Newspaper Page Text
fj- nM Wnatmt me HOME EDITION Weather Forecast: Fair Tonight and Tuesday -.-" ,' "-- Wp -JC-"? theW NTJMBEK 8251. WASHUfGTOlSr, TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 4, 1914. PEICE ONE CENT. GERMANY DECLARES WAR ON BELGIUM KAISER OEMS F ORMttlY ON LONDON, Aug. 4. Germany formally declared war on France today and immediately a general assault of the French position near Longwy is reported to have com menced. Serious fighting is-in progress at several other points along the Franco-German frontier. , Rioting followed the announcement of the declara tion in Paris, crowds attacking the German and Austrian quarters. Patriotic demonstrations eclipsing anything hereto fore seen are reported in Berlin and Paris. With the declaration of war came a statement from the foreign office'inTwTiichlt'is'alleged that'France has been the aggressor. The German declaration insists that France was the first to violate German territory. It claims that, while the German forces were pur posely held back from the frontier, French columns de stroyed the railroad bridges and trestles in the vicinity of 'he frontier, while French aviators flew well into German territory and dropped bombs. The declaration recites the fact that Germany has made every effort to settle her differences without recourse o arms, but that France refused to meet her half way and has constantly "interposed obstacles to a peaceful under standing." German Defi Brings Huge Demonstration in Paris PARIS, Aug. 4. News that Germany had actually declared war on France was responsible for one of the greatest patriotic demon strations in the history of the capital. Thousands of frantic men and women paraded the streets in -nilitary formation, waving the national colors and singing patriotic songs. A number of Germans and Austrians were attacked, but the police acted promptly and no one was seriously hurt. Baron Von Schoen, the German ambassador, left before mid night. He was escorted to his special train by a column of cavalry and Paris police. The baron before departing for Berlin, turned the archives of lis embassy over to Myron T. Herrick, the American ambassador, Second Secretary Frazier of the American embassy will have charge of the actual property of the German government during the war. The French ambassador to Berlin who received his passports 'ast night is now en route to the frontier. FRANCE USES AEROPLANE CORPS TO SCOUT. PARIS, Aug. 4. Advices from the fortress at Belfort 6ay that almost continuous skirmishing is in progress there between the Ger man army of invasion and the French defenders. The French com manding general is utilizing his aeroplane corps both for scouting purposes and for the purpose of harassing the enemy with bombs. While there has been no general battle both sides have sustained losses in the skirmishing. The German advance is entrenching its base, and it is believed that a general assault on Belfort is contemplated. WAR MURE SHIP CE mt rituiv KM ft SERVIANS TRAP AUSTRIANS; KILLING 300. PARIS, Aug. 4. Advices from the French minister to Servia re ceived today report another failure on the part of the Austrian army to cross the Save river. Although supported by gunboats the Aus trian army has been unable to get a foothold on Servian territory. A brigade of Austrians are reported to have been led into a trap oy the Servians and cut to pieces, with a loss of 300 in killed alone. AT BAR HARBOR Kronprinzessin Cecilie Heard Wireless Order Capture, But Dodges French and Returns to America. FRENCH FRONTIER POINTS MOM Til BAR HARBOR, Me., Aug. 4 Shrouded in canvas so that not a fleam came from her portholes, the treasure ship Kronprinzessin Cecilie pu"t In at this'port 'early today, after a dish back to America following the receipt of word that Germany was at war and that she might be captured by hostile warships. She narrowly escaped capture Sunday. Carrying $10,000,000 in gold con signed to French and English bank ers, the Kronprinzessin would have been a rich prize, and Captain Pol lock believes that only a heavy fog made it possible for him to escape from two French warships he knew were searching for his ship. The Kronprinzessin left New York July 28. She was within 800 miles of England when a wireless was received by Captain Pollock or dering him to put back toward Amer ica with all speed. Escapes French Warships. Sunday night the wireless operator of the North German Lloyd liner Inter cepted a message from one of the French ships to another. The Hrst ves sel informed the second of the presence of the Kronprinzessin In their vicinity and gave orders that a sharp watch should be kept for her. The warship sending the message was not far trom the Kronprinzessin. the wireless opera tor declared. Then came a Tog and Captain PoIIock s vessel eluded her would-be captors. There were 360 first class, 130 second class and 736 steerage passengers aboard the Kronzprinzessin. It was Friday night when Captain Pollock put back and few knew that the vessel had changed her course until they noticed that the moon apparently had shifted from one side of the ship to the other. Captain Pollock later called the -wCITt into the. smoKing room and told them he was heading back for Arneric.