Newspaper Page Text
Partly Cloudy Tonight and
WASHINGTON,. SUNDAY EVENING, JULY 26, 1914.
PKICE ONE CENT.
WAR DECLARED; ALL EUROPE IN TURMOIL
3 MEN BREAK
JAIL AND RUN
AWAY UNDER A
HAIL OF SHOTS
Prisoners, Aided by About Dozen
Confederates, Sawed Way
Out of Alexandria County
Prison Early Today.
Police of District Join in Search
for Joseph Williams, Joseph
Mullen, and John Norman,
Made targets for a fusillade of re
viver shot when they refused to
halt after sawing their Tray to free
dom from the Alexandria county Jail.
near Fort Myer, early this morning,
Joseph Mullen and Joseph "Williams,
u ashlngton-youths awaiting trial for
housebreaking, and a third prisoner,
Tohn Norman, of Alexandria, serving
. sentence for vagrancy, escaped and
ire still at large.
Jailer W. Harry Johnson detected
the men leaving the jail in company
with a dozen or more ponfederates.
who "from the outside of the structure
ad aided ttie prisoners In escaping.
nd he sent a volley of shots after
e fugitives, but did not succeed in
opplng their flight.
The delivery occured about 3:33
clock. Within a few minutes after
heir escape an alarm had been
read over Alexandria county and the
Cell on Bottom Tier.
Williams and Mullen were confined
a cell on the bottom tier of the
iL which Is a solid brick structure
ith barred windows. Jailer Johnson
d his family lives on the first floor,
Vormnn was confined In -i cell on
e second tier of the Jail. By Manlpu
lon of a piece of wire or some In
rument, Williams and Mullen picked
e lock of their cell some time after
idnlght and made their way to the
cond tier. Access to Norman's cell
as easily gained.
Here the men evidently obtained a
w from their confederates who were
jtalde the Jail. A bar was sawed from
he window of Norman's cell. Through
he aperture the three men crawled.
The Jump to the ground was exsy and
heir flight would not have been dls
overed until hojrs later lwd not a
.eries of congratulations passed be
ween the liberated and liberator as
-ey met on the ground.
Aroused by Noise.
Jailer Johnson was aroused by the
olse outside of the structure and made
Is way to the iall door. When he
eached the threshold he saw a crowd
f fifteen or twenty men running away.
t ilrst he thourht every prisoner in
he iall had been delivered. He opened
re on the fugitives.
The ialler sounded an alarm which
-.rousht out the sheriff of the counts'
nd his deputies, and a general hunt
r the men started. The greater part
, .v.. -rouil which ran from In front
f the iall when Johnson made his ap
pearance made its "way toward Wash-
Johnson rave chase in his automobile,
. Jt the fugitives had gotten too much
f a lead.
Fair Weather Until
Friday, Week's Promise
Generally fair weather, with about the
ame temperatures as have been experi
enced during the past few days, will
(nark the next several days in the East
ern and Southern States, according to
ihe forecast for the week issued by the
Weather Bureau today
"The next disturbance of importance
o cross the country." says the forecast,
' will appear in the far West tomorrow
r Tuesday and move eastward, crossing
the great central valleys on Wednesday
r Thursday, and the Eastern States
during the end of the week. This dis
turbance will be attended by local
showers and thunderstorms, and will be
forlowed bv a change to cooler weather
m the northern and central States."
London Hears War Is On,
Through News Dispatch
LONDON, July X. The Weekly Des
patch received a telegram today from
is Vienna correspondent stating that
war between Austria and Servia had
The Servian location here is without
official confirmation but Is not sur
prised at the statement that war ac
tually has been declared.
hm. .isHk-S-" v ,rst Tc:i-im P'anaisci'u it J v.tv. 'i ut;u v-r""Jiw "M-.ccr : l.jj .
