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ffiheahfttflf on im HOME 'EDITION Weather Forecast: Showers Tonight or Wednesday w ISTTJMBEK 8271). WbHlINGTON, TUESDAY EVEjSTIXG, SEPTEMBER 1, 3914. PRICE ONE CENT. 3,000,000 AUSTRIANS AND RUSSIANS CLASH GERMANS AGAIN DRIVE BACK ALLIES GREATEST BATTLE OF WAR IS ON IN POLAND, VIENNA REPORTS SAY truggle Has Become Engagement in Dispatches Declare Result Cannot Be Delayed Much Longer, Cables Intimate. Out of the maze of contradictions concerning the invasion of ermany and Austria by the Russian hosts today, one fact stands out - ith undisputed prominence that a great battle, the greatest in e world's history, is being waged between the defenders of German oil and the almost countless legions of the Czar. Austria insists that her armies have stemmed the tide of the Slavs' invasion, and declares her "flying wedge," driven into Russian Poland, has met with great success. The Kaiser's war chiefs assert hey have blocked the Russians. From St. Petersburg come reports of an irresistible advance pon the capital of Germany, by the Czar's jnHlions Following are the reports: VIENNA (via Rome), Sept. 1. In an official state went issued by the Austrian war office today the battle now n progress along the Ausrian-Prussian-Russian frontier is eferred to as the "greatest in the history of the world." It is stated that already there are three million men en aged in the active fighting. Every branch of the service - represented and the fighting tide ebbs and flows like that rf the seas. While the fighting has been in progress for days all long an enormous battle front, no decisive result has as et been attained. It is stated, however, that as a result of he concentration of the forces between Lublin, capital of he district of Lublin in Russian Poland, and Grubieszow, Russian Poland, a distance of sixty miles, the fighting there las become almost a hand-to-hand engagement and a de cisive result, so far as that section of the battleground is oncerned, cannot very much longer be delayed. The Russians are putting forth desperate efforts to oreak the strength of the Austrian invasion of Russian Po .and, fearing the effect of a success at this point on the eneral situation in Poland. In addition it is known that the present Austrian movements are in accordance with the general plan of cam paign as agreed on between the Austrian and the German general staffs. The Austrian war office claims the Russian invasion of - w.irian territory has been more than offset by the suc cesses that have accrued to the Austrian arms in Russian Poland. Denial is made that the Austrian army has met with enormous losses. It is admitted the casualties aTe 4eavy, but it is also declared that they are far from being excessive when the number of men engaged and their equipment with modern weapons is taken into considera tion. Russian Office Asserts Army Continues Advance ET PETERSBURG f--pt 1 -Admlt-ng that the entire A-istrlan a'tie army now seems to be at the theater ' war in Gaiicia. the war ofnee today declared the '"Russian advance eon- nues ' The e-ere fighting is still In progress, and the war office inslhis that Tbe Austrian line is giving way The Russians. ' says the war of f'ce. "are now within kss than a day's march of Lemberg proper, the lins e 'ending with Iemberg as the enter, f om Kamenka. northeast of I-emberg through Glnlany to Rrz2.zdoitza. to 'he southeast It is along this liii- that the fiercest righting has taken plae. The Austrlans hsve attempted a banking movement in force throueh Pusslan Poland, by way of Kielce and Lttblin, and troopa have been detached Almost a Hand-to-Hand Many' Places, Official to "pe with in:.-- However, the for v'd inoxerrcnt in Gaiicia will of .tsrlf have the -lfect of forcing the Aus trian to withdraw from Poland " In Eastern Prussia the Germans have been heavily re-enforccd. The second line of defense part of the lamlwHir. and large forces s'-Iected from the home defense, the landsturiu. ar- i o.v at the front and at several points they have already assumed the of fensive for the purpose of diuvving the Russian attack from the fortifica tions. The Russian advance, however. , now threatening tin entire outlvlng forts along the Vistula Up to the present, however, none of the main chain, those at Dautzlg. TJirschau, Marlenburg. Graudenz, Kulm. Fordon) and Tl.oin have been seriously threat (Conttnued on Page Two.) B RESENTS u. s. aim cruz Signs of Trouble as Result of Continued American Occu pation Ominous. TROOPS ARE SUBJECTED TO PETTY ANNOYANCES Train Service Interrupted