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-yit,g-ygpgwww'l 'frr"" "SiW" 'rV'Hf",fl"''PBr" " '" ""yP -r"plff v iT jpj4qrH4irsv i ? -w f' f sTWAJfClAI. Anal Edition Fair ronigrt and Sunday. W Market Ct4a Crices, Yesterday's Circulation, 48,850., WASHINGTON, SATUBDAY JBVENING-, JTJpT 27, 1012? - Efoteen Paes PBldE 6JOJ CENT. KXJMBEB 7528. ( IT ( t&rce waaiTiauiTi toura? i ll-L l? SIMS SAYS BILL TO MAIM RATES IT Exposure Has Called Atten- tion to Vicious Measure, He Declares. ROADS' ATTORNEY DENIES AUTHORSHIP Publicity Gives New Turn to Re markable Situation In Congress. By JUDSON C. WBLLIVER. Hearings on tho bills that look to tho emasculation of tho interstate commcrco law and the withdrawal ' of all final authority from tho Inter state Commerco Commission, wero continued today before tho House In 'teratato Commerce Committee. Tho r greatest interest has been aroused, 1 in these measures, by reason of tho expose of their real character and purpose, published in The Times yes terday. It is now stated by the people who are opposing these measures, that there is no seriQus danger that any one of them will pass, at this ses sion; but. this view Is by no means acquiesced la by their supporters. Denies Authorship. Luther iwelter, the tap-line railroad lawyer, 'who Is .regarded as the author of the -Borland bill, assures The Times that he had nothing to do with the authorshlp'of the Saunders and Brous sard measures. He refers them to John B. Dalah, a well-known, and expert in- terstate' commerce lawyer of1 this city, ;wliora,l regards as their'author. Mr. rvjralter admits that both these ..bills 'ara, danwroprin::.ithe extreme,! ' but insists that the Borland hill Is all right, that it gives a measure of re lief for 1thek shipper that he Is estltled .(to enjoy; and that It Is going to pass. On. this point Congressman Sims of Tennessee, a member of the Interstate Commerce Committee, and the original discoverer of the Joker In the three hills now so much in the limelight, sharply disagrees. Judge Sims declares that there Is no danger of any of these measures pass ing, simply because their real character and Intent has been found out and made clear. On this point Tie is rein forced by the opinion of interstate Com merce Commission of flclals,i who, after a period of serious worry, have become convinced that Congress can be relied upon to make no such startling change of policy. A most remarkable situation has been developed as a result of the publicity given these measures. Ever since its creation the Court of Commerce has teen reaching out for the final authority over all acts of the Interstate Com mission. It has reversed the commis sion so many times, and in such extra- nrrtlnnrv -nravH that it has lost the con fidence of Congress and the public to such an extent that one branch of Con gress has taken steps for abolition of the court. That It will continue beyond another Congress, Is almosT universally bslieved Impossible. Tet at the very time when tho Com merce Court is at such a low ebb of popularity and pffbllo confidence, It Is proposed to turn over to it, by legisla tive act, the very powers It iisb been seeking, and which the Supremo Court has specifically declined to grant it under existing law. Of course. It would be pos- slble for Congress to do this. The Su preme Court has simply been construing the law as It stands. If the law wero so changed as to give these great pow ers to the Commerce Court, the Supreme Oaurt could not prevent. Sims' Views. Concerning the effect of such legisla tion, Judge Sims today said to Tho Times: "Under the Interstate Commerce law passed In 1906 and amended by the act of June, 1910, no question can be made In any court against an order of the Interstate Commerce Commission, ex cept by a railroad that has been ord 'ered by the commission to either do some particular thing it was not doing or desist from doing something it was then doing. "In order to test the validity of any . such order the railroad had to bring an original suit to stay, annul, suspend or enjoin tho order and no suit for such a purpose could be brought except dele gated to It by Congress or that the order had exceeded the powers dele gated to it by Pongress or that the order was In effect confiscatory of the railroad's property and violative of the fifth amendment to the Constitution. If (Continued on Second Page.) cz WEATHER REPORT. FORECAST FOR THE DISTRICT. Fair torilght and Sunday; little change in temperature. ! TEMPERATURES. U. S. BUREAU. I AFFLECK'S. 8 a. m ,.... 