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Wxt wnMngton Wmt0 Weather Forecast: Cloudy Tonight and Wednesday iSTUMBEK 8244. WASHINGTON, TUESDAY EVENING, JULY 28, 1914. PBIOE ONE CENT. AUSTRIA HAS CHOSEN -A 4?"v" "' HOME EDlflON WAR TYPICAL SERVIAN SOLDIERS AND At the left is shown a detachent of Serbs ready for action. These men have seen service in both the Balkan wars and have demonstrated their courage and discipline. IE. CAILLAUX, IN FIT, STOPS TRIAL Drops Unconscious as She Is Assailed by Lawyer for Cal mette's Heirs. By WILLIAM PHILIP SIMMS. PARIS, July 3. Crin&inj; before the denunciation of Maitre Chenu. and finally falntinj: in the prisoner's box, lime. Joseph Caillaux was again today carried unconscious from the court room where she is on trial for the murder of Gaston Calmette. Judge Mbanel suspended the arguments of attorneys summing up for the prosecu tion while guards carried her from the oom. Wild scenes preceeded the opening: of 'he court of assizes. Hundreds were racked about the palace of justice Ions before noon, clamoring for admission. Soon fights broke out In the crowd. Attempting to rush the doors men ught and scrambled for admission. Vomen in the throng- fainted asd were arried away by republican guards. nooen in the throne fainted and were he police and military able to disperse he crowds. Attorneys Seligman and Chenu opened he argument for the prosecution, oeaking In behalf of the Calmette teirs. "Determined to KM." Maitre Chenu violently attacked the intention of the defence that lime, aiilaux did not intend to kill Calmette. rte assailed the testimony introduced to orove tha the shooting was not pre meditated, and finally declared: "Mme. Caillaux went to the office of ie Figaro with but ono purpose in mind. The revolver which she had pur hated lay naked in her muff when he entered the office. She went there determined to kill." Throuchout the address of Chenu Mme Caillaux had wept softly, en- ies.orinEr to hide herself from the lew of the spectators. "With this hrust of the counsel for the Calmette ens she collapsed. Steak $131; Plays Lady Bountiful NEW TORK, July 2S Sobbing as if her heart would break, pretty nfteen-year-old Margaret JIcGonl gal an East Side tenement girl, to day told the Judge In the children's court that she stole 1131 from a Greek shoe repairing shop yester day so that she could rlay "Lady Bountiful" for a day. And a true "Lady Bountiful" she proved. After abstracting the money when the proprietor was out ' the girl went straight to the home of the Jacobs famllj. where there are seven children. Father Jacobs doesn't earn much money and the children go er? poor- clothed are often very poorly fed Margaret McGonlgai took all seven to a big department store. There she bought them new clothes nd fed them sweets and ice cream. From there they went home. Margaret told Mrs. Jacobs that he must have new c'othes, too, and he gave her what money she had left Not a cent of the money did she upend on herself. The girl may be freed on a sus pended sentence. Letters to McAdoo Show Trade Pickup Advices From Twenty-seven States Indicate Biggest Record Crop and Need of Money to Move It Will Cause Great Business Boom. Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo is confident that a great revival of business in the United States will follow the marketing of the record crops in the West and South this year. The Secretary bases this conviction on the replies received from bankers in all parts of the country to his inquiry as to the necessity of depositing Government funds in the banks this summer and fall to assist in moving the crops and for other commercial purposes. It was upon these optimistic advices that Secretary McAdoo prepared to deposit S3 4,000,000 of Treasury funds to aid the crop movement. BANKERS SEE NEED OF BIG SUMS. Secretary" McAdoo today made public the text of letters and telegrams re ceived from bankers In twenty-seven States which go to show that so far as these bankers are concerned the "psychological depression' has glen way to the most confident optimism An Omaha banker is quoted as de claring that "we will be called upon this autumn to prepare for the largest crop movement that we hae ever had In our history." From Chicago comes the declaration that "we have an unprecedented crop of small grain, and everything bids fa'r for an equally large crop of every cereal raised in this country'" The Chicago banker adds that ' to harvest this crop will necessitate the use of a greater amount of money and credit than the banks hae ever furnished heretofore " He believed that "the banks will need 50 