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TTTE WASHTXGTOX TDIES, TUESDAY. SEPTE3IBEB & 1914.
ie"ashm0ton traus PUBUSHED EVERY EVENING (Including Sundayi) By The Washington Times Company. THE MUNSET BUILDING. Term. Ave FB'VNK A. MUNSEY, President. R. H. TTTHERINGTON, Secietary. G. H. POPE. Treasurer. On Tear (Including Sunday). J3 60. Six Months. 51.T5 Three Months. SCc Entered at the postofllce at Waehlnston. D C. as second class mall matter. TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 8, 1PM. DIPLOMACY'S USES. It is reported that the German chancellor and the foreicn minister nave resigned, as result of the Kaiser's bitter criticisms. He blamed them first for England getting into the war, and second for Italy keeping out. Seemingly, the Kaiser was willing to admit that he himself made the war. He merely wanted diplomacy to insure, when he was ready for his war. that things would line up bo that he would be sure to win. It was rather too large an order, Mid diplomacy brcke down under the strain. MORE BATTLESHIPS. As an indication that the Euro pean nations expect a long war two terns in yesterday's papers were significant. These brought from both England and Germany the in formation that the tremendous in ernational competition for fighting machines on sea is to be kept up. Encland officially states its navy will have an accession of strength within the next twelve months of tot less than ten f-rst class ships, "fteen cruisers, and twenty de- troycrs. Germany declares that -nembers of the reichstag have ex pressed their readiness to guaran- te the necessary sums for replac- --ig lost shiDS and immediate ex ecution of the measures adopted in 012. The race for sea power will go on en though the German fleet, bot- icd up in the Elbe, is helpless. The Raiser is determined to keep up his t rogram, and England, perfoice, nust build more ships to maintain 1hat supremacy which it considers r sser.tial to its continuance as a free country. THE REPORTED VICTORY Since the first encounter of the German invaders and the allies at Mom? and Charleroi on August 23 4 he world has been holding its breath, figurath'ely speaking, wait ng for a decisive battle between the Hundreds of thour,ands of men under inns on both side?. There have een much skirmish fighting, many rttched battles, in several of -vhich "lore men were engaged than was he case at the battle of Gettysburg, end at least two encounters on a crand scalp. Thanks, however, to he excellent work of the allied com manders, their armies, constantly re treating, have been kept intact. There has been no rout. Now another great battle is on, and it would seem the Germans arc i making the-r most determined at- tempt to crush the allies. They are pwuring new men on to the firing me .and have brought their forces nto action in such u way as to in Hcate a plan to crumple up the illied line, if possible, throwing the Tft wing back into Paris and sur rounding and capturing the army in he center. At the very start of this engage ment the allies seem to have won an "dvantag" through a victory over a rtion of the German light wing. The extent of this is not yet estab shed. Bir if the pending battle is i be a decisive battle a victory for ne allies in the beginning will have " excellent effect on the morale of he troops. IN MEXICO. The difficulties of the situation in Mexico have not all been solved. arrar.ra has not measured up to h expeditions which his early 't as Pi st chief seemed to jjstify. Up has quarreled repeatedly with ilia, who appear? to possess the "olest head and clearest brain mong the new leadership He has fen truculent at times in hir atti- ude toward the United States. Out of ill these difficulties has enveloped a situation v.hirh fortu nately, involves no possibilities now f widespread complications. There s no danger of European inter ference. Europe is otherwise occu pied. More important, there is no excuse fcr any f the American rouble fomenters to stir up new dif ficulties by narping everlastingly on lie danger of -omplications or the weakness cf Mr. Wilson's policy. 