She Itehitwtait Slme
Fair tonight with frost
Full Report Page 2.
Yesterday's Circulation, 50,805
WASHESTGTOX, TUESDAY EVE-XES'G-, APRIL 8, 1913.
PEICE OSE CENT
VATICAN ALARMED BY
THE POPE'S ILLNESS;
SISTERS SEEN CRYING
Pontiff Said to Be Suffering From Bright's Dis
ease, and Reports Vary As to Gravity of
MaJady Cardinal Merry Del Val Conduct
ing Church Business Affairs.
ALL AUDIENCES ARE
ROME, April 8. The Pope spent a very bad night,
and is today suffering from muscular pains and fever. His
condition is said to be much worse than for some time. Dr.
Marchelva, one of the Pope's physicians, remained at the
Vatican until midnight which is most unusual for him.
He returned early this morning and immediately gave
orders that all papal audiences should be postponed in
definitely. No one is allowed to enter the apartment of the
Pope save his doctors and nurses.
A sensational report was circulated .today that the
Pope was suffering with Bright's disease, but it could not
be verified. It is, however, known that he is suffering with
kidney disease. Heretofore it has been reported that he
suffered with gout and muscular rheumatism.
It is reported from a reliable source that the Pope is
confined -to -"his bed. Cardinal Merry del Val, papal
secretary of state is
most of the business of the church.
The Pope's two sisters Epent two
houre at the pontiff's bedside late this
afternoon and when they left the
Vatican they were crying.
Sisters With Him.
Misses Maria and Anna Sarto, tne
sisters, for the past twenty years, have
lived near their brother to minister to
his wants and when the Pope became
ill a few month's ago. they moved to a.
house one square from the Vatican and
have been almost daily visitors there.
When Miss Rosa Sarto, eldest sister
of the Pope, died several weeks ago
her body lay in the little house near
the Vatican, and Pope Plus at one
time declared his intention of violating
Vatican tradition and going to .he
death chamber, but was dissuaded.
Angelo Barto, the Pope's brother is a
rural mall carrier and three other sis
ters, Teresa, Antonla and Lucia, are
Seaman Wins Praise
Of Secretary Daniels
Ernest Nag-, ordinary seaman of the
battleship North Dakota, is officially a
hero. Secretaray of the Navy Daniels
today commended him for his bravery
in rescuing Joseph Hammond from
Hammond had fallen overboard from
a stage oer the side on which he was
working. The water was lashed Into a
strong current by a high wind, so that
Hammond was unable to reach the life
buoy or the lines that were thrown o
Nagy, noting the- critical plight of his
friend, Jumned overboard without stop
ping to take off his shoes or clothing.
Kattling against the current he reached
Hammond Just In time. He manag'-d
to drag the perishing man to the ll'o
buoy from where both were takn In
boats to tnc vonn uaKiua,
Nagy has been In the serire tor j
about three years.
His home Is Broo'i
lyn, N Y.
Hold Caucus Today
Senate Democrats deferred the
holding of their expected caucus yes
terday until today They intended to
meet this afternoon, following the
session. In the marble room of the
Senate. They will take up the ques
tion of adoption of the rules recently
proposed by the steering committee.
Intended to take authority out of the
hands of the chairmen of committees.
Tax to Be on Incomes
Over and Above $4,000
Anyone with al salarj of even 1
cent over J4.0W is liable to the new In
come tax as fixed in the WiIson-irnder-ttood
tariff bill, explained Congressman
Hull of Tennessee. Its author, today.
The paragraph fixing the tax reads
"Over and above $4,000."
This Hull said. exeniDted men whose
salaries were a flat Ji.000. but Included
all whose incomes were In any degree
WITH HIM ALL NIGHT
ONE KILLED. 16 HURT
Car Leaves Tracks on Balti
more Bridge, and Plunges
Into Patapsco River.
BALTIMORE. April K. One man was
killed and sixteen persons wrjffe injured
early today when a Light street car tore
through the railing of the Light street
long bridge and fell Into seven feet ot
water in the Patapsco river. August
Hohman, seventeen years old. is dead.
Among the Injured are:
Loretta Malone. who may die.
Edna Chenoweth, seriously cut and
All the injured live in Brooklyn, Anne
Arundel county. They were taken to
The bridge is v. recked where the
car went over. The tracks are torn up
for a distance of thirty feet, and the
ruillng Is gone.
The accident occurred during the early
morning rush of workers to the city.
