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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, July 26, 1912, LAST EDITION, Image 1

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I v
Generally Fair To
nzgri and Saturday.
1 . V f
Yesterday's Circulation, 50,922.
Sixteen Pagev
t - " i i.
Last Edition
.. i "
- - - - i " ..-'
Bold Effort Made to Strip
Commerce Commission
of All Power.
House Judiciary Committee's . In
dorsement Causes Sen- "
A- startlingly bold effort to tako
away the authority of tho Interstate
Commerce Commission and lodge it
in the Court of Commorco, has
caused one of the biggest legislative
sensations known In Washington In
many years.
No such effort to destroy a great
fabric of legislation through a sub
terfuge, is recalled by anybody who
has looked into tho affair. Two
years ago the Taft-Wickorsham rail
road bill undertook to legalize rail
road combinations, over-capitalization,
etc., while pretending to pro
hibit them; but it was headed off be
fore it got so far toward tho stat
utes as has the present plot for the
.destruction of the Interstate Com
Take Away Its Power. .
Briefly, the scheme was to take away
from the commission all Its power to
decide Issues brought up to It, and to
turn that power over to tho Court of
Commerce; to a court that in,two years
of existence has, so unfavorably Im
pressed the country that a, determined
.'effort, to abolish-, it is- now peeing In
Congress; a court thdt numbered In, Its
membership, .Judge -Archbald, now
awaiting trtalAUnder Impeachment a
court ihat from'' the1 'beginning: has'-irled
to absorb to Itself the complete author
ity of .passing upon, revising, reversing,-
or annulling orders of tho commission.
The story is remarkable ;'fqr t the
boldness It displays on thopart-'of
men who proceede.d far toward carry
ing this project Into effext. if is
Hardly less striking: because' of' the
faut that the Judtoiary Committee
of the House fell Into the trap and
recommended for passage the vory
legislation that would have mangled
and ruined the present Interstate com
mcr.ee code, after twenty-five year.s of
painful effort and hard lighting. to get
it Into the law books.
Apparently 'determined to make as
surance doubly, or triply, sure, tho
projectors of this remarkable enter
prise had three different bills intro
duced in the House, any one of which
passing, would have accomplished the
desired end. One was presented by
Mr. BroUBsard of Louisiana, one by
' Mr. Borland of Missouri, and one by
Mr. Saundera of Virginia.
The Saunders Bill.
Of these three measures, the Saun
ders bill is the most frank, open and
obvious a project for undoing the
whole Interstate commerce code. But
either of the other measure would,
according to experts in this subject,
effectually accomplish the same
The Saunders and Broussard bills
were sent to the Committee on Inter
state Commerce, where they belonged.
The Borland measure was sent to tho
Judiciary, which, not being expert In
the Interstate commerce legislation,
Innocently reported It for passage.
JCow, members of that committee and
House leaders are wondering how
they are to back out gracefully from
the position to which, probably un
wittingly, they have committed them
selves. Luther Walter, a clever young
corporation lawyer, Is credited with
originating the project to break dowr.
the whole Interstate commerce law. Mi.
Walter was for a long time n attorney
for the Interstate Commerce Commis
sion. Recently he resigned to become
a memW of a Chicago law Arm that
represents a large number of "tap line"
It was for the supposed purpose cf
righting injustices which are Imposed
by the present limitations of appeal for
the com.nlsslon. that Mr. Walter wanted
his little bill passed. Ho enlisted vari
ous people In his behalf, who had not
made sufficient investigation to under
stand how far-reaching tho proposal
He even secured a letter from the
(Continued on Sixth Page.)
Generally fair tonight and Saturday;
cooler tonight.
A a. m 74
9 a. m 75
10 a. m 74
11 a. m 74
12 noon 75
1 p. m, 75
2 p. m 76
8 a. m is
9 a. m SI
10 a. m 84
11 a. m 83
12 noon, 86
1 p. m $7
2 p. m 83
Today high tide. 5:30 a. m. and 6:3
p. m.; low tide. 12:42 a. m. J
Tomorrow High tide. 6:3S a. m. ir
7.1ft p. m.; low tide, l2:4Sa. m. and 1:
p. m.
