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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, October 02, 1907, Last Edition, Image 10

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Views of the President PresidentOn PresidentOn PresidentOn
On Affairs of the Nation
Contlnued qontl Conttnt ti od jro frpm from BjeWth I lif lifthe Page Pagea Pagethe
the nam namodAf9url r lr UQJ1 I a oust ir r flag flagions nagfo ag agor
fo or tho ho tJ aervibes rv trwh te ° hVh salt U en enion n In Inlong
ions i v vControl
Control Contr91 of Corporations CorporationsIn
In conclusion I Hash to gqr soy a n word wordto wor worto ti ord ordto
to this fbl body containing contalnh g as ris it docs docsso docsso
so many business inn 1U n upon irlrnt irlrntIs wlmtIs wltatis
Is preeminently prc eminently a business Jm lllcss propo IJfOPOsitton proposition
sltlon and that Is the proper na national national
tional supervision and control of ofcorporaUons
corporations At the meeting of theAmerican the theAmerican UI0AmerIcan
American Bar Association In this thislast thislast
last Augnst AugnstJudgc du s Judge Charles Ft F Anil AmIdon Anildon
don of North Dakota DakotIlrcad read a paper paperon papern
on n the nation and thd th Constitution Constitutionso
so admirable that It Is deserving of ofTory ofTCry ofvery
Tory wide study for What hnt he said snldWas Saidwas
was as all studies of law In its Itslilghest
highest 111 hest form ought to be a contrlbutton contrl contrlbutton contrlmtIon
button to constructive jurisprudence jurisprudenceas
as It should bo understood not notnly notpnly
pnly nly by judges Jud but by legislators legislatorsnot legislatorsnot
not only by thoacuhp tJI05Clyho interpret and nnddeefd anddecide
decide deefd tho law but imtby by those who whomake dlO dlOmuke
mate It and who administer or ortecDte orexecute
execute it He quoted from the theJate thoJnto tltoate
Jate ate Justice Miller of the Supreme SupremeCourt Supremefourt SupremeCourt
Court to show that even in the In Interpretation inttrpretatfon Interpretation ¬
terpretation of the Constitution ConstJtu Ion bythis by hIthis
this the highest authority of the theland theJund theland
land the courts successive decisions decisionsmust decisionsmust
must be tested by tho th way psis f y they theywork theywork theywork
work In actual application to the thenational
national life the court adding nd < < 1Jng to toits toIts toits
its thought and study the results of ofxperIencc ofexperience
experience and obser observation obS Jr atlon loJl until tho thotruo thetrue
true solution Is evolved by a pro proCS5 process
cess both of Inclusion InclusI u and exclu exclusion excluslon
sion slonSaid sionSaJd
Said Jystlce Miller The meaning of ofthf ofthe
the Constitution tetb id to be sought o > ght as much muchIn muchIn
In the national life As as In the dictionary
for as has been beenwgll TV w11 sajd government 30vernmentpurely governmentpurely
purely out of o a law W library IfIj 1 My can never neverbo neoerb neverbe
bo b really good government governmentConstitution gov governmentConstitutioq rnment rnmentConstitution
Constitution Constitutioq 1iotChan 1iotChanow I If ot Changed
Now ow that the quedfons question quethi 4 ne of or government overnmen overnmenart W rnment rnmentar t
art ar becoming so largely economic the themajority themjor1t th thm e
majority mjor1t m Jor1ty of our socalled constitutional constitutionalcases oonUtutionacasell ooneUtutlonacases 1
cases really 1 13 turn not upon the Inter Interpretation Interpretatlon
prctatlon of the Instrument In tnllnent itself but butupon bu t
upon the construction the right appre appr apprhCI8on apprhensfon e
hcnson of the living conditions coi4dItion to which whichIt whichIt
it is to be applied The Constitution is isnow IstOW I Inow a
now tOW ind i d must remain re naln what wh lt It t always alwayslias alwayhas a
has t hen r en n bUt it can only en be interpreted interpretedas Interpret Interpretas ed ede
as the Interests of the whole bole people peoplec1em peopl e
rfemrnd c1em nd If Interpreted as a a living or orginism orgnlsm org
ginism g nism designed to 14 meet the conditions coP41IUonsnf copdUon s
nf > f life IIt and and tot of death eet1t In other words wordsif
if Interpreted aa allwlojiishaU Marshall Interpreted Interpretedtrr InterpretedIt interpret interpreta ed
It as W11etn W Ntn deqlar a 4 It sheuW bo 1cl beln belntrf be1nrrted
trr rrted trf > rfted t tThe 1
The Marshall theory tJ1eo1 the theGr theory of o t
life > and nd not n t or death allows to the theratlon theTiatlon th thration e
ration thai is to the people as a whole wholewhen wholewltn
when once one It Itftnds finds a subject within the thenational thelatlonal t tutlonal
national cognizance the widest idest an and d
frt3t f rtHrst choice of methods for national nationalontrol naUonalontrol nationsnntrol 3
ontrol and sustains susaln every exercise of ofi o or
J r i tionnl power Which has any reason rea > n
i 1I > < 5 relation to national objects objectsTho objects objecbJTho objectsTim
Tho negation of of this tllis theory theorymnns theo theomeans ty
moans for Instance that the na natlon natJonthot nationthat
tJonthot tlon that we w the ninety millions millionsof niilllonof 8
of people of Jhls this country countl1yill will be beleft hcIft b bleft e
left helpless to control tho huge hugecorporations hugecorporntJons hug hugcorporations e
corporations which now domineer domineerIn r
In our Industrial life and that they theywill theywill the thewill F
