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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, July 08, 1911, LAST EDITION, Image 6

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THE WASHINGTON TIMES, SATURDAY, JULY 8, 1911.
Publlahed Every Event air In the Year t
the: munsey building,
Peno. ve.. between 13th and Kth ata.
Telephone Main 6260.
w York Office 175 Fifth Ae.
Chicago Office. ...mo Commercial Bank Bide.
Botton Office Journal Bulldlne
Philadelphia Office 611 Cheatnut St.
Kal(lmore Office News Building
FRANK A. MUN6EY.
froprietor
F. A. WALKER.
Managing Editor
SATURDAY. JULY 8. 9U.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES BY MAIL.
1 BO. i
I moi.
6 mm. 1 yr,
11.75 P.
l.K) 3.00
.25 .50
Tally and Eunday.10.30
Dally only ZS
Sunday only
10.60
.75
JU.E CIRCULATION.
Dally.
The number of complete and perfect copies
of The Washington Tlraei printed dally dur
ing the month of June was a follow:
I...
Z...
I...
..
I. .
6..
7...
...
...
10.. .
. m.:m
11 Sunday
61.153
63.0-JO
. t.:,i6G
12 50,748
3,235
. Sunday
13 60,593
11 51.103
15 61.473
16 61.634
S 63.141
24 61.157
25 Sunday
2 50.637
. 61.21S
. 0.509
. 5J.30S
. 50,70
. S1.C32
53.117
17 63.333
18 Sunday
27 50.76S
M 62.079
19 60.519
60.549 129 oi.tm
61.316 1 30 62. W
29 61.496
20.
Total for month W
Bally average for month 51.67
The net total circulation of The Wash
ington Tlmea (dally) during the month of
June waa 1.1K.769. all copies left over and
returned being eliminated. This number.
Mhen dhidf-d by 26, the number of daya of
publication, shows the net dally averago for
June to have been 44JB37.
Sunday.
The number of complete and perfect copies
of The Washington Times printed Sundays
during the month of June waa as followa:
June 4 4S.002lJune 18 47,171
June 11 47.0C5June 25 48.317
Total for month 188,545
Sunday average for month 47.158
The net total circulation of The Washington
Times (Sunday) during the the month of June
as 1S6,P1S, all copies left over and returned
by agents being eliminated. This number,
hen divided by 4. the number of Sunday
during June, shows the net Sunday average
for June to have been 41.705.
Entered at the Postofflce at Washington,
V C . ns second-class matter.
A few more storms like that and we
shall have to celebrate Arbor Day In
between times.
The moonlight excursions have re
cently been enlivened by the extra at
traction of a moon.
They are putting a lot of things on
Ice at the White House. Testerday the
Cabinet got a taste of the Joys of the
official refrigerating plant.
And now General Wood and a large
party of friends are going to Panama.
It looks as though the Isthmus were
becoming a summer resort.
Morgan Shuster. of Washington and
Teheran, Is showing his financial acu
men still further by securing his as
sistants from this country.
Lightning struck a shoe factory over
In Alexandria. The principal damage
consisted In Inspiring the local wits to
remark that not a sole was Injured.
If that donkey and elephant are to
race from New York to Washington,
whj not have Champ Clark's Missouri
mules meet them at the District line?
Washington again has cause to bo
proud of her women. Six of them have
successfully passed the District bar ex
amination, and only six took the exam.
'
Dr. Wiley has shown courage many
times, but his valor becomes positively
heroic In Its proportions when he be
gins organizing a crusade against Lady
Nicotine.
A genial party of Elks are also to
take a flying trip to Atlantic City, but
it is dollars to doughnuts that none of
them v.f, follow the Atwood example
of gettlrig ' almost drowned in the
water."
Secretary Fisher Is quoted as saying
he will make a trip of investigation to
Alaska this summer. If cuirent reports
approach the truth, his investigation
might better begin In the recotds of the
olficeof his department.
The business and professional men
of the city have an unusual opportunity
of seeing the very latest ideas in labor,
time, worry, and expense saving de
vices for the office at Uncle Sam's big
exhibition In the Union building.
