Newspaper Page Text
MJ-?'' "W '
-v '-,. ,, -
THE WASHINGTON TIMES. TUESDAY, JULY 28,' 1914.
PUBLISHED EVERY EVENING
"?y The Washington Times Company.
THE MUNSEr BUILDING. Penna. .We.
FRANK A. MUNSEY, President.
R H. TITHER1NGT0N, Secretary.
C. H. POPE, Treasurer.
One Tear (Including Sunday). S3 SO.
Six Months. IL75. Three Months. SOi.
Entered at the postolflce at Washington,
" C . aa second class mall matter.
TUESDAY, JULY 28, 1914.
T4KETHE TIMES ALONG.
While on your vacation this sum
mer, keep posted concerning Wash
ington people and affairs b having
The Times "follow jou. No matter
how quiet and inaccessible the sea
side, mountain, or woodland place
where you are bojourning. you can
read all the news of Washington and
the world each day by havtns -ne
Times mailed to you. At any point
where It is possible to hear from
the world at all through the mat's.
The Times will foll.i.v you.
Addresses may be changed as often
as desired, and the paper will be
delivered promptly, providing you are
careful to see that Th2 Times s
notified of the changed residence.
Subscribe for the paper now. Tele
phone your order to Main 5260. Ai
was give your regular as well as
our vacation address and state
definitely how long the paper Is to
be mailed. Subscription rates can be
ascertained by inquiring at The
Times office. Mail sc$SUo"S.
payable in advance to The Wash
ington Times Company. Munsey
Those analyses which lead "o the
conclusion that the Wilson Admin
istration has suffered a defeat in
Toxas, will aai to be placed on
le for futuri! consideration. It is
oo hot weather to get excited about
J.ras; defeat of a Democratic Ad
r.ijajstratioii. Ferguson, anti-prohibitionist, has
rn nominated bv the Texas Dem
ocrats or governor over Ball, who
is said to have the sympathy of the
Administration. Whereupon it is
filleted that Texas is incensed
against the new tariff jneasura.
There may have been nineteen of
twenty votes in Texas that were
influenced by tariff and related con
federations, in this primary. But
t is to be doubted. Nothing but
he wct-and-dry isue was discussed;
nothing ever is discussed except
hat, when it is at the fore.
Folks who figure on Democratic
rains and losses in Texas might as
-veil devote their time to measur-
ng the shifting level of the Pacifi
ocean as a result of a summer
A RAILWAY CENTURY.
One hundred years ago last Satur-
day the first steam locomotiye
hauled a load of freight over rails
n England. On the same Saturday
he New York newspapers told cf
t test, after that century, conducted
-t Binghamton. N. Y., when an en
sine pulled 250 loaded cars, weigh
ng 21,000 tons.
It was only last November, the
25th, to be exact, when a special
Tain, consisting of a locomotive
ind two cars, ran from Washington
o Jersey City, 226 miles, In four
hours, the fastest trip ever made
between the two cities.
From a little more than 9,000
miles of railroad tracks in America
'n 1850, thirty years later the mile
age had grown to more than
OOO. Twenty years after that it
ad more than doubled the 1880
flgures. In the United Stntes today
here are more than 250,000 miles of
i-ack, the total mileage being great
er than that of all Europe and Asia
combined, with Australia thrown
i. One of New York's terminals
alone covers in acres almost double
hat of London's Waterloo, Paris'si
t La rare, Frankfort's and Dres
den's Main and the Cologne station.
HOW MANY WOULD GO?
The prospect of a general war in
Hurope causes speculation as to its
''ffert upon men that were born in
he countries involved and are now!
living in the United States and that j
might feel themselves bound, by a
sense of duty or patriotism, to re
turn for service.
If the Triple Alliance could cail
back all the men that have come to
hese shores from Germany, Austria
nnd Italy they would be a great army
n themselves. The census of 1.H0
hows that of foreign born men in
his country Germany is represented
ny 1.278,000. Austria-Hungary by
65.000 and Italy by 713,000 a total
'o great that in this present year it
must be abo"e 4,000,000.
On the other hand, there are near
ly a million men of Russia in Ameri-
n, and a great scattering of Balkan
scoples. Twenty thousand Servians
n Chicago say that they will go
-.ome to fight. Greece is ready to
e'p Servia, 3nd there might be an
ther Hellenic exodus from the I
Jnitcd States as was the case in
.he recent war. It is the small na
ion which keeps patriotism burning
nest constantly in the breasts of
Of the peoples born under the
lags of the Triple Alliance it is
ncre speculation to try to arrive at
the number that would go home to
battle. Possibly a million, but not
"ikely. Perhaps only 5 per cent
The Italians might go back. They
have for Italy a love which causes
Kacy af (boa to return in the hour
of prosperity. But it is as hard to
guess at the action of the German
as it is to speculate on what the
Russian would do.