The car was loaded almost to its ca
pacity when It left Curtis Bay shortly
aftci G.30 o'clock, and toox on additional
passengers along the route. When it
reached the bridge there waa no one fn
sight along the long, clear Btretch, and
the motornmn threw on all power and
sped up his car. The car is of the
light type, with trucks close together,
and hounded up and down with the
swaying of the bridge. When within
10) yards of the end of the bridge the
i car made a llnal bound and left the
tracks. It tore across the structure.
tearing up the traks on its way. and
flnalli went through the railing.
When the car struck the water it as
nearlj on an even keel, and with a
great splash. It went under, until onlv
the tops of the wlndo..s were left out.
Immediately the passengers became a
(Continued on Second Page.)
Bill to Re-establish
Canteen in the Army
Re-establlshment of the army canteen
was proposed today in a bill introduced
in the House by Congressman Bartholdt
Mr Bartholdt said a "big fight" to
repeal the law abolishing the soldiers'
clubs would begin next winter in the
regular session of Congress.
Choices for Committees
The Progressives today named Con
gressman Murdock to be their member
of the Ways and Means Committee,
Congressman chandler of New York on
the Rules Committee, and Congressman
Woodruff of Michigan on the Accounts
First Message Delivered by the President in
Person Since November 22, 1800
I am very glad indeed to
have this opportunity to ad
dress the two houses directly
and to verify for myself the
impression that the President
of the United States is a per
son, not a mere department
of the Government hailing
Congress from some isolated
island of jealous power, send
ing messages, not speaking
naturally and with his own
voice that he is a human
being trying to co-operate
with other human beings in a
common service. After this
pleasant experience, I shall
feel quite normal in all our
dealings with one another:
I have called the Congress
together in extraordinary ses
sion because a duty was laid
upon the party now in power
at the recent elections which
it ought to perform promptly,
in order that the burden car
ried by the people under exist
ing law may be lightened as soon as possible, and in order,
also, that the business interests of the country may not be
kept too long in suspense as to what the fiscal changes are
to be to which they will be required to adjust themselves.
It is clear to the whole country that the tariff duties must
be altered. They must be
alteration in the conditions of our economic life which the
country has witnessed within the last generation. While
the whole face and method of our industrial and com
mercial life were being changed beyond recognition the
tariff schedules have rem: ned what they were before the
change began, or have moved ir. the direction they were
given when no large circumstance of our industrial de
velopment was what it is today. Our task is to square
them with the actual facts. The sooner that is done the
sooner we shall escape from .suffering from the facts and
the sooner our men of business will be free to thrive by
the law of nature (the nature of free business) instead of
by the law of legislation and artificial arrangement.
We have seen tariff legislation wander very far afield
in our day very far indeed from the field in which our
prosperity might have had a normal growth and stimula
tion. No one who looks the facts squarely in the face or
knows anything that lies beneath the surface of action can
fail to perceive the principles upon which recent tariff
legislation has been based. We long ago passed beyond,
the modest notion of "protecting" the industries of the
country and moved boldly forward to the idea that they
were entitled to the direct patronage of the Government.
For a long time a time so long that the men now active
in public policy hardly remember the conditions that pre
ceded it we have sought in our tariff schedules to give
each group of manufacturers or producers what they them
selves thought that they needed in order to maintain a
practically exclusive market as against the rest of the
world. Consciously or unconsciously, we have built up a
set of privileges and exemptions from competition behind
which it was easy by any, even the crudest, forms of com
bination to organize monopoly, until at last nothing is
normal, nothing is obliged to stand the tests of efficiency
and economy, in our world of big business, but everything
thrives by concerted arrangement. Only new principles of
action will save us from a final hard crystallization of
monopoly and a complete loss of the influences that
quicken enterprise and keep independent energy alive.
Calls on President
Cardinal Gibbons called upon Presi
dent Wilson at 2:30 o'clock this after
noon to pay his respects, and the
Executive then adjourned to the Bast
Room to receive a delegation of 300
school teachers from Massachusetts
and Rhode Island.
The President and Mrs. Wilson will
receive members of the American
Cotton Growers Association at 4:30
o'clock this afternoon, concluding one
of the busiest and most eventful days
the President has had since taking
possession of the White House.
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changed -to meet the. radical
Under Secretary Denies
Starving Miss Emerson
LONDON, April 8. The protest her"
and In th t'nlted states agaliiht the
Imprisonment of MIsh Zelle limerson.
tho Michigan suffragette, obtained
sufficient recognition today for mem
bers of the House of Commons to
question the home office nbout the
Appearing In the House of Commons
for Heme Secretury Keeinald AlcKen
nu, Under Secretary Griffiths "aid
that Miss Kmcrson had been forcibly
fed, but asserted that lier condition
was "satisfactory." He said she was
not in a serious state
with reckless haste, or with
roots of what has grown up
and at bur own invitation.
upset it and break it and deprive it of a chance to change.
