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C --jw N- fc l-fa - re ' pv -T '" V TE WASHINGTON TIMES, SUNDAY,-JASDABT 1, 1911. Closing Arguments of Experts onlans for Retirement of Government Clerks CLERKS TO DISCUSS IIBUT ALL EMPLOYES aim bill PENSION DEBATE HELO CONFISCATORY Nothing Short of Extortion, E E CHEAPEST FOR ALL CALLED IS CLOSED TODAY r Mass Meeting Called for January 9 by Civil Service Council. Straight Pension Means Lower Wage Scale, Says Dr. Jordan. More Pay First Considera tion, So Why DrJdge Is sue? Asks Mr. Buck'. Government and Employe Would Benefit, Says' H. D. Brown. Benefits the Government But Not the Employe, Says Problem of Clerks Covered Thoroughly From All Angles. Declares M.F.O'Donoghue, of Retirement Body. Miss Smith. CON EMPLOYE MOST PAY CONTRIBUTORY PLAN PA SALARY DUES II FOR HIS RETIREMENT DSIR INCRA CAISM I ;i ft .15 v- Jsfe - J Supplementing the movement inau gurated by, The Times for an Increase in salaries for the Government em ployes, the Civil Service Council of the District of Columbia will hold a public Mass meeting on the night of January in the interest of 'the movement. The meeting will be held in the Public Library Hall. Eighth and K streets northwest, and every employe in the Government service and members of Congress are invited to attend. Speeches will be made by several members of Congress, other Government officials, and men who have made a study of the salary situation. The key note of the addresses will be "increase the salaries of the civil service em ployes. Every angle will be discussed and it is expected the movement will re- celve a bie hnnst The Civil Service Council, and, in rac every employe in the civil service, are deeply grateful to The Times for the splendid fight it has started in be half, of the employes," said W. D. Mac Kenzie, president or the council, today, and we urge every clerk to co-operate and do his utmost in this cause. Aim At Unity. "Our aim In holding the mass meet ing for the benefit of the public, as well as the employe, is to stir up greater activity, as The Times should be sup ported with unstinted zeal by thos-e nho are to be benefited. We want to destroy any factionalism and bring about unity of action on the part of the employes to supplement the able cam paign being made by The Times. "Retirement legislation efforts have developed a certain factionalism among the employes, but on the salary increase proposition there should be no disputes nor differences." The Civil Service Council as an or ganization has taken no part In the re tirement movement, although the Indi vidual members have taken sides. But the council Itself has Indorsed neither of the two plans before Congress, the Idea being to keep the body Intact for concerted action on any plan to Increase salaries The council was organized last Slay, and represents every department in tlie District It officers are: Presldent-W. D. JIacKenzle. War De partment First vice president Scott Nesbit, Coast and Geodetic Sure. Spcond vice president Miss m A. Foster, Department of Agriculture. Secretary O. J Veley, Xavv Depart ment. Financial secretary K. S. Moore, De partment of Agriculture Treasurer E. K DePuy, Treasury Department. Executive committee Mrs. J I.. Monroe, Interior Depai tment; L. D. Scisco, Interstate Commerce Commis sion: T. C Sullivan, Postoffice Depart ment. Purposes of Council. The purposes of the Civil Service Council, as outlined on the membership cards, are: "To Increase the efficiency of Govern ment employes. "To protect and advance our mutual interests. "To promote acquaintance, co-operation, and good fellowship. "Trf secure concert of action for re lfasiTficatlon and retirement ' 6" Monthly meetings will be held bv the tcouncll until summer, and it Is likely .-that many special meetings will be held within thp next few months in the in terest of the salarv increase movement. The officers aie thoroughly aroused to the need of united effort, and will direct their endeavors to that end President MacKenzie is desirous of having a large attendance at the mass meeting on January 9. and within the next week will send out thousands of announcements. He is anxious that a large delegation from Congress be on hand to hear the salary question thor oughly discussed from every phase of the subject. Definite announcement of the program and various details of the mass meet ing will be made in The Times early in the week. PAYS FOR A FARM in the SUWANEE A horn 1 every man's NATUnAL, BIRTinuOHT The Declavatloa of Independence, promul gated one hundred and thirty-nve years aso. submitted that all men were born FKEE and ECJUAL. Time hav chanced since that historic period. The congestion of capital Into the fe&ata 'Of the few has forced untold mil lion Inlo a wage slavery with an apparent hopeless outlook for tho future. The