To most of them America must
look pretty good.
BRITAIN IN DIPLOMACY.
Sir Edward Grey, the British
secretary of stite for foreign af
fairs, indicated to the commons that
every effort would be made to
localize the Balkan conflict to Aus
tria and Scria; but he added most
suggestively that if a third country
should be drawn into it, a situation
would be presented that would
gravely concern the British neople.
That simnle statement, in the
circumstances of its delivery, means
a great deal more than mignt be
realized at first. The chancel
leries will not fail to understand
its significance. It can mean no lesi
than the service of notice that the
Triple Entente is for all present
purposes an alliance, quite as firmly
bound together as are the nations
of ihe Triple Alliance.
Berlin, in short, will read in the
language of the foreign minister
of Great Britain, that if Germany
comes into the war field, thereby
forcing France to enter, then Brit
ain may be expected to stand with
France. There has been in this in
stance, as there always is in Euro
Bean complications, the uncertainty
whether Great Britain would regard
herself as obligated to go to the
extreme of actual participation in
a continental war. The isolation o'
the United Kingdom makes possibl
for its government to determine for
itself in such cases, where another
nower would be- forced, willingly or
unwillingly, to join in the hostilities
No continental country could forcj
the hand of Britain at a time when
energies had to be concentrated
upon the business at hand on ths
continent England has the rare
privilege of deciding for herself
whether she shall take part. Thus
she holds a balance oi power thas
has commonly been used for the
preservation of peace.
' In the instance of Agadir, a few
years ago, Germany was prepared
for extreme measures againati
France. That affair looked like a
bit of truculent aggression, with Ger
many confident that Britain woult
desert France and leave it pofasibl
for Germany to dictate terms. Bu
Britain, through responsible leaders
indicated in such general terms aa
could not be misunderstood, tha
she would take a very acute inter
est in developments of the situa
tion. As a result a conference o.
the powers was arranged and the
threatening incident passed without
In the present case Austria has
been as truculent as her ally was
in that of Agadir; and again British
dinlomacv passes along the intima
tion that in case of a general war
Britain will be a party to it Ger
many and Austria might manage :
war asrainst Russia and France; but
against Russia, France and Grea
Britain, the situation would be very
different Germany's material in
terests would be wrecked if her
shipping on the seven seas were
suddenly to be menaced by the at'
tacks of the British navy.
This is the telling weakness of th
German position. A great navy ha
been built, to protect a great sea
going commerce. But it is not a
great enough navy to stand agains
Britain's fleet It is merely stronr.
enough to oppose that of any conti
nental power. Germany could no
itand the s-hock of being cut off
from its foreign commerce. In a very
short time after war haJ begun
German shipping would in all prob
ability be driven from the seas, and
the British mercantile marine would
once more be free from the compe
tition of the German bu&iness-get-ting
and business-building fleet
That would precipitate a calamit;
upon financial and industrial Ger
many such as it could not possibly
Therefore, in the firm tone of the
British foreign office is to be see
the mot.t hopeful sign pointing to a
chsnc of settlement without a gen
WILL LAW DISCRIMINATE
AGAINST MARRIAGE ?
It is probable th3t the New York
Workmen's Compensation Commis
sion feels too much apprehension
that employers will discriminate
against married men, because of
the heavy liability to the dependents
of such men, in case of their death,
that is imposed by the law. If;
there is a campaign of discrimina
tion, it is wholly likely to defeat
Moreover, under the present state
cf the law, only those employers who
carry their own risks are interested
practically in the question whether
their employes are married oj
tingle. If employers provide -(heir
insurance by contributing to the
State fund or purchase it from the
casualty companies, there is no dif
ference inpremium. The State fund
plan creates none and the rates that
the companies may charge are
fixed by law, without regard to the
marital 3taius or the size of the
family of the man insured.
It would appear likely, certainly,
I that the employer carrying his own
risk would be tempted to discrimi
nate in favor of unmarried workmen,
because they are the lowest hazards
as regards the amount of compensa
tion that must be paid in case of
their death. It may be also that
the casualty companies, as experi
ence provides statistics to guide
their action, may protest against
insuring married men with large
families at the same rate as single
men. Under the law the only pay-
ments made after the death of a
( single man are for his funeral ex
penses, while the widow of an as
sured employe receives an annuity
during her widowhood or for life
and his children smaller annuities
until, they reach the age of eighteen
It is hard to imagine an experi
enced employer so short-sighted as
to reject or discharge married men
in favor of single men, even if he
thought he might save something in
case of accident and injury. Aside
from the odium in such a policy,
employers know the value of mar
ried men too well to discharge them
for such reasons. Men with families
as a rule are steadier, more responsi
ble; and more seriously interested in
their work than men without fami
lies, who are generally unsettled and
without care for the future.