6S I 8 a. m 73 a. m 71 J 9 a. m 77 10 a. m 73 I 10 a. m SO 11 a. m 74 I U a. m 81 12 noon 75 12 -noon SO 1 p. m 76 I 1 p. m 89 3 p. m..... 77 2 p. m 93 M TIDE TABLE. Today High tide 6:38SS8 a. m and 1:28 p. m. Tomorrow High tide. 7:22 a. m. and and 2:18 8 p. m, P. m. iow uae, i:si m. BUN TABLE. Boa rises 4:66 Sun sets 7;17 ASS Situation in SlrikeKWar in West Virginia Thrqe cowpMiles off Militia are Beat from Mt Gretna io stop rioting. OBOflosoR reported to have beea Wiled In the fighting.' Gaards and backwoodsmen la' guerrilla narfaro la bcavlljv wooded section. Private detectives Bald to havo la ' Blltatcd repreB8lT0 'neasares la order to obtain order. State troops handicapped by lack of knowledge of geography of conatry. Better class of cIUschs believe. BilUtlanea Trill be able tovead tho fighting. CITIZENS PETIT Residents of Southeast Sec tion Say Relief Is Imperative. The Commissioners have received from residents of southeast "Washington a peUtlon asking that immediate steps be taken for the removal of the garbage cars from the tracks at New Jersey and Virginia avenues southeast. The odor from tho cars, it Is said. Is so offensive as to prohibit residents of that section from sitting out of doors in the evening. The suggesUon Is made that the cars be loaded on the siding adjacent to the garbage yard at the cor ner of New Jersey avenue and I Btreet southeast. Investigation of tho complaint was made by J. W. Paxton. superintendent of street cleaning. In his1 report to the Commissioners Superintendent Paxton says it'is his opinion that the Washing ton .Fertiliser Company, which Jias the contract for the removal of the garbage and ttho,. railroad, company ,are doing-all they catT'to transfer ..the4 garbage cars putslde 'theJJIs.trJctwtthJtha,, least -lm .convenience toAthepubflc. ' . in ah endeavor to 'Vetnedy conditions of which complaint Is, made, the Com missioners included In their last annual estimates hn appropriation of $10,000 for the Investigation and adoption of Im proved methods for the collection ami disposal of garbage, but so far Congress has not seen fit to make such an appro priation. WANTS SENATE TO PICK HER A NAME Young Woman In Alabama Asks for' Nice One to Replace Her Own. From a young woman living in Alabama there came to tho Secretary of the Senate today a letter ad dressed: "Ligealater, "Washington, D. C." The missive read: "Deer Sirs I will ask a favor of you if you Please 1 don't like' my name and decided to ask the legis lature for the favor of sending me a nieo name 1 am, a young lady of 17 years of age. Please do your b.est in selecting a real nice name. I will pay the cost so let me hear from you by return mail." "My former.name is Rundles. "Your respect, MISS ALLIE RUNDLES." LEPER IS A PROBLEM TO PUZZLE STATES Man Who Escaped From Denver Colony Cannot' Find a Habitation. The Solicitor of tho Treasury is today wrestling with the problem of what to do with a leper who escaped from a Denver colony and turned up at San Franojsco. The leper Is known under the names of C. W. Parson, and C. W. Bronson. The Colorado health officials don't want to take him back. The California officials want to get rd of him. They say he belongs In Texas, Texas doesn't want him either. The solicitor will decide whether under the optional Federal regulation he shall be returned to nn of these States or "Igned to a Federal quarantine sta tion. Either course under the law may be pursued. Change for Col. Allen. Col. Samuel E. Allen, Coast Artillery Corps, Is relieved from the command of the artillery district of Pensacola and of the post of Fort Barrancas, Fla., and. on September 1 will c6me to Fort Washington, Md., and assume command of that post and of the ar tillery district of the Potomac. ION STO HOVEGARBAGECARS STATEIOOPS RUSH TO SCENE ' OF STRIKE RIOT Dozen Fighters Said to Be Killed In West Virginia. COMPLETE LISfS OF DEAD NOT TO BE HAD Backwoodsmen Most Desperate In Battle With Guards of Coal Company. CHARLESTOWN, W. Va. July 27. Throe companies of State militia from Mt. Gretna, Pa., arrived by special tfain today and marched on the Paint Creek mining section, whore a dozen men are reported to have been killed in fighting between