-. with every hope of avoiding foreign whips All Lights Extinguished. Captain Pollock then ordered all lights extinguished. Canvas was stretched from stem to stern to pre vent the state room lights from shining through cracks In the windows. A dance was in progress and the music was Immediately stilled, all passengers retiring to their state rooms, some terror-stricken, fearing that the vessel might be attacked. Passengers fairly overwhelmed Cap tain Pollock with requests to be per mitted to read wireless message". All were refused. The passengers did not even know what port the shlpwould make, and It was not until they arrived In Bar Harbor early today that the ques tion they had put to Captain Pollock, time after time, was answered. Peril Thrills Passengers. No one was permitted aboard the Prinzessln, except newspaper men here today. All of the passengers were greatly excited over the thrilling trip of the vessel. Some of the passengers said an unidentified vessel, which they supposed was a British warship, chased the Kronprinzessin from Monday morn ing until the liner put in at Bar Har bor. Lookouts were doubled and on Sunday night lights on tho vessel were exting uished. There was a fog, but Captain Pollock kept his boat pounding along at top speed without sounding his horn. Upon protests from passengers, the speed was finally reduced. The day before, the top of the Kronprlnzes sln's stacks had been painted black so that she would resemble the English liner Olympic. $io. Outing Aahevillo Aug. 7. 15 Days. jLdVt. rm - ,BfUSSlS lU6E , ' 1 r rjrnTAt & K, ramvp DECLARATION S 2 by mm il MANCY 9fe metz FRANCE I STPASSBlAG D BELFQPT v fO&r-..s WHERE GERMANY IS ACTING. German troops have crossed the French frontier in at least three places. At Longwy a battle is reported now in progress, the German column that passed through Luxemburg having encountered the French in force at that place. Another German force is operating in the vicinity of Cirey and is supposed to be moving against Nancy. Still another column of the Kaiser's army is reported in the vicinity of Belfort and Delle. Basel, across the Swiss frontier, it is reported, has been occupied by a German force, while another is said to te moving on Liege, across the Belgian border. BY DUPLICITY Discloses to Reichstag How He Strove to Avert War Until Russia Secretly Began Mobilization. GERMAN CRUISER SHELLS FRENCH BASE IN ALGERIA LONDON, Aug. 4. The French embassy announces that a German cruiser is bombarding the fortified French naval station at Bona, Algeria. Bona is a characteristic French city on a hay of the Mediterranean, near the mouth of the Scibous. It has one of the best harbcrs of the African roast, with a thirty-foot depth of water at the harbor mouth. The fortifications are modern, and there is a strong French garrison thtre. HOW TO SEND MONEY. TO AMERICANS ABROAD Sending money to relatives and friends marooned by the war in Europe is a simple procedure. Explained today by Wilbur J. Carr, chief of the consular service, this is the "how." Send to the State Department a certified check, draft or postal money order payable to "Chief, Bureau of Accounts, State De partment. State plainly the name of the person (full name), city and address, if any, abroad. The money will be cabled immediately to the nearest American consul who will issue local currency or a draft (United States warrant) upon the State Department, payable to the payee, who calls at the consulate. By KARL H. VOlf WIEGAND. BERLIN, Aug. 4. How he had fought against war until Germany's honor, demanded that' she. strike against RmaianCoTnplicUy" was teM the reichstsg today by Kaiser Wil helm. He opened the sesiion of the German parliament at 1 o'clock. An extraordinary departure was the fact that the members met In the white room of the palace, Instead of in tho reichstag building. The Kaiser wade a speech, stand ing in front of the throne. The members had before them the "white book" containing' every mes sage exchanged between Russia and Germany before the declaration of war. The correspondence showed that, at the first hint of an Austrian Servian imbroglio. Emperor Wilhelm communicated with Russia, offering his services to bring about an ami cable adjustment of that diupute. It indicated that the German "war lord did not move until he was over whelmingly convinced that Russia was preparing to strike. Duplicity Charged. The "White Book was read to the as sembled members of the relchstag. The correspondence detailed and the