and Port Declared Closed to Shipping by Carranza. Ominous slpns of trouble between the new government in Mexico and the United States are beginning to appear as a result of the continued occupation of Vera Cruz by the American troops under General Funston. Information in reliable (matters Is to the effect that General Carranza, the new provisional president of the re public, has called upon the United States Government to evacuate the Mexican seaport. This, it is under stood, the Washington authorities have declined to do until all differences are patched up between Carranza and Villa and arrangements are completed for constitutional elections. Train Service Interrupted. Ifi the past few davs, it is stated, thel insistence or uarranza on me evacua tion of Vera Cruz has become more pro nounced and has been accompanied by steps calculated to embarrass the forces under General Funston. The first of these steps was the action taken by Carranza in stopping for several days all train service from Mexico City to Vera Cruz. Finding that no trains were coming earn from the capitAl, General Funston. it is. stated, served notice on the Mex ico City authorities that until train service was resumed from that end he would hold in Vera Cruz all rolling stock of the railroad then at that ter minal. In consequence of this the service was resumed, the Mexican authorities explaining the Interruption on the ground that the rolling stock at Mexico City had been needed in the movement of troops. Port Declared Closed. Within the past twenty-four hours the aggravations have taken a new turn in that Carranza. by public proclamation, lias declared Vera Cruz to be a closed port and has warned all foreign nations not to go there This, it is feared, might prove extremelv embarrassing to General Funston if observed by for eign vessels, in as much .'is Vera Cruz, crowded to the utmost with reflates. Is faring a food shortage. As the American forces control the port, how ever, it Is not believed that the proc lamation will le generally heeded. At the same time, acooiding to some offi cials here, it illustrates the petty an noyances to which Carranza seems bent upon subjecting the American forces. Paul Fuller, of New York, the Presi dent' ped.il envoy, who Is expected to reach Mexico City todav. will take tp with farianza the tuestion of the evaciation of Vera Cruz. It is under stood that lie has ben instructed by President WIKon to make It plain to the provisional pi evident that the I'nitcd States Government has no in tention of moving its forces or of for mtilK recognizing the new government until I'arranza and Villa have reached a definite agreement and Carranza has carried out his obligations to i" Cnlted S'atrs. Japan May Invade India, Says Consul General NEW YORK Sept. l.-That Japan will lnvad India in support of her ally. Great Britain, in the event that Ger manv sin eeds in starting an uprising in the Hritish India possessions. Is In dicated in a statement made by Taka"h Nakamura, th Ja.tnese consul gen eral "It is not true that Japan will send troops to helti Pussia. said Mr Nak i rautii, "but II Germany ctlrr up rebel lion In India, Japanese force will help the English. In accordance with our trcatv " 30 Years Today Since U. S. Got Its First Trolley Car KAN? A.- riTY. Mo. .- I -Today la the "blrthdaj " n Atne'i. . of tho (xprchsioii- "Two bells. . ires, please." :,i.d 'You re "ir your tro'ley." Thirtj vears ago today he first l-n-tric trolle car system In !'ie L'niL.i States as plated In opeiation here, foi lowing trollev 'ntalI.-ition 'n Eei.'"t; It !"'' TrolIex KVMcms In Toronto nd Haltimoie speedily followed Du Pont Pays Dividend. I'HII.AIJEI.I-HIA. riept l.-The Tin Tout International powder Compinj wh'ise mills aie teported to have been running on a t itv -four-hour sh'fts ever since the outbreak of the vvnr. to da dclared the tegular nuarterlj divl deiiet of l',4 per cent on its preferred atock. RUSSIAN ADVANCE IN EAST PRUSSIA TOB&&UN J " ., According to the Russian assertions, the fortresses of Koenigsbcrg. ana lirauaenz. upposea to mis statement is mat oi me ueiman ai unite, wmen insists mai me uei roans have taken 30,000 prisoners at Ortelsburg, Hohenstein, .n the lake district near Allenstein, and have driven the Russians to the frontier. -Ml T Action Would Give Balance of Power in Balkan States, Is Belief. LONDON, Sept. i. Emphatic reitera tion of Turkey's determination not to enter the European war was made in a statement issued today by the Turkish embassy here It was said the Ottoman Empire's position has already formally