per cent more mono than they asked tor lust year owing to the enormous crops that are now he ginning to moe " Southwest's Greatest Harvest. A Kansas City banker declared that i "we are now In the midst of the great est harvest eer predicted in the South west, and it will require all the mmiey that we can consistently get hold of to move the crop " New York reported that "there is everything to indicate abnormally large crops throughout the country, embrac ing all our cereals " Alabama expects "an early and un usual demand for monev to move a large and early cotton crop." California reports "very heavy crops In this State." In spite of earlier fear3 of crop failures. j en&aCOia, ria., uajjner uctiarpa that "at least twice ai much cotton nriii he moved through this port this year as was moved during the preceding year Atlanta. Ga.. reports that "prospects in this section are good for one of the largest crocs or cotton aia grain Georgia has raised for some tlir- " From IJUDuque, jowb, comes me statement that "we hae had a heavy demand for the past two months to meet unusual commercial and manu facturing activity " St. Iyouls van's money im-nediately tc move the mammoth wheat crops, from which source, money ulll not be gin to return for ninety days "Before that time." one of the St Louis bankers advised Secretary Mc Adoo, "anticipating quite a revival in business, we will probably have strong demand from mercantile houses and al- most at the same time will be called upon to furnish large amounts of money to our correspondents in the south and southwest to help move the cotton crops." East Also Needs Money. Newark, N. J , bankers also antici-! pate a quickening of business. They declare that manufactures will need money. Bankers in Worcester. Mass.. expect a great demand for money within the next six months. "We are having a greater demand than we can take care of," they declare, and add that "this is principally for manufacturing iur poses." Idaho bankers -expect a strong demand for money In the next six months "for the purpose of financing the fruit crop and for the use of cattle and sheep men " North Carolina bankers are In need of money within thirty days for the pur pose of "moving and marketing a big tobacco crop." In addition to demands for money for the wheat crop, Oklahoma expects a la-ge cotton crop, which will make an extra drain on bank funds I'nusually large crops of grain and fruits in Washington State and "the largest crop of wheat the State has ever pioduced" have brought heay demands f'.r money, which have Induced bankers of that State to ask for a share of the crop-moving funds. Treasury officials are continuing to day the preliminary work of arranging for the transfer of the crop-moving funds to the banks which have applied for them. IN CONGRESS TODAY. HOUSE. Met at noon Considered conference report on sundry civil bill. Judlclarv Committee voted to table Mann resolution regarding commuta tion of sentence of Dr. Thomas J. Kemp. Naval Committee resumed inquiry Into methods of naval "plucking board." No Wright impeachment Investigation today. Resumes Friday. SENATE. Met at 11. Definite? word awaited from Paul M. Wm burg whether he will appear before the Banking Committee. Interstate trade commission bill consid ered. Senate Republicans confer on trust hills. Southern railroad coal hearing- is continued. THEIR ANTIQUATED EQUIPMENT At the right is shown a group of artillery officers placing an old-time field piece ic position, as a protection in one of the border towns against invasion. Servia's artillery has not kept pace with modern tendencies in mili tary equipment Newsies Ask Friends' Help ThemtoBury Drowned Lad "Help us to give Raymond a church funeral." That Is the slogan of all the "newsies' who soil The Times to day. They are taking up a colIeo- tion to buy a cofin and provide a" decent burial for one of their num ber, who was drowned dunday while bathing near Chain bridge. Raymond Erasky, rtfteen years old, who sold The Times for several years, while bathing In tho Potomac Sunday, was swept beyond his depth and drowned before help could reach him. His body was recovered late yesterday afternoon, and Is now at the morgue To prevent burial In the pot ter's field. Raymond's little friends today started a campaign to raise funds for a church funeral Every "newsle" who knew the boy, and many who did not. dug down into jus scanty little hoard of n.nri and nicjiels and gave with all the prouisaiuy or their brotherhood. It is stated that the Fifth Street Syn agogue has donated a burial lot for the body of the newsboy. Ray mond's mother died