1 he President has a free hand to oral with Carranza, and he is doing A wisely. The Mexican chief has been hand id a series of three nropcpals, it is stated, with the privilege of adopt ing either cf them. He may declare "imself provisional president, take himself out of the race for the presidency, and proceed at once to arrange for an election, Or he may retire at on-e and run for prosiden if he wishes. Or. third and last, he may continue as fh.st chief not as president and be a candidate for election as president. There is little doubt that Wavh- ington would be well plea, ed to lie rid of Cairanza. If Villa .should be a candidate in an honest election and to injure the honesty of the society. A- Crccy, for the first time, coming election is opo of the obli- cr.nnon wcro used in the fu-ld, prin gations of American diplomacy he cipally in order that the stone or would in all probability ov elected, iron balls might frighten the hoiscs. Villa may represent what the Gcr-, The primitive artillery, combined mans call "unkultur," but he also, with the deadly hail -jf English represents uncommonly developed arrows, put the French cavalry to s-ense and sanity. . flight. Infantry proved superior to AUTOCRACY'S ERRORS. How utterly autocracy is incap able of understanding the sentiments of people governed under more en lightened systems has oecn illus trated a number of times, and most effectively during the present war. The Germans made the tremendous mistake of feeling sure Britain would not 'Ight. She assumed that Britain, bound to her natural allies only by the loose bond of an "un derstanding," would decline to take up arms. "My whole policy crumbles in ruins with this blow," wailed the German foreign minister when he learned that Britain would light. He had not dreamed it. He had been reading about peice movements and disarmament propaganda in Britain for years. He supposed Britain was decadent. Again, the Germans imagined that the South African Boers would rise against British affiliation, and give Britain a whole peck of trouble in that region. On the other hand, the Boers, who are not ruled from Eng land at all, but who have rather a more effective plar of democratic government even than our own coun try enjoys, had no thought of seek ing affiliation with the autocratically governed possessions of Germany in I Africa. Even more grave was the error cf the Germans whe assumed that Great Britain was on the eve of revolution over noma rule. Perhaps it was. A good many other people feared that. But in the face of foreign war Ulster-nun and the men of Cork closed up ranks and stood shoulder to shoulder against the out tide foe. Britishers were ready enough to fight among themselves, but they were united against autoc lacy from the outside. India was the occasion of another pathetic mistake of the militarist legime at Berlin. There has be:n a vast deal of speculation in late years about thj possibility of up rising in India. Germany took it seriously. She thought it would keep thu empire busy in that ouarter. To the contrary, Germany is now fighting Sikh regulars from India, and they are proving effective troops. They were bro lght to Prance to help fight the Germans, largely because they wanted to come, and insisted on a place on the line of battle. There is even a story that the Germans counted on the United States to syripathize with them, be cause they assvimcd that we would be on the lookout for an excuse and a iavorab!3 opportunity to grab Canada! It seems a bit pitiful that a government, dealing with the powers and sentiments of ali the world, concerned to know and cor rectly interpret national and inter national feeling.", should make such an error. But the German autocracy judged others by itself. O.rada looked like an Alsace-Lorraine; therefore the United States would of course want it and take it, and. doing tha, would array itself against "ritain. Again, Germany calculated with confidenc that Italy would join her partners of the old triple alliance, regardless of the moral aspects of the war. Buz Italy, once more, has had an experience of popular gov ernment and institutions. The gov ernment could not violate the senti ments of the people, and the people sympathized with their friends of the west of Euiope. who were carrv inr the banner of popular govern ment. Errors of this; I inH minlii V. . ' '" enumeraien iniunnnciy to the .lis- credit of autocracy's judgment if 'he purposes thai rule nations and, peoples. Oreatevt of all theye mis takes, however, was the assumption that a rcadv-mad" military machine was certnin to week the improvised force put. together nut of the pat riotism and devotion of a free people. That is not a safe assump tion, as autocracy is discovering. MILITARISM IN THE TRACKS OF FEUD ALISM. The territory that thr Germans have just eonaucied north of Paris was the scene of victory for another invading host something more than five and a half centuries ago. On August 2(5, 1346, near the foicst of Crecy. Edward III of England, with an army of 25,000 infantry, chiefly bowmen, defeated four time a many soldiers 1 2d b" the French chivalry, killing enough to outnum- bcr his own entire army. Here the Black Prince, the m ulo and the tragedy of the English ioalty, won from the blind and heroic King John of Bohemia nis three-plumed crest i and the motto that the Prince of Wales M!I hears, The battl.