fanner the producer Is the One in dependent man in the world today. He jtas a home and a piece of land upon which be arowa everything necessary for the main tenance of hlmtelf and family at the LEAST COST OF PRODUCTION. The man or woman who owns a home and a farm however small Is protected against PANICS, STRIKES and other forms of In dustrial disturbances that make the lire of the city toller a more or less precarious existence The high cost of living today is undoubted ly caused by LACK OF PRODUCTION of the necessaries of life. This country Is growing at such an enormous rate that Its farms can not supply the demand for food stuffs. BE A PRODUCER! Benjamin Franklin, greatest of all Amer icans, said- "If you want a sure living deal In the necessities of life." J. J. HIU, builder of empires, sars: "This country needs mora farms and more farmers more producers of wealth from the son." " INFORMATION BLANK gUVANEE VALLEY FLORIDA LAND ttt STRAUS BLDG., CHICAGO. ILL. W.T Please en& tne, postage prepaid, your free book' on Florida, entitled, "A NEW DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE." Name .1- Address ....." ,-;i....l By MICHAEL F. 0'DONOGHUE, President of the United States Civil Service Retirement Association. Quite the best arguments In favor of a straight pension have been contained in the ai tides urging the contributory plan of retirement, as they have been qualified and modified until in the last analysis it has been plainly evident that the scheme means real hardship on the great army of employes. The very theory of the contributory plan virtually contemplates confiscatory methods of extorting large portions from the low salaries of the employes, an Injustice so brazen In conception that a private corporation would be lia ble to criminal prosecution should it i even attempt such highhanded flnanc- ing. Better Invest Elsewhere. It has been ably pointed out that an employe can use the same money the Government would extort under the Glllett bill and Invest it in numerous more profitable ways to protect himself and family, and that an insurance poli cy would afford protection to the family at death, whereas the contributory plan would afford only the money paid Into the fund. Thousands of clerks would prefer ab solutely nothing to the Giilett bill, while 300,000 aie appealing to Congress to gram a suaignt pension. Efficiency in the service would be promoted to the highest standard If an employe were assured that after he had given his whole working life to the Government he would be protected. Thousands of employes would not re sign every year, as is the case now. Should the Glllett bill be passed, thousands would flee from the oppres sion. It would not necessarily be re sentment. They would be forced to do so, as they could not live on less salary than they are now getting. Important Facts. Summing up the arguments urging a straight pension, I would ask that the employes bear in mind these important facts: More than 500,000 employes favor the plan. It lias been satisfactory in England and Germany for years and years. Twenty-two railroads have found straight pensions the only successful scheme. Scores of private corporations give outright pensions with help fiom their employes. One-third of the municipalities in the United States provide straight pensions for firemen, policemen and school teach ers. A straight pension is just and equita ble while the confiscatory contributory plan is unjust and unequitable. Curtis Bill Choice Among Many Clerks To the Editor of Tho Washington Tiroes: x I have talked with hundreds of Gov ernment clerks and have not found one who wants an assessment "retiring" plan. All feel that the Curtis bill is the most Just, humane, and saving to the Government. It would not create a bureau or appoint clerks at large ex pense to look after assessments and in vest the same. Most clerks, with salaries paid, cannot afford even the comforts of life, and If any are able to stand assessments if they are clerks with ability to do good work for the Government they are quite as able to Invest their earnings to better advantage for themselves than to have the money taken away and some one else paid to see to It for them. Many clerks would write, but feel it Is useless, as the disposition seems to be to get "bricks without straw." They feel bitter because of their money spent in railroad fare and time given to help those who deny them iustlce. A GOVERNMENT CLERK. ENTS VALLEY OF Tlie answer to the cry for more inde pendence of thought, action and endeavor, arising from thq overcrowded cities is, "BACK TO THE BOIL!" The city toller' the worklngman the merchant the profes sional man all whose environment retards them in their development, must look to the soil for their emancipation from the shackles that chain them to the wheel of