events made public in the White Book showed that up to the last Germany had England's participation in at tempts to bring St Petersburg and Vienna in accord. The direct charge was made that the Russian minister of war "sneaklngly and by duplicity" pi evented the culmination of these efforts. One pe-'onal message from Kaiser Wllhejm to Czar Nicholas called at tention of the Russian Emperor to Austria's repeated assurance that he i- - .k Servian territory and merely sought punishment of those re sponsible for tne muracr ui .v... duke Frans Ferdinand and his wire. It also stated that no attempts had been made to organize Germany's flsht- lnothert8communlcatldns showed that Cxar Nicholas besought Germany s aid to keep peace between Servia and Aus tria and that Germany accepted several suggestions looking to this end. In the midst of these negotiations, however. Russia began mobilizing troops, first against Austria and then against Germany. The Kaiser pointed out. In a message transmitte-l through diplomatic channels, that this secret move menaced the peace of the two countries. There was an evasive reply. and that same day Germany was com pletely disillusioned by receipt of word of the orders for fullest mobilisation in Russia. "Promise To Godfather." Of more than passing interest was tho personal telegram sent by the Kaiser to the Czar. "I direct your attention." It read, "to my promise to my dying grandrither always to foster the friendship of Ger many for Russia and urge you to recol lect how 1 kept that promise during tho Asiatic war." The correspondence also shed consid erable light on the wonderful soeed with which Germany acted once the Kaiser was convinced of RuBslan duplicity. On tho day of the receipt of vord from spies that Russia was fully mobilizing, the Kaiser transmitted a message trom the war minister solemnly assuring the Russian government that no rjivhi had been called to tho colum and that not oven an' extra norse had been requi sitioned for Germany's army. It was hardly twenty-four hours later that Germany's lighting forces began inarching to Umr posts. iW H LONDON, Aug. 4. It is officially announced at the foreign office that Germany has. declared war on Belgium. This announcement, following England's, declaration that she would stand by Belgium, to pro tect the integrity, of her territory, is accepted as fore .shadowing speedy action by England. - M - The news that Germany had declared war on Bel gium was communicated to the British cabinet immediate ly. It is admitted that England has already demanded what Germany's intentions are concerninf Belgium's neutrality. While Germany had been given until midnight to reply, the announcement that she had already acted against the neutral kingdom, created tremendous excitement in Lon don. That England cannot stand idly by and watch the crushing of Belgium is admitted. Germany in possession of Belgium's seacoast would be an added menace to Eng land, and this alone will greatly influence the govern ment's decision. GERMANY'S WAR i BELGIUM JEERED IN BUSH COMMONS LONDON, Aug. 4. In the house of commons this afternoon Premier Asquith announced that Germany had sent a note to Belgium stating that, because Belgium re fused to give Germany the needed facilities for moving her forces against France, it would be necessary for Germany to take that right by force. This announcement was greeted with angry jeers from the war party, who demanded that England take steps at once to guarantee the independence of Belgium. Premier Asquith, in discussing the German attitude toward Bel gium, emphatically confirmed the earlier statement that England had addressed a very forcible note to Germany insisting that the Kaiser respect the neutrality of Belgium. He stated that the cabinet had agreed that Germany would be given until midnight tonight-to reply. Continuing his speech, Premier Asquith stated that Germany only this morning had renewed her assurance to England that she would respect Belgium's territorial integrity. This announcement drew a chorus of derisive cheers from every corner of the chamber. Sir Edward Grey, in an address in the house of commons yes terday, declared that assurances had been given to France that if. the German fleet attacked its northern coast England would feel com pelled to intervene. Later, in another address before the same body, Sir Edward reviewed the situation that had arisen out of the refusal of Belgium to permit the passage of German troops through its territory and in dicated that England would be compelled to stand by, the Belgian government in that attitude. He added that the mobilization of the British navy had been completed and that the assembling of the army was under way. No proclamation of war would be issued, he said,' without the sanction of- parliament 1 ti 1 m J t - -- -- Mh M 1 aVjSartifr.Trftrfglhfct IKjfajfe'afc'M'