- a, however, less "m- portant for perioral achievements than for its reao-'oi. upon medieval I knights in armor, feudalism, which had been built upon knightly P'-owess in ! -attic, tottered. From that time the king and the common people roso in influence, the feudal lord declined. The novelty that characterizes the present war is no single invention like artillery not even aeroplanes; it is rather the concentration of im perial resources 'ipon military equipment and strategy. For a gen eration or more Germany has played her game with amazing energy and s.kill. She has prepared for war. and now she is waging war with all the devotion that militarism could ask. The crisis of the present struggle did not come at Crecy, as it did in the campaign of 1346; but when it docs come it will determine the fate of militarism ar. Crccy de termined the fate of feudalism. "MADE IN AMERICA." The "Made in America" campaign gives promise of bringing great re sults to the advantage of our na tional industries. The legend "Made in Germany"' has become familiar all over the world in the last quarter century. We find it on our cutlery, our toys, on a thousand kinds of specialties. It has been a mag- i rificent advertisement of expanding German industry and commerce. The very protests that, especially in Great Britain, have from time to lime heen voiced against the "Ger man invasion" have served chiefly till now to advertise the successes of the Teutons. This is the accepted time for such an American campaign. We are the friends of all the world; almost the only friends of everybody. The world turns to America to supply it with all manner of necessaries. There will be no effort to arouse rc-f-entment against an invasion of American commodities be-ause that invasion jurt now will be welcomed with open arms. Put the legend on everything from America, and it will advertise American wares for the future A litMe patriotism about using American-made goods right here at home will be useful; and this move ment will encourage the develop ment of that kind of feeling. "Made in America" will carry a special appez.1 to the people of all the American countries. This is the opportunity of America in the broadest and most inclusive sense. No country of the western world is involved in the war. save Canada. From th-i Great Lakes to Cape Horn is the one vast expanse of peace territory. Pride and satisfaction in our security, our stability of insti tutions, our common inheritance of representative government, will go far to open a market for American wares throughout all t'v's great ex panse of trade territory and oppor tunity. In order that their goods may most readily find buyers, Americans must understand the need of mak ing what the market wants, and offering it for sale on '.he accus tomed terms of that mail.et. The American ihref'iing machine, for instance, i.-; conceded to be a better threshing machi.ie than the one made in England. Yet England re tains a grip on :i considerable busi ness of selling its machine to Rus sia. The reason is that Russia doesn't want the machine that the American manufacturers insist on selling to her. Concessions to the local prejudices, and indeed to local conditions, must be made in order to -c!l rood ". Tile makers of thresh ing machines in ici-ent vears have ""-iiearnci tneir icssoi., :ui ;i learned their lcssoi., and a result i aro now (olnc a 1T1,(h ,.,,.,. 5narc 0f the Russian buMness Tho mall wh , ,llvs is ia(,e to have a lMisomblv accurate idea of what he wants. Jt. is bctt-r business to effer what he wants than to argue in the effort to convince him that something else would he just as good, or better It n at this point that the Ger mans havi been especially success ful. They offer the trade what it wants; they sell on the terms to which it is accjstomed; they pack gcods in the manner most acceptable to their cu: tinner-.. Americans are beginning o learn Jiese little arts of adaptat'o 1. They will i':nd tho'i concessions an ong (he most useful supports of a camp-iign for the "Made in Ameiiea" program. Woman's Work. She Don I vou think ue would better so ImcK lhriiili l.nil.irm again on Hie w.i home" lie Hut r did r.r.lRivl She I know It But rue n v ere theri thlnU of all the lnvelr nm niltin the suffragettes have mr.de Lit. Truths by Women Who IT n rkAI7 Organized Effort to Promote JV1 1 U Vv Interests of Women College Woman's Club Social service is the bond holding together the members of the College Women's Club of Washington. This club, comprising over 100 college graduates, is an organized center of thought and action for the promotion of the interests and education of its members, who include among their number women in all positions and professions. The president of this association, Miss Elisabeth V. Brown, relates herein of the