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The Washington times. [volume] (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, July 27, 1912, FINAL EDITION, Image 1

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Anal Edition
Fair ronigrt
and Sunday.
W Market Ct4a Crices,
Yesterday's Circulation, 48,850., WASHINGTON, SATUBDAY JBVENING-, JTJpT 27, 1012?
- Efoteen Paes
( IT (
t&rce waaiTiauiTi toura?
Exposure Has Called Atten-
tion to Vicious Measure,
He Declares.
Publicity Gives New Turn to Re
markable Situation In
Hearings on tho bills that look to
tho emasculation of tho interstate
commcrco law and the withdrawal
' of all final authority from tho Inter
state Commerco Commission, wero
continued today before tho House In
'teratato Commerce Committee. Tho
r greatest interest has been aroused,
1 in these measures, by reason of tho
expose of their real character and
purpose, published in The Times yes
terday. It is now stated by the people who
are opposing these measures, that
there is no seriQus danger that any
one of them will pass, at this ses
sion; but. this view Is by no means
acquiesced la by their supporters.
Denies Authorship.
Luther iwelter, the tap-line railroad
lawyer, 'who Is .regarded as the author
of the -Borland bill, assures The Times
that he had nothing to do with the
authorshlp'of the Saunders and Brous
sard measures. He refers them to John
B. Dalah, a well-known, and expert in-
terstate' commerce lawyer of1 this city,
;wliora,l regards as their'author.
Mr. rvjralter admits that both these
..bills 'ara, danwroprin::.ithe extreme,!
' but insists that the Borland hill Is all
right, that it gives a measure of re
lief for 1thek shipper that he Is estltled
.(to enjoy; and that It Is going to pass.
On. this point Congressman Sims of
Tennessee, a member of the Interstate
Commerce Committee, and the original
discoverer of the Joker In the three
hills now so much in the limelight,
sharply disagrees.
Judge Sims declares that there Is no
danger of any of these measures pass
ing, simply because their real character
and Intent has been found out and
made clear. On this point Tie is rein
forced by the opinion of interstate Com
merce Commission of flclals,i who, after a
period of serious worry, have become
convinced that Congress can be relied
upon to make no such startling change
of policy.
A most remarkable situation has been
developed as a result of the publicity
given these measures. Ever since its
creation the Court of Commerce has
teen reaching out for the final authority
over all acts of the Interstate Com
mission. It has reversed the commis
sion so many times, and in such extra-
nrrtlnnrv -nravH that it has lost the con
fidence of Congress and the public to
such an extent that one branch of Con
gress has taken steps for abolition of
the court. That It will continue beyond
another Congress, Is almosT universally
bslieved Impossible.
Tet at the very time when tho Com
merce Court is at such a low ebb of
popularity and pffbllo confidence, It Is
proposed to turn over to it, by legisla
tive act, the very powers It iisb been
seeking, and which the Supremo Court
has specifically declined to grant it under
existing law. Of course. It would be pos-
slble for Congress to do this. The Su
preme Court has simply been construing
the law as It stands. If the law wero
so changed as to give these great pow
ers to the Commerce Court, the Supreme
Oaurt could not prevent.
Sims' Views.
Concerning the effect of such legisla
tion, Judge Sims today said to Tho
"Under the Interstate Commerce law
passed In 1906 and amended by the act
of June, 1910, no question can be made
In any court against an order of the
Interstate Commerce Commission, ex
cept by a railroad that has been ord
'ered by the commission to either do
some particular thing it was not doing
or desist from doing something it was
then doing.
"In order to test the validity of any
. such order the railroad had to bring
an original suit to stay, annul, suspend
or enjoin tho order and no suit for such
a purpose could be brought except dele
gated to It by Congress or that the
order had exceeded the powers dele
gated to it by Pongress or that the
order was In effect confiscatory of the
railroad's property and violative of the
fifth amendment to the Constitution. If
(Continued on Second Page.)
Fair torilght and Sunday; little change
in temperature.