mk& .. Mk3sxss Mt-jj e, Ay T&?av;y : v ..'os
9HMrBP vCM.bBc' Upper left Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria. i i Q 1 siBfTO
llHlWBiHl's' ' '"?&WPti Lower left Czar Nicholas of Ruta and Kin George of England (in white rffe''
IHBUI v'PS? uniform). ,. fC.JffijIfe
fM?'V ' WWCi Center at Top Map Showing Location of Nations Involved in Crisis. y' h "TMMWji
VftHLX2$ Upper right-King Peter of Senna. fej JmHII
2 XSiKKlBv Lower right Crown Prince Alexander of Servia, Who May Lead Troops fer , tBMmJfm
r Against Austria. fSJJSa
Center at bottom Palace at Belgrade, Which Has Been Evacuated by Mon. QgS&S &fW$Ws&
arch of the Serbs. i0JUjmy
Terms Rejected by Servia on
Ground National Honor For
The terms of the ultimatum by Aus
tria to Servia, nhlch th latter coun-1
try wai given tin 6 o clock last nlnht to
accept, and whi-h she refused because
of "national honor," and which may
result In an all-European war. are as
Formal assurance from the Servian
government that It condemns the prop-
abanda which resulted in the eatsas-'
sanation of Archduke Francis Ferdl-'
dand at Sarajevo t
An official apologi saylnc that Ser-1
vlan officers took part In the machina-1
tions against the dual monarch and a '
repudiation of their actions
A promise that Serla villi endeavor'
to Bupprers subterfclvc publications and
dissolve Immediately the Pan-Servian
Socletj. "Naroda od-brava, and all
other similar organizations
Warning to the Servian population that
anti-Austrian plots will be rlgorouslj
Removal of all Servian officials guilty
of an anti-Austrian propaganda.
Prompt nunlshment for those officials
who assisted the Sarapavo assassins
across the border
The SDeclfir arrest of Major Tanka
vltch and a Servian state cmploe
named Icanovltch. compromised by the
StoDoln.. of the Illicit traffic In ex
plosives across the frontier.
Prompt notification to Austria that
Servia has fulfilled all these demands.
Two Killed, One Hurt in
SPRINGFIELD. Ohio. July JS.-Two
women wore instantlv killed anil anoth
er serioush iniured when the auto
mobile in which tho were riding dash
ed Into a sorinciiPifi ana wasmngton
traction car son miles southeast of
her earlv tortT- Tim .lead are. lrg
Alta B. Ore, of lelfersonville, and
Miss Sadie Williams, of South Charles
ton Mlfc OereiH HWelna of Jeffer
bonville. was reilmilv Ini 'led The
colored chauffeur for ilrs. Grey Is un
CRISIS, AND MAP WHICH MAY BE
. ' - ' ' ' '' '"'.''. ' J
mc- v- J - r.w- iii . - -w-j m m r & v i t .?-m jk. . ' n, jj-".i-s. ,.. !;-..- t --. - ,r . T-rr'nmTwB
Kingdom Stake and
King Pawn in War
By JUDSON C. WELUVER.
The Servian people have deserved to be compared to
the Jews for their wonderful capacity to maintain a na
tional spirit and identity in the face of centuries of oppres-
SlOn. A Draiicn OI ineoiavii. idi.c, nicy auuggicu iui v-i-ii-
turies, first against the power of the Byzantine or Eastern
Empire, with its seat at Constantinople. Sometimes they
were measurably independent, sometimes hopelessly sub
jugated. When'the Turk came to Constantinople the wars
of the Servians against tne 1 urK weni on ab uciore mat
they had been waged with the Eastern Empire.
The very name of King Peter of today Peter Kara
georgevich tells of those old struggles. "Black George"
was the black prince of downtrodden Servia a century ago;
he was called Kara ipy the Turks; and the compound of the
two names made Karageorgevich, which has since been a
patronymic of the royal bervian line, "black ueorge ex
pelled the Turkish power from his country, which was then
of greater area than now. The old Servian kingdom, in
deed, was an important one in the southeast of Europe at
those periods during the middle ages, and in modern times,
vhen it was able to maintain anything like autonomy. Bu
it was forever fighting for the right of existence.
PETER PAWN IN HANDS OF ASSASSINS.
From Karageorgevich. knight er
rant and national hero, to Pter Kara,
georgevlth of today Is a sorry story
.. 7. Kloven yar ago
King Alexander and Q'.een Draga of
Servia were raurdc-red In their palac
in Belgrade at night. It was one of
tne most horrible "palace revolutions
in history. Members of the cabinet
and others high lr. the state s councils
were murdered at the same time the
conspiracy having been hatched by a
group of army officer, who seized
the government and called Peter, a
cousin of Alexander, to the throne.
Peter had been at' iet a worthless
Prince, that he was arliy to the con
spiracy against Alexander and Draga
Is doubtful, that he took the hloody
llirone tl'at treason had elr(l from
them was enough for the civilized
w-orld. It wb a long time befort h
wan r cognized by mort enlightened
These things hae been so often re
told of late that they do not require
recounting In detail But there aie con
ditions, growing out of that w liked
resolution, not so well understood
Peter came to the throne, to reign. bJt
hardl) to rule. The relgnlnz at Up
grade has been done from tlmt d to
this I) the political Interest that re-
(Contlnued on Third Page.)
I t kaa kfliMl PIMII 1 w. l var . .
