"PRIVATE MONOPOLY INTOLERABLE "-WILSON'S MESSAGE
She Itoftmjjf mt
Rain and wanner tonight
Fall Report on Page Two.
WASHESTGrTON, TUESDAY EVEESTG-, JANUARY 20, 1914.
PRICE ONE CENT.
BEN JOHNSON AND J. R. SHIELDS IN FIST FIGHT
Mystery Surrounding Refusal to
Accept Recommendation of
Commissioners Is Solved.
CENTRAL HIGH IS STILL
HOPEFUL OF BIG BUILDING
Effort to Reverse Action at Cap
itol, However, May Result in
Delay in Completing Work.
By JODSON C WELLIVER.
The deep, dense, doleful and darksome
"lystery of how Congress managed to
-pproprlate $1,200,000 for a combination
'entral High School, when nobody had
sked for so much money, has been
There never was any mystery about
' at all.
Congress appropriated 51,300,000 be
cause it decided, after full discussion on
he floor, that it wanted a JWOO.OOO
school. It didn't want a $5,000 school.
People who, trying to defeat the move
for the big, combination, central high
echool, havo tried to make it appear
that there was some sort of skul-dug-Sery
connected with advance of the ap
propriation, some sleight - of - hand
manipulation In the dark; are answered
with the simple explanation that the
Congressional Kecord contains the
whole atory. and that It is a perfectly
rill In, straight-forward story a U"1-
Nobody bunkoed Congress, or perpe
trated grand larceny on the Treasury.
When Senator Lane, of Oregon, in
troduced his resolution, on December 13,
uklng the District Commissioners to
explain the high school situation, he
was evidently of the Impression that
something needed explanation. Congress
ad provided for a tl.300,000 school. Stn-t-tor
Lane wanted to know whether the
proposed location, at Eleventh and Clif
'on streets, was a desirable one with
eference to the distribution of the
city's school population, the present
rtatas of the project for the new school,
end then he asked:
"Did the original High School esti-1
mates call for an appropriation of only
1700,000 for a building to accommodate
ijCOO pupils; and if so, why was the esti
Of i.Soo Capacity.
Answering this question the Com
missioners replied that the school
oard and the Commissioners csti
aated. for 1913. for $725,000 for a.
iSb school of 1,600 capacity. So far
s the Commissioners could learn
rom the records of the Appropria
ons Committees no estimate of Jl,
"0,000 for a school of 2.500 capacity
vas ever made. The Senate put in
tie $723,000 item, and later, in con
ference, it was stricken out and a
-jnple direction inserted in its place,
hat plans should be prepared for a
Mgh school of 2,500 capacity. This, tho
ommlssioners found, was the ilrst ref--ence
to the idea of building a bigger
'hool than 1,600 capacitj. It was fol
owed in the District appropriation a
ear later by a speclllc provision fixing
h figure at $1,200,000. The Commis
sioners evidently were mystified, for
hey added to their statement of tho
'There docs not appear in any of the
ccords of the Appropriations Commit-
e showing why the estimates of the
Board of Education and the District
commissioners were Increased."
Farther on in their communication the
C ommlsrlonerK, having been asked
whether the larger centralized high
school Is preferable to smaller and wlde-dlstribut-d
In the opinion of the Conunlssion--s
smaller and more widely distributed
ilgh schools aro preferable to a large
cntrallzed high school, prevjded they
re not too small for .eoiijmic adminls-"-atlon.
The chief element which in
fluenced the Commlsioners to tills con
'lusion was transportation, which the
hlldren of high school age would pay
if forced to travel ,'rom lielr own to
another section of the city."
More Money Than Asked.
Thus the showing Is that the Com
missioners didn't understand whv they
were given more money than tl ey ask
ed, or why ordered to build a bigger
school than they asked, and, further,
hat thev doubted the desirability of
the centralized school. Altogether, it
n:ade up a pretty mystery case.
But the mystery is dissipated on in
vestigation of the Congressional Rec
ord. Congress, not the committees,
decided in favor of the centralized,
combination high school. It was de
bated at some length, and perfectly
In the debate on the District Ap
propriation bHl In the House Jan
uary 20, 1913 (Uecord. pp. 1206-1308).
Senator Lane's question is clearly
answered and the failure of the cora
mittec to report tho Commissioner!'
estimate is been to be in no sense du"
to a lack of interest in the new
fchool on the part of the committee.