8 a. m ,.... 6S I 8 a. m 73
a. m 71 J 9 a. m 77
10 a. m 73 I 10 a. m SO
11 a. m 74 I U a. m 81
12 noon 75 12 -noon SO
1 p. m 76 I 1 p. m 89
3 p. m..... 77 2 p. m 93
Today High tide 6:38SS8 a. m and 1:28
p. m.
Tomorrow High tide. 7:22 a.
m. and
and 2:18
8 p. m,
P. m.
iow uae, i:si
Boa rises 4:66 Sun sets 7;17
Situation in SlrikeKWar in
West Virginia
Thrqe cowpMiles off Militia are
Beat from Mt Gretna io stop
OBOflosoR reported to have beea
Wiled In the fighting.'
Gaards and backwoodsmen la'
guerrilla narfaro la bcavlljv
wooded section.
Private detectives Bald to havo la
' Blltatcd repreB8lT0 'neasares la
order to obtain order.
State troops handicapped by lack
of knowledge of geography of
Better class of cIUschs believe.
BilUtlanea Trill be able tovead
tho fighting.
Residents of Southeast Sec
tion Say Relief Is
The Commissioners have received
from residents of southeast "Washington
a peUtlon asking that immediate steps
be taken for the removal of the garbage
cars from the tracks at New Jersey and
Virginia avenues southeast.
The odor from tho cars, it Is said. Is
so offensive as to prohibit residents of
that section from sitting out of doors
in the evening. The suggesUon Is made
that the cars be loaded on the siding
adjacent to the garbage yard at the cor
ner of New Jersey avenue and I Btreet
Investigation of tho complaint was
made by J. W. Paxton. superintendent
of street cleaning. In his1 report to the
Commissioners Superintendent Paxton
says it'is his opinion that the Washing
ton .Fertiliser Company, which Jias the
contract for the removal of the garbage
and ttho,. railroad, company ,are doing-all
they catT'to transfer ..the4 garbage cars
putslde 'theJJIs.trJctwtthJtha,, least -lm
.convenience toAthepubflc. ' .
in ah endeavor to 'Vetnedy conditions
of which complaint Is, made, the Com
missioners included In their last annual
estimates hn appropriation of $10,000 for
the Investigation and adoption of Im
proved methods for the collection ami
disposal of garbage, but so far Congress
has not seen fit to make such an appro
Young Woman In Alabama Asks
for' Nice One to Replace
Her Own.
From a young woman living in
Alabama there came to tho Secretary
of the Senate today a letter ad
dressed: "Ligealater, "Washington, D. C."
The missive read:
"Deer Sirs I will ask a favor of
you if you Please 1 don't like' my
name and decided to ask the legis
lature for the favor of sending me a
nieo name 1 am, a young lady of 17
years of age. Please do your b.est
in selecting a real nice name. I will
pay the cost so let me hear from you
by return mail."
"My former.name is Rundles.
"Your respect,
Man Who Escaped From Denver
Colony Cannot' Find a
The Solicitor of tho Treasury is today
wrestling with the problem of what
to do with a leper who escaped from a
Denver colony and turned up at San
Franojsco. The leper Is known under
the names of C. W. Parson, and C. W.
The Colorado health officials don't
want to take him back. The California
officials want to get rd of him. They
say he belongs In Texas, Texas doesn't
want him either.
The solicitor will decide whether under
the optional Federal regulation he shall
be returned to nn of these States or
"Igned to a Federal quarantine sta
tion. Either course under the law may
be pursued.
Change for Col. Allen.
Col. Samuel E. Allen, Coast Artillery
Corps, Is relieved from the command
of the artillery district of Pensacola
and of the post of Fort Barrancas,
Fla., and. on September 1 will c6me to
Fort Washington, Md., and assume
command of that post and of the ar
tillery district of the Potomac.
Dozen Fighters Said to Be
Killed In West
Backwoodsmen Most Desperate In
Battle With Guards of
Coal Company.
CHARLESTOWN, W. Va. July 27.