aims and accomplishments of this organization. She tells of its efforts in behalf of a pension bill for teachers in the Dis trict. Miss Brown is prominent in Washington club life and among welfare workers. She is director of primary instruction in the Dis trict public schools and is a member of the Aid Association for the Blind, of the Monday Evening Club, and of the Audubon Society. By MISS ELISABETH V. BROWN. The College Women's Club of Washington, which has Just passed its seventh birthday, is an organi zation of W women representing eighty-seven colleges and unlvcrsl tles. and practically every State In the Union. The club Is kept to gether by the spirit and the bond of college days and the call to social service. The range of membership includes mothers and homemakers. doctors, lawyers, teachers, scientists, li brarians, social workers, musicians, artists, authors, and a large con tingent of specialists from Uncle Sam's various workshops. "The objects of this club." accord ing to the constitution, "shall be to create and maintain among the col lege women of Washington an or ganized center of thought and action for the promotion of social Interests, intellectual culture, and educational enterprise. Teachers' Pension Bill Early In Its career, the club put itself on record In favor of the es tablishment of a retirement fund or of a pension bill for the teachers of the District of Columbia. An ex tension of the educational and social spirit of the club Is expressed In a largo group of nature lovers who take to the woods and fields and ex plore many unfrequented regions of the District. What lover of the open road, can resist the call of "The Tow-Path in Spring." -The Annual Salon of Jack Frost. Painter." "A Persimmon Hunt." "A Prowl In the Park," or "'A Wandcrnaeht?" Through a bulletin published every now and then, club netvs is distribut ed and attention Is called to present day college activities and to the achievements of college women. The promotion of acquaintance and sociability among the members is carried on by a series of afternoon teas or social gatherings hold on Monday afternoons from January to May. and by an annual banquet. A short program Is usually presented, followed by a general social meeting Plan Club House. At the teas and banquets many women of note hive been the, guests of honor. Among them Miss Alice C. Fletcher, nnthropologlst. who holds a fellowship at Harvard, and who Is tho sole honorary member of the club; Mrs. Thomas Marshall. Mrs T. P. O'Connor, of London. Miss Mary Woollcy president of Mt. Holyoke. Mrs John Havs Hammond. Mr. Fairbanks, Mrs Carrie- Chap man Catt. lime Ali ICull Kahn, Mrs. Ii Follette. Sophie Irene Ixeb, Mls3 Mabel Boardman. and Miss Julia Lathrop. At one of the meetings last winter What's on the Program in Washington Today. Meetings, rvnlns Masonic Federal. No 1, Acacia. No IS, Taknma. No 2. Mount Horab. No 7. anI rotomac. No 8. Kojal rch Masons. Do Molay. No 5. Knlghta Templar Comniand ery; Evancellst Chapter. Hoee Croix. Scot tish Itlle Electa, No 2. Pethlehem. No T. Friendship. No 17. anl Fidelity. No. l. Eastern Mar chapters Odd Felloup WaphinKton. No fi. Cmenant. No 13. mltv. No :7 ;o!d"n Ruin. No 21, Fred D Stuart. No 7 encampment Knlehis of Ij thlaa elisier. No 7. Excel sior, No 14. Capital. No S4. Myrtle, No. IS Amusements. Fool There Was." roll's "A : IS and S:15 m. Columbia I.yman II Hoe"i travel fcstl- -al : and f 11 p hi K lth - aud- i!l - 1 ani! 15 p m I.lB""0 lMinaKe.1 i.nod . and ' 30 P m ;nict Hur!-"l"- - 1 a'1'1 ' ' P '" Crandall i Motion pictures, afternoon and rnln? r.n,v v auue- lllr. afn-rnoon anil eenlns unvnos auoVvllle BfleriuM-ii Hiid en iilns Moore r triid ' UttlfKt llebel II a. in to lip rn Garden Tli laire ' " a in to 11 p in. Glen i;ho-.Ml amusement Chew hnse I-ske Marine Hand concert and riancInK .... . BhiiIUI WflhlnRton vs Philadelphia, first same at 1 4& P m Tomorrow. M'Clmsf evening Masonic IWrnom. No 17 Mount H-a-arit. No 11 Si I 'hii R Mile nvM-iition anml v., r tiil ltrookland. Vo 11 La'-tern Mar O.Jd I dlnns lil'lern N" 7 llar'nonv No l"ri. ndhlp "'" ' Ftdiral illj. Nn .0. . ,.l,.,nl,U No I rni ilnliinenl Knii-im f rviiu-s Mount vernon. No I lllOll NO -- ' "lumi'ii -i rrini i hliip lmpl No ' I'vthlan Melrre National L nion I'oslof flee f'ounrll. Interior " .mni ll Amusements. Natonal-"lhe Utasnn f law Poll's A Kool Thern Wa. ' R lb p m 2 lo and S:lj p in 1 olutnlilH 1.1 man II Hoac travel feetl- Mil 1 jnd ( li p l" Krtth's Vaudeville .'li and S IS p m HrluM-o "liaiiMR'd ! Is ' and S SO p m i...H liiirr'jii. 7 1' and S IS p in i rainlall s- Motion pictures afti-rnoon and cnlnc inline Vaudeville, afternoon and cntn ri.siims Vamle Hie afternoon nd enlnB Mourn k Strand- "Wttltst It"bcl " 11 u m to 11 p ni r.ardcn "The