In that debate Mr. Mann, Introduc-
(Continucd on Second Page
ASKS FREE RIDES
Congressman Kahn Calls Pre
sent Arrangement a Hard
ship. SAYS PUBLIC SERVANTS
ARE ALWAYS ON DUTY
House Subcommittee Will Re
sume Hearings at Call of
The subcommittee of the House Dis
trict Committee today began hearings
on the Kahn bill, providing that District
policemen and firemen ride free on the
street cars of this city. The hearing,
as told in another column of The Times,
had a stormy aftermath in a fist fight
between Congressman Ben Johnson and
Attorney John K. Shields, the latter
being present and waiting to testify.
Congressman Kahn opened the hear
ing today by urging favorable action on
his bill, and. members of the subcom
mittee seemed to favor the measure,
tho only differences of opinion being
those concerning the language of the
"The regulation which makes po
licemen and firemen pay their own
street car fare," said Congressman
Kahn. "works a hardship on these
men and costs each one of them from
$3 to $7.60 a month. A policeman or
fireman is always on duty, although
he may be considered technically as
off duty for-a time. - Policemen . and
firemen ar'always subject-to call,
they have to use the street car and
it Is not right that they should be
penalized for so doing. I hope the
committee will report this bill out
promptly and afford the necessary re
lief." Members of the subcommittee engaged
in an Informal discussion of whether a
certain form of tickets should be Issued
to policemen and firemen, or whether
their uniform and badge should act as
street car pass. It was during this dis
cussion that Chairman Johnson appear
ed, and noting the presence of Attorney
Shields, made the charge that brought
on a personal encounter.
The hearings by the subcommittee will
be resumed upon the call, of Congress
man Crosser, who is chairman of the
subcommittee. That the bill will be fav
orably reported was Indicated by the
comment of committee members today.
IDGE TERRELL IS
TO 8E REAPPOINTED
President and McReynoIds
Have Long Conference Over
Jobs in the District.
eollowinjj a long conference at the
White House today by President Wilson
end Attorney General McReynoIds over
District appointments. : It was learned
that tho President and .Mr. McBoy
l.olds have determined upon the reap
pointment of Judge Robert H. Terrell,
colored, as a member of the municipal
It ! asserted that Senator Vardaman
of Misflssippl. who generally has op
cosed the nomination of colored persons
to Federal office, has voiced no objec
tions to Judge Terrell's leappolntment-
Tht President desires, it Is said, to
show by his appointment that he has
no preludlces ruralnft colored appoint,
rronts for certain positions, and that he
realized that Judge Terrell has made a
good record while In offke.
Hurt by Automobile
"William T. Levy, president of the
bricklayers' union, was struck !' an
automobile In Pension Office Square tills
morning and injured seriously.
The automobile was a delivery car,
but the name of the driver has not been
learned by the police. Levy Is suffer
ing from concussion of the brain and
a possible fracture of the skull.
He is sixty years old and lives at 310
Indiana avenue northwest.
IN CONGRESS TODAY.
Met at roon.
Hearing before Commerce Committee
on bill to consolidate Life-Saving
Service and Revenue Cutter Sen-ice.
Strong demands on Senate for Inves
tigation of Calumet strike and
Senate goes to House at 13:30 to hear
President read trust message.
Judiciary Committee meeti on work
men's compensation bill.
Met at noon.
President read his trust message be
fore a joint session of Senate and
Dcbato on postoffice appropriation bill
District Committee nearlng marked by
Specific Anti-Trust Remedies Are
Recommended by the President
Laws whicH will effectually prohibit and prevent
suit in making. . those who affect to compete
A law which will confer upon the
er to superintend and regulate the financial
Further and more explicit legislative
the existing anti trust law.
An interstate trade commission as
and publicity, as a clearing house for the
ness undertakings should be guided and as
ness, directing and shaping corrective
Penalties and punishments to fall
ities of business to do things which public
Effectual steps to prevent officers
bring them and the business of the country
Prohibition of holding companies.
Legislation as to whether the private
be themselves in effect holding companies.
Laws giving private individuals who
recitve processes of law) the right to found
judgments proved by the Government.
Horrors of India Rivaled, Says
Doctor Roots and Bark
EL. PASO, Tex.. Jan. 20. Thousands of
men, women, and children are dead or
dying of starvation in the state of Slna
Emaciated mothers are begging trav
elers to take their babies to beep them
from starving, and falling, many are
killing themselves and their babies In
Returning from a trip through Slnaloa
to bring back his wife and baby, who
had been there visiting relatives, Dr.