will have the authority of the thecourts thecourts th e
courts to work their desires un unchecked unchecked
checked and such a decision would wouldI woul woulIn d
In the end be as disastrous for fo r I
them as for usIf us usIt I
If the theory theor of the th Marshall IAr hal1 school sch jplaJJ
prevail then anfsntaenee an an1mt immense enH field of na n a ¬
tional power now no nosso unused uriu ed will be de
vi nlo vrloped loped which will bt adequate adc < uate for fort fortslfng f ftc or
t tslfng tc si Kllng ng with many if I not ul U of the then th e
economic n problems which vex us an anw and andw d
w shorn be saved from the ih ominous I e
tireat of a constant constant c n tant oscillation o clllad n betweeeconomic between ss
economic tyranny and econoihic chaos chaosMr chao chaoIr cha chair oe
Mr Ir industrial and tld therefore our aorta 1
future as a 1 nation depends upon u on settling settlln settllnright 1b b
f right i ht this thl urgent question questionConditions quet1lUonConditions questionConditions
Conditions Changed ChangedThe ChangedThe
The Constitution ConStitUtlQll Is unchanged and andunchangeable andunchanK an anunchangeable d I
unchangeable unchanK b1e save save e 110 y amendment in indue inQue f fHue n
due form form But tho thoCQndlUon the conditions to which whichit
it Is to be applied app Dave undergone a a achange achange
change which ia faaimoet almost Almo t a transforma transformation tnsfonnatlon transformation ¬
tion with the ros ro4it t that many many sub subjects sub1ds subetts ¬
jects etts formerly under thscontrol the th control of the theStates theStatea theSatea
States have come under the control of offlti ottit ofthn
flti tit nationAs nation nationA3 nationAs
As one of the justices of tilt Supreme
Court has recently r entl said The growth growthof growthof j jlf
of national powers po er under und r our Constitution Consti Constitution ¬
tution which marks merely the great greatoutlines greatr
r outlines and designates1 only the great greatrbjects greatrbjects I
rbjects of national concern is to bo bacompared boCompared bQmpAr
Compared mpAr to thegroVth th thfs trtwth of a II country countrynt tountry1It countryn
n nt t by b UteeeographjiSal Ute ceog googrgp plISal t sal enlargement of ofits ofi ofits
its i 8 boundaries but l ity y the tr t e increase of
ls 1 + 9 population1 population1A 11oDulatlonA ODulatlon ODulatlonA
A hundred years ears ago go there t re was as ex except exrt excert ¬
cert rt the commerce which crawled cr ied along aon aonml
cur curseacoast ml seaC08St or up and down dow II our In ¬
terior waterways practically no Inter ¬
state tate commerce Now by the railroad
tho mails the telegraph and the tele ¬ I Iplone
phone an Immense part ot our com ¬
merce Is Interstate By the transforma tran forma ¬
tlon it has escaped e esi aped ped from the th power of
the tlt t + e State and andcome come ome under the power powerof powerof
of f the nation Therefore there has been beeni beengrthe
a i great grthe grtheeaatn eaatn practical change ch ngo In the exercise cxercisoof
of r the national chat tfower tow ower r under the acts actsof act6nr
of 1f Congress Congr ss over overlnterstato Interstate commercewhile commerce commercewhile commcreewhile
while on the other Jmndthero hand there has has10n
lr 10n l e n o no f noticeable change tanccrln in the ex excrrise OXcrrlse excrc
crrise crc se of o the e national tonal power to regu ¬
late commerce with foreign nations and andwith andwIth andwith
with the Indian tribes tribesTho trlbosTho tribesThe
Tho change as regards interstate com commerce comYTcrce comvcrce ¬
merce has been not In the Constitu ¬
tion but in the business bu ln868 of the people peoplelt peoplet
V lt t + which It Is to be applied Our ecocIjmla eco ecot 000tmla
tmla omits and social future
t futurdepends depends in a avery anry avery
very large part upon how the Inter Interstate Intorlate intertate ¬
state late commerce power of the nation In
i interpreted interpretedI
I believe that tho th nation has the hoG ahcgovernmental vhoTcgovernmental hoGJovernmental
governmental power over Intersls Interslscommerce Interst Interstontmorce interatac
c commerce and the widest discretion H HaUnS > n
dealing aUnS with that subject of courseunder course courseunder courS6under
under the express limits 1Imlt prescribed pr be inthe In Inthe inthe
the Constitution for the exercise of all alljHiwers nill all3wwers
l jHiwers > owers sucb fo for or h > siazigg tang as Jhe late Cot con ¬
dition that duo process process of law shall shallnot 4JhaUnot Shallnot
not be denied deniedNo deniedNo deniedNo
No Intrastate PowerThe Power PowerThe PowerTh
The Th nation has no nO dlreet 1re t power Power over overpurely OV4rpurely overpurely
purely intrastate commerce even con where whereit whereJt wher wherit e
it is conducted con uct > d by bythosam8 the same agencies agencieswhich agoncJcswhlcb agonelcswhiob
which conduct interstate lnterstatccommercc commerce The Thocoutts Thecoutts Th Thcoutts e
coutts must determine what is national nationaland naUonal4lud nationaand 1
and what hat is s State eommoroo cominerCoThe eominoreo The same samereasoning gamenasonlnt sam samrtasoaing e
reasoning which hlch sustained 8ustained the power of ofCongres ofConSles o oCongres f
Congres to incorporate the United States Stateslianlc StatesUanlc StatesBanat
lianlc tends to sustain the power to In Incorporate Incorporate Itscorporate ¬