L.ure." 10 a m to 11 p m 71en Kho All amusements fhey hase l.ako Marino Hand concert and Umlng . ,. . ISasehall- WnshlnKton vs New V ork The Main Toruble. h v us thinkin . -.au- Kastus John sing, "what a nice. pini.li!iil-lihc world dU here utilvrrca ncUU o ! If it wasn't for de moCWiiri Ct t human under-Jaw." PhllaiHIphtu tiodrer The Heroes I'd like to rent your hall, plei-ir " "Vv hat for'" "Uell vou see, Tve-e orc.ililzin a fraternal sneiotx railed (he i-ori of Moving Picture Veterans of the Mexican rwr. Mulel Courtar. ---------Kx - p"i- TO t3K&Z3&mmm Photr bv G V Puck. MISS ELISABETH V. BROWN. the club -was honored by the pres ence of Mrs. Woodrow Wilson, who graciously expressed her Interest. The club meets' at present in a studio, but efforts aro being made to secure permanent headquarters similar to tho college women's clubs In Boston. New York. Philadelphia, and many other cities "When our ship comes In." members see visions of a rlubhouso properly equipped with labrary and reading rooms, tea and lunch rooms, and rooms for the entertainment of out-of-tntvn college women visiting tho National Capital The vision Is far from realization at present, but the faith and energv of our united membership will bring It to achievement. It Is the purpose of the club to enroll every college woman in Wash ington, and to those who would Ilka to become members a cordial wel come will be given on the presenta tion of their credentials Have a Laugh Schoolboy Answers. A teacher in one of o-ir public school? gives a couple of example") which indi cate the necessity for her being on the Job. "What is the equator'" he. asked of little Peter Kord. -whose, knowledge of physical geographv vva3 well known throughout the school "The eipi.itor H a menagerie lion i tin ning around the earth. ' answered the lad, thereby establishing forever his claim to fame. "What bov will cive me an example, of an Imperative sentence?" Inquired the teacher. "I will." spoke up Matty New "John, throw tho horse over tho fence some hay." Boston Advertiser Strategy. Hani .in 1 !"- 17. t --inall lioj.. h.nl gone to the ring to skate Hans' over io.it hainpcied him .uul he wanted to get rid of it The German coal-room person does not check your coat unless vou pav your fee. Tho fee was only u. penny, but Hans did not have tho penny. Ho was at a losi. "Hugh! It's dead easy." spoke up Fritz. "Give me your overcoat, til take It to the man at the checking place nnd say I found it. He'll put it away When you aro ready to no home you go to him and ask if anybodv has turn ed a lost nverco.it into him Then of out- oill Ret fitirs New or Kvennic I'ost The Lure of the Land. "What do vou want with all thn.-e haiiioiks and phonograph records and fatsry groceries ' aKed the storekeeper. "Going to Inve timiner hoarders" No. ri pl.ed i'.iriner uriitos-el -J woiildnl waste all tlieni on .summer boarders I'm trvin" In tnnl.e the plai e attractive, enough to persuade a tew farm handH to linger around an' help me out with the whcit imp" Kansas L'itj Journal False Economy. Thci I'll a c " t'ui I'H.iitrv lid who went to N-' vv 'ink .Hid tn d foi a Job on Hie .'Ol! o f ti He passed the phvsieal tests hands do .mi, but t lie w ril ten examinations gavo him a Utile tumble Due il the ipif Minns wa-. "A min mivs an .unfit ii SI-- a.n' .-. 'lis it fur tl'7... dors he gain "I Ioe ,n lie lians .iitnm" fler pondeiing over the iie)timi. .uir rural f I finally ati'weied In tins vav lie g-iins nil the cents, hut loses nil the dollars - llostou Advertisei. Social Warfare. rirst Harnmtn Politician i-av. mil, wofs this bloomln' inortiiarlum thev ho tarkin .s nun h about " second Polith i.m Well ve .ee. it's like t'i'l i " ' ' l'- "ol1' "' '" iinboii .md 'ho Gnvernniriit pus it foi e Tirst Politician Well, that sounds a bit of a.11 riht. don t It? Punch. The Silver Lining Edited by ARTHUR BAER. It a passenger rides one mSe at the new railroad rate of 2!i cents a mile, tho conductor Is going to have a tough jod giving the proper change for a nickel. Niagara hotel keepers starting to polish up tho Falls. Looks as If they'll soon bo overcharging some more, mediators. ' Oh! yes. Ocean trip will improve your health if you travel In tho right direction. Only bno thing harder to hit than a reed bird, and that's two reed birds. Looks as if the District Commissioners will eventually get the outdoor swim ming pools In working order ,bout the time we'll bo returning our useless Christmas presents. Dispatches say that English cricket has been stopped bv war. War atn't so horrible after all. Another bright rift In the war clouds. Chewing gum factories are working three eight-hour shifts a day. Panama canal should Improve) things a bit. War stories originating In Kala mazoo. Mich., will now