STREETS FOR PLAY
GROUNDS. The children of the city play in
the streets, because they are chil
dren and must play; and for nearly
all of them the streets are the only
It becomes a question then
whether they shall play in the ut
most security, or as trespassers in
the zone of traffic. The danger
of street playing has been aggra
vated in recent years by the coming
of the automobile. The plan of
closing sections of streets adjoin
ing public school buildings, at cer
tain hours of the day, in order that
the children might occupy them in
entire safety, has been tried in other
cities than Washington, with en
lire success. Proposal to give it a
trial here was indorsed by the munic
ipal authorities several years ago,
but without the consent of Congress
could not be adopted, and that con
sent was never secured.
Washington has more open spaces
than most cities, and therefore less
need for such an intrusion into traf
fic spaces. But on the other hand
Washington has light traffic and
extended street areas, so that it
involves less imposition on move
ment of vehicles than it would in
other cities. There seems to be a
good case in favor of at least giving
the system a test. This is the gen
eration, pre-eminently, of the chil
dren. They are thought about and
looked after as never before; and
until ery much more extended pro
vision is made for regular play
grounds, the streets should be madt
as safe and attractive for their use,
A POWER TRUST BILL ?
Harry A. Slattery, secretary of
the National Conservation Associa
tion, makes a grave charge against
theAdamson water power bill, which
is being pressed in the House. This
Adamson measure has been under
suspicion, among the friends of real
regulation, from the very beginning.
They have charged that instead of
protecting the public interest it
would in large part surrender these
to the power combinations.
Now comes Air. Slattery with ihe
details of accusation against the
measure. He says that a very large
part of its text was" lifted bodily
lrom a measure prepared by a .lead
ing attorney for the water power
interests. This plagiarism, he de
clares specifically, involves 137 lines
out of the 403 lines of the bill.
These 137 lines were taken verbatim,
he says, from the interests' measure,
and include the most vital provisions
of the Adamson draft.
"The lifted provisions," says Mr.
Slattery, "include in a large part
the jokered compensation section,
which fails to provide for a return
to the Federal Government for
franchise granted; the section pro
iding an indefinite grant: and the
'recapture' section which would com
pel the Government to pay for the
unearned increment in land and
franchise values when purchasing
It is time for the Administration
to recognize that a grave betrayal
of the public interest is threatened,
and to inform itself as to the real
meaning of the bill in whose inter
est the support of the White House
is claimed. There will not be any
advantage or votes in the record of
having supported the bill now
pressed on the pretense that it has
Injured by a Dive.
While diving at the bathing hrach yes
terday, Paul Canter, nine, no Tenth
street northwest, struck his hi ad on
bottom, receiving a laceration of the
scalp. Th Injury was dressed at Emer
OF MUCH Interest to Washing
ton Is the marriage of Miss
Charlotte Reichmann. daugh
ter of Lieut. Col. and Mrs.
Carl Reichmann, and Lieut, Living
ston Wntrous. U. S. A., which will be
celebrated today at Schofleld Bar
racks, Honolulu, where both Colonel
Reichmann and Lieutenant Watrous
are stationed. Miss Reichmann pass
ed much of her girlhood in Washing
ton, as her father was stationed here
for some time, and made a host of
friends. Lieutenant Watrous is a
son of Mrs. Richard H. Kunt, of New
York. After a wedding trip spent in
Japan. Lieutenant Watrous and his
! bride will return to make theJr home
at Schofield barracks.
Sir John and Lady Harrington have
returned from Bar Harbor, where
they have been visiting, and are again
with Mrs. James McMillan at Eagles
head, Manchester, Mass.
Major and Mrs. -J. Thomas Turner
have announced the marriage of 'heir
daughter, Mary Elsie, to Dr. Henry
Charles Raymond, of Detroit. The
wedding, which was a quiet one, with
only the members of the Immediate
family present, took placo in New York
yesterday. Dr. and Mrs. Raymond
sailed immediately for Europe. They
will take a ten days' motor trip through
France, and spend the rest of their
honeymoon In Switzerland and England.
Mrs. Warner A. Glbbs will be at home
1766 Church street Mrs. Glbts will sail j
on August 1 for an indefinite stay in
The minister from Switzerland, Dr.