several years ago. Marshall Hit By Traffic Rule Vice President Marshall today registered with the Commissioners, through Mark Thlstlewalf), his priv ate secretary, a comolalnt regarding tho new traffic regulations, which will become effective on August 16. The Vice President makes his home at the Shoreham Hotel, Fifteenth and H streets northwest. The new regulations provide that no vehicle, except a commercial vehicle load ing or unloading, shall without special permit from the Commis sioners stand between the nours of Sam. and G p. m. In Fifteenth street northwest, between Pennsyl anla nvem'e and 1 stieet. nor In H street northwest, between Four teenth strict and Madltoii place, for more than fifteen minutes. This. It was declared by Mr This tlewalte, will work an Injury to the Shorchani by preventing luncheon guests and others who visit t he hotel for a period of more than fif teen minutes from parking their au tomobiles adjacent to the hostelry. The parking place provided under the regulations Is in Vermont ave nue, between H and I streets, north west With the assurance that It will be given careful consideration, Mr Thlstlewalte was asked by Commis sioner Slddons to deliver to the Vice President a request that he submit his criticism concerning the regula tion in writing Lipton's Challenger Arrives at the Azores HORTA. Fayal, Azores. July 2v Sir Thomas Upton's newest challenger for the America's Cup, Shamrock IV, ar rived here today on lt.i way to the United Stateu It was seven 'days out of Falmouth, England The yacht Is proving entirely seaworthy, it was Uted. District to Reclamation Cost Assessments for Work on Anacostia Flats May Levied on Any Land in Washington Which Jury Holds Is Benefited. Owners of property anywhere in the District may be called upon to contribute to the cost of the reclamation and development of the Anacostia flats, according to the terms of the District appropriation bill for the current fiscal year. For continuing the reclamation and development of the Anacostia flats from the Anacostia bridge northeast to the District line, the bill carries an appropriation of $100, 000 to be expended under the supervision of the chief of engineers of the United States army. FIRST ASSESSMENT ON DISTRICT. In former appropriation bills no part of this expenditure has been laid upon residents of the District, but In the current bill It Is provided there shall be assessed as special benefits such sums as the jury may determine on land abutting on the area of Improve ment and adjacent thereto, "and any 1 other lots, pieces or parcels of land In the District of Columbia that such Jury shall determine are specifically bene fited by reason of said reclamation and development." The amount assessed will be one-half of the added value of the land by rea son of the Improvement, as determined by a Jury of assessment. Jury to Fix Levies. The Secretary of War. for tho purpose of the assessment, is directed to divide Into fcectlons the entire area of improve ment as soon as practicable, and to fur nish to the Commissioners of the Dis trict a plat showing the area re claimed and developed. The bill provides that It shall be the duty of the Commissioners to Institute in the District Supreme Court proceed ings for tho assessment of benents. In determining the amount to be assessed it is provided that the Jury shall take into consideration the respective situa tions and topographical conditions of all lots within the area benefited, and where any part or any parcel of land has been dedicated for the impose 0f reclamation and development the Jury, In determining whether the remainder of the lot is to be assessed for benefits, shall take Into consideration the fact of such dedication and the value of the land dedicated Provision for the collection of Hie as sessments Is made as follows "The said assessments shall be levied and collected under the provisions of subchapter 1, of chapter 13, of the code of law for tho District of Colum bia, and shall be paid into the Treas ury of the United States to the credit of the United States and the District of Columbia in equal parts, and whe finally ratified and confirmed bv the- j courts shall severally be lions upon me iana assessed ana shall be i-ollected as special Improvement taxes In the District of Columbia, and shall be payable in five equal Installments with interest at the rate of 4 per centum per annum from and after -Jlxt.' days after the confirmation of the verdict of the jury." Fear Bond Default. NEW YORK, July 28. Following ru mors that the Toledo. St. Louis and Western railroad would default the Au gust payment