Bus rUM 4:65 Sua sets 7:11
Members' of House Are Getting
. Them, Declares Ohio Con
gressman. Powder puffs, poker chips, and miisio
rqlls arc being furnished members of
the Houso from the publio treasury,
according to a' statement today by
Congressman 'WlUls of Ohio. l
"In examining the . record of ex
penditures of tho Houso contingent
fund," said Willis, "I find that these
articles aro being, charged up by mem
bers to tho Government. I think the
public ought to know about it." r
Justice Keogh Decides Against
Release of Slayer Froni
WHITE PLAINS, N. TJ., July 26.
Justlce Keogh this afternoon handed
down a decision denying; to Harry K.
Thaw hla release from Matteawan pn
a writ of habeas corpus.
Thaw was ordered sent back to Mat
teawan Asylum Immediately by Justice
Keogh. He had been in tho county Jail
at White Plains since the habeas cor
pus hearing began in the supreme
court almost two months ago.
In his decision Justlco Keogh said
that ho could not order tho rolcase of
Thaw "because ho would be a menace
to public safety."
It was the third attempt on the part
of Stanford White's slayer to obtain
a release from Matteawan Hospital for
tho Criminal Insane.
Plot To Defraud Government Will
Be Determined By
Pleas of not guilty wero today entered
before Justice Weight, Mn Criminal
Court,Novirbyljfpuri(ofjtlie) five laun
drymeTnTreccnt'ly ""indicted on a charge
of conspiracy to defraud the Govern
ment Jh connection with the award "
contrasts for washing the towels used' In
the various departments. w
The defendants arraigned were' Louis
Levy, vice-president of the Frazee
Potomac Laundry Company; Frederick
W. MacKcnzie, secretary and treasurer
of the Tolman Laundrv Comypany;
Clarence F. Sowers, treasurer of the
Columbia Laundry Company, and Leon
S. Tyndall. ,
Cabinet Is Informed of Principal
Topics To Be Touched On
In Speech.,
The main points in his speech of ac
ceptance of the nomination which he
has been writing in his private study in
the White House for the last four days
were outlined to tho Cabinet today by
President Ta'ft.
Secrecy Is maintained as to the con
tents of the draft of the declaration
which will be made to tho Republican
national Committee on August 1. The
speech, it Is understood, Is quite lengthy.
Other than his official advisers, tho
President has received no political or
social callers during the week.
Leader Underwood Says It Is Im
possible Before First of
' Another blow to prospects for nn
early adjournment of Congress Is the-
tariff legislation in tho Senate, accord
ing to Majority Leader Underwood, of
the Houso Today he said he did not
see how it can bo possible for Congress
to adjourn before 'September -1.
Underwood said it would take until
August 15 for the Senate and House to
finally pass compromise appropriation
bills, iml that the tariff legislation
scheduled In the Senate would probably
extend tho session for another two
weeks, legardless -of further delay If
the Impaehment trial of Judge Arch
bald, of the Commerco Court, Is held
LOS ANGELES, July 26.-Attorney
Earl Rogers, In charge of the Darrow
defense, announced today that Clarence
S. Darrow probably would bo committed
to the stand this afternoon to testify In
his own behalf at his trial for jury
Darrow will be the last witness for
the defense. The fact that he takes
the stand will not prevent his arguing
his own case, according to Rogers,
Darrow Is an attorney of record In the
case, and will make an argument be-,
Xoxe the Jury. I
Regulars Warned Against
Yielding to Democratic
Prospects of Adjournment More
Remote As Result; of Tangle
Over the Woof Bill.
Tho flght over tho wool tariff took
a now and sensational turn this
afternoon, when Senator La toilette
got word .that tho 8onato regular
leaders planned to defeat tho La Fol
letto measure which tho Senate
passed last night, by having the
Senate, conferees recede from tho
bill In conference, thus Insuring the
passage of the Democratic bill.
As soon as Senator La Follotto
heard this ho went to Senator Pen
rosce and other Senato loaders on
the regular side and served notice on
themjthat he would not stand for it.
He Insisted on the samo conferees
as those named last, year, that of La
Follotto, Bailey, and Blmmons. Ho
said unless they woro appointed he
would make a flght on the floor to
have the Senate elect tho conferees
and would not permit tho Chair to
-appoint them.
Will Block Plan.
Progressive and Democratic Senators.
Dnlil .til- ,.... .1.... v w..;l.