Throe companies of State militia
from Mt. Gretna, Pa., arrived by
special tfain today and marched on
the Paint Creek mining section,
whore a dozen men are reported to
have been killed in fighting between
Baldwin detectives and striking coal
minors. No complete fatality returns
were available today, but a mining
official fresh from the scene of the
trouble said:
"Hades has broken loose. We hope
the soldiers will put a stop to it"
Guards Blamed.
The official refused to discuss the
pfltuatlon further. The private guards
of the mining companies are believed
to have instituted repressive measures.
The known dead are William Stringer
and Gus Plnson, private guards. William
Phaup', chief of tho Baldwin detectives,
is at Sheltering Arms Hospital with bul
let wounds In both arms. He will re
The" miners' losses In yesterday's
fighting around Mucklow are not known.
Adjutant General Elliott and twenty-five
men. of Company C, are encamped near
Mutklowr but the teHtoryyls tosfjargi
forlh.em." 'f .f-'D '
Fora distance' or tweivefmUss around
Uwmouth-of iPaintCreelc'thentcriof
one large company's operations, the' In
habitants are said to have lapsed Into
a state of primitive savagery, spurred Pn
W the depreciations oi me. private
guards. Frightful stories of attacks on
defenseless women and raids on homes
reached here.
Was On Guard.
That more than two men were killed
on both sides was considered certain by
men who came out of the troubled re
gion today. They said the back woods
men had joined with the strikers In
the war upon the private guards.
Every ravlno affords means for &
deadly ambush. The militiamen, un
familiar with, the ground, unacquainted
with the guerilla warfare of the back
woodsmen, cannot hope to cope with the
situation except In large numbers.
Six hundred miners and hlllsmen
fought against several hundred private
guards in the engagement near Muck
low yesterday. More than 3,000 rounds
were fired. The miners are desperately
Soor irom three months striking for
Igher wages and better working con
ditions. Their attack centered on the
company's stores. The outcome of the
fighting Is not known In Charles Town.
Communication with the Paint Creek
potion is possible only by foot, all- wires
being down. Travelers Into the Interior
take their lives in their own hands.
That the fighting waa renewed today
was considered certain. The frantic
call for State troops made by the mine
owners was interpreted here as meaning
that the miners more than held their
own In previous engagements.
Prohibition Divides
Texas Voters Today
AUSTIN, Tex., July 27. Tcxans to
day are struggling with a five-foot pri
mary election ballot, in the State-wide
primaries for the nomination of a full
State and legislative ticket and a pref
erence vote on United States Senator.
The contest over the entire ticket is
divided on prohibition lines.
Jacob Wolters, antl-prohlbltlonist, and
Congressman .Morris Shepard, dry. are
the candidates for the Senatorshlp to
silcceed Joseph W. Bailey, who is not
a candidate for re-election.
Governor Colquitt, antt-prohlbitlon,
and William Ramsay are the contest
ants for the governorship. Indications
are that coiquiu win be renominated,
Tho race between Shepard and Wolters
is very cIobo.
Senate Increases Postal '
Appropriation $3,373,231
Chairman Bourne, of thevSenate Plst
offlce Committee, filed today his report
on the postofflce bill. It shows an "ap
parent" Increase, according to the re
port, of $10,762,201 over the amount car
ried by the House bill.
The main Items of increase are $2,
698,000 for the recommended restoration
of magazines and periodicals to mall
trains, where now sent by freight, and
13.625.000 to oover the cost of the Sen
ate amendment, if "adopted, raising- the
pay of rural carriers.
The report sayB ,that, although the
House bill expressly appropriates $2flft
866,190, It contains legislation authoriz
ing the expenditures of $267,753,099. so
that In reality the recommended Senate
Increase over the House bill is only
Queen to Hurry Home.
LONDON, July 27. Informed by tele
graph of the serious Illness of her son,
little Prince Jaime, tho Queen of Spain,
who Is visiting In England, canceled
plans for a trip to the Isle of Wight
today and will probably leave tomorrow
for Madrid.
Colored .Man Accused
Breaking , Into, Many
Capital Homes.
Police Believe He mmitted
Many Robberies In Last
Few Months.