be able to dodge the European news censors. THE OLDEST IN "Alius noticed street car passen gers alius mobilize at th' wrong end of the aisle." Belligerents are shooting the chauf feurs over !n Europe, which may be the reason the President asked the Ameri can people to preserve a strict neu trality. policesearchTfor Fatal Stabbing Occurs During Game of Crap in House in Armory Place. A general alarm was sent out by tho police today for William Stark, alias C. C. Reed, alias Cincinnati Red, who. It is alleged by the police, stabbed John Wesley, colored, to death during a crap game In a house in Armory place south west. Detective Beckley learned that Stark went to a house In Bllck's court after the killing, changed his clothes, and te malncd there until 9 o-clock last night. Stark had been working for some time with a construction gang camped about five miles below Alexandria. Tho woman at whose house Stark changed his clothing after the killing. told the detectives that Stark told her he had killed four men. and was going to give himself up, but later he changed his mind, and said he was going to try to escape. A second murder occurred yesterday when Gertrude Jackson, colored, was shot to death during a quarrel In a house In Decatur ocurt northwest. Law rence Robinson, her brother, was ar rested about two hours after the shoot ing and charged with the killing. Federal Mine Operation In Colorado Possible Government eperation of Colorado coal mines may b" undertaken if the warring factions dj not accept Presi dent Wilson's tin ee-.v car truce plan. Secretary of Labor Wilson today de clined to discuss this proposition, but lio made this significant statement. "I don't want -o sty anything about that now. It might be considered a3 a threat" That the proposition of Government ownership has at least heen under consideration was also indicated fu-ni ti.e Sci'turv's statement that ' pre-i- in laws wniild not pcitnit Mich owner ship ' tin the other hand ho was silent about the G tvernment power to opti.it? or continl the mines tempoiarilv. N'o reply his corns to the truce prop osition. Senators Are Tardy In Assembling Today The, Senate was not in much of a mood for work toda. The session opened at II. and then It was perceived Labor Day was still everting its ef fe. t a call for a quorum was de manded, in v lew of the fat t onlv a few csi'nators were present. It took an hour of roll calls to muoter the presence, of a majori'y Kinall, at roon, a quorum was obtained and thn henator Xew lands called up the i (in ference report on the tradi coiiiniisMoii bill. The Girl of the Period. New Maid Voila. Ma'm selle Debutante Heavens, mv good girl. tli.it vvon't do. Here give me the thing' Win, half-wa,! across the nnm no one would see I was made cj at all: Punch A Hopeful View. "Tour uncle is deaf, isn't he"" "Yes. lint not very deaf Why. only ycMcrdav. when a clap of thunder shook tho house, he expressed anxiety over my sneezing " -L'lllustrntion Trained. Lawyer Tho cross-examination did not seem to vvorrv vou Have ou hail nuv previous experience? rilent Only six ehildicn. Pearson's W eckly. Forty Years. Miie That s ,i ci'Mtil have on' Moll Pn vo. nno v tVlt la gown v. u ferlv veirf ')' Marie-That so' Tlt-Btla. JIaJ't it yourae!'?- msEz m' ALLEGED MURDERER Noel House Works Thr ought4 riendship i ... Neighborly Footing Gives Institution Wonderful Op portunities for Kindly D eeds Settlement Is Out growth of Efforts of Two Young Women. To meet the folk in its vicinity on the footing of friends and neighbors is the aim of the residents and workers at Noel House. This settlement house, the outgrowth of the work of two young women, has reached a wider development than its founders could have foreseen. Out of it grew Camp Good Will, the Rosedale Playground, the school vegetable gardens of the northeast. Now the institution is a principal factor in the recreational needs of its community, as well as in many phases of home development and civic betterment. By J. R. HILDEBRAND. Scene The Noel House. Ten o'clock a. m. "What am I to do about that lit tle boy of mine. Miss Mueller, who cut his head last week? They sewed the wound at Casualty Hospital, and I wonder when they want to take the stitches out." Miss Mueller had not heard about the accident, though most of the thrilling happenings In the neighbor hood reach her ears. She telephoned to the hospital and told tlv mother the hour to take her child back. Incidentally she sent her away with a smile by telling her the doctor had said Jlimmy had undergone the surgeon's needle without a whimper. Tho mother was scarcely out of sight when a "little mother" of seven years or so brought a young er brother who had cut his foot. "Wo were near here. Mis? Mueller, and I told Bobby you would