octagon Those that
t there are are portraits and a sure
i indication of her turn of mind Tol
2 stoy is there and Abraham Lincoln
J Savonarola and Peter Krapotkih
3 Henry George Mazzini l azzini and Altgeld d
all radicals in the cause of human I Iall
i Uv it 1 t3 Afpn Men nf of nn no nnrMrmlnr particular nsrft age and an d I I
of < no particular land all workers for fo r i
the < advancement of human brother
I hood And in in this goodly company
j just one woman womanGeorge George Eliot
Over there on Halsted street Miss
Addams is counselor nurse chap
I lain and friend to the whole neigh
l borhood 1 o hood The Nineteenth ward in
which Hull House is located con
i tains some 50000 people speaking
probably fifty dialects They aU al
i come to her When sick horses have
i to be killed she is sent for that her
judgment may back the owners and
1 there may be no trouble about insu ¬
ranee When babies succumb to heat
and poverty in summer or cold coldand and j
exposure in winter she he is sent for j
i Orphans are sent to homes sick sicl file I 1
i children to hospitals hospitals women Into
sanitary houses and men into post ¬ I
lions through her her help
Socially her neighbors swear by
her politically they will have none
of < her For years the Nineteenth has
been represented in the city council
by Alderman Johnnie Powers and
probably will be as long as he
i chooses though he is one of the most I
notorious of the gang alderman It I 1
is not his corruption says Miss Ad
dams many man of our people deprecate I
that it is the big kind heart of him
He knows even better than Hull i
House docs the condition of each I
family knows which of the sons are j
in prison and if he cant get them
helps the family while theyre
away knows where there is sickness
and where there 1 death under
stands his people and their little litt1
sentimentalities as a better man who
was not one of them never could
Above all al he knows l ows how strong in
them is the primitive desire In all
of them to honor their dead He will
pay funeral expenses send an extra
carriage or two that the procession
may be more imposing or a fine
floral piece according to circum ¬
stances stanceswhl1e while we practical reform ¬
ers think it more necessary to spend
money on the living than on the
t 1
The Standard cf f nineteenth Ward
So year after year Johnnie Powers
saloonkeeper represented represented r Hull House
and the Nineteenth ward in the city
council Miss Addams has h s sab about ab 1
given iven up any hope that t1 at be can be
ousted so long 1 ng as as he ne chooses to re ¬
main They have their campaigns
the reform element puts up a candi ¬
date and they bring down speakers
f from the Lake Shore patriotic pub j
jj licspirited men who none the less in j
n nine cases out of ten do more harm j
than good Because as Miss Iiss Addams
s says their standards are so differ dJifer ¬
e ent ea t The standard on the Drive is
u upright dealings in positions of pub ¬
jj lic trust the standard on Halsted
s Street treat Is being good to the poor poo r
a and speaking gently of the dead
Miss Addams creed embraces both
Sl standards She is not a religious
woman if religion means asceticism m
o or mysticism the seeing of visions s
a and the regarding of herself as a
D martyr or a spiritual leader She Sh e
does not undertake the instruction of o f
t the soul She has no creeds no for ¬
r mulas m ulas She tries to maintain the th e
Tolstoyan Tolstoy an attitude toward life in th the e
n midst of a complex American civiliza ¬
tion She gives the world friend ¬
g ship and accepts humanity humanit All sorts
Q of doctrines are preached at Hull I
j House In the course of the year
g some someot of them doctrines which startle
a and shock Miss Addams conservative e
She lets all unburden their thei r
souls of o f their bitterness blttern ss Simple kind ¬
ness is is her answer 4Il answer wer to anarchy ar hy and and
knowing that that truth frequently dwelIa dwell
In I n It she always wants Wants to hear the
minority report
There never nev r was anyone less big ¬ 1
oted less fanatic than Jane Addams
She is the first to ask of any pro pro ¬
posed pn ph pla in Will it work She Is
a recognized factor in Chicagos c clVlo ivic lv io
affairs and in matters educational
She has been dubbed the social edu ¬
cator and she deserves des rtes the name