been made known to Great Britain. A turko-Hulgarian aiirtement to fm ther the interests of the two countri"" was foreshadowed this afternoon in the following statc;nent bv tin- Turkish iim basador '"Regarding ruinor" of lh rcfoimation of the Iialkan alllam es ai.aiii.ot Turk-v, it is absolutelv false A, pinvlnt; th' I have information Hint ! Turko-Ilu! gMrlan committee irid been foriiKd bi.i before the war broke out t onidr means of "furthering the intciest.v which the two countries hold so larcelv in common P'r.ie then .everal meetings nave been held In which both the Turk 'sh and the ISulgarian Members dllv ered earn! nddiesoes 'onmicnihii; upon the communitv of interest between the two oiintrles and the necs!tv of following a common poll' And what Is mote slgnlllcant Is that the semi official newspaper. Politics, si. . that tho object of the coinmilt"'' eiilots the hympathv of all official iitIm in Rul garia, and speaks of the common 011 gln of the two people as a further bond between them This vrv lemnrknlile .statement ininiit" tin l Hiilgari i. vvlii-b vvaj In cluded, and which Included herself n far ainong.-.l .Slavonic peopl- on ai cciint of the ac-ident to her ilnv !.in gi ajje. to ial"- dlhclaims connection with the Slav family and proclaims her srlf a sister nation of Turke . w nlch In realm she Is " This statement was re-janled in offi cial ciicles here today as Indicating that if Turrfey and Piilgarl.i form an alliance it will probably glv- tlr-m Un balance of power In the Balkan M lies LONDON'. Sept 1 Conflnnation of the report that King Carol of Roumani i Is to abdlc-ate because of III health has been received here in a dispatch from Hucharest PARIS, Sept I -Report" from n-nhn-i f that the King of Roiimania his ilnllealod are nuslng much (1Iciik.s1oii as to the effect It will have on koii mfliila attitude In the present conllict The. Km ' nephew. Prince Frederick 'if llohenz. Hern, whose svmpilhies are cntireU Gcunan. will succeed to the tb.oive. H '"'ed The lix ha' the general feeling thr "ghoul v ,T,uinia is anti-German Iadi- t 'he iie'lef that an attempt to nllgi I 'imanl on 'he side of Germany would rult inenou. Internal disturb A S me. the Czar's men in East Prussia have .not Alle??sliirL - ac4Ihorn, andf-ro pressing WILL COP! CAPITAL'S L New lmpetu la being civen tho parcel post buvlnc plan to cut the high cost of living, so successfully launched by Postmaster otto Praeger. Sovera! New York newspapers have started a cru sade against high food costs and are ad vocating tho plan tried out by Mr Praeger They refer their readers to the Washington postmaster for detailed informat.on on parcel post buying, and as a result, his office I being flooded with urn uries from New York. Postmytei Praeger i more than ever convinced of the practihlllty and ad visahilitv of the plan llnoiigh his ncr 5on.il expeiiiiue In le'atuig this ex perience todav. he vnd -hit b. fainllv used from four to five dozen eggs this week Through mrh- o liicncc with a farmer at Ma'tjers H'e -v I'f cets five dozen fresh-la Id eeg.s ea-'h week by par cel post Tbej cost h in J", cents' a dozen net The postage on the g? and or respond nee brines the gioss cost to nearlv 3o cents a dozen Eggs In the market are 3 cent" a doeu The post master has fig ired it out that be saves 10 cents a week, or JC0 SO a year on his eggs alone "If I i an reduce ni other food expendll uies accnrdinglv ,'" :ie said 'the cost of 1 ing will have tin ter tois The ck'-s have nlvvan been first class and mi' i' in eood ondiMop The farmer tells me that selllnu them to me tor 2,", eiiis a dozen lie i.i making a i hare of cents pr ilozen for the trouble of pnekmu them The mer chant who t,uys- nan ot nis supply pays lmi eni" a dnz-ii at the farm ThUH he in. ikes " cents a dozen bv the plan, and I make s icnts after paving ali i osts of the service M itl boil--elfeep t s aie keeping In i oe toudi with the postmaster, and are usine their Infl'ienco to extend the plan. Cheaper Food Prices Promised for Capital Cheap, i prb cs for perishable food stuffs a- il indictments again"' mer chants who boost rd pit"-- lo unwar ranted heb bt with the Eiirnnenn war as the nri. a c piedicted for Wash ington this week The form' r will ionic bv leasnn f the weather during the past week. Re cent rains iin.loubt.