It destroys it. We must make changes in our fiscal laws,
IhAjifr fiscal system, whose
free and wholesome development, not revolution or upset
or confusion. We must build up trade, especially foreign
trade. We need the outlet and the enlarged field of energy
more than we ever did before. We must build up industry
as well, and must adopt freedom in the place of artificial
stimulation only so far as it will build, not pull down. In
dealing with the tariff the method by which this may be
done will be a matter of judgment, exercised item by item.
To some not accustomed to the excitements and responsi
bilities of greater freedom our methods may in some
respects arid at some points seem heroic, but remedies may
be heroic and yet be remedies. It is our business to make
sure that they are genuine remedies. Our object is clear.
If our motive is above just challenge and only an occasional
error of judgment is chargeable against us, we shall be
We are called upon to render the country a great
service in more matters than one. Our responsibility
should be met and our methods should be thorough, as
thorough as moderate and well considered, based upon the
facts as they are, and not worked out as if we were
beginners. We are to deal with the facts of our own day,
with the facts of no other, and to make laws which square
with those facts. It is best, indeed it is necessary, to begin
with the tariff. I will urge nothing upon you now at the
opening of your session which can obscure that first object
or divert our energies from that clearly defined duty. At a
later time I may take the liberty of calling your attentim
to reforms which should press close upon the heels of the
tariff changes, if not accompany them, of which the chief
is the reform of our banking ana currency laws; but just
now I refrain. For the present, I put these matters on one
side and think only of this one thing of the changes in
our fiscal system which may best serve to open once more
the free channels of prosperity to a great people whom we
would serve to the utmost and throughout both rank and
WOOD ROW WILSON.
The White House, April 8, 1913.
Arctic Cold Fatal
To Three Explorers
CHRISTIANA. Norwnj, April 8
Afti-tr a winter of almost unbearable
suffering four members of the
Schroeder-Strnn7: Spltzbeigen expedi
tion reached Advent Bay today They
spent the winter Icebound in Spltz
liergen The four men reported that Lieu
tenant Schrocder-Htninz. leader of
the party, was missing, that tho avia
tor and cook are dead, and that two
more of the party are resting at
It is plain what those prin
ciples must be. We must abol
ish everything that bears even
the semblance of privilege or
of any kind of artificial ad
vantage, and put our busi
ness men and producers
under the stimulation of a
constant necessity to be ef
ficient, economical, and en
terprising, masters of com
petitive supremacy, better
workers and merchants than
any in the world. Aside from
the duties laid upon articles
which we do not, and- prob
ably can not, produce, there
fore, and the duties laid upon
luxuries and merely for the
sake of the revenues they
yield, the object of the tariff
duties henceforth laid must
be effective competition, the
whetting of American wits
by contest with the wits of
the rest of the world.
It would be unwise to move
toward this end headlong,
strokes that cut at the very
amongst us by long process
It does not alter a thing to
object is development, a more
Senator Is Named in
Woman's Sworn Charges
A sworn statement embodying charges
against a Western Senator was illed
by a woman with Vice resident
Marshall today and her husband sub
mitted what U reported to be a re
quest for a Senatorial invchtlgutlon of
the allegations that the Senator offered
Indignities to the woman.
Vice President Marshall, it was un
derstood, will follow the same course
on these papers as he did on a series
of written and unsworn allegations
illed Satunlaj holding that they are
not privileged under tho Senate rules
1 and cannot be presented officially.
AS PRESIDENT WILSON
READS HIS MESSAGE
Chief Executive; in Voice Somewhat Husky, and
Visibly Nervous, Delivers His Plea for Bene
ficial Legislation Great Throng Tries to
Hear Him, Including Officials.
HISTORY-MAKING EVENT AT CAPITOL
AS OLD PRECEDENT IS SHATTERED
History was made on Capitol Hill today.
The President of the United States, discarding the
ancient traditions which have enveloped his ' office for
more than a century, made what was. characterized by his
hearers the most remarkable speech ever heard in this
country to the legislative branch.
And in doing so, he insisted' that the time was here
when the Chief Executive .must be considered from, the
personal side and nbt as an institution.
It was a new procedure. Staid Senators and Repre
sentatives, strong for the traditions of the dim and musty
past, were jarred from an affected nonchalance and parade
of tiredness to a realization of immediate duty to a nation.
None-there' who were not impressed that the new
NEW AMENDMENT IS
PROPOSED IN SENATE
Shafroth Seeks Constitutional
Change Involving President
and Congress' Members.