Paul Bitter, sailed today on the Kron
pilnzessln Cecflie, called home by a
cable dispatch announcing the sudden
death of his mother. Madame R. Ritter
Stanel. Madame Rltter has been in
Switzerland all summer.
Former Senator and Mrs. Albert
Beveridge will go to Manchester, Mass.,
where they have taken one of the
Merril cottages at Smith's Point for the
rest of the summer.
Major Henry Leonard, U. S. M. C,
retired, left Washington several days
ago for Colorado Springs, Colo., where
his marriage took place yesterday to
Mrs. Ward Thoron. Because of the so
cial prominence of the bride and the
distinction of the bridegroom this wed
ding is of unusual Interest Mrs.
Thoron, who, before her marriage to
Mr. .Thoron, from whom she was re
cently divorced, was Miss Ellen Ward
er. She is the eldest of the three
charming daughters of Mrs. Warder
and the late Benjamin H. Warder. Her
sisters are Mrs. Ralph Ellis, of New
York, and Mrs. John W. Garrett, wife
of the American minister to Argentina.
She was until three years ago. when
she left Washington for Colorado
Springs, where she has since made her
home, a leader in the smart young
married circle of the Capital. Her home
was the handsome Colonial residence at
17U K street' Cardinal Gibbons officia
ted at her first marriage, Mr. Thoron
being a Catholic. The ceremony took
place at the home of her parents, 1515
K street, and was attended by many
of the social celebrities of the day. Her
mother. Mrs. Warder, who has spent
much time with her at her home at
Colorado Springs, left Washington a
few weeks ago, and was there for the
of World's Progress
Georgetown Women's Club Each Season Takes Up
Civilization of Foreign Countries and Home
Topics for Discussion.
Anyone who thinks a morning at a woman's club is a sort of rest
ful variation of an afternoon tea should peruse an'outline of a year's
program of the Evermay Club.
This club takes up, each sdason, the serious and thorough study
of some comprehensive subject, and at the same time has two of its
members talk at each meeting on topics of current interest.
Formed in 1905, and admitted to the federation of women's clubs
in 1911, this club is one of the best known and most highly esteemed
of the women's study clubs in Washington.
By J. R. Hli.ut.BK.Anu
The front cover of ever yeir
bock issuPd by the i:venra Cl.ib
befrs a half tone cm nf .t pic
turesque old colonial homo which
spIs on a knoll .tmld a clump of
Matelv trees at 1fir: Tw.-nty-elhth
strcot In Georgetown.
This home Is th- residence of
Mrs. William It Ormi and like
wise It i the home -nd litrMiplnce
of the Evermay Tilth, and It was
from the name of this home that
the club took Its nam'
At the Invitation of Mrs Orme a
group of Gnrt;etovn women gath
ered at r.vermay "n Ma-rh. 190i.
and outlined the plans for a club
which should servo a douhle pur
pose. Hoth alms were cdi.catloi'nl.
One was to itudv the cIvSIItpJ na
tions of the tnith. "m'.-e tspecMl
1 as regards their literature. ait,
i-rchltecli.re. and litndlciafl." t
quote t'ie club's constitution. T'
other nlni was the "con- deration
of current events In 1 nlUics. h'S
torv scitnee. and reliclnn. and
whatever else may suggest ifilf
of current lmp'M t "
Since th.it time th.s i lul has
planned ejeh winter a double
course of stud v. in line with tht so
two requirements, whl.-h lias been
thorough and maiKeil lv much
original resean It !. its memhnis.
Membership Limited to Thirty.
In the membership hHS been In
cluded many of the best-known club
women of west Washington. By the
terms of the constitution the mem
bership Is limited to thirty ut any
one time, but there alnays has bet-n
a long waiting list
Meetings are held twice monthly.
According to the plan of stndv In
recent years, the program o' each
meeting is mad" up of a presenta
tion by tw5"nfe2jL' two phases
of the trtfmfi 9Sttk rite club U
wedding yesterday. Major cLonard re
ceived his commission from President
McKlnley. He distinguished himself
for bravery during the Boxer uprising
In China, where he lost an arm. He re
cently resigned from the service, and
Is practicing law. He was graduated
from Cornell in the class of 1S9S. and is
a member of the Metropolitan Club.
Major Leonard and his bride will come
to Washington about October 1.
The British embassy staff under Col
vllle Barclay, the charge d'affalrs, was
transferred yesterdiy from Washington
to Manchester-by-the-Sea, on the Mas
sachusetts north shore.
Ernest Scott, first secretary: D. iJ.