.no i.o ctiiwuuuii inui ij foueiie.s
stand had probably blocked the plan, to
recede in conference, and made.it likely
that-a compromise bill' would b"e "passed
and go to: the Presidents vTho planpf
tho regular Republican leaders, unless
they chango It on'account, of La Toi
lette's protest, Is to put on1 the confer
ence committee Penrose, Cullom, and
Bailey, the ranking membors' 'of the
Finance Committee.
The plan 1s for tho Senate conferees
to recede in conference from tho Wool
bill passed by tho House and accept
the Democratic bill. Then, they would
report tho Democratic bill back to the
Senate In a conference report. Under
such circumstances, the Senate Demo
crats would have to voto for it. And
tho regulars would also vote for It, and
it would be adopted.
If this course is taken, as it is now
believed in well-informed Senate quar
ters It is be, the President will be
helped out of the holo Into which tho
Democrats and progressives are trying
to put him. That is, he would have the
Democratic bill put before dim. Ho can
easily veto this.
The wool tariff has suddenly become a
llvo Issue by the unexpected action of
the Senato last night, through a coup
of La Follette, in passing the old wool
bill, which he got through the Senate in
Rejects La Follette Bill .
The first move of the House will be
to reject the La Follette bill and send
tho wool question to conference.
House and Senate Democratic leaders,
as well as progressive Republicans In
both bodies, want to arrange a compro
mise bill, pass It, and put it up to the
They figure, at least the bulk of
them, that the President will have
to veto the bill In order to be con
sistent with his action last summer,
or that if he signs the bill it will
strike a blow at the relations of the
President with the regular Repub
licans who are his chief reliance for
These are the chief political con
siderations. Of course, there ' is the
further consideration that the wool
tariff ought not bo allowed to remain
at its present high figure.
Fears to Veto Measure.
The pjjjltical opponents of President.
Taft. Democrats and Progressives,
tako the view that if he again vetoes
a compromise wool bill, in the midst
of a campaign for re-election, it will
be ruinous to him. True, they be
lieve the President is a defeated' man
now, but they think a veto would still
further weaken him.
Chairman Underwood, of the Ways
and Means Committee of tho House,
had no prediction to make today as to
the outcomo of the wool bill. It Is
learned, however, that the expectation
of leading Democrats Is that a compro
mise will, be effected between tho La
Follette bill passed by the Senate and
tho -House bill. The Ways and Means
Committee will probably meet to con
sider tho matter early next week. In
formal .conferences were hold this morn
ing between Mr. Underwood and some
of the. Ways and Means members.
Now that a wool bill has been passed
by the Senate, there Is strong likeli
hood the House will send a cotton bill
to the Senate. The prospects of ad
journment have been made more remote
by the passing of a wool bill by the
Appropriation Made
To Stop Army Worm
The Senate today passed the bill by
Senator Smith of South Carolina, mak
ing an emergency appropriation of $20,000
o cope with the ravages of the army
norm In the South.
Senator McLean of Connecticut said
the allowanco would be unnecessary If
his bill were passed for the protection
of Insectivorous birds.
M - i
A LL Jk II 11 I IV Y 1111'
What Rodenberg SaysAbpui ffi bhSS.
"WIIsoh, the friend of the Chhumumtt ' ' HHKllp.lttgSispLVMHHi
iWisisisisisr4ftJPinLsKB, ikKWlkkkkm W';&M',rf7hiT aisU.l
"Woodrotr, WIIsoh, aHtWcffersoa, aatl-ferelni kWfkWM3LiWkkWksMM4kW
antl.Jabor, and pre-Chlaese candidate, for the H3MfHi$'H' '
Presidency." BEsWMyjfelrtB
"Tho mantle of Jefferson rests today -apoa tho . j WmFmJj&SRR&ft-KKMjBh
narrow, classic shoulders of tho Princotoa HinBflftflllBi'iiiifl
attention to his Baeeriag rcf- i LLHiJbLvHLiiiiHLtbLiLiIiiIiiiiiiibiLiH
erenccs to tho Farmers' AlllaBcepor .i-avLKsLiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiliiHLILiiiiiVLLiiiiV
cnaracterizauoB ox tho Knights or Laoor oeiBg jP!"HHHHHHt1H
tlBctared with the hideous doctrine aa- MriPjK'fH I
"I do not agree Governor Wilson that labor HMEjflH I
-anions make 'unprofitable sen-ants."' ' rPWSIB
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Union Men Not Unprofitable Servants, Declares Rodenberg in
Heated Attack Upon Democratic Candidate for Presidential
Honors Personality of Leader is Declared
Unsuited to Party's Platform
The first real Republican gun fired at tho candidacy of Gov. Woodrow Wilson wbb unllmbered today when
Congressman William A. Rodenberg, a Taft supporter, devoted a long speech to "Woodrow WJIboh antl-Jef-ferBon,
anti-foreign, anti-labor, anti-soldier, and pro-Chinese candidate for tho Presidency."