After a soarch of more than, a year,
tho police have arrested, a mai they
belioYe to be the "fastidious thltif"
suspected, of a long series of rob
beries in tho best section of Wash
ington ,,and "who ko.pt the police on
the1 Jump week In" and week out
Already, four cases of housebreak
ing and. robbery have been directly,
charged, to him, and the pollco are
working in several more. This man
is Claude Bowden, colored, nineteen
years' old, of 1623 Kingman place
For many months tho police, have
been baffled by a long series of
housebreakings, by a thief who bad
a penchant for art works, bric-a-brac,
expensive clothing, and fastid
ious walking sticks.
Found In Pawnshop.
Bowden was picked up in a pawnshop
two days ago by headquarters Detective
Cox as he was trying to dispose of a
heavy gold watch Chain, which was
later Identified as the property of Wll;
nam D. Tennllle, 1009 O street north
west On the night of. July 10, the
home ot Mr. Tennllle was entered
through the
front (loam And a mmta
'coat .watch
f-AWu-tair? . H.to4,'".
articles stolen." H
f-""- ,-. .., M V..l AS
Detectives searched Bowden's room on
Kingman place wliere they foundsome
of the art works and bric-a-brac stolen
from the home of Charles A. Cotter
Ill, Washington newspaper man, on the
night of January 23 last Mr. Cotter
Ill had as his house guest that night
Major H. W. Carpenter, retired, of the
Marino Corps. Mr. Cottedll and the
major retired late, and when thjey
awoke, after morning ablutions, they
"cast about for their clothing. They
could find but few articles.
Mr. Cotterill proposed a "good morn
ing" to the major "But when he got
there the cupboard was bare."
By way of diverting thought and salv
ing his feelings he declared: "We'll at
least have a smoke, Major." But there
were no smokes on the smoking table.
It, too, was bare. Not even match,
match tray, or ash receiver remained.
Thereupon Mr. Cotterill rubbed his eyes
and begun anlnventory to see what
had happened. ,
His apartment was not bare, but It
was nearly so. Art works, brtc-a-brac
hi sfavorlte walking stick, as well as
the major's; umbrellas, some trinkets,
and most everything but the furniture
was gone.
Even the light repast laid over from
the night before was missing. Mr. Cot
terill decided to dress hurriedly and In
vestigate, but on Investigation he found
there was nothing to dress with.
Mr. Cotterill tottered to the telephone
and called for assistance. Finally with
apparel furnished by kindly rescuers
Mr, Cotterill and the major escaped to
the club.
Identifies Propety.
Mr. Cotterill called at Police Head
quarters this morning and Identified
Borne of the things taken from Bow
den's room as his own. They wero
mostly of minor value, however.
Aside from the articles from the Cot
terill apartment, Bowden. had In his
collection articles. stolen from the' home
of Eugene C. Helsley at 1526 Q street
northwest on May 25 last, Including a
violin. Property stolen from the home
of George W. Taylor. ims p .tr.At
northwest, June 6, was also Identified.
It Is believed by the police that Bow
den has been operating ovor the entire
northwest for months. Many house
breaking and attempted housebreakings
were similar In character. In many of
them admittance was obtained by re
moving screens. Bowden Is already
charged with the Cotterill, Taylor, Hels
ley, and Tennllle robberies.
President Taft Gets
Hanford Resignation
President Taft today received the
resignation of District Judge Cornelius
Hanford, of Seattle, Wash., but he will
take no action on It until the return of
the Investigating committee which went
West to probe Into charges against the
The fight on Judge Hanford was start
ed by Congressman Victor Berger of
Wisconsin, who charged that he refused
to grant cljlzenshlp papers to an appli
cant who was a Socialist.
A number of other charges were filed
against the judge, and he resigned be
fore sthe Senatorial Investigators could
finish their probe. He gave as his rea
son for retirement the fact that his long
service on the bench had made it Im
perative that he seek reBt and seclusion.