Osborne, and Horace Seymour, both
third secretaries. and Viscount Camp
den, honorary iittache. constitute the
staff that will be with Air. Pi relay nt
Manchester. vnrc Mrs. Uarclay, wife
of the chief, has been established in .i
summer nome slu-e June. The Military
Attache ind Mrs. Moreton Gage mid
their chlldrn &: nlrcsidy at Cape Cod,
where Colanvl Gage took a cottage eaily
In the season. Thfe.naval attache. Capt.
Guy Gaunt, will pass a part of the sum
mer at Manchester. Mrs. iJaunt. who
is abroad, will join her husband here
In the autumn.
Mr. and Mrs. William James Coje. of
New York, have sent out invitations for
the marriage of their daughter. Miss
Emily C. Coye, and Capt. Norton Ells
worth Wood. U. S. A., on Wednesday,
August 5, in the chantry of Grace
Church. The ceremony will be wit
nessed only by the Immediate, families
and a few intimate' friends of the
couple. Capt. Wood, who Is the son of
the late Brig Gen. E. C. Wood. U. S.
A., has recently returned from Madrid,
where, he -was military attache of the
The .former Secretary of State and
Mrs. Philander C. Knox will go to Hot
Springs. Va., this week to spend some
time at the Homestead. Their son,
Hugh S. Knox, arrived there Saturday.
The Rev. Roland Cotton Smith, rec
tor of St. John's Church. In Lafayette
square, will officiate at the marriage of
Clarence Hay and Miss Alice Apple
ton, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Francis
R. Appleton. of New York. The cere
mony will take place at 4 o'clock Wed
nesday afternoon, August 5, In the Me
morial Church of the Ascension, at Ips
wich. Mass.. where MT. and Mrs. Apple
ton have a summerhome. The Rev.
Robert P. Parker, rector of the church,
will assist the Rev. Dr. Smith, who Is
at his summer home, at Ipswich. The
wedding will be quiet, owing to mourn
ing in the family of Mr. Hay. and will
be followed by a small recepton at Ap
Mrs. Byron S. Adams and Miss Marie
Adams are spending the seaion at the
New Monmouth Hol-1. &priwr Lae,
W. L. Cunningham, editor of the
Nw Rochelle Star, accompanied by
Mrs. Cunningham, are spending a few
days in Washington.
John Weston EngHharth. of New Or
leans, accompanied by hi? daughter.
Mlas Lillian, are visiting friends in
Mrs. Harry Fitzhugh Gray, of Hunt
ington. W. Va., formerly of Washing
ton, who has been for som time in
Atlantic City with her mother. Mrs.
J. D. Murdaugh. will arrive in Wash-
! studying for the season, and two
more members take up cvrrent
The history, literature, arts and
crafts of Florence were considered
during the first year of the club's
existence. Then "Modern Contem
poraneous Art" was taken i:p. In
1907-08 "Music" and "Modern Ethical
Movemento" were the topics consid
ered. In the following year German
literature and architecture in gen
eral were studied. Then, in the or
der named. "The Victorian Era."
"The Scandinavians." "Holland,"
and "Our Countrj" were considered.
IjisI season was spent on Scotland.
Ireland, and Wales, and during the
coming winter the club will study
The first meeting this fnll will be
on November S. when the Aztecs and
the political hlstorv of Mexrn v 111
be the two phases of the general
subject presented to the club. At
the next meeting the Spanish con
quest and occupation of Mexico, and
Yucatan, and the Mayas will I)3 la
Officers of the Club.
Present officers of the club are
Mrs John D. Smoot. president . Mrs.
N. Jcffras. vice president, Mrs A.
J. McKeiway. secretary. Mrs. Jnmes
T Marshall, tieasurer, and Miss
Henrietta Woods, critic.
Among the former presidents of
the club were Mrs. J. D. Patten,
Mr". D. L. Wilson, Mrs. f" p Grady)
Mrs C. H. Cragln, Mrs. W. B. Orme!
Mrs. A B. Abbot. Mrs. G. P Du
Hose. Mrs A. F. Hassan, and Miss
Alice N. Sawyer.
The committee to formulate the
program Is made up of Mrs. Smoot
Mrs. A K. Anderson, Mrs. Du Bose,
Mrs Hassan, andMrs McKelnay
Every meeting of the club still Is
held at Evermay The club became
a member of the District of Colum
bia Federation of Women's Cluba la
AT JERSEY RESORT'
jmsijfi ;,... -v
jr .r s' "v
? x ?
-''. 'SL ' '
'.,s - i
S-'-vVJT'-"' JT. ' .',
tZ?"ji' . S 1A. . sv '
Ptiolo by Harris A Ewlns.
