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'rf,'V"'"'mv ' THE WASHINGTON TIMES. FRIDAY, APHIL 19, 1912. WIRELESS MAN OF TITANIC DESCRIBES WRECK OF VESSEL Says Ship's Apparatus Was Out of OHer a Few Hours Before Being Hit by Iceberg. NEW YORK, April 19. In a copyrighted artlclo the Npw York TImcB today, prints the following Interview by Harold Bride, the surviving wiro leBB operator of tho Titanic: "In the first place, the public should not blame anybody because more wireless messages about the disaster to tho Titanic did not reach shoro from tho Carpathla. I positively refused to send press dispatches bo cause tho bulk of personal messages with touching words of grief was bo largo. The wireless operators aboard the Chester got all they asked for. And they were1 wretched operators. "They knew American MorBO but not Continental Morse sufficiently to bo worth while. They taxed our endurance to the limit. "I had to cut them out at last they were so insufferably slow, and go ahead with our messages of grief to relatives. We sent 119 personal mes sages today, and fifty yesterday. "When I was dragged aboard the Carpathla I went to the hospital at first I stayed there for ton hours. Then somebody brought word that tho Carpathla's wireless operator was 'getting queer' from the work. "They asked me if I could go up and help. I could not walk. Both my feet were broken or something, I don't know what. I went up on crutches with somebody helping me. "I took tho key and I never left the wireless cabin after that Our meals were brought to us. Wo kept the wireless working all the time. The navy operators wero a great nuisance. I advise them all to learn the Continental Morse and learn to speed up in It if they over expect to be worth their salt. The Chester's man thought he knew it, but he was as slow as Christmas coming. WORKED ALL THE TIME. "We worked all tho time. Nothing went wrong. Sometimes the Carpathla man sent and sometimes I sent. There was a bed in the wireless cabin. 1 could olt on It and rest my feet whllo Bending sometimes. "To begin at the beginning, I Joined the Titanic at Belfast. I was born at Nunhcad, England, twonty-two years ago, and Joined the Marconi forces last July. I first worked on the Hoverford, and then on tho Lusltanla. I Joined the Titanic at Belfast." Asleep When Crash Came. "I didn't have much to do aboard the Titanic except to relievo Phillips from midnight until some time In thn mnrn. Jng, when he Bhould be through sleep ing. On tho night of the accident. I WBN not sending, hilt wnn nalnan T nma due to be up and relieve Phillips earlier man usual. And that reminds me-lf it nadn t been for a lucky thing, we never could have sent any call for help. The luckv thlnsr was that th wlrnl. broko down early enough for us to llx it oeiore me accident. We noticed something wrong on Sunday, and Phil lips and I worked seven hours to And it. Wo found a "secretary" burned out, at last, and repaired It Just a few hours before- the Iceberg was struck. "Phillips said to me as he took the night shift. 'You turn In, boy, and get some sleep, and go up as soon as you can and give me a chance. I'm all done for with this work of making repairs. There were three rooms In the wire less cabin. One was a sleeping room, one a dynamo room, and ono an ope rating loom. I took off my clothes and went tu sleep in bed. Then I was con scious of waking up and hearing Phil lips sending to Cape Race. I read what ..w a odium,;, ii was iranic matter. ( remeirbcied how tired he was, and I got out of bed without my cl.nheij on to relievo him. I didn't tven feel the shock. I hardly knew It hud happened after the captain had com-i to us. There was no joi: what ever. Told to Rest. "I waB standing by Phillips telling him to go to bed when the captain put his head In tho cabin. "We've struck an iceberg," tho cap tain 3aW, "and I'm havlnK an inspec tion made to tell what it hns done for ut. You batter get ready to uend out a call for asulutance. But don't send it until I tell you." "The captain went away und in ton minutes, I should estimate tho tinm. he camo back. Wo could heur a ter lible confusion outside, but thcro was not the lean tiling to Indicate that then- was anv trouble. The wireless was wot kins nrfuctly. " 'Sonrt the call for assistance.' or dered the captain, barely putting his Mead In the door. " U'hift call should I send?' Phillips asked. "'The regulation intci rational call for help Just that.' ' Then the captain was gone. Phillips Lesan tu send -C Q. D.' He flashed uwai at it and wo joked while he did bo All of us made light of tho dis aster. Joked at Distress Call. "We joked that way whllo ho flash ed signals for about five minutes. Then the captain came back. " 'What are you sending?' he asked. ' 'C. Q. D.' Phillips replied. 