concen trated capital. There are three essentials to be consid ered In the purchase of land namely: SOIL. CLIMATE and TRANSPORTATION. When the Teutonic and other races came to America, they profited by the experience of their forefathers an experience as old as civilization Itself and chose their home steads In the RIVER VALLEYS. River valleys have been the seats of all great civilizations since history began. Tho valley of the Nile is the most fertile in the world; the Germanic races have fol lowed the valleys of the Rhine, the Dan ube, and the Elbe: the French settled alon the Rhone and the Seine, and In our own country the most SUCCESSFUL PRODUC ERS FROM THE SOIL are found in the valleys of the Mississippi, the Ohio, and the Missouri Rivers. Years ago the pioneers of this country settled in the rich and fertila valleys of the Middle West endured untold hardships living many miles from railroads and under tlie most adverse conditions. Today these magnlllcent valleys' are VERITABLE EM PIRES teeming with prosperity and these pioneer farmers are rich beyond the dreams of their forefathers. FLORIDA GALLS YOU I Now It is tho SOUTH that beckons to the fanner and truck grower. Here is a sec tion teeming with wealth, almost untouched through force of circumstances. Of all the States of the South, Florida Is the one of GREATEST PROMISE. Its climate, its soil. Its transportation facilities offer the greatest field of endeavor for the agrieul- By DR. LLEWELLYN JORDAN Secretary of the United States Civil Service Retirement Association. If the statements contained In my ar ticle based upon my study of civil ser vice retirement plans of various govern ments, and particularly the experience of England, are worthy of serious con sideration, they teach us several things. 1. The employe under any system of governmentally administrated pensions must pay for his own retirement. 2. If he pays for this retirement privi lege through the medium of a straight civil pension he does it at the! cost of a lowered wage scale. 3. The experience of England shows that ""der Its original straight civil pen- slon scheme one person only In seven actually benefits thereby. Unless salaries are raised and so ad justed as to pay the empolye his full market wage at all times. In the event that Congress should pass a bill of the so-called Goulden type, the inevitable re sult would be that such a law would benefit those persons only who were for tunate In reaching the age of retirement. Would Cause Discontent. A straight civil pension system would unquestionably lead to great discontent as soon as the employes fully realized that they were not in theory but in fact actually paying for their own pensions through the medium of a lower wage scale. This discontent was soon manifested on the part of the English civil servants, though it was thought at the time of the passage of the straight civil pension law of 1K9 that the employes would be entirely satisfied with Its provisions. My attention has been directed to an editorial in the Postal Record, the of ficial organ of the National Association of Citv Letter Carriers, which says: "The advocates of the compulsory sav ings plan have confused the minds of not only the civil service employes, but many men In public life, by leaving the inference that England has abandoned the straight pension which had been in operation for fifty vears, and hag adopted a plan of taking from the sal aries of the employes the amount neces sary for purchasing annuities for the re tirement of the emplojes." Facts Can Be Obtained. The actual facts in the cae can be readily obtained bv the editor of the Postal Record If he will study Senate document 290. If he does study this document and the references made to various laws therein he will reach tho came conclusion that Herbert D. Drown has reached, namelv, that the act of September ;0. 19(0. modifying the straight civil pension law of England recognized the contention of the employes that they were paying for their own pensions, and by the amendment to the law of 1&3 it was changed from a straight civil pension system and became In effect a contributory one by making provision for a partial return, at least, of the with held or deferred pay which was consid ered as a part of the pension and was taken Into account in fixing salaries. The editor in his article shows that civil pensions are costing the English government more than Ji5,000,000 annually with a civil sen Ice Just one-half of our own. Y. W. C. A. to Receive. The first reception to bo held by the Young Women's Christian Association in Its vacation lodge, at Cherrydale, Va., will take place tomorrow after noon from - to S o'clock. MIfh Ludema Sayre, extension secretary, and Miss Delia Grover will be in charge, and Miss Marian Cox will preside at the refreshment table. Miss