MISS MARIE ADAMS.
ington tomorrow evening to stay until
Friday, when she will leave to Join Mr.
Gray at Old Sweet Springs, Va. They
will spend a short time there before
Col. and Mrs. Robert M. Thompson
are entertaining the .colonel's niece,
Mrs. O. H. Newman, and her daugh
ter, Miss Katherlne Newman, at their
cottage at Southampton.
Rear Admiral and Mrs. Willaril H.
Brownson, who have been the guests
of Colenol and Mrs. Thompson, have
gone to Watch Hill foi a few days,
after which they will go to Newport.
Mrs. Henry F. Dimmock entertained,
at dinner last evening at IJar Harbor
In honor of her house guest Miss
Gen. Horace Porter will be host at
a dinner Wednesday evening for Mr.
and Mrs. Edward F. "Winslow. General
Porter Is making Bar Harbor his head
quarters this summer.
Former Senator Nelson W. Aldrich
spent yesterday at Newport aboard his
yacht Nirvana, and had guesU for
luncheon. Among those invited were
the Russian AmDassador and Madame
Bakhmeteff. Madamo de Rlano and her
sister, Mrs. Chandler Anderson; Mrs.
E. H. G. Slater, and Miss Gwynn.
Mrs. Marcus A. Hanna has sent nut
cards for a dinner and dance rit her
summer place, at Seal Harbor, Jit, en
Saturday, August 29.
Mr. Von Rath, of the German em
bassy, whose engagement to Miss Cecelia
May was recently announced, has ar
rived at Newport from Europe, where he
has been since early spring. He has
Joined Boris Yonnine and Joseph I Mel
IkorT. of the Russian embassy staff, at
the Kerrick cottage.
Mr and Mrs. Homer J. Dodge are re
ceives the felicitations of their friends
upon the birth of a daughter, on Thurs.
day, July 23.
Mlrs Harrison, daughter of Fairfax
Harrison, president of the Southern rail
way. who has been visiting her grand
mother, Mrs. Burton Harrison, for a
week, has returned to her home in Vir
George Oakley Totten. Jr.. has ar
rived at Narragansett Pier, R. I., and
is registered at the Imperial.
Mrs. W. S. Reith. of Sherwood. D.
C. left Washington today with a party
of friends for an extensive trip to Bos
ton. New York, and Atlantic City.
(From The Times Readers.)
Communications to the Mall Bas must
be written on one side of the paper
only: muet not exceed HO words In
length and must be lizne'd with nam
and addreis of the sender. The pub
lication of letters In The Times' Mall
Bag does not mean the endorsement
by The Times of the opinions of the
writer. The Hall Bag Is an open forum
where the citizens ot Washington can
arzue moot questions.
To the Editor of THE TIMES:
Few people in the District realize, I
believe, the deplorable condition In
which the police and firemen's pension
fund has fallen. Despite the fact that
Washington pays a great deal for its
police force, little money is spent In
pensions for Its aged workers or In the
care of widows of officers and men, and
some of whom hae been killed or dis
abled In the line of duty.
The pension fund is made up from the
collection of dog taxes and the lines
from Police Court. There Is a big defi
ciency In the fund between J20,000 and
$30,000. I believe. Widows are receiving
less than their expected pensions. In
many case3 working hardships.
For years Congress has appropriated
nothing for this fund, and the prospect
now is no brighter than before. I be
lieve that It Is up to the firemen and
the policeman of Washington, and the
people whose Hve3 and property they
protect, to do something to aid these
pensioners. I would suggest that a field
dav be held on Labor Day. such ns is
held In New York, to place this fund
where it ought to be A police and fire
men's field day would be a big eent for
Washington, and serve as an lncentixe
to the men to keen In good condition. If
It were made an annual affair. Perhaps
enough money could be raised to insti
tute cvmnaslums in the nollce and tire
stations much needed, I believe
Men who are risking life and Iimh
every day In pursuit of duty for the
good of the District deserve some recog
nition for their efforts, i am wining
to rather a committee to work out
plans for this event, and to start the
ball rolling. I believe that every citi
zens' and trade association In 'he DIs
tr ct would turn In and help these men
Mernhnnta certalnlv should be willing to
donate prizes for the various athletic
The citizens of the District cannot ex
pect any more from Congress than Ihey
have recehed In the past and legisla
tion concerning our police and fire de
partments which hns been passed by
rvimrress. has had far from perfect re
sults. Let the people of Washington and
its environs snow tneir appreciation or
tho men who dally risK uie ami limn in
their behalf M. J OLIVER.
Marylanders Wed Here.