Gerome Trlolo, head of the constitu
tionalist hospital In Juarez, and long a
resident of El Paso, tells a story of
horror and suffering, which rivals any
of the stories of famine days in India.
"There Is no food in the state of
Slnaloa," said Dr. Trlolo. "By that I
mean there Is none for the great mass
of the people. In some of the towns
there Is still a little foodstuff, but It Is
very little, and held at such exorbitant
prices that none but the very rlth can
"In Cholx, where my wife and child
were, people are dropping In the streets
of starvation dally, not one or two, but
scores, and they are dying where they
drop. Throughout the state conditions
are even worse than In Choix.
"Outside of the towns there Is no food
whatever, and the people pre subsist
ing on barks and roots of trees and,
shrubs. Mothers are going about the
country with starving babies, asking
those they meet to take the little ones
and save them from starvation.
"The JJOu which the American Ked
Cross has sent to Slnaloa is not a drop
In the bucket. The condition In Sinaloa
Is worse than I Imagined possible in
Dr. Tiola says that for ills own baby
he was unable to get any mill: at any
price; by accident he found In a prac
tically depleted store one can of con
densed milk that had been overlooked.
For an enormous price, J25. ho was able
to buy the can.
Because of the revolution all means
of communication with the Interior havo
been destroyed. No railroads are oper
ating in all the state, according to Dr.
Trlolo, and wagon roads are not used
because of the bandits and the warring
forces, which make travel by civilians
In the towns all business has ceased
and the people have given up attempts
to work and mako money, for there Is
nothing the money can buy which will
do what they most wish, give thorn
"The people of Sinaloa are in no
u'.rm- nhaiie than the people of other
' parts of Mexico." said Dr. Trlolo, "and
! this is saying a good deal, for I know
i that there Is starvat'on in many parts
; of the republic. UnlehH aid Is given to
the people of Slnaloa they must perish
' almost as a whole, but they have long
ago reached the end of their resources,
and there Is no hope of the future."
Gus A. Schuldt Goes to
! Police Court Position
Gus A. Schuldt. assistant Corpora
tion Counsel at tho Juvenile Court, on
Monday will be transferred to the Po
lice Court, succeeding Milcolm K. Var
nell according to a statvjm"nt today by
Corporation Counsel fonr.id if. Syme.
Mr Varoell will tako uu Mr. Schuldt's
duties at the. Juvenilo Court. Tho
change. Mr. Syme said, is In accord
ance with the policy o' the office to
shift the assignments of the assistants
whenever it is deemed expedient.
Prior to his transfer to the Juvenile
Court January 15. 1913. M-. Schuldt
served two years as Assistant Corpora
tion Counsel at tho IMlIce Court. Mr.
Varncll was detailed to the Polico
Court September 3, 1313, Eiicceedinc- R.
I. -Williams, who was transferred to
other duties in the office of tho Corpo
Basis of Laws
Prominent Eastern Financiers Among Those Who
Thronged House Chamber to Hear Reading
of Message Warm Greeting to Chief Execu
tive Thoughtful Stillness Marks Reception of
President Wilson held out an oliv,e branch to big busi
ness today. He outlined a "constitution of peace" for the
industrial welfare of the country. Addressing a joint ses
sion of the Senate and House, he appealed for clear and dis
tinct anti-trust legislation which will restore competition in
every line of industry and trade.
It was the fifth time that the Chief Executive has es
sayed his position as leader of the majority in Congress.
And today he asked that majority to add to the two para
mount laws now on the statute books the tariff and the
currency acts another which will specifically designate
just what a "criminal combination in restraint of trade"
actually is and provide specific criminal penalties for spe
cific individual .acts.
SHOULD PUNISH "MAN HIGHER UP."
The burden of tho entire message was
that guilt is personal and the "man
higher up" and not the instrument,
should be punished.
The ITc.fldent was accompanied to the
Capitol by members of his Cabinet who
took seats reserved for them on tho
floor. As usual the front rows of scats
In the House chamber were occupied
by the members of tho Senate, who
llled In. two by two, headed by Vice
President Marshall and Sergeant-at-Arms
lllgglns. While waiting in the
office of Speaker Clark for the Senators
to take their seats the President chat
ted with the committee from the Sen
ate and Houm who hud been named
to escort him to the Speaker's stand.