corporate an Interstate Int r8lte railroad or any anyother anyother an another y
other corporation conducting an interstate inter interstate Intcrstale ¬
state business businessThere buslneSliThere businessThere
There are difficulties imcult1 arising from our ourdual ourdual ou oudual r
dual form of government If they prove proveto prov provela
to be insuperable Tteort 80rt must he > je had hadto hndto hadto
to the power of oCam amendment ndment Let us
first try tr to meet Qt thorn by b an exorcist exorcistof exorCl5uoe exorciseof
of all the thepowets powers of the National Gov Government Govrnmcnt Govcrnment ¬
ernment < < which m In the Marshall spirit spiritof t ptit ptitof ri riof t
of broad interpretation fl1terprotatlOl1aLll cast an be found f UDd in inthe Inthe inthe
the Constitution ae it is I They lhe arc of ofvast ofTut ofvastextent
vastextent vast extent The chief economic cues cuesas <
as ass
Uon of the day in n this country countt is to toprovide toprovIde t tprovide
provide a sovereign soc lJn fop CQJ the groat cor corporations corporations ¬
porations engaged enbftgedln in Interstate JntorstatcbuslJ1tss JntorstatcbuslJ1tssthtlt lntorstateUuslnCssthat business businesschat
chat is for th the railroads and the Idler Idlerstate l listerstate ll r rtate
state tate industrial corporationsWatching aorporaUousWatching corporations oorporallouaWatching
Watching Railroads RailroadsAt RailroadAt RailroadsAt
At the moment our prime concern coneerti Is Iswith Iswith Iswith
with the thf railroads ra11 roa s When lion railroads railroadswere railrondswere railroadsre
were we re first built they were w repurel purely local localIn ocnlIn
In character Their boundaries were ero not notcoextensive notco no nocoextensive t
0 coextensive co xten618 even with the boundaries of ofone ufone u ucite t
o one State They usually covered but buttwo buttwo buttwo
t two < or three counties All this has now nowchanged nowchangad nowanged
changed ch anged At At present pre ent five great sys systems syst systems ¬
tems t m8 embody nearly four fourfifU1s fifths of the thetotal Lhetotal latetotal
u total mileage mnoa e of the country country All the themost Lh Lhmost
n most important railroads are no lun lunger Iunger luit8er ¬
ger State St te roads 1 ad5 but instruments of o in interstate interstate Inrstate ¬
terstate te rstate commerce commerce Probably 85 per cent centot cento centoI
ot o their business bU8ln Is interstate business businessIt usUCl1S usUCl1SIt
It is the nation alone which whlthc1n can with withwisdom with1sdom withwisdom
wisdom w Justice ju Ucc and effectiveness etfectlt eness ex exercise tXuCise exercise ¬
ercise j over these interstate railroads the thethorough lhuthorough th ththbrough e
thorough and complete compl te supervision supervisionwhich supervistowhich uperv1filonhleh n
which hleh should hould be exercised uerc sed One of the thechief thE thEchier thechief =
chief and probably the chief of the th e
domestic cause for the adoption of the lhtoConsUtution
c Constitution was W s the need to confer upon uponthe uponthe upo upothe n
the nation exclusive control ov over r Inter Interstate Inturlate interstate ¬
state late commerce But this grant grantor ot pow power power pows ¬
e er Is s worthless unless It is held to can
fer thoroughgoing and complete e mploto control controlover controlOVlr controle
0 over practically Utn ctieallY th thties the e sole Instrumentali Ihstrum ntlll ¬
ll ties of interstate commerce commercethe the Inter Interstate Inltrstate lnltrstate ¬
state railroads railroadsRailroads rallroatlsRailroads railroadsRailroads
Railroads ShortsightedThe Shortsighted ShortsightedTho ShortsightedThe
The railroads themselrcs themselves have havebeen hatobeen havebeen
been J exceedingly shortsighted In Inthe Inthe I Ithe n
the rancorous bitterness which they the thehave y
have shown against the resumption resumptionby
by tIle nation of this longneglected longneglectedpower longneglectedpower ongnegl ct d dIJonor
P power Gnat Gr nt capitalists who pride pridethemselves prldoUlemsoItcs prid pridemselves o
themselves th emselves upon their extreme con conservatism consenntlsm consorvntisni ¬
8 servatism often believe they are areacting areacting ar aracting e
n acting in the Interests of property propertywhen propertyrIlen propertwhen y
Tl when following a course so shortsighted short shortsighted shortl ¬
l 8 sighted AS to bo really an assault assaultupon assaultuon ASSauIarea t
r upon uon property They have shown shownextreme shownextreme show showextreme n
C extreme unwlsdom in their violent violentopposition TIolentPPOSIUOIl violentopposltloll nt t
fl opposition to the assumption of ofcomplete ofcomplete o ocomplete f
C complete control over ot r the railroads railroadsby rnJlroadsby railroadby s
by the Federal edrnl Government GovernmentThe GOternmentThe GovernmentThe
The American people will not tol toIate tolerate tolerilte ¬
C erate el ate the happygolucky happy oIucky system of ofno ofno o t
i no no control over the great Interstate Interstaterailroads IntcrstnternUronds e te
railroads with the Insolent an and andmanifold andnumlfold d
J manifold abuses which have lave so gen generally genernll ¬
i rally ernll o accompanied it The control controlmnst controlmust l
j must exist somewhere and unless unlessit unlessit antes I Iit
j it is by thoroughgoing and radical radicallaw radlcnllaw l
law placed Inced upon the statute book books booksof booksof
of < the nation it will be exercised exercisedIn d