fix up his cut." "Right you are." was the cheery response. "Take him around to the dispensary." Little Incidents, these, and all In the day's work. But they lllustrate the neighborly and friendly footing on which tho Xoel House has es tablished Itself in the community In Its vicinity. Meet As Friends. For the Noel House docs not devote itself to "charity" in the accepted sense. It taboos that much misused term. The house residents are friends of the folk In their neighbor hood, and ordinarily you would not offer your friends old clothes, nor would you give them money. But you might Invite them to your home, and you might join with them in organizing clubs and play ing games. That is the sort of serv ice by which the residents and the volunteer workers at Xoel House have made themselves very much a part of the neighborhood about Fif teenth and II streets northeast. This work dates back to 1901. when two friends. Miss Ryan and Miss Whitman (now Mrs Gilflllan), who had been doing social service work in the northeast, started to make a home, so that the good Influence of their work might be centralized and perpetuated. This Idea came at Christmas time, hence tho home was called the Xoel House. Under tho suggestive title. "A Grain of Mustard Seed." one mem ber of the organization sketches an Interesting history of the work. "To gather young people from the street Into warm, bright rooms was not difficult, and the parlors were soon full, the children crowding all over the house." she says. "Clubs and classes in sewing, cooking, car pentering, etc., were formed to hold their interest and a tiny room in the cellar roughly fitted out for a gym nasium. An offer from the summer's outing committee to provide funds for a boy's camping party. If Xoel House would undertake tho experi ment, was accepted by the residents, and the success was so great that it had much to do with the perma nent establishment of Camp Good Will. Outgrows Resources. "The work of Noel House soon outgrew tho resources of the resi dents, so a number of ladles In the northwest formed themselves into a committee to raise yearly a sum for its support, and a larger house more suited to grow ing needs was rented. "Through the efforts of the resi IN THE TIMES MAIL BAG Communications to the Mail Bag must be written on one side of th paper only: must not exceed 200 words In length, and must ba signed with nam and address of tho sender. The publication of letters in The Times' Mall Bag doe3 not mean the indoement b The Times of the opinions of th writer. Tho Mail Bag is an open forum, where tho citizens of Washington maj argue moot questions. To the Editor of THK TI.MKS -i A..incH from As a refugee recenuy i"- somewhat sur- looking over the accumulated prised In o tr find that no conccncu i'.cc. . hov been made for the trkTded one still over there by who were able to get home at tho be glnmng of the trouble. one ls sifo the past is so soon forgotten. I h .1 noie of the hairbreadth escapes re i e many and p.obably at no reii - - ... .i iLinser. as wo tmie was '" "l .. T ..... . .), ni.inag' 1 in get into uaiy ju. - - e .h. w.vr Hut even in that outbreak of the .vr lr ."." .here W.VS little fcell.' neutral ".... . . before long before ri mi ui.w.'i ..- ,...-it nnn it " 1 cm lorgei tho.-e da.h wnen we i i n7.t the shins on which we nau lcnino.1 tint in S111I-. ...thdravvn. ho e ." no -.mediate chanco of -"''-? !rcK-,atni?ere3vra; mile Undue of htel proprietors, miny SSUSIK 'oihcrfrj per.ir , ,,, o.. rjrp.irtinrnt. as h.mie. .....I the 5tt- "'.. funl3 ,ii, .1 the Mat. n thit theie siirl he monev fo, us on me ''---,' tlie 19th or Aicust wl.en we let P ,IW we nol been able , to ;. twnrfer our return J.as..ge In ano T been the. same 111.'' f -should .not h - .in' .LV.lll.tini' " ""-. N iples tn.v sai. i. ....- - -- money able to p.v ouV;r the dav before Hut it w.is not until trie nco wo r....l.d that ,; ,''n;t ,,,.. We whatever that we s.houl.1 get ;l ,.,..'-l'c sailing, and l " sa.l.i-gs cTi.ig.ni' w." , ,!:il,I,V,liatotv. ai al ,.ul been s,V',1,Pc1 "V '" anil "i-mv was most Pil:v?, Pnc?hA uncertainty of ;. ions; w...v... - trvltig vve weic the Mim-jton . co to it. hnKUflBe t fam " h, '.news we could pick long waning i ' - ... wo weic .111.1 cv. i.. " "",: ooi.Mil's office "P.,:.,."iten,ron hiaUv and rur Tt or ' lr''vy,cn,,. " , .Khr"tat iVai; --. ii fitm.ir w.rl'l dclair -va. at anv mnm'ii-. and ,1 ", U. filiation would be .....re nre cirious Not iii.t.1 we we.e all on hoard, and Hie engines actuallv started did we ct.1 .mv seoiintv Kven then it was rumored that word had come that nobaby." Western Mail. dents, a vacant lot near by w loaned by the owners for a play ground, and this venture also proved so successful that the lot Was l,er bouBht by the