If Senator Newlands Is elected next
PreslSent, at least he will have an ad
vantage over other Presidents, in that
it won't be necessary for him to look
for a summer capital. The Senator has
one 9 the finest country residences in
the District.
The latest organization to Join In the
all-summer activity policy adopted oy
the commercial, residential, and con
ventions committees of the Chamber of
Commerce, is the Retail Merchants' As
sociation. At yesterday's meeting of
the board of governors a decision waa
reached to start work at once on the
formation of a credit and collection bu
reau. The "stay busy" idea is taking
firm root.
The work of Lieutenants Arnold
and Milling, the army aviators, de
serve special praise. The officers
handle their machine with both skill
and care and yesterday broke two
records. Lieutenant Arnold made the
army altitude record by going up
3,260 feet, and Lieutenant Milling,
with Lieutenant Klrtland as a pas
senger, made a thirtyrmlle flight into
Washington. This Is the longest flight
ever made here.
Commissioner Rudolph could not
have selected a better place than Ger
many for the study of municipal gov
ernment. Many of the problems with
which we are Just beginning to grap
ple, the Germans have long since
threshed out and solved. The nation.
In fact, leads the world In progress
In municipal government. While en
Joying his vacation In the Fatherland,
Mr. Rudolph should pick up some
-valuable Ideas for application in the
District of Columbia-
WHEN A MAN IS HIS OWN
RIVAL.
Just take that Ty Cobb, for instance.
One would think he would be afraid of
his own past achievements every time
he waked up to a new morning. Hav
ing sustained himself on the foughten
field throughout another grilling day,
he might easily lie awake half the
night wondering if there wasn't an
clement of luck in his success, even as
it is written by a number of people
who discount skill and determination.
And yet day after day, and month
after month, even year after year, the
wizard of the willow wand continues
to ndd new leaves to his laurels, and
his supremacy shows neither variable
ness nor the shadow of turning.
It was said of Richard Brinsley
Sheridan that he feared no rival except
the author of "The Rivals," and the
feeling must have haunted him, though
he managed to maintain much of his
prestige until be died. And Lord Bacon,
turning from the incubation of one of
Shakespeare's plays,, jauntily and sig
nificantly remarked that "no man sees
worse days than he who, yet living,
doth follow at the funeral of his own
reputation." The jauntiness faded con
siderably when, as lord chancellor, he
was caught with the swag, and he be
came a pallbearer at the obsequies of
his own good name.
Taking a flying leap to our own land
and time, there was something pa
thetic to Princetoniaris of half a gen
eration ago when they saw the aged
Dr. McCosh strong and virile thinker
that he had been unable to compre
hend his own philosophy. Whether the
good ones can come back or not may
be left to the debates of the sporting
circles in their lighter hours. The im
portant thing is that the last note of
sorrow is sounded when the man of
achievement finds that he can achieve
no sore, for the mob shout ''Hosanna!"
today and "Crucify I tomorrow.
And yet there is Ty, serenely making
good season after season. On his home
grounds last Wednesday he sent out
a triple when he first came to the bat,
and then scored on Delehanty's sacri
fice. In the third he drove home the
one run that was scored, and in the
fifth his triple brought in the two runs
made by the Tigers. It's enough to
make any man afraid of himself. Of
course, it's only baseball, but, taking
it for what it is, there is something
almost uncanny about Tyrus.
LOAN SHARK EXPERT
CUSSES LOAN BILL.
DIS-
The Washington Times is today pre
senting a letter on the "loan shark"
bill which ought to carry weight with
every member of Congress and with
every citizen of the District interested
in the enactment of legislation to re
strict the outrageous interest rates
charged by local loan agencies. The
letter is from Arthur H. Ham, the agent
of the Russell Sage Foundation, who
has spent several years investigating
the "loan shark evil," establishing
philanthropic loan agencies, and ad
vancing the regulation of the small
loan business by obtaining legislation
in various States.
Mr. Ham's letter was written for
publication at the request of The
Times, which hopes that a word on
this subject from such an authoritative
source will aid materially in the pass
age of a loan shark bill at this session.