Baldwin detectives and striking coal minors. No complete fatality returns were available today, but a mining official fresh from the scene of the trouble said: "Hades has broken loose. We hope the soldiers will put a stop to it" Guards Blamed. The official refused to discuss the pfltuatlon further. The private guards of the mining companies are believed to have instituted repressive measures. The known dead are William Stringer and Gus Plnson, private guards. William Phaup', chief of tho Baldwin detectives, is at Sheltering Arms Hospital with bul let wounds In both arms. He will re cover. The" miners' losses In yesterday's fighting around Mucklow are not known. Adjutant General Elliott and twenty-five men. of Company C, are encamped near Mutklowr but the teHtoryyls tosfjargi forlh.em." 'f .f-'D ' Fora distance' or tweivefmUss around Uwmouth-of iPaintCreelc'thentcriof one large company's operations, the' In habitants are said to have lapsed Into a state of primitive savagery, spurred Pn W the depreciations oi me. private guards. Frightful stories of attacks on defenseless women and raids on homes reached here. Was On Guard. That more than two men were killed on both sides was considered certain by men who came out of the troubled re gion today. They said the back woods men had joined with the strikers In the war upon the private guards. Every ravlno affords means for & deadly ambush. The militiamen, un familiar with, the ground, unacquainted with the guerilla warfare of the back woodsmen, cannot hope to cope with the situation except In large numbers. Six hundred miners and hlllsmen fought against several hundred private guards in the engagement near Muck low yesterday. More than 3,000 rounds were fired. The miners are desperately Soor irom three months striking for Igher wages and better working con ditions. Their attack centered on the company's stores. The outcome of the fighting Is not known In Charles Town. Communication with the Paint Creek potion is possible only by foot, all- wires being down. Travelers Into the Interior take their lives in their own hands. That the fighting waa renewed today was considered certain. The frantic call for State troops made by the mine owners was interpreted here as meaning that the miners more than held their own In previous engagements. Prohibition Divides Texas Voters Today AUSTIN, Tex., July 27. Tcxans to day are struggling with a five-foot pri mary election ballot, in the State-wide primaries for the nomination of a full State and legislative ticket and a pref erence vote on United States Senator. The contest over the entire ticket is divided on prohibition lines. Jacob Wolters, antl-prohlbltlonist, and Congressman .Morris Shepard, dry. are the candidates for the Senatorshlp to silcceed Joseph W. Bailey, who is not a candidate for re-election. Governor Colquitt, antt-prohlbitlon, and William Ramsay are the contest ants for the governorship. Indications are that coiquiu win be renominated, Tho race between Shepard and Wolters is very cIobo. Senate Increases Postal ' Appropriation $3,373,231 Chairman Bourne, of thevSenate Plst offlce Committee, filed today his report on the postofflce bill. It shows an "ap parent" Increase, according to the re port, of $10,762,201 over the amount car ried by the House bill. The main Items of increase are $2, 698,000 for the recommended restoration of magazines and periodicals to mall trains, where now sent by freight, and 13.625.000 to oover the cost of the Sen ate amendment, if "adopted, raising- the pay of rural carriers. The report sayB ,that, although the House bill expressly appropriates $2flft 866,190, It contains legislation authoriz ing the expenditures of $267,753,099. so that In reality the recommended Senate Increase over the House bill is only $3,373,231. Queen to Hurry Home. LONDON, July 27. Informed by tele graph of the serious Illness of her son, little Prince Jaime, tho Queen of Spain, who Is visiting In England, canceled plans for a trip to the Isle of Wight today and will probably leave tomorrow for Madrid. ARRESTSUSPECT IN LONG SERIES Colored .Man Accused Breaking , Into, Many Capital Homes. of FOUND fRYJNG TO . SELL WATCH CHAIN Police Believe He mmitted Many Robberies In Last Few Months. After a soarch of more than, a year, tho police have arrested, a mai they belioYe to be the "fastidious thltif" suspected, of