1 In h i everIncreasing measure by the theseveral thosetcml th thseveral e
several < States StatesGovernment StutesGovernment
Government Should Have Power PowerThe PowerThe
The same Sam considerations which hloh mad madthe made madethe madethe e
t the founders of the Constitution deem it itimperative ItImperathe
1 imperative that the nation should have havecomplete havecomplete hay e
complete < control control of interstate commerce commerceapply commerceapply commercpply e
apply a pply with peculiar force to the control controlof controlof contr controf of
of interstate railroads at the present presentday presentJa L
day Ja and the arguments of Madison MadisonVlrginla ot otVirginia otVirginia
Virginia PIckney of South Carolina Carolinaand Carolinaand Carollnand a
and Hamilton and Jay of New York in intheir Intheir f ftheir n 1
their essence e2sence apply now as they applied appal ° i1 1
3 18 1 ill years ago agoThe agoThe agoThe
The national naU < > Qa1 convention which framed framedthe tramedr framethe j
r the Constitution and In which elm almost almostall almo t lr
r all the most eminent of the the th first rst gener genertlon generI gone rm r
I tlon of American Amerlcanfl1ate statesmen men sat em embodied emI e m ¬
bodied the theory l ory of the Instrument in Inresolutbn a aresolution 0 0rsolutlon
resolution to t the effeot that the Na National National N a ¬
I tional Government Governme t should have power ain in incases Inca i
cases ca e where the separate States were In Incompetent InI I Icompetent ¬
I competent to act with full efficiency and andwhere andwhere a d
where w here the harmony harmon of the United States Stat Statwould ea s
I would be Interrupted by the exercise ex exerciseuch rclse of ofsuch orsuch f
J such s uch individual legislation
I The Interstate railroad situation is es exI e echy x
a chy a case In point There w111 ot otcourse otcourae
I course be local matters affecting rail railroads tai tairoads it
roads which whlchcan can 1 best be aet t be dealt with by f
local authority but as national com commerclal commercl
merclal mercl l agents the th big Interstate rail railroad rat ratroad 1 ¬
II road ought to bo completely subject to tonational tol1atlona I o ey
national authority Only Onl thus can we wesecure
r i secure their complete subjection to and andcontrol andcontrol an d
control < by b a single sovereign represent reprcarn t ¬
ing to the whole hoJe people and capable both bothof hot th h li
i i of protecting protecUn the public and of seat seeing ng ST
that the railroads neither Inflict nor en endure e n ¬
dure < Injustice Injusticer IpjU8tlce IpjU8tlcer
r r Should Have ControlPorsotiahy Control ControlPersonally ControlI
I Personally Perso 1aHy I firmly believe that thatthere thatthcre tin at i 1
there should bo national legislation n 1
Caut Charles Do Forest Chandlermade Chandler Chandlermade C mdler mdlerU1t1de
made his hi first flight fU ht unaccompanied < l In Inthe InUt
the Ut big army army balloon balloon b lloon at 1210 this after afternoon after11oon afternoon ¬
noon noon The ascension was made at tho thogas thoglls thegas
gas works at Twelfth and M 1 > 1 streets streetssoutheast streetssoutheast streetssoutheast
southeast The big bag bearing Itsingle its itsJJlnslo itsIJlnslo
ingle s paEaengcr plf pa68engor ncr rose gracefully In the theair th thair theair
air almost perpendicularly and then thengradually
gradually grndual1y1drltted idrtfted drifted off rr to the northeast northeLstan at atan I
an iiUHude of about 2000 feet feetAlthough feetAltnough
Although there was a noticeable breeze breezebn breezebn
bn land landCantain Captain Chandler did not mQk mQkmuch makp makpmuch makQmuch
much headway headw8 after reaching tho thohigher thohigher thehigher
higher altitude and at 130 o oclock elodt he hebeyond hecould heould
could c ould still be seen so en high In the all out outbeyond
beyond the northeast section s ctlon of the city citythe cltjthe citythe
the great yellow cllow bag contrasting dfstlnctl dis distinctly dIstinctly ¬
tinctly tlnctl Y with wlt the blue background backgroundTh backgroundThe backgroundThe
TheY Th The flight lght today makes the eighth that thatthe t thatthe at atthe
the captain has made In the necessary necessaryten Jlocessaryten pocessary
ten to qualify himself as a pilot At Atleant Atlen Atleast
leant len t one flight alone is required and as asconditions 88conditions
conditions seemed favorable today he hedecided hedecided
decided to make the attempt without theesalslance the theassistance theassistance
assistance Of either Pilot J T C McCoy McCoyor
or Leo L o Stevens StevensThe stevensThe StevensThe
The drill of Mr Stevens is bearing bearinggood be3rlnggood
good fruit for the t e last ascenson ascension was wascarried wascarded wascarried
carried out without a hitch by UIQ th Sig Signal SI SIna Signal ¬
nal na Corps men under the command of ofCorporal otCorporal ofCorporal
Corporal Edward Ward Wardto Wardto rard rardJ
to control all allIndustrial industrial corporations corporationsdoing corporntfonsdoIng
doing an Interstate business In Inclnding IncludIng Incinding
clnding the control of the output of oftheir oftheir
their securities but as to these the thenecessity thenecessity
necessity for Federal control is less lessurgent lessurgent lessargent
urgent and immediate than is the thecase thocase thecase
case with the railroads roll roads Many anf of ofthe
the abuses connected with these thesecorporations thesocorporatlons thesecorporations