'The humor of tho situation nppealed tp me. I cut in with a little remark that made us all laugh, including the captain. "Send 'S. O. S.,' I said. It's tho new call, and It may be your last chance to send It. Phillips with a laugh changed the sig nal to "8 O. S." The Captain told us wo had been struck amidships. It was ten minutes, Phillips told me, after ho had noticed the Iceberg, that the slight lolt that was the collision's only sig nal to u-s occurred. We thought wo were a good distance away "We said lots of funny things to each other In the next few minutes. We "Irked up first the steamship Frank rurd. We galve her our position and taid we had struck and Iceberg and needed assistance. The Frankfurd op erator went away to tell his Captain. "He came back, and we told him wo were sinking by the head. By that time we could observe a distinct Hat for ward "The Carpathla answered our signal. Ae told her our position and said we were blnking by the head. The operator went to tell the captain, and In five minutes returned and told us that the captain of the -Carpathla was putting soout a'.id heading for us. Great Scramble On Deck. "Our captnln had left us at this time, and Phillips told me to run and tell him what the Carpathla had answered. I did so. and I went through an awful ' mass of people to his cabin. The decks vere full of scrambling men land -wom en. I saw no fighting, but I heard tell of It "I came back and heard Phillips giv ing the Carpathla fuller directions. Phillips told mo to put on my clothes. Until that moment I forgot that I was not dressed. "I went to my cabin and dressed. I brought an overcoat to Phillips. It was very cold. I slipped the overcoat upon him while ho worked. "Every few minutes Phillips would sond mo to tho captain with little mes sages. They were merely telling how the Carpathla was coming our way and gavo her speed. "I noticed as I came back from -ono trip that they were putting off wom en and children in lifeboats. I no ticed tha,t the list forward was Increasing. "Phillips told me the wireless was growing weaker. The captain catno and told us our engine rooms were taking water and that the dynamos might not last much longer. Wo sent that word to tho Carpathla. "I went out on deck and looked around. Tlie water was pretty close up to the boat deck. There was a great scramble aft. and how poor Phillips worked through It I don't know. "Ho was a bravo man. I learned to love him that night and I suddenly felt for him a great reverence to see him standing there sticking to his work while everybody else was rag ing about. I will never live to forget the work of Phillips for the last awful fifteen minutos. Got Out Life Belt. "I thought It was about time to look about and see if there was any thing detached that would float, I remembered that every member of tho crow had a special life belt and ought to know where It was. I re membered mine was under my bunk. I went and got it. Then I thought how cold the water was. "I remembered I had some boots and I put those on, and an extra Jacket, and I put that on. I saw Phillips standing out there still sending away, giving the Carpathla details of Just how we wero doing. "Wo picked up the Olympic and told her we were sinking by the head and were about all down. As Phillips was sending the message I strapped his life belt to his back. I had already put on his overcoat. "I wondered if I could get' him into his boots. He suggested, wjth a sort of laugh, that I look out and see if all the people were off In the boats, or If any boats were left, or hqw things were. "I saw a collapsible boat near a fun nel and went over to It. Twelve men wero trying to boost it down to the boat deck. They were having an awful time. It was the last boat left. I looked at It longingly a few minutes. Then I gave them a hand, and over she went. They all started to scramble In on the boat deck, and I walked back to Phillips. I said the last raft had gone. "Then came tho captain's voice: 'Men, you have done your full duty. You can do no more. Abandon your cabin. Now It's every man for himself. You look out for yourselves. I release you. That's the way of It at this kind of a time. Every man for himself.' "I looked out. The boat deck was awash. Phillips clung on. sending and sending. He clung on for about ten minutes or maybe fifteen minutes after the captain had released him. The water was then coming Into our cabin. "While he worked something hap pened I hate to tell about. 