Frances Chickering will speak on "Our Past," Miss Ella Mellon on "Our Present," and Miss Ludema Sayre on "Our Future." A FLORIDA - turist. Here in this favored state with over 300 days of sunshine during the year THREE CROPS are raised from the same soil. Here Is a part of our great country hitherto neglected, that offers the most wonderful opportunities for the man of lim ited means and Inexperience In agricultural methods. Florida is over 1.000 miles nearer the great markets of the East than is Cali fornia, and over 1,000 miles nearer the mar kets of the Middle West. On FIVE and TEN acres of land men are getting rich in Florida. The Suwanee Valley Florida Land Com pany is now nlaclnr on the market its third allotment of four hundred 6-1020 and 40-acre farms in the beautiful valley of the Suwanee River at the wonderful price of 5 per acre $1.00 per acre down and 60 cents an acre per month. Hero Is land es pecially adapted for the growing of all kinds of vegetables and garden truck. These products come on the market when the snow is on the ground In the North and therefore realize the HIGHEST POSSIBLE MARKET PRICES. Here In the Suwanee Valley, twelve miles from the Gulf Coast, is a climate unex celled in the entire State; good water and fertile soil. Through passenger and freight trains arrive and depart every day, giving QUICK and CHEAP TRANSPORTATION to Jacksonville, the market place of Florida and the outlet to the markets of the world. This Company has prepared a limited edition of a very line book entitled "A NEW DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE." which will tell you) all about Florida In general give you information regarding tho products grown in this wonderful State, tell you how thesei products are grown and marketed, and-1 contains a wealth of information that every man or woman should have at hand before deciding where to INVEST IN LAND. Under the plan of the Suwanee Valley By JOSEPH W. BUCK, Editor of the Washington Investigator. Down in his heart every single em ploye in the District would far rather havo his salary increased than be granted some sort of a pension, If it were a choice of either. That is what the employe believes, and justice dictates the same choice, so there should be no hesitancy in action toward that end. It is common sense to believe that in this instance "a bird in the hand is worth two in the bush" and there may not be a couple in the bush. Arguments presented by the respective sides have been filled with logic, and have clearly brought out the necessity or 6ome scneme tor tne retirement of the superannuated employes, but the urgency of a salary Increase all along the line has not been less emphasized In all the articles. Between the lines could be read what was not stated, namely: "If we could only get an increase In salary, any plan of retirement would be satisfactory." Cart Before Horse. Then why dodgo the Issue and be fuddle the minds of the members of Congress with a mass of contradictory arguments that should be of secondary consideration? The cart is being put before the horse, as It were, with tho possibility of menacing and endanger ing the chances of obtaining satisfac tory action on the agitation for raises in salary. What would it profit an employe if he were granted the uncertain chance of getting a pension without cost, but at the same time be left with tho pres ent salary? It would cost him Just as much to live as ever, and he would not have any more money. When he would ask Congress for more he would be told that the pension Is reallv an increase in salary, and that would be about all L'ncle Sam could stand for a few years. Suppose the contributory plan were to be Imposed upon the employe without an increase In salary Where would he be? Minus the deductions from Ills pav envelope, he would be In hard straits--worse than ever. Why. then, take chances of such a condition arising when there is only evil in sight? Increase, the Solution. Raise the salaries, and It will pave the way to retirement legislation, and solve the problem of superannuation. Sentiment of the clerks, as expressed by the letters In The Times, seems to favor an Increase in salary In preference to anything else. Employes have their Ideas on the retirement propositions and have told them, but to my mind each and every une would welcome more money rather tljnn the prospects of ft pension. Not a line has been printed against a proposition to increase the salaries first, and I am glad to note that many of the departmental officers are of the opinion that the salary question should precede all others Just now All of us recognize that the superan nuation problem is a big one, and full of vital interest to the employe and the Government, and not for a moment do I Intend to give the impression that Immediate provision should