With the popular election of Senators
certain, change in the terms of Presi
dent, Vice President, and members of
Coifgress that will eliminate the short
term, provide a long term each year,
and bring new members to their scats
two months after their election will be
the next constitutional change to be
Senator Shafroth, of Colorado, intro
duced the resolution for this constitu
tional amendment today. It provides
that the terms of President and Vice
Presldtnt shall begin the second Mon
day in January following their election;
of the Senators and Representatives,
the iirat Monday in January following
their election. This would give tho out
going Congress time to canvass the
otes and declare the results of the
Presidential election and Inaugurate the
new President: thereafter. Immediately,
the new Congress and Administration
would come into power. The interme
diate short term of the dead Congress
The plf.n has long been favored by
Senatcr Shafroth. but was impractica
ble &o lens as senators were elected
by Legislatures, which generally meet
in January. There would be no sup
ply of new Senators in time to take
up Congress business. But with the
people directly electing Senators in
November, that difficulty la elim
inated. Tho Shaffroth plan, however, would
place inauguration at the coldest part
of the winter early January and in
that regard would give no relief
Red Cross Declines
Offers of Supplies
Two hundred cases of fine Italian
wines, brandies and lemons are avail
able for the suffering residents of the
flood districts. The Italian ambassa
dor, acting for the Italian Red Cross,
has so notified Miss Mabel Boardman,
secretary of the American National
Red Cross, but the American branch
has declined the offer with thanks,
Inasmuch as there are plenty of sup
plies now on hand for all relief work.
The Red Cross agents report a
crjstalllzatlon of relief work, with a
number of cases of measles and
smallpox to combat. The Red Cross
workers are now trying to get into
Shawneetown, where conditions are
reported rather bad, and they are al
ready on hand in Catlcttsburg. Ky..
where several cases of infectious and
contagious diseases have developed.
I. C. C. Will Hear Final
Arguments on Delivery
Notice was given out by the Inter
state Commerce Commission toda that
final arguments on the free freight
delivery zone crse woold be heard bv
the commission on May 16. Notlc-J
was sent the railroads, the Chamber of
Commerce, the Board of Trade. Retail
Merchants' Association, and other In
I order is immediate -and the, my-
tcrles with whleh "government bX Jl
J- i -di v r I
Heretofore been surrounded baa wr "
rendered to the latest idea ot pub
Hetty. Unique Position.
In ringing tones which reverberated
throughout the chamber of the House
of Kepresentatives, president Wilson
took a new stand, a unique position,
but one which with his very opening
words he Justified as few men ever
have a departure from precedent.
"Th: President of the United States
is a person." declared this new head ot
the Government. In office only thirty
six days; "is not a mere department of
the Government, hailing- Congress from
some Isolated Island of Jealous power.
senling messages, not speaking natu
rally and with his own voice he Is a hu
man being trying to co-operate with
other human beings In a common serv
ice." It was as though President Wilson
was answering the arguments made
in the upper branch only last night.
There was no way to doubt hla sin
cerity. A President's message had
taken on human characteristics. A
man had arisen who was willing to
take the chance of being misunder
stood that he could be in position to
explain where he stood on a great
public Institution. And watching; the
faces of the members of Congress it
was plain that all appreciated that
they were dealing with an Executive
who believed that his cause was Just.
President Wilson was plainly Im
pressed with his position. He was
plainly inclined to nervousness. But his
frame gave the impression of latent
force fully convincing all that he ap
preciated his message was not alone to
the men he was addressing, bst to the
nation at large.
His face was even more paWd than
isual. Tho deep lines which have ap
peared there since he assumed his pres
ent duties seemed even more emphasize!
in the bright light which streamed down
on him from the highly decorated glass
skylights In the roof.
Read from Manuscript.
President Wilson read his message
from manuscript. It had bean type
written on very small letter paper so
as to be as inconspicuous as possible,
but he made no effort to conceal his
notes. In fact, at times, as though lie
feared he might not get the exact text.
he raised the paper close to hla eyes.
President "Wilson's voice waa a trllle
husky at the opening, but the atten
tion given him was remarkable. Not a
soul stirred in the chamber pnper or
(Continued on Page Twelve.)
IN CONGRESS TODY.
Met at noon.
Routine business transacted trfjtl 12 &
when Senators went to Housa a hear
President Wilson read his migBge
Credentials of Senator Lewis pjajpented
Democratic caucus will meet tflfay.
Senator GotT of West Virginia ajgjtgned
Communications from executhi) g)gpart-
Numerous bills presented and n"gTfTd.
The House met at noon.
President Wilson in person l-ngji hit
tariff message before a Joint fjgsloa
of the Senate and House.
Tho House then adjourned fajgarfer
routine business In order to n Ifjgf th
Democrats to begin their tarU Mcus
at 3 o'clock today.
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