When When I she speaks she always speaks s
to the point There erels is no waste vas eo of i
Words neither is IS there Jl1lharshn any harshness ss
or bitterness She Is always accorded accord d
the e closest closest most respectful nay ni nii i the the e
most affectionate attention attentI n Shehas S1je < has hlS
reached the stage in ehi t Chicago > zicago w iiera h t re
she he is known known mown aril and lpve loved i of ofr of tbein r be beidtlio lng th thr thot r
oughly believed in in If anythmgfibjat anything g1at that
she does is not thoroughly u under uri nder r ¬
stood the public is Isq quite ite satisfied D to
wait until she has time to make her
motives and meanings ings clear
Professional PIofessio Neighbor reighbor and Conscious
Patriot r
Judge udge Brewer would woul wouldmake make Iher her er
mayor A hardheaded T 1 usiness > man n man
once broke off a business discusslom discuss loa i j
to remark There goes goes one of Chi ¬
cagos best citizens citizensone one whose status statu
Id like to see in the most conspic ¬
uous place that th t could be found It
was Jane Addams Again the writer
recalls a leading club woman saying s ying
If Miss Addams and I do not agre agree
on any subject you OU can take my
word for it that I am in the wrong
And she was not a woman given to r
acknowledging herself in the wrong
Another Anothernot not usually an enthusiastic
soul soulsaid said Jane Addams Why 1Vh
if it will forward any of Jane Ad Ad
dams plans to use me as a door mat mat
Ill be proud to serve
And so it goes Jane Addam Addams
professional neighbor and conscicua u
patriot patriotis is acknowledged today as
one of Chicagos leading citizens If
any woman alive could be a big bl
citys model mayor it is she
Soldier of f Fortune Who Rules an Empire Empire
Continued from First Page
in Morocco Years ago he lost
sight of his right eye through
ophthalmia and he promptly learned
to shoot from his left shoulder shouldera a
which has given rise use to the state
that he is lefthanded for there
nothing in the appearance of his
to suggest sugg t that either one of
Is out of commission
Throughout the length and breadth
Morocco his name is regarded as
with inflexible justice justi < e
and indomitable energy and
luck He has the unique distinction I
having driven a hansom cab from
coast to Fez a distance of 120
s over impassable roads He had
rought it back with him from one
f his trips home as one brings toys
the children when one goes to the
it The Sultan S ltan had read of the
of Piccadilly and yearned
one of the curious vehicles So
11e kaid brought it to him But
landed the question of how to
et it to Fez loomed large and ap ¬
insurmountable No o one In In n
dared trust his neck to that
unsteady contraption So
Maclean hang himself into
he breach breachor or rather tucking his am
le robes around him mounted the
and with a Hide of his whip he
as off
It was not a particularly dangeroot
journe journey but it certainly was w was s sa a try ¬
ing i ng one Much of the way there wa was
absolutely no road It was a case at
driving cross lots lotsand and driving a
hansom cross lots is not exactly g
picnic In one place the wheels hat
to be removed and the body of th the
cab slung between camels and carried
over a pass in that way After sev set ¬ t
eral other vicissitudes the hansom hanso
reached the Sultan who was M
pleased as a child with a aneW new toy 1
The strenuous fighting life has kept
clean young He has not caret caretI I
much who or or what he was fighting
fighting fi barbaric tribesmen fighting
cholera scourge fighting the wilea
or oi European diplomacy diplomacyItwas diplomacyit it was all
one so that the foe was worth fight ¬
ing He is intensely intcnsel popular with him
own men They love to tell of hi hJa
adventures adventuresof of the dispatches he has
carried when no one else dared daredot of
the forlorn hopes he has led of th tht
brilliant defenses he has made of the
rescues and the narrow escape
Coroni they the call him hImand and Coro
nl is the chief of all their heroes
among the many man claims he has
on their lasting gratitude It is not
the least accounted to his
that he has managed to con ¬ i ilk lk
the Sultan of the advisability
of once in a while payi pay Wg ng his army arm
that alone he deseres dese es a place la
their prayers JT

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