Seth Low, A. Barton Hepburn,
and Others Among Possible
Selections for Vacancies.
Important declopments In regard to
the Federal Reserve Board are expected
Since the defeat nnd withdrawal of tho
name of Thomas D. Jones, of Chicago,
it has become apparent that the name
of Paul M. Warburg, of New York, also
would be withdrawn. Th's has not been
officially announced, but It is the talk
In Sen'ite and Administration circles
The President may nominate two oth
ers this wek He is anxious to dispose
of the matter quickly, in order to get
the reserve board filled and organized.
some dennlte statement from ilr. War
burg is looked for earlj. He has re
turned to New York from White Sul
vanouw puonc men for tne succession
to Jones and Warburg are being con
sidered by the President A Barton
Hepburn, of New York, chairman of the
Ur-ctor of the Chase National Bank, is
one of them Another is Seth Low Di
rector George- K Roberts of the Mint,
W T Fenton. of Chicago, and a num
ber of others are being pondered over.
$15,000 Check Fraud
Balked by N. Y. Bank
PHILADELPHIA. July 26 A check
for MS. certified by the First Na
tional Rank here, is In the hnnds of an
unauthorized person, who attempted to
cash It in New York through the pur
chase of an nuto The check was orig
inally issued by the Atlantic Refining
Company, of this city, for J53-U Tho
stranger disappeared when the New
York bank halted payment.
Hurt on Railroad.
RF.ADINO. Pn , July il-eorse
Bucltnnnon sixt-flic. well known In
this city and Philadelphia, was found
cerlousl Injured beside the Reading
Rallwat tracks hsar here earl toda
It Is not known whether he was struck
b a train or fell from a bridge overhead.
tXv v i
- tf -"- -wt
ns rr-i ". TpWTW
Mre? sy sso&fiyYooot'f
Misinterpreted Orders and Sent
Message to Carranza De
clining Move on Capital.
EL PASO. Tex.. July 56. The hith
erto unexplained presence of Villa
and his army far from the zone of
military activities was made clear to
day by officer? of Villa's staff, who
arrived from Chihuahua. Villa's pres
ence In the north Is due to n misin
terpretation of orders from Carranza.
The metter is now ntirely straight
ened out. tney fay.
Villa was ordered to select 5,000
men for a mo ement on Mexico City,
to be participated in by divisions In
command of Gens 1'ahlo Gonzales. AI
varo Obregon. and F.mllllano Zapata.
For some reason Villa received the
Impression that while he was limit
ed to 5.000 men. the other generals
wer- to be tepresented by -ntlre divi
sions. There was a fiat rofu-al to partici
pate In the occupation of the capital,
and a curt telegiam to Carranza In
formed Hit? first chief thai the Uiii
tlon of the north would remain In
A hasty -xchnnge "f messages fol
lowed It was clulneil to Villa that
all dlUMotiK would be rept-si'nted
-qunlly with ".00-J men each. Villa
then admitted his mlstnlte, and indi
cated a willingness to obey orders.
Motor Charges Crowd.
CLEVELAND Julv 2fi An automo
bile driven at a hich rate of speed
plunced throuirli a crowd of children
..-- ..... ..Ill C InUn CvAlinJt .....1
I early kkju. kiiioik .iuih, c.vuv"A aim
jinlurlnc sU others. The driver of the
' car cleaned.
AUSTRIAN TROOPS ARE
MOVING ON BELGRADE,
EVACUATED BY SERBS
First Overt Act of Duo-Monarchy Is to Han
Seizure of Capital Which King Peter
and Royal Advisers I eserted, Accord
ing to Late Dispatches Today.
AustHa today declared war against Servia, according
to a Central .News dispatch from Vienna.
Austrian troops are moving on Belgrade, "the Servian
The capture of Belgrade, which has been evacuated
by King Peter, will be the first step in the war which threat- '
ens to embroil all Europe.
A proclamation, has been issued at Vienna declaring a
slate of siege as existing throughout the duo-monarchy.
Hope of peace, or at least the quick cessation of hos
tilities, today lies with England and France, according to
advices from London. It is believed that these two powers
will propose a joint mediation plan for the settlement of
thff controversy.- .'
The Frendf cabinet Has been in" session all day. No
word hascome from it, excepting that it has not been de-.
cided to mobilize'the French army.
Servian Kins Shifts
Capital to Mountains
VIENNA. July 36. War has been de-
dared between Austria-Hungary and
The Bervlans have evacuated Belgrade,
their capital, and the Austrian troops
will occupy it before nightfall.
Kins Peter, realizing that Austria
could capture Belgrade without diffl
,iiv .Vilfffvri his temoorarr seat of gov
ernment to Kraguyevatz, a strong stra- j
teglc point In tho mountains sixty mues
to the south.