Every scat in the quadrangle of gal
lerle was filled five minutes after the
doors were thrown open at 11 o'clock
with the exception of those, in the
executive and diplomatic reservation.
The members of the Immediate fam
ily of the President. Mrs. Wilson, Miss
Margaret Wilson, Miss Eleanoi Wil
Bon, and Miss Helen Woo Irow Bones,
escorted bv Dr. Cary X. Gravson. en
tered the gallery at 12. iO. Miss Mar
garet Wilson took her accustomed neat
in the very front low, where she sat
leaning well forward, her head rest
ing on her hands and her olliows on
the gallery rail, following closely her
father's every utterance.
Kor the first time since the President
began delivering his message in per
bon there were fully as many men as
woman among tho hpectators.
The importance of the uttciances to
Presidents Message in
Full on Page Four
the interlocking of directorates as in effect re
in fact partners and masters of some whole field of business.
Interstate Commerce Commission the pow-
operations of the railroads.
definition of the policy and meaning of
an indispensible instrument of information
facts by which the managers of great busi
an instrumentality for doing justice to busi
upon individuals who use the instrumental
policy and sound business practice con-
and directors of great business bodies to
into disrepute and danger.
owners of capital stock shall be suffered to
claim to have been injured by the cor
their suits for redress upon the facts and
tho business world was indicated by
tho fact that among those who listened
Intently were many prominent Eastern
It was exactly 15 30 when Speaker
Clark's gavel fell, and the President'
entered, escorted by Senators Kern,
Bacon and Galllnger and Congress
men Underwood, Fitzgerald and Mann.
As the familiar form, correctly garb
ed In a black frock coat and vest,
wltli striped trousers, and carrying
his manuscript closely clutched in his
hand stepped out on tho platform, he
was received with n round of applause
winch, starting on the floor, quickly
spread to the galleries, ami was far und
away the warmest that has yet marked
the Wilson nppeaiancc at the Capitol.
When the President Mated that "the
antagonism between business and Gov-ernment--
was at an end. several of tho
Democratic leaders nodded In approval.
but there was noe of the hamlctopplng
which had punctuated the last address
of the I-reslflenL It rather seemed,
from the death-llko stillneHs that mark
ed the delivery of the early part of the
address, as though the legislators were
somewhat In doubt as to Just what It
all meant Even when the President In
sisted there must be an end to inter
locking directorates there was no ap
plause, but a warm nodding of ac
quiescence from Senators and Congress
Tho Senate tiled out immediately
after the President lfft, and the
House resumed ItH regular routine
Tho various legislative subjects out
lined by the President were referred
to tho proper House committees. v
CLARK DECLINES TO
SEEiH AT FEAST
Speaker Will Not Attend Har
mony Dinner Arranged fori
Democrats by Pickford.
Speaker Champ Clark has declined to
be a fellow-guest with Secretary of
State Bryan at a "harmony feast"
planned by Thomas E. Pickford as -a
means of healing the sores caused by
Bryan's attack on the Speaker at tho
Baltimore convention. The Speaker to
day sent a formal, but final declina
tion of the Invitation to the dinner to
Political significance was seen in the
approaching Pickford dinner, because
tho fifty-four Invited guests Included
Secretaries Daniels. Lane, and Burle
son and Secretary Tumulty, as well as
a large list of Senators and Congressmen
who were Clark men and "Wilson men
lefore the Baltimore convention.
Iast spring Clark and Bryan were
brought together at a harmony dinner,
and It was thought the hatchet was
burled. Slnco then Speacr Clark has
ooenlv criticised Secretary Bryan for
absenting himself from Washington to
deliver Chautauqua lectures.
Friends of Speaker Clark declare that
not only has he adotped the policy of
absenting himself from functions which
Bryan attends, but that his family is
taking the name course.
Speaker Clark is said to have made
no acknowledgement of the Pickford
dinner invitation until he had learned
Secretary Bryan had accepted. Then
lie announced his declination.
Deficiency estimates for additional ap
propriations for tho fiscal year 1M3.
amounting to JiSOCXX), were received
by tho House Appropriations Commit
tee today from tho Secretary of the
Practically all of tho departments ask
for deficiency funds and among the
larger items Is C2S.0OO for equipping the
new Bureau of Engraving and Printing;
S1.000U), to prevent tho spread of epi
demic diseases; J10.W0, for maintenance
of the Public Health Service; iCOO.OM),
for tho Now York court house; J100.000.
for the Public Utilities Commission of
tho District, and J32.000. for additional
longevity pay in tho ubplic schools.