Boston Sees Finish
Of Street Car Strike
BOSTON, Mbbs., July 27.-A mass
meeting of the elevated railroad striking
car men tonight In Faneull Hall and a
meeting of the road's board of directors
51. ?lly are expected to mark the
official end of the can strike which has
been in nrmrrAoM fnr s.v.ti wa.kii In
tthls city.
' $25,000, CONFESSES
- 1
Spurious Paper So Well Executed Ofiicials
Are Deceived Institution Will Not
Lose by Embezzlement.
Bank Is Protected, Say Officials
The officers of the Commercial National Bank dis
covered, some weeks ago, that forged notes aggregat
ing $24,688.75 had been taken over from the assets of
the National City Bank, the forgeries having been re
peated, from time to time, as the notes matured, by a
former employe of that bank, whoJiad subsequent" be
come (but is no longer) an employe of the Commercial
National Bank.
The Commercial National Bank is practically fully
protected by its fidu j bonds. Statement by oi-als
of the Commercial National Bank.
Confession of a former employe of the Commercial National Bank
that he forged notes aggregating nearly $26,000, and embezzled that
amount by manipulation of the spurious paper, caused a sensation lu
banking circles today. Negotiations are now pending between counsel
for tho bank and tho defaulter.
No complaints have been filed
pending the outcome of the efforts
out of-court
Qwing to tho fact th'at, the- eajploye-'iir under heavy bond, the bank
fegicials-say theJns"tWtlpn will" JqseYsitMlng.-fS '" vS"
The accused man has not been em
ployed ,at ,jh67 Commercial. National
Sank for some time, having left' the
Institution shortly after the discovery
of his peculations and confession to the
bank officials. It is said that he is now
working In a suburb ot Washington. At
torney A, S. Worthlngton, his counsel,
disclaims any knowledge of his where
abouts. According to the story alleged to have
been told by the bank employs to the
bank officials he lost the money he took
from the lntsltutlon by speculating la
Walt street. He Is alleged to have stat
ed that he became desperate In his ef
fort to retrieve his losses In stock gamb
ling and continued his manipulation of
bogus notes until they got beyond his
Becomes Deeply Involved.
While, It Is stated, that the operations
of, the employe were discovered by ac
cident his scheme would not have
passed the scrutiny of the bank ex
aminers much longer, as he was slow
ly becoming enmeshed.
The accused employe went to the
Commercial National Bank with sev
eral other clerks when the National
City Bank was merged with that insti
tution. He is said to have taken with
htm much forged paper and to have
put it on deposit without the slightest
suspicion being raised. The spurious
notes passed the rigid examination of
the committees that looked over the
transferred collateral, but the forgeries
were so nearly perfect that no question
was raised.
In executing the forged notes the ac
cused employe is said to have used the
namos oi firms and individuals over
whose credit there could not be any
nnihie dlsDUte. The BWmatures used
on the notes were almost identical with
the genuine autographr( it Is said, and
ehowed remarkable skill on the part of
the forger. , ,. ....
As a means or avoiaing aciecuon iue
forger had a scheme of substituting
now bogus notes for thdse that weie
about to mature. Anticipating that
notice would be sent to the firms and
individuals whose names were Blgned to
them, tn? rorger is auegea xo nave
taken them out about ten days before
they were due.
Forgery Is Discovered,
The addition of "and $ per cent in
terest" to one of tho noteB first caused
B'nsnlclon and led to the discovery of
the other fprgerles and the subsequent
confession of tQe employe. Tha turn
purporting to give the note was In
the habit of having Its notes dis
counted, that is having the Interest
taken out at the time the loan was
made. This irregularity resulted in
an Investigation and only an inquiry
of the firm members disclosed the
fact that -the note was a forgery.
In the forgeries the signature and
private "Initialing" of A. G. Clapham.
the president of the bank, were fre
quently UBed, but no suspicion was
raised. The forgery is said to have
been almost perfect. The notos bearing
the president's name wero examined a
number of times by other bank em
ployes and officials, but the signature
was never questioned or even open to
Assistant United States Attorney
Reginald 8. Huldekoper, acting Dis
trict Attorney, today denied that any
complaint had been made agalnBt the
former employe. He also denied that
any investigation is being noado of
the forgeries.