not be made for their aid. I would rather try to Impress the fact that it should be ap proached in tho right direction increase salaries first. Arion Society to Observe. In accordance with custom, a New Year celebration will be hefd tonight at the cluhrooms of the Arion Singing So ciety, at 1006 E street northwest. Re freshments will be served. Open house will be held at the Columbia Tucnvereln from 3 until 6 o'clock. DAY THIS FKEE BOOK Tsn e YOU HOW J Florida Land Company you can buy a farm in this favored section at the rate of SV4 cents a day. Think of ltl For just a few cents dally you can become tho owner of a farm that will produce, when properly cultivated, thousands of dollars per year revenue. Not only this; you can live In peee and happiness in the FINEST CLI MATE IN THE WORLD, with plenty of fishing and hunting thrown In. Hundreds of earnest men and women have already purchased farms in the Suwanee Valley. A number of them are right down there on their land now preparing to culti vate their farms. Scores of others contem plate going In the near future. Tbo time for YOU to get In on the great Florida movement Is NOW. We want to send you this beautiful book. "A NEW DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE." today. This if one of the handsomest books ever printed on Florida. It is magnificently Illustrated with nearly a half hundred half tone Illustrations from actual photographs taken on the land. All you have to do to get this magnificent book Is to fill out the information blank below and mall it to US TODAY, and you will receive this book and all Information regarding Florida and the Suwanee Valley. It costs you nothing IT IS ABSOLUTELY FREE. You don't need to write a letter. Just fill out the informa tion blank and mall it at once. SUWANEE VALLEY FLORIDA LAND CO. 434 Straus BIdg., Chicago 0W Jnl I A I nlnlBntf V nH m&M Irl By HERBERT D. BROWN, Author of the Giilett BiU. It would be impossible to refute in such short spaco the sweeping state ments of straight pension advocates, but suffice it to say they are not founded on history or fact, and all reference to England's pension plan has displayed an ignorance of facts or an intention to misrepresent. The straight pension plan cost Eng land J16.000.000 annually and the civil service list Is only half as large as that of the United States. It can be calculated then that tho plan would cost Uncle Sam more than 130,000,000 and would increase with tho growth of the civil service system. A contributory plan of retirement would practically cost the Govern ment about 11,000,000 for fifty years and then absolutely nothJnir nirt from the expense of administering tlie retirement fund. Difference In Cost. It Is evident, then, that in fifty years the contributory plan would cost $50,000,000, whereas a straight pension would cost during the" same period 11,600,000,000. A billion and a half dol lars Is a large sum when compared to J50,000.000. Superannuation 1 now costing the Government $1,200,000 a year, and the urgency of some kind of retirement legislation is emphasized. The contribu tory plan would eliminate this loss, whereas a straight pension would in crease it thirty fold. It also must be remembered that the contributory plan protects the employe and his family under all conditions, and it is not necessary that he should livt to the age of retirement to get the bene fit of his savings. No matter how he becomes separated from the service death, dismissal, or resignation the em ploye gets back all he has paid into the retirement fund and Interest in addition. Only One Chance. Under a straight pension system, which would mean that much of his salary would be held back, the only chance an employe has of benefiting by the plan is to live until the age of retirement. Only ' a small per cent of the employes lives to reach the age of seventy years. Straight pension means that an em ploye will not be paid the salary he is stVi o a 4 Vi a nantlnn o I urn ' 1a riuiAn. nlzed as part salary. This was true In J Lngland and caused the great discon tent among tlie employes. The contributory plan embodies all the best principles, and Is lacking 6f the evils of the retirement systems of other countries. It is nearer, just and equitable than any other scheme, and will do the greatest good for the great est number. Worshipful Masters Dine. The arrival of the New Year was celebrated by the "Worshipful Masters' Association of the District of Columbia, a Masonic organization, by a banquet at the New Ebbitt House last night. About 150 members of the association were in attendance. I OVERLAND PRICES GUARANTEED The 1911 catalogue prices of Overland automobiles were determined on Sep tember 1, 1910, based solely and wholly upon their actual intrinsic value, and these prices are guaranteed to remain unchanged until