Th mnbillzatlon of the Austrian
troops started last night, following Ser-
vla's refusal of Austria's ultimatum.
Eyes on Frontier.
The breaking off of diplomatic rela
tions between Austria-Hungary and Ser
via has turned all eyes toward the
frontier. lTobiliza.tlon of troops has
been reported In Russia, and divisions
of the German fleet haye been oraerea
to assemble at prearranged places.
Dispatches from Cettlnje. Montenegro
say that Austrian troops are on the
move In the vidntly of Bagusa. Dalma
tla. and that twenty-txo Austrian war
ships have assembled in the harbor of
AND LIGHTOF STEP
Shows Benefit From Session on
Golf Course as He Starts for
Worship This Forenoon.
Accompanied by Dr. Cary T. Sravson
and Miss Helen Bones. President Wil
son attended services at th Central
Presbyterian Church this morning. The
Chief Executive appeared to be In h gh
spirits as he left the White Hcuse. He
was tanned by the sun an 1 wind on
the golf links yesterday and he walked
with a springy step to the Aaitliw au
tomobile. Th. hnt has nrevented the President
from indulging in h's favonts uastlma
for the past two or three week, ami
the exercise yesterday apparently has
put him In the best of condition.
The program for the remainder of the
day Included a motor ride and a call
at a hospital where Miss Mabel Smith,
of New Orleans, a cousin of th-s Presi
dent, is recuperating from an operation
for appendicitis performed several dajs
Hurries to Berlin.
CARLSBAD. July M.-Gen. Von Molt
ke. chief of staff of the German army,
who has been here for some time tak
ing the "cure" departed hurriedly to
day tor Berlin.
f!aftrn Th latter movements ara
interpreted to mean that during the
war, Austria will attempt to selxa
Jdt. Lovchen. overlooking Cattaro.
Servla's decision to refuse the de
mands of 'the Austrian government was
made known In extra editions of, news
papers, and frcsa 8 o'clock last night
the war excitement has been growing.
m.- -.. ..ifi. ., .Itm Servia
by the Austrian government to comply
would have expired at o'clock last
Ten minutes inside the stipulated
time, the Servian reply wa delivered
to the Austrian minister. Baron Glesl
van Glesllngen. Following its read
ing, the terse statement was made
that it wu "unsatUactory." The for
eign office was Immediately Informed
by the Austrian .minister and diplo
matic relations ceased instantly. Less
than an hour later the baron and bis
staff, with their families, bad board- .
ed a train, which, had been In readi
ness. The moblltxation of the Servian
mrmy was ordered at 3 o'clock in the
afternoon, indicating that the rejec
tion of its note was expected from the
......J.... mlnlatM- Wine PtT- Whl)
had hurriedly returned to Belgrade
wnen tne Austrian uuuuaiuiii " -nounced.
left his capital on a special
train with the principal members of bis
government, realizing, no doubt, that
the Austrians could capture Belgrade
The Servian note was communicated
to the Austrian Emperor less than an
hour after It was recei-ed. Count oa
Berchtold. the Austrian min'slrr of for
eign affairs, had spent the atfernoon In
consultation with the minister of war.
General Krobatln. and the Emperor's
chief military adviser. General Raron
Nolfras von Ahnenburg. and the min
ister of finance, and the part't mobili
zation of the Austrlar army -esulted
from the afternoon conferences.
France Still Is Hopeful
War Can Be Averted
PARIS. July 16. Officials of tbe gov
ernment here are unable to understand
the rupture In the negotiations between
Auitria and Sen la, and are of the opin
ion that a conflict will be avoided If the
situation Is handled carefully.
D'splajed in the office windows of the
Matin Is a message declaring that Ser-
Jvia has accepted the Austrian demands
in pi incipie.
There was a hostile demonstration this
afternoon In front of the Austrian ejn
bassv. when enormous crowds of French
men" shouted: "Down with Austria and
everything Austrian. while they cheered
wildly for Alsace. The Austrian flag
was tern down, trampled upon end then
burned. The mob then wended Its way
to the Russian embassy, cheering wildly
and singing the Servian national anthem.
ts. "Mti-I' St. Petersburg rorre-
'spondent announces that the Grand
JUlte ilCHUitta ini.Hui.iin.ii win un uii?
commander-in-chief of the Russian army
in the event of hostilities being de
clared. LONDON. Julv O?. England shows nv
disnosltlon to become embroiled In tv.
war which mleht orovo a great calam
ltv to her Interests. As far as popular
opinion can be gathered amid tho