It Is not known whether the bank
officials entered a complaint with Dis
trict Attorney -Clarence IU. Wilson be
fore he sailed for Europe but 'If they
did there Is no record of It in the Gov
ernment prosecutor's office. There Is a
possibility of tho District Attorney hav
Ing some record' ot the forgeries In his
private vauu.
While the confessed forger has not
been placed under arrest It Is under
stood that he has been under strict
surveilance. and that his attorney has
assured those concerned that ho will
make no effort to escape, There Is
rumor that prosecution will be held
with the United States Attorney's Office
of the counsel to settle the matter
up until District Attorney Wilson 're
turns from: abroad.
J t,ia not within the power of the bank
officials to halt prosecution should the
District Attorney Insist, although there
would bo Borne difficulty in securing a
Bank Will Not Lose.
Said one of the officials of the Com
mercial National Bank: "Every forgery,
every robbery by an employe of a bank
discloses some new trick of the crook.
The banker must trust his employes
and If they are 'not honest they will find
a vay to cover their tracks for periods
of time. In the end discovery always
"The bank therefore must protect It
self against these chances and the Com
mercial National Is fully protected hv
fidelity bonds, so that not one cent of
loss' accrues to us. The bank. In com
mon with other fiscal Institutions, bonds
all of Its employes and officials, tak
ing no chances whatever. We have
done nothing but put the matter up to
the three bonding 'corporations In which
this young man was bonded and we
will be fully reimbursed for the for
geries." Accused Man Missing.
A. S. Worthlngton, counsel for the
accused bank employe, stated today that
he does not know the whereabouts of
his client He declined to make any
statement in behalf of the accused, say
ing that as jet there Is nothing to be
Mr. Worthlngton and Attorney J. J.
Darlington, the latter representing the
bank, are negotiating a settlement of
me claims against tne rormer clerk.
friends and relatives making a vigorous
enorc to prevent nis
er attorney would
ot the matter today,
this phase
Tne attorney intimatea tnat later a
statement may be Issued In behalf of
the accused man.
Under- Personal Bond
For Slapping Boy
Mrs. Theresa Lombard I, a pretty
young Italian, was the principal in the
only "neighborhood quarrel" Case tried
before Judge Pugh. In the United States
branch of tho Police Court today, and
on being adjudged guilty of slapping a
three-year-old son of William C. Frlere
on the face because, as she alleged, the
Frlere child hit her little boy, was re
leased on her personal bonds to keep
the peace.
During the trial of the case Attorney
aucnaei juangan, counsel lor Mrs. urn
bardl. objected to Frlere's testimony of
what the witness had heard other peo
ple say of the alleged assault. .
"What right has this man objecting
He wasn't 'there, your honor." shouted
Frlere. whereupon tho bailiffs of the
court had to rap for order.
Senate met at noon.
Democrats of Finance Committee ore
sent sugar measure. r
Sugar bill taken up and measure will
be passed today.
Alabama young woman wants Senate
to send her a "nice" name.
Senator Bourne presents Postofflce
Committee report on Postofflce appro
priation bill.
House met at noon.
Consideration of general deficiency ap
propriation bill resumed.
Wool bill referred to Ways and Means
Interstate and Foreign Commerce Com
mittee continued hearings on Brous
Fard bill.
Fifty more Democrats signed petition
for another battleship caucus.
Congresman Gardner of Massachusetts
declared Roosevelt's trust views coin
cided with those of minority of the
Steel committee, but served notion
that minority had first promulgated
Bill Cutting, Oh Differentials
and Dutch Standard Ex-
pected Today.
House . to Insist on Lowering of
Schedule After Senate Passes '
Legislation. ' .
Passage by the Senate of a sugar
bill which will strike out the dif
ferential and1 tho Dutch standard and
materially reduce duties, 1b expected
in the course of the' day.
Thursday, a combination of pro
gressives and Democrats in the Sen
ate passed the La Follette wool bill.