corporations will probably tend to todisappear todfsaPICnr
disappear now that the Government Governmentthe Gonrnmcntthe
the public pubUcls is gradually gettingthe getting gettingthe gettingtbo
the upper upper hand as regards putting puttinga puttinga
a stop to the rebates and specialprivileges special specialprivileges specialprlvlleges
privileges which some of these cor corporations corporntIons ¬
porations have enjoyed at the hands handsof handsof
of the common carriers carriersBut cnrrfer8But
But ultimately it will be found foundthat foundthat foundthat
that the complete remedy for theseabases these theseabuses theseabuses
abuses lies in direct and affirmative affirmativeaction affirmathencUon affirmatlreaction
action by the National Government GovernmentThat GOTernmentTJI3t
That there is constitutional power for forthe t fo l lthe r
the national regulation of these corpor torporationa corporations corporaUone ¬
ations I have myself my elf no question Qu t1on Two Twoor Twoor Ttv u
or throe ga generations gt norat1ons ago there was jusi jusias JU JUn3 jus jusas
as mu n111 nst h hostility to national control of ofbanks orbanks o f
banks is there is now to national con control control control ¬
trol of railroads raJlrj u1 or of industrial corpor corporations corporations corporationa ¬
ations doing an inttato tat state tate business businessThat bu tneuo tneuoLhat s
That hostility now seems to us ludicrous ludicrousin a
in its lack of warrant warr nt in like like niannor niannorgentlemen nlannerent1emon nennorgentlemen
gentlemen our descendants deSclin = 11tr will regard regardwith reprowith rega regawith rd
with wonder the he present opposition to toglvlny tuglvln t tgiving u
giving glvln the National Government ads adequate adsQUllto ¬
gusto power to control thorn great cor corporatlonK corporations
poratlonK which hleh it alone can fully tuU and andyet andet nc 1
yet et wisely safely and Justly jUsU control controlRemember controlRamember
Remember also that to regulate rell t th the theone theontallor 0
ontallor or these corporatrons corporatone offer otrerllone offerone 0a 0t a
one of the most dlrcJt dtrc t and efiiclettt eftlelecatmetho eficlesimethods t
methods metho s of regulating their activities activitiesPleads act1IUMPleads
Pleads for Enforcement of Power PowerI
I am not pleading for an eaten extension
sion of constitutional power powerI
I am pleading that constitutional constltutfonalPower 1
power which already exists shall shallbe shatbe 1 I
be applied to near ne conditions which whichdid wiiic
did not exist when the Constitution Constitutionwent Constitutionwent I
went ent into being I ask that the na natlonal
tlonal powers already conferred conferredupon confcrrctlupon d
upon tho National Government by bytho b b1fe f
t tho 1fe Constitution shall be so used as a8to a s
to bring national commerce and In Industry Industry
dustry effectively under the author authority authority
ity of the Federal Government and andthereby an
thereby avert Industrial chaos chaosMy rhaosMy chaosMy
My plea is s not to bring about a 8 con condition on ¬
ditlon of centralization c6l1 rallzntlon It Is that the theGovernment theGovernment th e
Government shall recognize a condition conditionof ron ltlon ltlonf n
0 nt
of f centralization in n a Held whore Wh 9 t it Italready t
already exists existsST existsWhen
When the national banking law w was waspaspcd waspa5i1 as
passed pa5i1 d It It b represented in reality roallt not cen centralization centraIlzaUon tentraiization ¬
tralization but recognition r recognlUon ot the fact factthat raotthat fao faothat t
that the country had so far advanced ad advance I1ced I1cedthat d
that the currency was already lread n a matte matter matterof r rof
of national concern and must be dealt dealtIth deal
with Ith the central authority autho = tty at Wash
1 = a
7 7t
1 I
> t 1PLAZ p LA Z x G
v jJ v > Fifth Avenue f nuc at 5 + 59th coth J 9th J JV Street s StreetWORLDS tr et l T Tv il
Open en Tuesday Tuesd y Oct r it itRATE3 s t tRATES
v Eagle l ggte gle Room Rootni 5250 250 per per day With th bath b h 400 400I 600 600Double OO 1 1DouDle
Double Rooms Rooms with Bath 600 to 1000 per pcrcbj day f I
Barlor Bedroom and Bath ath 31200 l 1200 OOto to S2O00 2000 per per day
Pzrlor two Bedrooms and two Baths SI600 1600 1800 1 Ti I
2000 and 2500 per day dayFRED dayFRED I IF
FRED F SERR STERRY Managing Director r rd I
d 4
NEW YORK Oct 21Vlth 2 With full conftilence con conntlence confitlence
ntlence Jn n thelr ability 3bllll to navigate tho thoair thoaIr their
air a ir in n a nmnnner manner manner that will bring thorn thornthe thomtbe thornthe
the coveted trashy troDh three celebrated
German GlrmaJZlcronauts aeronauts two of whom will I
take part I > nrt in the thelnternatlonal International aero oeroI1 sororsutlc
rsutic I1 UUc cup race to start from St Louis Louison LouisIn Loafson
on In October 21 are In this city elt today toda
The two contestants are Oscar Erbslch Erbslclsand Erbslchand Erbslchand
and Han Hans HIedemann With Vlth them ia iatapt Isapt I
tapt apt A D Hildebrandt t representing
the t e aeronautic branch of the Uarman Uarmanpmy Uurmantmy t3ermnnrmy
pmy a tmy who hns come hero to witness Un eBS the thealloon
balloon b flight flightAs nightSa flighttAs
As Sa a cues gu esi St of v Prof A A Lawrence I
Rctche director of tho blue iue Iue Hill ob obHovAtory obsnvatory
ncivatory the party will go o to Boston BostontoJay Bosluntojay Bostonto