on collateral trust 4 per cent bonds, a protective committee was formed today by bondholders, headed by I Edwin G. Merill. president of the Union Trust Company. Share Be Bridgeport Official Accuses Di vorcee of Causing Ballau's Death. BRIDGEPORT, Conn.. July IS. "Waldo Ballou came to his death as the. result of criminal action of Mrs. Helen Angle." Summarized, this is the finding an nounced today of Coroner Phelan in the mysterious death of the prominent Stamford, Conn., business man and politician Mrs Angle, now at her father's home in Maine, will be brought back here at once, it was stated, to face a grand Jury Investigation of Ballou's death. Coroner Phelan's report told of the finding of bloodstains In Mr. Angle's apartment. In front of which the body of Ballou was found In a pool of Mood. The report scored Mrs. Angle for re fusing to testify at the Inquest over llallou's death. G. O. P. Senate Caucus Agrees Not to Filibuster Final decision not to oppose ts the extent of a filibuster the anM-trrst pro gram was made at the caucus of the Republicans of the Senate today. It was decided to make a protest against the proposed legislative day which may last for two months, and also against Imoklnc the rule under which no Sena tor could speak more than tw'.-e en the yame legislative day, which In this case might prevent a Senator from speaking more than twice In the entire time dur ing which the trust program is under consideration It was stated positively, , thal no nilbUster would be .,,, , , ,,,, ,, ., ... .u resorted to to back up cither of these protests. CORONER BRANDS MRS ANGLE SLAYER MEDIATION EXCEPT TO SPREAD Occupation of Belgrade Unofficially Re portedServians Said to Have With drawn Without Contest -EnglaifdTold Events Have Gone Too Far to Permit Turning Back. LONDON, July 28 Austria today formally de clared war against Servia, according to Vienna dis patches received here. It is understood that Belgrade has already been occupied by the Austrians. This announcement of war quickly followed the refusal of Austria to suspend hostilities at England's suggestion, pending mediation. Foreign .Minister Berchtold, of Austria, made it plain, in-a courteous note to Sir Edward Grey, that Aunstria had gone loo, far to turn back: It is semi-pfficialfy admiTfeaTiere that Sir Ed ward Grey had met with rebuffs in his attempt to bring about mediation, and for the time being his plan' is held in abeyance. Minister Berchtold's note said in brief that military measures and Austria's present course of action as regards Servia cannot be interrupted, pending negotiations look ing toward mediation by Germany, England, France, and Italy in ambassadorial conference. While the reply is a courteous note thanking Sir Ed ward Grey for his efforts, it is nothing less than a flat re jection of any scheme of intervention by the powers, ex-, cept plans looking toward the localization of the war. A Paris dispatch says: "Word reaches the Austrian embassy in Paris that two army corps of Austrian troops crossed the Danube into Servian territory last night, and today occupied Belgrade, meeting with no resistance. The news is not gives, as official. "Unofficial reports in Berlin, London, and Paris de clare a detachment of Austrians invaded Servia at Mitro vitz, fifty miles northwest of Belgrade. The Servians, it is stated, withdrew before the advance of the Austrians. "Unconfirmed reports declared, it was announced in Vienna, that hostilities were opened at daybreak today." Rejection of Mediation Is Backed by Germany By KARD H. VON WIEGAND. BERLIN, July 28. Austria today formally declared war on Servia. Troops are being massed on the border, reservists are pouring into Austria from Germany, and all prepaations ae being made for an immediate invasion of the little king dom. Austrian warships and transports are moving up and down the Danube and within a short time official report of the occupation of Belgrade is expected. The formal declaration of war followed the rejection of the proposals of Sir Edward Grey, British foreign min ister, for mediation. Both Austria 'and Germany refused to consider mediation as to the issues between the Vienna and Belgrade government. In notes addressed to Grey, the two governments left the way open for further.negotiations between the powers looking toward localization of the war. Austria refused to submit to an ambassadorial conference, however, her de mands that Servia punish all accomplices in the assassina tion of Archduke Ferdinand, suppress the Pan-Servian so cieties and permit Austrian officers to enter Servian .terri- E TED. PREVENT OF CONFLICT 1