Mr. Rodenberg appeared to have mado a study of all of tho utterances of the Democratic nominee, and the
Rodenberg Bpeech probably will bo
Representative of Packing Com
pany Expected To Discuss
Plan of Dissolution.
Federal District Attorney, Wilkerson,
of Chicago, came to Washington today
for a conference with Attorney General
Wlcker'sham. It was believed that ho
brought' with him the plans tor the
dissolution of the National Packing
Company, otherwise the Beef trust,
which contemplate a division of the
company's property Into three Interests,
the Swift, Armor, and Norrls, respec
tively. Wilkerson had a 1 ng talk with As
sistant Attorney General Fowler, who
Is In charge of trust prosecutions, and
later In the day will see tho Attorney
General. The Attorney General Is ex
pected to announce shortly whether
ho approves of the plans for tho dis
solution of the trust.
Planning to Probe
, Forestry Service
" i
The proposed Investigation of extrava
gant expenditures In the forestry ser
vice has been approved by the Com
mittee on Contingent Expenses. The
Overman resolution was today favor
ably reported.
It Is Intended to make a thorough In
quiry concerning reckless xpendlturs.
favoritism, sinecures, and usoless em
ployes. The resolution was placed on
the calendar.
'Exhibit A" in tho Republican campaign book.
k Violent Attack on Wilson.
Quoting from Wilson's "History of
the American People" at length, Rod
enberg violently denounced the Demo
cratic Btandard-bearer as Inconsistent.
Rodenberg also lauded Champ Clark
and scored William J. Bryan.
"The personality of the candidate be
comes in a very large measure the true
platform of hlB party," Rodenberg de
clared In opening his Are upon Wilson.
"Today the mantle of the Immortal
Jefferson rests upon the narrow but
classic shoulders of the Princeton pro-1
fessor. Jefferson was taken advantage
of, for, if given an opportunity, he
would certainly have protested vigor
ously, for here Is wbt Wilson says
of Jefferson:
" 'Mr. Jefferson was an aristocrat,
who deliberately practiced tho arts of
a politician; a philosophical radical,
rather than a statesman. Washington
found him (Jefferson) a guide who
needed watching. "
Rodenberg then quoted Wilson's al
leged attack upon foreign Immigrants,
In which Wilson said: "This coarse crew
came crowding In every year at tho
Eastern ports," ,,..,,
"Wilson, the friend of the Chinaman,"
was how Rodenberg dissected the
Prlncetonlan's chapter In his book upon
the Chinese exclusion act.
"I resent the charge,'' said Roden
berg, "made by Prof. Wilson thut the
American warklngmen wero driven to
make demand upon Congress for this
legislation, because of their fear of tho
superior skill and Intelligence of the
Chinese. Tho Chinese vote Is hopeless
ly lost to tho Republican party: It has
gone over In a body to Woodrow Wil
son." "Unprofitable Servants."
Rodenberg then quoted from Wilson's
baccalauerate sermon at Princeton three
years ago upon the question of organ
Ired labor, scylng:
"I do not agree with Prof. Wilson
(Continued on Sixth Pete.)
Injunction Against Increase
Asked By William S.
Litigation to test the legal -right of
the District Commissioners to Increase
the water rates as directed In an or
der Issued September 30, last, and made
effective July 1, was Instituted In the
District Supreme Court today by Wil
liam S, Bransom.