toJay to fay Prof Rotche with Alan R Haw Hawley Hawy
ley la y one of OrUle the Amorlcan air pilots as a aa aba
a companion will 8011 ail one of the Amorlcan Am AmerIcan
nrlcan balloons balloonsAnother balloonsAnother
Another German GermnncompeUtor competitor will ar arrive 1r 1rrive ¬
rive on the Kronz Prlnzessln R lnzeasln Cecilia the theweek theeek are ls lseek
week w eek after next He Is Paul MecUaf MecUafwho Me iecltelwho ef efwho
who will 1U pilot one of f the gas bags with withCapt withCa withCa
Capt Ca t Hugh von Aberoorn as companion companionWith companionWith
With With them the German aeronauts aeronautsbrought aeronautsbrought aeronautsbrought
brought their balloons that are to be beucd beused
used In the race Erbalch 1i bstch will pint use tho thoPommern thoI thePommarn
I Pommern with a capacity of 2200 0 cubic cubIcO1etern cubicmeters
meters of gas and HIedemann will sail sailIn saUIn sat satIn
In the Dusscldorf of about the same samecapacIQ samecapaclt3
capacity Von Abercorn however will willbring w111brhis wallbring
bring over a balloon of only 1300 motors motorscapacity moterscapaclb meterscapacity
capacity capacityInjjton capaclbIngton capacityinston
Injjton So it t is a with Interstate Indus IndustrJalIsm Industrialism 1 1trlaliem
trlaliem and especially peolal1 with the matter matterof matterot
of Interstate Inter tato railroad raliroullopraUon operation opi atlon today
Centralization has airead alrendp taken placen place placeIn placeIn
In i n the he world of commerce and industry
All I ask Is that the National Gov Government GovErnment
ernment look this fact In the face ac accept ace accept
cept e pt it as a fact and fit itself lt8ol accord accordInply accordInrJy acoordlnely
Inply for a policy of supervision and andcontrol andcontrol
i control over this centralized commerce commercennd commerC8nnd commerceand
nnd Industry IndustryAFTER In uttr uttrPICK
After vainly struggling 8tru gUng through a long longlist 10nglist longlast
list of names yesterday and today toda Jus Justice Justice Tustlce ¬
tice Stafford Statro d In Criminal Court No No1 No1managt 1 1managed
managed > d to obtain jurors j rors today toda for thegrand the thegrand thegrand
grand jury and petit juries which are tosat to tosit tosIt
sit for the next two t o months montheAs
As is the case every year ea the twocriminal two twocriminal twocrIminal
criminal courts in the District Supreme
Court experience exA eriepce the greatest difficulty
in obtatnn obtaining men for jury Service
all some
Nearly an have some sort ort of excuse excuseor excuseor
or other to offer and the clerks as well wellas wenas wellas
as the presiding pre5I ln justices breathe a sigh sighof sighor sighof
of relief reJl f when wht > n the routine routlnwork work is fin ¬
ished IshedFREES
BOSTON Oct 2 2Lowls IX5wis Harris one oneof oneoC on onof e
of the men brought here from irom New Ne York Yorklast Yorklast Yorklast
last April to t break the teamsters strike strikewas strikewas strikewee
was found net guilty gullt today of murder murderIng murderIng murderfag
Ing Michael J Cunningham a union unionteamster uniont8limster unionteamster
teamster teamsterCunningham t8limsterCunnlneham
Cunningham was shot down in 1ncrowd a
crowd of strikers and their sym symrged as
pathbers surrounding surroundin the buUd1ng buildfn buildfnwhore s
where the strikebre ctrl a bteg kors era were lodged
Harris was alt eftArged C rged with the murder
the allegation being that ho deHboratjly deUborattI
fired at ate ateCunningham Cunningham Cunnln ham from a window of ofIRS o
the bul1dln bul1dlnMRS building
By the terms term of her will aced today
Mrs Margaret F Euckelew leaies eaves he heentire her herentire herenUre r
entire estate to her friend Henry Top To
heal Evans of 318 Nineteenth street streetnorthwest streetnorthwest Streetnorthwest
northwest Evans is
also named as asexecutor asxe a a
executor xe tor The will 11I is s dated May E Si I
The death of Mrs Buckelew occurred
Saturday morning from
asphyxiation in i n
her rooms at 1110 Fifteenth street north ¬
west the circumstances surrounding her he
death doai > j being such as to cause an loves
wgat Jgatlon on by the police
HAVANA Oct 2 2The The secret ecrc polic pollcdiscovered policdiscovered police
discovered 200 pounds cf dynamite at a arailroad Arailroad
railroad station in this city cityThe cityTl1e cityThe
The explosive was labeled hardware hardwareand hardwareand
J and was being shipped to the interior
The police are inclined to believe that
1 It was being forwarded by persons con connected ¬
nected with the recent conspiracy conspiracyCARNEIE conspiracyCARNEGIE conspiracyCARNEGiI
CARNEGIE GIVES 500000 500000FOR 500000FOR
BALTIMORE Oct 2Andrew 2 Andrew nc1rew Came Carn
I negle has placed 500000 without condi ¬
tion to the credit of the trustees of the
Enoch Pratt Freo Library With this
i money the th trustees will proceed at once
to r build branch libraries In n various ado us sec ¬
l tions of tho cityICE city cityICE cityICE
MIDDLBTOWN N Y Oct 2 2Ire Ir IrthlTSLi6 Jfe
formed thlTSLi6 here Wr tOd today r for the first rst time time1m
1m this season ° nU It fOllowed followed > w d a heavy heaY frost frottth rot
f and It th Is estimated estjma e Umat d heavy damage was
done the corn crop of It f this section sectionDistress sectionr sectionDistress sectionifistress
e r
j Distress After Eating EatingDo
Do You Ever Feel As Though You
Had Swallowed A t Brick BrJctInstead BrickInstead BrickInstead
Instead of a 3IeaH 3IeaHThat MeallThat leal I ITi1at