Mr. Ham was asked to express himself
especially on the question of interest
rates, giving Congress and the people
of Washington the benefit of his ob
servation and experience. He em
phatically declares for a rate of 2 per
cent a month, and protests vigorously
against anything less. The following
extract from his letter, dealing with
the Washington bill, is particularly sig
nificant, and should be given careful
consideration by members of Congress
and others who have felt that a rate
of 2 per cent a month is too high:
The support that has been uniformly
accorded the loan bill of the District of
Columbia by the press of Washington
and by the large numbers of civil and
social agencies and individuals who
have openly supported the bill ought to
convince doubting Congressmen that the
bill's adherents are not directly con
cerned In the passage of the law en
abling money-lenders to make a profit,
except that they realize that in no other
way can borrowers be protected.
If the law does not allow a money
lender to do business honestly and at a
reasonable profit. It Is practically cer
tain that In response to the great need
for small loans, money-lenders will
exact illegal Interest, and In proportion
as the laws of the locality in wliich
they operate are drastic and unfair, the
rates of interest charged and the busi
ness methods adopted will be corre
spondingly exorbitant and unjust. In
the opinion of most students of this sub
ject It will be a grave misfortune If the
District bill in Its original form, allow
ing 2 per cent per month Interest, is
not passed by Congress.
Mr. Ham speaks out of the fullness
of experience. He has probably had
more to do with solving the "loan
shark problem" than any other person
in the country. If Congress should
spend a year and it has already spent
two investigating loan agencies and
striving to construct a model loan bill,
it couldi not improve on Mr. Ham's sug
gestions. The crux of the problem is
that agencies where small loans may be
negotiated are a necessity. They
should not and cannot be abolished.
They should be regulated, to the end
that they may live and that the unfor
tunate person who has to patronize
them may do so without being robbed.
GAS PRICES IN CHICAGO AND
IN WASHINGTON.
Edward W. Bemis is very rapidly
earning for himself the title of "Gas
Expert for the People." The man who
furnished such valuable service in
Washington a few years ago, when he
was brought here by The Washington
Times as an expert witness in the local
gas investigation, has just completed
an investigation for the Chicago city
council, and has filed his report, which
is to' be made the foundation of an
ordinance fixing gas rates in that city.
Mr. Bemis finds that the gas com
pany in Chicago can make a fair profit
on a rate of 75 cents for the next year,
70 cents for the succeeding three years,
and 65 cents thereafter. In Chicago,
as in Washington, he found the com
pany claiming the right to earnings on
a value represented by the fact that
the company is a "going concern." In
Chicago that' value is estimated at
$1,300,000. In Washington, it is esti
mated at $3,000,000, AND THE COM'
PANY IS PAYING DIVIDENDS ON
IT!
Curiously enough, opposition to the
acceptance of Mr. Bemis' recommenda
tions for Chicago comes from council
men who are pledged to enact an ordi
nance making the rate 70 cents. They
say they are afraid to vote' for a mens
ure making the rate 75 cents, even if it
provides-' for a reduction to 65 cents
within four years. Imagine, if you
can, serious opposition to a gas bill in
Congress on the ground that the rate
is too 'high!
Mr. Bemis' Chicago report is of pe
culiar interest in the District of Co
lumbia. Out there the issue is whether
the rate shall be 75 or 70 cents. Here
we are paying 85, and we imagine the
company has made a wonderful conces
sion in stubbornly yielding to the de
mand for reduction by cutting the
price 15 cents in a period of three
years.
How much longer is Congress going
to permit our tight little monopoly to
get away with this bluff! Isn't it
about time to make prices here some
thing like decently proportional to the
real, bona fide investment in the prop
erty "used in the conduct of the com
pany's business for the public?"
Rates fixed on such a basis would
make the present price of 85 cents
look like highway robbery.
VICTORY FOR THE LIBERALS
OVER THE LORDS.