'I was back in mv room getting Phillips' money for him, and as I looked out the door I Baw a stoker, or somebody from tbelow decks, leaning over Phillips from be hind. He was too busy to notice w'lat the man was doing. The man was slip ping the life belt off Phillips' back. "He was a big man, too. As you can see, I am very small. I don't know what It was I got hold of. I remem bered In a flash the way Phillips had clung on how I had to fix that life belt In place because he was too busy to do It. "I knew that man from below decks had his own life belt and should have known whero to get It. "I suddenly felt a passion not to let that man die a decent sailor's death. I wished he might have stretched rope or walked a plank. I did my duty. I hope I finished him. I don't know. We left him on tho cabin floor of tho wire less room, and he was not moving. Band Flays In Ragtime. "From aft camo the tunes of the band. It waa a rag-time tune. I don't know what. Then there was 'Autumn.' Phillips ran aft and that was the last I ever saw of him. "I went to the placo I had seen the collapsible boat on the boat deck, and to my surprtse I saw tho boat and the men still trying to push it off. I guess thoro wasn t a sailor in tho crowd. Thoy couldn't do It. I went up to them and was Just lending a hand when a largo wave camo awash of the deck. "The big wave carried the boat off. I ha'd hold of an oarlock and I went off with it The next I knew I was in the boat. "But that was not alt I was in the boat and the boat was upside down ana I was under it. And I remember realizing I was wet throuRh, and that whatever hapdened I must not breathe for T wna unri. wnt,v "I knew I had o flght for It and T uiu. nu a uoi out irom under the boat I do not know, but I felt a breath of air at last. 'Thero woro men all around mo hundreds jot them. The sea was dot ted wlththem, all depending on their life belUj. I felt I simply had to get away from tho ship. She was a beau tiful sight then," Smoke and sparks wero rushing out of her funnel. Thero must have been an explosion, but wo had hoard none, wo only saw tho big stream of sparks, the ship was gradually turning on her nose Just like a duck does that goos nnun frt. n.'1tt,A. r hid hi .... , .!.- -.... w, .- i.(vw A nuu v,ijr uiio illiHH on my mind to got away from tho outrun, aiio LHiuu was nun playing. 1 guess all of tho band went down. .iibj tu fiiujruitt svuiumn men. I swam with all my might I suppose i whs u leoi away wnen tno Titanic, on her nose, with her after-quarter sticking Btraight up In tho air, began to Kettle slowly. "When at lost tho waves washed over her rudder thero wasn't tho least bit fiuv.iiui v,uui-( lpci, DUO SI1UBI have kept ifolns Just ao slowly as she MUU UCCM, Spoke German Boat. "I forgot to mention that, besides tho Olympic and Carpathla, wo spoke some German boat, I don't know which. and told them how wo wero. Wo also spoke tho Baltic. I remembered those things as I began to flguro what ships would be coming toward us. "I felt, after a llttlo whllo, like sink ing. I was very cold. I saw a boat of somo kind near mo and put all my strength Into an effort to swim to It. It was hard work. I was all done when a hand reached out from the boat and pulled me aboard. It was our same collapsible. The same crowd was on It. "There waa Just room for me to roll on tho edge. I lay thero not caring what happened. Somebody sat on my legs. They wore wedged in .between slats and were being wrenched. I had not the heart left to ask the man to move. It was a terrible sight all around men Bwlmmlng and sinking. "I lay whero I was, letting tho man wrench my feet out of shape. Others came near. Nobody gavo them a hand. The bottom-up-boat already had more men that It would hold and it was sink ing. "At first the larger waves splashed over my clothing. Then they began to splash over my head and I had to breath when I could. "Somo splendid people saved us. They had a rlght-stde-up boat, and it was full to its capacity. Yet thoy