Other District items are as follows'
Militia. J5.1S0: board of children's
guardians, 820,000 ; District judges.
S6.650 . support of convicts, SiS.oOO ;
miscellaneous expenses of the Supremo
Court, Jfi.300 ; fee of Jurors, J2.000.
The estimates recommend deficiency
appropriations ffor numerous public
building now under construction and
for shortages In the expense funds of
tho State. Treasury. Navy. War, and
Interior Departments, the Civil Service
Commission, the Department of Justices
and the Department of Iabor.
.Senate Being Urged
To Probe Big Strikes
That pressure will !'- brought to
bear In the Senate to order an Inves
tigation of strikes at Calumet and
Colorado became plain today. Ilsso
lutlons and letters by tho score pour
ed In on the Senate from trades and
lalor unions all over tiin countr...
They declared the time had como for
the Government to take over tho
copper nnd coul mines and operate
them wllh regard for the welfare of
LAWYER A "LOBBYIST"
HE OBJECTS; IS PUNCHED
Johnson Asks for Pistol, Saying That He
Wishes to Kill Lawyer Fight Occurs
in District Committee's Room at Cap
itol Shields Bruised, and Johnson's
Face Cut by Blows.
Congressman Ben Johnson, chairman of the House
District Committee, and John R. Shields, a Washington
lawyer, engaged in a fist fight in the District committee
r6om at the Capitol today.
Mr. Johnson's face was cut below the right eye by a
blow, and Mr. Shields' countenance was bruised.
A dozen blows were exchanged before the men were
Then Mr. Johnson ran into his private inner office
shouting: v - -
"Get me my pistol, thererletmekflRhe '-.
' Mr. Shields was hustled-out of the committee room
by frightened members and clerks, aiid the door between
the two rooms was slammed shut, barring in Mr. Johnson
for half a minute. He soon flung the inner door open,
however, and fought desperately to follow Shields put into
the corridor of the House office building. He was restrain
ed by Congressmen Reed, Gorman, and others.
The fight started after Mr. Johnson had characterized
Mr. Shields as a lobbyist, and Shields had asserted ihat "a
lot of false statements have been made here today and I de
mand the right to answer them."
At this point, Congressman Johnson struck the law
yer on the jaw, and a moment later the men were scuffling
over the committee room, pummeling each other. Shields
half fell and hurt his head on a chair, but arose quickly and
continued the fray. It was with considerable difficulty that
committee members separated the two men who had
clinched and were delivering short but vigorous uppercuts.
j JOHNSON UPBRAJS HIS CLERK.
As Mr. Johnson emerged from his inner office, after being pre
vented from getting his pistol, he upbraided his clerk, Fred Allen,
for holding him.
"What do you mean by holding me," asked the trembling Con
gressman, as blood trickled down his face from the slight cut. "Why
didn't you let me kill the ? I could have done it!"
"That's all right; Ben. He's gone now," said an excited col
league. "I whipped him, anyway, even if I have been sick," said Chair
man Johnson, who went after a towel to wipe off his face. For sev
eral minutes Mr. Johnson reiterated his desire to get at Shields, who
by that time had left the office building.
As soon as Shields was pushed out of the room after the men
were separated, he took his departure, on the advice of peacemakers,
but made one supreme effort to go back into the room and renew
the fist fight. This was as he was being pushed across the threshold
of the outer door, and as Chairman Johnson was dashing back" into
his inner office, calling for his pistol. t
RESULT OF HEARING ON BILL.
The fracas occurred as a sequel, to a brief hearing on a bill to
permit firemen and policemen to ride free on District street cars.
Mr. Johnson, while not a member of the subcommittee, appeared, and
said that Mr. Shields had been recently engaged as a lobbyist for
the street-crossing policemen. As the committee prepared to adjourn,
Shields demanded the right to reply.
"I move we adjourn," said Congressman Gorman of Illinois.
Congressman Crosser, chairman of the subcommittee, put the
adjournment motion, and it was carried, leaving Shields standing on
his feet, asking recognition.
"You will be heard later," said Congressman Crosser.
"Do I understand," asked Shields, "that I cannot reply today to
the statements of Chairman Johnson? I want my reply to appear in
the same record."
Chairman Johnson had walked around the table to within two
feet of Shields and the men stood facing one another.
"A lot of false statements-have been made today," Shields con-
xml | txt