That heavy he vy bloated stuitedup lead
1 hke li ke t
feeling Ung which you OU often experience
after eating a meal lg lorlt porhv e proof CJt
t that U t something Is J with
wrong roniC your our di i ¬
gestive ae tho organs organ a They are becoming
wesifc W6a w eak and fagged out There la 8 a lack g
of gastric and other otherdlgesUve digestive juices The
X01 j foJ is a no longer troperiy digested dlge tud and
It t forms a heavy hOla vy load l ad on your stomach stomauhoo
oo 0 that nearly every meal causes caus you OU
misery m isery and distress
If you are In this condition it m means lIa
that t you uu hayi h ty y dyspepsia in sense me form formthough
and a nd may bl have had tad it for seine time
though you didnt realize It It
Now 1 is the time to check it ItC for if
you dont it will aurelx irel develop Into Intoaarsc
worst orst forma of dyspepsia dyspe ga and other
stcmach troubles which may have seri ¬
ous c ue reaulta reaultaBut r8fV1ltBut reyiItxBut
But that is I not alL The Tht ston stomach slonaa e h is I s
the hub of o > r Ute body bodythe and an antinjury injury tc t It
I a sn Injury t ti an A peakt Weak at mach >
oaus causes the whole body to suffer The rh
action of the heart liver anJ ar 1 kidneys kldne
become sluggish The brain become bt > comtW
inactive I The nerves become unstrung
The blood tones 10 e Its It vitality ltalft
The only safe M e sure scientific method
of restoring oo tnrlnK yo yotJr ir stomach st Jnaclt to Its It healthy
normal stale is to t use uSt Stuarts Dys l > ¬
pepsia Tablets which hleh will act as a sub ¬
stitute In is digesting dlg AtJnE your food thus giv givStuarf g1
in InJ > ra rayour your stomach a much leeded teat t
Stuarf s Dyspepsia Tablets have J1a ve RUKM stood
the tests te for rears erS Thousands have
used u tha apI sit been cured Physicians Ph38Iciau8Lit
all over OVl > 1 the United States recommend r ollmtnd
them UH m Th They y Are tre re not a secret remedy
They contain fruit and vegetable assencaa es essences tIJsenNtl ¬
sences pure concentrated tincture of
hydrastht hydra tlR golden gold seal s lactose and pure purelUIeptic
aseptic p pepsin pein Th These t e combined ingre Inlr ¬
dients will digest dhe t the coarsest kind of ofoed
food oed and do the work jest ju t as well as 811any asany
any good strong healthy stomach will willont
Dont ont take our word for Ir it Ask your yourphysician uur uurphstctan
physician your our druggist or any of your
friends tri nds who may y have used u Stuarts huart a
Dyspepsia Dspep la Tablets But you dont even eo n
have bAV to take tak their the r wont for it it Find Findout Findout Findout
out for yourself ou 1f Send for a fre sample samplepackage MmllepackDb samplepackage
package and try them Thats the sorest S1restw
way w way to learn elrn the truth Then if youare you youare youare
are satisfied you ou can canists go 10 your nearest
druggist and g gat t a ftftycent box All
dllllists drug ists sts s sell ll them themUe themwrite
write Ue us for a L free r 6 sample today Ad j
dress F A Stuart Co 130 I O Stuart Bldg
Marshall Mich MichKINSMAN nct nctKINSMAN
908 F St N W Vt South Side SideSIGHT SideSIGHT
To allow one experimenting experimentingTvlth experimentingwith
with unreliable eye service serviceYou semceYou serviceYou
You get the service and ad advice adtce advice ¬
vice tce of the most skillful eyespecialists eye eyespecialists
specialists not n o t jewelers jewelersclerks jewelersclerks I
clerks here Consult them themInexpensive themInexpensive themInexpensive
Inexpensive Glasses S1 1 1 Aft Aftrimless f1 f1
rimless rlmlessor rimlessKINSMAN 1UU 1UUKINSMAN 00
or I
4 I
Sseaeo soap
i I 2500 2500SUITSjof I I A
I SUITS SUITSjof 3 1 1I I y s
I s I g gI
I f One of Qf the Truly I IRemarkable Ii
I fI Remarkable Suit f Ii A i I
i I t I Offerings of ofthe ofi I Ithe
i 5 the theSeason theSeasonMade Season I IMade II
Made in the Bon 141a Mafthe che of 1 ii
I fi3 tS tSway
r way by expert tailors these thesegarments thesegarments th se =
i ga garments me1ts are characteristic i iof S Sof eof
of the exceptional exceptionalvalue < value always given by thisx thisxhouse this m
i house They Th y follow f llov the newest styles de decreed dei 0 0creed
i creed cree iby by Fashionin Fashion in colors c l rsdesignsand design designs and fit i iand il ili e eand
i and are fully guaranteed as to fabric fabricThey S I Ij o oThey
j Theyare They are the most modish Suits shown shownin I 0 0in
I in Washington W shi gton at an equal price pric Let usshow us S Sshow
= It show s ow you you one while the stock is fresh J Jand I Iand
= and newLVOr1EN3 new a n
314316 Seventh Street 8 Ierxeaaseese I IMttH
erxeaaseese MttH eassesaae3s e88eM9 saeseeeeesseasoso SM Hj Hji
NEW YORK Oct 2 2A A erIc3 lire flredvcing ftredIJn lirearing
dvcing dIJn d the morning mor 1ng rush hour in the theurniture
furniture f store st re ot Ludwig Buamtt te
Co Eighth avenue between bet eaa Thirty
fifth fi fth and Thirtysixth streets In 1 addi ¬
tion to causing t 20000 loa greatly in inctwvenlenccd InC inc7etvenfesieed
ctwvenlenccd C frank tram The death th of one onepIJn
person employed empJo in the store was avert a averted vert
ed 1 J through timely zction cUon of the firemen ftrC lftl
Ttw 1btt flre a broKe br ke ou out < in the cellar of the th
fourstpry fClurt building and burned throdch thre b
U I t the 4tx t Hem H damage was oaiund
by b amok noke and water Only nine em
PjoyeB ploy pbyee were In the building and eight ejghtfire