Howard Edlen and Miss Bertha Raw-
lings, both of Brandyw Ine. Md . were
married at the hom or trtwarrt M.
Thompson. IKS G street northeast, ves-
terday anernoon o mc no ncuncq
Sehroeder Edlen is in business near
i Fitu. iia.
Truths By Women WMo!
jr T7 ' Woman's Auxiliary of Soufh
JSJIOW era Commercial Congress
Welfare Work in- South -
Vocational training, improved sanitary conditions, rural problems,
and community life of people in farm districts, rural neighborhood
j houses which tend to keep the boys and girls on the farmsandaway
, from the factories and offices of the cities, and good roads afe-a.few
of the lines endeavor of the Woman's Auxiliary of the Southern
Commercial Congress with headquarters in the Southern building.
To establish a greater nation through a greater South is the fun
damental purpose of this organization composed, of commercial bodies
and business institutions, comprising a co-operative bureau of in
formation concerning the progress of trie South. The Woman's Auxil
iary works along' more specific lines than the parent association and
I thp.ir tunrk varies in tha different States.
.. . .. , . -,, 9
Miss Eula B. Tate, secretary, relates in the following article of
the work of the branch auxiliaries which are being formed in the
sixteen States covered by the congress,' where the unit of organiza
tion is the county clLbs composed of fifty members each.
By EULA B. TATE.
This Is truly an age of organized
endeavor. There are organizations of
every conceivable chara'cter, ranging
from those whose purposes re -to
promote advancement along all lines
to the organization which I read of
recently, whose purpose is to pre
vent the formation- of other organi
zations. The Woman's Auxiliary of the
Southern Commercial Congress was
established something over a year
ago. Mrs. Woodrow Wilson, wife
of the President of the United States,
has complimented the women of the
South by accepting the office of
honorary president general, and
Miss Louise G. Lindsley, of Nash
ville. Tenn.. Is the active president
general. Branch auxiliaries are
being formed In each of the sixteen
States covered by- the work of
the Southern Commercial Congress,
the unit of organization being county
clubs, which are composed of fifty
members In each county.
While yet In its primitive state
the auxiliary has been successful
in accomplishing very gratifying
results. The objects of the auxil
iary are identical with the objects
of the Southern Commercial Con
gress. Objects of Congress.
The following are two short
statements, giving the objects and
purposes of the congress:
First The Southern Commercial
Congress Is not merely an annual
meeting. It Is a union of effort on
the part of all Southern commer
cial bodies and individual business
Institutions to bring two things to
pass In our day: first to Introduce
a proper understanding by the
people of the South regarding the
significance of the physical re
sources of their States In establish
ing a greater nation through a
greater South; and second, to
sweep out of the mind of the world
all elements of misunderstanding
resrardlnc the South, its Drospects.
Its people, and Its opportunities.
Second. The Southern Commercial
Congress was designed to be a con
federation of all local Southern
commercial bodies and individual
business Institutions Interested in
Southern progress, an extended
chamber of commerce, doing for a
section of country what the local
chamber doea for Its community, a
centralized source of information,
an inspiration for local organiza
tions, a national office for each, 'a
co-operative bureau for assembling
and circulating nationally the
broad facts regarding the indus
trial, commercial, and agricultural
possibilities and progress of the
Woman's Work Specific
While the parent organization
works along general lines 'or the
upbuilding of the South, the Wom
an's Auxiliary will work along more
specific lines and probably this
work in the various States will dif
THE SILVER LINING
EDITED BY ARTHUR BAER.
Birds of a feather tlock together, hjit
apparently the dove of peace has no
Even the hardest-hearted misan
thrope Is willing to donate to the fresh
air fund when the squeaky phonograph
In the next apartment rattles off "Annie
THE OLDEST INHAB SEZ
"Many a fellers
joy in havin his
wife go away t' th'
country is marred
by havin' t' carry
one of them grass
suitcases t th' de
Would like to know what laundry the
Kaiser sends his mustache to. Our
collars refuse -Aa stand up more tnan
an hour this kind of weather.
One grain of hydrogen contains 64",-
9S7,330.OX,000.00O.00O atoms, which doesn't
add anything to the United States
Treasury, but certainly helps to till up
space when it's your day to bo dumb.
Masonic Acacia. No 15. Takoma. No. .
Mount Horeb. No 7. and Potomac, No. S.
Royal Arch chapters
0ld Fellows Washington. No . Amity. No.
27 Oolden Rule. No. 3. Fred D. Stuart.
No 7. encampment,
Xnlchts of Pythias Excelilor. No. II: Capi
tal, No. H. Mjrtle. No. a.