It seems certain now that the British
house of peers will accept the lords'
veto bill of the government, without
making the effort to force another elec
tion on the issue. The tory attitude
during the earlier part of the session
was that another general election ought
to be held on the issue. However un
reasonable this demand, in view of the
fact that the last election fairly turned
on this very proposition, the tories
would doubtless have insisted on re
jecting the veto bill if they had not
become convinced that another election
would merely increase the liberal
strength.
The armistice between parties,
agreed upon in anticipation of corona
tion, is ended. The manifestation of
national enthusiasm incident to the
coronation season misled somewhat the
tory leaders, who became afflicted with
the idea that there was in progress a
revulsion of feeling in favor of the old
aristocratic order. They got the no
tion that if they should force a general
election soon after the coronation,
when the glories of the imperial and
aristocratic system were yet impressive
in the popular mind, they might
benefit. ,
To the contrary, in the brief period
since the coronation all the evidences
of popular sentiment have convinced
the conservatives that the country
stands as firmly as ever for the re
striction of the lords' power. ElTort.4
to complicate the home rule issue with
that of the lords' veto, have failed;
they failed in the last campaign, and
arc producing no effect now. The lords
are yielding, with such grace as they
can summon. They had hoped that
King George might do something to
save them, by refusing to create peers
at the demand of the government in
order to make up a Jiberal majority
in favor of the veto measure.
George, though far more the aristi
crat than Edward, nevertheless has de
clined to commit himself to such a
revolutionary doctrine. Had he re
fused to create peers, the commons
might have retaliated by cutting off
his civil list; stopping the salary and
allowances of the King, in short, which
would have been highly calamitous.
His majesty decided not to risk it, and
the veto measure will be accepted by
the lords, with the intention, appar
ently, of repealing it whenever the
conservatives come back to power. If
they make much -noise about that plan
of repeal, it will decidedly postpone the
return of unionists to control. Britain
will not permit a backward step, once
the peers have been shorn of their
power of. paralysis.
Head of House District
Committee Is 111
While the Investigation of District af
fairs and the approval of proposed leg
islation Is halted, Chairman Johnson,
of the House District Committee, Is
confined to his room by a slight Indis
position. Mr. Johnson has not been at
his office for several days.
Mainly because of the absence of a
quorum, the District Committee has
been rather inactive since the beginning
of the extra session, and Its meetings
have been few and far between. Those
Interested hope Chairman Johnson's
illness may prove of short duration, in
order that the District body may get
down to work.
In the meanwhile,
Prof. Mares.
the
special accountant brought from Snrinir
Held, Ky., to aid In the Investigation
of the taxation system of the District,
is compiling data for the use of the
committee when It resumes operations.
Flynn Leaves Estate of
Seventy-five Thousand
The will of Prof. & W. Flynn, making
his wife the so!e beneficiary and exe
cutrix, has been filed for probate. The
estate Is valued at $73,000, comprising
mostly real estate and bonds. Under
the provisions of the will, no bond or In
ventory Is -.'quired of Mrs. Flynn. At
torney Wilton J. Jambert is named
executor.
French Warship Afire.
TOULON, France, July 8 The big
French battleship Brennus caught fire
while In dock today and before the
flames could be extinguished the bow
and forward part 'of the vessel were
badly damaged. The magazine was,
flooded to prevent an explosion. )
Sightless Washingtonians Feel, Thai They Are Exiles
c
Since Losing Reading Room At Congressional Library
i
It's Like Being Thrust
From Home, They
Say.
COMPLAINT MADE
OF NW QUARTERS
Advantages at Carnegie Institution-
Not the Same, It
Is Averred.
"It Is like being thrust out from
home," fthe blind people of the District
say, about their library being removed
from the Congressional Library to the
Carnegie Library. "We had our booths
and music and our friends there for
fourteen years. Then we were part, a
small part, but a component, of a great
people, enJ6ylng a national Institution.
Now we feel that we are exiled, cut off
from other Americans. We are Just
blind persons."
That was only a portion of the rea
sons the blind people of the District
named for their opposition to the re
moval of their books and music from
the Congressional Library to the Car
negie Library. They had reasons that
were more disinterested. They told
their reasons to The Times through
representatives today.