city for a public playground, now called Rosedale Playground. This was supervised for several years by the residents of Noel House. Through this settlement also the first school vegetable gardens In the northeast were started on vacant lots loaned for this purpose and worked by the children. "In the spring of 1309, tho gift of 14,000 from tho friends of the work and also of a house for the residents (overlooking Rosedale playground) from a member of the committee caused another move ment in tho direction of wider de velopment. The residents were es tablished In the new house, and Mr. Gilflllan was placed In charge of Rosedale playground (where from 500 to 2,000 children and grown people gathered every evening last summer). "A branch of the Public Library was established In the new house, a dispensary and milk sta.l"f opened next door by the Diet Kitchen was put in charge of the residents, and the desk of the Dis trict nurse placed In the Noel Houso thus, with the playgrounds Joining in co-operation five differ ent movements for service. The sum of $2,700 was borrowed, tha land was bought, and a gymnasi um costing about $2,500 built on a tract adjoining the Noel Houso." Play Not Neglected. The playground supervision de manded so much attention that it was placed under separate supervi sion as a part of tho municipal pla -ground system. But there aro both Hoy Scout and Girl Scout patro'a working in conjunction with the Xoel House. And the settlement af fords a winter play placo for the young of both sexes in its gymna sium, where indoor baseball and bas ketball contests are held, and where two dancing clubs attract scores of young. For the men there are pool tables in a separata room of the gymnasi um. Mothers, too. have their club, which is both recreative and instruc tive. In the main rooms of the Xoel House are the kindergarten, the club rooms, the library, kitchens for-th'i cooking classes, a phonograph, pi anos, and player pianos. In the building with tho gymnasi um is the dispensary, where Dr. E. T. Stevenson ndnlsters to the sicl; once a week. Xominal fees are charged. About the building Is a llower garden. Even the back yards are to be paved soon. The Improvement for which the friends of Noel House now-are work ing is the renovation and enlarge ment of the gymnasium. It is hoped to put shower baths and dressing rooms in this building. For that pur pose a building fund of about fUfOO already is in hand. About 500 are row enrolled in the classes. Miss Dorothy MUcller suc ceeded E. J. Garmbausen as resident about a year ago. and her assistant Is Miss Agnes Cooley. Officers of the organization supervising the house are Mrs. Henry Cleveland Per kins, president. Miss Mary WInslow, vice president; Mrs. Horatio Bige low. secretary, and Mrs. Charles W. Mcl'ee. treasurer. Mrs Richard Wainwright Is chairman of the houj committee. British ship would be permitted to leav the hartor. and as we were detained eight hours at the dock after the time scheduled for sailing we began to be lieve the report might be true. Although to "come home steerage" is. a mark of distinction just at present, t assure you ii is not as romantic as It sounds. One Italian ship which left Naples August 13. a small vessel built for Immigration and fruit trade, carried TOO passengers, the majority of them "steerage" paying $110 for bunks down in the hold, four to eight in a cabin, washing facilities limited to one tin wash basin out in the coindor. for evorv tuontv -four persons. Those who demanded luxuries, at any cost, could purchase tin basins for themselves from enterprising Italians on the pier This boat made the fip In seventeen days. Ii om the latest reports transportation facilities are still far from adequate o meet tho demand, and it will be manv weeks before all of these people can be taken home. Wo who know of the eoi -illtlons. wonder If evcrv possible effort Ih being made on this side of the At lantic to insure a safe and reasonably lomforiable transportation for "" American citizens abroad M Pi. True Politeness. A gentleman was descending tl.e ice covercd surfaco of a steep street in Toronto when his feet went fro.n under him and he slid in a sitting pojture. He had not gone more than a fetr in this position when his !'gs canio l contact with a lady who was crossing tho street, causing her to si down hur riedly on him They proceeded thus to gether at an imrcasing spcd and shot out onto the so.iare l1 mv wh n the gentleman, coming to rest. aid. "I beg jour pardon, mauam: vou must get off here. I don t go any farther Strand. Prerequisites. "Tommy.." said the Sunday school teacher vho had been giving a lessen en tho baptismal covennnt. 'Van lo'i tell me the tn thincs necess.ar to bao-tlsni-' Yesm." said Tommy, "water and a