o of tb these 4t rushed out at the first cry ot
Julius FeUrtMir lel8burh r was caught on thai the
fourth nurth floor oor and taken safely down downI
ladders ddPrs ddPrsr
r 1M
IC KITTANWG KITT ING Pa Oct 2Standlnjc on
tae tne front porch of her home hometn In n For1 For1hr
CIJ ty gear hr here to Jae a last night Sht o < r4
watch xatsbing atehfna h her r husband bu bald playing yjng ten plug phi
i lit U the bowline alley 1koy across 3ie the street
Mw George e H Powell a bride of a fw fewmantas ft fwmouth w
I mouths and but buta e1dateen tees years ok1 ok1raSoe4
drained a vial of o carboUc tic acid and dk diri diria < 1 1a
a half hour later latermarried
The coupie COU Diop4d e f1 < lop IMd d last lastmarried la t Ju July y and lid were wereedtsd wt > re remarried
married edtsd Lately the girl bad been
desponuent de3 desyo Onclent
J Jut t blat to UM be Kemai 5 ga4tleiteea eR who arepreparing aro aropreparincr aropnag
preparing for the Prtattdesttial Pav Pr e5iMttial LIutlal contest
Tabloid speeches speee are ar the ones o that the thepublic theublc thepublic
public ublc out of hearing hesrln will read most mostthoroughly
thoroughly thoroughlyPhlladelphla Philadelphia Inquirer
I Ja JaYour
Your Credit Hare Is As AsSoad Good As Your Cash Elsewhere ElsawhereOutwo ElsewhereTHE ElsawlereTHE
Outwo DUf Outfitters and r Women to ° lien en 421423 j Seventh even Si H HI ii a W Wmporianf WFour ui uiand s sFrnir
Four Important mporianf Reductions ReductionsOn a it itOn n na
On Newest Fall a Apparel ApparelWHh are Wi h a Generous aGenerousowaece Generousfiilowanc GenerousilliowancG
fiilowanc owaece of Credit If YOK YO Desire DesireLadies
25 Is lsthe the Regular RegularSelling RegularSelling RegularSelling
Selling Price of These TheseMENS TheseMENS Thesed TheseTOMORROW
r 1490 1490CO
Alco CO System System Clothes ClothesThe The Thesnappy T e esnappy
ra saappyatur snappy Blur lurjy iy y ready read to wear for formen formen forp
p men of all age agMthe the young youn men menunder menunder meni4
i4 f s under 4 4fUJt 4under under er W aoand and down to 11 11years l ly 14years
k years y s of age agewe we want to show our ournew ournew
lr new Hn line of of ALCO clothes clothesThe clothesThe clothesit
it t The e styles the thing and the thewearing1 thewearing
wearing tt qualities are le guaranteed guaranteedby guaranteedby teed teedby
by the makers and by us so if ifyou Uyou ifyou
you select a suit or 0 irercoat ver oat orboth or
both you can rest assured you QU
have the best ever at the price price
TOPCOATS TOPCOATSSpecial TOPCOATSSpecial 52 I fit fitSpeelal 90
Special lot of Kens Top Coats oats In InfUlhag
leading fUlhag shades shade of Tan Black and
Gray Designed in most approved approvedmanner approvtdLadies approvedmanner
manner = 31280 1250 1u 1uver never ver broughnuch broughnuchSUITS brought such suchwonderful suche
e e wonderful ul values valuesOpen
Ladies Tailored TailoredOrdinarily
SUITS SUITSOrdinarily tr
Ordinarily 20 Now HowSuits
1396 1396Sulls < c I I ISuits
Suits made road m o with unusual care e faultlean faultIlSS fault faultless ¬
less in material and expressing the newest new newest JMWest ¬
est forms orms of treatment and effect Reel Boally ReelI o
ly I i1 not a good GOd style is omitted < i in materialand material materialand JD i8rlal i8rlaland
and designs so vast aat i s the t e bowinc It showhrThe bowincThe owbt owbtThe
The tailoring finish care of detail and andfit aadftt f
fit all show with the general h happearance handsome bandsomeaP
appearance aP > earner Earan throughout how remarkable remarkablethe re remarkableth aarkable aarkabletho
the tho th valu values are areThere areThert areThere
There are suits of blue black or brown brown26iDch brown26IDch brown26inch
26iDch coat suits sult suits3finch 51inch cutaway coat coatsuits 1OBtzUtsrerfed1HtinJ coatsuitsperfectfitting
suits zUtsrerfed1HtinJ perfectflttinp garments Full Fullpleate FuUpleate Fullpleate
pleate graceful gract > ul skirts akll l with either eitherone eitherone eitherone
one or two folds foldsIf foldsI5SkidsS119O
515 If I5SkidsS119O I5SkidsS119OLot S Skirts 780 780Lot 7 90 90Lft
Lot of Ladle SIB 15 Chiffon Panama Panamaand and andVoile andVolll i iai
Voile Skirts I = aohion ai shioned toned in the most ap approved appro a p Pprovd
proved pro < d styles tylps Al A l cut lIt and rj finished fi1lsh < i per perfectly pertLCtl perfctly ¬
fectly tLCtl For tomorrow special 5730 90 90I
Open Till 9 P M Msaturdays MSaturdaYsa Saturdays SaturdaysUnderselling I IU
c cg g U Underselling noerse a II Ing e Prices P rlces e = = I j
Liberal Credit Terms TermsProvide
I Provide your Y our Furniture needs from this this stores big stock stockat jjj
at genuine gen ne moneysaving prices and on terms that make makethe fA ajv ajvthe
the paying easy B
I v
1 1A
i A
i ul ulJ ulHandsome
Handsome Quartered Oak OakSideboard OakO
Sideboard extra large bevel bevelFrnch bevelFrench
O French plate mirror full rollacross roll rollacross
across top carved st standard ndard with withclaw withO
claw support and claw feet
O 8IJ O sw swell 1 top drawer Extra Wren llnendrawr Wrendrawer
drawer Worth WorthS3I
S3I tober 31 Special price Oc October October 19 50
ri riJ
spepai Spei2 purchase of new newcircular newcircular i
circular side reed body
GoCaJts1 GoCats 1907 gear 3 3ip 3grip
grip ip handles worth worth14o
14o to t sell sellspecial
6 9 5
special for P U II 7 7
I nUB FURNITURE TA Southeast Corner M
Ii O
J q 7th and D Str Streets ets I

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