July 31, 1911, by which time all of this season's models will have been delivered. We have no branch houses, no cars stored in warehouses, every Overland de livered being shipped within three days after its completion in the largest inde pendent automobile factory in the world. Overland spells not only satisfaction to dealer and owner, but a safe investment for both. aa.... I THE WILLYS-OVERLAND COMPANY TOLEDO, OHIO , - By MISS ETHEL M. SMITH, Bureau of Fisheries. If the fact has failed of recognition be fore, the recent arguments in favor of the Glllett bill have clearly revealed that this measure was conceived and executed from & standpoint wholly dif ferent from the interests of the 'people most affected by It that is, tlie em ployes. It is the work of minds that had no need to consider its application to them selves, its whole object is to solve a problem for the Government without expense to the Government. The em ploye and his unquestionable claims to Justice and personal liberty are things, quite secondary and merely to be over ridden if they prove to be obstacles. If further proof of this be necessary, it should be borne In mind, as already pointed out, that the authors and sup porters of the Giilett bill, while ad mitting the necessity for Increase of salaries if hardship to the employes is to .be avoided, have, nevertheless, so far urged tlie passage of their measure to precede the passage of any measure for Increase of salaries. There Is. of course, the Giilett re classification bill, which is on the pro-. gram with the retirement bill. But tnis reclassification bill is another delusion. It is secondary to the retirement Mil In any case; but the two bills would re sult only In some promotions and in crease only In some salaries the higher ones. The great number of J900 and $1,000 clerks would not be reached In the benefits, and their salaries would be diminished instead, because of the de ductions under the retirement bill. But they tell us to urge the Glllett bill, lest Congress give us nothing. That argument misses the point. Perhaps we would xather have nothing than a thing as bad as this. Why should we want a law so utterly ruthless to our private and personal needs, so humiliating to our self-respect and independence? Paternalism is too mild a word for the sort of thing this bill proposes. It is czarism and oppression. Poodle Duck Club Welcomes New Year Well into the hours of early morning lml.iv continued the annual New Year dinner of the Poodle Duck Club, whose sole object Is the assembling once a year of about thirty "drakes" among Washington s business ana professional men to welcome in the New Year. Chief Drake Charles E- Berry was host, giving the dinner at Eckstein's, and Drake W. C. Dong was toastmas ter. Among those who spoke or con tributed to the entertainment were Drakes George O'Connor. E. J. Walsh. Carter Keene, T. C. Noyes, Louis Dent, and H. L. West. J. O. Harvey was elected chief drake for the next session. Eagles Make Merry. More than 500 persons attended the annual ball of the Fraternal Order of Eagles, at Sixth and E streets north west. Mast evening. A banquet fol lowed the ball. (Continued from First Page.) see some Jaw passed that would rfv i i relief in old age. Our work here In the naval gun fac- i tory requires the highest skill and ac- curacy attainable. It takes years of training and study, and some special talent Is required to be able to do the accurate and Important work connect ed with tho manufacture of the navy's great guns. We are subjected t a rigid discipline In connection with this work, tne roos; .agonizing feature of which Is th thought, always uppermost In ou minds, that if we make th suzhtei mistake In the operation of a machin it eltner spoils an expensive piece work or puts a mark In the work th; is not on tne drawing. When such things occur we are ell discharged or have our pay reduced. the man making the mistake Is d liked by the officials, he gets theworsj tney can give mm; but if the official like the man It is different, the matt Is smoothed over and they try to tor, get it. EMPLOYE. Don't Wear a Truss snurri pus ti r ads MiiHiiuniinii.Mui W ! UIIITMWI 1 rasura la piaaa arttkaat itml kaaklaa ar apcUt. bll w aaaaaa aosia r eanaraa 4B.M. taw VaTMF MM. 1 Mitauuon(mt4litlii Taeraf Uta bane, nnudi Bnal moy torn I BlMrmaa tram vorfc. Wlat lalial mii sjv Beg I mnil taarsaaatra. FraoaMafeorata attu TaJS""" J fanbat mtoliian.irii.in wtat lllll nz ml aaaa ar braea4Ic Ta Trial afni I fUfU. VT ruirm abaalMalr FUZ. Writ una eaopan u4 nan TODiT. X&d Plapao Laboratories, BIockl06,St.Louis, W Sua , 14dm... fcrtsr-, moll wilt ISrlnr Trt trtftl Flapta. (Tspks Stock if SAKS FUR CO. Wi! ke mM at PUB- uc Mrcnon, Wgk- Bg TUESDAY, JAMJ AR! 1 for , tf C G, Sloan & Co. AUCTIONEERS 1407 G St N. W. I a ' - 4, 4 - - A- . fcv ?