a long series of rob beries in tho best section of Wash ington ,,and "who ko.pt the police on the1 Jump week In" and week out Already, four cases of housebreak ing and. robbery have been directly, charged, to him, and the pollco are working in several more. This man is Claude Bowden, colored, nineteen years' old, of 1623 Kingman place northwest; For many months tho police, have been baffled by a long series of housebreakings, by a thief who bad a penchant for art works, bric-a-brac, expensive clothing, and fastid ious walking sticks. Found In Pawnshop. Bowden was picked up in a pawnshop two days ago by headquarters Detective Cox as he was trying to dispose of a heavy gold watch Chain, which was later Identified as the property of Wll; nam D. Tennllle, 1009 O street north west On the night of. July 10, the home ot Mr. Tennllle was entered through the front (loam And a mmta 'coat .watch OF RURCLAR1ES f-AWu-tair? . H.to4,'". articles stolen." H f-""- ,-. .., M V..l AS Detectives searched Bowden's room on Kingman place wliere they foundsome of the art works and bric-a-brac stolen from the home of Charles A. Cotter Ill, Washington newspaper man, on the night of January 23 last Mr. Cotter Ill had as his house guest that night Major H. W. Carpenter, retired, of the Marino Corps. Mr. Cottedll and the major retired late, and when thjey awoke, after morning ablutions, they "cast about for their clothing. They could find but few articles. Mr. Cotterill proposed a "good morn ing" to the major "But when he got there the cupboard was bare." By way of diverting thought and salv ing his feelings he declared: "We'll at least have a smoke, Major." But there were no smokes on the smoking table. It, too, was bare. Not even match, match tray, or ash receiver remained. Thereupon Mr. Cotterill rubbed his eyes and begun anlnventory to see what had happened. , His apartment was not bare, but It was nearly so. Art works, brtc-a-brac hi sfavorlte walking stick, as well as the major's; umbrellas, some trinkets, and most everything but the furniture was gone. Even the light repast laid over from the night before was missing. Mr. Cot terill decided to dress hurriedly and In vestigate, but on Investigation he found there was nothing to dress with. Mr. Cotterill tottered to the telephone and called for assistance. Finally with apparel furnished by kindly rescuers Mr, Cotterill and the major escaped to the club. Identifies Propety. Mr. Cotterill called at Police Head quarters this morning and Identified Borne of the things taken from Bow den's room as his own. They wero mostly of minor value, however. Aside from the articles from the Cot terill apartment, Bowden. had In his collection articles. stolen from the' home of Eugene C. Helsley at 1526 Q street northwest on May 25 last, Including a violin. Property stolen from the home of George W. Taylor. ims p .tr.At northwest, June 6, was also Identified. It Is believed by the police that Bow den has been operating ovor the entire northwest for months. Many house breaking and attempted housebreakings were similar In character. In many of them admittance was obtained by re moving screens. Bowden Is already charged with the Cotterill, Taylor, Hels ley, and Tennllle robberies. President Taft Gets Hanford Resignation President Taft today received the resignation of District Judge Cornelius Hanford, of Seattle, Wash., but he will take no action on It until the return of the Investigating committee which went West to probe Into charges against the jurist. The fight on Judge Hanford was start ed by Congressman Victor Berger of Wisconsin, who charged that he refused to grant cljlzenshlp papers to an appli cant who was a Socialist. A number of other charges were filed against the judge, and he resigned be fore sthe Senatorial Investigators could finish their probe. He gave as his rea son for retirement the fact that his long service on the bench had made it Im perative that he seek reBt and seclusion. Boston Sees Finish Of Street Car Strike BOSTON, Mbbs., July 27.