They narrated, first of all, that a
reading room for the blind was opened
and successfully established In the Con
gressional Library In 1S97. Miss Etta
Josselyn Glffln Inaugurated the work,
with which she has ever since been
identified. She was placed In charge of
the room, and was made an assistant
librarian, according to the general policy
of John Russell Young, then librarian
of Congress, who made the chiefs of
the bureaus of the library assistant
librarians.
First Large Library
Of Kind in the Country.
A library for the blind was main
tained by a New York church, but the
one In the Congressional Library
was the first large library of the kind
In the United States. Mr. Young
took an instant and unceasing Inter
est in it. Miss Glffln had had no spe
cial training for instruction of the
blind; but since her childhood the
sightless had held her sympathy, and
her work In kindergarten helped Jier
to win the success that has marked
her administration of the reading
room and her management of the con
comitant activities that have made
it so valuable.
Mr. Young and Miss Glffln at once
recognized the advantage of having
the reading room for the blind In tho
Library of Congress. It not only stim
ulated the blind themselves with a
pleasurable sense of patriotism and
of sharlngg the national life, but It of
forded to visitors from all parts of the
country an example of what could be
done for those who forever were In
utter darkness, yet might have joy
from the lamps of truth and beauty
kindled within by the mystic charms
of men and women who set down in
books the wonders of the world of the
sun and the moon and the stars. The
foresight was a true one. More than
eighty libraries for the blind have
been founded In the United States
since that time.
The presence of the reading room In
the Llbray of Congress wns an lnsplra-
Georgetown Professor
Is Pneumonia Victim
John P. Vlteck, a Jesuit professor,
d'ed at Georgetown University Hos
pital early this morning. He was horn
in Baltimore. February 25, 1S8L
He became a Jesuit at Frederick, Md.,
on his graduation from Loyola College,
Baltimore. August. 1SV9. After finish
ing the higher studies In Woodstock
College, he returned to Loyola as pro
fessor of physics, lie w.xs afterward
professor of physics at Canlslus Col
lege, In Buffalo, where he lectured for
two years, being then transferred to
St. Francis Xavler College, New York.
Falling health forced him to relin-
oulsh his chair at this' Institution
After leaving New York he rested for
some months at St. Thomas' Manor,
Md.. and then came to Georgetown.
An attack of pneumonia still further
weakened him, and for the past month
h had been steadily sinking.
Funeral services will take place In
Dahlgren (Memorial Chapel of George
town University on Monday morning
at 9 o'clock, and he will be buried in
the college cemetery.
Fined Ten Dollars for .
Selling Watered Milk
A fine of $10 for selling watered milk
was imposed on George H. Bayliss In
Police Court today. Pure Food In
spector Maurice H. Lanman was the
complaining witness. The fine was Im
posed for the sale of a pint of alleged
watered milk to Grace Thomas this
morning.
What's on the Program in
Washington Today.
(The Times will be pleased to an
nounce meetings and entertainments In
this column.)
Concert by the United States Marine
Band. White House grounds, 5:50 p. m.
Meeting of Canton Washington, No. 1,
I O O. F.. business, tonight.
Meeting of Champion Council, No. 15.
Jr. O. U. A. M., 623 Louisiana avenue
northwest, tonight.
Amusements.
Columbia Columbia Players m "What
Happened to Jones," 2:15 and 8:15 p. m.
CosmosContlnuous vaudeville. 1 to 11
Chevy Chase Lake Dancing and mu
sic dt section of Marine Band.
Glen Echo Park Dancing and music
by section of Soldjers' Home Band.
Luna Park Midway attractions.
Arcade Motion pictures, bowling, and
pool.
Elver View Dancing and other amuse
ments; boat leaves Seventh street
wharf 10 a. m., 2 and 7 p. m.
Colonial Beach Boardwalk, bathing,
and other amusements; steamers leave
Seventh street wharf daily except
Monday, 9 a. m.; Saturday, 2:30 p. m.
Marshall Hall Steamer Chailes Macal
ester leaves Seventh street wharf II
a, m.; 2:30 and 6:45 .p. m. dally. Stops
made at Mt. Vernon.