camo to us and loaded us all Into It I saw some lights off In the distance and know a steamship was coming to our aid. "I didn't care what happened. I Just lay and gasped when I could and felt tho pain In my feet. At Hast tho Car pathla was alongside and the people wero being taken up a rope ladder. Our boat drew near and ono by one tho men wero taken off of it One Dead On the Raft. "Ono man was dead. I passed him and went to the ladder, although my feet pained terribly. Tho dead man waa Phillips. He had died on tho raft from oxposuro and cold, 1 guess. He had been all In from work before tho wreck came. Ho stood his ground until tho crisis had passed, and then he had collapsed, I guess. "But I hardly thought that then. I didn't think much of anything. I tried tho rope ladder. My feet pained terribly, but I got to tho top and felt hands reaching out to me. The next I knew a woman was leaning over mo In n. cabin and I felt her hand waving back my hair and rubbing my face. "I felt somebody at my foet and felt the warmth of a Jolt of liquor. Some body got mo under tho arms, Then I was hustled down below to the hos pital. That was early In the day, I guess. I lay in tho hospital until near night and they told me tho Carpathla's wireless man was getting "queer" and would I help. "After that I never wns cut of tho wireless room, ho I don't Know what hanpt-ned among the passengers. I saw nothing of Mis. Astor or any of them. I Jut worked wireless. The splutter never died clown. I knew It soothed the hurt and felt llko a tie to tho world of friends and home. "How could I then take news queries? Sometimes I let a newspaper ask a question and get a long string of stuff asklnr for full pattlculars about every thing. A henrvcr I startid to lake such a message I thought of tho pair peophi waiting tor their messiges to go hop ing for answers to them "I shut off the Inquirers and sent my personal message. Ai'd I feel I did the whUo thing. "If the Cli'sliT had had a decent operator I could havo worked with him longer, but he got tcrrlblv on my r.ervos with his insufferable incompe tence. I was still sendlnc my personal message when Mr. Marconi and the Times reporter arrived to aek that I urepaie this statement. "There were, majbe, 100 left. I would like to send them all, because I could rest easier If I knew all those messages had gone to the friends waiting for them. But an ambulance man is wait ing with a stretcher, and I guess I havo got to go with him. I hope my legs get better soon. "The way tho band kept playing was a noble thing. I heard It first while still wo were working wireless, when thcro was a ragtime tunc for us. and tho last I saw of the band, when I was floating out In the sea with my Ufa belt on. It was still on deck playing 'Au tumn.' How they ever did It I cannot Imagine. "That and the way Phillips kept send ing after the captain told him his life was his own, and to look out for him self, are two things that stand out in my mind over all the rest." LIKE AWFUL DREAM, DECLARES WOMAN Mrs. Cardeza, of Philadelphia, Tells of Her Experience In Wreck. NHW YORK, April 19. Among the survivor were Mrs. J, r. Cardeza, her Hon Thnnui. and maid. Annie Vard, all of Philadelphia. "We oiiiHlu'd Into tho iceberg." safd Mrs. Caidcza. "at about 12 o'clock at nltrht. It is all now llko an awful dream. I cannot bear to recall it. I can only thank God that fate was kind to us. "W Ith the sinking of the Titanic, thoro wero all kinds of terrible, reports, intone which was that Captain Smith, when ho wos nushod uhoaid a life raft, dove Into the deep rather than cuffer the iftrliirr's Hhamo of belnjr caved. "Four died, I understood, in the life boata before we woro picked ud. Tho terrible cold killed them." COMPANIES CHANGE ROUTES TO EUROPE As a result of tho disaster to tho Ti tanic and the unusual ico conditions prevailing in tho North Atlantic, tho trans-Atlantic steamship lines have agreed to cross longitude 47 degrees in latitude 40 degrees 10 minutes, east bound beginning today; and in longitude 47 degrees, latitude 41 degrees, west bound, beginning April 25. The routes designated are 200 miles to the south of tho usual steamer lanes on the southern courso followed at this time of year. .Notice of the change, and the agree ment has been sent broadcast In the latest bulletin of the United States Hy- i arc-graphic office. 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