Yesterday, the same combination
passed the excise bill. Today, the
indications are that a measure to
lower sugar duties will bo passed by
agreement among tho Republicans,
Should the legislation which the
Senate Is likely to pass today be
come law, it will strike a hard -blow
at the sugar combine in 'this
May Veto Bill.
The striking out of the differential
and the Dutch standard alone will hurt
the companies, which have fattened on
these two features of the present 4a w.
But whether President. Taft will let
such a bill .go through Is another aues-
it a KeDUtnican bin in mucned Ana" ..?i
- w ... . - -t
rnmnrAilt -tnt f.AnPaMiaAii ttvitt)t n "S I
course, 'sign It, But. even If theSen
ate passes a Republican bllWthe' House
will insist on a measure much lower.
and that would probably mean a veto.
The exact figure at which the duty
will be placed today IS a matter of dif
ference of opinion. The Democratic b.111
would strike out the differential and
Dutch standard and cut duties a third.
The bill reported by the Regular Re
publicans from the Finance Committee
would abolish the differential and
Dutch standard, anu not lower duties.
A bill which would abolish both these
features and put the duty at about $1.60
la being discussed among the Republic
ans, regular and Insurgent, with a view
to agreement.
May Reach Agreement
Such an agreement was near to ac
complishment today, but was not en
tirely perfected, Should It fall through
then the Democrats and Progressives
fwlll doubtless make another alliance
and pass a bill.
In Its report In favor of the sugar
bill favored by the Democratic mem
bers of the Finance Committee and
filed in the Senate today, the minority
of the committee decrare the abolition
of the Dutch standard and the 'dif
ferential "will strike a serious blow
against one of the great American
trusts, which has not been scrupulous
either In its dealings with the Gov
ernment or with the people.
"We do not believe that the reduc
tion of duties which we propose will
seriously disturb any legitimate and
fair business. We think the only ef
fect will be to reduce excessive and '
undue profits made by sugar beet
factories, some of which have been
enormous, while cheaXng the prod
uct to the household.
Reduces Duty One-Thirl.
The sugar bill proposed by the minor
ity of the Finance Committee Is not a
free sugar bill. On the contrary It re
duces tho duty one-third and cuts out
the Dutch standard and the differential.
The report of the minority la a de
fense of it8 bill. "We have not felt t
waa safe," say the Democratic Senators,
'to surrender fifty millions of revenuo
at one swoop by putting sugar and
sugar cane and sugar beet products
upon the free list."
The discussion of the sugar bill wus
begun shortly after ' the Senate con
vened today at noon. Senator Lodf.e
led In the discussion and attacked the
House fr.ie sugar bill.
The Republican attack on the sugar
bill was led by Senator Dodge of, Mas
sachusetts. He declared that the well
considered opinion of the world . held
that a nation should be Independent in
the production of sugar, and asserted
that with a few more years of protec
tion the United States would be in this
"Every civilised nation today Imposes
a tax on sugar," Lodge asserted. "The
tax is paid largely by those best able
to pay, because they are the purchas
ers of tho many articles ot luxury Into
the composition of which sugar enters.
Seeking Only Votes.
"Contrary to the general view "of all
economists and of all civilized nations,
the House has thought It judicious to
take sugar from the list as a revenue
producer. The theory of free sugar
as embodied in the House bill, If they
had a theory extending beyond the col
lection of votes, would appear to have
been that If the sugar duty were re
moved, the entire benefit would come to
the consumer."
The Massachusetts Senator asserted,
that If left to develop unhindered by
tariff agitation, the domestic sugar sup
ply would shprtly supply Americans
with all of the $100,000,000 worth of the
product now Imported. This was what
refiners feared, he said, and it waa for
that reason that they want free sugar,
so that the home producing industry
would bo ruined. .
To Probe Death.
MELBOURNE. Australia, July Z7.
An Inquest was ordered todav on
former Gov. W. A. Richards of Wyo
ming, who died yesterday on a land
seeking expedition. Undoubtedly death
was due to heart disease, but as It
was sudden an autopsy Is deemed ds
aliabli. .

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