Steamer St. Johns leaves Seventh street I
wharf for forty-mile trip on the Po- j
tomac, 7 p. m.
, 1
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MISS ETTA JOSEEYW GIFFIN,
Who Was Instrumental in Founding the Reading Room for the Blind at the
Congressional Library, and Who Has Carefully Watched
Over Their Interests.
tlon also to the blind In other parts of
the United States. They learned that
the efforts for their happiness were na
tional and of the Federal Government.
They began to hope that a mighty
people was trying to place before them
a handful, a mere SO.000 what 80,000,000
already had. The deaf do noi always
love one another, but there Is a close
bond of sympathy between the blind.
Throughout the country there ran a lit
tle wave of Jubilant hope among them.
Mr. Young planned, too, that he would
be able to bring together at the Library
of Congress a splendid set of books In
the brail type for reading by the blind,
and also of books in any way affecting
blindness or defectiveness of eyesight.
It was to be sclentlflc for the friends of
the blind, as well as literary for the
blind. He worked far along those lines,
and In the meantime Miss Giffin, with
readings and muBicales for the blind
who came there, had made the place
more than a club, and almost a home
for them. It was the home of their
thoughts. Thomas Nelson Page was
their first reader.
So they got used to coming to the
big library with Its many wonders, and
to the bright airy rooms where their
f w In the Mail Bag & 1
Readers of The Times are Invited to use this department as their
own to write freely and frankly with the assurance that no letter
not objectionable In language will be denied publication. Letter must
not. however, exceed 200 nurds In length, and must be written only
on one side of the paper. Letters must in every case bear the name
and address of the writer as evidence of good faith, but the name
will not be made public without the consent of the contributor. Ad
dress MAIL BAG EDITOR OF THE TIMES".
SOME DIFFICULTIES
THE ICEMAN ENCOUNTERS
To the Editor of THE TIMES:
In recognition of the faithful service
shown to the Washington public by
your paper, I would like to say some
thing to the public about short weight
ice if you will kindly allow me space.
In the first place the man In charge of
an ice wagon has his Ice weighed by
scales at different factories and at times
he has found his Ice to be short any
where from 50 to 150 pounds. Then If
he says anything about it the answer
he gets Is "my scales are correct." I
am not upholding a man for giving
short weight, but I am trying to show
you what we are up against In this re
spect. There are a number of people
vho expect the driver to cut the exact
number of pounds of Ice that they order
which is a matter of Impossibility. If
they want twenty-five pounds, and you
should cut twenty-three pounds and
give them, a small piece with it they
would request you to take It back and
give It to them in one piece. The people
of this city have the best Ice servlce"-of
any large city in the East. Take Balti
more, Philadelphia, and some of the
other cities and you will find that the
iceman does not bring the ice in, but
leaves It at your door or gate. Neither
do they deliver it on Sunday. We are
only allowed to give ten pounds of Ice
for 5 cents. Some expect twelve and a
half pounds and will not take less, and
still the companies tell you to get their
patronage, which we have to do at a
loss to ourselves. The company only
allows 10 per cent meltage or drainage
to the driver, no matter how hot it Is.
If the law governing the sealing of all
scales used by Ice dealers was made so
as to include scales used by the con
sumer then everyone would get along
D"ier. is. ju,
HOW THE DECLARATION
WAS SAVED FROM BRITISH
To the Editor of THE TIMES:
In one of your recent numbers appeared-a
statement that the State De
partment had Just discovered that the
Declaration of Independence was saved
by an officer oremploye of the Depart
ment at the time the city fell into Brit
ish hands after the battle of Bladen
burg.
As a mere matter of curiosity, let me
Invite your attention to a passage
Losslng's Field Book of the War of
1812. It is true, Bpsslng is not a hls
tortun. and freouentlv degenerates Into
a mere patriotic romancer, but on the
other band, he often backs his state
EffiSa &&BT$
books were, and their music, and their
friends. It Is a strange thing to many
that, though the blind cannot see, they
love light, they sense it. A blind person.
Instinctively, perhaps, looks upward.
They sense beauties around them, too.