Tho action Is the form of a suit for
an Injunction to prevent the Commis
sioners from shutting off the water
supply at Bransom's home, 1003 C street
northeast, following his refusal to pay
$5.30, which Includes the Increase order
ed. Bransom declares In his petition that
ho tendered H.SO to Charles O, Rogers,
Sollector of taxes, but It was refused, a
cmnnd tor $5.30 being made by the of
ficial. He states that $4.80 Is the amount
he. has formerly paid for Water at his
The contention Is raised in the petition
that the Commissioners have no power
to Increase arbitrarily the water rates, as
It Is expressly provided by law that the
charge shall only be largo enough to
create a fund for the management,
malntenasce and repair of the water
plant. It Is urged In the bill that the
old rate Is ample to produce such a1
fund and that there Is no necessity for
enlarging the -fund.
Justice Wright Issued a rule citing the
Commissioners to appear In court on
August 6, and show cause why an in
junction forbidding them to shut off
Bransom's water supply should not be
Attorney Clephane & Clephane.
Henry Leonard, and Charles Llnktna ap
pear as counsel tor Braaiom.
Suspensiori of Battleship
Program, Would Be fyfal,
' He Declares.
Man or Country Always Ready If
One Left Alone by His or v
Its, Neighbors.
OYSTER BAY, N. Y July 26.--Taking
issue with the Detnocrats
who have declared against build
ing up the American navy, Col
onel Roosevelt declared that to
prevent the United States becom
ing the China of the Western
hemisphere, it would be necessary
to carry on the program providing
for the construction of battleships.
r He asserted this country might
as well think of abandoning the
Panama canal as giving up the
plan of strengthening the navy.
To make his position clear, the
former President issued the fol
lowing formal statement:
"The Democrats, if they vote
down the battleship program, if
logical, should vote to abandon the
Panama canal. Itis as understand,
ablepolicyjoabaAdon 'the Pan
ama canal as to abandon building up
the fleet and to say4p400iation
shall simply become he China of
the Western hemisphere.
Is An Outrage.
"I don't believe In that policy, but at
least It's understandable. But the one
unpardonable policy is to Incur re
sponsibility and then to decline to adopt
the necessary means to enable us to
meet the responsibility. It Is an out
rage from the standpoint of national
honor and interests to ro on with the
Panama canal at all unless we both
fortify It and keep up an adequate
"Furthermore, any .talk as to what we
Intend to do about the Monroe doctrine
or the Panama canal or the protection
of Hawaii or any'other matter. Is not
merely offensive, but contemptible, If we
abandon building ud tho navy and show
that we really have neither the power
nor the will. If the need should evec
come, to make our word good by deed.
"Out In the. cow country. In the old
days H used to be proverbial that the
man who was most apt to get Into
trouble was the man who was always
readv to draw, but not to shoot. The
man who never got Into trouble waa
the man who was never flustered, who
never was offensive, who never wronged
or Insulted any one, but who, as every
body knew, was entirely competent to
hold his own If attacked.
Insurance of Peace.
"I believe In the upbuilding of the Uni
ted States navy as an Insurance for
peace. The voyage of our battleship
fleet around the world was one of the
greatest moves for peace this country
has ever made.
"I hope that our people will always
uciiato uui umy niwi dviuijuiuuo judiivd,
but with the utmost generosity toward
all other nations, weak and strong, and
I also hope that It will make It evident
that such action Is due, not to timidity
on our part, but to genuine love of Jus
tice; and we will become Impotent either
to secure Justice for others or to secure'
the best for ourselves If we abandon the
upbuilding of the navy, for the minute
we stop building up the navy, the navy
begins to go backward."
Colonel Roosevelt has finished his
speech which will be delivered at the
national convention of his party to be
held in Chicago, and the manuscript
was sent to the Printers today. He
spent the morning In cross-country rid
ing and visiting his neighbors.
Senato met at noon.
Senate Democrats agree to support exi
else bill and Democratic sugar bill.
Excise bill taken up for consideration.
Will be voted on today.
Nelson resolution for Investigation Into
question of what part American In
terests are taking In fomenting Mexji
can and Cuban revolutions passed,
Ndval bill sent back to conference.
Regulars have plan to beat the La FoI
lotte wool bill.
Bill passed to meet army worm emtri
The House met at noon.
Debate on the general deficiency bill
was resumed.
Congressman Humphrey of Washing--ton"replled
to the Norrls speech on,
yesterday on the Chicago conven
tion. Congressman' Rodenberg attacked
Governor Wilson's candidacy.
The Rnd Seat subcommittee of the
District Committee resumed Its
The Naval Affairs Committee consid
ered a bill to Increase the pay o(
Waihlngtoa Navy Yard employe.
r i

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