-div will increase the Sllpph of M'lWlie.s. melons, tnlln Vo s. iluni siw-i-et corn and other fioll.s and ito tables ui'l their Imp- i fition fro-n b,. nurbv farms In Vir ginia and Man land will brim: the -lc-i reased prices Anotbei avenue tlimugli which de creased prncs will le.snlt is the rew laiknge service Inaugurated tod-tr on the Penn"V Ivania railroad between Wasluntoii -i ml l.owtc. Mil N'omlinl rates for pari els and baskets of pro duce Into U ashiiiKlon wl'l be ilmr-ed. This service .loubtless will be taken advantage of bv inaiix inn I; farmei.s The irrand lurv vv III he prcpaied lo ptesent indictini ills to the Dlstnct Supreme Cnnrt Thurdav Puritit' ibe tiast two weeks a icorous inittilix Iris bii conducted bv IistH, t Mtnrnev Clarence It Wilson into the high pi Ice of food stuffs in the District, and numerous witnesses hnve ! Iflcil lie lore the grand lurv It is reported that three m four Indictments will be picscntcd Thin silm If th- 'esu'is. Hie pi in Is to cull the uitis d to trial In the fall t""m of '"rlnilnal Cot n so that tlie lmpu.se I. take heavy toll from consumers way be curbed soon. T LAN only taken Tilsit, but are Investing the German troops beyond Osterode ALLIESBEATENAT LA PE REPORT German War Office Tells Popu- I lace Operations Everywhere i . ,, Are "satisfactory." HERU.V Sept. 1. (Via Th Haxue.) The war office statement today declares the French and English armies have been driven back vlth heavy losses near I-a Fere and that the German advance dn Paris continues. t The operations all along ths line of hattle throughout France aje charac ; tetized as "satisfactory." and It Is .-tnted that the German forces under the ciown prince, operating from near I.ongwy. have enjoyed uninterrupted I success . These announcements resulted In widespread rejoicing, coming simul- taneously with the anniversary of the opening of the battle of Sedan I .i far ns the situation In the eastern theater of the war Is concerned, it rs i st-iied the German situation Is now ex- client The re-enforcements sent to aid the armies defending eastern Prussia are now on the scene jnd have a--nmed the offensive j Russians Threat Ridiculed. Stones that tho Russians are ser iously menacing the defenses of the Vistula river aie ridiculed at the war office, which Insists that the general Russian offensive movement has been checked there Plans have also been made to meet any attempt of the Rus sians to take thi Vistula fortifications In the rear by making lengthy detours. The official bulletins dealing with all operations are etiemely terse, but all have the same geneial tenor, that of uninterrupted suci esses nlong the gen eral plans as laid down by the war of fice. The Red -ro?s has undertaken tho cue of the icfiiees who have been lonipclled to flee from their homes In eastern I'riissi-i befoie the Cossack in vasion. This latter work, coupled with the general relict of the wounded, has taed the facilities of the Red Cross to the utmost, but a call for volunteers brought so many responses from the tletman women. Incltidinc some of the highest titles, that not only was the diffieultv solved, but manv had to be put on a waitiiu list. Women Are Active. The women of Germany are as active is the men who are at the front While the government has made an allowance to the families ot every soldier at tho front this is consideied inadeiUnte. and Ihe .anon relief organizations have taken up the work ot caring for all needv m a sv stem Hie manner .Meanwhile, manv wild rumors nrr being circulated. by the refugees. Some of them declare that the Russians have ilireateiied to loot Herlln and give it to the toich If thej take the clt This laltei threat was the subject for much ridicule in the editorial cQlumitE of the newspapers, all of which point out In reassurinc terms, that so far the Rus s in nd ince has only Invaded the un protected section of Eastern Prussia. FIGHTING DESPERATE AS NEW ATTACK TRIES TO BREAK FRENCH LINE Battle, Rages Along Left and Center of ' Army Holding Roads to Paris At tempts of Kaiser's Troops to Cross Meuse Have Failed, Says Paris. By WILLIAM PHILIP SIMMS. PARIS, Sept. 1. Circumstantial rumors of serious disaster to the British expedition brought emphatic denial from the war office today. It was unequivocally denied that there had been any actual reverse, although there was no denial that the allied battle front has again been pushed back in the" north. The entire German, army on the French center and left renewed the general assault today, and at -last reports it was raging with uninterrupted ferocity, the French left slowly falling back. The Germans are anxious to signalize the anniversary of Sedan by a notable triumph and have staked every thing on the strength of the blow now being delivered. FURIOUS FIGHTING IN CENTER. FRENCH BATTLE TO HOLDVOSGESLINE Strive in Two-Day Engagement to Check