The, number that has been vts'ting the
reading room at the Library on the Hill
is approximately 225. They love Its
beauties as if they saw them.
The Library on the Hill offered this
advantage, too: that books could be
sent to the blind from that place by
messenger. At the Carnegie Library
they have to be called for by the blind
or their friends.
Books Removed
On Putnam's Request
Herbert Putnam, Librarian of Con
gress, had the books and music of the
blind removed to the Carnegie Library
last autumn. Mr. Putnam Is now out
the city, but his report to Congress
stated:
"The services of the reading room for
the blind consist of the following:
"1. The supply of books and period
icals In raised characters, both for ref
erence use and for home use within the
District.
"2. The supply of Information regard
ments with details of accessory circum
stances that one it loath not to accept
his statements.
In this Instance, he says (page 935):
"Mrs. Madison had already been ap
prised of the danger. When the flight
of Congrove rockets caused the panic
stricken militia to fly, the President
sent messengers to Inform her that the
defeat of the Americans and the cap
ture of the city seemed to be prom
ised, and to advise her to fly to a place
of safety. These messengers reached
her between 2 and 3 o'clock. Mrs. Mad
ison ordered her carriage, and sent
away in a wagon silver plate and other
valuables, to be deposited in the Bank
of Maryland. She anxiously waited for
her husband, and In the meantime took
measures for preserving the full-length
portrait of Washington, painted by Stu
art, which hung In the Presidential
mansion. Finding the process of un
screwing the frame from the wall too
tedious for the exigency, she had It
broken in pieces, and the picture re
moved with the 'stretcher" or light
frame on which the canvas was nailed.
This she did with her own hands. Just
as she had accomplished so much, two
gentlemen from New York, one of
whom was the now (1867) venerable
New Orleans banker. Jacob Barker, en
tered the room. The picture was lying
on the floor. The sounds of approach
ing troops were heard. They might be
the Invaders, who would be delighted by
tho possesion ofso notable a captive as
the beautlfu wife of tho President. It
was time for her to fly. 'Save that pic
ture!" she said to Mr. Barker and Mr.
R G L. De FeyUter. his companion;
'Save thai picture, if possible; if not
possible, destroy it; under no circum
stances allow it to fall Into the hands of
the British!' Then, snatching up the
precious parchment, on which was writ
ten the Declaration of Independence,
and the autographs of the signers,
w hich she had resolved to save also, she
hastened to the carriage with her sis
ter (Mrs. Cutts) and her husband, and
two servants, and was borne away to a
place of safety beyond the Potomac."
p -HISTORY.
Spanish War Veterans
Invited to Camp Fire
Gen. Henry W. Lawton Camp. No. ,4,
United Spanish War Veterans, has Is
sued an invitation to all the campa
in the department of the District of
Columbia to attend a campflre to be
given at Eagles' Hall, Sixth and E
streets northwest, Tuesday. July 11. at
7:30 p. m.
The committee on entertainment con
sists of Dr. S. C. Cox, chairman: Sher
idan Ferree. S. L. Lamb, B. D. Rlcken
backer, Peter J. Duffy, Emll Walter,
and Edwin M. Lawton.
Work for Return of Books,
to Place Occupied Four
teen Years. j
SENATORS PROMISE
TO AID MOVEMENT
"The Request Seems Reasonable
and Just," Declares
Curtis.
ing not merely literature for the blind,
but various projects for the ameliora
tion of the condition of the blind.
"3. The maintenance at the library
during a portion of each year of lec
tures, readiness and muslcales for the
Instruction and incidental entertainment
or entertainment and Incidental Instruc
tion of the blind residents of-the Dis
trict of Columbia who could attend
them. The participants in the pro
gram have been lnarlably volunteers,
bo that the service of the library has
consisted merely in furnishing accom
modations and arranging for tte pro
grams. "Except for Item X all the above serv
ice benefits exclusively the blind resi
dents of the District of Columbia. It Is
a service not to research or to scholar
shlpv, but to the general reader, alt-alt
a particular class of general readers. On
both of ihe above grounds. It Is there
fore a service logically rather within
the province of the Public Library of
the District than of the Library of Con
gress. The accident of Its Inauguration here
should not prevent Its ultimate location
there any more than did the project for
a children's department in the Library
of Congress prevent the adoption ot
work with the young as the exclusive
task of the Publlo Library. The books
are chiefly used at home, and It Is the
public library rather than the Library
of Congress which Is the lending library
of and for the District."