-A mass meeting of the elevated railroad striking car men tonight In Faneull Hall and a meeting of the road's board of directors 51. ?lly are expected to mark the official end of the can strike which has been in nrmrrAoM fnr s.v.ti wa.kii In tthls city. BANK CLERK, SHORT, ' $25,000, CONFESSES HE FORGED NOTES - 1 Spurious Paper So Well Executed Ofiicials Are Deceived Institution Will Not Lose by Embezzlement. Bank Is Protected, Say Officials 0 The officers of the Commercial National Bank dis covered, some weeks ago, that forged notes aggregat ing $24,688.75 had been taken over from the assets of the National City Bank, the forgeries having been re peated, from time to time, as the notes matured, by a former employe of that bank, whoJiad subsequent" be come (but is no longer) an employe of the Commercial National Bank. The Commercial National Bank is practically fully protected by its fidu j bonds. Statement by oi-als of the Commercial National Bank. DEFAULTER'S COUNSEL SEEKS TO PREVENT PROSECUTION Confession of a former employe of the Commercial National Bank that he forged notes aggregating nearly $26,000, and embezzled that amount by manipulation of the spurious paper, caused a sensation lu banking circles today. Negotiations are now pending between counsel for tho bank and tho defaulter. No complaints have been filed pending the outcome of the efforts out of-court V 'i,S Qwing to tho fact th'at, the- eajploye-'iir under heavy bond, the bank fegicials-say theJns"tWtlpn will" JqseYsitMlng.-fS '" vS" UiD. LONGER EMPLOYED BkANK. i j. The accused man has not been em ployed ,at ,jh67 Commercial. National Sank for some time, having left' the Institution shortly after the discovery of his peculations and confession to the bank officials. It is said that he is now working In a suburb ot Washington. At torney A, S. Worthlngton, his counsel, disclaims any knowledge of his where abouts. According to the story alleged to have been told by the bank employs to the bank officials he lost the money he took from the lntsltutlon by speculating la Walt street. He Is alleged to have stat ed that he became desperate In his ef fort to retrieve his losses In stock gamb ling and continued his manipulation of bogus notes until they got beyond his control. Becomes Deeply Involved. While, It Is stated, that the operations of, the employe were discovered by ac cident his scheme would not have passed the scrutiny of the bank ex aminers much longer, as he was slow ly becoming enmeshed. The accused employe went to the Commercial National Bank with sev eral other clerks when the National City Bank was merged with that insti tution. He is said to have taken with htm much forged paper and to have put it on deposit without the slightest suspicion being raised. The spurious notes passed the rigid examination of the committees that looked over the transferred collateral, but the forgeries were so nearly perfect that no question was raised. In executing the forged notes the ac cused employe is said to have used the namos oi firms and individuals over whose credit there could not be any nnihie dlsDUte. The BWmatures used on the notes were almost identical with the genuine autographr( it Is said, and ehowed remarkable skill on the part of the forger. , ,. .... As a means or avoiaing aciecuon iue forger had a scheme of substituting now bogus notes for thdse that weie about to mature. Anticipating that notice would be sent to the firms and individuals whose names were Blgned to them, tn? rorger is auegea xo nave taken them out about ten days before they were due. Forgery Is Discovered, The addition of "and $ per cent in terest" to one of tho noteB first caused B'nsnlclon and led to the discovery of the other fprgerles and the subsequent confession of tQe employe. Tha turn purporting to give the note was In the habit of having Its notes dis counted, that is having the Interest taken out at the time the loan was made. This irregularity resulted in an Investigation and only an inquiry of the firm members disclosed the fact that -the note was a forgery. In the forgeries the signature and private "Initialing" of A. G. Clapham. the president of the bank, were fre quently UBed, but no suspicion was raised. The forgery is said to have been almost perfect. The notos bearing the president's name wero examined a number of times by other bank em ployes and officials, but the signature was never questioned or even open to doubt. Assistant United States Attorney Reginald 8. Huldekoper, acting Dis trict Attorney, today denied that any complaint had been made agalnBt the former employe. He also denied that any investigation is being noado of the forgeries. It Is not known whether the bank officials entered