Advance of Ger man Invasion. from their Immediate front and th The French force, are maHn an- j r TZT' other desperate effort today to hold) Paris was quiet today, although tht back the German forces in LtTrralne ?xus from the city continued. The .!1S lines at the railway stations and and the Vosges mountains, the French, at ,he raway ticket offices contlnuo embassy was advised by a cablegram to Increase. There Is no panic, but al . - , -a ready it !s very evident that the pod- Hum ... . .w ,- vna-va TnA 'OriB I n r fl U Tl III IH.r The dispatch said "Fighting began again yesterday in Lorraine and thel Vosgej mountains. At Sassy and the River Meuse a regiment ot trerman infantry has been nearly destroyed. 'Through our left the German prog ress has continued. "The offensive more of the Russians ntinne: unchecked" ntmues uncnecsea. ... The French embassy stamped as am absolute lie' reports that the r tench Government was considering moving, the capital from Paris to Bordeaux President Starts for Capital This Afternoon W. INDOOR. Vt.. Sept. 1 -President Wilson vvas up and away early this mornins for a final game of solt at Hanover. He intended starting back to WashuiRton this afternoon. It is improbable that tho President will come Munin to Harlakenden House. It he Kets a vacation next summer, it is bellevni he will find nome place more ensdv aeies-iMe to Washington. IN CONGRESS TODAY SKNATK Met at 11. Consideration of Clayton trust bill re- mined. Vote expected todav Senator Lewis In favor of legislative i-oiiiniiM inner for District ,tnd will pres4-iii mil HOfSK. Met at noon CoiiKressiiian Kinkead of New Jersey attacked former Senator James Smith. Ji . editor of a Newark nevvj paper because of an editorial rriti-i-isin.; Kinkead Bills on unanimous consent ctlt--! ir considered. Merchant Marine Committee resumed hcarinKs on Administration ping bill. ship In tho center the army of the German crown prlnoe has penetrated Franc through Luxemburg and the "Gap of Treves." and the "general bsdtle" ad mitted !n the official reports, la takinaT plaoa in the Mexleres-Rocrot region and 3 along the Meuse to Verdun. Up to the present, it is Insisted hsisii, !! attempts of the Germans to re- bridge the Meuse neve failed. They nave now Drought up heavy arUllerr and are shelling the entire Nne of French entrenchments that cover th Meuse in the vicinity of Sedan. French On Offensive In IontneV The French army in Lorraine con tinued today to act on the ofIenlve lThey have shoved the Oerman. hi-v .. - iuace generally expects a siege and those who can are leaving. ;"! "Jf '-- rj. - (man neria, neot over PanS( ,, no widespread alarm, .he two avl- t a tors who have passed across the city nvu uuiib practically no damage, and If their intention was to throw the city Into a panic they have failed. for a possible raid by Zeppeiins ana 'if M?e -"e will K Into the a!r and si" theal ba'- But t Is accepted tha no German aviator, flying across the " ","7 ."V " ''" lne iorcv 1 to maintain to avoid the iruns from rh Eiftel Tower and other high structure can pain any Information rej:rii n conditions within the city that is ,io already known to Germany Paris Filled With Spies. As a matter of fact, the chiefs a t e war office are certain the Ger:n.-n . v system is In operation within th- i and that every public move Is prom- -reported via secret channels to the man ceneral stuff Because of tins, the presentv of ' German aviators over Paris hi -minimized e. ervvliere. and no att- 1 has bren made to Rive them battif i the French aviators, although sucl. development may be expected in ! near future The i-.ibmet held an "xtraordina-" s, slnn toda.v. at which the various !' tions ot national defense ner? con ered. In this connection the quest on the removal of the j-eat of Kovernnie- to another center away from the the. ter o? hostilities was touched on. & . tion was taken, and none will be uiul it is an absolute certainty that the Is to be besieged. It was explained bv the members . the i-.ihinot that every movement so lnadf has been of a precautionary t ture This Is etecially true of 1 r.-14't.S ! the old bi.llii'ti outside oi S Purls forts to iv an uulnterrunt. sweep t- the suns of tK defense. Do Not Expect Siege. It is Known Gei era! Jottre told Minis-, ter ot War Mitt" ne did not believe tho?. Germans would ever set vvrithjn. forty nnls of Paris. ;. ' " ,, The eenerjMn-ifh'ef believcstnal,,tft force of the German assault li already" frtvlnnlnp to, shAvv- indlc-slibiic of .fvetnir spent. The bestAt-the German fj-Mpa were concentrateiion the Kreaca laft 4 "