The last Congress also passed appro
priation bills that put the assistant In
charge of the reading room for the
blind, now at the Carnegie Library, on
the rolls of the District. Instead of oa
the roOs of the Congressional Library.
Not Satisfied
With Present Quarters.
But the blind people are not satisfied.
They say for one thing, that their lit
erature is not "miscellaneous," but the,
most highly specialized In the world.
They do not like the basement In the
Carnegie Library. George W. Bower
man, librarian, has told them he cannot
buy any new books for them. They
miss the light and the beauties they
saw with spiritually seeing eyes and
knew with understanding hearts. The
dampness of the basement ruins their
"tactile" books, they say.
They have some mighty good friends,
who think that way, too. Not only
delegations of the blind went to see
Senator Curtis, Senator Martin, and
Senator Gore, of the Senate Library
Committee, but Thomas Nelson Page,
president, and Miss Etta Dorsey, re
cording secretary, of the National Li
brary for the Blind an Incorporated
society that will .some day build a
great library for the blind In Wash
ingtoncalled on the Senators. The
Senators are going to talk the matter
over with Librarian Putnam and see if
an arrangement for the return of the
library cannot be made.
As it Is now, the reference works of
the library for the blind are In the
Congressional Library.
"The library for the blind ought to be
brought back to the Library of Con
gress," Senator Curtis said today. "Un
til we can have a talk with Mr. Putnam
it Is impossible to say what we shall
do. But as I see it now, I am going to
do all I can to have the matter ar
ranged as the blind people wish. Their
desire seems reasonable and Just."
Last Theatrical Season
Failure, Says Munsey's
The theatrical year which began last
August was entered on with no little
trepidation by the New York man
agers. Playhouses were too plentiful,
good plays were scarce, and competition
from other forms of amusement auto
mobiles, motion pictures, and the opera
was keen. And the outcome has Justi
fied the managers In their fears. Fail
ure followed failure, one of the most
prominent among tho American pro
ducers scoring as high as fifteen during
the reason.
The New Theater did not escape
Early In April, the beautiful houso
fronting Central Park was abandoned
as being too large for Its purposes and
too costly to maintain, and tho institu
tion will Intermit Its New York per
formances until another home is built,
on a smaller scale, in the Times Squares'
district. Matthew White, Jr., in Mun
sey's Magazine.
Retailers to Give
Banquet Next Fall
A banquet In celebration of the first
anniversary of the formation of the
Retail Merchants' Association Is to be
held in the fall. This decision was
reached at a meeting of the board of
governors at the rooms of the Chamber
of Commerce yesterday afternoon.
Prominent speakers and officers of
merchants' associations In other cities
will be Invited to attend, and it Is the
intention of the association to make the
affair one of the largest gatherings of
retail men ever held In the city. De
tails will be arranged at a later meet
ing. The association will Immediately
form a credit and collection bureau.
The committee, of which Gerson Nord
llnger is chairman, was authorized to
commence work upon the bureau at
once. A motion to this effect, made by
Alfred Mayer and seconded by W. w,
Norman, was carried unanimously.
Concert Today
By the TT. S. Marine Bind, at
the White House, at 5:50 P. M.
WILLIAM H. SANTELMANN.
' Leader.
PROGRAM.
'March. "The Fre-FIghters"..MueIler
Overture. "Bohemian Glrl"....Balfe
Valse Petite, "ClrIWrlbln".Pestalozsa
Solo for saxophone, "Norma,"
BeUlne
(Musician August Pfleger.)
Prelude and Slclliana from "Caval-
lerla Rustlcarra" Mascagnl
Waltz, "Girls of Baden" Komzak
Humoresque Fantasia, "The Merry
Widow" Arr. Lampe
"The Star-Spangled Banner." I
.
..

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