a complaint with Dis trict Attorney -Clarence IU. Wilson be fore he sailed for Europe but 'If they did there Is no record of It in the Gov ernment prosecutor's office. There Is a possibility of tho District Attorney hav Ing some record' ot the forgeries In his private vauu. While the confessed forger has not been placed under arrest It Is under stood that he has been under strict surveilance. and that his attorney has assured those concerned that ho will make no effort to escape, There Is rumor that prosecution will be held with the United States Attorney's Office of the counsel to settle the matter r up until District Attorney Wilson 're turns from: abroad. J t,ia not within the power of the bank officials to halt prosecution should the District Attorney Insist, although there would bo Borne difficulty in securing a conviction. Bank Will Not Lose. Said one of the officials of the Com mercial National Bank: "Every forgery, every robbery by an employe of a bank discloses some new trick of the crook. The banker must trust his employes and If they are 'not honest they will find a vay to cover their tracks for periods of time. In the end discovery always comes. "The bank therefore must protect It self against these chances and the Com mercial National Is fully protected hv fidelity bonds, so that not one cent of loss' accrues to us. The bank. In com mon with other fiscal Institutions, bonds all of Its employes and officials, tak ing no chances whatever. We have done nothing but put the matter up to the three bonding 'corporations In which this young man was bonded and we will be fully reimbursed for the for geries." Accused Man Missing. A. S. Worthlngton, counsel for the accused bank employe, stated today that he does not know the whereabouts of his client He declined to make any statement in behalf of the accused, say ing that as jet there Is nothing to be announced. Mr. Worthlngton and Attorney J. J. Darlington, the latter representing the bank, are negotiating a settlement of me claims against tne rormer clerk. friends and relatives making a vigorous enorc to prevent nis er attorney would ot the matter today, elth this phase Tne attorney intimatea tnat later a statement may be Issued In behalf of the accused man. Under- Personal Bond For Slapping Boy Mrs. Theresa Lombard I, a pretty young Italian, was the principal in the only "neighborhood quarrel" Case tried before Judge Pugh. In the United States branch of tho Police Court today, and on being adjudged guilty of slapping a three-year-old son of William C. Frlere on the face because, as she alleged, the Frlere child hit her little boy, was re leased on her personal bonds to keep the peace. During the trial of the case Attorney aucnaei juangan, counsel lor Mrs. urn bardl. objected to Frlere's testimony of what the witness had heard other peo ple say of the alleged assault. . "What right has this man objecting He wasn't 'there, your honor." shouted Frlere. whereupon tho bailiffs of the court had to rap for order. 1 IN CONGRESS TODAY. SENATE. Senate met at noon. Democrats of Finance Committee ore sent sugar measure. r Sugar bill taken up and measure will be passed today. Alabama young woman wants Senate to send her a "nice" name. Senator Bourne presents Postofflce Committee report on Postofflce appro priation bill. HOUSE. House met at noon. Consideration of general deficiency ap propriation bill resumed. Wool bill referred to Ways and Means Committee. Interstate and Foreign Commerce Com mittee continued hearings on Brous Fard bill. Fifty more Democrats signed petition for another battleship caucus. Congresman Gardner of Massachusetts declared Roosevelt's trust views coin cided with those of minority of the Steel committee, but served notion that minority had first promulgated them. REPUBLICANS . ;" WILL REDUCE Bill Cutting, Oh Differentials and Dutch Standard Ex- pected Today. TAFT MAY yETO, TOO RADICAL ACT House . to Insist on Lowering of Schedule After Senate Passes ' Legislation. ' . Passage by the Senate of a sugar bill which will strike out the dif ferential and1 tho Dutch standard and materially reduce duties, 1b expected in the course of the' day. Thursday, a combination of pro gressives and Democrats in the Sen ate passed the La Follette wool bill. Yesterday, the same combination passed the excise bill. Today, the indications are that a measure to