Andrew Johnson Council. No 6. Junior Order
fnlted American Mechanic. Fifth and G
Columbia "Why Smith Left Home." 8:15 p.
r!i"-."Tti. Wolf." i-lS and S.1S p. m.
Olen Echo All amusements.
Chey Chase LJiKe aianne dm tvncrrx ana
Masonic Viashlneton Centennial. No. 14.
KalllpoIIs uroiio ouuna i vnewpeane
Odd rtliowa Euurn. No. 7; Hirmoay. Ko.
fer widely. For Instance. In one
State cur women may feel that
their best efforts could be put forth
In an endeavor to bring about mora
sanitary conditions, while probably
in -another State the subject of vo
cational education will be upper
most However, as the territory covered
by the work of the Southern Com
mercial Congress is mainly agricul
tural, the women constituting the
various branch auxiliaries are. as a '
rule, devoted most of all to ths )
rural problem and much thought ls
being given to the subject of the
community life of the people in our
farm districts. It is generally,
Known mat in ine united staves
farmers' families do not enjoy the
social Intercourse with their neigh
bors as the families of European
countries. This was brought out
last summer in a study of rural con
ditions in Europe by the American
commission, which was assembled
by the Southern Commercial Con
gress and which spent three months
In its European investigations. It I r
Is the hope of our women thai they
may succeed In arousing tthe people
nf the agricultural communities of
the South to such an extent that
they will follow the rule of nearly
every agricultural community In
Europe and establish what Is known
as a neighborhood house, where
fatlrers and mothers and boys and
girls . may gather in the evenings
and on rainy days, become acquaint
ed, and exchange Ideas and have In
terests In common that will cer
tainly result In social uplift, and
will tend to k3p the boys and girls
en the farms rather than have them
seek employment in the factories
and offices or our Industrial cen
ters, with the hope or finding Ufs
Nationally Prominent Women. f
In Tennessee, the home of Miss
Lindsley, the president of the
woman's auxiliary, the subject of
good roads Is one that is being
agitated freely by the members of
the auxiliary, and they- are enthus
iastically working for good along
this llnef- r . . ; - ,
The first convention of the wom
an's auxiliary was held in Mobile.
Ala.. In October. 1913, at the time
of the fifth annual convention of
the Southern Commercial Congress.
It was successful In. every feature.
This year the second convention
will be held In Muskogee. Okta.. at
the time of the sixth annual con-
ventlon of the- Southern -Commercial
Congress-and the officers of
the auxiliary are putting forth
every effort to make .this conven
tion as marked a success as was
the first A number of nationally
prominent women are expected to
participate In the program and In
vitations have been addressed to
some of the leading women of -Europe
and Lady Aberdeen, wife of
the lord lieutenant of Ireland, who
Is the president, of the Internation
al Council of Women, is confidently
expected to be present
The new electrically lighted, modern
Jail at San Quentln, Cat. Is perfect ex
cept for one small detail: it's on the
wrong side of the continent V
The old man sure is wearing a wor
ried look these days. Knows that as
soon as the Servians try a flank:- move
ment against the Austrlans, the price
of beefsteak is sure to cut off his re
treat. This Is not a financial column, but
we want to state that even If the man
who invented 6 per cent was no slouch,
he'd look dumb alongside the man who
could Invent two postage stamps that
wouldn't amalgamate in your vest
Not very modest, but when walking
along Pennsylvania avenue, don't like
to be stared at by tourists with their
heads sticking out of the Washington
The chairman of the New Haven
board of directors is now said to be
a physical wreck, which makes him
peculiarly well fitted for the position.
The American who stole the door
knob from Bobby Bums' cottage must
hae had one more hen than he had
. Federal City. No 29: Friendship No,
U. Columbia. No. 1. encampment.
tvmsnis oi i-yuiia -aiouni icxnan, -o. a. jl
Cnlon. No. 3: Friendship Temple. No. . V
Columbia "Why Smith Left Home." SU3 p.
Poll's "The Wolf." t:13 and SOS p. m.
Glen Echo AH amusements
Chevy Chase Lake Marine Band concert and
"Honeymoon" Ends Suit.
Reconciled and evidently bent on eij
Joying a second honeymoon. Mr. irt:
Mrs. Clarence B. Pratt, who w-;
tutrix- nrlnclnals In an application for
divorce, are sojourning at a Virginia,
seasfiore resort- Mrs. Pratt filed suit
last week for divorce from her-husband,
but the day after "the suit was
begun the couple became reconciled
and yesterday Attorney Mathew- 13.
O'Brien, who represented Mrs. Pratt,
received a letter instructing him to
withdraw the suit
-i-j. .-, . -. .