lower sugar duties will bo passed by agreement among tho Republicans, Should the legislation which the Senate Is likely to pass today be come law, it will strike a hard -blow at the sugar combine in 'this country. May Veto Bill. The striking out of the differential and the Dutch standard alone will hurt the companies, which have fattened on these two features of the present 4a w. But whether President. Taft will let such a bill .go through Is another aues- J'tkm. DUTY 0 R it a KeDUtnican bin in mucned Ana" ..?i - w ... . - -t rnmnrAilt -tnt f.AnPaMiaAii ttvitt)t n "S I course, 'sign It, But. even If theSen ate passes a Republican bllWthe' House will insist on a measure much lower. and that would probably mean a veto. The exact figure at which the duty will be placed today IS a matter of dif ference of opinion. The Democratic b.111 would strike out the differential and Dutch standard and cut duties a third. The bill reported by the Regular Re publicans from the Finance Committee would abolish the differential and Dutch standard, anu not lower duties. A bill which would abolish both these features and put the duty at about $1.60 la being discussed among the Republic ans, regular and Insurgent, with a view to agreement. May Reach Agreement Such an agreement was near to ac complishment today, but was not en tirely perfected, Should It fall through then the Democrats and Progressives fwlll doubtless make another alliance and pass a bill. In Its report In favor of the sugar bill favored by the Democratic mem bers of the Finance Committee and filed in the Senate today, the minority of the committee decrare the abolition of the Dutch standard and the 'dif ferential "will strike a serious blow against one of the great American trusts, which has not been scrupulous either In its dealings with the Gov ernment or with the people. "We do not believe that the reduc tion of duties which we propose will seriously disturb any legitimate and fair business. We think the only ef fect will be to reduce excessive and ' undue profits made by sugar beet factories, some of which have been enormous, while cheaXng the prod uct to the household. Reduces Duty One-Thirl. The sugar bill proposed by the minor ity of the Finance Committee Is not a free sugar bill. On the contrary It re duces tho duty one-third and cuts out the Dutch standard and the differential. The report of the minority la a de fense of it8 bill. "We have not felt t waa safe," say the Democratic Senators, 'to surrender fifty millions of revenuo at one swoop by putting sugar and sugar cane and sugar beet products upon the free list." The discussion of the sugar bill wus begun shortly after ' the Senate con vened today at noon. Senator Lodf.e led In the discussion and attacked the House fr.ie sugar bill. The Republican attack on the sugar bill was led by Senator Dodge of, Mas sachusetts. He declared that the well considered opinion of the world . held that a nation should be Independent in the production of sugar, and asserted that with a few more years of protec tion the United States would be in this position. "Every civilised nation today Imposes a tax on sugar," Lodge asserted. "The tax is paid largely by those best able to pay, because they are the purchas ers of tho many articles ot luxury Into the composition of which sugar enters. Seeking Only Votes. "Contrary to the general view "of all economists and of all civilized nations, the House has thought It judicious to take sugar from the list as a revenue producer. The theory of free sugar as embodied in the House bill, If they had a theory extending beyond the col lection of votes, would appear to have been that If the sugar duty were re moved, the entire benefit would come to the consumer." The Massachusetts Senator asserted, that If left to develop unhindered by tariff agitation, the domestic sugar sup ply would shprtly supply Americans with all of the $100,000,000 worth of the product now Imported. This was what refiners feared, he said, and it waa for that reason that they want free sugar, so that the home producing industry would bo ruined. . To Probe Death. MELBOURNE. Australia, July Z7. An Inquest was ordered todav on former Gov. W. A. Richards of Wyo ming, who died yesterday on a land seeking expedition. Undoubtedly death was due to heart disease, but as It was sudden an autopsy Is deemed ds aliabli. . V S ;.